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Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

17% (n=1) 17% (n=1) 17%

17% (n=1) 17% (n=1) 17% (n=1) 58 17% (n=1) 32% (n=2) Primary Flake Secondary Flake Tertiary Flake Angular Debris Cut Nail Figure 33: Artifacts Recovered from Site 44FQ0250. Due to the small sample size of this assemblage, it is difficult to make any conclusive statements about this site. However, all stages of reduction were represented in this collection, which is interesting for the small size of the collection. The presence of angular debris may indicate the use of an expedient reduction technology. It is likely that this site represents a small resource procurement and processing location. Evaluation and Significance The significance of site 44FQ0250 was evaluated in relation to the NRHP eligibility criteria. The site was evaluated in regards to Criterion A, for its association with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history; Criterion B, for its association with people significant in our nation’s history; Criterion C, for its embodiment of the distinctive characteristics of a style; and Criterion D, for its potential to yield information important in history and prehistory. Because of the limited quantity of artifacts recovered from this location and disturbances from the gravel driveway this site does not have the potential to provide significant information on domestic life and/or settlement patterns in the Piedmont of Virginia (Criterion D). There is no association with a significant historical event or pattern of events (Criterion A). There are no associations with significant persons (Criterion B), and the deposits do not illustrate the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction (Criterion C). As such, this site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP under Criteria A, B, C, or D as an individual resource. No further work is recommended.

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS On behalf of the FCDPR, Dovetail conducted a Phase I archaeological survey of the 26 acre Rappahannock Landing project area located in Fauquier County, Virginia in July and August 2008. The project area is located along the north bank of the Rappahannock River, approximately 65 feet east of Route 15/29, 260 feet west of James Madison Street (Business Route 29/50), and 260 feet northeast of west Main Street. An easement with the DHR is being placed on the property and as such, the FCDPR requested an archaeological survey be conducted to investigate for any archaeological remains within the defined easement boundaries, especially those that may be related to the Civil War activities in the area. The survey included an examination of the entire 26 acres through surface observation, excavation of shovel test pits and metal detecting. The goals of the work were to determine if any potentially significant archaeological deposits were present within the current project area and to make recommendations for further studies if archaeological deposits were identified. Archival research shows that the area is part of both the first and second Battles of Rappahannock Station. The first battle took place between August 22 and 25, 1862. It was part of a series of minor skirmishes that occurred along the river in this area. The second battle, on November 7, 1863, resulted in a major Confederate defeat. During the research, it was found that most of the original core of the battlefield has been destroyed by residential and commercial development, though much of the surrounding land has not changed since the time of the battles. Five archaeological sites and five isolated finds were identified during this survey (Table 5, p. 60). Site 44FQ0246 is a multi-component site dating to the third quarter of the nineteenth century with an indeterminate prehistoric occupation. This site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP as an individual resource. No further work is recommended. Site 44FQ0247 is a multi-component site representing a mid-late nineteenth century historic site possibly affiliated with the Civil War occupation of the area and a prehistoric site with an indeterminate temporal affiliation. This site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP as an individual resource. No further work is recommended. Site 44FQ0248 is a multi-component site dating to the Woodland period with a domestic historic affiliation dating from the mid-nineteenth through early-twentieth century. This site is recommended Potentially Eligible for the NRHP. If this site cannot be avoided, a Phase II level evaluation is recommended. Site 44FQ0249 is a multi-component site dating to the mid-late nineteenth century with an indeterminate prehistoric affiliation and is located in the southern portion of the project area adjacent to the standing dwelling. This site is recommended Not Eligible for the NRHP as an individual resource. No further work is recommended. 59

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