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The Dialectics of Arms Control Norms and ... - Stockholm 2010

The Dialectics of Arms Control Norms and ... - Stockholm 2010

The Dialectics of Arms Control Norms and ... - Stockholm

Giorgio Franceschini / Elvira Rosert The Dialectics of Arms Control Norms and Technological Progress: Theoretical Reflections and Empirical Illustrations Paper prepared for the panel “Arms control as a condition for or as a result of security ?” SGIR 7th Pan-­‐European International Relations Conference: September 9-­‐11, 2010. (-­‐First draft – thank you for not quoting without our permission-­‐) ABSTRACT This paper discusses the interplay between arms control and technological progress. According to the dominant conception of this relationship, technological progress translates into armament dynamics, which in turn is sometimes regulated by arms control agreements – thus, arms control is understood as a reactive measure. Pointing to a so far neglected effect of arms control, we reverse the mainstream assumption and suggest that arms control is not only trying to halt technological development, but also may trigger it. Two examples of multilateral arms control – the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and the Anti-­‐Personnel Landmines Convention – are used to empirically illustrate the argument. In our concluding remarks, we discuss the implications of the findings for the practice of arms control. Giorgio Franceschini Peace Research Institute Frankfurt Program Area: Policies for Security Governance of States Baseler Straße 27-­‐31 60329 Frankfurt am Main Germany Phone: ++49-­‐(0)69-­‐959104-­‐0 E-­‐mail: franceschini@hsfk.de Elvira Rosert Goethe University Frankfurt Institute for Political Science Robert-­‐Mayer-­‐Straße 5 60054 Frankfurt/Main Germany Phone: ++49-­‐(0)69-­‐798-­‐22049 E-­‐mail: rosert@soz.uni-­‐frankfurt.de

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