Helena Nazaré - European University Association

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Helena Nazaré - European University Association

The Engaged University

Shaping Inclusive and Responsive

University Strategies

31 August – 1 September 2011

Southampton, United Kingdom

A conference organised by:

Hosted by:

With the support of:


The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

Regional Engagement: University of Aveiro, Portugal

The Engaged University: Diverse approaches to lifelong

Maria Helena Nazaré

Former Rector Universidade de Aveiro

Portugal

learning in the European Knowledge Society


Demographics (and other challenging) Issues

• Workforce (re)qualification

• Integration of immigrants

Revisit University Mission ( Aveiro University )

•Think Globally and act Locally (???)

• From Ivory Tower, trough Oil Well into Watch Tower

to become a Light House; Universities CANNOT stay

aloof of societal challenges?!

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


World Population 2010 – 6,909 billion

1.300 Mill. - 701 Mill.

700 Mill. - 251 Mill.

250 Mill. - 101 Mill.

100 Mill. - 71 Mill.

70 Mill. - 31 Mill.

< = 30 Mill.

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


2010

+ 2.2 billion

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

Europe’s population

(- 42 million)

2050


% AG

2010

2050

0 -14 15 - 24

25 - 59; 60+


Demographics: (It’s happening NOW!)

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

Over the next decade the percentage of the population over the age of 60

will grow to over 30% to 40% in the U.S., Europe, and parts of Asia.

Ageing populations present workforce challenges (qualification) and

need higher support from the public purse (health and pensions).

Global disparities in wealth and economic opportunity are driving

population migration, resulting in growing immigrant and minority

populations that both diversify and challenge existing cultures,

economies, and politics (education).

The gap between the very rich and the very poor is widening. Better and

stronger policies for improvement of social inclusion and cohesion are

needed.


The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

The Knowledge Economy: (Demographics are challenging KE)

Depends upon the creation and application of new knowledge and

hence upon educated people and their ideas.

The strength, prosperity, and welfare of a nation in a global

knowledge economy demand a highly educated citizenry enabled

by the development of a strong system of tertiary education.

Able to deal with 20 years old but as well as with the

qualification and requalification of older generation of actives.

It also requires world-class research institutions with the

capacity to discover new knowledge and transfer it into the

marketplace.


Further challenges

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


In the EU 27, the 20-

24 age group will

decrease by 23.3%

in 2050

PT

IR

Spain

UK

FR

BE

NL

DK

NO SW

GE

IT

CZ

PL

SK

HU

YU

MK

LT

Lv

FL

BG

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

RO

BY

UA

MD

20-24 cohort

Figures range from -36%

in Hungary to -60% in

Bulgaria


Global Challenges === Threats to Democratic Societiy?!

• Economic and finantial meltdown caused by the banking

sector in 2008 is turning into a global economic crises.

Could it have been otherwise? ( Ethics plus nformation turned

into Knowledge)

Fears about nuclear power may lead to a deep energy

crises.

Could it/Can it have been avoided ? (Geological information

was/is available)

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


Knowledge Society

Demographics

Change in the

educational needs

Values of Citizenship

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

Challenges for Higher Education. Systems and Institutions.

Are they too heavy?

The need to dramatically broaden participation in higher

education to build a competitive workforce. Tertiary and Pos

Graduate. Continuing and Life Long. Integrate minorities and build

inter geracional bridges.

Build world-class research Universities. Competition for brains is

getting tougher. Need to examine the rationale. Cream needs

milk.

Maintain parity of esteem among HE Institutions. Are there cases

of same umbrella Institution?

Increasing demands on an already stretched public purse due to

health care, retirement, and security!


The idea of University needs Changing?!

University must have a segmented mission and a clear vision

Research.

Education.

Cooperation

with society

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

Became, not only producers and imparters of knowledge but drivers of

innovation and a part of the fabric of a knowledge based inclusive society at

regional level. Make the research results relevant for our next door neighbour!

Respond to the shifting needs of labour market. Network to fight

unemployment and retrain actives . Use the University tool box.

Equity

Innovation

L L L


The hurdles:

The struggle for excellence. A old fashioned idea

of University.

Rankings. Conflict of interests?

Do Universities have the appropriate Instruments?

Who pays for it?

Ensuring Quality.

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


Ideas to help the front runners:

Plan but use flexibility. Leadership matters and Champions

are needed

Emphasis on the public service side of LLL. Involve the

region.

Not everybody can or should do it. Reward good

performance. Parity of esteem – is it possible?

Look into the University tool box.

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


Where is Aveiro? Center

of the world!


Center of the

world?

Perhaps Not!

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


The Engaged OECD Conference University

Southampton, Higher UK, Education 31 August in – Cities 1 September and Regions. 2011.

The Context at National and Regional

level

Political and administrative: 5 + 2 regions, 18 districts. Little

autonomy from central government. Ex: Education, Health

and Justice.

Demography: Total of 11 million residents. Region centre

with 2.3 million of which 750 thousand are in the Aveiro

district.

Economy: The region centre represents 20% of the national

GDP. Major sectors are tourism, ceramics, food, electronics &

telecomunications, shoes, automobile parts and

metalomechanics. SME’s mainly with a few multinationals

and more than 98% of the firms having less than 10 workers.

The Aveiro lagoon (Ria de Aveiro) is of great importance in

the economy of the region.

Higher Education: HE is binary system made of University

(15 pub + 40 priv) and of Politechnic Education (20 pub + 61

priv). In 2008-09 there were 373,002 students enrolled in HE

(282,432 attending public institutions and 90,809 private

ones). 1.6% of GDP was invested in HE (2009).

PORTUGAL; AVEIRO


We can aford diversity within!

The University of Aveiro (UA) founded in

1973 is located between two of the most

prestigious Portuguese universities, the

eight hundred years old Coimbra

University about 50 kilometres to the

south of Aveiro and the University of Porto

towards the North, at about 100

kilometres. Hence, even with an

expanding system as we had 37 years

ago, the situation was not very promising.

Now we are a well reputed university

integrating university departments and

polytechnic schools with excellent

performance research wise and catering

(2010/2011) for 14768 students.

Açores

Madeira

Minho

Porto

Aveiro

Coimbra

Lisboa

UTL

UNL

Aberta


Évora

Algarve

UBI


UTAD


University of Aveiro

Total nº of registered students (2010/011): 14768

University:

Undergraduate (1 st Cycle): 4567

integrated masters: 2431

post-graduate (Msc, PhD) 3787

Pol. Schools:

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

Undergraduate (1 st cycle): 2424

post-graduate (professional master): 304

post. secondary: 1050

Teaching Staff: 1000


What do we have in our tool box:

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

• Matrix organisation and Strong centralised

“tradition”

• Bologna tools. (Not as much as we could!)

• Diversity within. Pride in being as we are.

• Cooperation with the region of long standing.


Strategic selection of scientific domains

1970’s

Telecommunications.

Materials Science

Teacher Training

Environmental Sciences

& Engineering. Regional

Planning

Biotechnology

Biomedical Sciences

Nanosciences

Medicine (à la Imperial)

Regional Impact

CTT, PT… Telecom cluster

Ceramics. Tiles, China and pottery

Integration of migrants, LLL,…

The Lagoon and the Coastal area.

Tourism, sustainable devellopment,

biodiversity….

Food

etc


“Post-secondary Education” in Portugal

Profession oriented programmes after completion of secondary

education - Technological Specialisation Courses (CETs)

Aim: promoting a training path that combines qualification and

professional skills and competences with the possibility of

proceeding to higher education

Those successfully completing this type of training are awarded a

level 4 vocational qualification certificate

Delivered in partnership

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.


More Education to more people:

Widening oportunities

The Nacional Context:

• older than 23 years (since 2006/2007) (local

examination entry)

• via Technological Specialisation Programmes – CETs,

• Holders of a HE diploma.

The Engaged University

Southampton, UK, 31 August – 1 September 2011.

• Requalification programmes for nurses and primary

school teachers. ( Short degree holders~2 years)


EDUCATION

(Fighting unemployment; Retraining actives; integrating

migrants)

Leading the Change

UA model incorporates University

Departments and Polytechnic Schools (1st

school in 1997). Strong support from the region.

In 2003 the needs of the region in terms of

qualification of the work force, were discussed.

New legislation was passed and a programme

aimed at post-secondary education was started

under the leadership of the Rectorate; the

programme is now run by the Polytechnic

Schools. Strongly supported by the District and

Municipalities. Difficult to get green light from

the Senate.

School of Design and Technology – ESAN.

School of Technology and Management –

ESTGA. School of Health – ESSA. Institute

of Accountancy – ISCAA


CONCLUSIONS

All Universities share the responsability to contribute in the

process of dealing with the XXI century’s social challenges:

The region where the university is located should feel the

benefit of that action ( use the “Universty tool box” to do more

for the bulk of the population).

Contribute to the public understanding of science

Educate sustainability aware citizens

Informing public policies

Glion Colloquium 2011

Global Sustainability and the role of Universities.

Leadership matters

Not a single model of university. Segmented mission and

clear vision


Light House


the University of Aveiro as a

trigger for networking and a

driving force for a learning region

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