Cargo Residues ?

febem.fege.be

Cargo Residues ?

Cargo Residues ?

14 October 2010

Luk Wuyts

1


Cargo Residues

Agenda

1. Regulations

2. Role of Port Reception Facilities

3. Current practice in Antwerp

4. Looking forward…


1. Regulations

Why ?


The red dots show areas where anoxic

waters are located. Map at

http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/CAMPAIG

N_POCS/OCDST/dead_zones.html.

Used with permission of NASA.


Cargo Residues

* Not so visible as oil or plastic !!

* What is a harmful substance ?

* Salt ? Iron ? Petcokes ?


Cargo Residues

What does Marpol convention tell us?

* Liquid Annex II

* Bulk Annex V


Marpol Convention

• Annex II Cat X /Y/Z : 250 substances

• Some 250 substances were evaluated and included in the list

appended to the Convention. The discharge of their residues is

allowed only to reception facilities until certain concentrations and

conditions (which vary with the category of substances) are

complied with.

• In any case, no discharge of residues containing noxious

substances is permitted within 12 miles of the nearest land. More

stringent restrictions applied to the Baltic and Black Sea areas. x II


Marpol Convention

Annex V : Garbage / including cargo residues !

Cargo-associated waste and and cargo residue.”

What is a Cargo Residue ?

“ Remnants of any cargo material on board which

cannot be placed in cargo holds plus spillage

during loading plus spillage after unloading “


News from “de Llyod”

October, 11

MEPC Committee (London, Oct 2010 )

“ discharge of all garbage is prohibited,

except as expressely provided otherwise”

enforcement date 1 Jan 2014


Marpol

- Annex V in force December 1988

- Regulation for the prevention of pollution

by Garbage

- Garbage includes all kinds of food,

domestic and operational waste …….

- Amendment to Garbage Record Book in

force on 1 st August 2005 includes:

* Cargo residues

* Position of the ship

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Marpol - Annex V current

- Garbage categories in the GRB must

include cargo residues

-Disposal prohibited < 12nm to nearest land

- In a Special Area, cargo residues cannot be

disposed into the sea

- MARPOL requirements are the minimum;

port states may be more stringent

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Special Areas !

Adopted Into force In effect

• Mediterranean Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -

• Baltic Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 01 Oct 1989

• Black Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -

• Red Sea 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -

• „Gulfs Area‟ 02 Nov 1973 31 Dec 1988 -

• North Sea 17 Oct 1989 18 Feb 1991 18 Feb 1991

• Antarctic Area 16 Nov 1990 17 Mar11992 17 Mar 1992

• Caribbean Sea 04 July 1991 04 April 1993 -

+ Gulf of Mexico

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Special Areas

Special Areas where the requirements have not taken

effect may be due to the following reasons:

- Lack of adequate reception facilities

- Lack of ratification of the Convention by Coastal States

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3. Port Reception facilities


Port Reception Facilities

Marpol :

every port should have adequate facility

Port Authority should facilitate !


Marpol

Regulation 7 of Annex V states:

• Each party to the Convention undertakes to ensure the

provision of reception facilities at ports and terminals

for the reception of garbage :-

1) Without causing undue delay to ships

2) According to the needs of the ships using them

• Each party to the Convention shall notify the IMO of all

cases where the facilities provided are alleged to be

inadequate

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Port reception facilities

* Role Accept

Quality

Treatment

* Lack of adequate facilities?


Port Reception Facilities in Europe


Adequate Reception Facility ?


3. Antwerp


Antwerp: Facts and Figures (2009)

Calling Ships Tons (mio)

16 000 157

Tankers 3 000 39

Bulk Carriers 500 17


Antwerp Facts

Calling Ships 16 000

Discharging 4 000

Not discharging 12 000


Antwerp : Cargo Residues

Collected volumes kT

Wash waters Oil Products 40

Wash Waters Chemicals 15

Wash Waters from dry Bulk 5


INTERCARGO

Cleaning after Green Delayed Petcoke

• Sweep and remove all solids

• High pressure water wash all holds with

warm water (50-60deg C)

• Footprint/staining will be left behind on hold

coating

• Use detergents as prescribed by MEPC

Circular MEPC.2/Circ.8

• Pump out to port reception facility

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• IMO

• National Administrations

• Regional Administrations

• State Legislation

• Classification Companies

• Flag States

• Port States

??

The Regulation of Shipping

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Conclusion :

There is a need for

• Regulation by local authorities

• Inspection and control !

• Support of port reception facilities !


To Do’s

• Supra National (EU)

ships must leave harbour EMPTY

• National (Local)

Regulation and enforcement

• International Data System


Let‟s keep the seas

clean !

Thank you

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