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Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

ABSTRACT On behalf of

ABSTRACT On behalf of the Fauquier County Department of Parks and Recreation (FCDPR), Dovetail Cultural Resource Group, I Inc. (Dovetail) conducted a Phase I archaeological survey of the 26 acre Rappahannock Landing project area located in Fauquier County, Virginia in July and August 2008. The project area is located along the north bank of the Rappahannock River, approximately 65 feet east of Route 15/29, 260 feet West of James Madison Street (Business Route 29/50), and 260 feet northeast of west Main Street. An easement with the Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) is being placed on the property and as such, the FCDPR requested an archaeological survey be conducted to identify archaeological remains within the defined easement boundaries, especially those that may be related to the Civil War activities in the area. The survey included an examination of the entire 26 acres through surface observation, excavation of shovel test pits and metal detecting. The goals of the work were to determine if any potentially significant archaeological deposits were present within the current project area and to make recommendations for further studies if significant archaeological deposits were identified. Archival research shows that the area is in part of both the first and second Battles of Rappahannock Station and the Battle of Brandy Station. The first battle of Rappahannock Station took place between August 22 and 25, 1862. It was part of a series of minor skirmishes that occurred along the river in this area. It was found that a portion of the original core of the battlefield has been destroyed by residential and commercial development located approximately 0.24 miles northeast of the current project area, though much of the surrounding land has not changed since the time of the battles. Five archaeological sites and five isolated finds were identified during this survey. Site 44FQ0246 is a multi-component site dating to the third quarter of the nineteenth century with an indeterminate prehistoric occupation. This site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP as an individual resource. Site 44FQ0247 is a multi-component site dating to the mid-late nineteenth and the prehistoric period. This site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP as an individual resource. Site 44FQ0248 is a multi-component site dating to the Woodland and mid-nineteenth through early-twentieth century period. This site is recommended Potentially Eligible for the NRHP. Site 44FQ0249 is a multi-component site dating to the mid-late nineteenth century with an indeterminate prehistoric affiliation. This site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP as an individual resource. Site 44FQ0250 represents an indeterminate small lithic scatter. This site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP as an individual resource. In addition, the project area is located within the boundaries of three battlefields and one battlefield Park: the Battle Rappahannock Station I (023-5049), Rappahannock Station II Battlefield (023-5050), Brandy Station Battlefield (023-5055), and the Rappahannock Station Battlefield Park (030-5504). All four resources appear to retain the characteristics that render them eligible for the NRHP. In addition, sites 44FQ0246 and 44FQ0247 are recommended as contributing elements to these resources due to their possible affiliation with Civil War activities. i

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