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NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE FOOD CHAIN - Favv

NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE FOOD CHAIN - Favv

86 nanotechnologies to

86 nanotechnologies to food, feed and pesticides. The main objective of this opinion is to streamline the risk assessment of nanomaterials in food products through a classification of the various types of nanomaterials according to their properties and related risks and to identify which scientific data and test results need to be provided by the applicants to ensure a proper and conclusive scientific assessment. Still, the development of scientific knowledge on the risks related to nanomaterials and for developing tests methods and methodologies to assess these risks is necessary and will need to be maintained in the long run, both at national, EU and international levels. This effort is necessary to ensure that only safe products are put on the market and to keep the pace with the constant development of new generations of nanomaterials. An adapted legal frame In its "Communication on regulatory aspects of nanomaterials", the Commission has reviewed the EU legislation, including on food, to check whether it addressed properly the potential risks of nanotechnologies. This review concluded that the current EU legislative framework covers "in principle" the potential health, safety and environmental risks in relation to nanomaterials but that "current legislation may have to be modified in the light of new information becoming available". As a result of this exercise, the obligation for an EU risk assessment of all substances under nanoform has been introduced in the legislation of food contact materials and additives. Similar provisions are proposed in the ongoing revision of the novel food legislation. Further, to ensure a harmonised implemention of the EU requirements across various sectoral legislations, the term "nanomaterials" needs to be legally defined and in a scientifically solid manner. The Commission has requested the independent Scientific Committee for Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) to provide the necessary elements to be taken into account for elaborating such definition. These will be examined by the Commission to ensure the definition for food applications results in a secure and technically reliable implementation of the EU food legislation.

Building trust Building public trust in the safety and benefits of nanomaterials requires, in particular in the food sector, a clear and open communication between all parties: industry, regulators, scientists and consumers. It depends on several interconnected elements: Clear and easily available information about the nano-products on the market; Understanding of the risk assessment process and of the uncertainty associated with the use of the nanomaterials; Involvement of civil society in policy-making through open dialogue and analysis of the risks and benefits of nanotechnology. Efforts by all players, including mainly industry, to improve transparency on existing and future applications of nanotechnologies in food products or food contact materials are also necessary. The Commission will collect information on the current and future uses in different sectors, in close cooperation with Member States, the industries concerned and other stakeholders. The Commission also organizes among other initiatives, the annual "Nano Safety for Success Dialogue" to share information and views between all interested parties. Only transparency as well as clear and readily understandable information will help building trust for policy makers and consumers, which will ultimately contribute to the safe and responsible development of nanotechnologies in the food and other sectors. References _______________________________________________ EC – European Commission. 2009. Communication: "Nanosciences and nanotechnologies: an action plan for Europe 2005-2009". Second implementation report 2007-2009, 29 October 2009. EC – European Commission. 2008. Communication: "Regulatory aspects of nanomaterials", COM (2008) 366 final of 17 June 2008. 87

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