Factors that affect exercise (PP)

Factors that affect exercise (PP)

Factors that affect exercise (PP)


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Factors That Affect


Goal of Exercise

Symptom-free Movement and



The information in each of the assumptions

requires knowledge from many sources

Each of the assumptions are interrelated

– A change in one can affect another

Each of the assumptions relate to the

previously stated goal of exercise

– Symptom-free movement and function

Assumption One

Muscle components must be intact to

effectively produce a muscle contraction

and/or relaxation in a coordinated pattern

for the achievement of the goal

What is a muscle component?

How to they affect contract/relax?

How does the sliding filament theory relate?

What effect does the muscle’s energy

supply have?

Assumption Two

Muscles must be in an effective position to

produce the goal efficiently

How does the length of the muscle relate to

this assumption?

How does the shape/type of muscle relate to

this assumption?

How do the muscle’s attachments relate to

this assumption?

Assumption Three

Range of Motion (ROM) must be available

in order to reach the goal

How does joint composition relate?

How does pathology affect ROM?

How do we know what range is or should

be available?

What joint factors influence ROM?

Assumption Four

Sufficient strength must be available to

achieve the goal

How do we know what strength to expect

from specific muscles?

What influence does pathology have on

muscle strength?

What is the relationship of neurology to

muscle strength?

Assumption five

There needs to be an intact connection to

the CNS and PNS to reach the goal

What is the affect of sensory messages to

the goal?

What is the affect of motor messages to the


How does pathology affect the transmission

of messages?

Assumption Six

The patient requires sufficient cardiac and

pulmonary function in order to reach goal

What muscles are related to reaching this


How would pathology of the

cardiac/circulatory system relate?

How would pathology of the respiratory

system relate?

How do we assess the current status?

Assumption Seven

The pathology must be at a stage of

potential recovery and be indicated for

planned intervention

How does the prognosis relate?

How do the indications and

contraindications relate?

How does knowing the normal progression

of the pathology

Assumption Eight

The patient must have motivation,

awareness and the ability to respond to

instructions for volitional activity pertaining

to goal

What role might depression have on the


How can brain damage affect this


How might this affect compliance?

Planning and Executing an

Exercise Program

What do you need to know?

How the musculoskeletal, nervous,

cardiovascular, and respiratory systems are


Interrelationship of anatomy and

kinesiology as it relates to function

Pathology and how it will affect or be

affected by the above

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