USAID's Draft Anti-Corruption Strategy - Neil Levine - Fiscal Reform

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USAID's Draft Anti-Corruption Strategy - Neil Levine - Fiscal Reform

Overview of the

Draft Agency Anti-Corruption

Anti Corruption

Strategy

Prepared for

EGAT Conference

“Promoting Economic Growth in a New Era”

June 28, 2004

Neil Levine, Chief

Governance Division

Office of Democracy and Governance

Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and

Humanitarian Assistance


Strategy Development

Administrator’s Administrator’s Tasking

Sector Sector Reference Group

Program Program Inventory and Field Survey

9 9 Sector Papers

Seminars Seminars

Vetting Vetting of Drafts


Anti-Corruption Anti Corruption Programs by Sector

(FY02) ($215M)

EG, $105M , 48%

Other, $21M ,

10%

DG, $90M , 42%


EG A/C Programs (‘000s) FY02

35,000

30,000

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000

-

Fiscal/Customs

Private Sec.

Fin. Sector

Corporate Gov.

Rule of Law

Privatization

Procurement

Civil Society

Local Gov.

Legislative

A/C Commission


E&E

55%

EG Anti-Corruption

Anti Corruption

Programs by Region – FY02

($105M)

LAC

3%

AFR

6%

ANE

36%


Constraints to A/C Programming

% of Missions Responding

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

Staff/Resource Constraints

Long-term & Cultural

Lack of Pollitical Will

Results

Donor Coordination

Resource Impact

Multiple SO's

Other

Other Priorities

Knowledge/tools

Partners

Not NGO priority

Not USG priority


Effective Approaches

Not one single program; confluence of

factors.

Key factors, according to Missions— Missions

– Political will

– Programs generating demand for reform

– Assistance to strengthen government

institutions

– Local ownership of efforts

Multi-pronged Multi pronged Approaches


Ineffective Approaches

Absence of Political Will as Main Factor

Examples:

– Public awareness programs not tied to reforms.

Reforms without public awareness programs.

– Institutional reforms absent political will.

– Failure to take long-term long term approach.

– ACCs without mandate, resources.

More…


Examples:

Ineffective Approaches

– Recommendations unsupported by research

and data collection.

– Roundtables and policy dialogue efforts when

the key issues are well understood.

– Donor driven programs that are perceived as

such.


“Are we thinking here, or is this just

so much pointing and clicking!”


Summary of Recommendations

– Tackle elite-level elite level (or “grand”)

corruption.

– Deploy Agency Resources More

Strategically

– Mainstream anti-corruption

anti corruption

throughout our programs.

– Develop a learning organization.


Next Steps

Complete Complete vetting and produce final version.

Administrator’s Administrator’s Approval

Develop Develop Implementation Plan.

Develop Develop broader, interdisciplinary

assessment methodology.

Secure Secure approval and resources for rapid

response capability.

Build Build Agency-wide Agency wide community of practice.


Questions

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