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Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

List of Figures Figure

List of Figures Figure 1: Map of Virginia and Fauquier County. ............................................................... 1 Figure 2: Aerial of Project Area with the Easement Boundaries in Teal ............................ 2 Figure 3: Location of the Project Area on the 1984 USGS 7.5 Minute Remington Topographic Quadrangle. ........................................................................................... 7 Figure 4: Map of the State of Virginia. ............................................................................. 14 Figure 5: Burning the Rappahannock Railway Bridge, Oct. 13th 1863. .......................... 15 Figure 6: Map of Culpeper County with parts of Madison, Rappahannock, and Fauquier counties, Virginia 1863. ............................................................................................ 17 Figure 7: Map of Culpeper County and parts of the counties of Warren, Rappahannock, Madison, Orange, and Fauquier (1863). ................................................................... 18 Figure 8: A map of Fauquier Co. Virginia. ....................................................................... 18 Figure 9: The War in Virginia- Battle of Rappahannock Station November 7, 1863. ..... 19 Figure 10: Rappahannock Station, Va. Federal encampment near Railroad. ................... 20 Figure 11: The camp barber--taking a shave, Rappahannock Station, Virginia. .............. 21 Figure 12: Rappahannock Station, Virginia, Officers of 50th New York Engineers, 1864. ................................................................................................................................... 21 Figure 13: Base Map of Archaeological Testing within Project Area. ............................. 32 Figure 14: Location of Site 44FQ0246 on the 1991 USGS Remington, VA 7.5 Minute Quadrangle. ............................................................................................................... 34 Figure 15: Base Map of Archaeological Testing at Site 44FQ0246. ................................ 35 Figure 16: Representative Shovel Test Profile from Site 44FQ0246. .............................. 35 Figure 17: Prehistoric Assemblage from Site 44FQ0246. ................................................ 37 Figure 18: Location of Site 44FQ0247 on the 1984 Remington USGS 7.5 Minute Topographic Quadrangle (USGS 1984).................................................................... 39 Figure 19: Base Map of Site 44FQ0247. .......................................................................... 41 Figure 20: Representative Shovel Test Profile from Site 44FQ0247. .............................. 41 Figure 21: Location of Site 44FQ0248 on the 1984 Remington USGS 7.5 Minute Topographic Quadrangle. ......................................................................................... 44 Figure 22: Base Map of Site 44FQ0248. .......................................................................... 46 Figure 23: Representative Shovel Test Profile from Site 44FQ0248. .............................. 46 Figure 24: Historic Artifact Assemblage from Site 44FQ0248. ....................................... 47 Figure 25: Prehistoric Artifact Assemblage from Site 44FQ0248. ................................... 48 Figure 26: Lithic Analysis of Site 44FQ0248. .................................................................. 49 Figure 27: Location of Site 44FQ0249 on the 1994 USGS Remington, VA 7.5 Minute Quadrangle. ............................................................................................................... 51 Figure 28: Base Map of Site 4FQ44FQ0249. ................................................................... 52 Figure 29: Representative Shovel Test Profile from Site 44FQ0249. .............................. 53 Figure 30: Location of Site 44FQ0250 on the 1994 USGS Remington, VA 7.5 Minute Quadrangle. ............................................................................................................... 56 Figure 31: Base Map of Site 44FQ0250. .......................................................................... 57 Figure 32: Representative Shovel Test Profile from Site 44FQ0250. .............................. 57 Figure 33: Artifacts Recovered from Site 44FQ0250. ...................................................... 58 iv

List of Tables Table 1: Previously Identified Archaeological Sites Within a 1-Mile Radius of the Project Area. ............................................................................................................. 26 Table 2: Previously Identified Architectural Resources Within a 1-Mile Radius of the Project Area. ............................................................................................................. 27 Table 3: Types and Counts of Historic Artifacts Recovered From 44FQ0246. ............... 36 Table 4: Artifacts Recovered at Site 44FQ0249. .............................................................. 54 Table 5: Summary of Eligibility Recommendations. ....................................................... 60 List of Photos Photo 1: View of Central Portion of Project Area, Facing East. ........................................ 3 Photo 2: View of Eastern Portion of Project Area, Facing East. ........................................ 3 Photo 3: View of Southernmost Portion of Project Area by Rappahannock River, Facing Southwest. ................................................................................................................... 4 Photo 4: View of Southern Portion of Project Area, Facing South. ................................... 4 Photo 5: View of Site 44FQ0246, Facing West. Site boundaries outlined in pink........... 34 Photo 6: Sample of Artifacts Recovered From Site 44FQ0246. From left: 2 3-ring bullets, cut nail, stoneware, clear bottle neck, and green bottle glass. .................................. 36 Photo 7: Overview of the Site 44FQ0247, Facing Northeast. .......................................... 40 Photo 8: Overview of Site 44FQ0247, Facing East. ......................................................... 40 Photo 9: Sample of Artifacts Recovered from Site 44FQ0247. From left: horseshoe, cut nail, 3 3-ring bullets, and 1 quartz biface. ................................................................. 42 Photo 10: Overview of Site 44FQ0248 (recently brush-hogged), Facing Southwest....... 45 Photo 11: Overview of Site 44FQ0248, Facing Southeast. .............................................. 45 Photo 12: Two Types of Native American Pottery Recovered from Site 44FQ0248. ..... 49 Photo 13: View of Site 44FQ0249, Facing East. .............................................................. 51 Photo 14: View of House Associated with Site 44FQ0249, Facing Southwest. .............. 52 Photo 15: Sample of Artifacts Recovered From Site 44FQ0249. From left: whiteware fragment, cut nail, modified bullet, and ginger beer bottle fragment. ...................... 54 Photo 16: View of Site 44FQ0250, Facing North............................................................. 56 v

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