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Computer Locale Requirements for Afghanistan - Evertype

Computer Locale Requirements for Afghanistan - Evertype

Computer Locale Requirements for Afghanistan Almost all of the languages used in Afghanistan require the use of diacritical marks which follow a base letter, to make pronunciation or grammar usage clear. These marks are known by different names in the different languages of Afghanistan, but are listed here with their Unicode character names. Font and application developers should ensure that they support these marks in their products. The zwarakay at the bottom of the list is used in some Pashto educational materials, and as a result of this survey is now being proposed for addition to the Unicode Standard. Until such time as it has been formally encoded, we recommend the Private Use Area code position U+E659 for the zwarakay. Unicode Name 064B fathatan e 064C dammatan g 064D kasratan f 064E fatha a 064F damma c 0650 kasra b Unicode Name 0651 shadda h 0652 sukun d 0653 maddah above l 0654 hamza above k 0670 superscript alef j (E659) zwarakay i One additional character appears to be in wide use by local banks and accountants in Afghanistan, namely the afghani sign, q. This character is also being proposed for addition to the Unicode Standard. Until such time as it has been formally encoded, we recommend the Private Use Area code position U+E0B4 for the afghani sign. It should be noted that glyph variants for this character exist, for example r and p, but in our discussions several experts indicated that the first one shown above is the most original and may therefore be more appropriate. Research on the best glyph shape is still ongoing. As of this writing, neither the Ministry of Finance nor Da Afghanistan Bank had formally adopted this symbol for use, although it is in use in both the public and private sectors. It should also be mentioned that certain punctuation marks and control characters are used in Afghan computing. We have listed all of these characters on the collectivelyequivalent keyboard layouts. Font developers are expected to include all of these additional characters in fonts which are intended to support Afghan languages. ©2003 UNDP • Computer Locale Requirements for Afghanistan • 16

Pashto keyboard layout for Afghanistan by Michael Everson, Roozbeh Pournader, Said Marjan Zazai, & Mohammad Tamim Noori, 2003-07-05 + ) ( » « × ` ^ ٪ _ % 6 q ^ $ / ‘ ! ÷ = - _ ٠ RL M ٩ LR M ٧ & ٨ • 8 ٣ # ٢ @ 3 ١ ` ZWJ ~ delete = - 0 9 7 5 4 2 1 ` Computer Locale Requirements for Afghanistan ] } [ h a b c e f g d { " ' j i € π ∫ ∑ R T Y l ° return ] [ P O I U E W tab Q * \ | ؛ \ : > < K ' ; L J H G F D S caps lock A / . ، , ZW NJ k ∏ ; ? shift / . , M N B V C X Z shift Guide to the key assignments, reading top-down and left-right Unshifted: ZWJ, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, zero, hyphen, equals shift altgr shift zād, swāt, se, qāf, fe, ǧayn, ˁayn, he, xe, he, jim, če šin, sin, ye, be, lām, alif, te, nun, mim, kāf, gāf, backslash plain altgr ǝǰina-ye, feˁli-ye, ze, re, zāl, dāl, e, vāv, e, slash Shifted: division, exclamation, thousands, decimals, afghanǝy, percent, multiplication, guillemet, guillemet, parenthesis, parenthesis, kashida, plus Unshifted spacebar → SPACE sukun, dammatan, kasratan, fathatan, damma, kasra, fatha, shadda, ǰe, ce, square-bracket, square-bracket in, pasta-ye, saxta-ye, pe, alef-hamza, ā, e, ūn, gǝda-te, colon, semicolon, asterisk ©2003 UNDP • Computer Locale Requirements for Afghanistan • 17 Shifted spacebar → ZERO WIDTH NON-JOINER zwe, twe, že, hamza, ZWNJ, āl, wāw-hamza, comma, full-stop, question Alt-Gr: tilde, grave, at, number, dollar, percent, circumflex, ampersand, bullet, LRM, RLM, underscore, — degree, maddah, euro, ornament-parenthesis, ornament-parenthesis, alif-below, zwarakay, alif-above, apostrophe, quote, curly-bracket, curly-bracket Alt-Gr spacebar → NO-BREAK SPACE —, urdu-ye, alif-maksura, nun-ghunna, brahui-lhām, alif-wasla, urdu-e, less-than, greater-than, arabic-kāf, persian-gāf, vertical-bar question, semicolon, hamza-below, hamza-above, alif-hamza-below, urdu-āl, urdu-e, comma, uzbek-u, uzbek-o

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