Factors That Affect
Goal of Exercise
Symptom-free Movement and
The information in each of the assumptions
requires knowledge from many sources
Each of the assumptions are interrelated
– A change in one can affect another
Each of the assumptions relate to the
previously stated goal of exercise
– Symptom-free movement and function
Muscle components must be intact to
effectively produce a muscle contraction
and/or relaxation in a coordinated pattern
for the achievement of the goal
What is a muscle component?
How to they affect contract/relax?
How does the sliding filament theory relate?
What effect does the muscle’s energy
Muscles must be in an effective position to
produce the goal efficiently
How does the length of the muscle relate to
How does the shape/type of muscle relate to
How do the muscle’s attachments relate to
Range of Motion (ROM) must be available
in order to reach the goal
How does joint composition relate?
How does pathology affect ROM?
How do we know what range is or should
What joint factors influence ROM?
Sufficient strength must be available to
achieve the goal
How do we know what strength to expect
from specific muscles?
What influence does pathology have on
What is the relationship of neurology to
There needs to be an intact connection to
the CNS and PNS to reach the goal
What is the affect of sensory messages to
What is the affect of motor messages to the
How does pathology affect the transmission
The patient requires sufficient cardiac and
pulmonary function in order to reach goal
What muscles are related to reaching this
How would pathology of the
cardiac/circulatory system relate?
How would pathology of the respiratory
How do we assess the current status?
The pathology must be at a stage of
potential recovery and be indicated for
How does the prognosis relate?
How do the indications and
How does knowing the normal progression
of the pathology
The patient must have motivation,
awareness and the ability to respond to
instructions for volitional activity pertaining
What role might depression have on the
How can brain damage affect this
How might this affect compliance?
Planning and Executing an
What do you need to know?
How the musculoskeletal, nervous,
cardiovascular, and respiratory systems are
Interrelationship of anatomy and
kinesiology as it relates to function
Pathology and how it will affect or be
affected by the above