Procedings at the appeal court in Viborg Karen Anderskone of Vittrup and the cook Kirsten Joergens of Estrup village were sentenced for witchcraft at Malt District Court. But the law ordered that no one sentenced for witchcraft could be executed if the sentence was not confirmed by the noble judges at the appeal court in Viborg. This picture of an appeal court is from the book Glossarium Juridico-Danicum from 1641. The Danish Royal Library.
Tenant farms and tied labour The soil was economic basis for the manor farms. Prior to the agricultural reforms at the late 18 th century the arable land was divided between the manor farm and the peasants. The land of the squire was sited adjacent to the manor, while that of the tenants was located adjacent to their villages. Tenant farmers were copyholders and paid rent in various ways for instance by villainage. Initially the tenant paid a sum for the tenancy and subsequently a yearly rent either in cash or in kind. Tenant farms located near the manor were to provide labours services, so-called villainage. Peasants located further away and with a long walking distance paid instead of villainage a further sum of money. Peasants were expected to provide their own horses to draw the heavy wheeled ploughs. Reaping was carried out using scythes or sometimes sickles, which caused less wastage. The numbers of tenant farms which belonged to the two manors of Estrup and Soenderskov varied according to the period in question. In 1785, when both manors still were in possession of their tenant farms, Estrup had 100 tenant farms and 35 smallholders while Soenderskov had 103 tenant farms, 14 smallholders, and 3 settlers. As a consequence of the agricultural reforms at the late 18 th century the tenant farms of both manors were sold, at Estrup during the years 1795-1805 and at Soenderskov during the years 1786-97.