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Roller Coasters

Roller Coasters

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Materials

Runway

Marble

Observe how the marble travels in the runway when it

is in different positions.

How can you make it go faster? Slower?

What happens to the marble when it travels through a

curve?

Can you make the marble go through a loop?

What happens to the marble when it travels through a

loop?

Students record their observations on the Marble

Runways activity sheet (p. 168).

What were the features that made this a

good roller coaster?

Materials:

10 runways – do not cut!

Marble

Cup

Metersticks

Stopwatch

Calculator

Thrill rating – it must have at least 1 loop, 1 curve,

and 1 drop. The more, the better!

Safety rating – the marble has to make it into the

cup placed at the end of the roller coaster.

Your group will present an overview of the features of

your roller coaster including the name and features;

and then demonstrate it for the amusement park

executives and insurance underwriters.

Speed = distance (cm)

time (sec)

We will record the speed on

a class data table.

Let’s build a

roller coasters!

present your

roller coaster

at…

Group Distance (cm) Time (sec) Speed (d/t)

1 633.5 cm 2.81 sec 225.44

cm/sec

2

3 644 cm 3.8sec 169.5

cm/sec

Standard 5-1: The student will demonstrate an

understanding of scientific inquiry, including the

foundations of technological design and the

processes, skills, and mathematical thinking

necessary to conduct a controlled scientific

investigation.

5-1.7 Use a simple technological design process to

develop a solution or a product, communicating the

design by using descriptions, models, and drawings.

K-4 Content Standard E: Science and Technology –

Abilities of Technological Design (NSES, p.137-138)

Identify a simple problem

Propose a solution

Implement proposed solutions

Evaluate a product or design

Communicate a problem, design, and solution

5-8 Content Standard E: Science and Technology –

Abilities of Technological Design (NSES, p. 165-166)

3-5.2 Compare the motion of common objects

in terms of speed and direction.

3-5.3 Explain how the motion of an object is

affected by the strength of a push or pull and

the mass of the object.

3-5.4 Explain the relationship between the

motion of an object and the pull of gravity.

5-5.1 Illustrate the affects of force (including

magnetism, gravity, and friction) on

motion.

5-5.2 Summarize the motion of an object in

terms of position, direction, and speed.

5-5.3 Explain how unbalanced forces affect the

rate and direction of motion in objects.

The

Millennium

Force

First continuous-circuit roller coaster

higher than 400 feet

First roller coaster to reach 120 mph

Highest drop of any roller coaster

Creating the design

Collecting the data

Analyzing the data

Social Skills

Works cooperatively in group

Participates without dominating

Modern

Family

Sophia Vergara

filming an

episode of

Modern Family

on location at

Splash

Mountain,

Disneyland

(Notice the

high heels in

her hands!)

http://www.fossweb.com/modulesK-2/index.html

www.learner.org/exhibits/parkphysics/

coaster/