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Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Physiographic Province:

Physiographic Province: Piedmont Drainage: Rappahannock River Landform: knoll Aspect: Facing north Elevation: 300.00 Slope: 0-2% Site Soils: Penn silt loam, eroded rolling phase and Penn shaly sil loam eroded hilly phase Adjacent Soils: Penn silt loam undulating phase Nearest Water Source: Rappahannock River Distance:725 INDIVIDUAL/ORGANIZATION/AGENCY INFORMATION Individual Category Codes: Honorif: First: Last: Suffix: Title: Company/Agency: Address: City: State: Zip: Phone/Ext: Notes: Ownership type: Private Gov't Agency: SITE CHARACTERISTICS Site Dimensions: 175 feet by 300 feet Acreage: 1.21 Survey Strategy: Historic Map Projection Informant Observation Subsurface Testing Site Condition: Unknown Portion of Site Destroyed Site Condition Unknown Survey Description: Site 44FQ0224 was recorded during a phase I survey that included a pedestrian reconnaissance, subsurface testing, and a metal detector survey. Subsurface investigation comprised the excavation of 24 STPs and the excavation of several metal detector hits. Based on the survey results, the site is located in an open field and on the top and eastern edge of a small knoll. This site measures approximately 91.44 meters (300 feet) southeast/northwest by 53.34 meters (175 feet) north-south and comprises approximately 0.49 hectare (1.205acres). The site is bound by negative shovel tests on the north, south, east and west. The stratigraphy of Site 44FQ0224 is generally consistent and relatively shallow. STPs excavated in this area showed an A- Horizon of an orange brown silty loam extending approximately 10.16 cm to 22.86 cm (4 to 9 inches). The large majority of the artifacts were recovered from this layer. A B-horizon of strong brown clay or silt clay was encountered below the A-horizon. No artifacts were recovered within this layer. 73

The significance of site 44FQ0224 was evaluated in relation to the NRHP eligibility criteria. The site was evaluated in regards to Criterion A, for its association with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history; Criterion B, for its association with people significant in our nation’s history; Criterion C, for its embodiment of the distinctive characteristics of a style; and Criterion D, for its potential to yield information important in history. Due to the relatively high quantity of cultural material recovered and the evidence for a potential structure, this site does exhibit the potential to yield significant information on military/defense, domestic life, subsistence/agriculture and/or settlement patterns in the Upper Piedmont during the Antebellum Period (1830-1860), the Civil War Period (1861-1865), the Reconstruction and Growth Period (1865-1917), the World War I to World War II Period (1917- 1945), or the New Dominion Period (1945 to present) (NRHP Criterion D). There are significant associations between these deposits and a significant historical event or pattern of events, the Battle of Rappahannock Station (Criterion A), but not significant persons (Criterion B), and the deposits do not illustrate the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction (Criterion C). As such, this site is recommended potentially eligible for the NRHP under Criterion A and D. It is suggested that additional archaeological work in the form of test units be completed at the site to examine the integrity of the subsurface deposits and determine the site’s NRHP eligibility potential. CURRENT LAND USE CURRENT LAND USE # 1 Land Use: Military/Defense Dates of Use: 1863/11/07 Example: Battlefield Comments/Remarks: The Battle of Rappahannock Station CURRENT LAND USE # 2 Land Use: Subsistence/Agriculture Dates of Use: 2005/01/01 Example: Farmstead Comments/Remarks: SPECIMENS, FIELDNOTES, DEPOSITORIES Specimens Obtained? Yes Specimens Depository: Dovetail Cultural Resource Group Assemblage Description: A total of 78 artifacts was recovered from eleven STPs and three metal detector hits within the site boundary. Some of these artifacts include one porcelain wire insulator fragment (1880–1950), four lime soda container glass fragments (1860–1900), two clear container glass fragments (post-1850), three machine cut nail fragments (1815–1890), one 58caliber Yankee bullet, one copper-plated furniture finial fragment, one amber bottle glass fragment (1860–present), two hand wrought spikes (pre-1900), one eschucion plate fragment, rusted cast iron fragment, hand-made brick bats, and one square nut. Specimens Reported? Yes Assemblage description--reported: same. In addition, several individuals who have been excavating at the site (relic hunters) reported that they have collected an abundance of Civil War buttons, bullets, buckles, etc. from the general Remington area for years. Field Notes Reported? Yes Depository: Dovetail Cultural Resource Group CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT EVENTS Date: 2006/05/29 Cultural Resource Management Event: Phase I Survey Organization or Person First Last Kerry Schamel 74

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