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Handbook of Propagation Effects for Vehicular and ... - Courses

Handbook of Propagation Effects for Vehicular and ... - Courses

Handbook of Propagation Effects for Vehicular and ... -

A2A-98-U-0-021 (APL) EERL-98-12A (EERL) December 1998 Handbook of Propagation Effects for Vehicular and Personal Mobile Satellite Systems Overview of Experimental and Modeling Results Julius Goldhirsh * and Wolfhard J. Vogel # * THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, APPLIED PHYSICS LABORATORY 11100 JOHNS HOPKINS ROAD, LAUREL, MARYLAND 20723-6099 # THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH LABORATORY 10100 BURNET ROAD, AUSTIN, TEXAS 78758

  • Page 3: Acknowledgements This work was perf
  • Page 6 and 7: 5.6 Summary of Fade Duration Result
  • Page 9: Chapter 1 Introduction
  • Page 13 and 14: Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Backgrou
  • Page 15 and 16: Introduction 1-3 1.2.4 Chapter 5: F
  • Page 17 and 18: Introduction 1-5 1.2.11 Chapter 12:
  • Page 19: Chapter 2 Attenuation Due to Trees:
  • Page 22 and 23: Figure 2-8: Ratio of Attenuations v
  • Page 24 and 25: 2-2 Propagation Effects for Vehicul
  • Page 26 and 27: 2-4 Propagation Effects for Vehicul
  • Page 28 and 29: 2-6 Attenuation Coefficient (dB/m)
  • Page 30 and 31: 2-8 2.6 Seasonal Effects on Path At
  • Page 32 and 33: 2-10 Propagation Effects for Vehicu
  • Page 34 and 35: 2-12 Percentage of Distance Fade >
  • Page 36 and 37: 2-14 2.7.3 Scaling between L-Band a
  • Page 38 and 39: 2-16 Propagation Effects for Vehicu
  • Page 41: Chapter 3 Attenuation Due to Roadsi
  • Page 44 and 45: Figure 3-3: Relative K-Band signal
  • Page 47 and 48: Chapter 3 Attenuation Due to Roadsi
  • Page 49 and 50: Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:
  • Page 51 and 52: Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:
  • Page 53 and 54:

    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

  • Page 55 and 56:

    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

  • Page 57 and 58:

    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

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    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

  • Page 79 and 80:

    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

  • Page 81:

    Attenuation Due to Roadside Trees:

  • Page 85 and 86:

    Table of Contents 4 Signal Degradat

  • Page 87 and 88:

    Chapter 4 Signal Degradation for Li

  • Page 89 and 90:

    Signal Degradation for Line-of-Sigh

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Signal Degradation for Line-of-Sigh

  • Page 93 and 94:

    Signal Degradation for Line-of-Sigh

  • Page 95 and 96:

    Signal Degradation for Line-of-Sigh

  • Page 97 and 98:

    Signal Degradation for Line-of-Sigh

  • Page 99 and 100:

    Signal Degradation for Line-of-Sigh

  • Page 101 and 102:

    Signal Degradation for Line-of-Sigh

  • Page 103:

    Chapter 5 Fade and Non-Fade Duratio

  • Page 106 and 107:

    Figure 5-8: Best polynomial fit (5-

  • Page 108 and 109:

    5-2 Propagation Effects for Vehicul

  • Page 110 and 111:

    5-4 Propagation Effects for Vehicul

  • Page 112 and 113:

    5-6 Percentage of Fade Durations >

  • Page 114 and 115:

    5-8 Percentage of Fade Durations >

  • Page 116 and 117:

    5-10 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 118 and 119:

    5-12 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 120 and 121:

    5-14 5.10 Summary and Recommendatio

  • Page 123:

    Chapter 6 Polarization, Antenna Gai

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Figure 6-10: Path diversity gains a

  • Page 128 and 129:

    6-2 Propagation Effects for Vehicul

  • Page 130 and 131:

    6-4 High-Gain Antenna Fade (dB) 18

  • Page 132 and 133:

    6-6 Fade Reduction (dB) 6 5 4 3 2 1

  • Page 134 and 135:

    6-8 6.5.1 Joint Probabilities Propa

  • Page 136 and 137:

    6-10 6.5.3 Diversity Gain Propagati

  • Page 138 and 139:

    6-12 6.6 Satellite Diversity 6.6.1

  • Page 140 and 141:

    6-14 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 142 and 143:

    6-16 6.7 Conclusions and Recommenda

  • Page 145:

    Chapter 7 Investigations from Diffe

  • Page 148 and 149:

    Figure 7-10: Fade distributions at

  • Page 151 and 152:

    Chapter 7 Investigations from Diffe

  • Page 153 and 154:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 159 and 160:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 163 and 164:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 165 and 166:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 167 and 168:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 169 and 170:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 171 and 172:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 173 and 174:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 175 and 176:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 177 and 178:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 179:

    Investigations from Different Count

  • Page 183 and 184:

    Table of Contents 8 Earth-Satellite

  • Page 185:

    Table of Tables Table 8-1: Pertinen

  • Page 188 and 189:

    8-2 Propagation Effects for Vehicul

  • Page 190 and 191:

    8-4 SIGNAL LEVEL (dB) 5 0 -5 -10 -1

  • Page 192 and 193:

    8-6 SIGNAL LEVEL (dB) 4 2 0 -2 -4 -

  • Page 194 and 195:

    8-8 8.2.5 Frequency Dependence of P

  • Page 196 and 197:

    8-10 Relative Signal Level (dB) 4 2

  • Page 198 and 199:

    8-12 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 200 and 201:

    8-14 Relative Signal Level (dB) 0 -

  • Page 202 and 203:

    8-16 Signal Level Relative to Copol

  • Page 204 and 205:

    8-18 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 206 and 207:

    8-20 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 208 and 209:

    8-22 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 210 and 211:

    8-24 8.4.3 Distance and Frequency D

  • Page 212 and 213:

    8-26 Correlation Coefficient 1.0 0.

  • Page 214 and 215:

    8-28 Slope of Signal Level (dB/MHz)

  • Page 216 and 217:

    8-30 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 218 and 219:

    8-32 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 220 and 221:

    8-34 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 222 and 223:

    8-36 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 225 and 226:

    Table of Contents 9 Maritime-Mobile

  • Page 227 and 228:

    Chapter 9 Maritime-Mobile Satellite

  • Page 229 and 230:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 231 and 232:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 233 and 234:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 235 and 236:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 237 and 238:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 239 and 240:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 241 and 242:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 243 and 244:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 245 and 246:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 247 and 248:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 249 and 250:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 251 and 252:

    Maritime-Mobile Satellite Propagati

  • Page 253:

    Chapter 10 Optical Methods for Asse

  • Page 256 and 257:

    Figure 10-10: Cumulative fade distr

  • Page 258 and 259:

    10-2 10.2 General Methodology Propa

  • Page 260 and 261:

    10-4 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 262 and 263:

    10-6 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 264 and 265:

    10-8 10.5 Urban Three-State Fade Mo

  • Page 266 and 267:

    10-10 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 268 and 269:

    10-12 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 270 and 271:

    10-14 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 272 and 273:

    10-16 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 274 and 275:

    10-18 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 277:

    Chapter 11 Theoretical Modeling Con

  • Page 280 and 281:

    Table of Figures Figure 11-1: Proba

  • Page 282 and 283:

    11-2 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 284 and 285:

    11-4 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 286 and 287:

    11-6 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 288 and 289:

    11-8 Propagation Effects for Vehicu

  • Page 290 and 291:

    11-10 11.3.2.1 Discussion Propagati

  • Page 292 and 293:

    11-12 Usually, the K factor is quot

  • Page 294 and 295:

    11-14 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 296 and 297:

    11-16 Propagation Effects for Vehic

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    11-18 and [ 10 ( K ) ] Propagation

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    11-20 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 302 and 303:

    11-22 11.4.5.1 Discussion Propagati

  • Page 304 and 305:

    11-24 11.5.1 Single Object Models 1

  • Page 306 and 307:

    11-26 Propagation Effects for Vehic

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    11-28 11.5.2.2 Three-Dimensional Mo

  • Page 310 and 311:

    11-30 Propagation Effects for Vehic

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    11-32 Propagation Effects for Vehic

  • Page 315:

    Chapter 12 Summary of Recommendatio

  • Page 318 and 319:

    12.10.2 Probability Distributions a

  • Page 321 and 322:

    Chapter 12 Summary of Recommendatio

  • Page 323 and 324:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-3 the

  • Page 325 and 326:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-5 tha

  • Page 327 and 328:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-7 12.

  • Page 329 and 330:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-9 12.

  • Page 331 and 332:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-11 Di

  • Page 333 and 334:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-13 12

  • Page 335 and 336:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-15 12

  • Page 337 and 338:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-17 C

  • Page 339 and 340:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-19 12

  • Page 341 and 342:

    Summary of Recommendations 12-21 pr

  • Page 343:

    Index

  • Page 346 and 347:

    13-2 Doppler spectrum, 11-4, 11-29

  • Page 348:

    13-4 S Sandrin, W. A., and D. J. Fa

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