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SUSTAINABILITY HANDBOOK


5 OUR RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGES:

PUT SUSTAINABILITY FIRST!

6 HOw TO USE THIS HANdBOOk

8 What Grundfos believes

10 wHAT GRUNdFOS wILL dO

11 CLIMATE ANd ENvIRONMENT

21 sustainable technoloGy / innovation

35 LEGISLATION

47 CONTENTS


CONTRIBUTE

to a Greener

FUTURE

FOR OUR PLANET

5

OUR RESPONSE

TO CLIMATE CHANGES:

PUT SUSTAINABILITY FIRST!

At Grundfos, we have an unyielding focus on developing and manufacturing new, sustainable

technologies to help alleviate the problems caused by climate change. We

strongly believe that it is our duty as business leaders to contribute to a greener future

for our planet in any way that we can.

In order for the building industry to move in the right direction, we have to establish

a green dialogue across businesses and borders. This handbook is meant to help do

just that. Here, you can find the definitions and explanations of more than 50 terms

that are used in the climate debate worldwide. We hope it will help you navigate the

complex field of green terminology and give you a deeper understanding of its many

aspects.

our resPonse to cliMate chanGes: Put sustainability first!

5


HOw TO USE THIS HANdBOOk

The sustainability handbook is divided into three sections that each cover a set of

terms and definitions. The three sections are:

1. Climate and environment

2. Sustainable technology and innovation

3. Legislation

CHECk THE INdEX

The main focus of the handbook is on terms that are particularly relevant to our industry.

The definitions are arranged roughly by subject and the index will help you find

specific terms easily and quickly.

SOURCES:

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), International Energy Agency, European

Commission’s Directorate-General for the Environment, UK Carbon Trust, United

States Environmental Protection Agency, Danish Environmental Protection Agency,

EU legislation/Directives, the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative, Grundfos in-house

experts.

6 Grundfos sustainability handbooK hoW to use this handbooK

COvER

a set of terMs

ANd dEFINITIONS

IN 3 SECTIONS


wHAT GRUNdFOS BELIEvES

MAIN POINTS FROM THE GRUNdFOS POLICY ON THE CLIMATE CHALLENGE

At Grundfos, we base our policies on scientific facts. we believe that the world’s cur-

rent consumption patterns are unsustainable, and that action is required now – from

businesses, politicians, and individuals.

wE BELIEvE IN SCIENTIFIC FACTS

We base our sustainability policies on the latest, most credible scientific research. For

example, our position on climate change is in line with the official position of the IPCC

(the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). And we keep with the times: if

the scientific community adjusts their position, we will too.

wE THINk OF OvERALL SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES

We certainly believe that climate change is real, but it is just one part of the problem:

humanity cannot continue its current consumption patterns. There is a link between

energy usage, climate change, and water stress: when we act on one front, we help

on all.

wATER ISSUES ARE A SPECIAL PRIORITY

Grundfos quite naturally pays special attention to water-related issues. With water

stress on the rise, we can help by promoting energy efficiency, resource management,

and water conservation worldwide.

wE BELIEvE IN ACTING NOw

Action is required now. We at Grundfos are

doing our part. We will do even more. And

we will encourage everyone else – other

businesses, politicians, and individuals – to

be part of the solution, too.

wE BASE

our Policies

ON SCIENTIFIC

FACTS

8 Grundfos sustainability handbooK What Grundfos believes What Grundfos believes

9


wHAT GRUNdFOS wILL dO

In the Grundfos policy Sustainability First we have set up a range of goals to guide the

way for our company’s sustainability ambitions. These goals include:

• Continuing to create new sustainable products and solutions

• Encouraging a green mindset inside and outside of Grundfos

• Influencing the global agenda

• A promise to never emit more CO₂ than we did in 2008

• A long-term ambition to becoming CO₂ neutral

• Reducing our water consumption

• Reducing the energy consumption in our buildings

• Reducing our carbon footprint

• Reducing carbon emissions throughout the lifecycle of Grundfos products and

services

CLIMATE ANd ENvIRONMENT

AdAPTATION

alternative enerGy

ANTHROPOGENIC

CARBON

CARBON CREdIT

Carbon offsetting

10 Grundfos sustainability handbooK What Grundfos Will do cliMate and environMent 11

CLIMATE

CLIMATE CHANGE

CO2e

environMent

GHG

GLOBAL wARMING

Global WarMinG Potential

(GWP)

GREENHOUSE GASSES

IPCC

MITIGATION

NEXUS

RENEwABLE ENERGY

sustainable develoPMent

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY

wATER STRESS

ZERO IMPACT


CLIMATE ANd ENvIRONMENT

discussions on climate and environment issues involve a great deal of specific termi-

nology. Grundfos relies on the findings and definitions of the IPCC, which are globally

recognized. In some cases, however, the IPCC definitions may differ from local definitions.

AdAPTATION

The IPCC defines adaptation as the “adjustment in natural or human systems to a new

or changing environment.” It goes on to say that, “Adaptation to climate change refers

to adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic

stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.

Various types of adaptation can be distinguished, including anticipatory and reactive

adaptation, private and public adaptation, and autonomous and planned adaptation.”

Usually, “adaptation” basically means that you try to control environmental damage

rather than to treat the true root of the problem. Also see “Mitigation”.

ALTERNATIvE ENERGY

An umbrella term which means that you replace a (harmful) fuel source with an alternative

source of energy that does not have the same undesirable effect – for example,

replacing fossil fuels with wind turbines to avoid CO2 emissions. Note that the concept

of “alternative energy” usually does not include nuclear energy.

Grundfos will increasingly use alternative energy – specifically renewable energy – to

power our own buildings, factories, etc.

ANTHROPOGENIC

Literally “manmade”, i.e. something deriving from human activities.

Grundfos relies on scientific findings such as those of the IPCC. This means that we

believe that climate change is anthropogenic, i.e. linked to human behaviour.

CARBON

The word “carbon” is often used to refer to all the main greenhouse gasses (GHGs),

such as in the term “carbon footprint”. However, it may also refer to CO2 only – so make

sure you know what is referred to.

At Grundfos, the term “carbon” covers all the main greenhouse gases, i.e. carbon diox-

ide equivalents or CO2e. The main greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), meth-

ane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N 2O). Note, however, that Grundfos has no significant

methane or nitrous oxide emissions.

CARBON CREdIT

A carbon credit is a trading unit in the carbon market. One carbon credit equals to

one ton of CO2 (or, in some markets, CO2 equivalent gases). Carbon credits help regu-

late CO2e emissions, essentially on the principle that when emitting greenhouse gases

costs money, people will try to cut their emissions. Organisations, companies, and indi-

viduals can buy carbon credits to meet their targets and/or voluntarily promote lower

emissions – this is called carbon offsetting.

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) validates and measures projects to ensure

they produce authentic benefits and are genuinely “additional” activities that would

not otherwise have been undertaken. If we use carbon offsetting at Grundfos, we will

only support projects that have been properly validated.

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CARBON OFFSETTING

Carbon offsetting essentially means that you pay someone else to remove the GHGs

you emit from the atmosphere. For example, you can buy carbon credits and retire

them. You can also fund emissions-reducing projects, the most common of which

are renewable energy projects such as wind farms, biomass energy systems, or hydroelectric

dams. Other common project types include energy efficiency projects, the

destruction of industrial pollutants or agricultural byproducts, destruction of landfill

methane, and forestry projects.

At Grundfos, carbon offsetting is the last resort – we will always try to meet our ambitious

targets by optimising our processes and using renewable energy. When we do

carry out carbon offsetting, we always make sure that the projects we support have a

genuine impact and would not have happened without our support.

CLIMATE

Climate is not the same as weather and is just one part of our environment. The IPCC

uses this definition: “Climate in a narrow sense is usually defined as the “average

weather”, or, more rigorously, as the statistical description in terms of the mean and

variability of relevant quantities over a period of time ranging from months to thousands

or millions of years. The classical period is 30 years, as defined by the World Meteorological

Organization (WMO). These quantities are most often surface variables

such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. Climate in a wider sense is the state,

including a statistical description, of the climate system.”

CLIMATE CHANGE

According to the IPCC, climate change refers to any change in climate over time,

whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. This usage differs

from that in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),

where climate change is defined as: “a change of climate which is attributed directly

or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere

and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time

periods’.

At Grundfos, we believe that climate change due to human activity is so likely that we

must all act now.

CO₂e

stands for “carbon dioxide equivalents”. It is a measure used to compare the emissions

from various greenhouse gases based upon their global warming potential. Specifically,

it expresses how much a given greenhouse gas contributes to global warming by

stating how much CO2 would be required to achieve the same warming effect over 100

years. For example, methane (CH4) has 23 times the global warming potential of CO2,

while nitrous oxide (N2O) has approximately 300 times the potential of CO2.

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ENvIRONMENT

Our environment (or natural environment) consists of all living and non-living things

occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It encompasses: Ecological units

that function as natural systems without massive human intervention. Universal

natural resources and physical phenomena with no clear-cut boundaries, such as air,

water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not

originating from human activity.

Grundfos’ efforts to promote sustainability will help safeguard the environment. Par-

ticular emphasis is placed on energy conservation and water protection issues.

GHG

Short for greenhouse gases, i.e. the different gases that contribute to the greenhouse

effect/global warming. The IPCC defines them as follows:“Greenhouse gases are those

gaseous constituents of the atmosphere, both natural and anthropogenic, that absorb

and emit radiation at specific wavelengths within the spectrum of infrared radiation

emitted by the Earth’s surface, the atmosphere, and clouds. This property causes

the greenhouse effect. Water vapour (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O),

methane (CH4) and ozone (O3) are the primary greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere.”

According to the Kyoto protocol, the six most important GHGs emitted by

humans are:

• Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

• Methane (CH4)

• Nitrous Oxide (N2O)

• Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)

• Perfluorocarbons (PFCs)

• Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6)

GLOBAL wARMING

‘Global warming’ usually refers to the greenhouse gas effect caused by human activities.

Note, however, that there is also a natural greenhouse effect.

GLOBAL wARMING POTENTIAL (GwP)

Global warming potential (GWP) is a measure of how much a given mass of greenhouse

gas is estimated to contribute to global warming. It is a relative scale which

compares the gas in question to that of the same mass of CO2. See CO2e.

GREENHOUSE GASSES

See GHG.

IPCC

The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change) is a leading body for the assessment

of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment

Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the

world with a clear scientific view on the current state of climate change and its potential

environmental and socio-economic consequences. The IPCC reviews the work of

thousands of scientists to arrive at an objective assessment of the information currently

available.

When shaping our responses to climate change, we at Grundfos rely on the findings

of the IPCC. If their findings should be adjusted, our strategies will be adjusted accordingly.

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MITIGATION

The IPCC defines mitigation as: “An anthropogenic intervention to reduce the sources

or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases.” - which basically means things that human

begins do to cut emissions or store away GHGs.

Many of Grundfos’ long-term strategic objectives – e.g. promoting energy efficiency

and reducing our own emissions – are examples of mitigation.

NEXUS

A “nexus” is a link, bond, or connection.

RENEwABLE ENERGY

Renewable energy is energy generated from natural resources that are renewable

(naturally replenished) – such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal heat.

Grundfos will increasingly use renewable energy to power our buildings and activities.

We will also ensure that our solutions are compatible with renewable energy sources.

SUSTAINABLE dEvELOPMENT

Generally understood to be development that meets the need of present generations

without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their needs. Sustainable

development is also understood as progress that is continuous over time and valuable

both for people and environment.

At Grundfos, we, too, understand sustainable development as forms of progress that

meet the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet

their needs. The concept of sustainable development embraces our overall vision and

our business behaviour. At present, the world is not on a sustainable path of development.

We are spending 1.5 times more resources than our planet can provide. The UN

estimates that if we continue as usual, we will need 2.3 planets to support the population

of the earth by 2050.

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY

Sustainable energy means that energy is sourced in such a way that it meets our

present needs without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their needs.

According to some, the term may allow for the use of fossil fuels while new technology

is being developed, as long as new sources for future generations are also being developed.

Sustainable energy sources are most often regarded as including all renewable

energy sources, such as biofuels, solar power, wind power, wave power, geothermal

power and tidal power. It usually also includes technologies that improve energy efficiency.

Grundfos will increasingly source renewable energy to power our activities – and our

efforts to promote energy efficiency through our products and services have already

had a considerable impact on consumer patterns.

wATER STRESS

A term used to refer to a shortage of water (droughts, contaminated water) and/or a

surplus of water (e.g. floods).

At Grundfos, we help alleviate water stress by striving to conserve water and with our

solutions – LifeLink and SolarFlex as good examples. We also have solutions that support

rainwater harvesting, water recycling, etc.

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ZERO IMPACT

Literally means to have no adverse effect on the environment.

When e.g. buildings strive to have zero impact on the environment, Grundfos prod-

ucts such as our A-rated or solar-powered circulators can help minimise energy

consumption.

SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY / INNOvATION

20 Grundfos sustainability handbooK sustainability technoloGy/innovation 21

AUTOadapt

CARBON FOOTPRINT

carbon footPrint, Product

CARBON LABEL

CARBON NEUTRAL

CleanteCh

CRAdLE TO CRAdLE

Cradle to gate

CRAdLE TO GRAvE

CSR

dOwNCYCLING

EMBEddEd CARBON

EMISSIONS, dIRECT

eMissions, indirect

ENERGY AUdIT

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

ENvIRONMENTALLY FRIENdLY

essentiality assessMent

EXTENdEd PROdUCT APPROACH

GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS

Green lean

GREENwASHING

GreyWater recyclinG

LCA

LCC

LIFE CYCLE

life CyCle Cost

rainWater harvestinG

RECYCLING

SAvINGS

SHARED vAlUE

wATER FOOTPRINT


SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY / INNOvATION

All future R&d activities at Grundfos take sustainability into account. The terms

featured here are linked to how our products are designed, manufactured, used, and

retired.

AUTOADAPT

A patented function developed by Grundfos. Ensures that pumps automatically adjust

operation to the optimum performance curve, thereby lowering electricity consumption.

Originally created for the MAGNA range and now also available with AlPHA pumps,

AUTOADAPT automatically adjusts the differential pressure across the pump to match

current flow requirements. This means that the pump operates on the most efficient

performance curve at all times, maintaining an ideal balance between comfort and

efficiency.

CARBON FOOTPRINT

A carbon footprint is “the total set of GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions caused directly

and indirectly by an individual, organisation, event or product” (UK Carbon Trust 2008)

expressed as CO2eqv.

At Grundfos, we work to reduce the carbon footprint of our own business processes.

This involves our entire organisation, and we must all use our imagination to cut emissions

wherever we can. We also take an even wider view, so we are working to reduce

the emissions associated with the construction of our products all the way from cradle

to grave.

CARBON FOOTPRINT, PROdUCT

The total set of GHG emissions caused directly and indirectly by a specific product

expressed as CO2e.

At Grundfos, we will investigate and reduce carbon emissions over the entire lifecycle

of our products and services. When we map a product’s carbon footprint, we look at

the GHG emissions associated with the raw materials used, the production phase, the

user phase, and the disposal of the product.

CARBON LABEL

A carbon label (such as the one created by the UK Carbon Trust) shows a product’s

total greenhouse gas emission from “cradle to gate” (embedded carbon) or “cradle to

grave”. Emissions are shown in terms of grams of CO2e for the particular pack weight.

CARBON NEUTRAL

Strictly speaking, “carbon neutral” is a term used to describe fuels that neither contribute

to nor reduce the amount of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere.But the term

usually means that companies try to balance out their CO2 emissions, e.g. through:

1. Compensating for CO2 emissions caused by fossil fuels by generating a similar

amount of renewable energy, or by using only renewable energy.

2. Carbon offsetting, i.e. by paying others to remove or sequester CO2 from the atmosphere

for example by planting trees – or by funding carbon projects that prevent

future GHG emissions, or by buying carbon credits to remove (or ‘retire’) those credits

through carbon trading.

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CLEANTECH

A loosely defined term, cleantech generally means products and services that improve

performance, productivity, or efficiency while reducing energy consumption, waste,

pollution, costs, or input. Also known as “clean technology”. Note that this is not the

same as “greentech”

Solutions such as the NoNOx and BioBooster can be said to be examples of cleantech

offerings by Grundfos.

CRAdLE TO CRAdLE

Cradle-to-cradle is a specific kind of life cycle assessment where the final stage (end

of product life) is a recycling process. The recycling process gives rise to new, identical

products (recycling - e.g. glass bottles from collected glass bottles), or different products

(also known as downcycling – e.g. glass wool insulation created using collected

glass bottles).

In a wider sense, the cradle-to-cradle concept is a systemic approach and philosophy

inspired by nature’s systems (biomimicry). The objective is to use waste as input for

the creation of something new, thereby creating a system with no waste whatsoever.

CRAdLE TO GATE

Cradle-to-gate is a partial product life cycle assessment that extends from manufacture

(‘cradle’) to the factory gate (i.e. before shipping). The use and disposal phases are

usually omitted.

CRAdLE TO GRAvE

Cradle-to-grave is a full life cycle assessment from manufacture (‘cradle’) to use phase

and disposal phase (‘grave’). All inputs and outputs are considered for all the phases

of the life cycle. See the remark under cradle-to-gate above. Furthermore, we carefully

consider how our products and solutions can contribute to a more sustainable world

during the use and disposal phases – e.g. by making our products energy efficient and

easier to recycle or downcycle.

CSR

Short for “Corporate Social Responsibility”.

At Grundfos, we define corporate social responsibility as the way we integrate social

and environmental concerns into our business operations and in our interaction with

stakeholders on a voluntary basis. Our CSR activities contribute to sustainable development.

dOwNCYCLING

See Recycling, including the remarks.

EMBEddEd CARBON

The term “embedded carbon” is used to describe how the carbon footprint of a product

from ‘cradle-to-grave’ can be represented in terms of kg of CO2 per kg of product.

For example, The Carbon Trust in the UK has adopted a label which states a product’s

embedded carbon emissions in grams of CO2e for the particular pack weight.

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EMISSIONS, dIRECT

Direct emissions are the GHG emissions caused directly by an individual, event, organisation,

or product – for example GHGs rising directly out of a chimney. Direct emissions

include all pollution from manufacturing, company owned vehicles, reimbursed

travel, and any other directly controlled source. Note that the GHG protocol lists three

“scopes” for GHGs. Scope 1 covers all direct GHG emissions.

EMISSIONS, INdIRECT

These are GHG emissions caused indirectly by an individual, event, organisation, or

product. Indirect emissions include all emissions arising due to the activities of a company,

etc. and due to the use or purchase of a product. For example, if electricity delivered

from a power plant leads to emissions, these count as indirect emissions. The

emissions caused by the manufacturing of raw materials counts as indirect emissions

as well. Note that the GHG protocol lists three “scopes” for GHGs.

Scope 2 covers indirect GHG emissions from consumption of purchased electricity,

heat, or steam.

Scope 3 covers other indirect emissions, such as the extraction and production of

purchased materials and fuels, transport-related activities in vehicles not owned or

controlled by the reporting entity, electricity-related activities (e.g. T&D losses) not covered

in Scope 2, outsourced activities, waste disposal, etc.

ENERGY AUdIT

Energy Audits are analyses carried out by Grundfos staff at the client’s facilities. An

Energy Audit provides accurate calibrated data on flow measures, energy currently

used, the efficiency of pump installations, and more. Grundfos can then identify where

changes might save energy for the client.

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Ratio of energy output of a conversion process or of a system to its energy input.

Grundfos puts a lot of effort into creating solutions that are as energy efficient as possible

and we work to help our customers achieve greater overall energy efficiency. This

will become increasingly important in the future. Energy Efficiency covers aspects such

as:

Energy consumption during lifetime

• CO2 footprint

• Efficiency

• Efficiency at system level

• lCC

• Renewable energy

• Monitoring/operation optimization

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ENERGY LABEL

Energy labels are labels that inform consumers of the relative electricity consumption

of a particular product. Usually issued by government-approved organisations, they

are particular familiar from household appliances (refrigerators, etc.).

Grundfos was instrumental in introducing the European energy labelling scheme to

the world of pumps. The A-rated MAGNA and ALPHA pumps have created greater

awareness of the impact of having energy-efficient pumps, and the labelling scheme

has been an important driver in that process. Note that the EU energy label ratings

are becoming stricter; the changes are gradually implemented for various products

up to 2013.

ENvIRONMENTALLY FRIENdLY

Environmentally friendly is a term used to refer to goods and services, laws, guidelines

and policies designed to minimise harm to the natural world, e.g. by using biodegradable

ingredients. Synonyms include eco-friendly, nature friendly, and green.

ESSENTIALITY ASSESSMENT

An assessment that must be made when mapping the GHG emissions of a product or

company. The assessment makes you consider which aspects should be included in the

GHG mapping to ensure that the calculation is as accurate as possible without spending

disproportionate resources. The choices made should be in line with the overall

purpose of the mapping.

EXTENdEd PROdUCT APPROACH

The organisation Europump advocates taking an “extended product approach” when

making legislation on savings from water pumps – this is to say that you should include

the motor and controls. The extended product approach considerably extends

the scope of the expected potential savings. In the EU (EU27), for example, the expected

and published savings from a product approach to water pumps are 4.45 TWh per

year. By contrast, the extended product approach is predicted to bring annual savings

of 35 TWh in the EU.

Source: Europump comments on:“Working document on possible ecodesign requirements

for single stage end suction, vertical multistage and submersible multistage

pumps”, May 2008.

GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS

Systems that use the heat stored in the ground, e.g. for radiant heating.

Grundfos offers many solutions for geothermal systems. For example, SPN pumps are

capable of handling the highly corrosive geothermal water, and the VersaFlo pump can

circulate a glycol solution in a heat exchanger, thereby coupling geothermal mechanical

systems with radiant heat for energy efficiency and comfort.

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GREEN LEAN

“Lean” is a familiar management tool created to save time and resources in production;

“Green Lean” takes the same approach to energy and water resources, conserving

them as much as possible.

Grundfos uses the Green Lean approach to help reduce our carbon footprint and environmental

impact.

GREENwASHING

The act of making a product or service appear more environmentally friendly than it

really is.

GREYwATER RECYCLING

Greywater recycling means reusing water used in households – essentially all household

water except toilet water, which is known as blackwater. Greywater recycling systems

can take many forms, allowing the water to be reused for irrigation or even as

potable water for drinking and cooking.

Greywater recycling systems typically direct water from sinks, showers, and washing

machines to a separate holding tank, holding it back from the sewer system. It may

then be used directly for irrigation and toilet flushing, ideally after filtering, or can be

treated in a variety of ways to make it clean enough to drink. Grundfos offers a range

of solutions for different setups.

LCA

Short for Life Cycle Assessment: an analysis of a product’s environmental impact during

its entire lifetime (life cycle).

Among other things, a full LCA includes GHG emission mapping. However, a full LCA

also includes other environmental aspects, e.g. impact on the water environment.

LCC

See Life Cycle Cost.

LIFE CYCLE

When used in connection with products, “life cycle” refers to all the steps of a given

product’s life:

• raw materials (including transport)

• manufacturing

• transport

• use

• disposal

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LIFE CYCLE COST

The total cost of a given product or service throughout its lifetime. For end-users, this

refers to the total cost from the moment the product is first purchased up until it is

discarded – and includes e.g. maintenance, spare parts, and energy consumption.

RAINwATER HARvESTING

Rainwater harvesting means gathering (and, often, storing) rainwater. The rainwater

collected can be used for drinking water, for livestock, irrigation, or groundwater recharge.

Systems for rainwater harvesting can be small and simple or large and complex.

Generally, rainwater is harvested from the ground or a roof.

Grundfos offers a wide range of products suitable for rainwater harvesting. For example,

large tanks and CHI pumps can be used to collect rainwater from storm drains,

etc. and reused for irrigation. On a smaller scale, devices such as the Grundfos Pump

Genie can switch between rainwater and mains water for household use, always giving

priority to rainwater.

RECYCLING

Recycling means processing used materials into new products. This helps prevent

waste of potentially useful materials and helps reduce consumption of fresh raw

materials, reduce energy usage, air pollution (from incineration) and water pollution

(from landfilling) by reducing the need for “conventional” waste disposal, and helps

lower GHG emissions compared to virgin production. Recyclable materials include

many kinds of glass, paper, metal, plastic, textiles, and electronics.

In a strict sense, recycling a material would produce a fresh supply of the same material.

However, this is often difficult or too expensive (compared with producing the

same product from raw materials or other sources), so new materials (e.g. glass in

other shapes) are often produced instead.

Another form of recycling is the salvage of certain materials from complex products,

either due to their intrinsic value (e.g. gold from computer components), or due to

their hazardous nature (e.g. removal and reuse of mercury from various items).

At Grundfos, we strive to make our products as recyclable as possible – e.g. by creating

products with a modular design to facilitate easier reuse. While recycling in the strictest

sense is difficult to achieve for a company of our kind, we are investigating a range

of opportunities. Note that “reuse” is not exactly the same as recycling – it means that

the object is reused for its original purpose, e.g. milk bottles.

The term “downcycling” is sometimes used for recycling where the new materials created

are inferior to the materials originally sent for recycling.

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SAvINGS

Reductions in resource expenditure. Often expressed as a contrast between existing

and proposed solutions or between e.g. old and new technology.

SHAREd vALUE

The concept that the actions performed by a company can have value for the company

and for the society of which it is part.

wATER FOOTPRINT

The water footprint of a business – its corporate water footprint – refers to the total

volume of fresh water that is used directly and indirectly to run and support the business.

It consists of two components:

• The operational water footprint, i.e. the direct water use by the business in its own

operations

• The supply-chain water footprint, i.e. the water use in the business’ supply chain

Many businesses have a supply-chain water footprint that is much larger than the

operational water footprint. When consumers use the products from a business, there

can also be a water footprint in the end-use stage. This is part of the end-user’s water

footprint, but that does not mean that the business can withdraw from some responsibility

about what happens in the end-use stage.

LEGISLATION

34 Grundfos sustainability handbooK leGislation 35

breeaM

BUILdING COdES

carinG for cliMate

CCC MARk

CE MARk

etl MarK

EUP dIRECTIvE

europump

GHG PROTOCOL

Global coMPact

GLOBAL REPORTING INITIATIvE

Green star

GROwING wORLd

GROwTH, ECONOMIC

ie1, ie2, ie3

IEA

IPCC

iso 14001

LEEd

MarKs and certifications

OHSAS 18001

REACH

transParency

UN GLOBAL COMPACT

UN MILLENNIUM dEvELOPMENT

GOALS

UL MARk

Water ManaGeMent

wORLd BUSINESS COUNCIL FOR

SUSTAINABLE dEvELOPMENT

(wBCSd)


LEGISLATION

Legislation and building codes are growing stricter all around the world. The definitions

included here directly impact the way buildings are designed and the criteria on

which solutions should be chosen.

BREEAM

BRE Environmental Assessment Method. A method for environmental assessment

of buildings that considers a wide range of environmental and sustainability issues

and enables developers and designers to prove the environmental credentials of their

buildings to planners and clients.

BUILdING COdES

Rulesdeterminingtheminimumsafetylevelsforbuildings.Buildingregulationsincreasingly

specify limits on energy consumption, etc., to promote greater sustainability.

CARING FOR CLIMATE

“Caring for Climate” is a voluntary action platform for UN Global Compact participants

who wish to show leadership on the issue of climate change. The platform gives business

leaders the opportunity to advance practical solutions and help shape public

policy as well as public attitudes.

Grundfos is part of the Caring for Climate platform.

CCC MARk

Short for China Compulsory Certification mark. Since 1 August 2003, any domestic or

imported product sold in China must have received compulsory product certification

and bear the new CCC (China Compulsory Certification) Mark.

CE MARk

The CE mark is a mandatory conformity mark used on products within the European

Economic Area (EEA). The CE mark certifies that the product in question meets EU

consumer safety, health or environmental requirements. CE stands for “Conformité

Européenne”.

ETL MARk

The ETL mark is a product certification mark offered by Intertek, one of the so-called

NRTls (Nationally Recognized Testing laboratories) in the USA.

EuP dIRECTIvE

Short for the Energy Using Products Directive, also known as the Ecodesign Directive. A

major goal of the directive is to improve the energy efficiency of energy-using products

(EuPs), thereby contributing to reaching European targets for climate protection. The

directive not only covers the energy use of products; it aims to reduce the overall negative

environmental impact of the products under consideration. Originally adopted

in July 2005, the Directive was recently updated (2009/125/EC). The most important

change is that the Directive now not only covers “energy-using” products, but also

so-called “energy-related” products.

36 Grundfos sustainability handbooK leGislation

37


Main points to bear in mind in connection with the EuP Directive include: From 1

January 2013, glandless standalone circulators, (expect those specifically designed for

primary circuits of thermal solar systems and of heat pumps) must have an energy

efficiency index (EEI) of no more than 0.27 From 1 August 2015, glandless standalone

circulators and glandless circulators integrated in products must have an energy efficiency

index (EEI) of no more than 0.23.

For circulators, the Directive is based on these premises:

• Annual electricity consumption in the EU (EU27) is 50 TWh per year (2009)

• The estimated electricity consumption in the EU without legislation would be 55

TWh by 2020

• The estimated electricity consumption in the EU with legislation would be 32 TWh

by 2020

This means that the Directive implies electricity savings of 23 TWh in the EU by 2020,

which is comparable to the residential electricity consumption of 14 million people in

EU. This corresponds to estimated CO2 reductions of 11 million tonnes CO2 in the EU

by 2020. Fixed targets for water pumps are not yet determined. For EuP legislation on

motors, see Motors.

EUROPUMP

Europump is an industry association representing the European pump industry. Europump

provides expertise on technical and other pump industry-related issues, and is

a forum for exchange of pump industry-related information. It aims to be a source of

harmonised regulations for efficient and environment-friendly fluid pumping systems.

Europump actively promotes energy saving and environmental integrity.

See Extended product approach.

GHG PROTOCOL

The GHG protocol is a guide published by WBCSD. It describes a method for mapping

and reporting the climate impact of a company or organisation.(WBCSD=World Business

Council for Sustainable Development).

GLOBAL COMPACT

See UN Global Compact.

GLOBAL REPORTING INITIATIvE

The Global Reporting Initiative is a reporting framework that sets out principles and

indicators which organisations can use to measure and report their economic, environmental,

and social performance.

GREEN STAR

Green Star is a voluntary environmental rating system that evaluates the environmental

design and construction of buildings.

38 Grundfos sustainability handbooK leGislation

39


GROwING wORLd

When we speak of a “growing world”, we are referring to how the world’s population

is growing in numbers – but also to how the entire world population expects higher

standards of living, particularly in developing countries.

GROwTH, ECONOMIC

Economic growth is self-explanatory: An increase in trade and wealth in a given society.

Economic growth is traditionally linked to a corresponding growth in pollution,

GHG emissions, and so on. The challenge now is to break this link so that economic

growth can be sustainable.

IE1, IE2, IE3

IE codes are a measure of the efficiency class of motors. The new EN 60034-30:2009

gives a worldwide definition of the following efficiency classes of low-voltage threephase

asynchronous motors in the power range from 0.75 kW to 375 kW.

• IE1 = Standard Efficiency (comparable to EFF2)

• IE2 = High Efficiency (comparable to EFF1)

• IE3 = Premium Efficiency

The old European designations EFF3, EFF2 and EFF1 will not become void, but will gradually

disappear from the market.

The International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC, developed this energy efficiency

standard to resolve the problem of having different national standards for energy efficiency.

IEA

Short for The International Energy Agency. The IEA acts as energy policy advisor for the

governments of its 28 member countries and beyond. It aims to promote reliable, affordable

and clean energy for the world’s consumers. Founded in connection with the

1972-73 oil crisis, its original mandate was to coordinate measures in times of oil supply

emergencies. Now, it also focuses on energy efficiency, climate protection, energy

technology collaboration and on sharing its accumulated energy policy experience

with the rest of the world.

IPCC

The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change) is a leading body for the assessment

of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment

Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the

world with a clear scientific view on the current state of climate change and its potential

environmental and socio-economic consequences. The IPCC reviews the work of

thousands of scientists to arrive at an objective assessment of the information currently

available.

ISO 14001

An environmental management system that is part of the overall management system

of an organisation.The system encompasses organisational structure, planning

activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing,

implementing, achieving, reviewing and maintaining the company’s environmental

policy.

40 Grundfos sustainability handbooK leGislation

41


LEEd

LEED is an internationally recognised green building certification system. It offers

third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using

strategies aimed at improving performance in all the areas that matter most: energy

savings, water efficiency, CO2 emissions reduction, improved indoor environmental

quality, and care for resources and sensitivity to their impacts. LEED was developed by

the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). LEED can apply to all building types – commercial

and residential. It covers the entire building lifecycle – design and construction,

operations and maintenance, tenant fitout, and significant retrofit. LEED offers

building owners and operators a framework for identifying and implementing practical

and measurable green building design, construction, operations and maintenance

solutions. Other building standards include BREEAM and Green Star.

MARkS ANd CERTIFICATIONS

Different marks (showing that the product in questions meets local standards for safety,

health and environment regulations, etc.) and certifications are required in different

markets. Some are concerned with mechanical safety, others with electrical safety,

and still others have a more purely environmental aim.

Examples of marks include:

UL (North America)

CSA (North America)

ETL (North America)

CE (Europe)

CCC (China)

While some standards are originally European or North American, those marks are

widely accepted in other parts of the world as well.

Grundfos only markets products that meet or exceeds all applicable mandatory standards.

OHSAS 18001

An internationally recognised assessment specification for occupational health and

safety management systems.

REACH

Short for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances,

REACH is a European Community Regulation on chemicals and their safe use (EC

1907/2006). The law entered into force on 1 June 2007. Its objective is to improve the

protection of human health and environment.

TRANSPARENCY

Literally “something that can be seen through”. In a wider context, transparency implies

openness, communication, and accountability. Transparent procedures include

financial disclosure statements, audits, etc.

42 Grundfos sustainability handbooK leGislation

43


UL MARk

UL is short for Underwriters Laboratories Inc., a U.S. independent product safety cer-

tification organisation that develops standards and test procedures for products, materials,

components, assemblies, tools and equipment, chiefly dealing with product

safety. The Ul mark shows compliance with these standards. Ul is one of several NRTls

(Nationally Recognized Testing laboratories) approved for such testing by the U.S. Occupational

Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Also see ETl.

UN GLOBAL COMPACT

The United Nations Global Compact is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that

wish to align their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in

the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.

UN MILLENNIUM dEvELOPMENT GOALS

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development

goals that all 192 United Nations member states and at a number of international

organisations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. They include reducing extreme

poverty, reducing child mortality, ensuring environmental sustainability, and developing

a global partnership for development.

At Grundfos, we have committed ourselves to helping the global community reach

the goals outlined in the UN Millennium Development Goals. We do this through our

Innovation Intent, through new business such as Grundfos lIFElINK, and in our CSR

activities.

wATER MANAGEMENT

Monitoring, control and optimisation of the use of water. The aim is to protect finite

and vulnerable surface water and groundwater resources by limiting water use and

water pollution.

wORLd BUSINESS COUNCIL FOR SUSTAINABLE dEvELOPMENT (wBCSd)

A CEO-led, global association dealing exclusively with business and sustainable development.

The association numbers around 200 companies and focuses on energy and

climate development, on the role played by businesses, and the protection of ecosystems.

44 Grundfos sustainability handbooK leGislation 45


CONTRIBUTE

to a Greener

FUTURE

FOR OUR PLANET

CONTENTS

A

Adaptation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Alternative energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Anthropogenic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

AUTOADAPT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

B

BREEAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Building codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

C

Carbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Carbon credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Carbon footprint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Carbon footprint, product. . . . . . . . . . 23

Carbon label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Carbon neutral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Carbon offsetting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Caring for Climate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

CCC mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

CE mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Cleantech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Climate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Climate change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

CO₂e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Cradle to cradle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Cradle to gate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Cradle to grave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

CSR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

d

Downcycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

E

Embedded carbon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Emissions, direct. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Emissions, indirect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Energy Audit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Energy efficiency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Energy label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Environmentally friendly . . . . . . . . . . 28

Essentiality assessment . . . . . . . . . . . 28

ETL mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

EuP Directive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Europump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Extended product approach . . . . . . . . 29

contents

47


G

Geothermal systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

GHG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

GHG protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Global Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Global Reporting Initiative . . . . . . . . . 39

Global warming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Global warming potential (GWP) . . . . . 17

Greenhouse gasses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Green Lean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Green Star . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Greenwashing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Greywater recycling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Growing world . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Growth, economic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

I

IE1, IE2, IE3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

IEA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

IPCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

ISO 14001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

L

LCA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

LCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

LEED. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Life cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Life Cycle Cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

M

Marks and certifications . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Mitigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

N

Nexus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

O

OHSAS 18001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

R

Rainwater harvesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

REACH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Recycling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Renewable energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

S

Savings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Shared value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Sustainable development . . . . . . . . . . 18

Sustainable energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

T

Transparency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

U

UL mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

UN Global Compact. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

UN Millennium Development Goals . . . 44

w

Water footprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Water management . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Water stress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

World Business Council for Sustainable

Development (WBCSD) . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Z

Zero impact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

48 Grundfos sustainability handbooK contents

49


GRUNDFOS (IRelaND) ltD.

Unit A Merrywell Business Park

Ballymount Road Lower

Dublin 12

Ireland(IE)

Email: info-ie@grundfos.com

www.grundfos.com

The name Grundfos, the Grundfos logo, and the payoff Be–Think–Innovate are registrated trademarks owned by Grundfos

Management A/S or Grundfos A/S, Denmark. All rights reserved worldwide.

Being responsible is our foundation

Thinking ahead makes it possible

Innovation is the essence

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