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Dipartimento di Colture Arboree<br />

Pomology and Arboriculture Department<br />

IVV-CNR<br />

Asti <strong>Studi</strong> Superiori Consortium<br />

17 th <strong>International</strong> <strong>Symposium</strong><br />

Under the padronage of:<br />

<strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong><br />

29 th August - 2 nd September <strong>2011</strong><br />

Asti - Alba (CN), Italy


<strong>17th</strong> INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong><br />

Group of <strong>International</strong> Experts of Vitivinicultural Systems for CoOperation<br />

Asti – Alba, Italy<br />

August 29 th – September 2 nd , <strong>2011</strong><br />

GESCO was the original acronym for "Groupe d'Etude des Systèmes de COnduite de la vigne". It was started, as European<br />

group, by Alain Carbonneau and others, and was originally, as the name implies, focused on training systems. The group<br />

grew, become <strong>International</strong>, and the focus on training systems was dropped. Recently the group renamed itself to:<br />

"Group of <strong>International</strong> Experts of vitivinicultural Systems for CoOperation".<br />

Organizing Institutions<br />

University of Turin - Dep. Colture Arboree, IVV-CNR, Asti <strong>Studi</strong> Superiori Consortium<br />

Supporting Institutions<br />

O.I.V. (<strong>International</strong> Organization of Vine and Wine), Accademia Italiana della Vite e del Vino, Regione Piemonte, MiPAF,<br />

Chaire UNESCO Culture et Traditions du Vin.<br />

Main Sponsors<br />

Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Asti, Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Cuneo, Fondazione Giovanni Dalmasso, MiPAF,<br />

Regione Piemonte, VCR, Misure di Bruno Zampetti & c. S.n.c., New Holland, Nuovo Mollificio Astigiano.<br />

Convener<br />

Vittorino NOVELLO<br />

Organizing Committee<br />

Giuliana GAY, Ivana GRIBAUDO, Anna SCHNEIDER, Franco MANNINI, Giorgio GAMBINO, Silvia CAVALLETTO, Silvia<br />

GUIDONI, Marco BOVIO, Andrea SCHUBERT, Claudio LOVISOLO, Alessandra FERRANDINO, Federico BONINO, Giancarlo<br />

BOUNOUS.<br />

Scientific Committee<br />

Alain CARBONNEAU, Borbála BÁLO, Giovanni CARGNELLO, Rogerio de CASTRO, Laura de PALMA, Rosario DI LORENZO,<br />

Nick DOKOOZLIAN, Gregory V. JONES, Silvia GUIDONI, Jacobus J. HUNTER, José Ramón LISSARRAGUE, Franco<br />

MANNINI, Francois MURISIER, Montserrat NADAL, Vittorino NOVELLO, Hernán OJEDA, Đjordano PERŠURIĆ, Enrico<br />

PETERLUNGER, Stefano PONI, Jorge B. QUEIROZ, Andrew G. REYNOLDS, Jean-Philippe ROBY, Hans Reiner SCHULTZ,<br />

Vicente SOTÉS, Bruno TISSEYRE, Jorge TONIETTO, Laurent TORREGROSA, James A. WOLPERT.<br />

Contacts<br />

Responsible<br />

Prof. Vittorino NOVELLO<br />

Tel. +39 011 6708758<br />

Fax +39 011 2368758<br />

e-mail vittorino.novello@unito.it<br />

Secretary<br />

Dott.ssa Silvia CAVALLETTO<br />

Tel. +39 011 6708706<br />

Fax +39 011 2368706<br />

e-mail silvia.cavalletto@unito.it<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


Programme - Final Draft<br />

August 29 th , Monday<br />

Asti, new University building main hall - Fabrizio de Andrè Area<br />

08.00-09.00 Registration of Participants<br />

09.00-10.30 Opening ceremony<br />

Federico Castellucci, OIV Director, WORLD VITICULTURE<br />

10.30-11.00 Coffee break<br />

Session I – Opening lectures<br />

11.00-11.15 Introductory Remarks<br />

Vittorino Novello<br />

Alain Carbonneau<br />

11.15-11.45 Opening lecture - Laurent Torregrosa<br />

MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH TO SELECT NEW CULTIVARS ADAPTED TO CLIMATE CHANGES<br />

Nathalie OLLAT, Lucie FERNANDEZ, Charles ROMIEU, Eric DUCHÊNE, José Ramón LISSARRAGUE, David LECOURIEUX, Agnès<br />

AGEORGES, Mary KELLY, Juan CACHO, Julian RIVAS, Rosa LAMUELA, Jean Pascal GOUTOULY, Cornelis van LEEUWEN, Elisa<br />

MARGUERIT, Anthony PECCOUX, Francois BARRIEU, Patrice THIS, Eric LEBON, Anne PELLEGRINO, José-Miguel MARTINEZ<br />

ZAPATER, Laurent TORREGROSA<br />

Session II – Viticulture of Mediterranean and hot regions<br />

Chairperson: Stefanos Koundouras<br />

11.45-12.15 Invited Speaker – Jorge Tonietto<br />

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE VITICULTURE FOR A HIGH QUALITY TROPICAL WINE PRODUCTION IN THE WORLD<br />

Jorge TONIETTO, Giuliano Elias PEREIRA<br />

12.15-12.30 G.E. Pereira<br />

USE OF CHEMOMETRICS TO CHARACTERIZE TROPICAL WINES FROM DIFFERENT VINTAGES AND GRAPE CULTIVARS<br />

ACCORDING TO THE 1 H NMR SPECTROSCOPY DATA<br />

Humberto GOMES NETO, Fernando HALLWASS, João Bosco Paraíso da SILVA, Giuliano Elias PEREIRA<br />

12.30-12.45 L. Lima<br />

POLYPHENOLIC AND CHROMATIC CHARACTERIZATION OF TROPICAL RED WINES PRODUCED IN THE SÃO FRANCISCO<br />

RIVER VALLEY (NORTHEAST BRAZIL)<br />

Luciana Leite de Andrade LIMA, Giuliano Elias PEREIRA, Samara Alvachian Cardoso ANDRADE, Nonete Barbosa GUERRA<br />

12.45-13.00 F. De Herralde<br />

ROOT GROWTH DYNAMICS AND EFFECTS ON WHOLE PLANT GROWTH IN THREE ROOTSTOCKS UNDER LOW WATER<br />

AVAILABILITY CONDITIONS<br />

Felicidad DE HERRALDE, Xavier ARANDA, Carme BIEL, Robert SAVÉ<br />

13.00-13.15 S. Koundouras<br />

WATER AND NITROGEN EFFECTS ON CARBON ISOTOPE COMPOSITION (δ 13 C) OF FIELD-GROWN GRAPEVINES UNDER A<br />

MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE<br />

Dimitris TASKOS, Konstantinos KARAKIOULAKIS, Nikolaos THEODOROU, Ioannis T. TSIALTAS, Eleftheria ZIOZIOU, Nikolaos<br />

NIKOLAOU, Stefanos KOUNDOURAS<br />

13.15-13.30 C. Collins<br />

GRAPEVINE REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE IN A HOTTER CLIMATE<br />

Cassandra COLLINS, Suzanne McKAY, Annette JAMES, Victor SADRAS<br />

13.30-15.00 Lunch & poster view<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


Session III – Sustainable Viticulture and terroir<br />

Chairperson: Enrico Peterlunger<br />

15.00-15.30 Invited Speaker – Jacobus J. Hunter<br />

INTEGRATIVE STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE VITICULTURE AND TERROIR VALORISATION<br />

Jacobus J. HUNTER, Eben ARCHER, Albert E. STREVER, Cornelis G. VOLSCHENK<br />

15.30-15.45 B. Bálo<br />

APPLICATION OF NEW RESEARCH APPROACHES IN THE EVALUATION OF VITICULTURAL POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT<br />

TERROIRS (PRELIMINARY RESULTS)<br />

Borbála BÁLO, Gyula VÁRADI, Erika TÓTH, Márta LADÁNYI, Erzsébet SZŰCS, Péter BURAI, Csaba LÉNÁRT, Tibor BÍRÓ, Zsolt<br />

ZSÓFI<br />

15.45-16.00 M. Białobrzeska<br />

DELINEATION OF POTENTIAL VITICULTURE AREAS IN SOUTH-WESTERN POLAND<br />

Monika BIAŁOBRZESKA, Mariusz SZYMANOWSKI, Maciej KRYZA<br />

16.00-16.15 A. Carbonneau<br />

MODELS OF ARCHITECTURES ADAPTED TO A SUSTAINABLE VITICULTURE. INTEREST AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE<br />

FOLDABLE LYRE<br />

Alain CARBONNEAU, Hernán OJEDA<br />

16.15-16.30 P. Coll<br />

STUDYING SOIL QUALITY IS ESSENTIAL TO EVALUATE THE SUSTAINABILITY OF A VINEYARD<br />

Patrice COLL, Egidio LARDO, Edith LE CADRE, Cécile VILLENAVE<br />

16.30-16.45 L. Gonthier<br />

TOTAL GRASS COVER IN VINEYARDS: AN INNOVATING AND PROMISING SOIL MANAGEMENT ALTERNATIVE TO REDUCE<br />

THE USE OF HERBICIDES<br />

Laure GONTIER, Thierry DUFOURCQ, Christophe GAVIGLIO<br />

16.45-17.00 P.W. Skinner<br />

ESTABLISHING BASELINES FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND SOIL SUSTAINABILITY OF VINEYARD LANDS IN NORTHERN<br />

CHINA<br />

Paul W. SKINNER, Claudio TRONCONI, Travis NAUMAN, Craig RASMUSSEN, Qin HAIZHI, Genxing PAN<br />

17.00-17.15 C. Gary<br />

THE MANAGEMENT OF INTERCROPS IN VINEYARDS SHOULD BE ADAPTIVE TO BUFFER THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE<br />

VARIABILITY ON THE GRAPEVINE PERFORMANCES<br />

Aude RIPOCHE, Jean-Pierre RELLIER, Roger MARTIN-CLOUAIRE, Christian GARY<br />

17.15-18.00 Discussion sessions II & III<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


August 30 th , Tuesday<br />

Asti, new University building main hall - Fabrizio de Andrè Area<br />

Session IV – Advanced technological viticulture<br />

Chairperson: Carlos Lopes<br />

08.30-09.00 Invited Speaker - Giovanni Agati<br />

IN FIELD NON-DESTRUCTIVE OPTICAL SENSING OF GRAPE MATURITY<br />

Giovanni AGATI, Zoran G. CEROVIC<br />

09.00-09.15 Y. Guisard<br />

METHODOLOGICAL IMPROVEMENTS WHEN USING THERMAL IMAGERY IN VITICULTURE<br />

Yann GUISARD, Jeremy WHISH, Geoffrey SCOLLARY<br />

09.15-09.30 B. Tisseyre<br />

SPATIAL EXTRAPOLATION OF THE VINE WATER STATUS AT THE WHOLE DENOMINATION SCALE<br />

Kevin BARALON, Jean-Christophe PAYAN, Elian SALANCON, Bruno TISSEYRE<br />

09.30-09.45 J. Tardaguila<br />

USING RGB IMAGE ANALYSIS TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF EARLY DEFOLIATION ON THE FRUIT ZONE<br />

Javier TARDAGUILA, Ana HERRERO-LANGREO, Pilar BARREIRO, Constantino VALERO, Stefano PONI, María Paz DIAGO<br />

09.45-10.00 C. Bonghi<br />

SENSORIAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR CHANGES ON RABOSO PIAVE GRAPE BERRIES HARVESTED BY APPLYING<br />

DOUBLE REASONED MATURATION AND LATE HARVEST TECHNIQUES<br />

Fiorenza ZILIOTTO, Fabio Massimo RIZZINI, Gianni TEO, Lisa VEILLEUX, Angelo RAMINA, Giovanni CARGNELLO, Claudio<br />

BONGHI<br />

10.00-10.30 Coffee break<br />

Chairperson: Borbála Bálo<br />

10.30-10.45 A.E. Strever<br />

NON-DESTRUCTIVE ASSESSMENT OF LEAF COMPOSITION AS RELATED TO GROWTH OF THE GRAPEVINE (Vitis vinifera L.<br />

CV. SHIRAZ)<br />

Albert E. STREVER, P.R. YOUNG, H. BOSHOFF, Jacobus J. HUNTER<br />

10.45-11.00 M.P. Diago<br />

EXPLORING ZENITHAL AND LATERAL THERMOGRAPHY FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF VINEYARD WATER STATUS<br />

Helga OCHAGAVÍA, Olga M. GRANT, Javier BALUJA, María Paz DIAGO, Javier TARDAGUILA<br />

11.00-11.15 J.C. Herrera-Nuñez M. Białobrzeska<br />

APPLICATION OF TOPOGRAPHY POSITION INDEX (TPI) FOR VITICULTURE ZONES CLASSIFICATION: A CASE-STUDY IN THE<br />

TERAMO PROVINCE, ITALY<br />

Jose C. HERRERA-NUÑEZ, Monika BIAŁOBRZESKA, Michele PISANTE<br />

11.15-11.30 E. Fiorillo<br />

COMPARISON OF THREE DIFFERENT METHODS OF NDVI ACQUISITION FOR VINEYARD CANOPY MONITORING AND THEIR<br />

SUITABILITY FOR GRAPE QUALITY CLASSIFICATION<br />

Edoardo FIORILLO, Tiziana DE FILIPPIS, Salvatore Filippo DI GENNARO, Alessandro MATESE, Francesco Primo VACCARI,<br />

Paolo CARNEVALI, Stefano PEDÒ, Stefano DI BLASI, Lorenzo GENESIO<br />

11.30-11.45 New Holland<br />

11.45-13.00 Discussion session IV<br />

13.00-14.30 Lunch & poster view<br />

14.30 Technical Tours Canavese/Ghemme/Langhe/Monferrato<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


August 31 st , Wednesday<br />

Asti, new University building main hall - Fabrizio de Andrè Area<br />

Session V – Ecophysiology and climatology<br />

Chairperson: Gregory V. Jones<br />

08.30-09.00 Invited Speaker – Hans Reiner Schultz<br />

CLIMATOLOGY, ECOPHYSIOLOGY, VINE PERFORMANCE - A SET OF STRANGE CONNECTIONS<br />

Hans Reiner SCHULTZ<br />

09.00-09.15 L. de Palma<br />

LEAF REMOVAL, VINE PHYSIOLOGY AND WINE QUALITY IN CV NEGRAMARO (Vitis vinifera L.)<br />

Laura de PALMA, Luigi TARRICONE, Gaia MUCI, Patrizio LIMOSANI, Michele SAVINO, Vittorino NOVELLO<br />

09.15-09.30 D. Mosetti<br />

EFFECT OF BASAL LEAF REMOVAL AND NITROGEN NUTRITION ON GRAPE QUALITY OF SAUVIGNON BLANC<br />

Davide MOSETTI, Simone Diego CASTELLARIN, Giovanni BIGOT, Giorgio ALBERTI, Enrico PETERLUNGER<br />

09.30-09.45 P. Sabbatini<br />

ANALYSIS OF BERRY GROWTH AND MATURATION AS RELATED TO CROPPING LEVELS AND SEASONAL VARIATION<br />

Paolo SABBATINI, Letizia TOZZINI, Gordon S. HOWELL, James A. WOLPERT<br />

09.45-10.00 D. Santini<br />

ECOPHYSIOLOGICAL AND AGRONOMIC RESPONSE OF TWO “NEBBIOLO” CLONES TO DIFFERENT LEAFROLL VIRUS<br />

INFECTION<br />

Deborah SANTINI, Alessandra MOLLO, Davide PACIFICO, Enrico BORGOGNO MONDINO, Franco MANNINI<br />

10.00-10.30 Coffee break<br />

Chairperson: Laura de Palma<br />

10.30-10.45 J.A. Prieto<br />

ASSESSING WHOLE CANOPY GAS EXCHANGE THROUGH A FUNCTIONAL-STRUCTURAL PLANT MODEL FOR GRAPEVINE (CV.<br />

SYRAH)<br />

Jorge A. PRIETO, Gaëtan LOUARN, Jorge PEREZ PEÑA, Hernán OJEDA, Thierry SIMONNEAU, Eric LEBON<br />

10.45-11.00 S. Poni<br />

SHOOT THINNING EFFECTS ON SEASONAL WHOLE-CANOPY PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND VINE PERFORMANCE IN Vitis Vinifera L.<br />

CV. BARBERA<br />

Fabio BERNIZZONI, Silvia CIVARDI, Maria Isabel van ZELLER de MACEDO BASTO GONÇALVES, Matteo GATTI, Stefano PONI<br />

11.00-11.15 C. van Leeuwen<br />

SPATIALISATION OF VINE WATER AND NITROGEN STATUS AT THE ESTATE LEVEL OR AT THE BLOCK LEVEL<br />

Cornelis van LEEUWEN, Jean Pascal GOUTOULY, David PERNET, Laure de RESSÉGUIER, Philippe FRIANT, Jean-Philippe ROBY<br />

11.15-11.30 I. Filippetti<br />

EFFECTS OF LATE-SEASON SOURCE LIMITATIONS INDUCED BY TRIMMING AND ANTITRASPIRANTS CANOPY SPRAY ON<br />

GRAPE COMPOSITION DURING RIPENING IN Vitis vinifera CV. SANGIOVESE<br />

Ilaria FILIPPETTI, Gianluca ALLEGRO, Nooshin MOVAHED, Chiara PASTORE, Gabriele VALENTINI, Cesare INTRIERI<br />

11.30-11.45 J. Smith<br />

VARIATION IN STARCH AND NITROGEN RESERVE STORAGE BY GRAPEVINES AND MEASUREMENT BY ATR-FT-IR<br />

SPECTROSCOPY<br />

Jason SMITH, Leo QUIRK, Markus MÜLLER, Leigh SCHMIDTKE, Bruno HOLZAPFEL<br />

11.45-12.00 R. De Bei<br />

CARBOHYDRATE DYNAMICS OF CHARDONNAY GRAPEVINES AFFECTED BY IRRIGATION REDUCTION AND RECOVERING<br />

REGIMES<br />

Roberta DE BEI, Sigfredo FUENTES, Wendy SULLIVAN, Joanne PECH, Everard J. EDWARDS, Michael McCARTHY, Steve<br />

TYERMAN<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


12.00-12.15 M. Keller<br />

GRAPEVINE COLD HARDINESS: A MODEL AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE<br />

Markus KELLER, John C. FERGUSON, Lynn J. MILLS, Julie M. TARARA, Gary G. GROVE, Gerrit HOOGENBOOM<br />

12.15-14.00 Lunch & poster view<br />

Chairperson: Hans Reiner Schultz<br />

14.00-14.15 L.G. Santesteban<br />

EFFECT OF CLIMATIC CONDITIONS AND CULTIVAR ON TOTAL NITROGEN AND INDIVIDUAL FREE AMINO ACID CONTENT OF<br />

GRAPES IN NAVARRA AND LA RIOJA (SPAIN)<br />

Luis Gonzaga SANTESTEBAN, Carlos MIRANDA, José Bernardo ROYO<br />

14.15-14.30 M. Hofmann<br />

SIMULATING THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON VINEYARD WATER BUDGET USING DIFFERENT REGIONALISED HIGH<br />

RESOLUTION CLIMATE MODELS<br />

Marco HOFMANN, Hans Reiner SCHULTZ<br />

14.30-14.45 C. Cuccia<br />

VARIABILITY OF ESTIMATED DATES OF THE OCCURRENCE OF DEVELOPMENT STAGES OF PINOT NOIR IN BURGUNDY, FOR<br />

CURRENT AND FUTURE CLIMATE, DEPENDING ON THE PHENOLOGICAL MODEL USED<br />

Cédric CUCCIA, Benjamin BOIS, Amber PARKER, Cornelis van LEEUWEN, Thierry CASTEL, Iñaki GARCIA DE CORTAZAR-<br />

ATAURI, Yves RICHARD<br />

14.45-15.00 M. Moriondo<br />

THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON GRAPEVINE CULTIVATED AREA<br />

Marco MORIONDO, Marco BINDI, Gregory V. JONES, Benjamin BOIS, Roberto FERRISE, Giacomo TROMBI<br />

15.00-15.15 G.V. Jones<br />

VITICULTURAL ZONING IN EUROPE: INTER-ANNUAL VARIABILITY<br />

Gregory V. JONES, João A. SANTOS, Aureliano C. MALHEIRO, Joaquim G. PINTO<br />

15.15-16.00 Discussion<br />

Session VI – Viticulture R&D within Rapidly Changing Innovation and Funding Systems<br />

Chairperson: Peter Hayes, Vice-President OIV<br />

16.00-16.20 Opening: Workshop Purpose and Scene Setting<br />

I. EYNARD AWARDS, A. Gandini<br />

16.20-16.40<br />

EUROPEAN CASE STUDY: RECENT FUNDING CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES<br />

Hans Reiner Schulz<br />

16.40-17.00<br />

AUSTRALIA CASE STUDY: THE GWRDC FUNDING MODEL AND COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH<br />

Peter Hayes<br />

Chairperson: Cesare Intrieri<br />

17.00-17-30 Discussion<br />

17.30-18.00 Italian Industry Perspective and Concluding Response<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


September 1 st , Thursday<br />

08.00-09.00 Transfer to Alba<br />

Alba, Ferrero Foundation main hall - Strada di Mezzo, 44<br />

Session VII – Vineyard management<br />

Chairperson: Jean-Philippe Roby<br />

09.00-09.30 Invited Speaker - Nick Dokoozlian<br />

SOME NEW PERSPECTIVES ON THE IMPACT OF VINE BALANCE ON GRAPE AND WINE FLAVOR DEVELOPMENT<br />

Nick DOKOOZLIAN, Nona EBISUDA, Micheal CLEARY<br />

09.30-09.45 P. Dry<br />

MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES TO REDUCE BUNCH TEMPERATURE IN AUSTRALIAN VINEYARDS<br />

Peter DRY<br />

09.45-10.00 M. Krasnow<br />

THE EFFECTS OF CLUSTER GIRDLING ON FRUIT GROWTH, FIRMNESS AND COMPOSITION<br />

Mark KRASNOW, Mark MATTHEWS, Douglas ADAMS, Kenneth SHACKEL<br />

10.00-10.15 L. Tarricone<br />

EFFECTS OF CROP LOAD AND TIME OF GIRDLING ON SUGRATHIRTEEN® TABLE GRAPE: FIRST RESULTS<br />

Giovanni GENTILESCO, Antonio Maria AMENDOLAGINE, Maria Angela GIANNANDREA, Luciano NOTARANGELO, Sabino<br />

ROCCOTELLI, Serafino SURIANO, Michele SAVINO, Vitantonio ROMANAZZI, Luigi TARRICONE<br />

10.15-10.30 L. Rustioni<br />

ANTHOCYANIN PROFILE VARIABILITY: CHANGES IN SANGIOVESE PIGMENTS ACYLATION RELATED TO GROWING<br />

CONDITION AND VITICULTURAL MANAGEMENT<br />

Laura RUSTIONI, Mara ROSSONI, Mattia VAIRETTI, Osvaldo FAILLA, Attilio SCIENZA<br />

10.30-10.45 B. Holzapfel<br />

THE INFLUENCE OF VARIOUS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON NITROGEN RESERVES OF THE PERENNIAL STRUCTURE IN<br />

SHIRAZ GRAPEVINES IN SOUTH-EASTERN AUSTRALIA<br />

Bruno HOLZAPFEL, Jason SMITH<br />

Chairperson: Jesús Yuste<br />

10.45-11.00 M. Lafontaine<br />

ANTHOCYANIN CONCENTRATION IN PINOT NOIR BERRIES AND THEIR EXTRACTION INTO WINE AS AFFECTED BY<br />

ROOTSTOCK<br />

Magali LAFONTAINE, Rob C. SCHOLZ, Manfred STOLL, Hans Reiner SCHULTZ<br />

11.00-11.15 D. Papi<br />

EFFECTS OF DEFOLIATION AND CLUSTER THINNING ON PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF<br />

SANGIOVESE GRAPES<br />

Daniel PAPI, Massimiliano BALDI, Marco LEPRINI, Riccardo SPICUZZA, Paolo STORCHI<br />

11.15-11.30 D.S. Intrigliolo<br />

EARLY LEAF PULLING REDUCES CLUSTER COMPACTNESS AND IMPROVES FRUIT COMPOSITION OF CV. MANDÓ. A<br />

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER EXAMPLE FOR PREMIUM WINE PRODUCTION<br />

Ivan GÓMEZ, David PALAU, Javier REVERT, María Dolores ESTEVE, María Dolores CLIMENT, Antonio MARTINEZ, Jesús<br />

JIMENEZ, Diego S. INTRIGLIOLO<br />

11.30-11.45 I. Gribaudo<br />

MONITORING THE SPREAD OF VIRUSES AFTER VINEYARD REPLANTING WITH VIRUS-FREE CLONES OF Vitis vinifera<br />

“NEBBIOLO‟: AN UPDATE<br />

Ivana GRIBAUDO, Danila CUOZZO, Giorgio GAMBINO, Sabrina BERTIN, Domenico BOSCO, Daniele DELLAVALLE, Alba<br />

COTRONEO, Franco MANNINI<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


Chairperson: Stefano Poni<br />

11.45-12.00 G. McGourty<br />

IMPROVING THE YIELD AND QUALITY OF SAUVIGNON BLANC<br />

Glenn McGOURTY, Jim NOSERA, David KOBALL, Carrie Ann KUNKEL, T. FREIBERG, Stuart WEISS<br />

12.00-12.15 P.R. Clingeleffer<br />

ROOTSTOCKS, A TOOL TO MANIPULATE VINE GROWTH CHARACTERISTICS, FRUIT COMPOSITION AND WINE QUALITY<br />

ATTRIBUTES, WATER USE EFFICIENCY AND DROUGHT TOLERANCE<br />

Peter R. CLINGELEFFER, Brady P. SMITH, Everard J. EDWARDS, Marisa J. COLLINS, Norma B. MORALES, Rob R. WALKER<br />

12.15-12.30 J. Yuste<br />

INFLUENCE OF 9 GRAPEVINE ROOTSTOCKS ON VEGETATIVE-PRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND GRAPE QUALITY OF<br />

TEMPRANILLO VARIETY IN THE A.O. RUEDA (SPAIN)<br />

Jesús YUSTE, María ALBURQUERQUE<br />

12.30-12.45 M. Greven<br />

THE INFLUENCE OF CROP LOAD ON VINE PERFORMANCE AND FRUIT CHARACTERISTICS<br />

Marc GREVEN, Sue NEAL, Jeff BENNETT, Helen BOLDINGH<br />

12.45-13.00 F. Martinez de Toda P. Balda<br />

DECREASING THE ALCOHOL LEVEL IN QUALITY RED WINES BY THE “DOUBLE HARVEST” TECHNIQUE<br />

Fernando MARTÍNEZ DE TODA, Pedro BALDA<br />

13.00-14.30 Lunch<br />

14.30-16.30 General Discussion and Conclusions<br />

Académie de la Vigne et du Vin<br />

Chairwoman: Jocelyne Pérard (Chaire Unesco)<br />

Co-chairman: Giovanni Cargnello<br />

Part 1<br />

16.30-16.45 A. Carbonneau<br />

WILD GRAPEVINE AND CULTIVATED GRAPEVINE: WHERE IS THE FRONTIER?<br />

Alain CARBONNEAU<br />

16.45-17.00 M.A. Carbonneau A. Carbonneau<br />

WINE, ALCOHOL AND HEALTH: WHAT ARE THE QUESTIONS WE MUST ASK?<br />

Marie-Annette CARBONNEAU<br />

17.00-17.15 L. Galletto<br />

KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF THE PROSECCO WINE AMONG FOREIGN PEOPLE<br />

Vasco BOATTO, Giovanni CARGNELLO, Luigi GALLETTO<br />

Part 2<br />

17.15-17.25 A. Carbonneau EXPERIENCE IN SOUTH OF FRANCE<br />

17.25-17.35 P. Hayes EXPERIENCE IN AUSTRALIA<br />

17.35-17.45 G.E. Pereira EXPERIENCE IN NORTH-EAST OF BRAZIL<br />

17.45-17.55 M. Fregoni EXPERIENCE IN ITALY<br />

17.55-18.00 A. Carbonneau SHORT CONCLUSION ON METHODOLOGY<br />

18.00-18.30 Transfer to Fontanafredda<br />

18.30-20.00 Visit Fontanafredda Vineyards & Winery<br />

20.00 Closure dinner<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


September 2 nd , Friday<br />

Asti, new University building, room 2<br />

Fabrizio de Andrè Area<br />

09.00-12.00 <strong>GiESCO</strong> Scientific Committee<br />

Board of Directors of the <strong>GiESCO</strong><br />

General Assembly<br />

Post meeting tours (optional)<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


Poster<br />

Session II – Viticulture of Mediterranean and hot regions<br />

CHARACTERIZATION OF AROMATIC PROFILES IN BRAZILIAN TROPICAL WINES DETERMINED BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY<br />

AND MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS<br />

Ana Julia de Brito ARAÚJO, Regina VANDERLINDE, Luciana Leite de Andrade LIMA, Giuliano Elias PEREIRA<br />

SENSORY PROFILES OF TROPICAL WINES PRODUCED IN THE SÃO FRANCISCO RIVER VALEY (NORTHEAST BRAZIL)<br />

Nonete Barbosa GUERRA, Luciana Leite de Andrade LIMA, Giuliano Elias PEREIRA, Samara Alvachian Cardoso ANDRADE,<br />

Karina Correia da SILVEIRA, Taciana Leite de Andrade LIMA<br />

PHOTOSYNTHETICALLY ACTIVE RADIATION LEVELS IN A SYRAH VINEYARD IN A BRAZILIAN TROPICAL SEMIARID AREA:<br />

PRELIMINARY RESULTS<br />

Magna Soelma Beserra MOURA, José Francisco Alves do CARMO, Ivan I.S. SÁ, Patrícia Coelho de Souza LEÃO, Thieres G.F. da<br />

SILVA, Luciana S.B. de SOUZA<br />

EFFECTS OF LEAF REMOVAL AND SHOOT TRIMMING ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SYRAH<br />

GRAPEVINE IN NORTHEAST BRAZIL: PRELIMINARY RESULTS<br />

Patrícia Coelho de Souza LEÃO, Ana Rita Leandro dos SANTOS, Ivi Lithiany Souza SANTOS, José Francisco Alves do CARMO<br />

CABERNET SAUVIGNON IN TROPICAL SEMI-ARID CLIMATE (PERNAMBUCO – BRASIL) Adaptation of some clones and their<br />

affinity to different rootstocks<br />

Rogério de CASTRO, Amândio CRUZ, Francisco AMORIM, Giuliano Elias PEREIRA, João A. SANTOS, Carlos LUCAS, Jorge<br />

RICARDO-DA-SILVA<br />

QUALITY POTENTIAL OF “NEW-OLD” WHITE WINEGRAPE GENOTYPES FROM DAUNIA (NORTHERN APULIA REGION): BACK<br />

TO THE FUTURE?<br />

Laura de PALMA, Patrizio LIMOSANI, Maria DE MICHELE, Pasquale TAMBORRA, Luigi TARRICONE, Giuseppina POLI, Vittorino<br />

NOVELLO<br />

Session III – Sustainable Viticulture and terroir<br />

PLURIENNAL TRIALS FOR THE CONTROL OF GRAPEVINE DOWNY MILDEW WITH NATURAL PRODUCTS<br />

Anna LA TORRE, Claudio MANDALÁ, Federica CARADONIA, Valerio BATTAGLIA<br />

NERO DI TROIA, SUSUMANIELLO AND UVALINO: ITALIAN AUTOCHTHONOUS WINE GRAPE VARIETIES WITH HIGH<br />

CONTENTS IN STILBENIC AND FLAVONOIDS COMPOUNDS<br />

Serafino SURIANO, Pasquale TAMBORRA, Michele SAVINO, Luigi TARRICONE<br />

ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF GRAPE SEEDS FROM DIFFERENT CULTIVARS AND CLONES OF CENTRAL ITALY<br />

Simonetta MORETTI, Maria Cristina COMANDINI, Roberto VALORI, Francesca CECCHINI<br />

EFFECTS OF CANOPY HEIGHT AND IRRIGATION ON TEMPRANILLO GRAPEVINES (Vitis Vinifera L.). WATER RELATIONS, VINE<br />

PERFORMANCE AND FRUIT COMPOSITION<br />

D. PÉREZ, A. YEVES, D. RISCO, Diego S. INTRIGLIOLO, Juan Ramon CASTEL<br />

EFFECT OF THE TERROIR ON THE NUTRACEUTICAL PROPRIETIES IN Vitis Vinifera L. CV. DOLCETTO<br />

Francesca CECCHINI, Barbara GIANNINI, Massimo MORASSUT, Simonetta MORETTI<br />

CLONE-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION: AGRONOMIC AND ENOLOGICAL PERFORMANCES OF ‘BARBERA’ SELECTIONS IN TWO<br />

WINE-GROWING AREAS OF PIEDMONT (NORTH-WEST ITALY)<br />

Franco MANNINI, Alessandra MOLLO, Deborah SANTINI, Ruggero TRAGNI, Elena MARCHESE<br />

CONTRIBUTION TO THE AROMATIC CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME AUTOCHTHONOUS ITALIAN WINE-GRAPES<br />

Pasquale TAMBORRA, Michele SAVINO, Serafino SURIANO, Luigi TARRICONE, Loredana LANZELLOTTI<br />

BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT IN VITICULTURE LANDSCAPES DEMONSTRATING PROJECT LIFE+ BIODIVINE<br />

Joel ROCHARD, Carine HERBIN, France MERCIER, Maarten VAN HELDEN, Josépha GUENSER, Marie FAUCHADOUR<br />

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF BIODEGRADABLE MULCHING ON GRAPEVINE NURSERY SOIL MANAGEMENT<br />

Luigi TARRICONE, Sara GUERRINI, Manuela IMPALLARI, Teresa NOBILE, Gianvito MASI, Pasquale TAMBORRA, Antonio Maria<br />

AMENDOLAGINE<br />

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE TERRITORY BELONGING TO “TERRE ALTE DI BRISIGHELLA” VINEGROWING AREA<br />

Leonardo VALENTI, Andrea GOZZINI, Isabella GHIGLIENO, Giovanni NIGRO, Stefano RAIMONDI, Gabriele ANTOLINI, Paolo<br />

BABINI, Fulvio MATTIVI<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOIL ORIGIN AND WINE STILBENE CONCENTRATION IN THE “SANGIOVESE DI ROMAGNA”<br />

APPELLATION AREA<br />

Matteo GATTI, Maurizio ZAMBONI, Silvia CIVARDI, Natalia BOBEICA, Marco ZANETTI, Driss ELOTHMANI, Luigi BAVARESCO<br />

PRECISION VITICULTURE TOOLS TO MANAGE GOBLET-TRAINED VINEYARDS IN “RIOJA ALAVESA”<br />

Inés URRETAVIZCAYA, Luis Gonzaga SANTESTEBAN, Nagore ECHEVARRÍA, Carlos MIRANDA, José Bernardo ROYO<br />

SOIL ORGANIC MATTER, AGGREGATE STABILITY AND RESPIRATION: INTEGRATED MEASURES FOR THE EVALUATION OF<br />

THE SOIL SUSTAINABILITY IN THE VINEYARDS<br />

Egidio LARDO, Patrice COLL, Giuseppe CELANO, Edith LE CADRE, Cécile VILLENAVE, Cristos XILOYANNIS<br />

RULES FOR PLOT ROTATION IN WINEGROWING ESTATES BASED ON THE CREATED ECONOMIC VALUE<br />

Laure de RESSÉGUIER, Jean-Philippe ROBY, Cornelis van LEEUWEN<br />

INTERNATIONAL WINES IN A TRADITIONAL ITALIAN WINE PRODUCING REGION<br />

Claudia BELLONE, Luigi GALLETTO<br />

VARIETY, PLANT ARCHITECTURE AND PRUNING METHODS INFLUENCE ON GREY MOLD OF GRAPEVINE<br />

Milka FERRER, Gustavo GONZALEZ-NEVES, Gianfranca CAMUSSI, Gerardo ECHEVERRIA, Alain CARBONNEAU<br />

INDIRECT ESTIMATION OF NITROGEN RESERVES CONTRIBUTION TO ANNUAL GROWTH OF GRAPEVINE<br />

Nicolas GUILPART, Aurélie METAY, Christian GARY<br />

Session IV – Advanced technological viticulture<br />

EFFECT OF FACTORS RELATED TO THE TRAINING SYSTEM IN VINEYARDS ON A REMOTELY-SENSED VEGETATIVE INDEX<br />

Bruno TISSEYRE, Jean-Christophe PAYAN, Elian SALANCON, James A. TAYLOR<br />

APPLICATION OF AN AUTOMATIC SAMPLER TO INTACT WINEGRAPE ANALYSIS BY FT-NIR TECHNOLOGY<br />

Fabrizio TORCHIO, Enzo CAGNASSO, Simone GIACOSA, Luca ROLLE, Vincenzo GERBI<br />

BERRY SENSORY ASSESSMENT (BSA) – SHOULD FROZEN WINE GRAPE BERRIES BE USED IN SENSORY EVALUATIONS? IS<br />

BSA IMPORTANT FOR WINEMAKERS AND GRAPEGROWERS?<br />

Sandra OLARTE, Cassandra COLLINS, Susan E.P. BASTIAN<br />

INFLUENCE OF IRRIGATION MANAGEMENTS AS PARTIAL ROOTZONE DRYING, DEFICIT IRRIGATION AND SUSTAINED<br />

STRESS IRRIGATION, ON VEGETATIVE AND PRODUCTIVE PARAMETERS OF Vitis Vinifera L., CV CANNONAU<br />

Massimiliano Giuseppe MAMELI, Lorenzo ZUCCA, Luciano DE PAU, Daniela SATTA<br />

Session V – Ecophysiology and climatology<br />

DIFFERENCES IN NEAR-ISOHYDRIC AND ANISOHYDRIC BEHAVIOUR OF FOUR FIELD-GROWN Vitis Vinifera L. CULTIVARS<br />

ACCOUNT FOR LEAF SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE THROUGHOUT THE SEASON<br />

Juan Luis CHACÓN, Rafael MONTERO, Jesús MARTÍNEZ<br />

CARBON ISOTOPIC RATIO VARIATIONS RELATED TO WATER STRESS IN SOME TUSCAN AND SICILIAN WINES<br />

Valentina DELL’ORO, Aldo CIAMBOTTI, Christos TSOLAKIS<br />

EFFECT OF SUNLIGHT EXPOSURE ON THE POLYPHENOLIC CONTENT OF GRAPEVINE LEAVES<br />

Marianna KOCSIS, Silvia JAKABOVÁ, Péter TESZLÁK, Krisztián GAÁL, Borbála BOROS<br />

PRELIMINARY STUDIES OF NIGHT-TIME STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE AND TRANSPIRATION OF THREE FIELD-GROWN Vitis<br />

Vinifera L. CULTIVARS<br />

Rafael MONTERO, Juan Luis CHACÓN, Jesús MARTÍNEZ<br />

STOMATAL SENSITIVITY OF FOUR GRAPEVINE CULTIVARS TO SOIL WATER STATUS<br />

Jesús MARTÍNEZ, Rafael MONTERO, Roberto RODRIGUEZ, Juan Luis CHACÓN<br />

EVALUATION OF SOME PARAMETERS RELATED TO OXIDATIVE STRESS ON TWO NATIVE VARIETIES OF GRAPEVINE<br />

(CORNALIN AND PETIT ROUGE) FROM AOSTA VALLEY: EFFECT OF CANOPY EXPOSURE AND IRRIGATION<br />

Silvia DONNINI, Patrizia DE NISI, Marta DELL’ORTO, Odoardo ZECCA, Graziano ZOCCHI<br />

METEOROLOGICAL INFLUENCES ON CHARDONNAY AND CABERNET SAUVIGNON GRAPEVINE PHENOLOGY AND GROWTH<br />

Maria Cecilia SERRA, Roberta ALILLA<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CANOPY MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ON MICROCLIMATIC DYNAMICS AND THEIR IMPACT ON<br />

GRAPE QUALITY<br />

Alessandro MATESE, Lorenzo GENESIO, Alfonso CRISCI, Salvatore Filippo DI GENNARO, Edoardo FIORILLO, Jacopo<br />

PRIMICERIO, Stefano DI BLASI, Stefano PEDÒ, Roberto ZORER, Francesco Primo VACCARI<br />

IMPACT OF ROW ORIENTATION ON BERRY QUALITY PARAMETERS OF WHITE RIESLING (Vitis vinifera L.)<br />

Matthias FRIEDEL, Claus-Dieter PATZ, Manfred STOLL<br />

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND PHENOLOGY IN GRAPEVINE COLLECTION IN CENTRAL ITALY<br />

Rita PERRIA, Anna Beatrice ARMANNI, Paolo STORCHI<br />

DAILY EVOLUTION OF THE COMPONENTS OF THE BALANCE OF RADIATION OF VINES IN A VINEYARD IN THE DÃO REGION<br />

Pedro RODRIGUES, Vanda PEDROSO, João GOUVEIA, Sérgio MARTINS, Carlos LOPES, Isabel ALVES<br />

INFLUENCE OF THE WINTER PRUNING TIME ON THE PHENOLOGY OF SOME CULTIVARS IN THE DOCG “FRANCIACORTA”<br />

(LOMBARDY) AND THE DOC “MONTEFALCO” (UMBRIA)<br />

Leonardo VALENTI, Michele BRAVI, Mattia DELL’ORTO, Isabella GHIGLIENO<br />

INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT TRAINING SYSTEMS AND CULTIVATION MEASURES ON NITROGEN CONTENT AND<br />

COMPOSITION IN GRAPE MUST<br />

Arnold L. SCHWAB, Eberhard G. GREBNER<br />

USING FORCED BUDS EXPERIMENTS TO CALIBRATE GRAPEVINE BUD BREAK MODELS<br />

Bruno DI LENA, Gianni FILA, Andrea PITACCO, Massimo GARDIMAN, Diego TOMASI, Paolo STORCHI, Oriana SILVESTRONI<br />

FROST RISK SPATIAL ANALYSIS AND ZONING FOR VITICULTURE AT LOCAL SCALE LEVEL USING DIGITAL GEOGRAPHICAL<br />

INFORMATION DATA, FIELD INFORMATION AND WINEGROWERS SURVEY<br />

Benjamin BOIS, Jean-Pierre CHABIN, Pierre PETITOT, Marielle ADRIAN, Malika MADELIN, Hervé QUENOL, Denis THEVENIN,<br />

Julien VILLERY, Thierry CASTEL, Yves RICHARD<br />

LEAF AND STEM WATER POTENTIAL RESPONSE TO DIFFERENT WATER REGIMES ON TEMPRANILLO VARIETY, GROWN IN<br />

THE DUERO RIVER VALLEY (SPAIN)<br />

María ALBURQUERQUE, J. Ramón YUSTE, Jesús YUSTE<br />

IMPACT OF WATER STATUS LEVEL ON ABSCISIC ACID AND ITS CATABOLITE PROFILES IN LEAVES AND BERRIES FROM Vitis<br />

SP. BACO NOIR<br />

Gabriel BALINT, Andrew REYNOLDS<br />

FOLIAR APPLICATION OF ABSCISIC ACID (ABA) TO ADVANCE FRUIT RIPENING AND COLD ACCLIMATION OF GRAPES<br />

Yi ZHANG, Imed DAMI<br />

A LEAF GAS-EXCHANGE MODEL CONSIDERING LEAF NITROGEN STATUS AND ACCLIMATION TO LIGHT GRADIENT WITHIN<br />

CANOPIES<br />

Jorge A. PRIETO, Gaëtan LOUARN, Jorge PEREZ PEÑA, Hernán OJEDA, Thierry SIMONNEAU, Eric LEBON<br />

RECOVERY OF CABERNET SAUVIGNON GRAPEVINES FROM LONG TERM WATER DEFICITS<br />

Everard J. EDWARDS, Peter R. CLINGELEFFER<br />

CHARACTERIZATION OF AROMATIC PRECURSORS IN GRAPES CV. VIOGNIER B. (Vitis Vinifera L.) AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP<br />

TO VINEYARD TRELLIS SYSTEM AND WATER STATUS<br />

M. Belén IACONO, Flor ETCHEBARNE, Magaly ANGENIEUX, Hernán OJEDA<br />

NEW APPROACH FOR GRAPEVINE IRRIGATION SCHEDULING USING SAP FLOW SENSOR: RELATIONSHIP WITH PREDAWN<br />

LEAF WATER POTENTIAL<br />

Nicolas SAURIN, Elio G. LUCERO, Rodrigue MONDJOU, Hernán OJEDA<br />

CORRELATION OF REAL TIME CANOPY TEMPERATURE WITH SOIL MOISTURE CONTENT AND STANDARD VINE PHYSIOLOGY<br />

MEASUREMENTS ON MERLOT AND CABERNET SAUVIGNON GRAPEVINES UNDER TWO IRRIGATION LEVELS<br />

Martin MENDEZ-COSTABEL, Nick DOKOOZLIAN<br />

RELATIONSHIPS AMONG METEOROLOGICAL DATA, LEAF GAS EXCHANGE AND ANTHOCYANIN CONTENT IN ‘NEBBIOLO’<br />

BERRIES GROWN IN THREE DIFFERENT VINEYARDS<br />

Marco VITALI, Alessandra FERRANDINO, Silvia CAVALLETTO, Walter CHITARRA, Tiziana LA IACONA, Federico SPANNA,<br />

Andrea SCHUBERT, Claudio LOVISOLO<br />

AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF GRACIANO, PETIT VERDOT AND TEMPRANILLO GRAPEVINE CULTIVARS (Vitis Vinifera L.)<br />

UNDER TWO WATER REGIMES<br />

Pilar BAEZA, Vicente SOTÉS, Mario de la FUENTE, José Ramón LISSARRAGUE, Pedro JUNQUERA<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


BIOCHEMICAL APPROACHES TO STUDY THE EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE ON GRAPE COMPOSITION IN CV. SANGIOVESE<br />

(Vitis Vinifera L.)<br />

Nooshin MOVAHED, Andrea MASIA, Antonio CELLINI, Chiara PASTORE, Gabriele VALENTINI, Gianluca ALLEGRO, Ilaria<br />

FILIPPETTI<br />

THE EFFECT OF LAG PHASE WATER STRESS ON BERRY SHRIVELLING AND RECOVERING AFTER IRRIGATION IN cv.<br />

CABERNET-SAUVIGNON (Vitis Vinifera L.)<br />

Elman BAHAR, Alain CARBONNEAU, Ilknur KORKUTAL<br />

CLIMATIC RISK FACTORS OF Botrytis cinerea INFECTION FROM CLIMATE CHANGE ASPECT<br />

Márta LADÁNYI, Zs. REICZIGEL, I. FAZEKAS, Borbála BÁLO, György BISZTRAY<br />

Session VII – Vineyard management<br />

REPRODUCTIVE DEVELOPMENT CHANGES WHEN MERLOT IS GRAFTED TO ROOTSTOCKS IN A COOL CLIMATE REGION IN<br />

SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUSTRALIA<br />

Catherine COX, Peter DRY, Michael McCARTHY, Cassandra COLLINS<br />

PHYSIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF CROP WATER STATUS TO OPTIMIZE IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT IN TABLE GRAPE<br />

Adelaide CICCARESE, Anna Maria STELLACCI, Luigi TARRICONE, Giovanni GENTILESCO, Pietro RUBINO<br />

TO SHRIVEL OR NOT TO SHRIVEL - TOWARD AN UNDERSTANDING OF RIPENING RELATED PHYSIOLOGICAL DISORDERS OF<br />

GRAPE BERRY<br />

Bhaskar BONDADA<br />

EFFECTS OF IRRIGATION ON THE VIGOUR, YIELD AND BERRY COMPOSITION OF THE RED VARIETY TOURIGA NACIONAL AT<br />

THE DÃO WINEGROWING REGION, PORTUGAL<br />

João GOUVEIA, Vanda PEDROSO, Pedro RODRIGUES, Sérgio MARTINS, Isabel ALVES, Carlos LOPES<br />

EFFECT OF LEAF REMOVAL ON GRAPES OF CABERNET SAUVIGNON AND SANGIOVESE CULTIVATED IN DIFFERENT ITALIAN<br />

ENVIRONMENTS<br />

Leonardo VALENTI, Isabella GHIGLIENO, Fulvio MATTIVI<br />

LAMBRUSCO DI SORBARA: POLLINATION TESTS WITH ALTERNATIVE CULTIVARS TO LAMBRUSCO SALAMINO<br />

Leonardo VALENTI, Isabella GHIGLIENO, Michele BRAVI, Mattia DELL’ORTO, Fulvio MATTIVI<br />

RARE EARTH ELEMENTS PATTERN IN GRAPE LEAVES<br />

Daniela BERTOLDI, Giorgio NICOLINI, Massimo BERTAMINI, Giuseppe CONCHERI, Roberto LARCHER<br />

EFFECT OF DEFICIT IRRIGATION ON BARBERA WINES IN PIEDMONT<br />

Silvia GUIDONI, Claudio LOVISOLO, Daniela BORSA, Maria Carla CRAVERO, Federica BONELLO, Elisa PARAVIDINO, Ruggero<br />

TRAGNI, Andrea SCHUBERT<br />

VALORIZATION OF AUTOCHTHONOUS CULTIVAR ROSCIOLA BY A PRODUCTION OF SPARKLING WINE<br />

Paolo PIETROMARCHI, Domenico TIBERI, Gaetano CIOLFI, Letizia ROCCHI, Giorgio CASADEI<br />

INFLUENCE OF MODERATE IRRIGATION ON AGRONOMIC BEHAVIOR AND GRAPE QUALITY OF cv. TEMPRANILLO IN THE<br />

APPELLATION OF ORIGIN ARRIBES (SPAIN)<br />

José Antonio RUBIO, Enrique BARAJAS, Jesús YUSTE, César ARRANZ<br />

TEN YEARS COMPARISON (1999-2009) OF SEVEN HIGH DENSITY TRAINING SYSTEMS FOR THE SAGRANTINO CULTIVAR<br />

Leonardo VALENTI, Fulvio MATTIVI, Filippo CARLETTI, Mattia DELL’ORTO, Isabella GHIGLIENO<br />

ROLE OF LEAF REMOVAL ON GRAPE QUALITY OF SAUVIGNON AND GRECHETTO CULTIVARS IN UMBRIA<br />

Leonardo VALENTI, Filippo CARLETTI, Fulvio MATTIVI, Isabella GHIGLIENO, Mattia DELL’ORTO, Michele BRAVI<br />

CLUSTER THINNING EFFECTS ON AGRONOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF SYRAH GRAPEVINES IN MINAS<br />

GERAIS STATE, BRAZIL<br />

Claudia Rita de SOUZA, Frederico Alcântara Novelli DIAS, Renata Vieira da MOTA, Camila Pinheiro Carvalho SILVA, Rodrigo<br />

Meirelles de Azevedo PIMENTEL, Murillo de Albuquerque REGINA<br />

EFFECTS OF ROOTSTOCK ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND AGRONOMICAL RESPONSES OF SYRAH GRAPEVINE IN MINAS GERAIS<br />

STATE, BRAZIL<br />

Frederico Alcântara Novelli DIAS, Claudia Rita de SOUZA, Renata Vieira da MOTA, Camila Pinheiro Carvalho SILVA, Rodrigo<br />

Meirelles de Azevedo PIMENTEL, Murillo de Albuquerque REGINA<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


EFFECTS OF ANTITRANSPIRANT FOLIAR SPRAYING DURING RIPENING ON MUST COMPOSITION OF SANGIOVESE<br />

GRAPEVINES WITH DIFFERENT CROP LOADS<br />

Alberto PALLIOTTI, Vania LANARI, Tania LATTANZI, Lazzaro BORGHESI, Oriana SILVESTRONI<br />

CROP LOAD IS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN CANOPY DENSITY IN INFLUENCING GRAPE BERRY AND WINE COMPOSITION OF<br />

MONTEPULCIANO (Vitis Vinifera L.)<br />

Oriana SILVESTRONI, Bruna BRAVETTI, Vania LANARI, Tania LATTANZI, Andrea VERSARI, Giuseppina Paola PARPINELLO<br />

EXPERIENCE OF LEAF REMOVAL ON Vitis Vinifera L. ‘CANNONAU’ IN SARDINIA<br />

Ana FERNANDES DE OLIVEIRA, Luca MERCENARO, Giampaolo USAI, Nicola TEDDE, Marcello CILLARA, Marcella BETZA,<br />

Giovanni NIEDDU<br />

THE “PEPPERY” SESQUITERPENE ROTUNDONE INCREASES RAPIDLY POST-VERAISON IN Vitis Vinifera L. SYRAH BERRIES<br />

Gerard LOGAN, Tracey SIEBERT, Glen CREASY, Paul KILMARTIN<br />

EFFECT OF ROOTSTOCKS ON SOME PARAMETERS OF MUST, YIELD AND COLOUR LEAF OF CV MARZEMINO DURING YEAR<br />

2010 IN TRENTINO<br />

Pier Luigi BIANCHEDI, Simone IACHEMET, Renzo MOSCON, Mauro FERRAZZA, Giorgio NICOLINI, Umberto MALOSSINI<br />

IT IS POSSIBLE THROUGH CANOPY MANAGEMENT TO CONTROL HIGH pH LEVELS OF TANNAT GRAPES AND WINES<br />

Andrés CONIBERTI, Virginia FERRARI, Eduardo DELLACASSA, Eduardo BOIDO, Laura FARIÑA, Edgardo DISEGNA<br />

FRENCH ‘TANNAT’ CLONES’ PERFORMANCE IN SOUTHERN URUGUAY<br />

Edgardo DISEGNA, Virginia FERRARI, Pablo RODRIGUEZ, Eduardo BOIDO, Laura FARIÑA, Eduardo DELLACASSA, Andrés<br />

CONIBERTI<br />

MICROCLIMATIC ASPECTS IN VINEYARDS WITH DIFFERENT VIGOUR AND EXPOSURE<br />

Silvia GUIDONI, Silvia CAVALLETTO, Stefano BARTOLOMEI, Elena MANIA, Luca GANGEMI<br />

EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL SHADING ON POLYPHENOLIC ACCUMULATION AND AROMATIC COMPOSITION OF GRILLO CV (Vitis<br />

Vinifera L.)<br />

Pietro SCAFIDI, Rosario DI LORENZO, Antonino PISCIOTTA, Pasquale TAMBORRA, Maria Gabriella BARBAGALLO<br />

RELATION BETWEEN ROW AND LEAF ORIENTATION OF SYRAH/101-14 MGT<br />

Antonino PISCIOTTA, Rosario DI LORENZO, Cornelis G. VOLSCHENK, Jacobus J. HUNTER<br />

FACTORS INVOLVED IN ABNORMAL GRAFT UNION DEVELOPMENT<br />

Jacobus J. HUNTER, Cornelis G. VOLSCHENK, Luigi TARRICONE, G.W. FOUCHE<br />

MERLOT WINE QUALITY AS AFFECTED BY CROP LEVEL<br />

Marijan BUBOLA, Đordano PERŠURIĆ, Damir BOSEK, Tomislav PLAVŠA, Karin KOVAČEVIĆ GANIĆ, Zoran UŽILA<br />

POST-VERAISON TRIMMING PRACTICES FOR SLOWING DOWN BERRY SUGAR ACCUMULATION AND TUNING<br />

TECHNOLOGICAL AND PHENOLIC MATURITY<br />

Adamo D. ROMBOLÀ, José I. COVARRUBIAS, Aparecida C. BOLIANI, Gilmar A. MARODIN, Emanuele INGROSSO, Cesare<br />

INTRIERI<br />

EFFECT OF EARLY LEAF REMOVAL ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF MUST AND WINE IN THE WHITE CV. LOUREIRO (VITIS<br />

VINIFERA L.) – VINHOS VERDES REGION<br />

Jorge QUEIROZ, José MACHADO, João GARRIDO, Teresa MOTA<br />

MECHANICAL PRUNING ON A VERTICAL SHOOT POSITIONING SYSTEM IN DÃO REGION<br />

Amândio CRUZ, Chiara PIOVENE, Aurélio CLARO, Ana RODRIGUES, Rogério de CASTRO<br />

DELAYING BERRY RIPENING PROCESS THROUGH LEAF AREA TO FRUIT RATIO DECREASE<br />

Pedro BALDA, Fernando MARTÍNEZ DE TODA<br />

DETERMINATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF DIFFERENT GRAPE VARIETIES GRAFTED ONTO 110 R ROOTSTOCK<br />

Muslum YANMAZ, Asli POLAT, Sadettin GURSOZ<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


Programme for accompanying people<br />

August 29th, Monday: Monferrato<br />

from 8.30 a.m. to 06.00 p.m.<br />

August 30th, Tuesday: Asti<br />

from 8.30 a.m. to 01.00 p.m.<br />

August 31st, Wednesday: Torino and Venaria Reale<br />

from 8.30 a.m. to 06.00 p.m.<br />

September 1st, Thursday: Alba<br />

from 8.30 a.m. to 05.00 p.m.<br />

06.00 p.m. transfer to Fontanafredda<br />

Shuttle bus and speaking English Italian guide included<br />

Food, beverages, entrance fees and gratuities not included<br />

Last update August 28 th , <strong>2011</strong>


Proceedings<br />

<strong>17th</strong> INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong><br />

Group of <strong>International</strong> Experts of Vitivinicultural Systems for CoOperation<br />

Asti – Alba, Italy<br />

August 29 th – September 2 nd , <strong>2011</strong><br />

Communications, both oral and poster, were reviewed by the Scientific Committee and then printed on a special issue of<br />

Le Progres Agricole et Viticole (ISSN 0369-8173), which was given to all participants at the <strong>Symposium</strong>.<br />

Correct citation:<br />

Proceedings <strong>17th</strong> <strong>International</strong> <strong>Symposium</strong> <strong>GiESCO</strong>, Asti – Alba (CN), Italy, 29 Aug-2 Sept <strong>2011</strong>, (pg) – (pg)<br />

For any questions about <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong> Proceedings:<br />

Prof. Vittorino NOVELLO<br />

Tel. +39 011 6708758<br />

Fax +39 011 2368758<br />

Fax Dep. +39 011 6708658<br />

e-mail vittorino.novello@unito.it<br />

Foreword to the <strong>17th</strong> <strong>Symposium</strong> <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong><br />

The <strong>17th</strong> <strong>International</strong> <strong>Symposium</strong> <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong> (Group of <strong>International</strong> Experts of Vitivinicultural Systems for<br />

CoOperation) takes place from August 29 th till September 2 nd at the "Viticulture and Enology Sciences Master" of Turin<br />

University (Asti and Alba) - Italy, under the patronage of OIV (<strong>International</strong> Organization for Vine and Wine), Accademia<br />

Italiana della Vite e del Vino, Piedmont regional Government, Italian Agricultural Minister, and the Chaire UNESCO<br />

Culture et Traditions du Vin. The <strong>Symposium</strong> covers many fields of viticultural sciences, and collects about 150<br />

presentations (oral and poster) by researchers and scientists from 17 countries.<br />

GESCO was the original acronym for "Groupe d'Etude des Systèmes de COnduite de la vigne". It was started, as<br />

European group, by Alain Carbonneau and other colleagues, and, as the name implies, was originally focused on training<br />

systems. The group grew, took in researchers out of Europe, and extended its scientific interests to most of the topics of<br />

all viticulture; this is why the group recently renamed itself as <strong>GiESCO</strong>.<br />

The periodical meetings of this group are good occasions to renew personal contacts, as well as to make new ones, in<br />

order to facilitate cooperation in research and education.<br />

The <strong>17th</strong> <strong>International</strong> <strong>Symposium</strong> <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong>, for many viticulturists, is also a good occasion to know Italian<br />

viticulture, especially the Piedmont's one, which is renowned worldwide.<br />

I would like to dedicate this <strong>Symposium</strong> to the memory of Prof. Italo Eynard that, besides to be an excellent viticulture<br />

scientist and professor, was an enthusiastic promoter of the GESCO group at its beginning.<br />

Finally I would like to thanks all people involved in the organization of this event, and all institutions and companies that<br />

have financially supported the symposium or offered donations: without their contribute, this meeting would have been<br />

impossible to realize.<br />

Prof. Vittorino NOVELLO<br />

Convener


Corrigenda to Proceedings <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong><br />

We apologize for errors that arose during the editing process despite our careful vigilance.<br />

Pag. 488 - fig. 7<br />

Pag. 507 – entire text<br />

ROLE OF LEAF REMOVAL ON GRAPE QUALITY OF SAUVIGNON AND<br />

GRECHETTO CULTIVARS IN UMBRIA<br />

Leonardo VALENTI 1* , Filippo CARLETTI 2 , Fulvio MATTIVI 3 , Isabella GHIGLIENO 1 , Mattia DELL’ORTO 1 ,<br />

Michele BRAVI 1<br />

1 <strong>Università</strong> <strong>degli</strong> <strong>Studi</strong> di Milano, Facoltà di Agraria, Dipartimento di Produzione Vegetale, via Celoria 2, 20133, MILANO, Italy<br />

2 Arnaldo Caprai società agricola s.r.l., Loc. Torre, 06036, Montefalco (PG); Italy<br />

3 Centro ricerca ed innovazione IASMA, Fondazione Edmund Mach, via E. Mach 1, 38010, San Michele all’Adige (TN), Italy<br />

* Corresp. author: Leonardo Valenti, Tel. 0250316562, Fax 0250316553, Email: leonardo.valenti@unimi.it.<br />

Summary<br />

The shading of the productive belt produces clusters with<br />

minor sugar contents and higher acidity. Further it creates<br />

optimal conditions for the establishment of Botrytis cinerea. The<br />

present work aims to analyze the effects of leaf removal on<br />

Sauvignon blanc and Grechetto with three different ways of<br />

defoliation (leaf removal to east, west and total) in addition to the<br />

control test (no defoliation). The study was carried out in the<br />

vineyard “Arnaldo Caprai, Montefalco” (PG) and consisted in<br />

collecting data during the period from 2007 to 2010 (for<br />

Grechetto only in 2007, 2009 and 2010). In the vineyards which<br />

are located on a plain, a spurred cordon system was applied, the<br />

rows were north-south orientated and cover cropping was made<br />

on soil. For each year the main vegetative–productive and<br />

analytical parameters, as well as the polyphenolic content of<br />

grapes, have been observed; for each thesis of 2010 the curves of<br />

technological and polyphenolical ripening were identified, with<br />

the aim to better understand the course of those components,<br />

because they may cause oxidation in wines, above all in the white<br />

ones, leading to browning and aroma losses.<br />

From the years' average resulted that in Grechetto the not-<br />

defoliated vines had the highest average cluster weight with a<br />

medium sugar content, a good level of acidity and the lowest pH.<br />

It could be further seen that in 2010 in Grechetto the notdefoliated<br />

vines recorded the highest quantity of malic acid<br />

together with the west-defoliated ones; from a polyphenolical<br />

mg/kg<br />

3000<br />

2000<br />

1000<br />

0<br />

Cab. Sau. P. Verdot L.<br />

Salamino<br />

Syrah<br />

Extr. skin pfl (mg/kg) 2008 Extr. skin pfl (mg/kg) 2010<br />

Extr. seed pfl (mg/kg) 2008 Eztr. seed pfl (mg/kg) 2010<br />

point of view, west defoliation maintains a constant percentage of<br />

polyphenols in skins during the three years of observation, even<br />

if sometimes the quantities are low. Sauvignon with east<br />

defoliation shows a good sugar and acidity level, maintaining a<br />

medium–low pH; in addition east defoliation leads to a reduced<br />

percentage of polyphenols in skins in 2008 and 2010, whereas the<br />

control test presents in every year medium–low levels of all the<br />

analytical parameters.<br />

INTRODUCTION<br />

Times and effects of leaf removal: generally, this<br />

operation is made between flowering and veraison with the<br />

primary purpose of improving the lighting and the aeration<br />

of grapes (Poni, 2006). In practice, leaf removal can be<br />

also made before vintage, facilitating ripening, improving<br />

plant resistance to pests and accelerating harvesting<br />

(Valenti, 1997); many studies have demonstrated that early<br />

defoliation can lead to a reduction of sugars, an increase of<br />

acidity (Eynard and Dalmasso, 1993) and, further, to a<br />

drop of fruits and a reduction of bud fertility (Candolfi-<br />

Vasconcelos and Koblet, 1990). Some studies (Eberle and<br />

Persano, 2006) have shown that premature loss of leaves<br />

reduces the phenomenon of burns, because the plant is able<br />

to react by growing out new leaves from secondary shoots,<br />

creating a kind of covering, though only partially.<br />

Last update Sept. 9 th <strong>2011</strong>


The benefits of defoliation can be directly seen on<br />

grape composition: increase of sugars, colour, quantity of<br />

total polyphenols, higher aromaticity, reduction of total<br />

acidity (caused by a reduction of malic and tartaric acids)<br />

(Lakso and Kliewer, 1975; Percival et al., 1994) and<br />

increase in pH (Guidoni et al., 2005); generally, there is a<br />

qualitative and quantitative increase of production<br />

(Valenti, 1997; Cargnello, 1992; Poni, 2003). It is however<br />

necessary to consider the depth of canopy because<br />

defoliation applied on not very deep walls, reduces the<br />

photosynthetic activity and can also cause a deterioration<br />

of grape quality (Reynolds et al., 1994; Spayd et al.,<br />

2002).<br />

Main effects of defoliation on the bio-synthesis of<br />

polyphenolic and aromatic components: leaf removal<br />

increases the polyphenolical content, because it improves<br />

their biosynthesis which is optimal at temperatures<br />

between 20-30 °C; temperatures higher than 37 °C lead to<br />

an inhibition of anthocyanins synthesis encouraging also<br />

the degradation of the polyphenols (Bergqvist et al., 2001;<br />

Spayd et al., 2002; Mori et al., 2007). Further, light has an<br />

important role for the synthesis of carotenoids whose<br />

content is relevant for the complexity of the aromatic<br />

profile of a large number of vine grape varieties (Wirth et<br />

al., 2001; Strauss et al., 1987; Winterhalter et al., 1990).<br />

Main actions of grape's polyphenol content and<br />

effects on vine: polyphenol components are very important<br />

for the plant because they have a protective function<br />

against UV radiation limiting the formation of free<br />

radicals. In wine, and above all in white wines, these<br />

polyphenolic components can have a negative effect,<br />

because they are highly reactive with oxygen; they oxidize<br />

themselves and other components of wine (i.e. the<br />

aromatic molecules…); the consequence is the creation of<br />

brown compounds not desired in wines and whose reaction<br />

can be faster with the catalytic activity of Fe ++ and Cu + .<br />

The oxidation easiness depends on the nature of the phenol<br />

base unit (i.e. musts rich of catechin oxidize easier…). In<br />

wines, polyphenols are in general compounds which give<br />

structure and complexity (Riberau-Gayon et al., 2005).<br />

MATERIAL AND METHODS<br />

The trial was carried out in the vineyard “Arnaldo<br />

Caprai” (PG) in the years 2007-2010: for the Sauvignon<br />

blanc, data were collected during the entire period,<br />

whereas for the Grechetto, no data were collected for 2008<br />

because of sanitary problems. When clusters reached 10%<br />

of coloured berries, for both cultivars, defoliation was<br />

carried out manually and only along the cluster belt. Thesis<br />

were conducted in the following way: control test (not<br />

Last update Sept. 9 th <strong>2011</strong>


Notes<br />

TECHNICAL TOURS<br />

<strong>17th</strong> INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM <strong>GiESCO</strong> <strong>2011</strong><br />

Group of <strong>International</strong> Experts of Vitivinicultural Systems for CoOperation<br />

Asti – Alba, Italy<br />

August 29 th – September 2 nd , <strong>2011</strong><br />

Technical tours are scheduled for Tuesday August 30 th , from 2.30 to 6.30 pm<br />

Bus departure and arrival point will be the Fabrizio de André Area parking.<br />

Delegate groups will visit primary estates in four prestigious Piedmont area:<br />

LANGHE (30 km) visit to Barbaresco and Neive (CN), some producers of Barbaresco, Barbera, Dolcetto and<br />

Arneis<br />

MONFERRATO (13 km) visit to Castello del Poggio at Portacomaro (AT), producer of Mostato d’Asti, Barbera d’Asti,<br />

Dolcetto and Brachetto<br />

GHEMME (110 km) visit to Antichi Vigneti Cantalupo at Ghemme (NO), producer of Ghemme DOCG from<br />

Nebbiolo (Spanna) and other red and white wines from local varieties<br />

CANAVESE (110 km) area of production of still, dessert and sparkling wine from the variety Erbaluce. Winery to<br />

be defined.<br />

Accompanying people are welcome to joint their relatives for the technical tours.<br />

Participants who have not yet expressed their destination preference in the registration form are asked to communicate<br />

it at the reception desk on August 29 th . Places are limited.<br />

TOURS FOR ACCOMPANYING PEOPLE<br />

Monday Aug 29 th - MONFERRATO<br />

The group will be accompanied by an English speaking guide through some of the most relevant Romanesque examples<br />

of the Monferrato region: Pieve di San Secondo in Cortazzone, Abbazia di Vezzolano, Cocconato (with shopping stop at<br />

Combipel factory), Pieve di San Lorenzo at Montiglio Monferrato.<br />

The bus tour leaves from Fabrizio de André Area at 9.30 am and ends at 6 pm (drop off at the respective hotel on<br />

request). Lunch, tips and entry fees not included.<br />

Tuesday Aug 30 th – HISTORICAL CENTER OF ASTI<br />

Walking tour of historical and artistic places of the city of Asti (Collegiata San Secondo, Palazzo Comunale, Palazzo<br />

Podestà, torre Troyana e Comentina, Cattedrale), accompanied by an English speaking professional guide. The group will<br />

leave Fabrizio de André Area at 9.30 am and will be back at the conference venue at 1 pm, on time to participate the<br />

delegate lunch buffet. Accompanying people are welcome to joint technical tours in the afternoon.<br />

Wednesday Aug 31 st – TORINO and VENARIA REALE<br />

Visit to the historical center of the first Italia capitol (Piazza Castello, Palazzo Reale, San Lorenzo, San Giovanni, Palazzo<br />

Carignano, Piazza San Carlo) and to the royal residence Venaria (reggia, gardens, old town). The bus with the English<br />

speaking guide will leave Fabrizio de André Area at 8.30 am to be back at the hotels around 6 pm. Lunch, tips and entry<br />

fees not included.<br />

Thursday Sep 1 st - ALBA<br />

While the symposium goes on at Fondazione Ferrero, the accompanying people can visit the city of Alba during the<br />

morning and move by bus to some characteristic towns of the surroundings (Barolo, La Morra, Grinzane Cavour) in the<br />

afternoon. The group will reach Alba in the early morning by bus together with the delegates, then will leave Fondazione<br />

Ferrero at 9.30 am to be back at the conference venue at 5.30 pm, on time to joint the delegates for the visit and dinner<br />

at Fontanafredda. Lunch, tips and entry fees not included.

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