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Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Photo 14: View of House

Photo 14: View of House Associated with Site 44FQ0249, Facing Southwest. N IF2 Key: = Positive Shovel Test L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z =Negative Shovel Test = Shovel Test Not Excavated 0 50 100 200 300 Scale (ft) IF5 44FQ0249 52 AA BB CC DD EE FF GG Figure 28: Base Map of Site 4FQ44FQ0249. 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 99

0 3 in. 6 in. 9 in. 12 in. I II * Unexcavated BB3 53 I = 7.5YR 4/3 brown, silt loam. II = 7.5YR 5/6 strong brown, silt clay. * Level I = A-Horizon Figure 29: Representative Shovel Test Profile from Site 44FQ0249. The artifact assemblage includes a total of 72 artifacts, of which 67 were historic and 5 were prehistoric (Table 4, p. 54). It is likely that this site is associated with the historic occupation of the house located immediately to the north and west given that the home was likely constructed in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The majority of artifacts recovered, 40 percent, were architectural (n=29). This includes 4 cut nails (1840–1890), 17 wire nails (1890–present), and 8 post-Industrial window glass fragments all of which are likely related to the occupation of the house. However, some of the materials recovered a greater distance from the home may be related to nearby fences and sheds. Bottle and container glass (n=21) were also found throughout the site, comprising nearly 30 percent of the artifacts recovered. Ceramics (n=9) recovered include six whiteware (1820–1900), one porcelain, one porcellaneous (1820–present), and one Ginger beer bottle fragment (1835–1900). Animal bone (n=6) and one metal ball bearing were also found. A Civil War-era bullet, which has been modified into a fishing weight, was recovered immediately behind the house. It is not uncommon to find bullets whittled as the lead was very malleable. Its modification into a fishing weight and the proximity to a water source makes a convincing argument that a soldier intended to use this item and was not just modified to pass the time. In addition to the historic artifacts, a light lithic scatter was recorded which contained 2 quartz angular debris, 1 greenstone primary flake, and 1 quartzite and 1 chert secondary flake were found within the site.

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