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NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE FOOD CHAIN - Favv

NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE FOOD CHAIN - Favv

104 In this research we

104 In this research we present the development of a cost-effective surface plasmon resonance probe for peanut allergen detection. Upon the gold surface of the optical fibre, a nanostructured biological layer is deposited. This layer is formed as a mixed self-assembled-monolayer, on which the biomolecules are immobilized. In order to improve the detection limit and to deal with variable matrix effects, nanoparticles (NPs) are used to purify and concentrate allergens from different extracts of food samples (e.g. chocolate). The use of NPs as carriers for the allergen proteins, also strongly amplifies the SPR response, and opens the door towards subnanomolar detection limits. References _______________________________________________ Pollet J., Delport F., Janssen K. P. F., Jans K., Maes G., Pfeiffer H., Wevers M. & Lammertyn J. 2009. Fiber optic SPR biosensing of DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions. Biosensors & Bioelectronics 25(4), 864-869.

Towards improved food diagnostics using micro- and nanofluidics Steven Vermeir, Bert Verbruggen, Nicolas Vergauwe, Daan Witters, Yegermal Atalay, Pieter Verboven, Bart Nicolaï & Jeroen Lammertyn BIOSYST-MeBioS, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, W. de Croylaan 42, B-3001, Leuven E-mail: jeroen.lammertyn@biw.kuleuven.be In this abstract, we present ‘lab-on-a-chip’ technology as an innovative analysis platform to execute bioanalytical assays related to food diagnostics. The detection of undesired food constituents in a complex food matrix is a challenging task requiring highly selective and sensitive analytical methods. Within the research field of analytical chemistry, there is a growing tendency to downscale the analysis volume from the µL-scale to the nL-scale (or even lower). At this micro- and nanoscale, special phenomena occur which are studied in the research area of micro- and nanofluidics. Analysis systems with integrated microfluidic channels are often denoted as ‘micro total analysis systems’ (μTAS) or as ‘lab-on-a-chip’ systems. The main idea behind ‘lab-on-achip’ is the implementation, miniaturization and automation of some laboratory operations (e.g., sample preparation, mixing, reaction, separation, detection) on a microchip. It allows conducting cheap and sensitive analyses in a highthroughput context. Besides the practical advantages such as portability and minimal operation cost, miniaturization has the principal advantage of improving the performance of the analytical process. This is due to the compactness and the high surface area to volume ratios of microscopic fluid devices which make them an attractive alternative to conventional analysis systems. Furthermore, it is possible to reduce the molecular diffusion time significantly by handling microvolumes of fluids in small channels in comparison to handling large volumes of reactants in ordinary macro devices. As a consequence, (bio)chemical reactions and analyses are realized in a cheap and sensitive way. Different types of fluid flow can be obtained in these systems and three of them will be discussed on the poster. ‘Continuous microfluidic’ systems deal with continuous fluid flow through microchannels. This continuous flow is achieved 105

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