Prescription Drugs

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Prescription Drugs

Prescription Drugs

By Karin, Serena, and Jenny


Definition

Prescription drugs: they are medication

prescribed for a specific problem


Recreational use of prescription

drugs:

● It is a serious problem among teens and

young adults.

● Studies show teens are more likely to use

a prescription drugs opposed to illegal

drugs

● Many teens justify abusing drugs by

saying they are just 'self-medicating'

Prescription drugs are riskier than using

illegal drugs


Types of prescription drugs:

● Depressants-slow the brain functions

● Opioids and morphine derivatives-

painkillers

● Stimulants- used to increase energy,

increased blood pressure, and heart

pressure

● Anti-depressants- drugs that handle

depression


Depressants

Brand names:

● Xanax

● Valium

● Halcion

short term effects:

● confusion

● dizziness

● fever

● depression

● addiction

street names:

● candy

● clowners

● sleeping pills

long term effects:

● chronic fatigue

● sleeping problems

● cravings

● anxiety


Rohypnol

users crush it to inject, drink, or smoke it

with marijuana

brand name:

Rohypnol

Effects:

- memory disabilities

-paralysing

street names:

- forget me pills

-mexican valium

-Rz

-Roche

-Roofies


Opioids and morphine derivatives

Brand names:

● Fiorinal and codeine

● Robitussin A-C

● Tylenol with codeine

● Diacid

long term effects:

● insomnia

● cold flashes

● vomiting

Street names:

● Captain Cody

● cody

● loads

● juice


Stimulants

Brand names:

● Ritalin

● Concerta

● Dexedrine

Short term effects:

● exhaustion

● apathy

● depression

Street names:

● R- ball

● Skippy

● JiF

● Speed

Long term effects:

● feeling of hostility or paranoia

● high body temperature

● irregular heart beat


Antidepressants

- studies find that 14% of young people

taking antidepressants become violent

Brand names:

● Prozac

● Zoloft

● Celexa

Effects:

● insomnia

● irritability

● violent thoughts


Ketamine- anesthetic

Brand names:

● Ketaset

● Ketalar

● Ketalar SV

Street names:

● Special K

● K

● Super C


Over-the-Counter

-can be obtained without a prescription

Brand names:

● Coriciclin

● Robitussin

Effects:

● hallucinations

● insomnia

Street names:

● DXM

● CCM or Triple C


Stats

Everyday in the US:

● 25,000 youths abuse prescription pain relievers for the

first time

● most prevalent in the US, Europe, South Asia and

Africa

● in 2006, 206 million people abused prescription drugs

● 2007 in the US 3.3% of 12-17 yr. olds and 6% of 17-25

yr. olds abused prescription drugs

● prescription drugs cause the largest % of deaths from

overdose


cont.

● In 2005, 4.4% of teens admitted to taking prescription

painkillers

● 2.3 million teens took stimulants

● 2.2 million teens abused over-the-counter drugs

Cause of deaths:

45% - prescription

39% - street drugs (combined- amphetamine,

methamphetamine, heroin, and cocaine)


cont.

● in a survey, 50% of teen thought that prescription

drugs were safer than illegal drugs

● 60-70% say that their home medicine cabinets are their

source of drugs

People take them to:

● fit in

● relieve boredom

● be rebellious

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