Cargo Residues ?
14 October 2010
2. Role of Port Reception Facilities
3. Current practice in Antwerp
4. Looking forward…
The red dots show areas where anoxic
waters are located. Map at
Used with permission of NASA.
* Not so visible as oil or plastic !!
* What is a harmful substance ?
* Salt ? Iron ? Petcokes ?
What does Marpol convention tell us?
* Liquid Annex II
* Bulk Annex V
• Annex II Cat X /Y/Z : 250 substances
• Some 250 substances were evaluated and included in the list
appended to the Convention. The discharge of their residues is
allowed only to reception facilities until certain concentrations and
conditions (which vary with the category of substances) are
• In any case, no discharge of residues containing noxious
substances is permitted within 12 miles of the nearest land. More
stringent restrictions applied to the Baltic and Black Sea areas. x II
Annex V : Garbage / including cargo residues !
“Cargo-associated waste and and cargo residue.”
What is a Cargo Residue ?
“ Remnants of any cargo material on board which
cannot be placed in cargo holds plus spillage
during loading plus spillage after unloading “
News from “de Llyod”
MEPC Committee (London, Oct 2010 )
“ discharge of all garbage is prohibited,
except as expressely provided otherwise”
enforcement date 1 Jan 2014
- Annex V in force December 1988
- Regulation for the prevention of pollution
- Garbage includes all kinds of food,
domestic and operational waste …….
- Amendment to Garbage Record Book in
force on 1 st August 2005 includes:
* Cargo residues
* Position of the ship
Marpol - Annex V current
- Garbage categories in the GRB must
include cargo residues
-Disposal prohibited < 12nm to nearest land
- In a Special Area, cargo residues cannot be
disposed into the sea
- MARPOL requirements are the minimum;
port states may be more stringent
Special Areas !
Adopted Into force In effect
• Mediterranean Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -
• Baltic Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 01 Oct 1989
• Black Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -
• Red Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -
• „Gulfs Area‟ 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -
• North Sea 17 Oct 1989 18 Feb 1991 18 Feb 1991
• Antarctic Area 16 Nov 1990 17 Mar11992 17 Mar 1992
• Caribbean Sea 04 July 1991 04 April 1993 -
+ Gulf of Mexico
Special Areas where the requirements have not taken
effect may be due to the following reasons:
- Lack of adequate reception facilities
- Lack of ratification of the Convention by Coastal States
3. Port Reception facilities
Port Reception Facilities
every port should have adequate facility
Port Authority should facilitate !
Regulation 7 of Annex V states:
• Each party to the Convention undertakes to ensure the
provision of reception facilities at ports and terminals
for the reception of garbage :-
1) Without causing undue delay to ships
2) According to the needs of the ships using them
• Each party to the Convention shall notify the IMO of all
cases where the facilities provided are alleged to be
Port reception facilities
* Role Accept
* Lack of adequate facilities?
Port Reception Facilities in Europe
Adequate Reception Facility ?
Antwerp: Facts and Figures (2009)
Calling Ships Tons (mio)
16 000 157
Tankers 3 000 39
Bulk Carriers 500 17
Calling Ships 16 000
Discharging 4 000
Not discharging 12 000
Antwerp : Cargo Residues
Collected volumes kT
Wash waters Oil Products 40
Wash Waters Chemicals 15
Wash Waters from dry Bulk 5
Cleaning after Green Delayed Petcoke
• Sweep and remove all solids
• High pressure water wash all holds with
warm water (50-60deg C)
• Footprint/staining will be left behind on hold
• Use detergents as prescribed by MEPC
• Pump out to port reception facility
• National Administrations
• Regional Administrations
• State Legislation
• Classification Companies
• Flag States
• Port States
The Regulation of Shipping
There is a need for
• Regulation by local authorities
• Inspection and control !
• Support of port reception facilities !
• Supra National (EU)
ships must leave harbour EMPTY
• National (Local)
Regulation and enforcement
• International Data System
Let‟s keep the seas