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Emerging animal diseases: from science to policy - Favv

Emerging animal diseases: from science to policy - Favv

Information System,

Information System, compatible with other international information systems such as the OIE “WAHIS-WAHID” system (OIE, 2008b), and capable of providing key information to citizens on the animal health situation in Europe. 34 3.5.3. Identification and traceability Threat prevention and crisis management are aided by surveillance mechanisms such as the EU traceability framework. The framework comprises identification systems, labelling, and TRACES (the Community TRAde Control and Expert System for traceability (EC, 2004). The Commission will aim to create by 2011 a wider, integrated electronic system, with a unified database encompassing all elements of the current system under certification, animal identification, and animal health and welfare status. Based on the results of a feasibility study, the Commission may adopt by 2011 a regulatory proposal for the introduction of bovine electronic identification. 3.5.4. Surveillance at EU external borders Better border biosecurity is particularly important in view of the fact that the EU is the world’s largest importer of food, including animal products. To improve the level of protection, import controls should focus on high risk imports. In 2010, the Commission will adopt a legislative proposal to deliver a better risk-based approach to border inspections and to better target illegal trade. The Commission will also continue efforts to help third countries combat threats to animal health and food safety at the source, by providing them with financial and/or technical assistance on the one hand, and to help them meet EU sanitary standards on the other hand. 3.5.5. Early response systems and vaccine banks When an emergency does occur, the EU’s ability to take fasttrack decisions is of high importance in limiting and controlling animal-related threats at EU level. The EU will continue to improve measures already in place such as its rapid response network, crisis management units and an EU veterinary rapid response team. It will also launch a reflection on how to ensure the reinforcement of the EU antigen and vaccine banks. 3.6 The fourth pillar: science, innovation and research 3.6.1. Current work Science is the basis of the new Animal Health policy and the Commission will continue to use the best available science in developing its animal health measures. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA, 2008) will continue to mobilise and coordinate scientific resources throughout the EU in order to provide the best scientific advice. Based on an external evaluation (2008-2009), the network of Community and national reference laboratories will be further developed, thereby maximising the knowledge and expertise that exists in Europe. 3.6.2. New initiatives The Commission has also welcomed the initiative from Industry to bring together all partners from various sectors including the agricultural sector, governments, veterinarians and international institutions with the creation of the Technological Platform for Global Animal Health (ETPGAH, 2006). The Commission is very confident that this industry driven platform will contribute to the development of better diag-

nostics, vaccines and medicines for the benefit of the whole animal health sector. The Strategic Research Agenda (IFAH, 2006) is a very valuable document as it results from a broad consensus among all stakeholders from academia, research institutions, industry, producers, and decision makers from the EU and also from relevant international organisations. It has important consequences for animal health research and is in line with the Lisbon agenda, which aims to make the EU an important science and technology driven society by 2010. The 7th Research Framework Programme (2007-2013) (EC, 2008) is an important tool in supporting this Strategic Research Agenda for animal health issues. With that in mind, the Commission will work to stimulate scientific innovation and research, and to ensure sufficient funding in this area through public-private partnerships. 3.6.3. Future actions With the support of the European Medicines Agency (EMEA, 2008), the Commission aims to ensure that a suitable framework at Community level provides more incentives to manufacturers to develop new medicines and diagnostic tools. It will review the policy on the use of authorised vaccines within the context of the Animal Health Law. It will also facilitate the change or addition of strains to an existing vaccine authorisation by proposing in 2008 a revision of the Variation Regulations (Regulations 1084/2003 (EC, 2003a) and 1085/2003 (EC, 2003b) and a revision in 2009 of Annex 1 of Directive 2001/82/EC (EC, 2001) on the Community code relating to veterinary medicinal products. Finally, the Commission will provide support for research in third/neighbouring countries (international cooperation), especially for exotic diseases of high relevance or for neglected zoonoses which have had a serious impact on those countries. References ADNS (1984-2007): http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/diseases/ adns/adns_en.htm#leg ADNS (2008): http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/diseases/ adns/previous_table_11_en.htm EC (1982): Council Directive 82/894/EEC of 21 December 1982 on the notification of animal diseases within the Community, OJ L 378, 31.12.1982, p. 58. EC (1989): Council Directive 89/662/EEC of 11 December 1989 concerning veterinary checks in intra-Community trade with a view to the completion of the internal market, OJ L 395, 30.12.1989, p. 13. EC (1990a): Council Directive 90/425/EEC of 26 June 1990 concerning veterinary and zootechnical checks applicable in intra- Community trade in certain live animals and products with a view to the completion of the internal market, OJ L 224, 18.8.1990, p. 29. EC (1990b): Council Decision 90/424/EEC of 26 June 1990 on expenditure in the veterinary field 90/424/EEC, OJ L 224, 18.8.90, p. 19. 35

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