MAY 2013 | Nº 53 | 3 $





Joel Fenoll













In this editon of Extreme Sports, we

want you to see a diferent way of vision

of this variety of Sports with a special

risk, and many adrenaline.

Well, this week, we want show you

Xtreme Sports which we are very sure it

will like you so much. In this editon, you

will be read about sports like Skate, Long-


WingSuit,SnowBoard,BMX RED BULL,

Puentng, Rally Dakar, Parkour and Raftng.


Skate (Konrad)______________________Pag 1

Long (Konrad)_______________________Pag 2

Muay Thai (Konrad)__________________Pag3/4

Surf (Konrad)________________________Pag 5/6

Windsurf (Konrad)____________________Pag 7/8

Apnea (Dani)________________________Pag 9/10

Wingsuit (Dani)______________________Pag 11/12

Snowboard (Dani)____________________Pag 13/14

Bmx (Dani)__________________________Pag 15

Red Bull Rampage (Dani)______________Pag 16

Puenting (Guille)_____________________Pag 17/18

Dakar (Guille)_______________________Pag 19/20

Parkour (Guille)______________________Pag 21/22

Rafing (Guille)_______________________Pag 23/24

Skateboarding was first started in

the 1950s, when all across Califor-

nia surfers got the idea of trying

to surf the streets. No one really

knows who made the first board -

- instead, it seems that several

people came up with similar ideas

at the same time. Several people

have claimed to have invented

the skateboard first, but nothing

can be proved, and skateboarding

remains a strange spontaneous



These first skateboarders started

with wooden boxes or boards

with roller skate wheels slapped

on the bottom. Like you might

imagine, a lot of people got hurt

in skateboarding's early years! It

was a sport just being born and

discovered, so anything went. The

boxes turned into planks, and

eventually companies were pro-

ducing decks of pressed layers of

wood -- similar to the skateboard

decks of today. During this time,


skateboarding was seen as some-

thing to do for fun after surfing.

In 1963, skateboarding was at a

peak of popularity, and compa-

nies like Jack's, Hobie and Ma-

kaha started holding

skateboarding competitions. At

this time, skateboarding was

mostly either downhill slalom or


With the evolution of skateparks

and ramp skating, the skateboard

began to change. Early skate

tricks had consisted mainly of

two-dimensional freestyle mano-

euvres like riding on only two

wheels ("wheelie" or "manual"),

spinning only on the back wheels

(a "pivot"), high jumping over a

bar and landing on the board

again, also known as a "hippie

jump", long jumping from one

board to another, (often over

small barrels or fearless teena-

gers), or slalom. Another popular

trick was the Bertlemann slide,

named after Larry Bertelemann's

surfing manoeuvres.


Longboarding is the art/sport/hobby of riding

a long skateboard, from 24" to 80".

Longboarding has its roots in surfing, which

is why many longboards resemble surf boards.

Skateboarding in general evolved from

surfing in the 70s. Much of the success and

popularity of skateboarding is due to the

west coast, where skaters would skate in

empty pools. This style of skating still lives on

today, but in relative obscurity. Longboarding

started to become popular when these pool

skaters started to age. Utilizing these longer

skateboards let anyone, no matter their age

or skill level, enjoy skateboarding.


Disciplina surgida en Tailandia, la

cual se desarrolló ya que ésta se

hallaba constantemente en conflicto

bélico con reinos vecinos

como Birmania y Camboya. Por

esto, la ciudad se vio obligada a

que sus soldados pudieran manejar

con destreza las lanzas, espadas,

y la utilización del cuerpo

como un arma en situaciones de

combate a distancia corta. Técnicas

como las patadas, golpes con

el puño, rodillas, espinillas, codos

y ciertas maneras de derribar al

adversario, fueron desarrolladas

en ese entonces. Durante este pe-


riodo el muay thai era considerado

como un arte esencial, y

parte del currículum real para

poder aspirar al trono.

Durante los siglos siguientes, el

arte continuó evolucionando. No

fue hasta el reinado del rey Narai

(1604-1690), caracterizado por

ser una época de paz, cuando se

convirtió en deporte profesional.

Las peleas se efectuaban en un

espacio delimitado, consistente

en una cuerda sobre el piso formando

un cuadro para indicar el

área de combate. Las reglas eran

simples: pelear hasta que uno


quedara de pie, o que uno de los

dos se rindiera. No había limitaciones

en cuanto a peso, estatura

o edad, las aldeas competían unas

contra otras y se efectuaban



Debe empezar el combate con

un ritual. Este ritual consta de varios

pasos o en su mayoría de varios

rituales, los cuales sirven para

ahuyentar a los supuestos malos

espíritus para que el combatiente

tenga una buena actuación y

sobre todo, mantenga una conexión

con los supuestos maestros.

Estos supuestos maestros se

dicen que existieron en la antigüedad

y se deben contactar en la

actualidad para no salir del cuadrilátero

muerto y conservar la

vida. El ritual previo al combate

se llama wai kru.






Surfing is a surface water sport in which the

wave rider, referred to as a "surfer", rides on

the forward face of a wave, which is most

often carrying the surfer towards shore.

Waves suitable for surfing are primarily

found in the ocean, but can also be found in

lakes or in rivers in the form of a standing

wave or tdal bore. However, modern-day

surfing can also be done in man-made sources

such as wave pools and boat wakes.The

term "surfing" refers to the act of riding a

wave and not the form (with or without a

board) in which the wave is ridden. For instance,

the natve peoples of the Pacific surfed

waves on alaia, paipo, and other such

crafts on their belly, knees, and feet. Not to

menton, Bodysurfing, the act of surfing a

wave without a board, is considered by

some to be the purest form of surfing. That

much said, the more modern day definiton

of surfing tends to refer to when a surfer

rides a wave standing up on a surfboard,

which is referred to as stand-up surfing or

paddleboarding. Although, another prominent

form of surfing in the ocean today includes

bodyboarding, which refers to when

a surfer rides a wave either on the belly,

dropknee, or stand-up on a bodyboard.





Windsurfing is a surface water sport Some credit S. Newman Darby with Windsurfing can be said to strad-

that combines elements of surfing the origination of windsurfing by dle both the laid-back culture of

and sailing. It consists of a board 1965 on the Susquehanna River, surf sports and the more rules-

usually 2 to 3 metres long, with a Pennsylvania, USA when he invenbased environment of sailing. Al-

volume of about 60 to 250 liters, poted the "sailboard", which, incidenthough it might be considered a

wered by wind on a sail. The rig is tally, he did not patent.In 1964, minimalistic version of a sailboat,

connected to the board by a free-ro- Darby began selling his sailboards. A a windsurfer offers experiences

tating universal joint and consists of promotional article by Darby was that are outside the scope of any

a mast, 2-sided boom and sail. The published in the August 1965 edi- other sailing craf design. Wind-

sail area generally ranges from 2.5 tion of Popular Science magazine. surfers can perform jumps, inver-

m2 to 12 m2 depending on the con- While Darby's "sailboard" incorpoted loops, spinning maneuvers,

ditions, the skill of the sailor and the rated a pivoting rig, it was "square and other "freestyle" moves that

type of windsurfing being underta- rigged" and suffered all the associa- cannot be matched by any sailken.ted


boat. Windsurfers were the first

to ride the world's largest waves,

such as Jaws on the island of

Maui, and, with very few exceptions,

it was not until the advent

of tow-in surfing that waves of

that size became accessible to

surfers on more traditional surfboards.

Extreme waves aside,

many expert windsurfers will ride

the same waves as wavesurfers

do (wind permitting) and are

themselves usually very accomplished

without a rig on a conventional



At one time referred to as "surfing's ginger

haired cousin" by the sport's legendary

champion, Robby Naish,[7] windsurfing has

long struggled to present a coherent image of

the sport to outsiders. As a result of attempts

to claim the word "windsurfer" as a trademark,

participants have been encouraged to

use different names to describe the sport, including

"sailboarding" and "boardsailing".

The term "windsurfing" has persisted as the

accepted name for the sport, and the word

"windsurfer" persists for both participants

and equipment.

Windsurfing is predominately undertaken on

a non-competitive basis. Organised competition

does take place at all levels across the

world and typical formats for competitive

windsurfing include Formula Windsurfing,

speed sailing, slalom, course racing, wave sailing,

superX, and freestyle. These events are

exciting to watch as sailors push the limits

both physically and creatively with moves

that look as impossible as thinking them up

in the first place.


Windsurfing, as a sport and recreational

activity, did not emerge until the latter

half of the 20th century. But before this,

there have been sailing boats of various

designs that have used wind as the driving

force for millennia, and Polynesians have

been riding waves for many of them, undertaking

day trips over oceans standing

upright on a solid board with a vertical


In 1948, 20-year old Newman Darby was

the first to conceive the idea of using a

handheld sail and rig mounted on a universal

joint so that he could control his

small catamaran—the first rudderless sailboard

ever built that allowed a person to

steer by shifing his or her weight in

ordzto tilt the sail fore and af. Darby did

not file a patent for the sailboard. However,

he is widely recognized as its inventor

as well as the first to conceive, design,

and build a sailboard with a universalzjoint.

In his own words, Darby experimented

throughout much of the 1950s and

1960s and it wasn't until 1963.Windsurfing,

as a sport and recreational activity,

did not emerge until the latter half of the

20th century. But before this, there have

Freediving (or free-diving) is a form of underwater

diving that relies on a diver's ability

to hold his or her breath until

resurfacing rather than on the use of a breathing

apparatus such as scuba gear. Examples

include breath-hold spear fishing,

freedive photography, recreational breathhold

diving, apnea competitions, and to

some degree, snorkeling. The activity that

garners the most public attention is the extreme

sport of competitive apnea in which

competitors attempt to attain great depths,

times, or distances on a single breath.



Competitive freediving is currently governed

by two world associations: AIDA International

(International Association for Development

of Apnea) and CMAS (World

Underwater Federation). Most types of

competitive freediving have in common that

it is an individual sport based on the best individual

achievement. An exception to this

rule is the bi-annual World Championship

for Teams, held by AIDA, where the combined

score of the team members makes up

the team's total points. There are currently

nine disciplines used by official governing

bodies and a dozen disciplines that are only

practiced locally. In this article, the recognized

disciplines of AIDA and CMAS will be

described. All disciplines can be done by

both men and women and, while done outdoors,

no differences in the environment

between records are recognized any longer.

The disciplines of AIDA can be done both in

competition and as a record attempt, with

the exception of Variable Weight and No limits,

which are both done solely as record




Another variation on which studies are

being focused is the so-called wingpack,

which consists of a strap-on rigid wing in

carbon fibre.[8] It is a mix between a hangglider

and a wingsuit. The wingpack can

reach a glide ratio of 6 and permits transportation

of oxygen bottles and other material.

On 31 July 2003, the Austrian Felix Baumgartner,

jumping from 29,360 ft (9 km), successfully

crossed the English Channel in 14

minutes using a wingpack, having covered

over 35 km (21.8 mi).




Wingsuit flying is the sport of flying the

human body through the air using a special

jumpsuit, called a wingsuit, which adds surface

area to the human body to enable a

significant increase in lift. Modern wingsuits,

first developed in the late 1990s, create the

surface area with fabric between the legs

and under the arms. Wingsuits are sometimes

referred to as a birdman suit (after the

makers of the first commercially available

wingsuit), flying squirrel suit (due to their

resemblance to the animal. Squirrel is now

the name of a commercial wingsuit manufacturer),

or bat suit (due to their vague resemblance

to the animal or perhaps the

superhero).A wingsuit flight normally ends

with a parachute opening. So a wingsuit can

safely be flown from any point that provides

sufficient altitude for flight and parachute

deployment (normally a skydiving drop aircraft

or BASE jump exit point).

The wingsuit flier wears parachute equipment

designed for skydiving or BASE jumping.





Snowboarding is a winter sport that involves

descending a slope that is covered with

snow while standing on a board attached to

a rider's feet, using a special boot set onto a

mounted binding. The development of

snowboarding was inspired by skateboarding,

sledding, surfing and skiing. It was developed

in the United States in the 1960s

and became a Winter Olympic Sport in

1998. In 2002 competitive snowboarders

formed the World Snowboard Tour.

Snowboarding has been around since the

1920s, when boys and men would tie

plywood or wooden planks from barrels to

their feet using clotheslines and horse reins

in order to steer themselves down hills. Modern

snowboarding began in 1965 when

Sherman Poppen, an engineer in Muskegon,

Michigan, invented a toy for his daughter by

fastening two skis together and attaching a

rope to one end so she would have some

control as she stood on the board and glided



Shaun White

Shaun Roger White is an american

professional skateboarder

and snowboarder.He is a

two tme Olympic gold medalist.In

the last eleven years he

has won 28 gold medals, 6 silver

medals and 3 bronce medals.

Early Life

White was born in San Diego, California.

His ancestry includes Irish

and Italian. He was born with a Tetralogy

of Fallot, a congenital heart

defect for which he endured two

open-heart operatons before the

age of one. He stands 5'8" (1.73 m)

tall. White spent his formatve years

riding Okemo Mountain and Bear

Mountain, small ski resorts found in

Ludlow, Vermont, and the San Ber-

nardino Mountains of Southern California.




White has partcipated in two

Winter Olympics in his career. At

both the 2006 and 2010 Winter

Olympics, White won gold in the

snowboard halfpipe event. White

has also partcipated in the Winter

X Games, where he has won a

medal every year since 2002. Including

all winter X Games compettons

through 2009, his medal

count stands at 15 (10 gold, 3 sil-

ver, 2 bronze), among which is

the first quadruple win streak by

a male athlete in one discipline,

the .


Bicycle motocross or BMX is the sport of racing bicycles in motocross The 1972 motorcycle racing do-

style on tracks which use an inline start and have obstacles, and also recumentary On Any Sunday is gefers

to the bicycle itself, which is designed for dirt and motocross nerally credited with inspiring the

cycling.BMX began in the early 1970s when children began racing their movement nationally in the Uni-

bicycles on dirt tracks in southern California, inspired by the motocross ted States; its opening scene

stars of the time. The size and availability of the Schwinn Sting-Ray and shows kids riding their Sting-Rays

other wheelie bikes made them the natural bike of choice for these off-road. By the middle of that de-

races, since they were easily customized for better handling and perforcade the sport achieved critical

mance. BMX racing was a phenomenon by the mid-1970s. Children were mass, and manufacturers began

racing standard road bikes off-road, around purpose-built tracks in Cali- creating bicycles designed espefornia.cially

for the sport.

George E. Esser founded the National

Bicycle League as a nonprofit

bicycle motocross

sanctioning organization in 1974.

Before they set up the NBL, Esser

and his wife, Mary, sanctioned

motorcycle races with the American

Motocross Association

(AMA). Their two sons, Greg and

Brian, raced motorcycles, but also

enjoyed riding and racing BMX

with their friends. It was their

sons’ interest, and the lack of

BMX organizations in the East,

which prompted Esser to start the

NBL in Florida.


Red Bull



The Red Bull Rampage is an invite-only freeride

mountain bike competton held near

Zion Natonal Park in Virgin, Utah, USA, just

to the north of Gooseberry Mesa. Previously

it was held off the Kolob Terrace Road, on

the western boundary of Zion Natonal

Park.[1] The competton was held from

2001–2004 and then canceled due to the increasing

risk compettors were taking. The

Rampage however was re-introduced for

the 2008 season. In 2010, the event was

held October 1–3.

The event is similar to freestyle skiing and

snowboarding, where compettors are judged

on their choice of lines down the

course, their technical ability and the complexity

of tricks. For the 2008 event wooden

features have been introduced to what has

previously been a 'Natural' only course.

Bungee jumping is an activity that involves

jumping from a tall structure while connected

to a large elastic cord. The tall structure

is usually a fixed object, such as a building,

bridge or crane; but it is also possible to

jump from a movable object, such as a hotair-balloon

or helicopter, that has the ability

to hover. When the person jumps, the cord

stretches and the jumper flies upwards

again as the cord recoils, and continues to

oscillate up and down until all the energy is


The highest jump

In August 2005, AJ Hackett added a

SkyJump to the Macau Tower, making

it the world's highest jump at 233 metres

(764 f).The SkyJump did not qualify

as the world's highest bungee as it

is not strictly speaking a bungee

jump, but instead what is referred to

as a 'Decelerator-Descent' jump, using

a steel cable and decelerator system,

rather than an elastic rope.On 17 December

2006, the Macau Tower started

operating a proper bungee jump,

which became the "Highest Commercial

Bungee Jump In The World" according

to the Guinness Book of




The Dakar Rally is an annual Dakar Series rally raid

type of off-road race, organised by the Amaury Sport

Organisaton. Most events since the incepton in 1978

were from Paris, France, to Dakar, Senegal, but due to

security threats in Mauritania, which led to the cancellaton

of the 2008 rally, the 2009 Dakar Rally was run

in South America.It was the first tme the race took

place outside of Europe and Africa.[1] It has stayed in

South America from 2009 to the present (2013).[2][3]

The race is open to amateur and professional entries.

Amateurs typically make up about eighty percent of

the partcipants.

Despite its 'rally' name, it is an off-road endurance

race, properly called a rally raid rather than a conventonal

rally. The terrain that the compettors traverse

is much tougher and the vehicles used are true offroad

vehicles rather than the modified on-road vehicles

used in rallies. Most of the compettve special

sectons are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel

grass, rocks and erg among others. The distances of

each stage covered vary from short distances up to

800–900 kilometres (500–560 mi) per day.The three

major compettve groups in the Dakar are the motorcycle

(moto) class (including quadbikes as one of

the sub-classes), the car class, (which ranges from

buggies to small SUVs) and the truck class.

Many vehicle manufacturers exploit the harsh environment

the rally offers as a testng ground and

consequently to demonstrate the durability of their

vehicles, although most vehicles are heavily modified

or purpose built.Over 190 different countries

take the internatonal feed of the event with a

roundup of every day being made into a 26-minute

programme. This has been commentated on by

Toby Moody for ten years, but Ben Constanduros

speaks on the 2011 editon.A television documentary

Race to Dakar described the experiences of a

team including the actor Charley Boorman in preparaton

for and entry into the 2006 Dakar Rally.

In 1982, Mark Thatcher, son of the then British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, along with his French codriver

Anne-Charlotte Verney and their mechanic, disappeared for six days. On January 9, the trio became

separated from a convoy of vehicles afer they stopped to make repairs to a faulty steering arm. They were

declared missing on January 12; afer a large-scale search, a Lockheed L100 search plane from the Algerian

military spotted their white Peugeot 504 some 50 km (30 mi) off course. Thatcher, Verney and the mechanic

were all unharmed.

The organiser of the rally, Thierry Sabine, was killed when his Ecureuil helicopter crashed at 07:30 p.m. on

Tuesday 14 January 1986, into a dune at Mali during a sudden sand-storm. Also killed onboard was the singer-songwriter

Daniel Balavoine, helicopter pilot François-Xavier Bagnoud, journalist Nathalie Odent and

Jean-Paul Lefur who was a radiophonic engineer for RTL.Six people were killed during the 1988 race, three

participants and three local residents. In one incident, Baye Sibi, a 10-year-old Malian girl, was killed by a

racer while she crossed a road. A film crew's vehicle killed a mother and daughter in Mauritania on the last

day of the race.


Parkour is not widely practiced in dedicated public

facilities. Although efforts are being made to create

places for it, some traceurs do not like the idea as

it is contradictory to Parkour's value of

freedom.Traceurs practice Parkour in both rural

and urban areas such as gyms, parks, playgrounds,

offices, and abandoned structures.

Parkou is a holistc training discipline using

movement that developed out of military

obstacle course training. Practtoners aim

to move quickly and efficiently through

their environment using only their bodies

and their surroundings to propel themselves,

negotatng obstacles in between.

They try to maintain as much momentum

as possible without being unsafe. Parkour

can include running, climbing, swinging,

vaultng, jumping, rolling, quadrupedal

movement and more, if they are the most

suitable movements for the situaton. Parkour

is non-compettve. It may be performed

on an obstacle course, but is usually

practced in a creatve (and sometmes

playful) reinterpretaton or subversion of

urban spaces.Parkour involves 'seeing'

one's environment in a new way, and imagining

the potentalites for movement

around it.Developed by Raymond Belle,

David Belle, Sébasten Foucan and others

in the late 1980s,Parkour became popular

in the late 1990s and 2000s through films,

documentaries and advertsements featuring

these practtoners and others.

There is no equipment required, although practtoners

normally train wearing light casual clothing like

comfortable running shoes, ones that are generally

light, with good grip and flexibility are

encouraged.Various sport-shoes manufacturers,

such as Nike, with its "Free run" shoes, have developed

shoes specifically for Parkour and Freerunning;

and many other companies around the world have

started offering Parkour-specific products.

There have been a few documentaries about Parkour

on major television networks. Jump London is

a 2003 documentary which explains some of the

background to Parkour and culminated with Sébasten

Foucan, Johann Vigroux, and Jérôme Ben

Aoues demonstratng their Parkour skills. Jump

London was followed by Jump Britain in 2005,

which featured Foucan and Ben Aoeus.


Rafts come in a few different forms. In

Europe and Australasia, the most common

is the symmetrical raft steered

with a paddle at the stern. Other types

are the asymmetrical, rudder-controlled

raft and the symmetrical raft with

central helm (oars) or Stern Mounts

with the oar frame located at the rear

of the raft. Rafts are usually propelled

with ordinary paddles and or oars and

typically hold 4 to 12 persons. In Russia,

rafts are often hand made and are

often a catamaran style with two inflatable

tubes attached to a frame. Pairs of

paddlers navigate on these rafts. Catamaran

style rafts have become popular

in the western United States as well,

but are typically rowed instead of paddled.Below

are the six grades of difficulty

in white water rafting. They range

from simple to very dangerous and potential

death or serious injuries.

Rafting or white water rafting is

the challenging recreational outdoor

activity of using an inflatable

raft to navigate a river or other

bodies of water. This is usually

done on white water or different

degrees of rough water, in order

to thrill and excite the raft passengers.

The development of this activity

as a leisure sport has

become popular since the mid-

1970s. It is considered an extreme

sport, as it can be dangerous.The

modern raft is an inflatable boat,

consisting of very durable, multilayeredsmall

as 1.5 metres (4.9 ft)

long and weigh as little as 4

pounds (1.8 kg).

White water rafting can be a dangerous sport, especially if basic safety precautions are not observed. Both

commercial and private trips have seen their share of injuries and fatalities, though private travel has typically

been associated with greater risk.[citation needed] Depending on the area, safety regulations covering

raft operators may exist in legislation. These range from certification of outfitters, rafts, and raft leaders, to

more stringent regulations about equipment and procedures. It is generally advisable to discuss safety measures

with a rafting operator before signing on for a trip. The equipment used and the qualifications of the

company and raft guides are essential information to be considered.Like most outdoor sports, rafting in general

has become safer over the years. Expertise in the sport has increased, and equipment has become

more specialized and increased in quality. As a result the difficulty rating of most river runs has changed. A

classic example would be the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon or Jalcomulco River in Mexico, which has

swallowed whole expeditions in the past, leaving only fragments of boats. In contrast, it is now run safely

by commercial outfitters hundreds of times each year with relatively untrained passengers.[1]Risks in white

water rafting stem from both environmental dangers and from improper behavior. Certain features on rivers

are inherently unsafe and have remained consistently so despite the passage of time. These would include

"keeper hydraulics", "strainers" (e.g. fallen trees), dams (especially low-head dams, which tend to

produce river-wide keeper hydraulics), undercut rocks, and of course dangerously high waterfalls. Rafting

with experienced guides is the safest way to avoid such features. Even in safe areas, however, moving water

can always present risks—such as when a swimmer attempts to stand up on a rocky riverbed in strong current,

risking foot entrapment.


Son Caliu

C/Castellon 40

Tel:971 69 96 96

Fax 971 69 95 15

Hour:8:00 - 13:00

The XGames is the place

to be if u are a fan of extreme

sports.The best of

the best come here to

show their skills.

Come check it out at:


Speed eating is a sport

in wich participants

consume large quantites

of food in short in a

short time period.


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