What is “hardcorn”? “Hardcorn” means corn for bread grain, i.e. rye and barley (contrary to oats). Formerly a “barrel of hardcorn” was a unit for the value of farming land (a combination of the land area and quality). During the long period when barter was common a shared monetary standard was also required. It was decided to compare all goods to the value of so-called “hardcorn”. That was measured in barrels not to be mistaken with “barrels of hardcorn”. 1 barrel of hardcorn = 8 imperial bushels = (32 fjerdingkar) = 96 albums. Joergen Krag Portrait of the squire of Endrupholm, Joergen Krag. He sold the Holsted Mill to Thomas Juel, the building owner of Soenderskov in 1611. During the renaissance, the ruffs were so wide, that they jokingly were named “millstones”. Fragment of millstone Found in the basement of Soenderskov during the restoration 1986-91. Oven tool Lumps of dough were placed on the plate at the end of the handle and then placed in the preheated, deep bread oven. There the bread was baken by rays of heat from brick built walls and floor.
Maren Boelle’s purchases TheManors were self-sufficient with most foodstuffs, but they bought a few articles to the house-hold in the nearest market towns. Maren Boelle, lady of both Estrup and Soenderskov, had her own account with the grocer Hans Friis’ shop in Ribe. His account book is preserved, and that provide us with an insight into the purchases of a noblewoman in the first half of the 17 th century. Maren Boelle made 240 purchases during the 20 years she had an account with Friis. 83% of these were related to clothing: Fabrics, hooks, buttons, ribbons, strings, etc. Of the remaining purchases were 7% paper articles and 3% were assorted items (scions, roof tiles, knives, iron bars, etc.) 7 % only were related to purchases of food items. Salt was most important and indispensible for the household at the time, as salting was one of the few methods to preserve meat and fish. Maren Boelle bought mostly north Frisian beach salt, but she bought also a couple of barrels of fine salt from Lüneburg in Germany. In addition Maren Boelle bought hops for brewing of beer and also fish from Norway. More luxuriously she bought wines from grocer Friis, both red and white vines. Maren Boelle paid partly by cash and partly by provisions as grain, bullocks or sheep.