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diagnostic_feasibilty study for the management of forge pond granby ...

diagnostic_feasibilty study for the management of forge pond granby ...

diagnostic_feasibilty study for the management of forge pond granby

DIAGNOSTIC/FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF FORGE POND GRANBY, MASSACHUSETTS BAYSTATE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANTS NC /

  • Page 2 and 3: DIAGNOSTIC/FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR TH
  • Page 4 and 5: Costs of the initial management opt
  • Page 6 and 7: PAGE Alternative Treatment of Efflu
  • Page 8 and 9: LIST OF TABLES Table 1 Characterist
  • Page 10 and 11: LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 Regular Sa
  • Page 12: PART I DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION
  • Page 16 and 17: DATA COLLECTION METHODS Previous st
  • Page 18 and 19: FP-6 Outlet FP-3 Forge Pond Brook F
  • Page 20 and 21: Forge Pond Description LAKE AND WAT
  • Page 22 and 23: PUBLIC ACCESS AREA Figure 3. Bathym
  • Page 24 and 25: TABLE 1 CHARACTERISTICS OF FORGE PO
  • Page 26 and 27: 1 Cm = 300 m Forge Pond Town of Gra
  • Page 28 and 29: In the Town of Granby there is neit
  • Page 30 and 31: include ash, tuff and basalt intrud
  • Page 32 and 33: naming of the pond formed there as
  • Page 34: The pattern of land use in the wate
  • Page 37 and 38: Table 2 : Values of Monitored Param
  • Page 39 and 40: the lake bottom. In addition, there
  • Page 41 and 42: the former and sewage outfall in th
  • Page 43 and 44: Figure 7a. Temperature and Dissolve
  • Page 45 and 46: Figure 7c. Temperature and Dissolve
  • Page 47 and 48: percent saturation ranged between 2
  • Page 49 and 50: i-igure it. buppiemeniary sampling
  • Page 51 and 52: TABLE 3 (continued) SITE DATE COPE
  • Page 53 and 54:

    Parameters Site: 17 Date code: 1 Fl

  • Page 55 and 56:

    Table 4 continued. Parameters Flow

  • Page 57 and 58:

    phosphorus. The samples from the so

  • Page 59 and 60:

    SHORELINE CONDUCTIVITY (umhos/cm) I

  • Page 61 and 62:

    with a mean of 1.2 m (Table 2). Thi

  • Page 63 and 64:

    9 a w 9 0 Figure 11. Forge Pond Phy

  • Page 65 and 66:

    Density of Bottom Coverage by Aquat

  • Page 67 and 68:

    These wetlands provide a positive i

  • Page 69 and 70:

    egarding the possibility of stockin

  • Page 71 and 72:

    59% Figure 15. Forge Pond Fish - Nu

  • Page 73 and 74:

    esponsible. Captured fish generally

  • Page 75 and 76:

    Soft sediment underlain by sand exc

  • Page 77 and 78:

    The turbidity of the supernatant of

  • Page 79 and 80:

    TABLE 7 SUMMARY OF QUESTIONNAIRE RE

  • Page 81 and 82:

    TABLE 7 (Continued) Distance from u

  • Page 83 and 84:

    SITE DESCRIPTION TABLE 6 SAMPLING S

  • Page 85 and 86:

    Parameters Temperature (°C) Dissol

  • Page 87 and 88:

    TABLE 9 (Continued) Parameters Temp

  • Page 89 and 90:

    TABLE 9 (Continued) Parameters Temp

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Studies tracking nutrient concentra

  • Page 93 and 94:

    TABLE 10 PRECIPITATION DATA FOR THE

  • Page 95 and 96:

    30S Figure 19. Hydrologic Inputs to

  • Page 98 and 99:

    Phosphorus NUTRIENT BUDGET Export c

  • Page 100 and 101:

    NUTRIENT SOURCE LAND USE: Residenti

  • Page 102 and 103:

    TABLE 15 PHOSPHORUS LOAD TO FORGE P

  • Page 104 and 105:

    TABLE 16 NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS MA

  • Page 106 and 107:

    Source Bachelor Brook (FP- 1) Westo

  • Page 108 and 109:

    1. Average flow in upper Lampson Br

  • Page 110 and 111:

    has been constructed from the 1980

  • Page 112 and 113:

    This empirical equation was used to

  • Page 114 and 115:

    Phosphorus would be the logical tar

  • Page 116 and 117:

    DIAGNOSTIC SUMMARY Forge Pond is si

  • Page 118 and 119:

    PART II FEASIBILITY ASSESSMENT 107

  • Page 120 and 121:

    Available Techniques EVALUATION OF

  • Page 122 and 123:

    4. Provision Of Sanitary Sewers 5.

  • Page 124 and 125:

    There is no permanent summer therma

  • Page 126 and 127:

    conventional (and least costly) met

  • Page 128 and 129:

    SELECTION AND ASSESSMENT OF MANAGEM

  • Page 130 and 131:

    level of phosphorus removal on Lamp

  • Page 132 and 133:

    121 PROPOSED FOREST APPLICATION ARE

  • Page 134 and 135:

    Obviously, each land application sy

  • Page 136 and 137:

    the size of the proposed treatment

  • Page 138 and 139:

    A groundwater discharge permit issu

  • Page 140 and 141:

    Design of these elements can be exp

  • Page 142 and 143:

    2. Average Application Rates A port

  • Page 144 and 145:

    TABLE 20 PROPOSED COSTS PILOT PROGR

  • Page 146 and 147:

    The advantage is the versatility of

  • Page 148 and 149:

    WATERSHED MEASURES FOR LAKE MANAGEM

  • Page 150 and 151:

    One approach to implementing an eff

  • Page 152 and 153:

    effective to extend regulatory prot

  • Page 154 and 155:

    Watershed Residents' Practices This

  • Page 156 and 157:

    WATER LEVEL DRAWDOWN The dam and ou

  • Page 158 and 159:

    Figure 25, Location of Proposed Gab

  • Page 160 and 161:

    The last problem connected with a w

  • Page 162 and 163:

    MACROPHYTE BOTTOM BARRIERS One rela

  • Page 164 and 165:

    material, the screen should be appl

  • Page 166 and 167:

    TABLE 22. COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH MAC

  • Page 168 and 169:

    Introduction DREDGING Dredging in F

  • Page 170 and 171:

    Figure 29 Areas to be Dredged in Fo

  • Page 172 and 173:

    H/Ho Figure 30 FORGE POND LAKE BOTT

  • Page 174 and 175:

    Parameter Turbidity 1 Hour 2 Hours

  • Page 176 and 177:

    IS o. liege 165 Figure 32 PROPOSED

  • Page 178 and 179:

    Table 24. Representative Cutterhead

  • Page 180 and 181:

    Typically, a dredge traverses a lak

  • Page 182 and 183:

    tools, and supplies should be provi

  • Page 184 and 185:

    (i.e., bulldozers, bucketloaders, s

  • Page 186 and 187:

    Flexibility and cost considerations

  • Page 188 and 189:

    Conventional Excavation Costs The c

  • Page 190 and 191:

    FISHERY MANAGEMENT Contingent with

  • Page 192 and 193:

    RECOMMENDED MANAGEMENT APPROACH Aft

  • Page 194 and 195:

    Further, this technique represents

  • Page 196 and 197:

    These impacts provide a reduction o

  • Page 198 and 199:

    TABLE 28 (continued) Estimated Item

  • Page 200 and 201:

    FUNDING ALTERNATIVES Several source

  • Page 202 and 203:

    TABLE 30 LOCAL COSTS OF RECOMMENDED

  • Page 204 and 205:

    CONTACT AGENCIES Funding by the Mas

  • Page 206 and 207:

    Permit /Review/Approval Mass. Commi

  • Page 208 and 209:

    Environmental Notification Form ENV

  • Page 210 and 211:

    FEASIBILITY SUMMARY An evaluation o

  • Page 212 and 213:

    Table 31 (continued). Year 1992 Dra

  • Page 214 and 215:

    REFERENCES Anonymous. 1986. Belcher

  • Page 216 and 217:

    Lake Cochituate Watershed Associati

  • Page 218 and 219:

    Reynold, C.S. 1980. Phytoplankton p

  • Page 220 and 221:

    APPENDIX A Educational Information

  • Page 222 and 223:

    Educational information- 211

  • Page 224 and 225:

    concludes with a long (although inc

  • Page 226 and 227:

    SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS RELATING TO M

  • Page 228 and 229:

    8. On-site systems should be inspec

  • Page 230 and 231:

    Agricultural Best Management Practi

  • Page 232 and 233:

    Introduction BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTI

  • Page 234 and 235:

    BMP-3 STRIPCROPPING SYSTEMS A. Purp

  • Page 236 and 237:

    BMP-7 WATERWAY SYSTEM A- Purpose To

  • Page 238 and 239:

    BMP-11 PERMANENT VEGETATIVE COVER O

  • Page 240 and 241:

    BMP-14 TREE PLANTING A. Purpose To

  • Page 242 and 243:

    APPENDIX B Environmental Notificati

  • Page 244 and 245:

    ENVIRONMENTAL NOTIFICATION FORM I.

  • Page 246 and 247:

    F. Has this project been filed with

  • Page 248 and 249:

    P.5 2. Might the project significan

  • Page 250 and 251:

    9, Does the operation of the projec

  • Page 252 and 253:

    P.9 2. Arc there any sensitive rece

  • Page 254 and 255:

    APPENDIX C Comments by Interested P

  • Page 256 and 257:

    S. RUSSELL SYLVA Commissioner Kevin

  • Page 258 and 259:

    Massachusetts Historical Commission

  • Page 261 and 262:

    (5) develop a pilot program for for

  • Page 263 and 264:

    In reviewing the study the followin

  • Page 265 and 266:

    Mr. David Mitchell Baystate Environ

  • Page 267 and 268:

    THE NEW ENGLAND SMALL FARM INSTITUT

  • Page 269 and 270:

    - 2 - 13. Have alternative land app

  • Page 271 and 272:

    3. Because the success of this type

  • Page 273 and 274:

    QUESTIONNAIRE FOR WATERSHED RESIDEN

  • Page 275 and 276:

    Town of Granby Conservation Commiss

  • Page 277 and 278:

    The expected changes in lake depth

  • Page 279 and 280:

    268

  • Page 281 and 282:

    270

  • Page 283 and 284:

    SYMBOL A«A AgB AgC AmA Am 8 Au BaA

  • Page 285 and 286:

    274

  • Page 287 and 288:

    FLOW (CU.M/MIN) IN THE FORGE POND S

  • Page 289 and 290:

    PERCENT OXYGEN SATURATION IN THE FO

  • Page 291 and 292:

    AMMONIA NITROGEN (M6/L AS N) IN THE

  • Page 293 and 294:

    PH (S.U.) IN THE FORGE POND SYSTEM

  • Page 295 and 296:

    TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS (MG/L) IN TH

  • Page 297 and 298:

    BERKSHIRE ENVIRO-LABS, INC. CORNER

  • Page 299 and 300:

    BERKSHIRE ENVIRO-LABS, INC. CORNER

  • Page 301 and 302:

    \/\ •WOTir *- I .•naaliia* •

  • Page 303 and 304:

    GHE CONSiflT/NG ENGINEERS EtVyi/tQM

  • Page 305 and 306:

    294

  • Page 307 and 308:

    FECAL CQLIFORM TO FECAL STREPTOCOCC

  • Page 309 and 310:

    011686 ' TAX ON BACILLARIOPHYTA Mel

  • Page 311 and 312:

    041584 TAX ON BACILLARIOPHYTA Aster

  • Page 313 and 314:

    051386 TAXQN BACILLARIQPHYTA Aster

  • Page 315 and 316:

    041786 TAX ON BACILLARIOPHYTA Aster

  • Page 317 and 318:

    071586 TAXON CHLOROPHYTA : : 1 Chla

  • Page 319 and 320:

    081386 TAX ON BACILLARIOPHYTA Syned

  • Page 321 and 322:

    CHLOROPHYTA CHRYSQPHYTA CRYPTOPHYTA

  • Page 323 and 324:

    102186 TAX ON BACILLARIOPHYTA Aster

  • Page 325 and 326:

    121784 ' TAXON BACILLARIOPHYTA Ni t

  • Page 327 and 328:

    Common Wetland Species in Belcherto

  • Page 329 and 330:

    318

  • Page 331 and 332:

    Calculations of Flow for Upper Lamp

  • Page 333 and 334:

    Calculations for 7-day, 2 -year min

  • Page 335 and 336:

    Calculation of Internal Phosphorus

  • Page 337 and 338:

    Calculations of Total Phosphorus \n

  • Page 339 and 340:

    Annual Flow under Wet Conditions in

  • Page 341 and 342:

    Projected Loads following feasibili

  • Page 343 and 344:

    Forqe Pond Calculations Soft Sedime

  • Page 345 and 346:

    334

  • Page 347 and 348:

    336

  • Page 349 and 350:

    Attenuation - The process whereby t

  • Page 351 and 352:

    Cyanophyte - Bluegreen algae, algae

  • Page 353 and 354:

    laboratory they are defined as all

  • Page 355 and 356:

    Lotic - Flowing, moving. Refers to

  • Page 357 and 358:

    Photic Zone - Illuminated zone, sur

  • Page 359 and 360:

    Substrate - The base of material on

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