Sentence combining

janson.lea40

Sentence combining

Sonnenschein & Whitehurst

1 23-9-03

Speaker Listener

Critiquing


Sonnenschein Winterhurst Model

2 23-9-03

Participant:

Speaker

Observing

&

Critiquing

Participant:

Listener


Some conditions

Observe & Evaluate both partners

Same, Observe only

Observe & Evaluate listener or speaker only

3 23-9-03


S&W: Observation versus Participation

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

4 23-9-03

Speaking Listening Criticism

Observation & Evaluation both, Feedback

Participant (L, S), self-evaluation (feedback)


S&W: Effect of Evaluation

100

95

90

85

80

75

70

65

60

55

50

5 23-9-03

Speaking Listening Criticism

Observation & Evaluation both, Feedback

Observation both (Feedback)


6 23-9-03

Psychology and Writing

Learning to Write


Bandura, Zimmerman, Schunk

Observation

Emulation

Self-control

Self-regulation

7 23-9-03


Zimmerman & Kitsantas: Kernel

sentences

He flew with the same inner control.

He flew through heavy sea fogs.

He climbed above them.

The climb was into dazzling clear skies.

Every other gull stood on the ground.

Every other gull knew only the mist.

8 23-9-03


Z&K: Successful Solution

He flew with the same inner control through

heavy sea fogs and climbed above them

into dazzling clear skies; while every other

gull stood on the ground, knowing nothing

but the mist and rain.

9 23-9-03


Z&K: Strategy taught

1. Circle all of the words standing for new ideas in each sentence;

2. cross out the words that refer to the same thing;

3. combine all of the circled words into written phrases about the

same thing;

4. number the phrases in order of importance, and,

5. build the final sentence around the most important phrases and

insert less important phrases where they belong using connecting

words (e.g., but, and, although, because, etc.).

10 23-9-03


Design

Observation No model Mastery Coping

Practising

Feedback

11 23-9-03

No Yes No Yes No Yes


Z&K: Effect of Type of Model

Eefct size

12 23-9-03

3

2,5

2

1,5

1

0,5

0

Effect No Model-Mastery Effect No Model-Coping


Z&K: Effect of Practice

13 23-9-03

4

3,5

3

2,5

2

1,5

1

0,5

0

-0,5

No

model

Mastery Coping No

model

Mastery Coping

No feedback Feedback

Effect of Practice

Effect of Model

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