E-news update July 25 2005 In this issue: POLICY 1.1. Climate ...

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E-news update July 25 2005 In this issue: POLICY 1.1. Climate ...

E-news update July 25 2005

In this issue:

POLICY

1.1. Climate Change - Speech by Stavros Dimas

1.2. World Bank to Take Lead in New Climate Change Plan

1.3. G8 news – message from Tony Blair

1.4. General Assembly endorses small island states' call for help with climate change

ENERGY AND EMISSIONS

2.1. Romania adopts the first National Climate Change Strategy

2.2. Drive to save energy leaves Asians hot under collar

2.3. Spanish energy saving and efficiency plan

2.4. DEFRA release: EU ETS consultation

2.5. Four year campaign to raise public awareness on sustainable energy launched

2.6. Commission authorises the climate change levy rebate for the agriculture sector in the UK

CLIMATE IMPACTS

3.1. Greenpeace - Greenland glacier discovery

3.2. UN investigates Everest threat

PUBLICATIONS

4.1. Environmental policy integration in Europe - Administrative culture and practices

4.2. Tiempo Climate Newswatch

4.3. IPCC F - gases briefing

ANNOUNCEMENTS

5.1. UNFCCC – Workshop on innovative options for financing...

5.2. UNFCCC – 15th Asia-Pasific Seminar on Climate Change

5.3. Consultation on the Community Strategic Guidelines

5.4. The new call of the LIFE programme

5.5. On-Going Project on the US Government Climate Change Budget

POLICY

1.1. Climate Change - Speech by Stavros Dimas

19 July 2005

… G8 Summit: The recent G8 Summit was an important step in the global fight against climate

change, despite the despicable terror attacks in London that overshadowed it. The G8 leaders agreed

to launch, and invited other countries to join, a dialogue on climate change, clean energy and

sustainable development. They also agreed on a forward-looking declaration and an action plan. The

action plan identifies a range of activities to promote research and cooperation on energy efficiency,

clean technologies and adaptation to climate change. We hope this will be the starting point of a

renewed global partnership on climate change, leading to further concrete steps in the multilateral

efforts to address the threat. The Summit outcome sends a clear message - the major economies are

ready to face the threat of climate change and to cooperate in tackling it. This, we hope, is also a

signal to business. Before the Summit, G8 President Tony Blair received numerous appeals from

business associations - for example the International Chamber of Commerce and business leaders of

the World Economic Forum - which called for the establishment of a stable, long-term and costeffective

global framework. We are acutely aware that you need certainty to operate. The

establishment of such a stable framework is very much our goal too. Science: Recent science indicates

that our climate is more sensitive to rising greenhouse gas emissions than previously believed. It also

shows that climate change already impacts on a wide range of systems, sectors and societies. These

impacts will become more pronounced in the coming decades. There is clearly an urgency to act if we

are to achieve the EU objective of limiting temperature increases to 2° Celsius above the pre-industrial

level. The longer we delay action, the higher a price we will have to pay for damage due to climate


change, and the more difficult it will be to reduce emissions cost-effectively. EU climate change

policies: This is why the EU has fully supported the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. It

provides for the multilateral framework that we need to address a global threat. The urgency to act

also makes the Kyoto Protocol an important instrument since it commits the vast majority of

industrialised countries to measurable action by 2012. The urgency is also a key reason for the EU's

call to start negotiations on future action, post 2012. Domestically, EU climate policy is based on

action. In 2000, we launched the European Climate Change Programme. Under this umbrella,

stakeholders, including industry, have actively participated in the search for smart measures to reduce

greenhouse gas emissions. So far, we have identified - and by and large put in place - 42 such costeffective

measures. They range from the promotion of renewable energy sources and combined heat

and power production, to increased energy-efficiency in buildings, transport and household

appliances. There are also voluntary measures, such as the commitments of carmakers to reduce the

CO2 emissions of passenger cars sold in the EU. The G8 action plan, by the way, builds upon many EU

initiatives. The cornerstone of our efforts is the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. It covers almost half of

the EU's CO2 emissions, emitted by some 11,500 energy-intensive installations. The EU fully

recognises the crucial value of such market-based mechanisms to harness the creativity of the

business sector, to offer economic incentives to cut emissions, and to reduce compliance cost. The

Emissions Trading Scheme will reduce the cost of achieving the EU's Kyoto target by about a third. We

are now starting to see the impact of our policies: in 2003, more than half of Europe's investments in

the power sector went into renewable energy or highly efficient combined heat and power plants. This

shows that it is important to use incentives in order to pull new technologies onto the market and

then be able to profit from the technological 'learning curve', which makes them ever cheaper and

better. Future climate change action domestically: Towards the end of the year, the European

Commission will evaluate the results of the current European Climate Change Programme, identify

what needs to be improved, and look for new options for cost-effective reductions. Prior to that, we

will also present proposals to tackle greenhouse gas emissions from aviation. In addition, the

Commission has just issued a Green Paper on energy-efficiency with the goal of improving it by 20%

by 2020. Improved energy efficiency does not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions - it saves costs

for industry, makes us all less dependent on oil and gas imports and less vulnerable to the oil price.

Already now, EU industry is 26% more energy-efficient than industry in the US, which is clearly a

competitive advantage in a world of rising oil prices. The Commission is also aware that we need to

invest in developing better and cheaper low-carbon technologies. Its proposal for the 7th EU

Framework Programme for RTD, to run from 2007 to 2013, envisages an increase of 60-70% of the

budget for low-carbon technologies, such as renewable energy sources, hydrogen and fuel cell

technology, and carbon capture and storage. Future action at the global level: However, the EU will

not be able to curb climate change on its own. Projections show that our share in global emissions will

fall from currently 14% to less than 10% by 2050. Future global action is therefore at the heart of the

current climate change debate. Earlier this year, we put out a paper outlining some basic elements we

believe a future climate change regime - post 2012 when the Kyoto targets expire - should include.

Firstly, the continued use of market-based instruments is very important to keep costs low. Secondly,

a determined push for innovation is indispensable because we need new technologies to master the

shift to a low-carbon society. Thirdly, for the reduction effort to be cost-effective, it must include all

sectors, such as aviation, maritime transport and forestry, and all greenhouse gases. Fourthly, there

must be broad participation in the reduction effort - by all major emitters, such as the US and rapidly

developing emerging markets. The G8 Summit has been an important step in this discussion. We now

hope that the UN climate change conference in Montreal later this year will initiate formal negotiations

o the future climate change regime. Fifthly, we have to start developing policies that will help us adapt

to the inevitable impacts of climate change. This requires identifying vulnerabilities and measures to

increase resilience, such as flood protection measures, appropriate land use methods, adjusted

building codes, appropriate insurance coverage, etc. I don't need to stress the crucial role that

business has to play in all these areas. Like every sector of society, you need to reduce your emissions

- but we need to find ways so you can do it in the most cost-effective way. We also need you to

develop and employ new technologies, and to help find solutions for adaptation. Climate change is a

threat to us all. The challenge is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in an economy that continues to

grow. The EU is convinced that these two are not incompatible, but policymakers and business leaders

have to work together to be able to achieve this. EU and US approaches to climate change: Much has

also been said about differences in the EU and US approaches to climate change. There is, however, a

lot that we agree upon, as the outcome of the G8 Summit shows. We agree on the science, we agree


on the need for clean technology, and we agree on the need for energy efficiency. Still, we need to

build a few more bridges with regard to the path that will get us to a low-carbon economy. The EU

believes in pushing for new technologies, but also in the need to pull them onto the market through

incentives and regulation, so we can benefit from the technological learning curve. But we also believe

that the value of a combined push-and-pull approach is increasingly being recognised in the US. After

all, on June 28 the Senate passed a non-binding "Sense of the Senate" resolution, calling upon

Congress "to enact a comprehensive and effective national program of mandatory, market-based

limits and incentives on emissions of greenhouse gases that slow, stop, and reverse the growth of

such emissions."

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1.2. World Bank to Take Lead in New Climate Change Plan

21 July 2005, Planet Ark

The World Bank wants to bring together nations split over the Kyoto Protocol to work out a new plan

that would remain effective long beyond the 2012 expiration of the climate change treaty. Ian

Johnson, the World Bank's top environment official, said global divisions over climate change offer an

opportunity for the bank to take a more prominent role on international policies. Long a behind-thescenes

operator on such politically sensitive issues, the World Bank can assume a leading role on

climate change because of how global warming will affect its biggest clients in the developing world,

Johnson, vice president for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development, told Reuters in an

interview on Wednesday. "It's a huge opportunity to try and be more comprehensive, more strategic

and longer term in our own relationship with the issues of climate change," Johnson said. "In a way, it

has the potential to transform us to much more of a global issues manager." Less than two months

since Paul Wolfowitz left the US Defense Department to head the World Bank, the institution has

found itself at the center of rich nations' proposals to cancel the debts of 18 mainly African nations,

oversee increased African aid and create a new framework for tackling climate change. A Group of

Eight meeting in Scotland this month pledged to "act with resolve and urgency" to reach common

goals that include reducing greenhouse gases. But the major industrial nations did not set any

measurable target or timeframe. Johnson said the bank will serve as a global mediator on climate

change, bridging the huge differences in approach between the developed and emerging countries,

including India and China. Under the Kyoto climate change treaty, which came into force in February,

developed nations agreed to limit their greenhouse emissions by 5.2 percent of 1990 levels by 2012.

However, many have argued that the targets are ill-suited because the level of emissions for the most

important greenhouse gases is unpredictable. The United States, the world's largest consumer of

energy and emitter of greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change, rejected Kyoto. It argues

that there is no point in an accord that does not include major emerging economies such as China and

India. Washington has urged the world to focus instead on developing new clean technologies.

Johnson acknowledged that the task of getting world leaders focused on the same issues will be

difficult. "You have to navigate your way through a lot of complex minefields," he said. "To make any

sort of framework like this work, you have to consider it as a big tent where you'd like everyone to

feel that (they're) pulling in the same direction." Over the next few months the World Bank will start

consultations with governments, the private sector and other global institutions to prepare for a

meeting on climate change in November headed by British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Before then,

Wolfowitz and British Finance Minister Gordon Brown will likely chair a meeting on climate change at

the World Bank and International Monetary Fund annual meetings in September. "We have got to try

to understand the motivations of key stakeholders who are absolutely pivotal to making a difference,"

Johnson said. "We also have to start the dialogue with China and India and other developing countries

to better understand their own perspectives." Johnson said the new plan will give experts an

opportunity to better understand the costs associated with climate change and governments time to

plan and implement cost-effective investment. "The longer time you have, the more prudent you can

be in sequencing those costs and, I would presume, the lower they would be. You don't wait until

judgment day," he said. "Climate change is a big issue and it's a long-term issue and we have to put

building blocks in place," Johnson added. "People are talking too short-term in my view." Story by

Lesley Wroughton.

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1.3. G8 news – message from Tony Blair


As you will know, I recently chaired the annual summit of all G8 leaders in Gleneagles, Scotland. The

Summit was of course overshadowed by the appalling terrorist attacks in London last Thursday.

However, all of the leaders who attended the Summit, from the G8 countries, Africa, China, India,

Brazil and Mexico, were determined that this must not disrupt the important work of the Summit, on

climate change and Africa. I would like to explain what I was trying to achieve at Gleneagles and what

we actually achieved. On climate change, our objective was never to get the US to sign up to the

Kyoto protocol, nor to negotiate the international treaty which must be negotiated for 2012, when the

first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol expires. Rather, our aim was to build a broader

international consensus, which included both the US and major emerging economy countries, like

China and India, and which prepares the ground for agreeing future frameworks which will drive the

radical reductions in greenhouse gas emissions that we need to make. We did not resolve every issue

at Gleneagles. But I believe we made a very significant step forward. The G8 statement on climate

change establishes a consensus among all of these countries that climate change is real, that it must

be tackled urgently, that emissions must be halted and reduced, and that this must be done in a way

which is compatible with the development and growth that is required to reduce poverty and increase

wealth for all. This can only be achieved by taking measures to encourage markets and customers for

cleaner and more efficient energy technologies, and by ensuring these technologies are available to all

countries. We agreed the Gleneagles Plan of Action which sets out a range of practical measures to

make this happen. Crucially, we also agreed on a way to take this forward. We all agreed to continue

the productive dialogue between the G8 and other major energy using countries, both to implement

and build on the Plan of Action, and to explore the best ways to grow our economies in a more

sustainable way. We agreed that this is an issue which should stay on the agenda of G8 leaders:

energy will be a major priority of the Russian G8 Presidency next year, and Japan has agreed that a

report on the dialogue will be discussed at its G8 Summit in 2008. The first meeting of the new

dialogue will take place in the UK on 1 November. I believe that this will help to create the conditions

for successful UN negotiations, at Montreal later this year and beyond. I also see the UK's EU

Presidency, which has just begun, as an opportunity to make further progress on this issue. Yours,

Tony Blair.

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1.4. General Assembly endorses small island states' call for help with climate change

15 July 2005

The United Nations General Assembly has

endorsed a declaration made by

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) requesting

expanded trade opportunities, assistance in coping with sea-level rise and other adverse

consequences of climate change, and renewable energy and cleaner fossil fuel technologies. Adopting

without a vote a resolution introduced by Jamaica yesterday on behalf of the 132-member "Group of

77" developing countries and China, the Assembly called for timely actions to implement the Mauritius

Declaration and

Strategy for

implementation adopted at the SIDS international meeting from 10 to 14 January. The Strategy would

require a substantial increase in financial resources to be used effectively, access to and transfer of

environmentally sound technologies, early warning weather systems, capacity-building and quick and

practical actions to respond to the unique economic, social and environmental challenges facing the

51 SIDS, the representative of Mauritius said. The SIDS are small island and low-lying coastal

countries that share similar sustainable development challenges, including small populations, lack of

resources, remoteness from other land masses, susceptibility to natural disasters, excessive

dependence on international trade and vulnerability to global developments. In addition, they lack

economies of scale and pay high costs for transportation, communication, public administration and

infrastructure. For more details go to UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news.

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ENERGY AND EMISSIONS

2.1. Romania adopts the first National Climate Change Strategy

The Romanian Government has just adopted the first National Strategy on Climate Change. With this

Strategy, Romania takes its first steps towards a targeted and coordinated national effort to limit


emissions of greenhouse gases and to deal with the climate change impacts that are to be expected.

The focus of Romania's approach to climate change is on the future requirements resulting from the

country's upcoming membership of the EU (including participation in the EU Emissions Trading

Scheme) as well as from international commitments under the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol. Key

issues and selected highlights include: Adaptation to climate change: The Strategy calls for action to

improve knowledge and adopt no-regret and cost-effective precautionary adaptation measures.

Complying with international requirements from EU and UN: Romania intends to start trading under

the ETS at the expected date of accession to the EU (1st January 2007) Opportunities from the Kyoto

Protocol and its flexible mechanisms: Romania will pursue JI Track I and II and also intends to

develop a framework for a Green Investment Scheme. Policies and measures to limit Romanian

emissions of greenhouse gases: Current emissions are well below the Kyoto target but are set to grow

in the coming years. Policies and measures will be identified that require a limited contribution from

the state budget only while showing economic side-benefits. The political, institutional and legal

framework for Romania's climate change activities Education, Research and Awareness The Climate

Change Strategy will be followed later this year by the National Action Plan on Climate Change. The

Strategy has been developed under the auspices of the Ministry of Environment and Water

Management of Romania. The process has been supported financially by the Danish Government

through the Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Technical assistance has been provided by a

team lead by Danish COWI supported by CAP SD from the Netherlands. The strategy can be

downloaded in English and Romanian from the Ministry's website:

http://www.mappm.ro/informatii/schimbariClimatice.html.

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2.2. Drive to save energy leaves Asians hot under collar

16 July 2005, FT

By Shawn Donnan: In China a balmy 26°C has been declared the optimum temperature for airconditioned

government offices. In South Korea a minister this week took to the catwalk for a "no tie"

fashion show to encourage office workers to don cooler clothes. In Indonesia insomniacs are

complaining after the government ordered television stations to drop overnight broadcasts to save

energy. Across much of power-hungry Asia the latest crop of record oil prices has brought

government-led energy-conservation drives to rein in demand this summer. And from Chinese civil

servants feeling the heat in their offices to drivers struggling to find a late-night fill-up in Bangkok

where service stations have been ordered to shut at night, the moves are having an impact on daily

life. "I don't really mind about the air-conditioning because it is only for a short time during the day,"

Wanlop Chewnert, a clerk at a small import-export company, said yesterday as he struggled against

the midday heat building up in his Bangkok office, heeding a call from Thaksin Shinawatra, Thailand's

prime minister, to turn off the air-conditioning at lunch time. "But the price of petrol has gone up so

much I don't drive as much as I used to." Collectively, the moves may be having an effect on Asia's

appetite for petroleum. According to Andy Xie, an economist at Morgan Stanley, demand for oil

imports this year has dropped in China, India, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand - countries that

account for 16 per cent of world usage and made up 44 per cent of the increase in consumption seen

last year. The reason, said Mr Xie, was weakening economies and the use of other fuels. But the

energy conservation drives are also a symptom of an Asian addiction to cheap, government-subsidised

fuel prices and what in some countries remains a political reluctance to tackle the thorny issue of

ballooning subsidy bills. Thailand this week moved to erase diesel subsidies it introduced in January

2004. But the move came after months of what economists now say turned out to be growthstultifying

conservation measures. The Philippines abandoned fuel subsidies in the 1990s and, facing

fiscal problems already, the government has resisted calls to restore them this year. India ended

subsidies on diesel three years ago. It has also sought to reduce the budgetary burden from stillsubsidised

fuels such as the kerosene used as cooking fuel by many rural poor, though it still paid out

$805m (€669m, £459m) in kerosene subsidies in the 2004-05 budget year. But in the past week the

Indonesian government has launched an energy-saving drive, preferring that to a politically sensitive

move on prices. Indonesia faces what is arguably Asia's most daunting problem when it comes to fuel

prices. In spite of being the only Asian member of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries,

Jakarta is a net importer of petroleum. If current crude oil prices persist, it will pay out more than

$10bn this year in fuel subsidies to maintain petrol prices which, at 27 cents a litre, are among the

world's cheapest. Moreover, a cash-crunch at state oil company Pertamina caused by delayed subsidy

payments has led to fuel shortages in parts of the archipelago. The answer for the time being, said


President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, was to economise. The retired general has followed the lead of

Asian leaders such as Japan's Junichiro Koizumi - who launched a programme dubbed "Cool Biz"

earlier this year - in urging businesses to turn down the air-conditioning and office workers to

abandon formal business attire. Indonesian government officials have also found other creative ways

to conserve energy. Television stations have been banned from going on air between 1am and 6am

unless, that is, they are broadcasting European football matches. In Jakarta the street lights are being

turned off at 11pm and lights on advertising billboards dimmed. Economists say the moves are likely

to do little to rein in demand in a country where car sales grew 15 per cent year-on-year in June in

spite of rising global oil prices. And Bank Indonesia, the central bank, has begun arguing that the fuel

conservation measures may cut into economic growth. The real answer, economists argue

unsurprisingly, is to remove subsidies and let market forces go to work. Conserving energy "is good

for a political gesture. But it won't solve the problem", said economist Chatib Basri of the University of

Indonesia. "From my view the government has to do it [raise prices and liberalise retail petrol prices].

Whether we have to do it gradually or abruptly we have to do it. We don't have a choice." Additional

reporting by Anna Fifield in Seoul, Roel Landingin in Manila, Richard McGregor in Beijing, Tony Cheng

in Bangkok, Anita Jain in New Delhi, David Ibison in Tokyo, and Florian Gimbel in Hong Kong.

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2.3. Spanish energy saving and efficiency plan

18 July 2005, Environment Daily 1920

The Spanish government has approved an €8bn, three-year energy saving and efficiency plan

designed to cut consumption by 8.5% and reduce CO2 emissions by 32.5m tonnes. Launched on 8

July, the plan includes a 0.8% levy on consumers' electricity bills to finance the replacement of 2m

low-efficiency domestic appliances and creation of green transport schemes for large workplaces.

Included in a long list of other actions are energy audits in selected industrial sectors and improved

building insulation. The plan replaces previous measures introduced in 2003 (ED 19/01/04

http://www.environmentdaily.com/articles/index.cfm?action=article&ref=15902). See press release

http://www2.mityc.es/NR/rdonlyres/0FBD2BBB-6409-40F8-88C1-

2E17EBFA09D7/3718/PlandeAcción_ConsejodeMinistros_080705.pdf.

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2.4. DEFRA release: EU ETS consultation

19 July 2005

Government announces proposals on emissions trading for 2008-2012: Government has today

launched a consultation on its proposals for the second phase of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

(EU ETS). This phase of the EU ETS will run from 2008 until 2012 and coincides with the first Kyoto

commitment period. Emissions trading is central to UK and wider European action to tackle climate

change. It gives industry an incentive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, whilst enabling them to do

so at least cost. The consultation seeks views on the possible extension of the Scheme to cover more

emissions. Comments are sought on allocation of carbon allowances, on the use of auctioning,

benchmarks, the treatment of combined heat and power plants and new entrant and closure rules. It

also asks for comments on issues related to the use of project credits and treatment of small

installations. The consultation is in two parts with comments due on Part A by 13 September and Part

B by 27 September 2005. http://www.defra.gov.uk/corporate/consult/euets-phasetwo/index.htm.

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2.5. Four year campaign to raise public awareness on sustainable energy launched

18 July 2005, European Commission

Intelligent energy production and consumption will change the European energy landscape forever.

This is the core message of the Sustainable Energy Europe campaign that the European Commission

launched today, and which will last until 2008. This action is set to contribute to meeting EU energy

policy aims: an increase in the share of renewable energy up to 12% by 2010, together with

substantial savings in energy consumption that have been estimated in the recently adopted Green

Paper on Energy Efficiency at 20% by 2020. Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs on launching the

campaign said: ³This campaign will promote better living standards, stimulate economic growth,

create jobs and enhance the competitive position of European industry on world markets. The

objectives of the campaign are to raise the awareness of decision-makers at local, regional, national

and European level, spread best-practice, ensure a strong level of public awareness, understanding


and support, and stimulate the necessary trends towards an increase in private investment in

sustainable energy technologies. The Sustainable Energy Europe 2005-2008 Campaign specifically

supports and promotes actions in the following nine main campaigning areas: Regions, Cities, Islands

and Rural Areas, Communities aiming at 100% RES Supply, Transport, Buildings, Lighting Systems

and Appliances, Co-operation with Developing Countries and Promotion and Communication. Annual

key events are scheduled in the framework of the Campaign such as the Conference and the

Sustainable Energy Awards. A Campaign website will bring information to the decisions-makers, the

media and the public and a Media Desk is at your disposal. The Sustainable Energy Partnerships are

the main instruments of the Campaign made up of organizations that are currently implementing, or

planning to implement, a project or programme intended to have a significant impact upon the related

energy environment in the European Union. The partnerships represent a European network, specially

designed to actively involve and promote a wide range of projects and programmes in the context of

the Campaign. Within the Campaign, achievable benchmarks for 2008 are also provided, in order to

measure the progress of sustainable energy actions and serve as goals for decision-makers and

planners. In the area of renewable energy sources, these benchmarks are in line with the EU 2010

targets and/or the estimates (i.e. during the period 2005-2008 the installation of 15000 MW new

capacities of wind turbines and the construction of 450 new combined biomass heat and power

plants). A fivefold increase is expected in the production capacity of bioethanol, and a threefold

increase in biodiesel. Amongst benchmarks relative to energy performance in buildings, around 5

million inspections and assessments of heating systems will take place, 2 million Energy Performance

Certifications on smaller buildings will be assured and the construction of 50 000 Overy low energy

houses is expected.

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2.6. Commission authorises the climate change levy rebate for the agriculture sector in the UK

20 July 2005

The European Commission has today authorised the United Kingdom (UK) to grant the agriculture

sector a tax rebate of € 687 million over a period of 10 years. The rebate on the climate change levy

of 50% for horticulture and 80% for agriculture sectors covered by Integrated Pollution Prevention

and Control (IPPC) agreements allows UK agriculture to accommodate higher energy prices caused by

the levy while helping to meet the CO2 reduction targets for the UK and for Europe. In 2001, the UK

introduced a climate change levy on the non-domestic use of energy in order to meet the Kyoto

targets. Energy intensive industries were offered a significant rebate of 80% for a period of 10 years

in order to adapt to the new environment and improve energy efficiency and cut carbon dioxide

emissions. The agricultural sectors concerned by today’s decision (pig and poultry, food and drink)

have entered into Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) agreements and have committed

themselves to emission reduction targets and energy efficiency targets. The UK ensures strict

monitoring of the commitments. The agreements are reviewed on a regular basis. A separate special

measure of a 5-year rebate of 50% allows the horticulture sector to offset the loss of international

competitiveness resulting from the introduction of the climate change levy. The text of the decision

will be made available on the Internet at

http://europa.eu.int/comm/secretariat_general/sgb/state_aids/agriculture_2005.htm once Member

States have indicated whether they want parts of the decisions deleted for reasons of confidentiality.

The decision can be found under the aid number NN 12/2004.

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CLIMATE IMPACTS

3.1. Greenpeace - Greenland glacier discovery

21 July 2005

Greenland glacier almost triples speed in less than two decades. "Dramatic discovery" confirms

scientists' predictions of accelerated impact of climate change. Independent scientists on board the

Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise yesterday discovered that a Greenland glacier has accelerated in the

past nine years, exceeding all expectations, and has now become one of the fastest moving glaciers in

the world. These observations validate predictions of the response of Greenland glaciers to recent

climate change. The Greenpeace vessel Arctic Sunrise is in Greenland this summer, documenting the

signs and impacts of climate change in this part of the Arctic. The scientists from the Climate Change

Institute at the University of Maine, USA, are conducting an independently-funded study into glacier


variations as evidence of recent climate change. Preliminary findings indicate Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier

on Greenland's east coast could be one of the fastest moving glaciers in the world with a speed of

almost 14 kilometres per year. The measurements were made this week using high precision GPS

survey methods. The results were compared with measurements made with satellite imagery that

revealed the glacier's speed was five kilometres per year in 1988. In addition, Kangerdlugssuaq

Glacier unexpectedly receded approximately five kilometres since 2001 after maintaining a stable

position for the past 40 years. Outlet glaciers like Kangerdlugssuaq transport ice from the heart of the

Greenland Ice Sheet to the ocean and discharge icebergs which contribute to sea level rise.

Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier alone transports or "drains" four percent of the ice from the Greenland Ice

Sheet, and so any changes in the speed of these glaciers holds tremendous significance in terms of

sea level rise. "This is a dramatic discovery," said Dr. Gordon Hamilton, who undertook the

measurements on Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier on Greenland's east coast with University of Maine PhD

student Leigh Stearns. "There is concern that the acceleration of this and similar glaciers and the

associated discharge of ice is not described in current ice sheet models of the effects of climate

change. These new results suggest that the loss of ice from the Greenland Ice Sheet, unless balanced

by an equivalent increase in snowfall, could be larger and faster than previously estimated," said Dr.

Hamilton. "As the warming trend migrates north, glaciers at higher latitudes in Greenland might also

respond in the same way as Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier. In turn, this could have serious implications for

the rate of sea level rise," said Dr. Hamilton. The Greenland Ice Sheet could melt down if regional

warming exceeds about three degrees Celsius. If this were to occur, sea level would rise

approximately seven meters over a few thousand years. However, half a meter to one meter rise in

sea level in the next century would have significant impacts on society. More than 70 percent of the

world's population lives on coastal plains, and 11 of the world's 15 largest cities are on the coast or

estuaries. "Greenland's shrinking glaciers are sending an urgent warning to the world that action is

needed now to stop climate change," said Martina Krueger, Greenpeace Expedition Leader on board

the Arctic Sunrise. "How many more urgent warnings does the Bush Administration need before it

takes meaningful action on climate change?" said Krueger.

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3.2. UN investigates Everest threat

BBC News

By Richard Black: The United Nations is to set up a task force to investigate the effects of climate

change on regions like the Himalayas. The decision came at the annual meeting of the United Nations

Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (Unesco) World Heritage Committee, which declared

that climate change does pose a threat to natural and cultural heritage sites. The initiative could result

in a legal obligation on governments around the world to cut emissions of greenhouse gases, as the

only way to protect these sites. Environmental campaigners applauded the British government for its

role in pushing the decision through. "I'm delighted that the Committee has decided to investigate the

impact of climate change on world heritage sites," Peter Roderick, Director of the campaign group

Climate Justice, told the BBC News website. "The jury's still out, and I'm not sure the urgency has

been fully grasped; but at least it keeps alive the hopes that Everest, the Peruvian Andes, and the

Belize Barrier Reef can be enjoyed by future generations." Danger list: Climate Justice co-ordinated a

campaign by environmental groups in Nepal, Peru and Belize to have three existing world heritage

sites in these countries put onto Unesco's "danger list". They submitted petitions claiming that the

Sagarmatha National Park in the Himalayas, the Huascaran National Park in Peru and the Belize

Barrier Reef are being critically affected by climate change. If the World Heritage Committee had

accepted the argument fully at its annual meeting in Durban, South Africa, the 180 countries which

have ratified the World Heritage Convention would effectively have been obliged to reduce

greenhouse gas emissions. The wording of the Convention means they accept that the international

community is responsible for protecting world heritage sites, vow to preserve the sites for future

generations, and promise not to take any action which would damage them. The Committee - which

administers the Convention - stopped short of danger-listing the three sites, instead deciding to set up

its task force, which will report by next year's Committee meeting; Britain will host the task force's

first gathering. The Committee did agree that "the impacts of climate change are affecting and are

likely to affect more World Heritage properties, both natural and cultural. [So nations should] use the

network of World Heritage Sites to highlight the threats posed by climate change..." Before the

meeting began, one of the first two men to climb Mount Everest, Sir Edmund Hillary, had given his

backing to the campaign, issuing a statement saying that "the warming of the Himalayas has


increased noticeably over the last 50 years this has caused several and severe floods from glacial

lakes, and much disruption to the environment and local people."

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PUBLICATIONS

4.1. Environmental policy integration in Europe - Administrative culture and practices

Technical report No 5/2005, published at: http://reports.eea.eu.int/technical_report_2005_5. Abstract:

This paper presents an overview of administrative culture and practices for EPI in Europe, and

investigates some of the main management styles used. It reviews institutional structures and

practices in the EU-25, the candidate and applicant countries, the countries of the European Free

Trade Area (EFTA) and the countries of eastern Europe, Caucasus and central Asia (EECCA).

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4.2. Tiempo Climate Newswatch

http://www.tiempocyberclimate.org/newswatch/: In the latest issue of Tiempo Climate Newswatch, a

weekly online magazine on climate and development: Report from the G8 Summit -

http://www.tiempocyberclimate.org/newswatch/report050715.htm; A new climate weblog section -

http://www.tiempocyberclimate.org/newswatch/index.htm#weblogs; Plus news and features on:

drought in Botswana, Sir Edmund Hillary on climate change, climate, pollution and oysters.

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4.3. IPCC F - gases briefing

Please find below the weblink for the CAN Europe briefing paper on the IPCC Special Report on Ozone

and Climate. http://www.climnet.org/EUenergy/Fgas.html. If you have any questions please refer to

kirsten@climnet.org.

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ANNOUNCEMENTS

5.1. UNFCCC – Workshop on innovative options for financing...

UNFCCC has invited environmental groups to nominate three representatives for workshop on

'Innovative Options for Financing the results of the Technology Needs Assessments' from 20 to 21

October September 2005 at Bonn, Germany. The aim of the workshop is to bring together developed

and developing country representatives and members of the financial community to present results of

the technology needs assessments completed by developing countries and to identify innovative

options and practical approaches for financing these results. Those engaged in the work related to

financing the development and transfer of technologies and technology needs assessments may send

their names (with details of Organisation, Name, Title, Contact Address and numbers with email id) to

sanjay@climatenetwork.org by 24th August, 2005 at CAN International Secretariat. Please note that

participants are responsible for making there own arrangements of travel as there is no funding

available with the CAN International Secretariat.

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5.2. UNFCCC – 15th Asia-Pasific Seminar on Climate Change

UNFCCC has invited environmental groups to nominate three representatives for two events (joint):

Fifteenth Asia-Pacific Seminar on Climate Change & Asia and the Pacific Regional Workshop on Article

6 of Climate Change Convention from 11 to 15 September 2005 at Pacific Yokohama, Kanagawa,

Japan. The Asia-Pacific Seminar on Climate Change has served as a regional vehicle for enhancement

of policy dialogues and the promotion of international cooperation to address climate change. Thus

aims to exchange information, experience and views on climate change among countries in Asia and

the Pacific and to facilitate further activities to address climate change in the region. The Asia and the

Pacific Regional Workshop on Article 6 of the Convention will contribute to the further development

and implementation of the New Delhi work programme on Article 6, and further endorsed by the COP

at its tenth session in December 2004. This workshop will also look at the specific concerns relating to

the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention by the Small Islands Developing States of the

Region. Those with special responsibility for and expertise in climate change education, training

and/or public awareness may send their names (with details of Organisation, Name, Title, Contact


Address and numbers with email id) to sanjay@climatenetwork.org by 3rd August, 2005 at CAN

International Secretariat. Please note that participants are responsible for making there own

arrangements of travel as there is no funding available with the CAN International Secretariat.

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5.3. The European Commission recently launched the consultation exercise on the Community

Strategic Guidelines. These Guidelines set out a framework for new programmes which will be

supported by the European Regional Development Funds (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and

the Cohesion Fund for the period 2007-2013. The Guidelines highlight the Community's priorities for

future funding. The Guidelines of the Cohesion Policy are available in all languages on this website:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/regional_policy/sources/docoffic/2007/osc/index_en.htm. The consultation

is intended to help find a response to the following questions: to what extent should new elements, if

any, be incorporated into cohesion policy to support the growth and jobs agenda and the Lisbon

process?; which elements do you consider to be top priority in pursuit of the growth and jobs agenda

and which elements do you consider to be less important or marginal to this agenda?; how can

cohesion policy help to achieve more balanced development, including building sustainable

communities in urban and rural areas?; to what extent can the territorial dimension play an important

role in cohesion policy and its support for the growth and jobs agenda? Comments should be sent to

regio-strategic-guidelines@cec.eu.int before 30 September.

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5.4. The new call of the LIFE programme is available at:

http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/environment/life/funding/index.htm.

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5.5. On-Going Project on the US Government Climate Change Budget

Professor Tom Brewer of the Georgetown University McDonough School of Business in Washington,

DC, and the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels has launched a web page with

charts, data, analyses, and links to resources for an on-going project. The title of the project is “The

Climate Change Budget Tracking and Analysis Project.” Research for the project began two years ago

and has yielded two papers thus far. The project was formally launched in 2005 to coincide with a

hearing on July 20th of the US Senate Commerce Committee’s Subcommittee on Global Climate

Change and Impacts - a hearing specifically focused on issues about the government budget for

climate change programs. The project materials will be up-dated three times during each annual

budget cycle. Interest in budget issues has increased in recent months - first, because of the several

climate change amendments to the Energy Bill that were submitted in the US Senate in June, and

then because of the G8 summit meeting in July and President Bush’s statements at that time about US

government spending. A file of materials - “The Climate Change Budget Tracking and Analysis Project”

- is available at

http://explore.georgetown.edu/faculty/index.cfm?Action=ViewPublications&NetID=brewert. An initial

paper from the project, previously announced in climate-l, is available at the CEPS web site at

http://www.ceps.be/Article.php?article_id=15.

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