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Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Table of Contents

Table of Contents ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................................ ii INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 1 PROJECT DESCRIPTION ................................................................................................. 2 ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING ........................................................................................ 5 Geology ........................................................................................................................... 5 Soils................................................................................................................................. 5 HISTORIC CONTEXT ...................................................................................................... 9 Prehistoric Periods .......................................................................................................... 9 Paleoindian Period (13,000–10,000 B.P.) ................................................................... 9 Archaic Period (10,000–3200 B.P.) ............................................................................ 9 Woodland Period (3200–400 B.P.) ........................................................................... 11 Contact Period ........................................................................................................... 12 Historic Period .............................................................................................................. 12 Contact Period and the Seventeenth Century ............................................................ 12 The Eighteenth Century ............................................................................................ 13 The Nineteenth Century ............................................................................................ 13 Civil War and the Battle of Rappahannock Station .................................................. 14 Reconstruction and Into the Twentieth Century ....................................................... 22 SURVEY METHODOLOGY ......................................................................................... 23 Archival/Historical Research ........................................................................................ 23 Archaeological Fieldwork ............................................................................................. 23 Laboratory Methodology .............................................................................................. 24 BACKGROUND RESEARCH ........................................................................................ 25 Civil War Sites Advisory Commission ......................................................................... 25 Previous Surveys and Previous-Recorded Properties Near Project Area ..................... 25 RESULTS OF FIELDWORK........................................................................................... 31 Metal Detector Survey and Isolated Finds .................................................................... 31 Site 44FQ0246 .............................................................................................................. 33 Site Description ......................................................................................................... 33 Site 44FQ0247 .............................................................................................................. 39 Site Description ......................................................................................................... 39 Site 44FQ0248 .............................................................................................................. 43 Site Description ......................................................................................................... 43 Site 44FQ0249 .............................................................................................................. 50 Site Description ......................................................................................................... 50 Site 44FQ0250 .............................................................................................................. 55 Site Description ......................................................................................................... 55 SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS................................................................... 59 REFERENCES ................................................................................................................. 61 APPENDIX A: SHOVEL TEST RECORD ..................................................................... 69 APPENDIX B: ARTIFACT CATALOG ....................................................................... 103 APPENDIX C: DATA SHARING SYSTEM FORMS .................................................. 111 iii

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