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MASTER OF URBAN DESIGN

MASTER OF URBAN DESIGN

MASTER OF URBAN

An Analytical Approach to The Urban Outdoor Lighting Quality of Residential Areas in İzmir By Rabia Çam A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate School in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF URBAN DESIGN Department: City and Regional Planning Major: Urban Design İzmir Institute of Technology İzmir, Turkey January, 2004

  • Page 2 and 3: We approve the thesis of Rabia ÇAM
  • Page 4 and 5: ABSTRACT The major aim of this stud
  • Page 6 and 7: LIST OF FIGURES Figure 2.1 Policy d
  • Page 8 and 9: Figure 4.8 Hierarchy in AHP........
  • Page 10 and 11: LIST OF TABLES Table 2.1 Lamp chara
  • Page 12 and 13: TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES .
  • Page 14 and 15: 3.2.8 Evaluation ..................
  • Page 16 and 17: 1.1. Definition of The Problem CHAP
  • Page 18 and 19: Outdoor lighting system is a specia
  • Page 20 and 21: standards and recommendations, cost
  • Page 22 and 23: determined existing design concept,
  • Page 24 and 25: Figure 2.1 Policy directions to fos
  • Page 26 and 27: Urban furniture according to their
  • Page 28 and 29: element is important. Lighting equi
  • Page 30 and 31: flexible and responsive approach fo
  • Page 32 and 33: The technological improvements for
  • Page 34 and 35: Figure 2.5. Light trespass (Source:
  • Page 36 and 37: Figure 2.7. Sky glow (Source: www.
  • Page 38 and 39: Consequently, The U.S. Department o
  • Page 40 and 41: of structural composition include h
  • Page 42 and 43: Energy use and operating and mainte
  • Page 44 and 45: At this point in time, high pressur
  • Page 46 and 47: Table 2.1. Lamp characteristics Wat
  • Page 48 and 49: Figure 2.9. Street section. (Source
  • Page 50 and 51: system installation cost with fewer
  • Page 52 and 53:

    . Galvanized: The types of poles ar

  • Page 54:

    Where cables are permanently instal

  • Page 57 and 58:

    attractive, effective and efficient

  • Page 59 and 60:

    visibility. Sudden or frequent vari

  • Page 61 and 62:

    experience of the city during the h

  • Page 63 and 64:

    Figure 3.6. View of the Place of Te

  • Page 65 and 66:

    Figure 3.9. The television power in

  • Page 67 and 68:

    area can be approached in a coordin

  • Page 69 and 70:

    -Height: In those rural areas where

  • Page 71 and 72:

    fixtures that are aimed at a buildi

  • Page 73 and 74:

    All outdoor lighting installations

  • Page 75 and 76:

    the balance between public safety a

  • Page 77 and 78:

    -Height: Mounting heights for pedes

  • Page 79 and 80:

    visual recognition. It also helps t

  • Page 81 and 82:

    -Height: “The maximum height of o

  • Page 83 and 84:

    -Design: There are five basic conve

  • Page 85 and 86:

    Table 3.3. Installation Design Reco

  • Page 87 and 88:

    -Design: The design standards shoul

  • Page 89 and 90:

    “Lighting designs should enhance

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Figure 3.21. The facade lighting ai

  • Page 93 and 94:

    a b c d e Figure 3.24. Lighting tec

  • Page 95 and 96:

    adding lenses to the fixtures.” (

  • Page 97 and 98:

    Tablo 3.4. Proposed illumination le

  • Page 99 and 100:

    econsider night-time safety criteri

  • Page 101 and 102:

    Consequently, the selected resident

  • Page 103 and 104:

    As it may be seen in Figure 4.3, İ

  • Page 105 and 106:

    outdoor spaces) and in most cases m

  • Page 107 and 108:

    Figure 4.6 The illumination of cent

  • Page 109 and 110:

    4.2. Analytical Study Phases The an

  • Page 111 and 112:

    Location 6. Illumination levels Me

  • Page 113 and 114:

    Table 4.3. Total lighting cost work

  • Page 115 and 116:

    Table 4.4 Luminaire cost (Source, T

  • Page 117 and 118:

    Unit cost per a kg: 153.430 TL 1 US

  • Page 119 and 120:

    of preference. There are three addi

  • Page 121 and 122:

    of alternatives that are to be comp

  • Page 123 and 124:

    management decision making process.

  • Page 125 and 126:

    In general, in solving Eq (2), we f

  • Page 127 and 128:

    4.3.1. Existing physical and amenit

  • Page 129 and 130:

    Roadway illumination has a uniform

  • Page 131 and 132:

    Table 4.11.Equipment characteristic

  • Page 133 and 134:

    used 250 Watt luminaires. These are

  • Page 135 and 136:

    4.3.2.1. Design Although the sample

  • Page 137 and 138:

    Moreover, the other problem for the

  • Page 139 and 140:

    Table 4.12.Equipment characteristic

  • Page 141 and 142:

    improved by the individual solution

  • Page 143 and 144:

    The sample area is limited as given

  • Page 145 and 146:

    Figure 4.24. The existing illuminat

  • Page 147 and 148:

    ightness that are not available for

  • Page 149 and 150:

    lighting schemes and poor visibilit

  • Page 151 and 152:

    Table. 4.14. The cost analysis of o

  • Page 153 and 154:

    Table. 4.15 The cost analysis of ou

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Table. 4.16. The cost analysis of o

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Table 4.17 Outdoor lighting cost co

  • Page 159 and 160:

    increases, sustainable energy use w

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Sense of place Aesthetic Uniformity

  • Page 163 and 164:

    a second questionnaire prepared for

  • Page 165 and 166:

    42% 10% Sense of place 12% 11% 37%

  • Page 167 and 168:

    0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,1 0 0,469 Figure

  • Page 169 and 170:

    approach. However, only one criteri

  • Page 171 and 172:

    CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION Outdoor space

  • Page 173 and 174:

    quality lighting. In Oyak and Evka

  • Page 175 and 176:

    Table 5.1. Synthesis of the criteri

  • Page 177 and 178:

    whole city. In addition, both direc

  • Page 179 and 180:

    IESNA, Lighting Handbook- 9th Editi

  • Page 181 and 182:

    Arefi M. “Non-Place and Placeless

  • Page 183 and 184:

    Sütütemiz N. and Bayram N., Depre

  • Page 185 and 186:

    Arifoğlu N., İstanbul Aydınlatma

  • Page 187 and 188:

    APPENDIX A Lighting Design Terminol

  • Page 189 and 190:

    APPENDIX B Enerji ve Tabii Kaynakla

  • Page 191 and 192:

    İlgili standartlar ve Uluslararas

  • Page 193 and 194:

    Dördüncü Bölüm Plan ve Projele

  • Page 195 and 196:

    Tablo E2. Değişik aydınlatma sı

  • Page 197 and 198:

    SAFETY&SECURITY SENSE OF PLACE CIRC

  • Page 199 and 200:

    Question 1 APPENDIX D.1 EVKA 3 Ques

  • Page 201 and 202:

    Question 1 APPENDIX D.3 Mavişehir

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