I . Inflation Rate For August 2000 By Group of Expenditures
And Inflation Rate for Calendar Year 2000.
Based on the calculation for 43 cities, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for August
2000 underwent increasing or an inflation by 0.51 %. The index of expenditure groups
those underwent increasing for this month namely prepared food, beverages, and tobacco
increased by 0.89 %, housing increased by 0.37 %, health increased by 0.44 %,
education, recreation, and sports increased by 9.63 %, and transport & communication
increased by 0.72 %. Meanwhile the expenditure groups index of foodstuff and clothing
underwent decreasing respectively by 1,87 % and 0,62 %.
The causes of the inflation in this month are the increase of several commodities
prices those also gave a share of inflation such as school fee (elementary school, senior
high school, and university), sugar, sweet bread, house contract, car, string bean, intercity
transport, wage of labor, noodle, apple, and citrus fruits. While commodities
underwent price decrease and gave a share of deflation were improved chicken meat,
shallots, improved hen egg, gold accessories, fresh fish, red chili, brick, tomato
(vegetable), small chili, and rice.
Due to the inflation happened in this month, the inflation rate for calendar year 2000
(January – August 2000) was 4.71 %, and the inflation rate for fiscal year 2000 (April-
August 2000) was 3.74 %
II. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) September 1999 – August 2000
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for August 2000 underwent increasing from
210.91 for July to be 211.99 for August, it means an inflation by 0.51 %. The
expenditure groups those underwent increasing in the CPI for this month namely
prepared food, beverages, and tobacco increased from 229.45 to 231.43 or an inflation by
0.86 %, housing increased from 176.06 to 176.71 or an inflation by 0.37 %, health
increased from 229.42 to 230.43 or an inflation by 0.44 %, education, recreation, and
sports increased from 178.51 to 195.70 or an inflation by 9.63 %, and transport &
communication increased from 183.37 to 184.69 or an inflation by 0.72 %. Meanwhile
the expenditure groups those underwent decreasing or deflation in the CPI for this
month namely foodstuff decreased from 251.39 to 246.68 or a deflation by 1.87 %, and
clothing decreased from 248.54 to 247.01 or a deflation by 0.62 %.
III The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) August 1999 – July 2000, (1993 = 100)
The Wholesale Price Index (WPI) of Indonesia by group of commodities for the
period of August 1999 to July 2000 generally indicated an increase.
On July 2000, all of the index of commodities groups showed increasing compared
to the previous month. The increase in WPI for agricultural was due to the price increase
of potato, peanut, vegetables, clove, chicken, and marine fish. The increase of mining
and quarrying group index was due to the price increase of stone, sand, coral/ gravel,
and lime. The increase of industrial commodities group index was due to the price
increase of rice, sugar, clove cigarette, lubricating oil, rubber SIR, tin, and gold. The
increase of import group index was due to the price increase of petroleum oil, pulp,
wrapping paper, fuel, machines for industry, generator & electrical motor, and
motorcycle (CKD) & spare parts . And the increase of export group index was due to the
price increase of dried coffee, frozen shrimp and tuna, crude oil, LNG, coal, textile,
cloth, plywood, essence oil, and LPG.
The WPI for July 2000 for agricultural, mining and quarrying, industrial, import,
and export commodities groups accordingly were 467, 236, 279, 327, and 503.
IV. The Farmer’s Terms of Trade (TOT) in Java by Provinces,
July 1999 - June 2000 , (1993 = 100)
During period of July 1999 - June 2000, by using 1993 as base year (1993=100) the
development of the Farmer’s Term of Trade (TOT) in four provinces in Java quite
fluctuated. In this period, the Farmer’s TOT in West Java and Yogyakarta were always
On June 2000, the farmer’s TOT in West Java, Yogyakarta, and East Java underwent
increasing compared to previous month. The increase of the Farmer’s TOT in the
province was due to the increase of price index accepted by the farmers higher
compared to the price index paid by the farmers especially for the increase of rice price
index group. The farmer’s TOT in the provinces of West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta,
and East Java accordingly were 103.3; 91.1; 114.5; and 101.3.
V. The Farmer’s Terms of Trade (TOT) in 10 Provinces Outside Java,
July 1999 – June 2000, (1993=100)
The Farmer’s TOT in 10 provinces Outside Java for period of July 1999 – June 2000
slightly fluctuated. In this period , The Farmer’s TOT in Aceh, North Sumatera, West
Sumatera, and Lampung was always under 100. On the other hand, in Bali, South
Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, and South Sulawesi were always above 100.
On June 2000, The Farmer’s TOT in Aceh, South Sumatera, Bali, West Nusa
Tenggara, South Kalimantan, and North Sulawesi indicated a decrease compared to
previous month. On the other hand, The Farmer’s TOT in North Sumatera, West
Sumatera, and Lampung indicated an increase. Meanwhile The Farmer’s TOT in South
Sulawesi was relatively stable. The Farmer’s TOT for May in the provinces of Aceh,
North Sumatera, West Sumatera, South Sumatera, Lampung, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara,
South Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, and South Sulawesi accordingly were as follows:
92.5; 85.3; 96.4; 96.2; 81.0; 125.9; 85.2; 118.4; 141.2 and 110.5.
VI. Oil-and-Gas Exports and Non-Oil-and-Gas Exports
January-July, 1999 and 2000
Oil&Gas Non Oil&Gas Oil&Gas Non Oil&Gas
The Export value for January-July 2000 was US$ 34 653.70 millions, consisting of US$ 7625.80
millions of oil-and-gas exports and US$ 27 027.90 millions of non-oil-and-gas exports. The total export
value increased by 33.68 % compared to the same period the year before. The oil-and-gas exports
increased by 64.95 %, and the non-oil-and-gas exports increased by 26.90 %.
The non oil-and-gas contributed 77.99 % to the total exports value. This contribution decreased
by 4.18 % compared to the period the year before. The oil-and-gas exports contributed 22.01 %.
VII. Non-Oil-and-Gas Export by Sectors
January-June, 1999 and 2000
The non-oil-and-gas export value was US$ 22 823.80 millions or increased by 27.29 %
compared to the same period the year before. The oil-and-gas export value increased by 72.38 %.
The contribution of the non-oil-and-gas to the total export value decreased from 82.68 %
(January-June 1999) to 77.90 % (January-June 2000).
The non-oil-and-gas decrease caused by the agricultural sector. It decreased by 16.76 %. This
decrease caused by the declining of prepared rubber, coffee and tobacco. The non-oil-and gas increased
by the industrial sector. The industrial sector increased by 34.80 %, especially for the commodities of
textile products, processed wood and electronics. Meanwhile, the mining sector decreased by 11.92 %,
the decreased were caused by copper and coal.
VIII. The Contribution of Manufacturing Product Exports Commodities to
The Total Manufacturing Products Export Value
The manufacturing product export value for the period of January-May 2000 was US$ 16 747.25
millions. This value increased 32.50 % compared to the same period the year before. The biggest Export
value for this sector was textile and textile product exports, which reached US$ 3 120.70 millions with
a contribution of 18.63 %. The Export of processed wood was US$ 1 512.71 millions with a
contribution of 9.03 %. Other distinguished manufacturing product export were as follows :
! Electronic goods with US$ 2 662.22 millions (15.90 %),
! Footwear with US$ 765.52 millions (4.57 %),
! Processed rubber US$ 557.41 millions (3.33 %),
! Non-precious metal products US$ 925.80 millions (5.53 %),
! Furniture with US$ 670.19 millions (4.00 %), and
! Vegetable oil with US$ 623.32 millions (3.72 %).
IX. The Distribution of Export Value by Economic Groups
Japan (21.96 %)
Middle East (3.32 %)
European Union (14.27 %)
NAFTA (14.91 %)
Other (6.83 %)
A P E C
ASEAN (17.60 %)
South Korea (7.61 %)
Other APEC (13.50 %)
The export values for the period of January-May 2000 by the country of destinations were as follows
! APEC with 75.58 % (US$ 18 145.57 millions), with the breakdown as follows :
! Japan with 21.96 % (US$ 5 272.37 millions),
! ASEAN with 17.60 % (US$ 4 224.67 millions), and
! NAFTA with 14.91 % (US$ 3 579.10 millions).
! European Union with 14.27 % (US$ 3 426.77 millions), and
! The Middle East with 3.32 % (US$ 798.07 millions).
Compared to the same period the year before, the percentage of the distribution of export values to the
APEC increased by 2.69 %; EU decreased by 1.37 %; and the Middle East decreased by 0.41 %. The
export value to the APEC increased by 37.59 % compared to the same period the year before. The export
value to the UE increased by 21.11 %; the Middle East increased by 18.10 %. The export value to the other
countries increased by 17.07 %.
X. The Export and Import Values to and from 7 Main Countries
January-May, 1999 and 2000
Export '99Import '99Export '00Import '00
U S A
The export values for the period of January-May 2000 by 7 main destination countries were as follows :
! Japan with the value of US$ 5 272.37 millions,
! The USA with the value of US$ 3 330.93 millions,
! Singapore with the value of US$ 2 560.78 millions,
! South Korea with the value of US$ 1 825.93 millions,
! Taiwan with the value of US$ 845.36 millions,
! The people’s republic of China with the value of US$ 1 111.06 millions, and
! Germany with the value of US$ 572.23 millions.
The export values to Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, The People’s Republic of China, Singapore, USA and
Germany increased by 43.92 %, 52.85 %, 36.29 %, 52.45 %, 43.28 %, 28.60 % and 20.78 % respectively.
The import values for the period of January-May 2000 by 7 main countries of origins were as follows :
! The USA with US$ 1 235.30 millions
! Japan with US$ 1 602.10 millions
! Germany with US$ 367.10 millions
! Singapore with US$ 1 471.10 millions
! South Korea with US$ 544.50 millions
! The People’s Republic of China with US$ 648.30 millions.
Indonesia experienced a trade surplus with Japan by US$ 3,670.27 millions, USA by 2,095.63 millions, Singapore
by US$ 1,089.68 millions, South Korea by US$ 1,281.43 millions, the People’s Republic of China by US$ 462.76
millions, Taiwan by US$ 462.96 millions and Germany by US$ 205.13 millions.
XI. Percentage of Import Values by Countries of Economic Groups
The Import value for the period of January-May 2000 increased by US$ 1 639.20 millions (17.01 %) compared
to the same period the year before. The total import values for January-May 2000 was US$ 11 277.50 millions
with the break down as follows :
! 69.69 % (US$ 7 858.90 millions) of which came from the APEC,
! 12.20 % (US$ 1 375.30 millions) of which came from the EU, and
! 9.69 % (US$ 1 093.00 millions) of which came from the Middle East.
Among the APEC countries the break down of the import values are as follows :
! ASEAN with 21.75 % (US$ 2 452.60 millions),
! NAFTA with 12.94 % (US$ 1 459.40 millions),
! Japan with 14.21 % (US$ 1 602.10 millions), and
! South Korea with 4.83 % (US$ 544.50 millions).
Indonesia experienced a trade surplus with the APEC by US$ 10,286.67 millions, and the European Union by
US$ 2,051.47 millions, but Indonesian a trade deficits with the Middle East by US$ 294.93 millions.
XII. The Exports and Imports by Commodity Groups
January-May, 1999 and 2000
1999 2000 1999 2000 1999 2000
Primary Fuel Manufacture
The most dominant import commodity was the manufacturing products with US$ 6 861.70 millions. The import
of primary goods was US$ 2 216.20 millions. The fuel import value was US$ 2 199.00 millions. For January-May
2000 the import of primary goods decreased by US$ 125.90 millions (5.38 %). Meanwhile, the fuel increased by
US$ 1 067.20 millions (94.29 %). The manufacturing products import values increased by US$ 697.70 millions
(11.32 %) respectively.
The manufacturing product export increased by US$ 4 803.65 millions (49.96 %) to US$ 14 418.38
millions. Primary goods increased by US$ 77.41 millions (2.22 %) to US$ 3 557.06 millions. Fuel including coal
increased by US$ 2 061.22 millions (54.36 %) to US$ 5 866.94 millions.
XIII. The Distribution of Foreign Visitors by 13 Main Entrance Gates,
January - July 2000
Ngurah Rai (34.89 %)
Mataram (0.39 %)
Juanda (2.42 %)
Tanjung Priok (1.53 %)
Adi Sumarmo (0.11 %)
Hasanudin (0.11 %)
Polonia (1.97 %)
Tabing (0.15 %)
Batam (27.93 %)
Soekarno-Hatta (25.00 %)
Sam Ratulangi (0.25 %)
Tanjung Pinang (4.42 %)
Entikong (0.82 %)
Foreign visitors entering Indonesia were through 71 entrance gates. However there are only
13 main gates monitored monthly, i.e, Soekarno-Hatta, Ngurah-Rai, Polonia, Batam, Juanda, Sam
Ratulangi, Entikong, Adi Sumarmo, Mataram, Tabing, Hasanudin, Tanjung Priok and Tanjung
Pinang. The number of foreign visitors arriving at these main entrance gates constituted around 82
% of total foreign visitors to Indonesia.
On the period of January-July 2000, the number of foreign visitors entering from the 13 main
entrance gates was 2,331,639. The highest number of foreign visitors is from Ngurah Rai, which is
34.89 % of the total number, followed by Batam and Soekarno-Hatta as much as 27.93 % and 25 %
respectively, as shown in the chart above. The number of foreign visitors entering from Adi Sumarmo
and Hasanudin airports were the smallest number which only reached 0.11 % respectively.
XIV. The Growth of Foreign Visitors in the 13 Main Entrance Gates,
June 1999 - July 2000
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul
Soekarno - Hatta
The number of foreign visitors to Indonesia from 13 main entrance gates in July 2000 reached
383,274. Compared to June, is 349,366 visitors there was an increase of 9.71 %. Such increase
occurred in Soekarno-Hatta, Ngurah Rai, Polonia, Juanda, Sam Ratulangi, Mataram, Hasanudin and
Tanjung Priok, with the highest increase is in Hasanudin gateway, 64.44 % followed by Selaparang
(44.65 %) and Polonia (17.75 %). On the other hand, the biggest decrease in percentage term was
experienced by Tabing gateway which reached 46.15 %, whereas the smallest decrease occured in
Batam gateway, namely 1.52 %.
The number of foreign visitors entering from the 13 main entrance gates for January-July 2000
was 2,331,639. There is an increase of 4.19 % compared to the same period in the year of 1999
(totalled to 2,237,928).
XV. The Occupancy Rate of Room of Classified Hotel
The progress of hotel industry can be seen from indicator, such as the occupancy rate of
room (ORR) and the average length of stay of guests. Monthly data presented here only cover data
on ORR of classified hotel in 10 provinces as main tourism destination areas, i.e., North Sumatera,
West Sumatera, DKI Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, DI Yogyakarta, East Java, Bali, North
Sulawesi and South Sulawesi.
ORR on June 2000 reached 46.40 % on average which was higher than ORR on May 2000
(45.29 % on average). The highest ORR is five-star hotels that is 59.37 %, while the lowest one is
in one-star hotels 39.65 %. Compared to other main tourism destination areas, Bali has the highest
ORR, that 62.94 %. Mean while, ORR in South Sulawesi only 16.65 % which is the lowest one.
XVI. Average Length of Stay of Foreign and Indonesian Guest
In Classified Hotel, June 2000
Average length of stay (ALS) of guests in classified hotels from 10 main tourism destination
areas in Indonesia is 2.39 days, which specified by ALS of foreign guest 3.61 days and ALS of
Indonesian guest 1.90 days. According to hotel classification, the highest ALS is in five-star hotels
which reached 3.91 days, whereas the lowest ALS is in one-star hotels which only reached 1.50 days.
The highest ALS of foreign guest experienced by four-star hotels which reached 4.33 days
and the lowest one experienced by three-star hotels which reached 2.62 days. Meanwhile, the highest
ALS of Indonesian guest experienced by five-star hotels which reached 4.71 days and the lowest one
experienced by one-star hotels which only reached 1.42 days.
In general, ALS of classified hotels in June 2000 is slightly lower than that of in May 2000
which reached 2.56 days, consist of ALS of foreign guest 3.91 days and ALS of Indonesian guest