5 years ago

The Dutch Case

The Dutch Case


Introduction 12

1.1 Report Outline This report discusses a network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the North Sea, and is particularly aimed to inform Dutch stakeholders. 1 An MPA is most often defined as ‘An area of intertidal or subtidal terrain, together with its overlying waters and associated flora, fauna, historical and cultural features, which has been reserved by law or other effective means to protect part or all of the enclosed environment’. 2 MPAs can contribute to resilient ecosystems and protection of marine biodiversity in various ways. When designed and managed properly and combined with complementary measures, they can mitigate some of the negative effects of the most pressing issues in the North Sea: pollution, the introduction of alien species, climate change, overfishing and bycatch, damage and disturbance to species and habitats and spatial issues. This report explores the general concept of MPAs, implementation of MPAs in the North Sea under OSPAR (Convention on the protection of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic) and the European Birds and Habitats Directives (together forming the so-called Natura 2000 network of protected areas) and potential locations for these MPAs. The report discusses the fisheries management within MPAs under the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) as a management tool to provide the required protection within MPAs. This is followed by three case studies: Georges Bank (USA/Canada), Lundy Island (UK) and the MPA Network Approach of New Zealand. From this, Dutch stakeholders may extract potential lessons for the Netherlands regarding designation and implementation, benefits of and stakeholder involvement in a network of MPAs. World Wide Fund for Nature Netherlands gives four recommendations to North Sea Stakeholders, which need to be taken up in order to create an effective network of MPAs in the North Sea and to achieve optimal results for the conservation of biodiversity. North Sea beach in Zeeland, The Netherlands. The Dutch Case – A Network of Marine Protected Areas 3

Making the case for the sound management of Marine Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas in Europe and the United States United States
The EU policy framework and current status concerning marine - WWF
Rescuing the North and Baltic Seas: Marine Reserves ... - Greenpeace
IMARES Natura 2000 in the Dutch North Sea ... - Wageningen UR
Natura 2000 Presentation - Baltic Sea RAC
Natura sites in Scotland (SNH booklet) - Scottish Natural Heritage
Dutch clean technology nov 09 - Wereld Natuur Fonds
Dutch case study - European Climate Change Adaptation Conference
Striking a balance between biodiversity conservation and ...
Japan's Strategy for Conservation of Marine Biodiversity and ...
The start of a new era for EU biodiversity policy - European ...
Ospar Commission presentation (PDF Document) - UKELA
BBOP Pilot Project Case Study - Forest Trends
Marine Protected Areas: benefits and costs for islands - International ...
Compensatory Conservation Case Studies - Forest Trends