October-December 2010 JOURNAL OF EURASIAN STUDIES Volume II., Issue 4.
Three lower curves ending in the womb of the Great Mother of the Human Race correspond to
five-leafed shoots of red which penetrate deep into the dark area and is interpreted as the trunk or the
body of the idol.
Thus the color not only divides the rugs of this kind into two zones, but also marks the center in the
lower part of the rug, which is equapolent to the center in its upper zone. It is necessary to note that if
three heads of the idol penetrate into the red area of the mountain — “tag ustyu”, its five-headed analogue
swiftly bursts open the lower part of the rug (which is called by the Azerbaijani weavers “etek”— hem)
and covers approximately the same, if not larger space in the depth of the mountain, in its very bowels, in
“tag arasy”, i.e. in the canyon. The head of the She-Wolf-Mountain is horned. It is known that the
primogenitor of the Kirghiz people is Horned-Mother-Deer. But as we know already the advantage of
having horns owns any “baibisher”, i.e. older or first wife. The Kirghiz people have an ancient proverb
“Baibichenin bardygy — toodoi kara sandygy” which can be interpreted as “All the hostess’ wealth is her big
black chest, which is like a mountain”. The comparison of the black chest with the mountain is not by
chance. Both the chest and the mountain cave represent space, where the most precious belongings are
It is not by chance that goddess Umai’s head on the rock carving is decorated with a three-horned
tiara. In Alan Medoev’s album “The Engravings on the Rocks” there are two such imprints. One of them
was discovered at the Beilicul Lake in the foothills of the Maly (Small) Karatau range (South Kazakhstan).
Another one was discovered along the natural boundary of Kuderge in the mountainous Altai. Both
engravings are dated back to 6 th -8 th centuries and belong to the period of the late nomads (Tiurcu – Tugyu
(Tukyu) or Tyurkots).
Figure of Umai
And what is really important is a vertical channel opening from bottom up into the womb. It is marked
with diagonally made cuts on the image of the horned Umai, the rock carving found near natural
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