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COLONIAL GEORGIA.pdf

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Chapter 6 – The Founding of Georgia<br />

Chapter 7 – Life of People in the Colonies


UNIT 3 VOCABULARY<br />

Parliament<br />

Trustee<br />

Backcountry<br />

French and Indian War<br />

Proclamation of 1763<br />

Headright System<br />

Plantation<br />

Indentured Servant<br />

Triangular Trade<br />

Slave Code


I. Founding of Georgia<br />

Robert Montgomery –<br />

first came up with the<br />

idea of founding a colony<br />

where Georgia is located.<br />

Was to be named<br />

“Azalea”


I. The Founding of Georgia<br />

Trustees – a group of 21<br />

people who obtained a<br />

charter to form Georgia<br />

in an attempt to make<br />

money. 20 of them<br />

stayed in England.<br />

James Oglethorpe – the<br />

founder of Georgia. He<br />

traveled to Georgia


The Founding of Georgia<br />

Boundaries<br />

Northern –Savannah<br />

River.<br />

Southern – Altamaha<br />

River.<br />

Western – Pacific Ocean<br />

(quickly became the<br />

Mississippi River)<br />

Eastern – Atlantic<br />

Ocean.


The Founding of Georgia<br />

Reasons of Colonization<br />

Defense – Georgia serves<br />

as a buffer zone.<br />

Charity – Georgia was to<br />

be a place for debtors to<br />

work off their debt.<br />

Economics – Georgia was<br />

to make money through<br />

silk production<br />

(mulberry trees)


The Founding of Georgia<br />

ALLOWED IN <strong>GEORGIA</strong> NOT ALLOWED IN <strong>GEORGIA</strong><br />

Economic success<br />

Religious freedom<br />

All ethnic groups<br />

Land for everybody<br />

Slavery<br />

Tobacco<br />

Rum<br />

Lawyers<br />

Catholics<br />

More than 50 acres of land


First Georgia Settlers<br />

The Voyage<br />

James Oglethorpe and<br />

114 settlers from<br />

England on the ship<br />

Anne.<br />

Very few of them were<br />

debtors.


Georgia’s First Settlers<br />

Georgia’s first settlement<br />

Savannah – divided into<br />

squares so that all<br />

people had equal<br />

amounts of land.<br />

Yamacraw Bluff –<br />

overlooks the Savannah<br />

River. Location where<br />

Savannah was built


The First Georgia Settlers<br />

CHIEF TOMOCHICHI –<br />

Chief of the Yamacraw<br />

Indians.<br />

Befriended James<br />

Oglethorpe and allowed<br />

the Georgia settlers to<br />

stay.<br />

Mary Musgrove served<br />

as a translator between<br />

the two. VIDEO


First Georgia Settlers<br />

HARDSHIPS<br />

Diseases<br />

Economics – mulberry<br />

trees are not successful<br />

Threats from Natives,<br />

Spanish, and French.


Georgia’s First Settles<br />

Salzburgers<br />

Founded the town of<br />

Ebenezer.<br />

Grew some mulberry<br />

trees and were very hard<br />

working. They opposed<br />

slavery and supported<br />

Oglethorpe’s ideas.<br />

They were Lutherans.


First Georgia Settlers<br />

War with Spain (War of<br />

Jenkins’ Ear)<br />

Two Forts built<br />

Fort Frederica – on the<br />

mouth of the Altamaha<br />

River to protect against the<br />

Spanish.<br />

Darien – Scottish<br />

Highlanders moved to<br />

Georgia to build a new fort<br />

and protect the colony.


First Georgia Settlers<br />

War with Spain cont.<br />

War of Jenkins’ Ear<br />

Oglethorpe attacked St.<br />

Augustine, Florida. He<br />

lost and retreated.<br />

Spanish attacked back at<br />

Fort Frederica.<br />

Battle of Bloody Marsh –<br />

won by the Georgia<br />

settlers and the Spanish<br />

retreated back beyond the<br />

St. Mary’s River


First Georgia Settlers<br />

James Oglethorpe –<br />

Because of the economic<br />

hardships of Georgia,<br />

people were mad about<br />

the rules laid out by James<br />

Oglethorpe. They were<br />

known as<br />

MALCONTENTS. They<br />

called him the<br />

PERPETUAL DICTATOR<br />

because he was a dictator<br />

that never stopped. They<br />

forced him to return to<br />

England.


Georgia Under Royal Rule<br />

John Reynolds –<br />

Georgia’s first royal<br />

governor<br />

Established self rule.<br />

Had to own land to vote.


Georgia Under Royal Rule<br />

Henry Ellis<br />

Worked hard to improve<br />

Georgia’s economy and<br />

defenses. Tried to<br />

increase slave use.


Georgia Under Royal Rule<br />

Sir James Wright<br />

Everybody liked him.<br />

Was governor when the<br />

revolution began.<br />

Georgia was slow to join<br />

revolution because they<br />

liked him.


Georgia Under Royal Rule<br />

French and Indian War<br />

Between the English<br />

and the French for<br />

control of North<br />

America. The Native<br />

Americans helped the<br />

French.<br />

Won by the English,<br />

which allowed England<br />

to colonize more of<br />

North America


MAP OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN<br />

WAR


Georgia Under Royal Rule<br />

Proclamation of 1763<br />

Told Settlers to stay on<br />

the Eastern side of the<br />

Appalachian<br />

Mountains.<br />

Made the St. Mary’s<br />

River the official<br />

southern boundary for<br />

Georgia.


Georgia Under Royal Rule<br />

Headright System<br />

100 acres of land to the head of a household plus 50<br />

acres for each person brought with them.<br />

Georgia now has more land available to settlers.<br />

Was a huge economic boost to the economy.


Three types of colonies<br />

New England Colonies<br />

Very little farming<br />

because of climate and<br />

soil.<br />

Education was<br />

important.


Three types of colonies<br />

Middle Colonies<br />

Some farming and some<br />

slaves.<br />

Grew crops like wheat<br />

and corn.<br />

Most eventually<br />

outlawed slavery.


Three Types of Colonies<br />

Southern Colonies<br />

Relied on slavery and<br />

agriculture.<br />

Very little emphasis on<br />

education


Life in the Georgia Colony<br />

Indentured Servants Slavery<br />

Came from Europe and<br />

worked for a set number of<br />

years in exchange for passage<br />

to the new world.<br />

Came from Africa and had to<br />

work their entire lives.<br />

Survived longer because<br />

conditions were better than<br />

in Africa.


Life in the Georgia Colony<br />

Education<br />

Took place in the home<br />

and in the church<br />

VIDEO


Life in the Georgia Colony<br />

Religion<br />

Church was the center<br />

of social life.<br />

John Wesley founded<br />

the Methodist church<br />

and spent time in<br />

Savannah.


Life in the Georgia Colony<br />

Triangular Trade Routes<br />

Colonists traded rum<br />

with Africa and Europe<br />

Then traded slaves to<br />

the West Indies (Middle<br />

Passage)<br />

Then traded sugar to<br />

other colonists<br />

Sugar<br />

Rum<br />

Slaves


SOME IMPORTANT NAMES TO<br />

King George<br />

Robert Montgomery<br />

Robert Cassell<br />

James Oglethorpe<br />

Mary Musgrove<br />

Chief Tomochichi<br />

John Reynolds<br />

Henry Ellis<br />

James Wright<br />

John and Charles Wesley<br />

KNOW

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