Ethnobotany of small agricultural systems in Mantiqueira's Mountain ...

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Ethnobotany of small agricultural systems in Mantiqueira's Mountain ...

Ethnobotany of small agricultural

systems in Mantiqueira’s Mountain

region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

Tatiana Mota Miranda

UNESP Rio Claro


Introduction to Institution

• UNESP –São Paulo State University

• Municipality: Rio Claro

• State: São Paulo

• Doctoral student: Plant Biology (4th • Focus: Ethnobotany

year)

Ecology and Botany Departments


Project context


Study area:

‐ Conceição dos Ouros (MG)

‐ rural areas (17 communities; 2500 inhabitants)

small agricultural systems –diversified

production (rice, beans, maize, potato, coffe, milk...)

‐ cassava cultivation:

‐ local and improved varieties

‐ subsistence and starch flour –“polvilho”

‐ 25 factories of starch flour


City - Conceição dos Ouros Rural area

Agricultural Systems


Cassava cultivation

Cassava –variety white

Cassava stems

Starch flour factory


More specifics on the project

• Report the practiced agriculture

– cassava

• Understand links between socio‐

cultural aspects and

management

• Understand links between

farmers’ action and diversity :

generation ‐ maintenance ‐ loss

Non traditional systems maintain

agrobiodiversity? At what level?


Key activities

Institution’s role:

• Produce and document knowledge about

the research area:

‐ Farmers knowledge

‐ Agricultural management

‐ Roots and tuber inventory

‐ Cassava diversity

‐ Seed system

‐ Production of starch flour

• Value farmers’

knowledge

• Exchange knowledge

• Try to stimulate agrobiodiversity

conservation*


Community’s role:

• Exchange knowledge

• Show necessities

• Act in agrobiodiversity conservation*

• Methodological tools:



interviews, meetings, participant observation

genetic analysis of cassava

Some methodological steps


Synthesis

Benefits

‐ Institute:

‐ generation of knowledge:

agrobiodiversity conservation

‐ Communities:

‐ NOW: Worth of knowledge

‐ FUTURE: Local organization,

maintenance of knowledge and local

varieties of cassava, conservation of

knowledge and agrobiodiversity*


Professionalism

• Methodological aspects:

‐ construction during the research (census,

inventory, management, cassava varieties, genetic

diversity)

• Personal aspects:




respect local/farmer’s time

listen to farmer’s life experience

discover another perspective, view of life

• New acting area:

‐ Molecular Biology (cassava diversity)



General conclusions

Research work –diagnose

‐ Join knowledge from the

course + practice

‐ Encourage and promote

agrobiodiversity conservation

(future researches)


Thank you!

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