How we are Engaging Communities

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How we are Engaging Communities

A Whole of Community Framework for

Catastrophic Preparedness, Planning &

Response


“You can’t change big bureaucracies

until they have a disaster.”

- COL John Boyd

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Presentation Overview

Whole of Communities Principles

The Meta-Scenario

Centers of Gravity

Mass Search & Rescue

Identifying and Closing Response Deltas

Goals

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Whole of Community Principles

We must prepare for an unprecedented catastrophic event. A metadisaster

will demand that we are prepared to respond in nontraditional

ways, well beyond current Federal and State planning.

Saving and sustaining lives is our number one priority. No matter the

scale and magnitude of the crisis, we must be ready to effectively

respond in the first hours and days. Our focus must shift from

incidents to individuals and from processes to products.

Time is our biggest enemy. We need to stabilize the event within

the first 72 hours . Our campaign must focus on preparing and fully

empowering impacted communities and survivors to meet the

challenges following a meta-disaster.

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Whole of Community Principles,

cont’d

Our citizens are our force multipliers. Individuals and communities

are the most critical response and recovery assets present during the

initial hours and days following an event. We need greater inclusion

paths designed into our participatory planning & preparedness

activities.

It is essential that we engage all of our societal capacity. We need

to fully leverage trade associations, Non-governmental organizations

(NGOs), faith-based organizations (FBOs), private industry, and

social and fraternal organizations.

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


The Meta-Scenario

In order to anticipate catastrophic requirements and to avoid narrow

focus on a limited number of specific scenarios, the Whole Community

methodology is built upon a foundation of a meta-scenario consisting of

the maximum of maximum challenges across a range of scenarios:

No-notice event

Impact area

~7 million population

25,000 square miles

Several states and FEMA regions

190,000 fatalities in initial hours

265,000 citizens require emergency medical attention

Severe damage to critical infrastructure and key resources

Severe damage to essential transportation infrastructure

Ingress/egress options limited

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Centers of Gravity

These centers of gravity represent the highest priority essential

functions necessary for both saving and sustaining lives, and

stabilizing the site and the situation within 72 hours.

I. Situational Assessment

II. Public Messaging

III. Command, Control, & Coordination

IV. Critical Communications

V. Environmental Health & Safety

VI. Critical Transportation

Survivors Needs

I. On-Scene Security and Protection

II. Mass Search and Rescue Operations

III. Health and Medical Treatment

IV. Mass Care Services

V. Public & Private Services & Resources

VI. Stabilize and Repair Essential

Infrastructure

VII. Fatality Management Services

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Situational Assessment

Public Messaging

Critical Communications

Critical Transportation

Environmental Health &

Safety

Command, Control, &

Coordination

Enables Response - Objectives

Provide all decision makers with relevant information

regarding: A) the nature/extent of the hazard and B) status of

the response.

Deliver prompt, action-oriented public messages to A)

impacted communities, B) populations in and around the

impacted area who can assist in the response operations, and

C) the public.

Ensure basic communication among A)locals, states , regions

and Federal government & B) communications for the affected

communities, organizations and people.

Provide infrastructure access and transportation services for

response priorities, including evacuation of people and

delivery of urgent response services and resources.

Ensure event-specific environmental health and safety focused

guidance is disseminated and implemented to both affected

communities and responders.

Establish unified actions across the “whole of community” by any

means necessary. Provide Unity of Effort across A) the incident

command, B) the impacted /affected states, and C) the Federal

response.

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


On-Scene Security

&Protection

Mass Search & Rescue

Health & Medical

Treatment

Mass Care Services

Stabilize & Repair Essential

Infrastructure

Fatality Management

Services

Public & Private Services

& Resources

Survivor Needs-Objectives

Ensure a safe and secure environment for affected

communities and responders, and protect essential

infrastructure.

Deliver prompt search and rescue services to persons in

distress within the impacted area.

Conduct triage and provide emergency-level heath and

medical treatment to severely injured people within the

impacted area.

Provide essential mass care services to include life-sustainment,

with a focus on basic nourishment and temporary shelter to the

impacted population. Shelter 25% of the impacted population.

Stabilize damaged critical infrastructure to minimize cascading

threats to the population Nuclear Power Plants, refineries, etc.

Recover deceased and provide mortuary support for 190K.

Provide essential public and private services and resources to

the impacted population

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Centers of Gravity: Mass Search

Objective:

and Rescue

In the immediate aftermath of a multi-state catastrophic incident, deliver whole of

community search and rescue services to survivors in need, in order to save the

greatest number of endangered lives in the shortest time possible

Tasks:

Implement community-based search and rescue support operations plans,

engage volunteers to supplement on-site, local & regional Search and Rescue

(SAR) teams.

Leverage affiliate disciplines in the construction and industry trades to

supplement traditional search and rescue assets.

Rapidly locate, identify, and triage trapped survivors across the larger impact

area through effective coordination across enabling “Centers of Gravity”.

Provide timely SAR guidance to all potential responders, which may include

industry and trade groups, social and fraternal organizations, and survivors.

Synchronize deployment of local, regional, national and international teams.

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Metrics:

Mass Search and Rescue

Initiate community-based search and rescue support operations plans in

2 hours.

Draw down affiliate disciplines in the construction and industry trades to

supplement traditional search and rescue assets in 4 hours.

Rapidly locate, identify, and triage trapped survivors across the larger

impact area beginning in 6 hours.

Provide timely search and rescue (SAR) guidance to survivors, impacted

population, response community and media, via personal

communications tools in 6 hours

Synchronize and coordinate the integration of community-based SAR

volunteers with the deployment of local SAR teams in 2 hours.

Synchronize the integration of community-based SAR volunteers with the

deployment of arriving state and regional SAR teams in 8 hours.

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Identifying and Closing the Deltas

Traditional

Partnerships

Non-Traditional

Partnerships

Federal Response

Medical:

Crisis Standards

of Care

Legal:

Indemnifications

& Waivers

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Identifying and Closing the Deltas

Traditional Partnerships

Non-Traditional Partnerships

Federal Response

Medical:

Crisis Standards of Care

Legal:

Indemnifications & Waivers

• Established State/Local

Partnerships

• VOADs & Others

• Trade Associations/FBOs

•Private Sector/Social Organizations

•All focused on initial 72 hr.

response and recovery

• Crisis Standard of Care

• Reciprocity across borders

• Protections and Liabilities

• Civil/Criminal

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010


Fully involve States, Cities and the Public

in the “Whole of Community” initiative

Stand-up Stakeholder Engagement

Working Groups

Assess courses of action across the

“Centers of Gravity”

Refine existing Pre-scripted Mission

Assignments (PSMAs)

Pilot “Whole of Community” draft

products through NLE 2011 (NMSZ)

Short/Long-Term Goals

Short-Term

Goals

Implement national-level public

awareness campaign

Implement non-traditional (atypical)

solutions to minimize response

deltas

Incorporate “Whole of Community”

framework across both States and

UASI Regions

Craig Fugate October 20, 2010

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