Dairies and fattening of Bullocks In older days the quantity of cattle breeding separated the manor farms from the surrounding tenant farms. As a rule the manor farm bred several times over the quantity of the tenant farms. One of the causes for the limited herds of cattle on the tenant farms was their lack of fodder during the winter. As a rule the animals were fed with hay only, no other fodder was available. The manor farms owned large meadows and could store sufficient fodder for their animals during the winters, but the tenant farms did not have the same opportunity. The cattle population at the manor farm comprised partly dairy cattle and partly bullocks. The dairy cattle provided milk for butter and cheese production, so Estrup as well as Soenderskov had dairies. Both manor farms had stables for the fattening of bullocks, which accounted for the prosperity of the manor farms. The feeding of bullocks in stables during the winters for export to German and Dutch cities was one of the privileges of Danish squires. Bullocks were one of Denmark’s most profitable exports, and the squires skimmed the cream of the milk by controlling the last link of the production. Estrup’s and Soenderskov’s bullocks were driven via Foldingbro to the town Ribe, where export duty was paid prior to further transport. The bullocs were driven via Foldingbro to the town Ribe (Ripen), where export duty was paid.
Milkmaid at the time of Maren Boelle Maren Boelle, the lady of Soenderskov 1620-48, paid for many of her purchases at the grocer by provisions, for instance butter. The Dutchman Govert Camphuysen painted this picture of a Danish milkmaid in Scandia at the time of Maren Boelle. Painting from the middle of the 17th century, private ownership. Milkmaids from Estrup Milkmaids from Estrup Manor, around the year 1900.