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Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

Rappahannock Landing Archaeological Survey ... - Fauquier County

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First: Last: Suffix: Title: Company/Agency: Address: City: State: Zip: Phone/Ext: Notes: Ownership type: Private Gov't Agency: SITE CHARACTERISTICS Site Dimensions: 175 feet by 150 feet Acreage: 0.06 Survey Strategy: Historic Map Projection Informant Observation Subsurface Testing Site Condition: 75-99% of Site Destroyed Survey Description: Site 44FQ0225 was recorded during a phase I survey that included a pedestrian reconnaissance, subsurface testing, and a metal detector survey. Subsurface investigation comprised the excavation of 19 STPs and the excavation of several metal detector hits. Based on the survey results, the site is located in the open field in the central portion of the project area. This site measures approximately 45.72 meters (150 feet) east-west by 53.34 meters (175 feet) north-south and comprises approximately 0.24 hectares (.60 acres). The site is bound by negative shovel tests on the north, south, east and west. Site 44FQ0225 is situated on the secondary terrace of the Rappahannock River approximately 45.72 meters (150 feet) south of the northern boundary of the project area. The field in which the site is located is partially bisected northsouth by a tree line. The stratigraphy of Site 44FQ0225 is generally consistent and relatively moderately-deep to deep. Most of the shovel tests were excavated to approximately 0.33 meters (1.1 feet). STPs excavated in this area showed an A-horizon (plow-zone) of light brown to brown silty clay loam extending approximately 27.94 to 45.72 cm (11 to 18 inches). In this layer archaeologists encountered all of the artifacts. A B-horizon of red clay or silt clay was encountered below the A-horizon. No artifacts were recovered within this layer. The significance of site 44FQ0225 was evaluated in relation to the NRHP eligibility criteria. The site was evaluated in regards to Criterion A, for its association with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history; Criterion B, for its association with people significant in our nation’s history; Criterion C, for its embodiment of the distinctive characteristics of a style; and Criterion D, for its potential to yield information important in history. Although materials that date to the Battle of Rappahannock Station are present, there is a general paucity of physical remains from the site and other evidence of Civil War activity. This could be due to repeated looting by Civil War relic hunters or because of the extremely short-term occupation of the knoll during the battle. Because of the limited amount of cultural material recovered and the lack of subsurface cultural features, this site does not exhibit the potential to yield significant information on military/defense, domestic life, or subsistence/agriculture in the Upper Piedmont during the Antebellum Period (1830-1860), the Civil War Period (1861-1865), the Reconstruction and Growth Period (1865- 1917), the World War I to World War II Period (1917-1945), or the New Dominion Period (1945 to present) (NRHP Criterion D). 77

There is no significant association between these deposits and significant persons (Criterion B), nor do the deposits illustrate the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction (Criterion C). Although the site is located within the boundaries of the Rappahannock Station Battlefield, the deposits do not have the potential to represent the significant attributes of the battle or present new information on battle activities or military occupation (Criterion A). Because the site does not reflect attributes that would make it significant under Criteria A–D, this site is recommended as Not Eligible for the NRHP. No further work is suggested at this site. CURRENT LAND USE CURRENT LAND USE # 1 Land Use: Military/Defense Dates of Use: 1863/11/07 Example: Battlefield Comments/Remarks: The Battle of Rappahannock Station CURRENT LAND USE # 2 Land Use: Subsistence/Agriculture Dates of Use: 2005/01/01 Example: Farmstead Comments/Remarks: SPECIMENS, FIELDNOTES, DEPOSITORIES Specimens Obtained? Yes Specimens Depository: Dovetail Cultural Resource Group Assemblage Description: A total of 9 artifacts was recovered from 6 shovel tests and 1 metal detector hit excavated across the site. All of the artifacts are historic. Artifacts include two green wine bottle glass fragments (pre-1865), one clear container glass fragment (post-1850), one machine cut nail shaft fragment (1815–1890), one machine cut nail head (1840–1890), one whole Colt Pocket model pistol bullet, one unidentified copper fragment, one machine cut nail (1815–1890), and one cast iron kettle rim fragment. Specimens Reported? Yes Assemblage description--reported: same. In addition, several individuals who have been excavating at the site (relic hunters) reported that they have collected an abundance of Civil War buttons, bullets, buckles, etc. from the general Remington area for years. Field Notes Reported? Yes Depository: Dovetail Cultural Resource Group CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT EVENTS Date: 2006/05/30 Cultural Resource Management Event: Phase I Survey Organization or Person First Last Kerry Schamel Id # Associated with Event: CRM Event Notes or Comments: The Phase I survey was completed at the request of the Fauquier County Department of Parks and Recreation. This area will be developed by a private individual within the next year, and the survey was part of the agreement between the county and the individual on the sale of the land. PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION AND DEPOSITORY Sequence Number: 1 78

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