The Eco-Innovation Challenge

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The Eco-Innovation Challenge

74

Professional, scientific

and technical activities

Financial and

insurance activities

Information

and communication

While new Member

States report widely

about the lack

of expertise, also

leading nations like

Denmark and Finland

feel a need to attract

world class foreign

specialists to keep their

leading positions.

Transportation

and storage

Figure 6.7

Eco-innovation drivers in sectors according to CIS2008

EXISTING AND ESPECTED ENVIRONMENTAL

REGULATIONS OR TAXES

Wholesale and

retail trade; repair of

motor vehicles and

motorcycles

50 %

40 %

30 %

20 %

10 %

0 %

Industry

(except construction)

Mining and quarrying

Construction

Services of

the business economy

VOLUNTARY CODES OR AGREEMENTS

FOR ENVIRONMENTAL GOOD PRACTICE

50 %

40 %

30 %

20 %

10 %

0 %

Manufacturing

Electricity, gas, steam

and air conditioning

supply

Water supply;

sewerage, waste

management and

remediation activities

AVAILABILITY OF GOVERNMENT GRANTS,

SUBSIDIES AND OTHER FINANCIAL INCENTIVES

CURRENT OR EXPECTED MARKET DEMAND

FROM CUSTOMERS

for environmentally friendly services, is a serious driver of eco-innovation in a few forefront

countries (Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium), as well as in Greece and Romania.

Technical and technological knowledge base

Technological capital is a highly relevant determinant in the majority of EU countries.

Availability of relevant expertise and human capital in research and post R&D project

implementation was mentioned as an important driver for success in the eco-innovation

areas. While new Member States report widely about the lack of expertise, also leading

nations like Denmark and Finland feel a pressing need to attract world class foreign

specialists to keep their leading positions.

50 %

40 %

30 %

20 %

10 %

0 %

50 %

40 %

30 %

20 %

10 %

0 %

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