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I'r - Memorial University of Newfoundland

I'r - Memorial University of Newfoundland

I'r - Memorial University of

  • Page 3: POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN
  • Page 6 and 7: composition. Portions ofthe lake th
  • Page 8 and 9: TABLE OF CONTENTS . ABSTRAcr._._ _
  • Page 10: 6. CONCLUSIONS_._ _....._._._ _ ._
  • Page 13 and 14: FIGURE 3.104 CONfIGURATION OF ISOCH
  • Page 15 and 16: FIGURE 4 .2.12 SAMPLES AND PROMINEN
  • Page 17 and 18: fIGURE 5.3.1 DESCR1Pl1VE MODEL OF S
  • Page 19 and 20: APPENDIX B 3 _ T HEoerwt Of A PtUNC
  • Page 21 and 22: Ip » Ideno(l,2.3 cd)pyrene NIST =
  • Page 23: Figure L 1.1 The 16 parental polycy
  • Page 26 and 27: After release by the primary source
  • Page 28: decomposition processes (O'Malley e
  • Page 32: Figure 2.1.1 The Great Lakes draina
  • Page 35 and 36: ;: Duluth Chicago 1 J Lake Superior
  • Page 38 and 39: are the Black River, the Cuyaho ga
  • Page 41: Figure 1.1.5 The pattern of permane
  • Page 45 and 46: sedimentary basins, Western. Centra
  • Page 48: Figure 2. 1.8 Summer (July) air and
  • Page 52:

    Natural Resources: The lower Great

  • Page 57 and 58:

    American waters under the current U

  • Page 60 and 61:

    continuously overflowed com bined s

  • Page 63 and 64:

    3.1 EXPERIMENTAL 3. METHODS 3.1.1 S

  • Page 66 and 67:

    Table 3,1.1 Locations and types ofs

  • Page 68:

    Figure 3.12 Extraction and purifica

  • Page 72 and 73:

    hexane. 2) the unsaturated aliphati

  • Page 75:

    this problem. Ratios ofthe two stab

  • Page 78:

    Figure 3. 1.4 Configuration ofIsoch

  • Page 82 and 83:

    3.2.1 UNl- AND BIVAJUATE METHODS Th

  • Page 84:

    f igure 3.2. 1 Mean and range (± s

  • Page 87 and 88:

    utilized the same instrument (Isoch

  • Page 90 and 91:

    Selecting lIt1J'iahlu: It was demon

  • Page 92 and 93:

    w- _ 71

  • Page 95 and 96:

    seven variables with fewer missing

  • Page 97 and 98:

    analysis also employed a greate r n

  • Page 99:

    description. The second cluster ana

  • Page 104 and 105:

    elationships between different site

  • Page 107:

    Figure 4.1.3 Regression ofthree fir

  • Page 112:

    Figure 4.[.5 Isotopic composition (

  • Page 116:

    Figure 4.1.6 Weights ofvariables (c

  • Page 120:

    Figure 4.1.8 Distri bution ofsample

  • Page 123 and 124:

    those at the majority ofstations. S

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Ion, 969, 971, 357, 358). In additi

  • Page 129:

    Figure 4.2.3 Samples and prominent

  • Page 132 and 133:

    analysis supported some ofthc previ

  • Page 135 and 136:

    \ ryr " II ,- - , I , ">, ", Is , , >\ ryr " II ,- - , I ,

  • Page 137 and 138:

    11'

  • Page 139:

    sources (Fi g. 4.2 .5c). This compo

  • Page 143:

    Figure 4.2.7 The relative contribut

  • Page 146 and 147:

    ".1.1.2 Miring CllrIIU (isotopic co

  • Page 149:

    Figure 42.9 Samples and promin ent

  • Page 153:

    Figure 4.2.11 Samples and prominent

  • Page 157:

    Figure 4.2. 13 Samples and prominen

  • Page 161:

    Figure 4.2.15 Samples and prominent

  • Page 165:

    Figure 4.2.17 Samples and prominent

  • Page 168 and 169:

    It is difficult to differentiate be

  • Page 170 and 171:

    Figure 4.2.18 Weights ofvariables (

  • Page 172:

    Figure 42.19 Distribution ofsamples

  • Page 175 and 176:

    5.1 SPATIAL DI STRIBUTION s. DISCUS

  • Page 177:

    f igure 5.1.1 Zones coinciding with

  • Page 180:

    f igure 5. 1.2 Average and range (

  • Page 184:

    Figure 5.1.4 Zones (clusters) in th

  • Page 187:

    Figure 5.1.5 Direction ofthe mean s

  • Page 191 and 192:

    The location ofthe third station at

  • Page 193:

    Figure 5.1.7 Station locations and

  • Page 197:

    Figure 5.1.8 Station locations and

  • Page 201 and 202:

    5.1.4 and Section 4.1.2). This clus

  • Page 204:

    Figure 5.1.1 1 Statioo locations an

  • Page 208 and 209:

    unaffected by the contaminated flow

  • Page 211 and 212:

    this station is die clo$esf to the

  • Page 213 and 214:

    samples and sources (Fig. 52.1 and

  • Page 216 and 217:

    There is yet another observation po

  • Page 218 and 219:

    with the relative contribution ofdi

  • Page 221 and 222:

    Table S.l.1 Six dusters identified

  • Page 224 and 225:

    the three previous ly identified zo

  • Page 226:

    Figure 5.2.4 Station locations and

  • Page 229 and 230:

    contribution from petroleum related

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    (Fig. 4.2.7). Finally. this site co

  • Page 233 and 234:

    Snow melt and sewer releases seem t

  • Page 235 and 236:

    importance ofcombustion-derived PAR

  • Page 237 and 238:

    Intens ity o(degradation (the South

  • Page 239 and 240:

    where this importance is somewhat r

  • Page 241:

    Figure 5.2.5 Station tocatices andz

  • Page 244 and 245:

    :2 for molecular composition assume

  • Page 247 and 248:

    ange of Slatistica1 variat ion of t

  • Page 249:

    Figure 5.].1 Descriptive model ofso

  • Page 252 and 253:

    conveyed into the river through dir

  • Page 254 and 255:

    molecular composition. Its applicat

  • Page 256 and 257:

    Canton L. and Grimal t 1. O. (1992)

  • Page 258 and 259:

    Howell E. T., Marvin C. H., Bilyea

  • Page 260 and 261:

    Olson F. C. W. (l950) The currents

  • Page 263 and 264:

    Willett P. (1981) Similarity and cl

  • Page 266:

    t Apprndb AI. [cout.) bl S,.lioD A<

  • Page 271 and 272:

    Appendill A6. The two-component mas

  • Page 273:

    Appendix A7. (cont.) Xl. = X llVt r

  • Page 277:

    • ass

  • Page 281:

    Appendix 82. (cont.)

  • Page 285:

    Appendix IU. (cant.) oj Tue Dec 24

  • Page 290:

    AppendiI C3. (cont.) Coo c.eo lrati

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