# MATHEMATICS

MATHEMATICS

WHO IS IT FOR?

consultants, assessment

and subject coordinators

Pupils’ performance in the

2009 National Tests

WHAT IS IT FOR?

To provide teachers with

problematic areas where

pupils performed less well

in the 2009 National Tests

www.risingstars-uk.com

ORDER LINE:

0800 091 1602

IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING

AND LEARNING 2009

MATHEMATICS

IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING

MATHEMATICS

Every year Rising Stars commission an experienced Year 6 teacher to review the Key Stage 2 National Test

papers and pinpoint those areas where pupils performed less well.

This report outlines those areas that were identified as being problematic and makes suggestions for helping

pupils to address these difficulties. This summary should be used in conjunction with teachers’ and schools’ own

analysis of pupils’ performance in the National Tests and knowledge of the teaching that had prepared the

children for them.

MENTAL MATHEMATICS PAPER

Remember, this paper is worth 20% of the final marks and could easily be the difference between a level 3

and a level 4! Make sure children have plenty of practice answering mental maths questions. This will help to

reinforce their knowledge and skills and to develop expertise and confidence in this area.

In recent years, the number of key facts that children need to know has increased. The mental maths paper is

incorporating all of this, including: place value; decimals, fractions and percentages; measurement

conversions; and of course multiplication and division facts. It is not enough however, for your pupils to

know these facts. They also need to be able to apply them to various contexts as well as completing two or

more steps to each question. For example, they need to be able to use place value to multiply or divide and

then convert a measurement.

PAPER A (NON-CALCULATOR)

NUMBER

This is almost always linked to

problem solving or data, except

for the one multiplication and

one division calculation which is

included to assess whether

pupils can use appropriate

methods. Again, it is really

understand and know their key

facts. What is the relationship

between fractions, decimals and

percentages? How do you

convert one to the other? Money

always comes up as an area

within number, and pupils need

to be able to convert between

pounds and pence.

HANDLING DATA

This is always related to number.

Pupils need to show that they

understand a variety of charts

and graphs and that they can

The questions are rarely

straightforward. For example,

each question normally requires

two or more steps to answer it

and the question will link several

areas of mathematics.

SHAPE AND MEASURES

Every aspect of this attainment

target is covered from names

and properties, to coordinates,

area and perimeter, reflection

and length. Each question

overlaps the topics so pupils

need to be able to inter-relate

their knowledge and apply their

understanding. It is important

that pupils are taught how to

use tracing paper and mirrors for

these questions as this will save

time and confusion in the tests.

PAPER B (CALCULATOR)

NUMBER

This is always related to other areas of

mathematics and usually involves two or more

steps to answer the question. There has been a lot

of emphasis lately on percentages, fractions and

decimals, conversions of measurements and the

link between number and data. Calculations occur

throughout each question. Remember, pupils do

not always need to use a calculator to answer the

question, but they do need to know how to use

one. When money comes up in Paper B, pupils need

to show that they understand its place value and

can write down correctly the pounds and pence

when using a calculator to gain the answer. For

example, if the calculator shows 4.6 the answer to

be written is £4.60.

BORDERLINE PUPILS

LEVEL 3–4

For your pupils to achieve a level 4, make sure they:

• know their times tables (or know how to

calculate them quickly)

• can complete all four operations using a correct

method

• know how to use a calculator

• can interpret simple graphs and charts

• understand shape and its properties

• are able to solve simple one- and two-step

problems accurately.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

HANDLING DATA

The issues are similar to those identified for Paper

A. The emphasis is on being able to interpret a

variety of graphs and charts which use various

scales.

SHAPE AND MEASURES

The issues are similar to those identified for Paper

A. In 2009, questions covered angles, area and

quadrilaterals, as well as both 2-D and 3-D shapes.

The use of tracing paper and mirrors is very

important to reinforce key skills in answering

shape questions.

LEVEL 4–5

To gain a level 5, pupils need to be able to solve

multi-step problems usually relating to ratio,

measurements and angles. Make sure you

specifically teach how to answer a wide range of

level 5 questions as they are not always covered in

Year 6. Remember, on the mental maths paper the

level 5 questions come at the end of each section

(5 seconds, 10 seconds and 15 seconds).

• Know which questions are at which level in both the mental maths paper and the written papers. This will

• Use any equipment available – calculator (Paper B), mirror, tracing paper and ruler.

• Teach specific topics to your higher achievers so they can access the level 5 questions when they sit the test.

• Make sure your pupils know their key facts and can apply these to all areas of mathematics.

• Some topics come up every year: percentages, fractions, decimals, data, multi-step problem solving, area and

perimeter, and angles. Make sure all your pupils are well prepared to answer questions in these areas.

• Give your pupils plenty of opportunities to practice past questions from previous years’ papers. Getting used

to the format and the time limit is half the battle!

RESOURCES TO HELP IMPROVE YOUR PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN THE 2009 NATIONAL TESTS

ACHIEVE REVISION AND PRACTICE

The Achieve series of revision and practice books has been developed to raise attainment

in the National Tests.

• Covers all the Level 4 and Level 5 content your children need to master

• Hundreds of revision and practice questions from just £3.50

• Over 1 million copies sold!

• Also available for Science

From £3.50 per copy

ACHIEVE TRICKY BITS CD-ROM

Interactive whiteboard software for your revision and booster

classes that focuses on those question types that children get

wrong time and time again.

• 12 interactive lessons plus support material

• Ideal for revision and booster classes

• Model answers to real National Test questions

• Can be used on any whiteboard

£150 plus VAT (Permanent Site Licence)

ACHIEVE THE TRICKY BITS PRACTICE QUESTIONS BOOKS

Drawing upon the areas highlighted in this report, these

practice questions books are ideal for further consolidation,

practice and homework.

• Hundreds of unique practice questions at Level 4 and 5

• Answers to all questions are included

• Focuses on those topics that children find

particularly difficult

• Just £2.50 per book (in packs of 15)

• Also available for Science

£2 per book

FULL DETAILS AND SAMPLE PAGES ARE AVAILABLE ON OUR WEBSITE WWW.RISINGSTARS-UK.COM

TO ORDER CALL 0800 091 1602 | FAX 0800 091 1603 | EMAIL CUSTCARE@RISINGSTARS-UK.COM

IFTM

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