5 years ago

facilitator's guide with parent and caregiver handouts

facilitator's guide with parent and caregiver handouts


AGE-APPROPRIATE PLAY: THE FIRST 12 MONTHS SECTION TWO: 6 TO 12 MONTHS TARGET AUDIENCE For parents and caregivers of babies ages 6 to 12 months. VIEWER OBJECTIVES After viewing Volume One: Section Two (6 to 12 Months) and participating in a discussion, your audience should be able to: • Define each skill area: social skills, language, gross motor, and fine motor. • Give examples of milestones for each skill area. • Have ideas about the types of toys, games and activities that are appropriate for 6 to 12 month-old babies in each skill area. • Give examples of safe toys and safe play. • Have ideas about cost-free toys and activities. ACTIVITIES • Make a toy suggested in the parent and caregiver handout. • Teach a lap game appropriate for older babies. • Learn a simple rhyme. • Have participants add baby’s name to Twinkle Twinkle Little Star or make up their own song. • Share ideas about cost-free or nearly cost-free toys to find or make. • Have participants share a simple game that they know for babies. • Show examples of simple picture books appropriate for older babies like card books with pictures of familiar objects. • Have a safe toy measuring device and test a few common items like a block, ball or a piece of food. • Review a toy safety checklist. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS • What does “age-appropriate” mean? • Explain these different skill areas: social skills, language skills, gross motor skills, and fine motor skills. • What can most babies ages 6 to 12 months do? What skill areas do these abilities belong to? • What are some activities and toys that babies like? What skills are used with those toys and games? • How do babies learn language? • What are some ways to allow babies the freedom to explore? • What can babies do with their hands? • What are some safety issues for babies at this age? • What if a baby is developing more slowly than other babies? • When should you contact your physician or a parent resource center? • Can a baby be left alone? 6 AGE-APPROPRIATE PLAY: THE FIRST FOUR YEARS

Skill Area Gross Motor Skills Fine Motor Skills Social Skills Language Skills HOW TO PLAY WITH 6 TO 12 MONTH-OLDS PARENT AND CAREGIVER HANDOUT Milestones 6 to 12 Months Sitting up; crawling; standing; climbing Exploring objects; picking things up using thumb and fingers; opening and closing things More able to focus and concentrate as they play; experimenting with new ideas like self-awareness, cause and effect, and object permanence Starting to say a few syllables and will soon be saying their first word; baby is also beginning to recognize some of your frequently used words Activities, Games and Toys To Provide As a Parent or Caregiver • Provide open and safe floor space, as well as time, to practice sitting, rolling and crawling. • When they learn to sit up, give them interesting things to explore with their hands and go for stroller walks. • Swing them in an infant swing with your supervision. • Roll a ball with them. • Call their name from a few feet away to encourage them to roll or crawl to you. • When they’re able to crawl well put interesting objects on a higher, stable surface like a couch to encourage them to pull up to standing. • After they get the hang of pulling up to standing add another toy further down the couch so they learn to move their feet to get to it while being supported. • Give them things to move around or go after like cardboard boxes, balls, or simple wheeled push toys. • Provide safe and interesting objects to pick up, shake, bang, and open and close like pots with lids, muffin tins, plastic containers, blocks, etc. • Provide a baby-safe drawer or cabinet to practice opening and closing, as well as freedom to explore. • Favorite toys include: nesting toys, rings that stack on a column, balls, drums, xylophones. • Playing together in front of a mirror will allow baby to recognize themselves and you. • Play new games like Peek-a-Boo or Where’s the Toy?, a simple version of Hide-and-Seek. • Playing with water and sand allows baby to experiment with concepts such as gravity, space and volume. Make sure you supervise this play. • Follow your child’s direction, playing with what interests them. • Respond to babble by imitating their sounds or talking to them. • Read and tell simple stories about things, people and events that are familiar to them. • Choose books with simple, uncluttered pictures. Books with hardboard pages are easier for them to turn. • Sing simple songs to your baby like Twinkle Twinkle Little Star or The Itsy Bitsy Spider. Use your baby’s name in the song. • Choose a melody you know and make up a simple song featturing your baby and other family members. • Play lap games like The Ladies Go Prancing. 7 AGE-APPROPRIATE PLAY: THE FIRST FOUR YEARS

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