YELLOWSTONE - Explore Big Sky

YELLOWSTONE - Explore Big Sky

Big Sky’s Locally Owned & Published Newspaper

Big Sky

July 1, 2011

Volume 2 // Issue #12

special section:



up iN SmOkE?


eLK heRD

montana’s medical

marijuana industry

Big Sky awards Baucus Skis to the City

off the beaten path:

mT. WaShBurN


Illustration by Kelsey Dzintars

Big Sky

July 1, 2011

Volume 2, Issue 12



Eric Ladd


Megan Paulson


Mike Martins


Emily Stifler


Kelsey Dzintars


Abbie Digel


Taylor Anderson


Frank Jordan


Danielle Chamberlain


Brian Niles


Hunter Rothwell


Kaela Schommer


Tyler Allen, Victoria Bentley, Matt Breneman,

Bull Stock Media, Mike Coil, Eileen

Connors, Felicia Ennis, Ryan Hamilton,

Chris Heppel, Scott Heppel, Peter Oelschlaeger,

Jackie Rainford Corcoran, Paul

Miller, Katie Morrison, Brandon Niles,

Dayle Hayes, Al Lockwood, Al Nash,

Shawn Robertson, Ennion Williams,

Christine Weinheimer

edItorIal PolIcy

Outlaw Partners LLC is the sole owner of

the Big Sky Weekly. No part of this publication

may be reprinted without written

permission from the publisher. The Big

Sky Weekly reserves the right to edit all

submitted material for content, corrections

or length. Printed material reflects the

opinion of the author and is not necessarily

the opinion of Outlaw Partners or the editors

of this publication. No advertisements,

columns, letters to the editor or other

information will be published that contain

discrimination based on sex, age, race, religion,

creed, nationality, sexual preference,

or are in bad taste.

PaPer dIstrIbutIon

Distributed every other Friday in towns

across Southwest Montana, including Big

Sky, Bozeman, West Yellowstone, Three

Forks and Livingston. explorebigsky

happY iNdEpENdENCE daY!


ThE EdiTOr



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proofread for grammar and content. We

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© 2011 The Big Sky Weekly

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2 July 1, 2011


big Sky…6

Local news...9




food & Dining...17


health & Wellness...21

big Sky Weekly

Yellowstone River flowing high in Gardiner in late June

Outlaw partners recognized for Excellence

in design, Business practices

On behalf of the Outlaw Partners, I am pleased to announce

we have been recognized by two separate organizations

for excellence in both print media, and business.

On June 11, 2011, the Montana Newspaper Association

announced the winners of the 2011 Better Newspaper

Contest in Lewistown, Montana. The Big Sky Weekly

was presented with three awards within the Weekly III

Division, the largest of the weekly divisions in Montana

(with circulation over 3,000). The Weekly swept First and

Second places for Best Small Space Ad, and Second place

for Best Graphics.

Mike Martins and Kelsey Dzintars, Outlaw’s creative

team, strive to make our messages meaningful and

creative by using full color design and thoughtful, indepth


At the Chamber of Commerce Annual Meeting, Outlaw

Partners was named Business of the Year. This annual

award recognizes one business each year for its contributions

in best business practices and community work.


photo bY eMILY StIfLeR

“The Outlaw Partners bring to our community a well

rounded, well received, well written and very well designed

local newspaper. Their business does not stop with this paper

– they have a beautiful, coffee table magazine and an extremely

creative marketing and branding focus,” said Shawna

Winter, owner of Winter & Company Real Estate in Big Sky,

who presented Outlaw with the award.

Outlaw Partners was founded on two basic principals: to do

things right and to maintain sound business ethics. Every

day, either in the office or out on the road, we’ve been able to

share and learn about Montanans’ stories and passions.

It’s been a pleasure editing the Weekly and Mountain Outlaw

and growing with the Outlaw Partners. I feel lucky to be part

of this community and am looking forward to my first summer

in Big Sky.

Keep an eye out for our new cub reporter from Lone Peak

High School, Kaela Schommer. And make sure to stop by our

office in the Meadow Village Center and say hi.

-Abbie Digel, Editor

business Directory...22





back 40...31

Special Section:


national park...33

big Sky Weekly

July 1, 2011 3

4 July 1, 2011


The Big Sky fire


The Big Sky Fire Department firefighters hosted

a breakfast on Sunday, June 26 for the Bozeman

Eagle Mount-Big Sky Kids campers, counselors

and their families.

In conjunction with the breakfast, the Fire Department

also hosted their annual St. Baldrick’s

head-shaving community event. Firefighters,

members of the kids group, and Big Sky community

members bravely shaved their heads

to raise donations and awareness for childhood

cancer research.

The Big Sky Fire Department’s goal is to raise at

least $5,000 for St. Baldrick’s. To date, $3,000

has been raised in donations. $1,250 of that was

raised by Anna Alvin of the HairBares Team.

On behalf of all of the firefighters and the kids

who inspire us, thank you!

For more information about St. Baldrick’s or to

make a donation, visit:


- from the Big Sky Fire Department

Type O negative blood

donors needed

firefighters who

shaved their heads

for the St. Baldrick’s


Seth barker

Greg Clark

Lukas Golz

Mitch hamel

Steve Johnson

Mark Loomis

Corey nagashima

Sean pierce

tom Reeves

Dan Sheil

Volunteer barber:

Jaci Clack, Mountain

haven Salon

Big Sky community

members who

shaved their heads:

anna alvin

Maya Johnsen

Mark Robin from the

hungry Moose Market

and Deli

Curt Wilson from Wilson


Joseph and eli Gale

The supply of type O negative blood at the American Red Cross has dropped to

critical levels.

Type O negative blood is always in high demand because it can be transfused to

patients with any blood type, especially in emergency situations.

While all blood types are needed during the critical summer months, the Red

Cross urges those eligible donors with blood type O negative to make and keep

appointments to give blood this summer.

The Red Cross is also encouraging all type O negative blood donors who meet the

eligibility requirements to double the difference by becoming a double red cell

donor. If eligible, you can give to give two donations at once.

There will be a blood drive on July 13 from 12 – 3 p.m. at Big Sky Resort and one

on July 25 from 2 – 6 p.m. at the Gallatin Gateway Community Center. There

are also several scheduled at various locations around Bozeman, Livingston and

Three Forks in the next month.

Go to redcrossblood.


to find a blood drive

near you, or call (800)

RED-CROSS (1-800-

733-2767) to schedule

an appointment.

Corrections 6/17 Weekly

In “New date set for bison trial,” Park County Stockgrowers filed suit, not

MT Stockgrowers association.

The Big Sky Hikers “flower hike” is actually on 7/14. The sign-up for the

hikes is at 8:15 a.m., and the hikes leave at 8:30.

Trever Olson’s photo (a silouette of Josh Simpfenderfer walking the

highline on page 32) was incorrectly credited to Sonya Iverson and Sydian


We also apologize for misspelling Josh Simpfenderfer’s name.

big Sky Weekly

Big Sky Natural resource

Council’s wildfire preparedness

event a success

bY KatIe MoRRISon

On June 24, the Big Sky Natural Resource Council hosted their second annual

Big Sky Wildfire Preparedness event at Town Center Park. Many Big Sky

residents and visitors turned out for the event, which featured information

on natural resource issues in the area, a free BBQ and special appearances by

Smokey Bear and Elvis.

Volunteers from the Fire Department cooked burgers and hot dogs for over 300

people, while council member Seth Barker gave a presentation and answered

questions from homeowners on how to create survivable space. Forestry vendors

held a trade show, highlighting the equipment and techniques they use to

maintain healthy forest stands in Big Sky.

That evening the BSNRC also released the Forest Stewardship Plan, which they

have been working on for the past year. The plan, sponsored by Merrill Lynch

and Bank of America, contains valuable information about the types of trees,

forest health issues and treatment options in the Big Sky area. It is available free

of charge at

The mission of the Big Sky Natural Resource Council is to provide sustainable

solutions for natural resource issues in the Big Sky community through a collaborative

ecosystem approach. If you would like more information or would

like to make a donation, contact Crystal Hagerman at (406) 209-0344.

BSCC to host public meeting

about Big Sky trails, recreation

and parks special district

bY KatIe MoRRISon

Recently, the Gallatin County Commission

passed a Resolution of Intent

to create a Big Sky Meadow Trails,

Recreation and Parks Special District.

Prior to passing the final Resolution

and Interlocal Agreement with Gallatin

County, a public comment period

of 30 days is required.

Gallatin County mailed Big Sky/Gallatin

County property owners a notice

last week, informing them of this comment

period. The Big Sky Community

Corporation has also mailed a notice,

which explains the intent and formation

of the district in “plain language.”

BSCC will also host a public meeting

on Wednesday July 13, at noon at the

Big Sky Chapel basement to answer

questions regarding the potential selffunded,

non-taxing district.

The Gallatin County Commission

will hopefully proceed with passing

the resolution for this self-funded

district, barring significant protests

or comments.

The second step of creating the

multijurisdictional district is for the

Madison County Commission to

pass a similar Resolution of Intent

to expand an existing three-square

mile Big Sky Park District that was

created in 1988, strip it of taxing

authority, and enter into an Interlocal

Agreement with Gallatin County

to share the administration of the

districts with a single board of directors.

The Madison County Commission

held a public meeting to expand

the district on Tuesday, June 21, and

has requested a continuation of the

hearing for July 12.

With questions, contact Katie Morrison

at (406) 993-2112 or katie@


Tour de Bozeman

Comes to Big Sky July 8

bY RYan haMILton

The Montana cycling community is gearing up for this year’s edition of the Tour

de Bozeman, a three-day, four-stage bicycle stage race with an $8,000 cash purse.

This year’s event features an expanded race lineup, with a new criterium (stage

one) in the Big Sky Town Center on Friday July 8. Saturday’s events will include

the Springhill Time Trial and Main Street Sprints in downtown Bozeman on

Saturday evening. As in years past, the final showdown will take place in Bridger

Canyon with the Battle for Battle Ridge, an epic road race that spans Jackson

Creek and Battle Ridge, finishing north of Bridger Bowl.

Come see the Big Sky Criterium, a fast, exciting, colorful, spectator friendly bicycle

racing event at the Big Sky Town Center on Friday, July 8. A criterium, or crit, is a

bike race held on a short course often run on closed-off city center streets.

3 p.m. Women category 4/Juniors) – 30 min

3:45 p.m. Men category 5/men master B– 30 min

4:30 p.m. Men category 4 – 45 min

5:30 p.m. Men category 3/men master A – 45 min

6:30 p.m. Women category 1/2/3 – 45 min

7:30 p.m. Men category 1/2 – 60 min

return of the

magnificent seven

This July, seven members of the Montana Professional Artists Assoc. will

return to Gallatin Valley. Packing their brushes and bronzes, they will set up

camp in the Convention Center a the 320 Guest Ranch July 10 - 11 from 10

a.m. to 10 p.m. to show and sell their works. The show will be free of charge.

Michele Kapor, Elene Weege and Robert Thompkins, well-known pleinair

painters, will be painting and showing works at the Cinnamon Lodge on July

8 – 9, along with sculptor Mari Bolen. Ms. Bolen can sculpt faster than Annie

Oakley could shoot dots off of playing cards, so come prepared for a shootout

on the balcony both evenings.

photo bY peteR oeLSChLaeGeR





big Sky Weekly


Chalet 504 at Yellowstone Club

July 1, 2011 5

6 July 1, 2011



COmiNg TO Big SkY

Sign your child up

for a wild ride

The Professional Bull Riding circuit is making a

three-day stop in Big Sky this summer, August 2-4.

Although bull riding is the main event, kids also

have an opportunity to participate in Mutton Busting.

This exciting event, judged by certified PBR

judges, is similar to a bull ride, except children will

ride sheep.

The age limit is six and under, and the child must

be under 60 pounds. The sheep will be provided

by local farm Ewe Hoo, located outside of Bozeman

( Sign-ups are on a first come,

first serve basis.

“There are a lot of sheep riders in the area,” said

Jacey Watson of Freestone Productions, the PBR

Production Company who is putting on the Big Sky

event. “Some of the kids might be pretty savvy and

have own their equipment.”

Freestone will supply the competitors with vests

and helmets for protection, and there are no ropes

or spurs allowed. The kids are encouraged to wear

boots, jeans and long sleeved shirts.

Prizes will be awarded, and according to Watson,

the winners could be anyone who puts on a good

show. “It’s a fun event, and great way to get the kids

involved,” she added.

To sign your child up, please find the waiver at Sign and return to the Outlaw

big Sky Weekly

Partners’ office at 75 Center Drive, Suite B, Big

Sky, MT 59716 or mail to P.O. Box 160250 Big

Sky, MT 59716

Questions can be directed to Danielle Chamberlain

via or

(406) 995- 2055.

Tickets are selling fast for the PBR event on August

3. Make sure to reserve one tickets at,

or purchase at these local dealers: 320

Ranch, Bugaboo Cafe, Country Market, Outlaw

Partners, Choppers, Mail & More, Trailhead Pizza

and Big Sky Resort.


Mutton Bustin’ at the 2009 Bozeman Classic. photo bY Matt bReneMan CoURteSY of bULL StoCK MeDIa.


Pictured from left: Meg O’Leary, Barbara Rowley, Senator Max Baucus, Taylor

Middleton, Loren Bough and Jill Bough.

Big Sky presents Senator max

Baucus with “Skis to the City”

Big Sky Resort recently honored and recognized Sen. Max Baucus for his dedication

to highlighting both Big Sky and Montana. The ceremony took place at function

in the home of Big Sky residents Jill and Loren Bough.

Baucus has long been a promoter of Montana on the national stage. Most recently,

he acted as a key force in bringing the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

international trade ministerial to Big Sky this May. The senator was an integral

part in highlighting Montana businesses during those meetings as well – as a host

state, Montana had unprecedented involvement in APEC proceedings.

Big Sky is an unincorporated town, so we have no mayor and we have no keys,

said Taylor Middleton, Big Sky Resort’s General Manager. “But we do have skis.

This is our unique way of letting Senator Baucus know how much we appreciate

his hard work and advocacy.”

Middleton presented Sen. Baucus with an official pair of “Skis to the City” that

displayed graphics of an American flag, Lone Peak and the U.S. Capitol building

in Washington, D.C.

- Big Sky resort wire services

Spanish peaks partners

with clubs worldwide

The Club at Spanish Peaks, a private ski and golf community in Big Sky, recently

launched an affiliate club program that extends Spanish Peaks membership privileges

to six additional exclusive private clubs to Patagonia, the Bahamas, Ireland

and three domestic clubs of similar stature.

“Every member at Spanish Peaks now has seven of the best clubs in the world to

call home,” said Stephen DePetro, General Manager and Chief Operating Officer

of The Club at Spanish Peaks. “The added value this brings to Spanish Peaks

membership is enormous.”

Each club in this network is a reflection of its particular region and is aligned

with the quality and standards of Spanish Peaks.

WYS Old Faithful Ad-GR:Layout 1 7/31/10 10:14 AM Page 1

Catch a flight in the morning.

Begin your vacation by noon!

You can’t land any closer to where you want to be!


Big Sky




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big Sky Weekly

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406-599-4448 July 1, 2011 7

8 July 1, 2011

big Sky Weekly

LoCaL neWS

Big Sky Chamber of

Commerce announces

annual award-winners

bY abbIe DIGeL

The Big Sky Chamber

of Commerce

honored two local

businesses and one

individual at their

annual meeting, located

at 320 Guest

Ranch on June 22.

The theme of the

evening, which

revolved around

a gourmet meal,

drinks and lively

conversation, was the appreciation

for all members who put

their trust into the Chamber to represent

their best interests. Marne Hayes,

Executive Director of the Chamber,

acknowledged that businesses are all in

a “pattern of recovery, and are rediscovering

what it is going to take to make us

thrive and succeed in Big Sky.”

Big Sky Arts Council was honored

with Non-Profit of the Year because of

their continued efforts in bringing the

arts to Big Sky. With a board of directors

made up of local volunteers, the

Arts Council’s newest addition to their

summer line-up is the first annual Classical

Music Festival, also a free event.

“Motivation from the community is

what drives us,” said Donna Thompson,

President of the Arts Council.

“I’m proud of our board. They work so

hard.” Thompson also wanted to recognize

Brian Hurlbut, who adds creative

energy in bringing the arts to Big Sky.

Lance Child, who won Community

Member of the year, has been involved

in various projects in the Big Sky community

and was most recently voted

into a trustee seat on the Ophir School

board. A resident of Big Sky since

Group from the Outlaw Partners, awarded

Business of the Year photo bY bRIan nILeS

1999, Child has two children who attend

Ophir, and has been the assistant

basketball coach since 2008. He also sits

on the Resort Tax Board, and was part of

the Board’s recent key decision making

and money allocations. Child is a private

mortgage banker for Wells Fargo.

The Outlaw Partners, a marketing and

consulting services firm, won Business

of the Year. The Outlaw Partners’

team has tripled in size in the past year.

They also acquired the Big Sky Weekly,

and now publish Mountain Outlaw, a

bi-annual, full color, regional magazine

exploring lifestyle, land and culture in

Southwest Montana.

“The Outlaw Partners is very committed

to be a lasting part of the Big Sky

community, and we greatly appreciate

this award,” said Eric Ladd, CEO and

founder of the Outlaw Partners.

Quinn Johnsen, owner of Choppers

Grub and Pub, and a client of the

firm, said “Outlaw has helped me

discover previously untapped business

potential.” Recently, Outlaw

developed a new brand platform for

Choppers, creating a new menu and

guiding the business with key marketing


moonlight trial rescheduled

On May 2, Montana bankruptcy Judge Ralph Kirscher issued an order that rescheduled

the Lehman Brothers vs. Moonlight Basin Ranch trial, which was originally

planned for late June 2011. The trial is now continued until October 2011.

“It was rescheduled to provide Lehman and Moonlight with more time for settlement,”

said Russ McElyea, Moonlight’s Chief Operating Officer.

According to McElyea, Moonlight and Lehman both requested this extra time, and

there was a motion to vacate filed April 29 requesting the court withdraw its previous

order arranging the spring trial.

Moonlight attorneys are working with Lehman on a settlement, McElyea said, and

they “need more time to have this discussion.”

The settlement shouldn’t impact Moonlight’s operations, he added. Moonlight is doing

work on the mountain this summer and will be open for skiing next winter.


Montana’s Fish, Wildlife and Parks

Commission will meet July 14 in Big

Sky, at 1 Lone Mountain Trail, beginning

at 8:30 a.m. The Western Association

of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

will meet in Big Sky July 15-20.

The FWP Commissioners will make

a number of final decisions, including

acquisition of a fishing access site on

Big Spring Creek near Lewistown and

a temporary waiver of fishing limits

on lakes in the South Fork Flathead

drainage, Cherry and Granite Lakes in

FWP Region 1.

Other final decisions will be made on:

• 2011 deer, elk and antelope quotas

outside biennial quota ranges

• The nongame check-off work plan

• 2011 fall upland game bird quotas

and limits

• 2011 hunting access agreements

• 2011 wolf hunting seasons, quotas

and hunting district boundaries

This July, Gallatin Field Airport

will complete a two-year, $40 million

expansion. The new terminal

adds about 125,000 square feet

to the existing building, and the

airport’s new footprint will be the

largest in Montana.

Gallatin Field has seen unprecedented

growth in the last 12

calendar months, and the airport’s

Deputy Director Scott Humphrey

said, “Yellowstone Park and Big

Sky play a large part [in that].” He

added, “We’re looking at 12 percent

growth in enplanements as compared

to last June.”

big Sky Weekly

1060 pounds of weeds pulled from gallatin Canyon

The Gallatin/Big Sky Noxious Weed Committee has done its part in pulling

weeds in the area. Let’s clarify that. It’s doing a half-ton’s worth of its part.

The group, made up of 28 volunteers, pulled a record 1060 pounds of noxious

weeds in Gallatin Canyon last Saturday. The group said it noticed fewer weeds

than last year and has taken claim for the decrease.

montana fWp Commission

to meet July 14 in Big Sky

• The upland game bird strategic


• A fire road restoration project at

Fish Creek Wildlife Management


• A conservation easement along

the Missouri River near Ulm

The commissioners will also hear

about the scoping process for biennial

regulations and the proposed 2011

early season migratory bird regulations.

A work session on the fishing

regulations will begin at 1 p.m.

FWP meetings are accessible to the

public and those with disabilities.

Individuals with special needs may

request arrangements by contacting

FWP at (406) 444-3186.

The full agenda and additional

information on the scheduled topics

may be found on the FWP website at on the home page under

the heading FWP Commission.

gallatin field airport

expansion update

The concourse itself and all the gates

opened June 30, and the entire terminal

will open July 20. Major changes

will include a new entrance and passenger

check-in area, four new gates,

more efficient passenger security

screening, TSA bag screening behind

closed doors, and indoor storage for

airline machinery.

Generally, 18-21 commercial flights

come through Gallatin Field daily.

The airport doesn’t have new flights

lined up immediately, but the expansion

will give everyone more room,

particularly solving the morning time

crunch. More than 200 people work at

the airport complex. e.s.

July 1, 2011 9

10 July 1, 2011


In the 1970s and ‘80s, the Gallatin

elk herd numbered between 1,600

and 2,000. A subsidiary herd living

in the Porcupine Creek Wilderness

Management Area just south of Big

Sky had 600-800 animals. Now, those

counts are about at 400 for the Gallatin

herd, and between 60-100 for the

Porcupine herd. FWP biologist Julie

Cunningham counted 132 in the

Porcupine herd in the spring of 2010.

Cunningham said the herd’s population

has likely continued to decline

after this past harsh winter.

The first recorded sighting of an elk

herd near Big Sky was in the 1830s,

according to People and the Gallatin

Elk Herd by Allan Lovaas, an FWP

publication printed in April 1970.

Elk likely migrated toward Big Sky

to take shelter from Yellowstone’s

severe weather, and they still reside

here today.

This area has also been a platform

for deep historical human impact

on wildlife, and an ongoing battleground,

Cunningham said. But, she

added, it’s a history every resident of

the canyon should be proud of.

The Gallatin Canyon herd was an

important food source for settlers

in the 1800s. By 1919, elk had been

extirpated from most of the state due

to overhunting, but the Gallatin herd

“is so rugged that elk remained in

great numbers,” Cunningham said.

The Gallatin is a prime example of

early regulation efforts to protect fish

and wildlife resources, he added.

Between the 1930s and ‘60s, Canyon

residents provided elk with supplementary

feed during winter because

of a starvation epidemic. According

to the FWP, this situation was

“pivotal in determining that the state

of Montana should not and would

not support wintertime feeding of

elk,” as opposed to other states like

Wyoming. For many years after that,

wildlife managers actually worked to

reduce the Gallatin herd’s population.

WHere are tHey noW?

During winter some of the animals

migrate west to the Madison Valley,

then return to the Gallatin in summer.

A number of factors affect the

herd’s location, including humans,

weather and predators.

Some human impacts are direct,

such as hunting, trapping, feeding;

while others are indirect, like the

elimination of predators, livestock

grazing, wildfire mitigation and the

creation of game preserves, according

to Lovaas.

Dave Alvin, owner of East Slope

Outdoors, a guide outfit on Highway

191, has been hunting in the area for

over 20 years. Historically, he said,

he’s always seen 30 or 40 head, but

this year, there were only 20 across

from his property, where he usually

spots the herd.

He’s also noticed a change in the

ungulates’ habitat. There’s been

a cow on the edge of the highway

across from the Ramshorn subdivision,

for example.

“I’ve never seen a cow on the edge of

the highway before,” Alvin said.

Alvin sees the same seven or eight

cows calving on his property every

year. “But some of the elk are starting

to calve closer to human development

rather than farther away from it.”

WHat’s causInG tHe PusH?

“Who’s to say,” Alvin said.

Cunningham believes predators can

have a “non lethal effect on elk,”

meaning even if the predators don’t

hunt or kill members of a herd, they

can still push the elk out of their

grazing areas. This may be pushing

more animals to the Madison Valley.

“More migrating means less are staying,”

she said.

This spring, Cunningham received

reports of elk hiding along the

Gallatin River. “[They] often go

to water to die,” she said, so this

move to the river likely indicated

they were in poor shape after the

harsh winter. They went to the

river because it’s “a good travel

corridor, and it’s the lowest spot in

elevation,” she added. “They were

waiting for the green-up.”

big Sky Weekly





ELk hErd?

the population of the Gallatin Canyon elk herd has been decreasing since

2006, according to fish, Wildlife and parks. the porcupine Creek herd, south of

big Sky, is down to 132—down significantly from 800 in the 1980s.

bY abbIe DIGeL


“This winter definitely did not

help any of the animals at all. A

tough winter will increase fatalities.

They just keel over and die, and the

calves can’t make it. It’s definitely a

factor in the decline,” Alvin said.

PoPulatIon decrease

This is the first year the FWP has

not focused on reducing the elk

population and instead is attempting

to bring the population back up.

This January, Cunningham flew in

over the Porcupine Creek Wilderness

Management Area to perform

FWP’s annual aerial survey to count

the herd’s numbers. From a helicopter,

researchers can hover and

get close to classify the ungulates,

but after members of the public

witnessed the flight this year,

Cunningham received several calls

concerning the well being of the

elk, and potential hazing.

“When we count the elk, we do not

move them far. We get them to a

place where they’re visible and then

get away from them,” Cunningham

said. “In the helicopter I displaced

elk, but January is not a terrible

time to do a quick exercise like that

because elk generally have not depleted

their fat reserves [in spring].

Furthermore, we’re in, we’re out

and it’s over.”

Flying is a widely used method for

population counting, Cunningham

said. She focuses on gathering information

on calves instead of cows

and bulls because calves provide

“estimates of recruitment, which

let me know if the population

should be growing or declining.”

On the Jan. 11 flight, the elk count

was 397 total, down from 2010’s

early winter count of 511. In addition

to severe winter, several other

factors could have affected this

year’s low numbers: the previous

hunting season, bears, wolves and

other predators.

Another factor affecting population

decrease is the spreading of

brucellosis, a disease that causes the

animals to miscarry their calves. In

the past 30 years, Montana FWP

has performed limited testing in

elk for the virus. Studies in the

early 1990s mostly in the Greater

Yellowstone Area north and west

of the park showed brucellosis

exposure rates ranging from 0 to 2

percent. Depending on the testing

technique used, more recent positive

exposure rates ranged between

5 and 16 percent in areas north of

Gardiner and on the east side of the

Madison Valley.

Industry and reGulatIon

Elk hunting is a major industry in

Montana. Managing the herds’ numbers

provides the information FWP

needs to issue hunting permits.

“Hunters want to know what they

can hunt in Gallatin Valley,” Cunningham

said. Until recently, the

Gallatin was one of the strongest

herds, which is why hunting was so

popular here.

With the population in decline,

will it be ecologically sustainable to

continue unlimited hunting? Probably

not, Cunningham says.

A season setting meeting is scheduled

for July 12 in Big Sky to discuss

the upcoming hunting season. Near

Big Sky, Areas 310 and 360 are popular

grounds for hunters. Both have

different regulations: 360 is one of

the most liberal in the state, with unlimited

bull and cow hunting, while

Area 310, where the Porcupine herd

mostly resides, is very restrictive, and

hunters there can only take bulls.

“Bulls don’t do a lot for population –

that’s what cows and calves are for,”

Cunningham said. Also, cows can

only be shot on either private property

or National Forrest land, limiting

the hunting area.

photo bY MIKe CoIL

A change to this year’s season is the

planning of a 2011 wolf hunt. FWP

plans the harvest to be limited to 19

tags. This new addition to the plan

“won’t change much for the elk

population, but [an increase] should

happen eventually,” Cunningham


WHat’s next?

“Wildlife managers in our complex

and dynamic society must realistically

appraise and cope with demands

and restrictions imposed by

sociological, political and economic

influences,” said Frank Dunkle,

the Director of Montana’s Fish and

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Game Department in the ‘70s.

Dunkle’s point remains true. In this

system of checks and balances, it’s a

constant battle for those managing

the fate of the Porcupine elk herd,

as well as herds statewide.

“When elk [get] too numerous for

the landscape, we reduce them.

When wolves are too numerous for

what we want for the elk herd, we

can reduce the wolves,” Cunningham

said. Her goal for the next 10

years is to “have enough elk that we

will see increased hunting use and

activity again. We’ll see what the 10

years after that brings.”

July 1, 2011 11

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aSC delivers world’s highest known

plant life from Everest to the lab

from the himalaya to Yellowstone, adventurers and

Scientists for Conservation needs your help


On a recent climb of Mount Everest,

climber and mountain guides Willie

and Damien Benegas collected a

sample of the world’s highest known

plant life, at 22,300 feet. The brothers

returned to the States and mailed the

material to the Bozeman-based nonprofit

Adventurers and Scientists for


ASC’s founder, Gregg Treinish, who

coordinated this effort, delivered the

samples to Tim McDermott, an MSU

professor in Microbial Ecophysiology.

McDermott will extract rock material

from it to analyze the microbes living

on its surface, and then pass it on to

Rusty Rodriguez, a microbiologist

who works with the U.S.G.S.

Rodriguez plans to extract DNA from

the plants to determine the microorganisms

associated with them. His

“ultimate hope is to isolate fungus

that we think is living symbiotically

with this plant. Because it can

live in extreme conditions, if we can

show it’s the fungus that allows it to

do that, we can likely move it into

agriculture and have it help plants be

more adapted to stress.”

It is that symbiotic relationship

that Treinish says, “could provide

answers for how we will feed the world

in the face of a changing climate… This

fungus could shed light on how to

make crops throughout the world adapt

to more extreme droughts, floods, and

specifically frost.”

This is one of approximately 35 expeditions

Treinish is coordinating through

ASC, a non-profit he founded in Bozeman

in 2010. So far, he’s worked with

professional adventure athletes like

the Benegas brothers, and with casual

hikers, whom

he’s trained

to help with

a worldwide

pika data




said the work

ASC is doing

is “unique

and spectacular.

It’s taking a National Geographic

approach, but to a new level. It’s a move

for understanding conservation.”

ASC is growing quickly. Just last week,

Treinish posted an email on an eco list

serve and received 150 responses in

three hours. “Scientists from India,

Pakistan, Canada, Mexico, Puerto Rico,

Costa Rica, Ecuador have contacted us,

interested in having us help coordinate

their research,” he said.

Although citizen science often gets

a bad rap because the data isn’t necessarily

as controlled, Treinish said

Want to get involved?

Visit adventures and Scientists

for Conservation to donate

or sign up for an expedition.

“there are projects available

for everyone, from world class

adventure athletes to your

basic weekend warrior or day

hiker,” treinish said.

many of these projects have “the

advantage that we send expeditions

or people to places that are repeated

again and again.”

The pika study, for example, has 22

teams taking the same data on the

same trail over a period of time. “So

your data becomes more verifiable

with each



said. Moreover,


looks for

projects that

can be independently

verified. “If

we’re collecting



like on Everest—it doesn’t matter if

a citizen scientist or a PhD collected

it, a lab will independently tell you

the information that can be useful


Rodriguez said as long as the data

collectors have the proper equipment

and instructions, ASC’s

system works. “Scientists need to

learn how to communicate with the

adventurers to ensure there is accuracy

and quality there.”

In the last two months the science

community has really embraced

big Sky Weekly

Mountain guides Willie and Damien

benegas discovered the world’s

highest known plant life at 22,300

feet on Mt. everest. they recently

collected a sample of it and delivered

it to a bozeman’s adventurers

and Scientists for Conservation.

photo from

ASC, Treinish said. Perhaps this

is because ASC’s work can save

scientists like McDermott and

Rodriguez time and money, and

according to Treinish, “can speed

the process along of understanding

what’s [on Everest] by years.”

Even with more new members

in June than in the previous six

months combined, ASC is nowhere

near where it needs to be in terms

of funding, Treinish said. He’s

also applied for and inquired about

200-plus grants. But “there are a lot

of strong, narrow requirements for

granting foundations. Because we’re

a new concept and a new organization,

we don’t fit into those well.”

Rodriguez says ASC’s approach is

underrepresented and he hopes it

will continue to grow. He imagines

the ecotourism industry, for

example, could provide citizen

scientists the opportunity to record

data or collect samples all around

the world. In fact, he said, it’s a


“The future of our understanding

of climate change and how that

will impact natural and agricultural

ecosystems will depend on how

well we can make observations on a

smaller scale.”

July 1, 2011 13

14 July 1, 2011


up iN SmOkE

Montana medicinal marijuana is

in the hands of a helena judge,

but not entirely

bY taYLoR anDeRSon

Mike Singer woke up Thursday the

owner of a business.

The business, Sensible Alternatives

in Belgrade, which sold marijuana

to approved patients, wasn’t making

money yet. After paying off his

debts to contractors, employees and

electricians, Singer was ready to start

taking in a profit and giving money to

investors for the first time.

When he woke up on Friday he may

have lost his job. He wasn’t the only


“When we got into this we knew we

were taking a big risk,” Singer said.

Selling medicinal cannabis in Montana

was legal on June 30, but was

slated to become illegal July 1 when

SB 423, a bill passed by the Montana

Legislature, was set to take effect.

Legislators in March passed the

restricting bill making any sale of

medical marijuana illegal, effectively

closing dispensaries across the state

and ending an industry that opponents

long claimed shouldn’t have

existed. But that wasn’t the end of

the debate.

Caregivers, the bill says, would

now instead be required to give the

product away to no more than three

patients, a move that sought to end

the questionable tactics by pot tycoons

like Jason Christ of Missoula,

who became well known for his cannabis

caravans at which hundreds of

patients were approved for medicinal

marijuana within a few hours.

“There’s nowhere in [Initiative 148]

that creates an industry,” said Rep.

James Knox, R-Billings, an outspoken

proponent of repealing the law

altogether. “This movement wasn’t

really about medical as much as it is

about legalizing pot,” Knox said.

Singer’s story was in stark contrast to

other dispensaries operating perhaps

outside the realm of the 2004

voter-passed initiative that legalized

medical marijuana in the state. He’s

not a patient and says he doesn’t use

the drug, but believes in its medicinal


Singer seemed sure, even on the eve

of his business’s closing, that this

wasn’t the end of profitable medical

marijuana in Montana. His doors will

be closed and his pot plants nonexistent,

but the inside of his shop will

remain furnished and ready for a

potential reopening.

“You can’t sweep something like that

under the rug forever, it’s not going

away,” he said.

the JULY 1 DeaDLIne

Singer spent his last week apologizing

to patients that his selection was

limited. He’d stopped growing pot

in time to prepare for the halt of his

business, which was determined

when SB 423 passed both the Senate

and House in March.

The 35-page bill, introduced by

Senate Majority Leader Jeff Essmann,

R-Billings, would regulate

physicians who deem whether

“the horse is out of the barn,

now you’ve got to rein it

back in.” -Mike Singer, Sensible alternatives

or not Montana residents have an

approved debilitating ailment of

health. Going forward, doctors could

only prescribe to 25 patients in a

year before they face examination

by the Board of Medical Examiners

at the doctor’s expense, according to

the bill.

The bill’s passing coincided with

raids by federal and state narcotics

agents of more than two

dozen dispensaries across the state.

Agents razed plants, marijuana,

cash, weapons and cars from operations

like Queen City Caregivers

in Helena and Natural Medicine in

Great Falls.

The raids represented a statement

from state leaders that it would not

be business as usual after two years

of an all but clandestine exponential

boom. It created an industry that

grew from less than 100 in 2005, to

more than 4,000 patients in 2009,

and more than 30,000 this year, and

didn’t go unnoticed by officials.

The raids landed in Big Sky on

March 14 this year when agents

raided a business owner in town.

The owner, who wanted to remain

anonymous due to legal issues,

said his once successful business

fell into a downward spiral of lost

patients and falling profits.

“I spent a lot of money and a lot

of time doing it and trying to do

it right,” the owner said. “I’ve got

children, I’ve got a wife.”

It was a fate he’d experienced as

the owner of a construction business

in town before that industry

collapsed around 2008.

“We’re just doing the best we can,

having been shuffled so quickly out

of construction and then watching

this crumble too,” he said.

big Sky Weekly

Sources connected with the raids

said agents targeted businesses they

believed were operating outside the

law as established by Initiative 148.

But Knox – and others like him –

spoke with dissatisfied contempt

over SB 423, because he is a firm

believer that marijuana shouldn’t

be used medicinally by anyone. He

believed the solution to Montana’s

issues would be in an all-out repeal.

“It’s not like other medicines where

you have the ability to have a dose

measurement with an expected performance

based on height and weight,”

Knox said. “It’s not, ‘Take two tokes

and call me in the morning.”

Legislators passed a repeal bill

before SB 423, but Gov. Brian

Schweitzer vetoed that bill in a

branding session on the steps of the

capitol in Helena where he nixed 17

bills, all by Republican legislators.

Schweitzer has announced publicly

his belief in regulating the

industry, but has also spoken out

against SB 423. But in a move that

surprised some advocates, he didn’t

veto the bill, and instead let it take

effect without his signature.


After the law passed Schweitzer’s

branding iron unscathed, marijuana

advocates took action another way: in

the courts.

The Montana Caregivers Industry

Association asked a judge in Helena

for full injunction of the bill, claiming

unconstitutionality. A two-day

trial in Helena in June left owners

and patients in limbo in the weeks

leading up to the July 1 deadline.

“The referendum is moving forward,

there’s no sitting around and wait-

ing,” said Kate Cholewa, Director of Communications

for the MTCIA.

Cholewa said she was encouraged by the

case put forth by James Goetz, of Bozeman,

who represented the MTCIA. But the group

isn’t waiting around for the judge’s decision.

District Judge James Reynolds expressed his

dislike for parts of the bill during closing

statements on the final day of the hearing,

telling Assistant Attorney General Jim

Molloy that “the state is truly relying on

guardian angels to come forward” to provide

free cannabis to patients.

Molloy, representing the state, listed three

provisions he believed could be taken out of

the bill while maintaining its effectiveness.

But the MTCIA announced days before July

1 that it would ramp up efforts to collect the

24,000-plus signatures required for putting

an initiative on the ballot in November and

halting SB 423.

“There’s no sitting around and waiting,”

Cholewa said.

The attorney general’s office in Montana

announced July 28 that it would allow the

group to launch an all-out attempt at obtaining

the signatures and legitimizing another


No decision on the potential injunction

had been made as of press time, but had

the judge granted a complete injunction, it

would be likely that some dispensary owners

would close their doors for good.

optIMISM DeSpIte


Bozeman Police Chief Ron Price said he

wasn’t planning to raid dispensaries if

the bill took effect on July 1, but that the

department would follow whichever law

passed through the court.

“The laws change all the time, and people

ask me ‘How are you gearing up to it?’”

Price said. “We expect people to abide by

the law.”

The industry has always been illegal at

the federal level, but Initiative 148, which

passed with 62 percent of voter approval

in 2004, made medical marijuana legal in


Montana isn’t the only state that legalized

marijuana for medicinal use. There are 16

states and an estimated 1-to-1.5 million

patients nationwide, according to NORML


Advocates have voiced belief that a looming

backlash of patients flooding the black

market will come as a shock to lawmakers.

Patients have said publicly they want to

continue to use marijuana for medicine,

and they’ll likely search for it illegally if it

comes down to it.

“The horse is out of the barn,” Singer said.

“Now you’ve got to rein it back in.”

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big Sky Weekly

the medical marijuana

industry in Montana

grew from100 patients

in 2005, to more

than 4,000 patients

in 2009, and more than

30,000 this year

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July 1, 2011 15

Tickets $20 in advance,

available at choppers

pre-party 8 p.m., show 9 p.m.

(regular dining room hours till 7 p.m.)

big Sky Weekly

at choppers

in big sky


Big Sky’s golden Ticket

The Montana Office of Public Instruction and Montana

Food Bank Network are on a joint mission this

summer. Both organizations want to ensure children

have easy access to Summer Food Service Program sites

across the state.

“Food security is essential for the health and development

of all of our children,” said Anna Whiting

Sorrell, Director of the Montana Department of Public

Health and Human Services. Funded by the U.S.

Department of Agriculture, the Summer Food Service

Program supports free breakfast, lunch, and supper

meals, as well as snacks for hungry children in communities

throughout the Big Sky country.

“For a significant number of Montana families, summer

is an especially difficult time of year,” said Christine

Emerson, MS, RD, registered dietitian and OPI

director of School Nutrition Programs. During summer,

children from low-income families do not have

access to school breakfast or lunch, and their families

may have a hard time putting enough nutritious food

on the table. In these situations, Summer Food Service

Programs can fill a critical nutrition gap.

Big Sky

July 1, 2011

Volume 2 // Issue #12

Community pulls together for summer camp, performing arts center.

photoS anD StoRY bY KaeLa SChoMMeR

Something is stirring at Big Sky Resort, and no, it’s not

a monster. It’s a group of 24 kids learning to put on a

real Broadway show. Kids from first to seventh grade

are working tirelessly to put on a production of Willy

Wonka and the Chocolate Factory.

Director John Zirkle, vocal coach Stephanie Brink, producer

Barbara Rowley, camp director Eric Corliss, have

the help of two high school interns, Anna Middleton,

stage manager, and Ambros Locker, technical producer.

This amazing staff is assisting Big Sky Broadway campers

to produce it’s first complete show.

Camp officially started June 20, but the staff had been

putting in full days preparing for the kids for almost

two weeks before that. You can see all their hard work

July 1 at 6 p.m. in the resort’s auditorium.

Bring $5 for tickets at the door, and a little extra for

La Chatelaine chocolate bars that will be sold at the

performance. These aren’t just any yummy chocolate

bars, but there are five golden tickets hidden underneath

the wrappers.

If you happen to know one of the performers, Big

Sky’s newest florist, Big Sky Blooms will be on

hand selling bouquets and will donate half the

proceeds to Big Sky Broadway. If you love the performance

so much and want to see it again, there

will be an encore performance at Strings Under

the Big Sky, Friday July 8.

Producer Barbra Rowley says it takes a village to

put on a musical on a shoestring budget; thanks to

our community’s support, it looks like it will be

possible. Big Sky Resort is playing a big part in in

the program by providing a space for the kids to

rehearse for two weeks, as well as a venue for the

final performance. Barbra also says that they’re

lucky to have community-minded Kevin Barton as

the owner of Mountain View Hardware. Mountain

View Hardware provided Big Sky Broadway with

paint for the backdrops as well as random supplies.

Monica Eck, owner of Monica’s Salon, has donated her

own time as well as her assistants. They’ll do hair and

make-up for 24 cast members including those rowdy

Oompa Loompas.

In order to buy the license for the show the Big Sky

Community and several generous community members

‘paid it forward.’ Camp Big Sky, along with camp

director Katie Coleman, was also a huge help. They

helped advertise Big Sky Broadway and handled the


But the most important people it takes to put on a

musical are the parents, grandparents and kids who

provide help with costumes, props and snacks.

pErfOrmiNg arTS iN Big SkY

Performing arts doesn’t end with Big Sky Broadway.

Strings Under the Big Sky is having their annual summer

event to raise funds for the Ophir and Lone Peak

High School music programs. The event will be held

at the Clubhouse at the Club at Spanish Peaks on July

School’s out, summer food service programs are in

Volunteer in local programs to support

2 summer activities: Many Montana SFSP

OPI and the Montana Food Bank Network are collaborating

to provide critical outreach about local

SFSP opportunities. This means increasing both the

number of SFSP sponsors and the number of lowincome

children eating at SFSP sites. Thanks to this

work, Montana children can enjoy healthy meals

at schools, day camps, parks, recreation centers,

Boys and Girls Clubs, Salvation Army centers and a

variety of other sites.

“The real problem in Montana is that only 16 out

of every 100 kids who receive free or reduced price

school meals also eat free SFSP meals during the

summer,” notes Minkie Medora from the MFBN

Food Security Council. “Many families do not

know where the free summer meals for children are


Here are three ways all montanans can help:


Locate summer meal sites to share with needy

families: Montana Food Bank Network’s website

has a list at

8, and is sponsored by Friends of Big Sky Education.

The night will consist of music preformed by Ophir

students, and Mike Reynolds as well as members of

the Muir String Quartet. Tickets will be $75 a person,

and it includes dinner, beer/wine, as well as the wonderful


This year, Strings Under the Big Sky will kick off a

year of fundraising for the Warren Miller Performing

Arts Center, which will be on the Ophir School District

campus. This project is expected to be done in the

fall of 2012 and will be a community concert hall with

a 1,435 square foot stage/classroom, and 280 cushioned

stadium seats set on risers. The completion of

this project will cost around $1 million, so it is crucial

that the Big Sky community is involved.

Strings Under the Big Sky has been supporting

music programs at Ophir and Lone Peak High

School for the last five years. They have accumulated

over $10,000 annually, which has enabled

the school district to enhance the music programs

with violin instruction and the purchasing of

instruments. To purchase tickets call 995-7951 or


Rehearsals for “Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory”

programs offer more than lunch in the park. For

example, the Education Foundation for Billings

Public Schools offers Reading Rocks where volunteers

read and provide free books to children.


Support the Montana Food Bank Network:

As Montana’s statewide hunger fighting

organization, the network is building a unified

force to provide long term solutions to food insecurity.

Dayle Hayes, MS, RD (EatRightMT2000@gmail.

com) developed this information for Eat Right Montana,

a coalition promoting healthy eating and active

lifestyles. Past and current issues of Eat Right

Montana, a monthly nutrition and physical activity

tips are available at

July 1, 2011 17

Y bRanDon nILeS

With the finals completed, NBA fans

look to free agency and the draft for

hope that their teams will compete

next season. It’s one of my favorite

events of the year, and during the

draft, even fans of the worst teams are

able to find hope for the future. With

the 2011 NBA draft in the books, it’s

time to take a look at the best and the

worst of draft night.

18 July 1, 2011


they also drafted

Texas power forward

Tristan Thompson

fourth overall.

Thompson has the

potential to develop

into a great player

and should team up

well with Irving.

Cavs fans should be


charlotte – The

Bobcats are in

rebuilding mode,

shedding salaries and trying to accumulate

young talent to develop.

With that in mind, they made a trade

that sent aging Stephen Jackson to

Milwaukee for Corey Maggette and

the 19th pick for the seventh. The

Bobcats already had the ninth pick,

and with their two top-ten choices,

they grabbed Bismack Biyombo,

power forward from Congo, and

guard Kemba Walker from UConn.

depth. They drafted Duke guard

Nolan Smith to add some backcourt

depth and outside shooting, but most

notably they traded aging but reliable

point guard Andre Miller to Denver

for young and talented Raymond

Felton. Felton has the ability to be the

future in Portland. This trade allowed

the Trail Blazers to come out of the

draft well after addressing one of

their two biggest needs.


minnesota – As usual, the Timberwolves

made questionable moves

during the draft. With the second

pick, they selected the second-best

player in forward Derrick Williams

from Arizona. However, the forward

position is arguably the strongest on

their team and they should’ve traded

that pick for something else. Minnesota’s

failure to add a center or a

reliable scorer at the shooting guard

position makes them a loser in this

draft, despite the addition of Williams.

toronto – Needing help in the

backcourt, the Raptors chose instead

to take a developmental big man in

Jonas Valanciunas from Lithuania

with the fifth pick. While talented,

he has contract issues and may not be

big Sky Weekly

NBa Eastern Conference: predictions for next year

Mortgage rates are

still historically low


Biyombo has a rare blend of athleti-

cleveland – This is a weak draft, but

cism and ability, while Walker brings

the top pick, point guard Kyrie




a winning attitude and the ability to

from Duke, is as close to a sure thing

hit big shots.

as you can get this year. The addition

of Irving gives them a young,

Portland – Portland came into the

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Mortgage rates are

still historically low

Mortgage rates are

Act Don’t now miss your chance

still historically low

• Switch from an ARM to a predictable fixed-rate loan

• Access funds for large expenses or debt management

• Get a shorter term to pay off your mortgage faster

• Finance your closing costs as part of your new loan

Just a few minutes with a home mortgage consultant will

help you understand your refinancing options.

Act now

Look into refinancing with a responsible lending leader.

Contact Wells Fargo Home Mortgage today

Wells Fargo Home Mortgage continues to offer quality

refinance choices, including options that address many of

Lance Child

the unique challenges Look into facing refinancing homeowners today. You may

Private with Mortgage a responsible Banker lending leader.

be able to: Wells Fargo Home Phone: Mortgage 406-995-4625 continues to offer quality

refinance choices,

• Lower your monthly mortgage Cell: including

payment 406-580-5489 options that address many of

the unique challenges

• Switch from an ARM to a predictable 145 Center facing Lane, homeowners

fixed-rate Suite loan A today. You may

be able to:

• Access funds for large expenses

Big Sky,






• Get a shorter term • Lower to pay your

off monthly your mortgage faster payment

• Finance your closing • Switch costs from NMLSR

as an part ARM ID

of to 403996

your a predictable new loan fixed-rate loan

• Access funds for large expenses or debt management

• Get a shorter term to pay off your mortgage faster

Don’t miss your chance

• Finance your closing costs as part of your new loan

Just a few minutes with a home mortgage consultant will

help you understand your refinancing options.

Don’t miss your chance

Just a few minutes with a home mortgage consultant will

help you understand your refinancing options.

Contact Wells Fargo Home Mortgage today

Credit is subject to approval. Some restrictions apply. This information is

accurate as of date of printing and is subject to change without notice.

Wells Fargo Home Mortgage is a division of Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. ©2011

Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. All rights reserved. NMLSR ID 399801.

Lance Contact Child Wells Fargo Home Mortgage today

Private Mortgage Banker

Phone: 104226 406-995-4625

- 06/


Lance Child

Cell: 406-580-5489 Private Mortgage Banker

145 Center Lane, Phone: Suite 406-995-4625


Big Sky, MT 59716 Cell: 406-580-5489

145 Center Lane, Suite A

Big Sky, MT 59716

NMLSR ID 403996

NMLSR ID 403996

Mortgage rates are

still historically low

Act now

available next year. Meanwhile, they

let Kentucky point guard Brandon

Knight slide past them. Knight

would’ve instantly upgraded the

Toronto backcourt. Toronto failed to

address any needs, while rolling the

dice on an international player with

contract issues.

Golden state – The Warriors chose

to grab shooting guard Klay Thompson

from Washington State 11th

overall. Thompson isn’t a bad choice,

but the Warriors badly need reliable

players at the forward positions and

instead went with a guard. The team

has a loaded backcourt, and they

passed on available forwards like

Kawhi Leonard and Marcus Morris.

While I do like the acquisition of center

Jeremy Tyler in the second round,

Golden State didn’t get as much as

they could’ve out of this draft.

Brandon Niles has done online freelance

writing since 2007. A Communication

Studies graduate student

at the University of North Carolina

Greensboro, Niles is also an avid Miami

Dolphins fan, which has led to his

becoming an avid Scotch whisky fan

over the past decade. He’d love to visit

Montana one day.

Look into refinancing with a responsible lending leader.

Wells Fargo Home Mortgage continues to offer quality

refinance choices, including options that address many of

the unique challenges facing homeowners today. You may

be able to:

• Lower your monthly mortgage payment

• Switch from an ARM to a predictable fixed-rate loan

• Access funds for large expenses or debt management

• Get a shorter term to pay off your mortgage faster

• Finance your closing costs as part of your new loan

Don’t miss your chance

Just a few minutes with a home mortgage consultant will

help you understand your refinancing options.

Contact Wells Fargo Home Mortgage today

Lance Child

Private Mortgage Banker

Phone: 406-995-4625

Cell: 406-580-5489

145 Center Lane, Suite A

Big Sky, MT 59716

NMLSR ID 403996

Credit is subject to approval. Some restrictions apply. This information is

accurate as of date of printing and is subject to change without notice.

Wells Fargo Home Mortgage is a division of Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. ©2011

Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. All rights reserved. NMLSR ID 399801.

104226 - 06/


SafETY firST

Guidelines for the river

bY DanIeLLe ChaMbeRLaIn

Water, moving or not, is very dangerous.

No one expects when they

start a day on the river or lake that it

may end badly, but it can happen.

According to Montana Fish, Wildlife

and Parks, Montana has seen 44

boating fatalities in the last seven

years. Of these, 29 involved individuals

not wearing life jackets.

Here are some tips to make sure

your day on the water is safe:

1. Wear a lIFe JacKet

Make sure to choose a proper life

jacket that fits and is specific to your

activity. For example, a water skiing

life jacket will work great on a lake

but not on a river.

2. leaVe tHe booZe

at Home

Ron Jendro, FWP boating law

administrator says, “Alcohol was

the leading factor in 19 percent of

the boating deaths reported in 2010


3. aVoId straIners

Strainers are large objects, like a tree,

that are caught in fast moving water.

These are dangerous because water

can pass through, but objects the size

of a human cannot.

4. do not stand uP In Fast

moVInG Water

The bottoms of many Montana

rivers are layered with rocks. If

you stand up, there is a chance

your leg can become stuck between

rocks and your body will be forced


5. scout raPIds

Always know what’s ahead and scout

rapids. A good way to learn the river

is to go on a raft trip with a local rafting


6. taKe a saFety course

Go to for more information.

“Whether you are an operator or a

passenger this July 4 weekend, avoid

alcohol and always wear your life

jacket,” says Jendro.

Danielle Chamberlain is a fifth-year

raft guide at Geyser Whitewater.

photo CoURteSY of GeYSeR WhIteWateR

big Sky Weekly

July 1, 2011 19









Open Mon.-Sat. 9-5 and Sunday 10-2



Straight from the

source to your table

Learn more

and order online at



Spring Clean Up, Irrigation, Gardening, Mowing, Water Feature Care,

Weed Control, Organic Fertilizer and Microbial Soil Amendment, Tree

Care by Licensed Arborist


406.995.4818 •

Hwy 191 just south of the

Big Sky stoplight

Growing in Big Sky for 31 years

we deliver

some restaurants

do italian food.

some do chinese food.





Noxious Weed

Spraying for:

serving breakfast

lunch & dinner

Mountain Pine Beetle

Spruce Bud Worm



and Open Spaces

Licensed and Insured

heaLth & WeLLneSS



adding healthier, balanced food choices

to menus will curb the cravings for the

foods we know aren’t the best

bY VICtoRIa bentLeY, nCtMb, CpI, LMt, hC

We all have cravings. They are not a

major health concern, but they do

affect our lives. Cravings are there for

a reason, and they can lead to

other health issues. By deconstructing

our cravings we can better

understand what our bodies need.

Whether we realize it or not, the

body is always moving toward a state

of homeostasis – or balance.

What do you crave? Sweet, salty,

spicy, creamy, cold, crunchy, hard,

dry or moist? These are all hints as to

what’s going on. Again, there are no

accidents in what we’re craving.

When and why? Notice the time of

day and what’s going on in your life

when you crave something. What

you discover might surprise you.

the problem: Cravings can be

repeated, non-nutritious choices,

such as caffeine, sweets and processed

snacks. They are a quick fix, hit the

bloodstream hard, and over time do

us damage both physiologically and

emotionally. Most of us live on-the-

go lifestyles, so it’s difficult to

make healthy snack or meal choices

when those cravings creep up.

the solution: Keep nutrient-dense,

whole food choices on-hand. Balancing

foods such as fruits, veggies, nuts/

seeds and leafy greens generally do

not create cravings. They are complete

on their own.

Making mindful nutritious choices

will create healthy eating patterns

and a good relationship with food.

Slowing down to chew food makes a

world of a difference. Remember, our

bodies want to be in balance and

run efficiently.

Victoria Bentley is the

Owner and Director

of Bentley Bodies, a

premiere mind-bodywellness


committed to healthy

lifestyle choices. Locations

are in Big Sky and Bozeman.


• Cabin and Boat Rentals

• Boat Launch

• Serving breakfast, lunch

and supper

Located on the North Shore of

Hebgen Lake, West Yellowstone

big Sky Weekly



Fill a prescription. Refill a prescription. Shop

for over-the-counter remedies for head

colds, heartburn, and whatever else ails you.

Quickly. Conveniently. Right here in Big Sky

at Meadow Village Center across from the

Big Sky Chapel.

Hours: Monday-Friday, 10:00 am-6:00 pm;

Closed 2:00-2:30 pm for lunch

Meadow Village Center | 36 Center Ln, Suite 2

406-993-9390 |

July 1, 2011 21

22 July 1, 2011



9 9 5 - 7 8 5 2


Home Life Auto

The Agency Insurance Division

Protecting Your Assets

Call us today at 993 9242 or visit us on the web at

Acupuncture &

Herbal Medicine

81 W. Kagy Blvd, Bozeman, MT


horse of a different color

Grants Available for

home Fire Suppression

Approved RC&D

Hazardous fuels

reduction contractor

Tom Newberry:


Live with the things you Love

Big Sky Meadow Village

Across from the Post Office


Monday - Saturday: 10-5

Sunday: 11-5










big Sky Weekly






Business profile

of the Week

big Sky’s own:

Consignment Cabin

Dick and Janine Schaible got their start out west much the same way

as other Midwesterners. They caught wind of the beauty, they took a

trip to Montana, and they stayed.

After years of visiting the area for ski trips, the Schaibles bought a

condo in Big Sky. Now, the couple has moved somewhat permanently

into the area and are looking to make a mark on the community by

opening Big Sky’s first consignment goods store, the Consignment

Cabin, open July 1.

“Before, the Big Sky community had to go a long way to find consignment,”

Dick said. “If they have things to be resold, they’ve got a long

way to go to get to Bozeman.”

Located in the Big Horn center off Highway 191 just before the righthand

turn to Big Sky, the Consignment Cabin occupies two parts of a

four-business building.



OZssage Ltd - Therapeutic Massage & Spa

Selling lightly used, quality

“before, the big Sky community had

to clothes, go a long sporting way to find goods, consignment.

If they have things to be resold,

home they’ve furnishings got a long way & more! to go to

get to bozeman.” Located across from Bugaboo in

-Dick Schaible, the Big Horn owner, Center Consignment off Hwy 191 Cabin

They don’t buy any of the goods that are sold in the store and operate

strictly on consignment. The rustic clothing, sporting goods and

furniture reflect Please a part of Western call Janine life in the or area. Dick @

(406) 993-9333 for an appointment

to consign your items for sale with

Whether you’re on your way out of town or on the hunt for some

authentic Montana goods, drop into the Consignment Cabin. They’ll

us in our new store.

treat you like a good friend.




big Sky Weekly





Visit our website for a complete list of services and classes


Delilah Price Eakman, 406-581-2442, Big Sky, MT





NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN: on June 14, 2011, by Resolution of

Intent No. 2011-045, the County Commissioners of Gallatin County






101 ET SEQ.

A public hearing to consider the RESOLUTION CREATING THE


DISTRICT will be held July 26, 2011, at 9:00 a.m., 3rd Fl, Community

Room, Gallatin County Courthouse, 311 W. Main, Bozeman

MT, 59715. All members of the public are invited to attend.

An owner of property that is liable to be assessed for the program

or improvements in the proposed special district has 30 days from

the date of the first publication of the notice of passage of resolution

of intention to make written protest against the proposed

program or improvements. The protest must be in writing, identify

the property in the district with a legal description, be signed by all

the owners of that property, and be delivered to the Gallatin County

Clerk & Recorder, 311 W. Main St, Room 203, Bozeman, MT,

59715, no later than 5:00 p.m., July 22, 2011.

For further information on the action to be taken contact -- Commissioners

Bill Murdock, Joe Skinner, or Steve White, 311 W.

Main, Room 306, Bozeman MT 59715, phone (406) 582-3000,

or email A copy of the RESOLU-


description, map and other information is available on the Gallatin

County website “What’s Happening”:

DATED this 20th day of June, 2011.

Charlotte Mills, Clerk and Recorder, Gallatin County, Bozeman, Montana

July 1, 2011 23






*½ price well drinks and pints


24 July 1, 2011


• Daily drink


• Live Music

• 12 HDTVs

July Music

big Sky Weekly



• Amazing Food

• 100 beers

• 100 wines

Sat. 2nd Jeff Bellino 9:30 p.m.

Thurs. 7th Milton Menasco & the Big Fiasco 10:00 p.m.

Sat. 9th Eli Madden 9:30 p.m.

Mon. 11th Open Mic 9:30 p.m.

Thurs. 14th The Cropdusters 10:00 p.m.

Sat. 16th Bob Rose 9:30 p.m.

Mon. 18th Open Mic 9:30 p.m.

Thurs. 21st The Boozehounds 10:00 p.m.

Sat. 23rd Michael Harring & Dew Dog 9:30 p.m.

Mon. 25th Open Mic 9:30 p.m.

Thurs. 28th The Tyler James Brigade 10:00 p.m.

Sat. 30th Landlocked 9:30 p.m.





big sky, montana





thursday, July 14, 7 p.m.

Eye in the Sky Gallery will be mixing

up its medium by hosting local artist

Jackie Rainford Corcoran. She will be

the first guest artist at Eye in the Sky,

and Kene Sperry (owner and photographer)

plans to feature many more local

artists in the future.

Rainford will display her latest work

of sensual curves, simple lines and

rich colors. This installment from

Rainford focuses on the simplistic

beauty of the female form, highlighting

many different mediums—oil on

Big SkY

arT ExhiBiTiON: kidS fLY


July 1

Crail Ranch

10 - Noon

arTiST aNd arTiSaNS


Crail Ranch

July 3

11 a.m. - 4 p.m.

aLL SaiNTS iN Big SkY

OuTdOOr WOrShip


Big Sky Chapel Gardens

July 3

9:30 a.m.

Big SkY 4Th Of JuLY


Big Sky Community Park

9 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Big SkY arT’S COuNCiL


Freddy Pink

Town Center

7 p.m.

mixEd dOuBLES diSC


Big Horn Ridge Community Course

July 5, 12

6 p.m.



Lone Peak Brewery

July 6, 13

8 p.m.

friENdS Of ThE LiBrarY


Big Sky Community Library

July 6

10 a.m.

Big SkY farmErS’


Town Center

July 6, 13

5 - 8 p.m.

pLaNNiNg aN EVENT? Let us know! Email and

we’ll spread the word. Check for an extended calendar.

Artwork by Jackie Rainford Corcoran

canvas, linoleum block prints, paper

on wood and pastel on paper.

Ten percent of all sales on opening

night will be donated to the

Yellowstone Club Community

Foundation, which awards grants to

eligible community-based nonprofit


kidS WaShTuB muSiC

Crail Ranch

BSCC - 406- 993- 2112

July 12

10 a.m.



Mary Sue Tallichet

July 13

1 p.m.

muSiC iN ThE

mOuNTaiNS: ChuCk

mEad aNd hiS graSSY


Town Center

July 14

7 p.m.

Big SkY arT WaLk

July 16 - July 17

Meadow Village

2-8 p.m.


Big Sky Resort Mountain Village

July 16

kidS OLd faShiONEd

gamES daY

Crail Ranch

July 16

11 a.m. - 2 p.m.





July 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16

8 p.m.

frEE fLY fiShiNg CLiNiCS

Jacklin’s Fly Shop

July 3, 10, 17

7:30 p.m.

Big BrOThErS/Big SiSTErS

rummagE SaLE

Town Park

July 4

9 - 3 p.m.


fuNdraiSiNg EVENT

Chamber of Commerce Parking Lot

11 - 2 p.m.

Town Park

6 p.m.

JuLY 4Th paradE/muSiC/


6 p.m.

Fireworks- 10 p.m.

iSLaNd park LiBrarY

friENdS 10Th aNNuaL

arTS aNd CrafTS fair

Buffalo Run RV Park

July 15-16

10 a.m. - 6 p.m.



farmErS’ markET

July 2, 9, 16

Gallatin Valley Fairgrounds

9 - Noon

BOgErT farmErS’


July 3, 12

5 p.m.

muSiC ON maiN

July 7, 14

6:30 p.m.

iCE CrEam SOCiaL aT

ThE farm

Museum of the Rockies

July 4

2 - 4 p.m.


Featuring Bozeman Symphony

Emerson Lawn

July 6

11:30 a.m. - 1:30 p.m.

map aNd COmpaSS


Bozeman REI

July 7

6:30 - 8:30 p.m.

Historic Crail Ranch on Spotted Elk

Road in Big Sky is once again offering

a series of free family events

this summer. Historic Crail Ranch

is a history museum in an authentic

early 1900s homesteader’s cabin

open for tours weekends from noon

to 3 p.m. during July and August.

The season starts with the Pat Allen

Fly Fishing Clinic for kids ages

6-14, a clinic conducted by professional

guides from local fly shops

and well known local fly fishing

experts. The day includes demonstrations,

hands-on fly-casting practice

and fun competitions. The class

is free, but limited to 30 kids. Sign

up in advance (406) 993-2112. Kids

need to bring hats and sunglasses

big Sky Weekly


arT WaLk

July 8

6 - 8 p.m.



Ellen Theatre

July 8

7 p.m.



Presents Dennis Stroughmatt and

Creole Spirit

Pilgrim Congregational Church

July 11

7 p.m.


Featuring Bebe LaBoeuf

Emerson Lawn

July 13

11:30 a.m. - 1:30 p.m.


Of pLaNT idENTifiCaTiON

Bozeman REI

July 14

6:30 - 8:30 p.m.


gardiNEr COmmuNiTY


Tumbleweed Bookstore

July 5

6:30 p.m.

VirgiNia CiTY

EighTh aNNuaL dOg

aNd grOg, mONTaNa


July 15, 16

12 p.m. -7p.m. No Cover charge

Bale of Hay Saloon

Virginia City Chamber

Call for Hotels 800-829-2969

free family Events mark Crail ranch Summer kickoff

and may bring their own fly fishing

equipment or use equipment supplied

by instructors.

The annual Crail Ranch Artist and

Artisans Market, will again feature

artists and craftspeople from Montana

and the nearby region. Also,

several events at Crail Ranch are

planned later in the month, including

Kids “Washtub” Music, Kids

Old Fashioned Games Day, Kids

Theatre Workshop, the Crail Ranch

Bake Sale, and Paula Halvorsen’s

Colors of Kyrgyzstan trunk sale

of rugs, clothing, dolls and other

items. See above event calendar for

event specifics.

- Al Lockwood

July 1, 2011 25


hOmE Of ThE




$15 WiTh phOTO

Each ad can

be up to 4 lines

(maximum of

30 words).

additional lines

are $5 per line,

maximum of 8

words per line.

Email classifieds and/or

advertising requests to:

(406) 995-2055

26 July 1, 2011


West yellowstone ski education


Program Director/Yellowstone

Ski Festival Coordinator. Annual

salary: $30,000. The West Yellowstone

Ski Education Foundation

is seeking a Program Director and

Yellowstone Ski Festival Coordinator.

Duties include planning,

coordinating, and executing crosscountry

ski events, marketing

cross country skiing in and around

West Yellowstone, and assisting

in management and maintenance

of the Rendezvous trails. Detailed

job description at:

Position is contingent upon annual

budgetary consideration by

the WYSEF Board of Directors.

Applicants should submit a cover

letter and resume to: WYSEF,

P.O. Box 956, West Yellowstone,

MT 59758. Applications must be

received by 7/15/11.


Opening at the Medical Clinic of

Big Sky for receptionist/patient

coordinator. Previous medical

background helpful but not required.

Must be computer savvy,

have the ability to multi task,

work well with others and maintain

confidentiality at all times.

Bring fax or resume to the Medical

Clinic, 11 Lone Peak Trail - suite

202 - FAX 406-993-2965 or mail

to PO Box 160609, Big Sky, MT



Get ready to sweat!

bentley bodies boot camp

every tues & thurs

6:00 a.m. - 7:00 a.m.

Join us for this rigorous and fun

overall functional fitness class:

Combination of interval style

plyometrics, kettle bells, suspension

trainers, free weights

and outdoor work (weather

permitting). Class

size minimum of 6, max 10.

$10/class, total of 16 sessions

(June 7 - July 28). Reservations

big Sky Weekly

required. Call Victoria to secure

a spot - 406-570-9154

Location: Bentley Bodies Studio

in Big Sky, above Gallatin

Alpine Sports

summer yogalattes

every saturday at 8:30 a.m.

Fusion of classical Pilates mat

with Vinyasa yoga


Drop-ins welcome

Where: Bentley Bodies Studio in

Big Sky, above Gallatin Alpine

Sports Call Victoria with any

questions 406-570-9154


Contact Outlaw Partners at

(406) 995-2055 or


featured independent publishers

The Independent Book Publishing

Professionals Group recently named

the best independent books of 2011.

The books are winners of the 2011

Next Generation Indie Book Awards,

the largest non-profit book awards

program worldwide, judged by leaders

in the indie book publishing industry

to identify books that deserve to reach

a wider audience.

“We like to think of our awards

program as the ‘Sundance’ of the book

publishing world,” says Catherine

Goulet, Chair of the 2011 book awards


Independent book publishing companies

are independent of the major

conglomerates that dominate the

book publishing industry. The indies

include small presses, larger independent

publishers, university presses,

e-book publishers and self-published


Make sure to check the Big Sky Community

Library and the Bozeman Public

Library for these and other summer

reading titles.

top non-fICtIon booKS

Last Chance: Preserving

Life on Earth, by Larry

J. Schweiger (Fulcrum


top fICtIon booKS

Carny: A Novel in

Stories, by James Hitt

(Aberdeen Bay Press)

enVIRonMentaL eDUCatoR

Our atmosphere:

four layers, 7.5 miles thick

and very important

bY eILeen ConnoRS

This image shows the orange-colored troposphere, the lowest and most

dense portion of the Earth’s atmosphere.

People look to the sky and see endless space, so they think earth’s atmosphere

goes on forever. Really though, our atmosphere’s four layers--the troposphere,

stratosphere, mesosphere and thermosphere--together extend about 400 miles

above earth’s surface. The first two layers, the troposphere and stratosphere, are

where relevant environmental problems are happening.

The troposphere extends five miles above the poles and 10 miles above the equator.

On global average, that’s about 7.5 miles above our heads. With the exception

of the ozone molecules in the ozone layer, the troposphere is where all elements

reside. All life and weather happens here, and Earth’s natural greenhouse effect

happens in the troposphere, because natural greenhouse gases act like glass, trapping

heat, making earth livable. Today, humans are emitting greenhouse gases,

such as carbon dioxide. We emit 70 million tons of it into the troposphere, causing

global warming to increase in the troposphere.

The stratosphere extends from the top of the troposphere, and ends 30 miles

above Earth’s surface. The ozone layer resides in the top 15 miles of the stratosphere.

Does that make the ozone layer sound big? Think again: if it were at the

Earth’s surface it would be compressed to an 1/8th of an inch thick.

To keep us in a livable planet, get your daily environmental education at

and highly rated phone app.

Touching: Poems of Love,

Longing, and Desire,

edited by Sari Friedman

and D. Patrick Miller

(Fearless Books)

The DeValera Deception,

by Michael McMenamin

& Patrick McMenamin

(Enigma Books)

Serve to Lead ® : Your

Transformational 21st

Century Leadership System,

by James M. Strock

(Serve to Lead Press)

I Can Only Give You

Everything, by Bradford

Tatum (self-published)

Tax return preparation

Tax planning

Payroll Services


Financial Statement preparation

Business Consulting

Business Valuation




Celebrating 40 years of business serving

Montana and the Gallatin Valley!

1184 North 15th Ave. Ste. 1, Bozeman, MT 59715

Phone (406) 587-9239 Fax (406) 586-4737

big Sky Weekly

top DeSIGn booK

Wisconsin’s Own: Twenty Remarkable

Homes, by M. Caren

Connolly and Louis Wasserman,

photographs by Zane Williams

(Wisconsin Historical Society


2012 next GeneRatIon

InDIe booK aWaRDS

Entries are now being accepted

for the 2012 Next Generation

Indie Book Awards. The awards

program is open to fiction and

nonfiction books from independent

authors and publishers

worldwide released in 2011 or

2012 or with a copyright date of

2011 or 2012.

- from the Weekly’s wire services

July 1, 2011 27

big Sky Weekly

406.995.4060 • 800.995.4060

Big Sky Town Center • 55 Lone Peak Drive • Suite 3

Prudential Montana Real Estate is your statewide real estate company with 12 offices to serve you in the communities of

Big Sky, Bozeman, Dillon, Ennis, Sheridan, Twin Bridges, Hamilton, Florence, Missoula, Seeley Lake & Polson.


$5,100,000 • #157326 • Call Don

• 216 +/- acres of beautiful old growth forest

• Northfork runs through for ap. ¾ miles

• great views of lower portions of Wilson Peak

• borders public lands


$1,310,000 • #175582 • Call George

• 3 bd, 5 ba, 4,500 +/- sf

• 8 +/- acres consisting of two contiguous lots

• pond provides water feature

• natural landscaping with mature trees


$689,000 • Call Stacy or Anne

• 4 bd, 3 ba, 2,790 +/- sf

• luxury timer frame home

• ski/in, ski/out

• hot tub backs to open space, stream


$399,000 • #174726 • Call Eric/Stacy

• Unit #19 3bd, 3.5 ba 2500 +/- sf

• designer furnishings, end unit, bonus room

• gourmet kitchen, stainless appliances

• outdoor hot tub, Lone Mountain views


$214,000 • #165108 • Call Eric

• 2 bd, ba, 1207 +/- sf furnished condo

• counter unit, spacious kitchen

• 1 car attached garage

• close to Big Sky Town Center

Don Pilotte, Broker, GRI, RRS, SFR, 406.580.0155

Eric Ossorio, Broker, 406.539.9553

Stacy Ossorio, Broker, 406.539.8553

Debbie Applebaum, Sales Associate, 406.570.7474


$4,200,000 • #168903 • Call Stacy or Don

• 32.69 +/- acres, 4 bd, 7 ba, 7,084 +/- sf

• 15,000 +/- sf barn with 70’ x 140’ arena

• 6 stalls and caretaker’s apartment

• spectacular property with scenic views


$1,300,000 • #176635 • Call George

• 3 bd, 3 ba, 3,400 +/- sf

• located on 4+/- acres

• guest apartment above garage

• incredible views with Aspen trees galore


$650,000 • #157988 • Call Don

• 20 +/- acre secluded lot gated community

• wooded mountain views

• paved road, power, phone to lot

• 5 min. to Meadow Village


$349,000 • #173281 • Call Stacy or Eric

• 1.333 +/- acre lot , ski-in/ski-out

• adjacent to Thunderwolf Lift

• breathtaking Lone Mountain views

• agent owned


$189,500 • #139949 • Call Don

• .36 +/- acres

• level building lot

• breathtaking views of Porcupine Drainage

and the Gallatin Range abound

Toni Delzer, Sales Associate, 406.570.3195

Mark Dobrenski, Sales Associate, 406.599.2175

George Hagar, Sales Associate, 406.580.2248


$1,800,000 • # 173605 • Call Stacy or Eric

• 2 bd, 3 ba, 2,200 +/- sf

• unique structure on 30 +/- acre tract

• 3 massive stone fireplaces

• 360 views to Lone Mtn. and beyond


$795,000 • #176798 • Call Stacy or Anne

• cabin #18, 4bd, 3 ba, 2577 +/- sf

• furnished ski/In ski/out to White Otter Lift

• numerous upgrades, river rock fireplace

• entertaining deck off of kitchen, hot tub


$519,900 • #173321 • Call Stacy or Eric

• 3 bd, 3 ba, 2548 +/- sf

• end unit, ground floor

• southern exposure

• clubhouse with outdoor pool


$345,000 • #177637 • Call Don

• 3 bd, 2 ba, 2016 +/- sf, never been rented

• open floor plan, fireplace, main floor master

• large deck, views of the Spanish Peaks

• 1 car attached garage, ample storage areas


$173,000 • #171967 • Call George

• 2 bd, 2 ba, 991 +/- s

• beautifully furnished, gas fireplace

• clean, well appointed

• good rental income

Marc Lauermann, Sales Assoc., ABR, SFR, 406.581.8242


$1,550,000 • Call George

• 6+/- acres, 2 homes, total of 6 bd, 5 ba

• kitchen with high-end appliances

• great room with rock fireplaces

• outstanding view of Porcupine Mountain


$749,000 • #173648 • Call Marc

• 4 bd, 3.5 ba, 3136 +/- sf, 1+ acre lot

• great for entertaining, hot tub

• at the base of Wardance ski run

• nestled in the trees at Mountain Village


$499,000 • #176526 • Call Stacy

• 3 bd, 2.5 ba, 2365+/- sf, custom finishes

• bonus room above 2 car attached garage

• tongue & groove pine ceiling

• hot tub, flagstone patio with fire pit


$325,000 • #146472 • Call Don

• 2bd 2 ba, 1,037 +/- sf furnished condo

• fireplace, spacious kitchen, 1 car garage

• ski/in ski/out accessibility

• outdoor hot tub—unique in Big Horn


$119,900 & $134,900 • Call George

• Lot 140 & 144, .46 +/- acres lots

• wonderful building sites, gorgeous views

• water & sewer (septic) metered

• purchase 1 lot or make an offer on both

Anne MacKenzie, Sales Associate, 406.223.1095

Peter MacKenzie, Sales Associate, 406.223.1195


OVErhEard: the fUnnY thInGS toURIStS SaY

here are a few funny quotes heard by local

businesses and guides.

Locals: try to hold your scoffing and take a moment

to remember the last time you were out of

your element.

“When do you let the wild

animals out of their cages?”

“Look, honey, a cow!”

ON ThE riVEr:

“are the rocks moving or us?”

“Where are the tracks to attach the rafts?”

“are we going to get wet?”

“Where does the river

loop back around?”

“do we have to paddle?”

“how do you make

the sky so big?”

Where is the nozzle that

turns on Old faithful?

“at what

elevation do deer

turn into elk?”

B I G S K Y R E S O R T: B A S E C A M P T O Y E L L O W S T O N E

July 1, 2011 29

30 July 1, 2011


Winter - Mountain


1.11 acres in Big Sky’s Mountain Village

Lot includes existing water well - 15 gal/min.

Spectacular views - Head-on panorama of Lone Mountain

Skiing only minutes away


Summer - Golf Course


.25 acres

Located on the 13th tee box of Big Sky Golf Course

Private cul-de-sac road

Par 3 at your doorstep

big Sky Weekly

CALL JEFF - 406-539-2855 Brokers offered 3.5% commission for buyer. Lots packaged for sale together; will consider selling separately.

Picture a custom-built surfboard for Shaquille

O’Neal. SUP (Stand Up Paddleboarding) boards have

similar shapes and

lengths as traditional

‘longboards’ but with

added thickness and

width for stability. SUP

allows adventurous

spirits to cruise and play

on their favorite rivers,

lakes and coastlines

while comfortably

standing on their own

two feet.

So far, SUP pioneers

have established three

styles. The first to

develop into a popular

sport was the surfing

style. Early surfers in

Hawaii used enormous

(by today’s standards)

Balsa wood boards that

they could stand up on

outside the break and

paddle back toward

shore catching waves

the whole way. For

years the progression in

surfing was all about making boards smaller and more

dynamic on the wave. As a result, this paddling style of

surfing was largely lost until board shapers learned to

make lighter boards that retained the stability needed

for the paddler to stay standing up, even in powerful

ocean currents.

Surfing phenomenon Laird Hamilton stumbled across

SUP’s potential while using a ‘tandem’ board to teach

his children and students how to catch their first

waves. He started making custom paddles to go with

his tandem boards and quickly showed thousands

the possibilities of new board designs and materials.

Hence, in the world’s most famous surfing paradise,

and under the feet the one of the most well known

surfers, modern SUP surfing was born.

Naturally, SUP surfers started taking their new fast

gliding, stable boards on extended tours to explore

Noun: wild or rough terrain

adjacent to a developed area

Origin: shortened form of

“back 40 acres”

Sup mONTaNa?!

Catchin waves on the fly, the Blackfoot River

photoS anD StoRY bY ShaWn RobeRtSon

Two sports become one on the manmade

river feature, Brennan’s Wave in Missoula

an introduction to

stand up paddleboarding,

the hottest thing to hit the

water this summer.

coves, beaches and distant breaks. With just a few

tweaks in design and the addition of an extended paddle

shaft for standing,

early SUPers bridged

the gap between the


sport of surfing and

the more tranquil

realm of flat water

and fitness cruising. If

current trends are any

indication, this is the

style of SUP that will

inspire more people

than ever to add surfboards

to their list of

favorite toys.

Perhaps to prove

his favorite new

sport wasn’t just for

island-dwelling surf

addicts and cruisers,

Hamilton took the

sport in a different

direction when

he rode his board

through the mighty

rapids of the Grand

Canyon. It turned

out there were many other landlocked souls with a

yearning to stand with board and paddle.


for the big Sky Weekly, the back 40 is a resource: a

place where we can delve into subjects and ask experts

to share their knowledge. topics include regional

history, profiles of local artists and musicians, snow and

avalanche education, how-to pieces for traditional or

outdoor skills, and science.

in Big Sky:

talk to Geyser Whitewater (800) 914-9031. they’ve got a

new fleet of inflatable boards you can rent. or just head

up to Lake Levinsky at the mountain village and give it try

($14/hr, 10 a.m. – 6 p.m).

for a true ‘mountain surf’ experience:

head to Strongwater paddle Sports in Missoula. this surf/

kayak shop is run by two of the sport’s most active proponents.

Kb and Luke are on their boards almost every day,

and they’re dedicated to offering everything you need

to discover the enjoyment of SUp for yourself. for great

videos and pics of paddleboarding in Montana check

out their website:

Soon after news spread of Hamilton’s descent on the

Colorado River, a handful of experienced kayakers

and river-runners jumped on board. They were

thrilled to have a new way of interacting with the

rivers to which they were already connected

Thrill seekers all over the globe are pushing the potential

of SUPs on rivers, and some of the sport’s most

progressive momentum is right here in the Northern

Rockies. Montana, Idaho and Wyoming have long

been recognized for the handful of world-class river

surf waves found on larger volume rivers like the

Clark Fork, the Snake and the Yellowstone. These

rivers are well suited for those exploring river SUP

potential, since their deeper water is more forgiving

of the inevitable wipeouts that happen while running

rapids and trying to surf.

Shawn Robertson writes from Big Sky. More of his work

is available at

big Sky Weekly

Chances are good that if you enjoy water

sports, you’ll love using a paddleboard. there

are many ways to enjoy SUp: tour around on

your favorite scenic lake or estuary, use your

higher viewpoint to find the perfect fishing

hole, strap a dry bag on top and go for

overnighters. You can even get an inflatable

board that’s just as stable and fun, but packs

up small.

the fun begins as soon as you jump on the

board. Get ready for a wobbly ride at first.

take a few and you’re ready to cruise. If you

get tired of standing, take a break. Lie in the

sun, go for a swim, or sit down and paddle like

you’re in a kayak. If you’re looking to explore

the unique sensation of standing on the river

start on rivers where you’d feel comfortable

taking a canoe. and of course, good river

running (and swimming) skills are a must.

When you’re ready to step it up, you can

start building your balance and core muscles

by walking forward and backwards on the

board. practice your surf stance, both regular

and goofy footed, until you find the most

comfortable and stable position on the

board. paddle on both sides of the board first

by switching top hands, then by keeping the

same grip and reaching across the nose of

the board.

take these basic skills, a sense of humor and a

little humility, and you’re ready to SUp to your

heart’s content.

Solitude in the Tarkio Gorge

on the Clark Fork River

July 1, 2011 31

32 July 1, 2011


We bring quality and

value to the simplest

jobs as well as some of

the most demanding


There are a lot of important details involved

in painting and finishing a home, and we love

sweating the details!


We excel at exterior

painting, staining, and

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If you’re considering listing

your property this summer,

you owe it to yourself to

give us a call.





WE KNOW BIG SKY 406.995.2244





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3025 Half Moon Court $1,850,000

view video online at:

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big Sky Weekly



This material is based upon information which we consider reliable, but because it has been supplied by third parties, we cannot represent that it is accurate or complete, and it should not be relied upon as such. This offering is subject to errors, omissions and changes including

price or withdrawal without notice. An Equal Opportunity Company. Equal Housing Opportunity. Each Offi ce in Independently Owned and Operated. If your property is listed with a real estate broker, please disregard. It is not our intention to solicit the offerings of other real

estate brokers. We are happy to work with them and cooperate fully.



SpeCIaL SeCtIon:


natIonaL paRK

photoS bY MIKe CoIL

Welcome to the Caldera

More than 600,000 years ago, a super volcano erupted in the once mountainous region

we now know as Yellowstone Park. Thick lava flows filled the caldera and created the

rolling plateaus of today’s landscape. The formation of the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone

was created by this eruption, as was the basin that holds Yellowstone Lake.

Today, the 3,472 sq. mile Yellowstone Caldera is one of only a few dozen hotspots

in the world—these are places where hot molten mantle rock is rising toward earth’s

surface. A constant reminder of geologic power, this slow-moving magma plume has

created about 10,000 thermal features and more than 300 geysers, including the worldfamous

Old Faithful. It also causes 1,000-3,000 earthquakes each year, though most

are relatively minor, measuring a magnitude of 3 or less.

Occasionally, numerous earthquakes occur over a short period, an event known as an

earthquake swarm. According to the USGS, these swarms are likely caused more by

slips on pre-existing faults than by movements of magma or hydrothermal fluids. The

most recent swarm was early in 2010, after the Haiti earthquake and before the earthquake

in Chile. This was the second-largest ever recorded in the Yellowstone Caldera,

and the largest of its shocks was a magnitude 3.8.

An excerpt from Mountain Outlaw magazine’s spring/summer 2011 issue.

Big Sky

July 1, 2011

Volume 2 // Issue #12

WoRD fRoM the paRK...34

Map: YeLLoWStone hotSpotS...35

RoaD ConStRUCtIon...37

opInIon: paDDLInG In the paRK...38

YeLLoWStone In a DaY...39

InteRVIeW WIth a GUIDe...41


off the beaten path...44


WILDLIfe StatS...48

July 1, 2011 33

WOrd frOm ThE park:

an interview with al nash, Yellowstone’s Chief of public affairs


I started my park service career as a

seasonal worker here. I began doing

interpretation at Fishing Bridge.

How is the park different than

when I visited as a young child?

Well, now I don’t think the park

smells! It’s not that the park has

changed, but as an adult I’m better

able to process and understand all

the information my senses take in.

When I first moved out this way in

1986 (to Billings), I lived in one of

the many communities around this

area that just refers to it as “going

to the park.” It’s comfortable and familiar

to people who live and work

in this region.

Many visitors come here and spend

a limited amount of time. They’re

attracted to Old Faithful, and have

34 July 1, 2011

I first visited Yellowstone on family vacation. We came from Michigan. My folks had an International

Scout with a canvas and wood pop-up camper. We’d have it hooked up and

ready to go when Dad would come home from work on friday afternoon. Mom would pack

a picnic lunch and the two kids in the rig, and we’d head west. that was our vacation every

summer, and Yellowstone was the destination several years. Some of my earliest memories

are our trips to Yellowstone. It was overwhelming. there were bears. It was kind of smelly.

those were some of my impressions at age six.

heard of bears, bison or wolves,

and maybe the Grand Canyon of

Yellowstone. Most first-time visitors

don’t have any idea about the

expanse of the place and the variety

of things you can see and do here.

Repeat trips provides opportunity

for greater exploration and a greater

appreciation of this place. Even with

the luxury of living and working

here, I’ll never get to see everything

in this park. It is not possible.

There are more people now, but

there are still opportunities to enjoy

Yellowstone and avoid the crowds.

Our road system has dramatically

improved. We had a deserved reputation

for poor roads. With a couple

of exceptions that we’re working on,

our road system is visitor friendly.

Our two new visitor education

centers allow the Park Service to do

a better job of engaging visitors and

helping them understand the place

they come to visit.

There are some things that haven’t

changed, which is a good thing. In

my family, it’s the fourth generation

visiting Yellowstone. I can take

that 1950 photo of my grandparents

at Artist’s Point, and I can go

there myself and it looks like that,

more or less. To some degree, that

ranger-led campfire program or

hike continues to embody what

people 30, 40, 70 years ago might

have experienced.

Visitation is strong again. My best

estimate is our new baseline for

annual visitation is somewhere in

320 Ranch Steakhouse & Saloon

big Sky Weekly

the order of three million. We were

well over that last year, but visitation

has peaks and valleys. And

most of those folks are here June 15

– Aug. 15. This place continues to

reflect the quintessential American

family vacation.

We see a lot of foreign visitors. In

the middle of the day in the summer,

if you stand around to see Old

Faithful erupt, you’ll hear more

dialects than you can identify. This

place is loved not just by its neighbors,

and not just by people from

the U.S. – but people the world

around. It holds a place in people’s

hearts as a physical destination and

as an ideal. Yellowstone really does

represent something great about

our country.

Enjoy Big Sky hospitality and

cowboy gourmet food!

Saloon opens at 4:30 p.m., Dining Room begins serving at 5:30 p.m.

Reservations recommended

Monday Night Pig Roast

No reservations required

$10 Pig Roast ~ Kids half off!

Every Monday 5-8 p.m.

Open for the


Wednesday Night Riverside Chuck Wagon BBQs

Join us Wednesday evenings starting June 8 for a 2 hour Trail

Ride or Hayride to our BBQ near the Gallatin River—featuring NY

Strip Steaks, BBQ Chicken and all of the fixins with S’mores to

top it off! Reservations required.

406.995.4283 e

Located at Mile Marker 36 on HWY 191 toward Yellowstone Park

t o b i G s k y

Madison river


yelloWstone Madison


West entrance

i d a h o

w y o m i n g


n a t i o n a l p a r k

Fountain paint pots

buffalo lake patrol Cabin

electric peak

Mammoth Hot


norris Geyser basin

Gibbon river

Firehole river

old Faithful



approximate Caldera boundary


north entrance

boiling river


© 2011 Outlaw Partners, LLC. All Rights Reserverd. Published by Outlaw Partners, a marketing and media company based in Big Sky, Montana. |

* This map is to act as a visual representation of Yellowstone National Park. Locations are approximate.

Gardiner river

bunsen peak

Firehole drive

Great Fountain Geyser

south entrance

t e t o n

n a t i o n a l

p a r k

West thumb

G a l l a t i n

n a t i o n a l

F o r e s t

Canyon Village


Mount Washburn

Grand Canyon of yellowstone

yellowstone river





Fishing bridge

m o n t a n a

lamar Valley

lamar river

a b s a r o k a r a n g e

eagle peak

big Sky Weekly



northeast entrance

east entrance

established: March 1, 1872

acres: 2,219,789

2010 Visitation: 3,640,185

avg. elevation: 8,000 ft.

Highest point: eagle peak (11,358 ft.)

avg. summer temp: 74º F

avg. Winter temp: 20º F

July 1, 2011 35



Selling lightly used, quality

clothes, sporting goods,

home furnishings & more!

36 July 1, 2011

Come in and see us!

Located across from Bugaboo in

the Big Horn Center off Hwy 191

Please call Janine or Dick @

(406) 993-9333 for an appointment

to consign your items for sale with

us in our new store.




Complete Line

of Western &

English Tack

One Stop Shop

For All Your

Horse & Rider



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Four Corners Saddlery

Located just south of Four Corners

on the way to Big Sky

Open & Delivering 7 Days a week

4:00-10:00 p.m.

big Sky Weekly

Western &

English Boutique:

Fine Tack, Gifts,

Housewares &





Located in the Westfork Meadow Plaza in Big Sky, Montana

406-995-7175 |

Cinch & Cruel Girl


Triple Creek



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81720 Gallatin Road • Bozeman



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OFF 5OFF Offer not valid with any

other coupon or discount






If you drive the roadways in Southwest Montana, you know there are two seasons:

winter and road construction. this summer, look out for construction in and

around Yellowstone park, especially on highway 191. Motorcyclists are advised to

use extreme caution on loose gravel in areas of construction.


This summer, expect road improvement projects on many of

the major travel routes to Yellowstone Park Entrances from

Montana and Wyoming. These include pavement preservation

projects. Each lasts 2–4 weeks; expect 30-minute

delays and pilot vehicles except on holidays.

all summer:

Northeast Entrance Road (Lamar River Bridge)

Beartooth Lake bridge


Canyon Junction to Chittenden Road

South 8 miles from Mammoth Upper Terraces Drive

Madison Junction to West Entrance

West 5 miles from Tower Junction

Grant Village Intersection to South Entrance


Mammoth Hot Springs area


Mammoth Hot Springs area

Yellowstone offers bear

spray canister recycling

Yellowstone National Park, working with several public and private partner organizations,

this spring began using a unique new recycling technology that allows

Yellowstone area visitors to be both safe and green.

Carrying bear-deterrent pepper spray, or “bear spray,” is recommended when

hiking in bear country. But with millions of visitors to the Greater Yellowstone

area each year, thousands of bear spray canisters – used and unused - end up in

landfills, often discarded because they are not allowed on commercial flights.

“Dangerous encounters with bears are actually pretty rare, but most wildlife experts

recommend carrying a can of bear pepper spray when in the backcountry,”

said Yellowstone Bear Biologist Kerry Gunther. “…It is a good, last line of defense

against an aggressive bear.”

The eventual entry of bear spray canisters into landfills

has become a serious environmental concern, and up

until now there has been no mechanism to recycle

them. This first-of-its-kind device now allows bear

spray canisters – even full ones – to be safely emptied

and crushed, reducing both the emission of harmful

chemical propellant and pepper-based irritant

into the air and the overall mass of the product in


Three Montana State University engineering students

designed the machine that removes the pepper

oil and the propellant and crushes the canister,

preparing it for recycling as high-quality aluminum.

Collection sites are located in Yellowstone National

Park, surrounding national forests, wildlife refuges,

Gallatin Field Airport and in retail outlets throughout

the entire Yellowstone ecosystem.

highWaY 191

Montana Department of Transportation

is making improvements to Highway

191 in two places this summer.

all summer:

Grayling Creek bridge. 10 miles north

of West Yellowstone on Highway 191.

Up to 15 minute delays in each direction.


From the north end of Gallatin Canyon

to Four Corners, MDT will be building

turn lanes and doing pavement preservation

projects. Alternating single

land traffic, pilot cars. Expect up to 15

minute delays.

This is how Big Sky gets

into hot water.

Nordic Hot Tub

We service what we sell!

Spa sales to fit your budget

Pool and spa care after the sale

Custom maintenance plans

big Sky Weekly

for information about Montana Road

projects, call (800) 226-7623, or visit or


for information about Wyoming Road

projects call (888) 996-7623 or visit

for information on conditions affecting

roads within Yellowstone national park,

call the 24-hour Current Road Report

hotline at (307) 344-2117, or visit


Spa covers and custom lifts

Lots of accessories for your spa

Special orders available

(406) 995-4892 •

47520 Gallatin Rd. • Big Sky, MT 59716

July 1, 2011 37

38 July 1, 2011


fOrBiddEN fruiT:

paddling in Yellowstone National park

bY tYLeR aLLen

Yellowstone National Park has over

2,000 miles of rivers and streams coursing

through its boundaries. From slow,

meandering flatwater to steep, boiling

whitewater and giant waterfalls, the

park offers many hydrologic marvels.

But aside from a five-mile stretch of the

Lewis River between Lewis and Shoshone

Lake, boating is prohibited on

the rivers and creeks of Yellowstone. To

experience these waterways one must

casually observe from shore.

Three parks in the National Park

System prohibit paddling on most of

their rivers: Yellowstone,


Teton and Yosemite.

The latter two

have designated

stretches (of the

Snake and Merced,

respectively) that allow commercial

operations to run whitewater

trips on a regulated basis, but Yellowstone

doesn’t allow commercial or

private boaters on any of the whitewater

stretches within the park.

Boating in Yellowstone was outlawed

in 1950 as a reaction to the park’s

depleted fisheries. The rationale was

that bank anglers could not access as

much water that anglers from boats

were able to reach. Whitewater

kayakers and flatwater canoeists have

suffered the consequences of that

decision ever since.

Yellowstone has stretches of water

that, coupled with the exciting runs

on the Gallatin, Yellowstone and

Beartrap section of the Madison, could

make Southwest Montana an international

destination for paddlers. The

Black Canyon of the Yellowstone has

beckoned boaters for decades with its

miles of continuous

Class IV and

V water. In the

late ‘70s the fine

for poaching was

around $25, and

kayakers tell stories

of floating past park officials who

smiled and waved.

In 2008, four bozeman paddlers

were arrested and

charged with “attempt to

kayak” after a failed poach

of the black Canyon.

The relaxed policy changed in the

‘80s, and penalties have been much

stiffer since. A park study conducted in

1988 - instigated primarily by pressure

from kayakers - recommended the park

continue its ban on river running in

Yellowstone. The study identified im-

pacts on endangered

species, important

geothermal features,

historical and

archaeological sites,

conflict with other

users, and safety as

the major concerns of

park managers. In 2008, four Bozeman

paddlers were arrested and charged

with “attempt to kayak” after a failed

poach of the Black Canyon. They were

fined $335 apiece, given six months

probation and banned from the park for

a year.

Al Nash, Yellowstone’s Chief of Public

Affairs, says safety is a paramount

concern for park managers. The water

tends to be cold, access can be difficult,

and there are large rapids and waterfalls

that present hazards. Although these

concerns are legitimate, Yellowstone

was created as the nation’s first National

Park for “the benefit and enjoyment of

the people.” The current policy does

not honor this original statement.

Motorboats are allowed to churn the

waters of Yellowstone Lake, outfitters

lead strings of pack animals on the

park’s trails, and motorists tour the

• Full grocery and gourmet selection

• Stock up on snacks, drinks, ice for your day’s adventure

• Try our fresh baked goods and full service deli

Open Daily from 6:30 a.m. - 10:00 p.m.

Delivery available - Call us 406-995-4636

The Lamar River in Yellowstone

big Sky Weekly

photo bY eMILIY StIfLeR

roads Yellowstone’s scenic roads. With

enough regulation, floaters would leave

a minimal impact on the landscape;

however, the impact left on someone

experiencing such an impressive

landscape from a river would be lasting.

As budgets are being cut for federal and

state lands, we need more advocates to

keep our public lands public.

Backcountry users are heavily regulated

within the park; permits are required

for snowmobilers in the winter and for

backpackers in the summer. Couldn’t

use of Yellowstone’s rivers be regulated

in a similar fashion? Whether your intent

is an overnight flatwater canoe outing

with the family, or an exhilarating

day-trip whitewater kayaking, the park

could issue permits dictating where

boaters put in and take out, how long

they’re on the river, and where they’re

allowed to camp along the way.

Tyler Allen writes from Bozeman.

Big Sky’s Full Service Grocery Store


Located in the Meadow Village Center

next to Lone Peak Brewery


from bozeman or big Sky

RoaD tRIp anD photoS bY abbIe DIGeL

Don’t have time to spend a

week exploring the nation’s

first national park? It’s easy to

take a day and see all of the

hot spots, get off the beaten

track, and make it back in

time for dinner. this itinerary

involves long hours in the car,

but a visit to the park is well

worth it, and there is always

something to see.




hot SpRInGS




paInt potS






Boiling River

Mammoth Hot Springs

Canyon Area

Old Faithful Area

West Yellowstone

ChooSe tRaVeL DaYS


Travel on a weekday-- there will be

fewer crowds. If a weekend jaunt is

in the plan, sometimes the eclectic

crowds are sights to enjoy in and of


What to paCK:

Bathing Suit

Water-proof shoes

Sturdy walking shoes









pLan aheaD:

Book hotel rooms and campsites

months in advance, especially in West

Yellowstone. They sell out fast, especially

in the summer. Don’t forget

to check out the guest ranches along

Highway 191 and in Big Sky.

onLIne ReSoURCeS:


From Bozeman, drive east on I-90

toward Livingston. Want to encounter

a griz the safe way? Stop briefly at the

montana Grizzly bear encounter,

a bear rescue center. On the Jackson

Creek exit, just a few miles from

Bozeman off of I-90, you can’t miss the

huge sign. Stay a while and watch the

bears play, then chat with one of the

caretakers; it’s a great way to learn the

animals’ habits and take in their size.

Their newest arrival is an orphaned cub

from Alaska who loves blended bear

chow mixed with grapes, spoon fed.

Stop in Livingston for an early lunch at

mark’s In & out at the corner of 8th

and Park Street. They serve cheap, oldfashioned

burgers, fries and shakes

that will hold you over until dinner.

There are two large supermarkets

(town and country, albertson’s) if

you need to stock up on snacks.

The Lower Falls in the Grand Canyon

of Yellostone

foUntaIn paInt potS

After Old Faithful, stop at the Fountain Paint Pots, a

favorite feature among Yellowstone guides. It’s best to

park and walk the boardwalk to view these geothermal

features, but there is also an option to drive along the

Firehole lake drive, a one-way side road that gives

great views. The paint pot is located among other features,

including the Great Fountain Geyser, another

erupting geyser that reaches up to 200 ft.

MaMMoth aRea

Onward to Yellowstone: take a right on

89 South, which hugs the Yellowstone

River, toward Gardiner. In Gardiner,

refuel at one of the many coffee shops at

the edge of the entrance to the Park. Also,

stop by the Chamber of Commerce for

information and literature on the Park.

big Sky Weekly

Time to hit the road. Pay the entrance fee ($25, good for seven days in both

Yellowstone and Teton National Park), and just past the entrance find the hidden

entrance to the boiling river, an off-the-map and favorite destination for

locals. Take time to soak in this unique spot, and then get back on the road, and

drive five miles south to mammoth Hot springs.

There is plenty to do and see here. Head into the albright Visitor center

and museum, spend some time talking to a ranger and visiting the exhibits,

then check out the park’s most dynamic hydrothermal areas, with features that

change constantly.

Still some time to spare? Hit the trail. The hike to bunsen Peak is good right

now (4.2 miles), and the top provides panoramic views of other park destinations

and the Gallatin Range. The trailhead is at the entrance of the Old Bunsen

Peak Road, five miles south of Mammoth toward Norris.

CanYon VILLaGe

This is a must-see, but make it a quick trip in order to make it to Old Faithful in

time for the eruption. The fastest way to see the canyon is to drive five minutes

from Canyon Village to north rim drive and walk along the paved paths to

red rock Point, lookout Point or Grand View. From here you can catch a

glimpse of the expanse of the canyon, looking both at the waterfall and northeast

down the yellowstone river.

oLD faIthfUL aRea

It’s best to check at Canyon Village

Visitor Education Center for Old

Faithful eruption times (approx. every

90 minutes). From there, it’s about 45

minutes to Old Faithful by car. Arrive

early and score a good seat. Check

out the new old Faithful Visitor

education center—the interactive

exhibits are great for the kids, and a

nice break from the car. Plan accordingly,

and you will be able to make

stops along the way in an area that

houses the world’s highest concentration

of active geysers.

Spend more time seeing than searching

Before your trip to Yellowstone or Teton National Parks, pick up a

Gaper Guide. The dashboard-mounted GPS units have prerecorded

audio keyed to waypoints, and provide fun facts, interesting stories

and local history. Reserve at for a full or half-day.

See map for pick-up and drop-off locations. There is also an option

to mail the device back if you want to continue on your trip.

Get all you need in Gardiner

The author at Old Faithful


Exit the park through the west entrance and enter West

Yellowstone. The local shop owners here are friendly

and informative. Stop for reasonably priced Spanish

tapas at the Weekly editors’ favorite spot, cafe madriz,

at the north end of town, then stash the car and walk to

the Playmill Theater to catch community theater at its

best. The small stage and interactive performances are a

relaxing and fun way to end the evening.

July 1, 2011 39

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big Sky Weekly

big Sky Weekly

Luxury cars and grizzlies

an Interview with Yellowstone national park Guide

Scott Carsley, owner of Yellowstone alpen Guides

bY abbIe DIGeL

What is a normal week like as a guide?

We work anywhere from one to seven days in a

week. We pick up clients all around the Yellowstone

area; we cover the entire park. We do mostly private

tours, where families will hire a guide for a day.

Days are anywhere from 6 a.m.-6p.m.or 2 p.m.-

10p.m. We leave whenever the guest wants to.

Sometimes we use our own vehicles, but most of

the time we go along with guests. We get to drive

pretty nice cars that way: Lexus, Jaguars, you

name it. Two summers ago the Lexus SUV was the

guides’ favorite.

We take families into the backcountry; they usually

want to go for a walk and learn about the park. As my

wife says, we get to go on everybody’s vacation. It’s

hard work, but its great work. This is my 27th year.

What’s the most challenging part of the job?

Dealing with the Park Service. The rules and regulation

are always changing and we have to keep up

with them.

How do you continue to educate yourself on

the Park?

We keep up to date by talking with naturalists and

park service personnel, reading publications and

scientific literature. There are classes put on by the

Park Service and the Yellowstone Association and

conferences up in Mammoth. The Thermal Biology

Institute in Bozeman comes down, and the Park

Service has its own training for guides.

At the end of the day, we’ll sit around, have a

couple of beers and talk about what we see. We

have guys that have been guiding for 20 years.

They spend a lot of time exploring in the offseason.

Every time we go into the park it’s new

and different.

What is the most dangerous thing that has

ever happened to you?

Riding in a car where someone else is driving, really.

We see tons of grizzly bears, but I’ve never had to

pull my bear spray. Once a grizzly bear charged one

of our guides who had a group of four. He pulled his

bear spray, but then the griz swerved and veered off,

and sprayed the group with dirt. That was a close call.

The thermal features are always a concern, too.

What draws you to yellowstone?

I moved to West in 1977 as a schoolteacher with my

wife. We thought we’d stay a couple of years, and

we’re still here. It’s the geothermal features, wildlife

and beautiful natural settings. I do a lot of kayaking

on Yellowstone Lake. There aren’t many people

there, and it’s a nice place to be.

What is the most unique thing you’ve ever seen?

Years ago I saw two people in lawn chairs fishing

in Semi-Centennial Geyser. They weren’t going to

catch any fish unless they were already cooked!

What’s the funniest question a guest has

asked you?

How many of these fires were started by geysers?

(During the big fires of 1988)

Do you have ostriches in the park?

A grizzly spotted on the upper Gallatin River in the Park photo bY ChRIS heppeL

“We have guys that have been

guiding for 20 years. they spend

a lot of time exploring in the offseason.

every time we go into the

park it’s new and different.”

do you get to meet interesting people?

I’ve guided people from Australia, Italy, China, the

Big Easy, Bozeman and Big Sky. Really it’s people

from all over, and mostly families.

I’ve guided the seventh richest person in the world,

and he had just won the Americas Cup. The next

one was going to be in Barcelona, Spain, and he

invited me.

We’ve had some celebrities. Last summer I guided

Chris Rock, and I’ve had the leader of the Hubble

space telescope on a weeklong tour. I had a Heisman

trophy winner. He was with American Orient

Express luxury tours—we get those a lot. We meet a

lot of private jets at the Yellowstone Airport, too.

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big Sky Weekly


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fishing in Yellowstone

bY ennIon WILLIaMS

Yellowstone National Park holds a wide

variety of angling opportunities, from

large rivers like the Madison and Yellowstone,

to small creeks and lakes. The

season for fishing in Yellowstone runs

from Memorial Day weekend to the first

Sunday in November.

Spring fishing in the park is found mostly

near the west entrance on the Firehole,

Gibbon and Madison rivers. In normal

snowpack years, the Firehole will fish

well on opening day with both mayflies

and caddis. Hatches will occur from

mid-morning throughout the afternoon

and provide excellent opportunities to

catch both rainbows and browns in the 10

-15-inch range. Firehole Canyon sees the

first Salmonflies of the year in the area,

and this hatch will last a couple weeks

and produce some larger fish from the

Madison River.

As the summer progresses many smaller

tributary creeks will offer excellent small

stream fly fishing. Most waterways in the

park have trout, and exploring smaller

creeks by foot is a great way to see some

of the most beautiful areas of the park.

In the northeast corner, the Lamar Valley

offers some of the best cutthroat fly fishing

in the world. The Lamar River, Soda Butte

Creek and Slough Creek all hold good

populations of Yellowstone cutthroat and

feed into the Yellowstone River. Late summer

fishing in the Lamar River is a treat to

anyone seeking a beautiful landscape and

consistent dry fly fishing.

The Yellowstone River in the park opens

to anglers on July 15. There is an easily

accessed section near LeHardy Rapids

below Yellowstone Lake, and more challenging

access points at Seven Mile Hole

and Hellroaring Creek. The Yellowstone

are You a friend of Yellowstone?

bY ChRIStIne WeInheIMeR

If you’ve visited Yellowstone National Park in the past

14 years, you’ve seen the impact Friends of Yellowstone

is making. The nearly 15,000 supporters of the

Bozeman-based Yellowstone Park Foundation – the

official fundraising partner of Yellowstone National

Park – significantly affect your visit. Don’t believe us?

Consider these facts…

dozens of yellowstone’s most popular trails – such

as Boiling River, Observation Point, and Norris Geyser

Basin – have been rehabilitated through donations to

the Yellowstone Park Foundation (YPF).

since the wolf returned home to yellowstone in

1995, most visitors hope to catch a glimpse of this

fascinating creature. Friends of Yellowstone has contributed

more than $4 million for monitoring wolves,

studying their effects on the ecosystem, and helping

visitors learn how to view wolves without disrupting

their behaviors or habitat.

the new old Faithful Visitor education center,

which opened in August 2010, was a $27 million project.

$15 million was contributed by private individuals

A brown trout caught in the fall in Yellowstone on the Firehole River. photo bY SCott heppeL

River’s incredible cutthroat are very willing

to take a dry fly.

There are many lakes to fish in Yellowstone

Park. A special permit is required for any

type of floating on the lakes and can be acquired

at any of the Park entrances. Yellowstone

Lake is the largest of the lakes in the

Park, and holds good populations of cutthroat

trout. Nearby Lewis and Shoshone

lakes hold populations of brown, rainbow

and lake trout. In the fall these lakes tend to

be very good fishing before the park closes.

There are so many spots in Yellowstone

Park, I cannot comment on all of them.

Buying a Yellowstone Park license helps to

support the initiatives and preservation of

the fishery. This summer the rivers are still

running high and the hatches will be about

a month behind normal conditions, so we

should have good late season fishing.

Ennion Williams is a professional Fishing

Guide and Outfitter in Big Sky. He can be

reached at (406) 579-7094 or at ennion3@ He also runs Big Sky Local Foods.

and corporations to YPF, and the other $12 came

from federal funds. The environmentally friendly

center and its interactive exhibits are enhancing

the experience of millions of visitors, while serving

as a focal point for education in Yellowstone.

Other projects include new bear-proof storage

boxes in campgrounds, the live-streaming old

Faithful webcam, the Junior ranger program

for kids and more.

“Yellowstone is everyone’s park,” said Yellowstone

Park Foundation President Karen Bates

Kress. “The Foundation provides a way for all

of us to help take care of the park and provide

new ways to appreciate it, so that future generations

can enjoy its pristine beauty and wildlife,

just as we do today.”

Every day of the year, Yellowstone Park Foundation-funded

projects are making a difference in the

quality of our visit, and the future of the world’s first

national park.

a Yellowstone national park fishing permit is required

to fish in the park. anglers 16 years of age

and older are required to purchase either a $15

three-day permit, a $20 seven-day permit or a

$35 season permit.

anglers 15 and younger have two options:

1) Children 15 and younger may fish without a

permit if they are fishing under the direct supervision

of an adult who has a valid park fishing

permit, or

2) Children 15 and younger may obtain a free

permit that must be signed by a responsible

adult; with this permit, a child can fish without

direct adult supervision.

fishing permits are available at all ranger stations,

visitor centers, and Yellowstone park General

Stores. fishing permits are also available at many

businesses in the Greater Yellowstone area.

no state fishing license is required in Yellowstone

national park.

photo CoURteSY of npS.GoV

July 1, 2011 43

the best seat in the house

bY hUnteR RothWeLL

The Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition was the first

to record their experience on what is known today as Mt.

Washburn. Named in honor of expedition leader Henry

D. Washburn, the peak is one of the most rewarding day

hikes in Yellowstone. Thanks to the foresight of those who

established the park, Lt. Doane’s description from 130 years

ago could have been written this year.

With over 3 million annual visitors, Yellowstone is very

busy during the summer. But very few explore the first

national park beyond the main thoroughfares. A majority

of the park, which is larger than Rhode Island and

Delaware combined, is left to solitude and is truly an

undisturbed ecosystem of natural wonder. With a little

initiative and a taste for adventure, visitors can summit

the 10,223-foot Mt. Washburn, which is perhaps Yellowstone’s

crown jewel for sightseeing.

The Washburn Range is one of only two mountain ranges

that are completely within the boundaries of the park (the

Red Mountains being the other). Although not the park’s

highest peak, Mt. Washburn is special for its location:

barely north of the absolute center of Yellowstone. From its

summit, the 360 degree, birds-eye view shows the entirety

of Yellowstone National Park, from horizon to horizon.

From the Dunraven Pass Trailhead, Washburn is a relatively

moderate three-mile hike with a subtle 1400-foot

elevation gain. One of the park’s three active fire lookout

towers is located on the summit. There is a small visitor

center and restrooms on the first floor, an observation deck

on the second, and a ranger’s residence on the top floor. The

spectacular Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone is directly

below, to the southeast. If it is a clear day, you can view the

Tetons 50 miles south.

44 July 1, 2011



With a 150 percent of the normal annual snowfall this past

winter, there is still a good amount of snow in the higher

elevations, which ads an element of challenge to the hike.

Some areas require a straight up ascent or wallow through

deep snow, as opposed to the gentle switchbacks hikers

enjoy after snowmelt. However, the reward is the same,

and a more experienced hiker will find this the best

time to go and have the upper regions of Yellowstone

all to him or herself. Many families find great

enjoyment in snowball fights and sliding

down the steep snow banks – snow in the

summer is an attraction in itself.

The trail will be clear by late July and the

snow will be replaced by wildflowers.

There is always a chance of spotting an

elk, bighorn sheep and even a grizzly. This

is an extremely accessible destination for

hikers of all experience levels. Don’t miss

the opportunity to see the whole park in

one glance. Mt. Washburn is the best seat

in the house.

big Sky Weekly

the view from the summit is beyond all

adequate description. Looking northward

from the base of the mountain the great

plateau stretches away to the front and left

with its innumerable groves and sparkling

waters, a variegated landscape of surpassing

beauty, bounded on its extreme verge

by the [canyons] of the Yellowstone.

the pure atmosphere of this lofty region

causes every outline of tree, rock or lakelet

to be visible with wonderful distinctness,

and objects 20 miles away appear as if

very near at hand ... Close beneath our

feet, yawns the immense gulf of the Grand

[Canyon], cutting away the bases of two

mountains in forcing a passage through the

range ... no sound reaches the ear from

the bottom of the abyss; the sun’s rays are

reflected on the further wall and then lost in

the darkness below. the mind struggles and

then falls back upon itself despairing in the

effort to grasp by a single thought the idea

of its immensity.

- Lt. Gustavus C. Doane, august 29, 1870

EdiTOr’S piCkS:

Need a water bottle or

some footbeds? Looking

for a map or some trail

information? These stores

have all the goods:


• freeheel and Wheel

Big SkY

• Grizzly outfitters

• Gallatin alpine Sports


• ReI

• northern Lights and

barrel Mountaineering

• bob Wards

• Chalet Sports

• the Roundhouse

mT. WaShBurN




Looking to summit this summer? Electric Peak is one of my favorites. It’s a great allday

run/hike, and there is also a mountain bike/ hike option.

This massive mountain rises almost 5,800 vertical feet above the Yellowstone

River. It has two summits and two trailheads; reason to summit twice. The easternmost

summit is the highest, at 10,969 feet.

According to Thomas Turiano’s book, Select Peaks of Greater Yellowstone, Electric

was likely first climbed by Native American bighorn sheep hunters, and the first

known ascent was made in an electrical storm on July 26, 1872 from Mammoth, by

Hayden surveyors Henry Gannett, Albert C. Peale and Alexander E. Brown.

hoW to Get to theRe:

option a: The hike/run option begins in the park, five miles south of Mammoth

at the Glen Creek trailhead.

option b: The bike/hike begins at the Beattie Gulch trailhead, 4.5 miles northwest

on Old Yellowstone Highway. Look for Beattie Gulch trailhead on left side of road.

Ride your bike up the road for 2,600 vertical feet to the peak’s north ridge. This

doesn’t require a fancy bike, although a few gears will be welcome.

big Sky Weekly

Riders with Rockin H-K Outfitters—view toward east ridge of Electric Peak

Yellowstone Summit: Electric peak

StoRY anD photoS bY feLICIa ennIS

the numbers: Both options are about 10 miles from the trailhead to the

summit. 3,689 feet of elevation gain from the Beattie Gulch trailhead, and

5,767 feet from Glen Creek parking. This is a big day. Get an early start, and

bring lots of food and water, good footwear for 20 miles on the trail, appropriate

clothing and bear spray.

the goods: Either way you go, keep your eyes peeled for large ungulates and

small wildflowers. From Electric’s summit, on a clear day, you’ll see many

mountain ranges including the Madisons, the Beartooths, the Absarokas, the

Crazies, the Bridgers, and the Tetons.

For complete details see Thomas Turiano’s book, Select Peaks of Greater Yellowstone.

Montana native Felicia Ennis lives in Livingston.

Through her travel company, Bella Treks, she

designs customized travel plans to Antarctica,

Alaska, the Arctic, Argentina, Chile, the Galapagos,

Morocco, Peru and around Montana.

Hikers heading toward Electric Peak, summit in the background

July 1, 2011 45







The Clubhouse at

The Club at Spanish

Peaks, Big Sky, MT.


$75 per/person

This includes dinner

and a drink.



46 July 1, 2011

Warren Miller

Performing Arts

Center kickoff

fundraising event.

(To be built at

Ophir School & Lone

Peak High School in

Big Sky, MT.)


Members of the



& other acclaimed guest artists

7pm Performance

5;30 pm

6:00 pm


bbq dinner buffet

-casual attire-


Big Sky Broadway

PHONE 406-995-7951



Electron microscopy of Thermus aquaticus

did YOu kNOW?

In 1966, Dr. Thomas Brock discovered

a heat-loving microorganism he named

Thermus aquaticus, in Yellowstone’s

Mushroom Pool. Years later, in 1985,

biotechnologists found that because

an enzyme of T. aquaticus called Taq

polymerase could survive extreme heat,

it could be used to make the polymerase

chain reaction, a DNA copying process,

more efficient.

Now PCR can make billions of copies

of DNA in a few hours by amplifying

any type of DNA, and today this

process is used for DNA fingerprinting,

disease diagnostics, and forensic analysis

and bioremediation of toxic wastes.

Bioprospecting, the search for useaful

organic compounds in nature for sources

of genetic or biochemical resources,

is now a multi-million dollar industry.

Much of modern biotechnology is

based on the use of enzyme catalysts

for biochemical reactions, including

In 1972 the National Park Service

received information about an outfitter

from Southeastern Idaho who

was illegally taking elk out of the

Southwest corner of Yellowstone

National Park.

That same year, I was hired on as

a backcountry ranger to patrol the

area. I was given a wall tent and two

horses 14.5 miles in from the last

road as my base of operation. This

base was close to an area where the

outfitter was supposedly flying in

with a Super Cub with big tires.

The report said he would spot an

elk from the air, fly in with a client

who would shoot the elk, then fly

the animal out. The elk was flown

out of the area while the hunter

waited on the ground for the guide

to return with the plane.

I was assigned to patrol the area and

see if I could catch him in the act.

I patrolled regularly on horseback

but wasn’t sure how to catch him.

That fall, I rode 10 miles to the

west toward the Buffalo Lake Patrol

cabin. I heard some voices toward

the cabin area, so I got off, tied my

horses and stealthily went in.

big Sky Weekly

Yellowstone microorganism helped

revolutionize dNa copying process

Catching a poacher


genetic engineering, fermentation and

bioproduction of antibiotics. Scientists

now do this work in geothermal

features in New Zealand, Costa Rica,

Iceland, Japan, and Russia’s Kamchatka

Peninsula, as well as thermal vents on

the ocean floor.

Recently, researchers from the Thermal

Biology Institute at MSU-Bozeman

helped discover a new type of lightharvesting

bacterium, Candidatus

Chloracidobacterium thermophilum,

also in Mushroom Pool in the lower

geyser basin.

The 11th international conference on

thermophiles research will be September

11-16 in Big Sky.


msu offers free guide to nasa research in yellowstone

A new free full-color guidebook will help Yellowstone visitors and armchair

travelers understand the connection between the park’s tiniest inhabitants and

the search for extra-terrestrial life. The book, “Science of the Springs: Astrobiology

in Yellowstone,” was created by MSU’s Astrobiology Biogeocatalysis

Research Center, which is part of the NASA Astrobiology Institute.

There was the outfitter with three

clients. They had broken into the

patrol cabin and were using it for a

hunting lodge. My two-watt radio

was worthless in that area, but I

pretended like I was calling in the

location and the guide’s name.

They grabbed their guns, I grabbed

mine, and it was a standoff until

they put theirs away. I took their

guns, went inside, hooked my radio

up to the cabin antennae, and called

in the situation.

The outfitter quit his activity in the

Park, and I haven’t heard since if he


Paul Miller’s soul

belongs to the

mountains and

rivers he spent

his life exploring.

He resides on his

family’s property

along the Yellowstone

River near Gardiner, MT.

Serving over 30 years as a ranger

in Yellowstone National Park, Paul

played an integral role in preserving

and protecting the YNP wilderness

and wildlife people enjoy today.


The “dudes” in Yellowstone:

early tourism in the park

bY hUnteR RothWeLL

In 1915, a Model T Ford was the

first automobile to pass through

the gates of Yellowstone National

Park. Prior to automobiles being

legally allowed to tour the park, the

experience of tourists was something

quite unique. As the first

cars were entering Yellowstone,

one old-timer wrote: “The old Yellowstone—the

Yellowstone of the

pioneer and the explorer—is a thing

of the past.”

Recreational tourism in Yellowstone

began in summer 1872, the

same year it became the world’s

first national park, when a group

of 50 ventured to Mammoth Hot

Springs where the only accommodations

were a log shack and a

ramshackle bathhouse. Many of the

earliest tourists came primarily to

bathe in the hot springs and for the

waters’ supposed restorative powers.

The only other human presence

during those days was small bands

of American Indians and regiments

of the U.S. military who were often

accompanied by scientists, photographers,

painters and an occasional

newspaper reporter. A total of 300

people visited the park in 1872.

Before the railroad reached Livingston

in 1882 and later Gardiner, just

north of the park, visitation remained

light due to the remoteness

of the Western states, the difficulty

in accessing Yellowstone’s attractions,

and the primitive accommodations.

Tourists were either

wealthy aristocrats well outfitted

and toured the park in grand style

(known as “dudes” by the locals),

one of the most popular campaigns of the late 19th century was promoting

the park as “Wonderland.”however, rail travel was still expensive

and only the wealthy “dudes” could afford the cost of the excursion

or frontier people accustomed to

roughing it in the wild.

Once the railroads were built, the

Union Pacific became the marketing

department for Yellowstone,

aggressively soliciting Easterners

and Europeans to buy passage

to the region. One of the most

popular campaigns of the late 19th

century was promoting the park

as “Wonderland.” However, rail

travel was still expensive and only

the wealthy “dudes” could afford

the cost of the excursion.

The “Grand Tour” consisted of a

five-day tour of the park. Upon

arriving at Mammoth Hot Springs,

visitors would spend a day exploring

the springs, “which some lurid hotel

keeper had christened Cleopatra’s

Pitcher or Mark Anthony’s Whiskey

Jug, or something as equally poetical.”

recounted a diary entry from

a female visitor. The next four days

visitors toured the Greater Yellowstone

in 11-passenger stagecoaches.

The experience was bumpy, bouncy

and dusty. They were entertained by

the unsophisticated yet colorful stage

drivers who cursed at their horses

and narrated tremendous fictions as

to how the attractions of Yellowstone

came to be. When a Yellowstone

wagon reached a steep grade, the

passengers were unloaded and had to

walk up the most difficult areas.

The scenery was exquisite, and

these affluent leaders of the

industrial revolution relished in

the rough conditions. Bandits held

up the stagecoaches on five separate

occasions on one Grand Tour.

During one of these robberies an

impressive bandit fleeced 174 passen-

big Sky Weekly

once the railroads were built, the

Union pacific became the marketing

department for Yellowstone.

gers riding in 17 stagecoaches – one

of the most impressive robberies of

the age. Despite the loss of valuables,

the well-heeled dudes were captivated

by their outlaws – apparently they

were very entertaining fellows and

never seriously injured anyone. One

of the dudes later remarked, “We

think we got off cheap and would not

sell our experience, if we could, for

what it cost us.” It was all just a part

of “doing Yellowstone”.

In the years 1872 to 1914, 395,608

people visited Yellowstone National

Park (20,250 in 1914). Once the automobile

was introduced in 1915, visitation

doubled. And while the dudes

continued to come, the park was now

truly available to all the people, not

just the wealthy. In 2010 alone, the

park saw 3,640,186 visitors. In total,

152,683,423 people have spent time

in one the greatest wonders in the


July 1, 2011 47


250 bighorn sheep

300 wolves

48 July 1, 2011

300-600 grizzly bears

600-800 moose

2,300-4,500 bison

15,000 elk

Yellowstone National Park has the

largest concentration of wildlife

in the lower 48 states.

Threatened species:

bald eagle, grizzly bear, lynx

Endangered species:

whooping crane, gray wolf

If you spot an animal:

Stay at least 100 yards away from bears.

Stay at least 25 yards away from all other animals—including bison, elk,

bighorn sheep, deer, moose, wolves, and coyotes.

west entrance

Most likely places to

find mammals in the park

mammoth hot springs



old faithful

bechler ranger station







north entrance


canyon village

lake village

bridge bay

west thumb

grant village

south entrance



Lamar valley

hayden valley



east entrance

Rate of Bear-Inflicted

Human Injuries in

Yellowstone National

Park, 1931-2010

30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 00s,,



3 0.6 0.3 0.5

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