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Annual Report 2003-2004 ? English version - Nipccd

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ANNUAL REPORT<br />

<strong>2003</strong>-04<br />

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC COOPERATION AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT


ANNUAL REPORT<br />

<strong>2003</strong>-04<br />

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC COOPERATION AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT


ANNUAL REPORT<br />

No. of Copies : 800<br />

Published by<br />

Director<br />

National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development<br />

5, Siri Institutional Area<br />

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110 016<br />

Designed & Printed by<br />

Chandu Press<br />

D-97, Shakarpur, Delhi-110 092


Chapter 1<br />

Chapter 2<br />

Chapter 3<br />

Chapter 4<br />

Chapter 5<br />

Chapter 6<br />

Chapter 7<br />

contents<br />

From the Director's Desk 1<br />

Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia 9<br />

Training Programmes under Project UDISHA 43<br />

Training/Meeting under other Projects 49<br />

Research/Evaluation Studies and other Projects 55<br />

Documentation and Publications 89<br />

Sponsored Programmes 95<br />

Organisation and Management 101<br />

Annexure 107<br />

Audit <strong>Report</strong> and <strong>Annual</strong> Accounts 139


From the Director's Desk


From the<br />

Director’s Desk<br />

I am happy to place before you the <strong>Annual</strong><br />

<strong>Report</strong> of the Institute for the year <strong>2003</strong>-04. The<br />

year gone by has witnessed several new<br />

initiatives in the programmes and activities of the<br />

Institute.<br />

With passage of time, when an institution<br />

attains maturation in terms of multiplicity of its<br />

activities, it tends to focus deeper into certain<br />

areas of its concerns. I feel, any organisation<br />

must occasionally recapitulate the rationale of its<br />

genesis, so as to rededicate its efforts towards<br />

its basic objectives. As we stand at the threshold<br />

of four decade of our existence it is time for reflection to<br />

take stock of our achievements and disappointments. At<br />

the outset, I, therefore, begin by briefly outlining the origin,<br />

mandate, structure and functions of the Institute.<br />

National Institute of Public Cooperation and<br />

Child Development (NIPCCD) is an autonomous body<br />

of the Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government<br />

of India. Set up in 1966, it continues to promote<br />

voluntary action in social development with a focus on<br />

need-based programmes for the holistic development<br />

of the child. The other concerns of the Institute’s include<br />

issues related to women empowerment and<br />

strengthening of women’s groups to create awareness<br />

about their rights, be it political, social, economic or<br />

health. In order to achieve these goals, the Institute<br />

conducts training and research activities on different<br />

aspects of public cooperation, child development and<br />

women empowerment. The Institute is also an apex<br />

body for training of functionaries of Integrated Child<br />

Development Services (ICDS) programme. It has also<br />

been acting as the Lead Training Agency (LTA) for<br />

Swashakti Project. The project is being funded by World<br />

Bank and aims at all round empowerment of women.<br />

Diverse training needs of the project have been met by<br />

NIPCCD by organising and coordinating training at<br />

various levels since inception of Swashakti in 1996. In<br />

view of our performance as LTA of Swashakti, the<br />

2<br />

Department of Women and Child Development has<br />

decided to entrust to NIPCCD the training tasks of<br />

Swayamsiddha, another empowerment programme for<br />

women launched in 2001.<br />

The great distinction of the Institute is its multi<br />

disciplinary team approach towards issues related to<br />

Women and Child Development for promoting their<br />

wellbeing. The interdisciplinary philosophy is the mainstay<br />

of NIPCCD and is supported by its faculty<br />

possessing expertise in several professional<br />

disciplines of social science. The activities of the<br />

Institute are carried through two Departments, namely<br />

Department of Mother and Child Care and the<br />

Department of Training and Common Services.<br />

Each Department is headed by an Additional Director<br />

as an administrative head who is responsible to give<br />

academic inputs to its activities. At present there are<br />

five programme divisions, namely, Public Cooperation,<br />

Child Development, Women’s Development, Training,<br />

and Monitoring and Evaluation each supervised by a<br />

Joint Director to plan and coordinate various academic<br />

activities such as research, training, documentation<br />

in the areas and themes within the purview of the<br />

respective divisions. The Documentation Centre of<br />

the Institute on Women and Children (DCWC) is a<br />

specialised documentation and reference centre,<br />

which disseminates information on children and<br />

women both within the country and abroad. The


Institute has four Regional Centres located at<br />

Bangalore, Guwahati, Lucknow and Indore, which<br />

cater to region-specific needs in training, research and<br />

consultancy in the areas of women empowerment,<br />

child development and voluntary action.<br />

The Institute has two main constitutional bodies<br />

namely the General Body and the Executive Council.<br />

While the onus of formulating overall policies of the<br />

Institute lies with the General Body, the Executive<br />

Council is responsible for management and<br />

administration of the Institute. Both these bodies<br />

comprise representatives from Government as well as<br />

voluntary organisations. The Minister of State for<br />

Human Resource Development, under whose control<br />

Department of Women and Child Development is<br />

placed, is the President of the General Body of the<br />

Institute. The President of the General Body is also the<br />

Chairman of the Executive Council.<br />

Training is one of the major functional<br />

interventions of the Institute towards achieving its<br />

mandate in the field of Women and Child Development.<br />

Every year it organises large number of training<br />

programmes besides seminars, workshops and meets<br />

to accomplish its objectives. A vast number of<br />

participants from government and voluntary sectors<br />

derive benefits from these programmes. These capacity<br />

building courses are aimed not only at enhancement of<br />

knowledge but also on skill building through practical<br />

exercises. During the year <strong>2003</strong>-04, the Institute<br />

organised 145 training programmes, seminars,<br />

workshops, meets etc. which were attended by 5870<br />

participants. The training programmes are conducted<br />

under three broad categories, namely, regular<br />

programmes (consisting of paid, unpaid and sponsored<br />

programmes), training of ICDS functionaries under<br />

UDISHA Project and training programmes under other<br />

projects. During the year <strong>2003</strong>-04, the Institute<br />

organised 95 programmes under the first category,<br />

which were attended by 4802 participants, 23<br />

programmes under the second category, attended by<br />

516 participants, and 27 programmes under the third<br />

category in which 552 trainees participated.<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

During the last few years the Institute<br />

experimented with organising paid courses,<br />

particularly the ones framed for the voluntary sector.<br />

The main reason behind this novel venture was to<br />

explore the possibility of using it as a measure of<br />

moving towards financial autonomy as also to<br />

ascertain if the particular course has a demand in the<br />

voluntary sector. However, the Institute also continued<br />

simultaneously organising its regular courses by<br />

charging a token registration fee. Institute’s experience<br />

in organisation of paid courses has not been very<br />

encouraging. At the realistic level, it was loud and clear<br />

that the clientele, which was brought under this<br />

initiative, i.e., the voluntary sector, is not a profitmaking<br />

one and thus had little or no funds to spare for<br />

deputing their functionaries for paid courses.<br />

Moreover, this worked as a formidable hindrance to<br />

one of the major mandates of the Institute i.e.<br />

promotion of voluntary action. Consequently,<br />

participation of voluntary sector in paid courses began<br />

to fall drastically thereby eroding the networking,<br />

interface and partnership between voluntary sector<br />

and the Institute. The Hon’ble Minister of State for<br />

Human Resource Development & Chairperson,<br />

NIPCCD reviewed the position and suggested that the<br />

Institute may revert back to its original mandate of<br />

organising regular training programmes for voluntary<br />

sector as in the past without charging any fee.<br />

The Institute however, during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong> has<br />

organised two paid courses on Planning and Designing<br />

Project Proposals and Fund Raising and Resource<br />

Management for functionaries of voluntary organisations,<br />

which were well received and attended.<br />

Under the sponsored programmes, the Institute<br />

organised 23 programmes, which were supported by<br />

various National and International agencies such as the<br />

World Food Programme (WFP), UNICEF, University<br />

Grants Commission, Indian Council of Social Sciences<br />

Research, Bureau of Police Research and Development,<br />

Karnataka Milk Federation, Directorate of Mahila<br />

Dairy Project, UP etc. The salient areas are given in<br />

the box.<br />

3


From the Director’s Desk<br />

The number of voluntary organisations receiving<br />

financial assistance and other resources from the<br />

government for implementing programmes and projects<br />

for the benefit of the community have been increasing<br />

during the last few decades. In order to build up a strong<br />

partnership between Government and Social Organisations<br />

it is imperative that both partners in social sector<br />

have opportunities to have a dialogue to develop mutual<br />

understanding and for forging strategies for meaningful<br />

collaboration and interface. In view of this, the Institute<br />

continued to organise State Level Seminars on Role of<br />

Voluntary Organisations, initiated during the year 2001.<br />

During the year under reporting, the Institute organised<br />

two such seminars. The first Seminar was organised at<br />

Dehradun, Uttaranchal (30-31 October <strong>2003</strong>), and was<br />

inaugurated by Shri N. D. Tiwari, Hon’ble Chief Minister,<br />

Uttaranchal; Smt. Jaskaur Meena, the-then Hon’ble<br />

Minister of State for HRD & Chairperson, NIPCCD was<br />

the Chief Guest in the inaugural session. Shri Chintu<br />

Nayak, Secretary, Department of Social Welfare, Women<br />

4<br />

SPONSORED PROGRAMMES<br />

1. Capacity Building of ICDS Manpower in Nutrition and Health<br />

2. Education and Monitoring and <strong>Report</strong>ing in WFP<br />

3. Orientation Course on Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 for Police Officers of Delhi<br />

SPONSORED TRAINING PROGRAMMES<br />

l Orientation Course on Research Methodology for the Faculty of Social Sciences of North- Eastern Region<br />

l Refresher Course on Project Formulation for Social Interventions: Application of Social Science Research<br />

Methods and Statistical Techniques<br />

l Orientation Workshops on Shishuinfo: A Data Base Software<br />

l Southern Regional Consultation on NPAC – <strong>2003</strong><br />

l Vertical Interaction Course on Gender Justice and Role of Police<br />

l Workshop on Uses of Communication Material for Awareness Generation Programme under STEP<br />

l Orientation Training for Assam Police Personnel on Community-Oriented and Child-Friendly Policing<br />

l Refresher Courses for Assam Police on Community-Oriented and Child-Friendly Policing<br />

l Orientation Training on Child Care and Nutrition for Project Staff of Directorate of Mahila Dairy Project, UP<br />

and Child Development, Government of Jharkhand<br />

inaugurated the second seminar held at Ranchi (13-14<br />

January, <strong>2004</strong>). In all, 304 representatives of voluntary<br />

organisations participated in these two seminars.<br />

The feedback from the District Level Orientation<br />

Workshop on Capacity Building of Voluntary<br />

Organisations organised from 17-18 May <strong>2003</strong> at Sawai<br />

Madhopur (Rajasthan) indicated that voluntary<br />

organisations lack appropriate skills and competence to<br />

formuluate project proposals. In pursuance of this, the<br />

Institute organised two Courses on Project Formulation<br />

and Management Skills on 29 and 30 July, <strong>2003</strong><br />

and 3-5 March <strong>2004</strong> respectively at its Headquarters in<br />

New Delhi.<br />

In our continued efforts towards capacity building of<br />

voluntary organisations, the Institute organised a five-day<br />

Training on Good Governance in Voluntary<br />

Organisations (23-27 February <strong>2004</strong>) followed by Training<br />

on Planning, Execution and Evaluation of Programmes


(31 March-2 April <strong>2004</strong>). These programmes covered skills<br />

related to various aspects of the functioning of a voluntary<br />

organisation.<br />

Department of Women and Child Development<br />

and many other Departments and Ministries of<br />

Government of India have schemes that are targeted at<br />

women and children. However, information about such<br />

schemes/programmes is often not available and<br />

accessible to voluntary organisations working in remote<br />

parts of the country. With this in view, the Institute<br />

organised an Orientation Workshop for Sensitisation<br />

of State Officials on Governmental Programmes and<br />

Schemes (6-8 August <strong>2003</strong>) with the objective that these<br />

officials would support and encourage voluntary action<br />

by disseminating the information and soliciting<br />

participation of voluntary organisations.<br />

In our efforts to expand guidance and counselling<br />

services to wider, concerned sections these services have<br />

been extended to the Regional Centres of the Institute<br />

located at Bangalore, Guwahati and Lucknow. The Child<br />

Guidance Centres (CGCs) at Regional Centres of<br />

Bangalore, Guwahati and Lucknow. The CGCs at Regional<br />

Centres of Bangalore, Guwahati and Lucknow became<br />

operational during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>. Smt. Jaskaur Meena, thethen<br />

Hon’ble Minister of State for Human Resource<br />

Development inaugurated the CGC at Regional Centre,<br />

Bangalore on 11 September <strong>2003</strong>. Smt. Motamma, Hon’ble<br />

Minister of Women and Child Development, Government<br />

of Karnataka also graced the occasion. The Institute is also<br />

in the process of starting an Advanced Diploma in Child<br />

Guidance and Counselling during <strong>2004</strong>-2005 to contribute<br />

further in the area of Child Guidance and Centre. The<br />

operational details of the Diploma programme were finalised<br />

in a Workshop from 19-21 May <strong>2003</strong>. The main objectives<br />

of the workshop were to discuss and finalise the structure<br />

of the programme in the light of the market survey and peer<br />

feedback of the curriculum and further to evolve operational<br />

details for launching of the Diploma, including fee structures,<br />

eligibility criteria and admission process.<br />

The Institute recognises the fact that adolescence<br />

is a distinct and dynamic phase of development in the<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

lifecycle of an individual and the suddenness and the<br />

rapid pace with which changes take place during this stage<br />

result in numerous problems for adolescents. These<br />

problems of adolescents are compounded and<br />

complicated further by families and schools where no<br />

support is available to them to cope with these problems.<br />

This often leads to high drop out rate, academic failure,<br />

aggression, suicides, risky sexual behaviour, trauma and<br />

other psychological and behavioural problems. Viewed in<br />

this context, the Institute considered it appropriate to set<br />

up an Adolescent Guidance Services Centre at its<br />

Headquarters in New Delhi. The Centre has been<br />

established with specific purpose to serve as a model<br />

centre for adolescent development.<br />

On the occasion of celebration of Universal<br />

Children’s Day on 14 November <strong>2003</strong>, Dr. Murli Manohar<br />

Joshi, the-then Hon’ble Minister of Human Resource<br />

Development released two books titled Programmes of<br />

Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Government of India (a set of 36 booklets) and Schemes<br />

in Government of India for Development and Welfare of<br />

Children. Smt. Jaskaur Meena, Hon’ble Minister of State<br />

for Human Resource Development also graced the<br />

occasion. These publications were compiled by the faculty<br />

of the Institute. We hope our consolidated efforts in the<br />

area of guidance and counselling would lead to positive<br />

outcomes in years to come both for the community and<br />

the development and counselling as a profession.<br />

At the instance of Hon’ble Minister of State for<br />

Human Resource Development, four Regional Centres<br />

of the Institute located at Bangalore, Guwahati, Lucknow<br />

and Indore, in collaboration with Governments of the<br />

States/UTs coming under their jurisdiction, celebrated<br />

Universal Children’s Day on 14 November <strong>2003</strong> in a<br />

unique manner. The opinions and perceptions of children<br />

as well as their expectations from their parents, society<br />

and the Government were elicited in a participatory<br />

manner. A 56 metre long khadi cloth symbolising 56 years<br />

of Independence of the Country was kept at a place<br />

where State Governments were celebrating Children’s<br />

Day. Children from all walks of life participated in the<br />

activity of expressing their views on the cloth. This activity<br />

5


From the Director’s Desk<br />

was carried out simultaneously with other activities such<br />

as quiz painting competitions, exhibition, book fare etc.<br />

Faculty Members from the Regional Centres of NIPCCD<br />

took part in the celebrations and provided overall<br />

guidance and supervision and facilitated the process of<br />

writing on the cloth by the children. A similar event was<br />

organised at Bal Bhavan, New Delhi as well. The mega<br />

event of Delhi was witnessed by prominent dignitaries<br />

including Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi, the-then Hon’ble<br />

Minister of Human Resource Development and Smt.<br />

Jaskaur Meena, the-then Hon’ble Minister of State for<br />

Human Resource Development. The views expressed<br />

by children were collated and analysed by psychologists.<br />

Interesting insights emerged from the analysis of these<br />

views. These have revealed certain unmet expectations<br />

children have from parents and society at large which<br />

need to be taken seriously. A report on these events has<br />

been brought out.<br />

The General Body of the Institute in its meeting<br />

held on 27th May <strong>2003</strong>, suggested that the Institute<br />

may develop training modules on issues of importance.<br />

As a follow-up of the suggestion, several modules were<br />

developed: Gender Training Module on Empowerment;<br />

Counselling for Functionaries of Child Care Institutes;<br />

Health and Nutrition of Young Children and Women;<br />

Prevention of Trafficking of Women and Children;<br />

Holistic Development of Adolescent Girls; and<br />

Management of Child Care Services. We hope other<br />

institutions and NGOs would use these illustrative<br />

modules for training purposes.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-04, through five courses 113<br />

CDPOs and ACDPOs were trained in programmes<br />

organised by the Headquarters and its Regional Centres<br />

at Bangalore, Guwahati and Lucknow. Also, 43 CDPOs<br />

received Refresher Training in two programmes<br />

organised at Regional Centre, Guwahati.<br />

The Institute is in process of finalising the draft<br />

Handbook for AWWs, which was pre-tested in a oneday<br />

Workshop organised on 13 September <strong>2003</strong> at<br />

Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan. The Handbook is being<br />

revised on the basis of suggestions and feedback<br />

6<br />

received in the workshop. The manuscripts in Hindi and<br />

<strong>English</strong> are in the final stages of completion. It is an<br />

initiative document written in simple reader-friendly<br />

manner.<br />

The Institute organised a One-Day Interactive<br />

Workshop for Quality Improvement of ICDS in Districts<br />

of Karauli, Dossa and Sawai Madhopur on 11 February<br />

<strong>2004</strong> at Sri Mahaveerji, Rajasthan. The main objectives<br />

of the programme were to assess the status of ICDS<br />

programme and delivery of services; discuss the<br />

problems and constraints in implementing ICDS<br />

programme; and suggest ways and means of improving<br />

the quality of the ICDS programme. The workshop was<br />

inaugurated by Shri Anurag Bhardwaj, Director,<br />

Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Government of Rajasthan and was attended by 500 ICDS<br />

functionaries comprising AWWs, Supervisors, CDPOs<br />

and Deputy Directors from 3 Districts, Senior State<br />

Officials from Department of Women and Child<br />

Development, Government of Rajasthan, and NIPCCD<br />

faculty. The proceedings of the workshop resulted in<br />

identifying the problems faced by ICDS functionaries in<br />

implementing the programme and developing actionbased<br />

strategies for its quality improvement.<br />

In our efforts to bring quality improvement in ICDS<br />

training and to upgrade training competence of our own<br />

faculty particularly to implement the revised training<br />

curriculum, an “Orientation Training Programme on<br />

Use of Revised Curriculum for ICDS Functionaries<br />

and Trainers” was organised from 14-16 January <strong>2004</strong>;<br />

15 faculty members from NIPCCD - seven from<br />

Headquarters, and six from Regional Centres<br />

participated.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-04, Shri K. D. Joshi, Vice-<br />

Chairperson, NIPCCD visited a number of Anganwadi<br />

Training Centres in the States of Himachal Pradesh,<br />

Karnataka, Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan.<br />

Anganwadi workers got the opportunity to be apprised<br />

of the process and stages of child development, social<br />

issues and problems concerning children and women<br />

including foeticides and infanticide, child abuse, and care


of pregnant women. Shri Joshi also organised an<br />

Orientation Workshop for CDPOs, DPOs and other<br />

Officials dealing with Women and Child Development of<br />

Andhra Pradesh at Hyderabad.<br />

Childline continued to be an important focused<br />

area of the Institute’s Regional Centres at Lucknow and<br />

Guwahati which function as its “Nodal Organisation” in<br />

their respective regions in the conduct of this service.<br />

The task is being carried out with support from the Ministry<br />

of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Institute is<br />

thus able to be in direct touch with the problems being<br />

faced by children in extremely difficult circumstances who<br />

use Childline.<br />

The Institute continued its efforts for strengthening<br />

the capabilities of its faculty by deputing them to various<br />

training programmes/seminars/workshops organised by<br />

reputed professional institutions/organisations in India and<br />

abroad. During <strong>2003</strong>-04, faculty members were sent to<br />

attend training programmes organised by MASHAV Centre<br />

for International Cooperation, Jerusalem, Israel. Dr. Om<br />

Raj Singh, Assistant Director attended Workshop on<br />

Distance Education – Principles, Methodology and<br />

Frameworks; Dr. M. S. Tara, Deputy Director and Shri K.<br />

C. George, Training Manager (LTA-SSP) attended<br />

Workshop on Women Entrepreneur at a time of<br />

Technological Changes. Smt. Meenakshi Sood, Assistant<br />

Director participated in the Training Programme on Gender<br />

and Development organised by the SAARC Human<br />

Resource Development Centre at Islamabad, Pakistan.<br />

Smt. Pritam Sandhu, Deputy Director attended a Workshop<br />

on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR)<br />

organised by National Human Rights Commission at<br />

Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA), New Delhi.<br />

Ms. Parul Srivastav, Research Assistant took part in the<br />

First International Conference on Autism and a PECS<br />

training workshop in New Delhi. She also participated in a<br />

one-day seminar on Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in<br />

New Delhi. Dr. D. D. Pandey attended a Meeting on<br />

Implementing Best Practices in Improving Reproductive<br />

Health at Agra. Dr. P. Krishnamoorthy, Deputy Director<br />

attended a Regional Colloquium on Infant Feeding and<br />

HIV in New Delhi. Dr. Neelam Bhatia and Dr. P.<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Krishnamoorthy, both Deputy Director, attended a Training<br />

Course on Asia Pacific Conference on Breastfeeding and<br />

National Convention on BPNI in New Delhi. Dr. Bhatia<br />

also attended an Orientation of BPNI Trainers on Infant<br />

Feeding Counselling in Special Situations - HIV in Delhi.<br />

Dr. Alka Arya, Assistant Director was deputed for a<br />

Workshop on Empowerment and Status of Women<br />

organised by Himalayan Region Study and Research<br />

Institute at Gangtok. Smt. Manju Khanna, Research<br />

Assistant attended a Working Group Meeting to<br />

Reformulate the 2-year Curriculum on Creche and Preschool<br />

Management into Modular Curriculum for a Short<br />

Duration Vocational Course organised by Pandit Sunderlal<br />

Sharma Central Institute of Vocational Education at<br />

Bhopal. Shri Chander Mohan, Research Assistant was<br />

deputed for a Course on Training Techniques for Faculty<br />

Members, Training Managers/Coordinators at Nanital.<br />

During <strong>2003</strong>-04, several new appointments were<br />

made. Dr. Rajesh Mishra and Shri Pandula J. Phillip were<br />

appointed as Assistant Director in Regional Centre,<br />

Indore. Shri Gopal Dutt was appointed as Assistant<br />

Administrative Officer in Regional Centre, Lucknow, Shri<br />

Krishna Bansi as Section Officer in Regional Centre,<br />

Guwahati and Shri D. Krishna Rao was appointed as<br />

Section Officer in Regional Centre, Indore on deputation<br />

basis. Shri Chander Kant was appointed as Accounts<br />

Clerk in Regional Centre Indore. Shri Ashok Kumar<br />

Mahawar and Smt. Rachel Jacob were appointed as<br />

Helper on compassionate grounds in Regional Centre<br />

Lucknow and Headquarters respectively.<br />

During the year, Dr. Sheesh Ram Sharma was<br />

promoted to the post of Assistant Director. Smt. Rekha<br />

Juneja was promoted as Hindi Officer, Shri P. K. Dahiya<br />

as Stenographer Grade I and Shri A. S. Mehta as<br />

Assistant Administrative Officer. The other staff who were<br />

promoted to various capacities include Smt. Vijay<br />

Kaushik as Sr. Hindi Translator, Shri Hans Raj as<br />

Technical Assistant, Library, Shri N. C. Yadav, Staff Car<br />

Driver Grade II, Shri Gopal Dutt as Assistant, Shri Rajesh<br />

Bhatnagar, Shri Surinder Singh and Shri Poonam Singh<br />

Bhandari as UDCs. Smt. Sulochana Vasudevan Project<br />

Director (LTA-SSP) was awarded Ph.D. Degree by<br />

7


From the Director’s Desk<br />

Mother Teresa Women’s University, Kodaikanal. Her<br />

thesis was on “A Study of the Scheme of Early Childhood<br />

Care and Education in Andhra Pradesh”.<br />

The year witnessed several retirements this year.<br />

The faculty and staff who retired were: Shri M. S. Yadav,<br />

Assistant Director, Smt. Neera Kaura, Hindi Officer, Smt.<br />

Daljeet Kaur, Research Assistant, Shri Mehfooz Ali,<br />

Helper, Shri Massia, Safai Karamchari, Shri Mahendra<br />

Mandal, Helper and Shri Hari Chand, Helper. Shri M. S.<br />

Yadav, Assistant Director, Smt. Sankari Devi, Safai<br />

Karamchari and Shri Karam Chand, Helper were given<br />

Assured Career Promotion benefits.<br />

On behalf of the Institute I wish to express my deep<br />

gratitude to President Smt. Jaskaur Meena, Vice Presidents<br />

Dr. (Smt.) Manorama Patwardhan and Shri Bharat Singh<br />

Meena; Smt. Kasturi Gupta Menon, Secretary, Department<br />

of Women and Child Development and Vice Chairperson<br />

Shri K. D. Joshi for their guidance and support. We also<br />

8<br />

express our thanks to the distinguished members of the<br />

General Body, Executive Council, Regional Committees and<br />

Core Group who have contributed their time and valuable<br />

advice to the Institute. We are thankful to the professionals,<br />

experts, social workers, and representatives of technical<br />

institutions and non-governmental organisations for their<br />

assistance and cooperation in the programmes and activities<br />

of the Institute. We are grateful to the Department of Women<br />

and Child Development, Government of India, State<br />

Governments, World Bank, UNICEF, WFP for their<br />

continued support to the Institute. Smt. Veena S. Rao,<br />

formerly Joint Secretary, Department of Women and Child<br />

Development who also held charge of the Institute as<br />

Director during the year deserves our special thanks for<br />

her valuable contributions to the Institute’s functioning. Last<br />

but not the least, I would also like to place on record the<br />

appreciation for faculty and staff of the Institute who were<br />

responsible for achievements in various areas of Institute’s<br />

activities.<br />

(Adarsh Sharma)<br />

Director


one<br />

Training/Consultation<br />

Meets/Symposia


Training/Consultation<br />

Meets/Symposia<br />

The Institute conducts training programmes under<br />

three broad categories, namely, regular training<br />

programmes, training of ICDS functionaries and training<br />

programmes under other projects. It organises<br />

orientation/training courses for representatives of<br />

voluntary organisations and officials of government<br />

departments engaged in implementation of programmes<br />

of child development/welfare and women empowerment.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, against a target of organising<br />

35 programmes for 875 participants, the Institute<br />

organised 95 programmes attended by 4802 participants.<br />

The highlights of some of the important programmes are<br />

given below.<br />

Regular Programmes<br />

A. FEE CHARGING PAID PROGRAMMES<br />

Planning and Designing Project Proposals<br />

Proper formulation and management of<br />

programmes is one of the key areas which calls for<br />

certain skills in the functionaries who are responsible<br />

for designing the project. It is felt that skill-oriented<br />

training in project planning and designing<br />

can help functionaries of voluntary<br />

organisations in making a realistic<br />

assessment of social situation, develop<br />

a perspective for need-based<br />

programmes and identify effective<br />

strategies for implementation within the<br />

An interactive session of training on Planning & Designing of Project<br />

Proposals; in left are Shri Subhasis Ray, Asst. Director, Dr. Dinesh Paul,<br />

Jt. Director and other faculty; participants are in right.<br />

10<br />

viable resources, thereby enhancing their capabilities<br />

in better management of the project. In view of this,<br />

the Institute organised a five-day Training on Planning<br />

and Designing Project Proposals as part of a series<br />

of training programmes on capacity building of voluntary<br />

organisations. The training programme focused on<br />

areas such as understanding a project; need for a<br />

project proposal; major components and steps in<br />

preparation of a project proposal; framing objectives<br />

and planning activities; working out action plan and use<br />

of scheduling techniques; planning resource<br />

requirements; estimating financial requirements;<br />

mechanisms for review of progress; working out<br />

strategies for sustainability of a project.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

27.10.<strong>2003</strong>-31.10.<strong>2003</strong> 13 New Delhi<br />

Fund Raising and Resource Management<br />

Voluntary organisations generally depend on<br />

financial support from Government or external aid,<br />

which is not sufficient to meet the running cost of the<br />

programme it has initiated or to expand and develop<br />

the work of the organisation further. The size of the grant<br />

is generally modest and closely tied to deliverables<br />

leaving little scope to initiate programme on a<br />

sustainable basis. Hence, voluntary organisations<br />

should ideally be looking out for fund raising<br />

opportunities in order to effectively reduce their donor<br />

dependence and attain a critical level of self-reliance<br />

for long-term sustainability of their activities and<br />

institutions. While enhancing its resource base through<br />

fund raising techniques, it is equally important for an<br />

organisation to be able to use them strategically and<br />

manage the resources effectively. Keeping the above<br />

in view, the Institute organised a five-day Training on<br />

Fund Raising and Resource Management. The<br />

course content broadly covered fund raising : what and<br />

why?; fund raising techniques; raising funds through<br />

corporate sector; strategies for raising funds to manage<br />

emergency situations in the society; strategies for


A session of Training on Fund Raising and Resource Management<br />

in progress.<br />

mobilising resources from the community and<br />

individuals; getting started for fund raising at low budget;<br />

selecting and planning a fund<br />

raising strategy based on<br />

organisational SWOT<br />

analysis; developing and<br />

maintaining sustainable<br />

relationships with donors;<br />

legal and financial aspects in fund raising; evaluating<br />

fund raising campaigns and utilising and managing<br />

funds collected through various methods/sources.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

29.12.<strong>2003</strong>-01.01.<strong>2004</strong> 16 New Delhi<br />

B. NO-FEE AND UNPAID TRAINING<br />

PROGRAMMES<br />

Healthy Environment for Children<br />

Every year over 5 million children aged 0-14 years<br />

die because of diseases related to their environments.<br />

These deaths can be prevented. The risks to children in<br />

their everyday environment are numerous. The biggest<br />

threat to children’s health lurks in the very places that<br />

should be safest i.e. home, school and community. But<br />

there are six groups of environmental health hazards that<br />

must be tackled as priority issues – household water<br />

security, lack of hygiene and poor sanitation, air pollution,<br />

vector-borne diseases, chemical injuries and<br />

unintentional injuries (accidents). These risks exacerbate<br />

the effects of economic under development in<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

communities leading to disadvantaged, deprivation and<br />

bulk of environment related deaths and diseases among<br />

children.<br />

In congruence with the above, the Institute<br />

celebrated the World Health Week at its Regional Centre<br />

located at Guwahati on the theme ‘Shape the Future of<br />

Life: Healthy Environment for Children’. The objective<br />

was to raise awareness of children, family and country<br />

at large about healthy environment and its link with health.<br />

The celebrations focused on health and the related topics<br />

such as drinking water, sanitation and personal hygiene,<br />

safety, balanced diet, nutrition of children, environmental<br />

pollution etc.<br />

The multifarious activities planned for the weeklong<br />

celebration sought active participation of children,<br />

parents, health workers, NGOs, Department of<br />

Environment, Rural Development, Health, etc. These<br />

activities included discussion and discourse on the<br />

above topics, which was followed by question and<br />

answer session, a quiz, evaluation of quiz with the help<br />

of children and presentation of highlights. An<br />

observational visit to Guwahati Municipal Corporation’s<br />

Water Filtration and Purification Plant<br />

culminated into development of a project by children<br />

on the subject. A visit to the zoo at Guwahati provided<br />

an ideal locale for conducting painting competition<br />

and for holding a talk on ‘Effects of Deforestation and<br />

Environmental Awareness’.<br />

The demonstration on World Health Day is just a part of the Institute,<br />

concern for creating a healthy environment for children.<br />

11


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

Campaign on Creating Healthy Environment for<br />

Children was organised in collaboration with local NGOs/<br />

Youth Clubs. The other activities for children included<br />

screening of films, demonstrations, exhibition,<br />

debate, poster making competition, puppet shows,<br />

etc. There were some activities such as health camps,<br />

fancy dress competition, puppet shows, etc. lined up<br />

for pre-school children as well. Some of the other<br />

activities with active involvement of children included<br />

cleanliness drive by Scouts and Guides, interviewing the<br />

public and peer group on their perception about creating<br />

healthy environment for children. The culmination of<br />

different activities was undertaken by Regional Centre,<br />

Guwahati was on 7 April <strong>2003</strong> in the form of display of<br />

activities performed, prize distribution and sharing of<br />

experiences by children on the week-long celebration.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

01.04.<strong>2003</strong>-07.04.<strong>2003</strong> 1203 Guwahati<br />

This was followed by a Symposium of experts on<br />

the subject. The objectives of the symposium were to<br />

update knowledge; creating awareness about the special<br />

vulnerability of children; promote recognition of the main<br />

hazards related to health of children in the home, school<br />

and community; and suggest modalities for mobilising<br />

effective strategies for creating healthy environment for<br />

children.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

07.04.<strong>2003</strong> 50 Guwahati<br />

Diploma on Child Guidance and Counselling<br />

In view of lack of mental health professionals to<br />

work in the area of child guidance and counselling, the<br />

Institute planned to develop an Advanced Diploma on<br />

Child Guidance and Counselling. A core group was<br />

constituted to finalise and firm up the curriculum. With<br />

this in view, the Institute organised a Workshop for<br />

Finalising the Operational Details of Advanced<br />

Diploma on Child Guidance and Counselling. The<br />

participants of the workshop were members of the core<br />

group and the concerned faculty from NIPCCD. The<br />

12<br />

specific objectives of the Workshop were to finalise the<br />

content and structure of Advanced Diploma and to evolve<br />

operational details related to launching of the Diploma.<br />

The curriculum was critically analysed keeping in view<br />

the findings of the Market Survey and peer review of the<br />

draft curriculum. The outcome of the Workshop was<br />

modification of the curriculum with respect to the (i) Vision<br />

(ii) Perspective (iii) Objectives (iv) Eligibility and Selection<br />

Criteria (v) Structure, Sequence and Calendar of the<br />

Programme and (vi) Evaluation. The organisational<br />

details related to strategies of organising field work and<br />

supervision for the same were discussed at length.<br />

Practical fieldwork training, centralised clinical<br />

supervision and individual mentorship were agreed upon<br />

to be basic features of the training of functionaries. The<br />

revised programme was sent to National Institute of<br />

Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS),<br />

Bangalore for review and concurrence for transaction of<br />

the programme on pilot basis. The programme was<br />

endorsed by NIMHANS.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

19.05.<strong>2003</strong>-21.05.<strong>2003</strong> 06 Faridabad<br />

Health and Nutrition of the Young Child and<br />

Women<br />

Voluntary organisations have been playing a<br />

significant role in promoting, supplementing and<br />

supporting the nutrition and health-related activities of<br />

the government. They not only support but also reach<br />

inaccessible areas in a better way because of their<br />

commitment to the cause of the needy. In order to<br />

enhance the capabilities of functionaries of voluntary<br />

organisations in dealing with the health and nutritional<br />

needs of community, especially of the vulnerable groups,<br />

the Institute organised an Orientation Course for<br />

Personnel of Voluntary Organisations in Health and<br />

Nutrition of the Young Child and<br />

Women. The contents of the<br />

course broadly included health and<br />

nutritional status of women and<br />

children; programmes for women<br />

and children - ICDS and RCH;


<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

health check-up and referral services for<br />

women and children with special reference<br />

to ante-natal and post-natal care; critical<br />

issues in health and nutrition – maternal<br />

nutrition; low birth weight babies; infant and<br />

young child feeding; child bearing and<br />

gender bias in health and nutrition;<br />

identification, management and prevention<br />

of common nutritional deficiency diseases<br />

- Vitamin A deficiency, iron deficiency<br />

(anaemia) and iodine deficiency diseases;<br />

need and importance of growth monitoring<br />

and promotion; common childhood<br />

diseases and immunisation; diarrhoea<br />

management; personal hygiene and<br />

Inaugural session of Training on Health and Nutrition of the Young Child and Women,<br />

on the dias are Smt. VS Rao, Jt. Secretary DWCD, Dr. AK Gopal, Addl. Director.<br />

environmental sanitation; prioritisation of health & inability of families to sustain adequate growth in the<br />

nutrition issues; need and importance of nutrition and young child has been found to largely stem from<br />

health education (NHE); strategies in effective inappropriate feeding practices; preventable maternal<br />

communication; an orientation to PLA techniques and deficiencies, bouts of infection/diseases; inequities of<br />

developing health and nutrition messages.<br />

purchasing power in some cases and insufficient food to<br />

fulfil energy requirements; inadequate food intake even<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

in households with enough food and insufficient<br />

09.02.<strong>2004</strong>-13.02.<strong>2004</strong> 23 New Delhi<br />

knowledge of food and skills for caring, promoting and<br />

sustaining growth of their children. Thus the focus has<br />

Nutrition and Health Education<br />

to shift to an appreciation of how families establish<br />

The wide prevalence of malnutrition and micro command over food and health care, acquire and apply<br />

nutrient deficiencies is rampant both in women and knowledge on child caring and rearing practices, allocate<br />

children in our country. It cuts across all sections of time to look after children and protect the cleanliness<br />

the society which points out to the fact that there is and safety of the environment. The importance of NHE<br />

lack of knowledge about healthy nutritional practices as a means for improving the health status of the<br />

more than new availability or access to food that community in developing countries has been increasingly<br />

contributes to the poor nutritional status of women and realised during recent years. It is the foundation of any<br />

children. Thus, health and nutrition education is an programme intended for nutritional improvement and is<br />

important area of concern for the Institute, in a very dynamic area. Its concepts require reinforcing<br />

pursuance of which a series of training programmes and updating regularly with the latest information.<br />

were organised in the area of Nutrition and Health<br />

Education during the reporting year.<br />

The Institute organised four Orientation Training<br />

Courses on Nutrition and Health Education/Care for<br />

It is widely acknowledged that the functionaries of voluntary organisations with an objective<br />

nutritional status of the people is an outcome to build capacities of front line workers to impart NHE to<br />

of complex and interrelated set of factors. community members. The course content broadly included<br />

Malnutrition is no longer linked with food an overview on nutritional and health status of children,<br />

availability and income alone. The<br />

adolescent girl and women in India; national programmes<br />

13


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

Participants of training course on Nutrition and Health Education<br />

deliberating with faculty.<br />

and schemes to promote health and nutritional status of<br />

women and children (ICDS and RCH); nutritional needs<br />

of vulnerable groups (infant, child, adolescent girl and<br />

women); common nutritional deficiency diseases and their<br />

prevention and management; dietary guidelines for<br />

pregnant and lactating women, infant, children and<br />

adolescent girl; critical issues in nutrition and health;<br />

common childhood diseases and immunisation; need and<br />

importance of growth monitoring; promotion and protection<br />

of infant and young child feeding; importance of hygiene,<br />

sanitation and safe drinking water in the prevention and<br />

management of diarrhoea; need and importance of NHE;<br />

prioritisation of health and nutrition issues requiring<br />

awareness generation; strategies for effective<br />

communication and an orientation to PLA techniques.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

16.02.<strong>2004</strong> –20.02.<strong>2004</strong> 29 New Delhi<br />

01.03.<strong>2004</strong>-05.03.<strong>2004</strong> 45 Bangalore<br />

22.03.<strong>2004</strong>-26.03.<strong>2004</strong> 16 Lucknow<br />

15.03.<strong>2004</strong>-24.03.<strong>2004</strong> 25 Guwahati<br />

Similarly, the Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

organised a Skill Training Programme on Nutrition<br />

and Health Education for Social Organisations in<br />

Tribal Areas of North-Eastern Region. The content<br />

of the programme broadly covered health and nutritional<br />

status of women and children in NE Region with special<br />

reference to tribal areas; introduction to foods and<br />

nutrition; nutritional requirements of women and<br />

14<br />

children; care during antenatal, natal and post-natal<br />

period; infant and young child feeding practices;<br />

nutritional deficiency diseases; common childhood<br />

diseases and ailments; effect of HIV/AIDS on health<br />

status of women and children in NE Region; identifying<br />

the problems of NHE by using survey; steps and<br />

methods in imparting NHE; need and importance of<br />

effective communication in imparting NHE; role of social<br />

organisations in imparting NHE etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

15.09.<strong>2003</strong>-24.09.<strong>2004</strong> 36 Guwahati<br />

The Regional Centre, Indore organised a threeday<br />

Nutrition Awareness Campaign with Focus on<br />

Needs of Pregnancy and Introduction of Supplementary<br />

Feeding in Children of Tribals in Madhya<br />

Pradesh in collaboration with Department of Women<br />

and Child Development, Government of Madhya<br />

Pradesh. The participants comprising ICDS and health<br />

functionaries, representatives of Gram Panchayats,<br />

social organisations and adolescent girls participated<br />

in the programme. The main objectives of the<br />

campaign were to acquaint the participants about the<br />

importance of nutrition specially during pregnancy of<br />

women and supplementary nutrition of children above<br />

6 months for physical and mental development of tribal<br />

children and pregnant women; educate and sensitise<br />

the participants about intake of balanced diet from the<br />

existing local food varieties; clear misconceptions<br />

about food intake, non-food factors related to health,<br />

climate, sanitation and environment; and inform them<br />

about various schemes/nutrition programmes being<br />

run by the State Government / NGOs at various levels.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

24.06.<strong>2003</strong>-26.06.<strong>2003</strong> 83 Dhar<br />

Infant and Young Child Feeding<br />

The National Nutrition Policy adopted by the<br />

Government of India under the aegis of the Department<br />

of Women and Child Development in 1993 lays due<br />

emphasis on nutrition and health education of mothers


View of District Level Workshop on Infant and Young Child Feeding<br />

onganised by Indore Centre in collaboration with DWCD MP and<br />

UNICEF, Bhopal.<br />

on infant and young child feeding. Further, appropriate<br />

behavioural changes among the mothers are considered<br />

as direct interventions for reducing malnutrition in<br />

children. The Government of India has always been<br />

promoting at the national and international fora exclusive<br />

breastfeeding for the first six months and introduction of<br />

complementary foods thereafter with continued<br />

breastfeeding up to two years which is consistent with<br />

the Indian tradition of prolonged breastfeeding and<br />

introduction of complementary foods after six months of<br />

age through an ‘Annaprashan ceremony.’<br />

Optimal infant feeding, therefore, is crucial for the<br />

healthy growth and development of the infant. However,<br />

lack of confidence and widespread ignorance and<br />

misconceptions frequently result in improper<br />

management of infant feeding. Many practices still exist<br />

in the communities that are not appropriate, including<br />

delayed start of breast feeding, giving some food or fluid<br />

to the baby before straying to breast feed, giving<br />

animal milk/tinned milk to baby who is less than<br />

six months. There is unnecessary utilisation of<br />

commercial infant milk foods and animal milk at<br />

the expense of mother’s milk. These inept feeding<br />

practices, directly or indirectly, contribute<br />

substantially to infectious illnesses, malnutrition<br />

and mortality in infants. Keeping these in view,<br />

the Regional Centre, Indore organised a<br />

District Level Workshop on Infant and<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Young Child Feeding in collaboration with District<br />

Women and Child Development Office, Indore. The<br />

broad contents of the workshop were nutrition and health<br />

with special reference to life cycle in adolescents;<br />

situational analysis of women and children with reference<br />

to health and nutrition and social problems; health and<br />

nutritional programmes for women and children;<br />

programme on bal sanjivani and mother and child;<br />

antenatal and post-natal care and care of newborn;<br />

supplementary feeding and child care; and other tribalspecific<br />

issues related to mother and child.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

06.09.<strong>2003</strong> 57 Indore<br />

Participatory Approach and Social Marketing<br />

Techniques in Nutrition and Health Education<br />

Majority of our population lives in rural areas and<br />

has very limited literacy skills. The literacy level of women<br />

and girls is lower than that of men in rural and tribal areas,<br />

which poses a communication challenge in reaching<br />

women and adolescent girls for health and nutrition<br />

education. The plethora of reading material generated<br />

for nutrition and health education may not be appropriate<br />

while approaching illiterate groups of women and<br />

adolescent girls. Thus, the functionaries of NGOs require<br />

knowledge and skills to reach such population groups<br />

through alternate training methodology. In order to<br />

strengthen the process of capacity building of women<br />

and adolescent girls to take care of their own and their<br />

families’ health and nutrition needs, it would be essential<br />

to enhance the training inputs into the training activities<br />

being undertaken by the NGOs across the country, in<br />

addition to the endeavours under UDISHA Programme,<br />

reaching out to women and adolescent girls through the<br />

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). PLA<br />

techniques and social marketing approaches provide<br />

appropriate solutions to the problems at the field level.<br />

While we are in the process of capacity building<br />

through the UDISHA Programme in the case of ICDS<br />

functionaries imparting nutrition and health education,<br />

there is a need to organise capacity building programmes<br />

for the functionaries of NGOs reaching women and<br />

15


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

adolescent girls for nutrition and health education.<br />

Accordingly, the Institute organised a training programme<br />

on Capacity Building of NGOs in Adopting Participatory<br />

Approach and Social Marketing Techniques<br />

in Nutrition and Health Education. The programme<br />

content broadly covered the situational analysis of health<br />

and nutrition of women and children in the Indian context;<br />

meeting health and nutrition needs of women and<br />

children through life cycle approach; sharing of field<br />

experiences in health and nutrition intervention; policies<br />

and programmes to promote health and nutrition of<br />

women and children and the role of international agencies<br />

and NGOs in health and nutrition interventions. The<br />

technical sessions covered the use of participatory<br />

methods in health and nutrition education, case studies<br />

related to health and nutrition, resource mobilisation,<br />

networking, and usage of PLA techniques and tools for<br />

health and nutrition education. The practical sessions<br />

related to development of Plan of Action for communitybased<br />

health and nutrition interventions for adolescent<br />

health, equal opportunities in nutrition and health for the<br />

girl child and prevention of RTIs/ STIs/ HIV/ AIDS among<br />

adolescent girls and women. The field work in rural areas<br />

related to testing the Plans of Action on the selected<br />

themes using participatory methodology.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

29.03.<strong>2004</strong>-02.04.<strong>2004</strong> 26 Bangalore<br />

Management of Creche Services<br />

With increased participation of women in the work<br />

force, providing day care and creche services as support<br />

services for them has become imperative. In the last few<br />

years creches have been set up within the private,<br />

voluntary and government sectors. The services are far<br />

from adequate to meet the burgeoning needs. At the same<br />

time the quality of the care available to young ones in<br />

these creches is not very satisfactory.<br />

16<br />

A number of studies have<br />

been conducted to take stock of<br />

existing day care centres/creches.<br />

The Institute conducted two such<br />

Dr. AK Gopal, Addl. Director speaking on the best management<br />

practices in conduct of creche services.<br />

studies to evaluate the two schemes of Department of<br />

Women and Child Development, Government of India<br />

related to creche services namely, Financial Assistance<br />

to Voluntary Organisations for Creches for Working and<br />

Ailing Women; and National Creche Fund. Both the<br />

evaluation studies revealed that coverage of creche<br />

services remains inadequate and by and large only<br />

custodial care is being provided to the children in these<br />

centres. These creche centres also do not meet the<br />

needs of services such as care and stimulation of children<br />

under three years, pre-school activities, health and<br />

nutritional requirements of children and therefore,<br />

inadequate for overall development.<br />

Creche services run by voluntary organisations<br />

do not have trained workers and lack inbuilt mechanism<br />

of training of functionaries. The system of monitoring and<br />

supervision for effective implementation of these<br />

programmes are also not in place. In order to enhance<br />

the capabilities of functionaries associated with creche<br />

programme in effective implementation of creche<br />

services, the Institute organised a five-day Orientation<br />

Course on Management of Creche Services. The<br />

course content broadly covered need and significance<br />

of creche services; overview of creche services; needs<br />

of children; factors affecting child’s personality and<br />

development; early stimulation and pre-school education;<br />

activities to promote all round development in children;<br />

health and nutritional requirements of children;<br />

organisation and management of creche centre;


supervision, monitoring and qualitative evaluation of<br />

creche centres; and management of problems faced in<br />

running a creche centre.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

15.03.<strong>2003</strong>-19.03.<strong>2004</strong> 33 New Delhi<br />

Prevention of Trafficking<br />

India is a source, destination and transit country<br />

for Human Trafficking. The trafficking of girls and children<br />

has assumed an alarming proportion in recent years. The<br />

number of persons including children involved in<br />

trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation is not known<br />

due to clandestine nature of its operation. Despite various<br />

legislations and programmes to eradicate and prevent<br />

trafficking the situation is not improving. Thousands of<br />

girls and children are being trafficked every day within<br />

the country and across the international border for<br />

purposes of commercial sexual exploitation. Women and<br />

children are procured every year from poor and backward<br />

areas and are brought in red light areas of big cities for<br />

prostitution. Trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation<br />

is one of the largest organised crime. Thousands of young<br />

girls are lured by false promises of marriage, good career<br />

etc. and then they are forced into prostitution, leaving<br />

them with no choice to return to normal existence in<br />

society. They face tremendous abuse, physical and<br />

mental trauma in the hands of brothel owners and touts<br />

and suffer from deadly diseases like STIs/RTIs and HIV.<br />

Generating more awareness among people can be a<br />

preventive measure that can save many girls from being<br />

pushed into prostitution. Realising that the Government<br />

officials and functionaries of voluntary organisations<br />

should be sensitised on the issue, in order to strengthen<br />

the efforts in preventing trafficking in the country, the<br />

Institute organised a Sensitisation Workshop on<br />

Prevention of Trafficking of Women and Children at<br />

its Regional Centre, Lucknow. The main objectives of<br />

the Workshop were to create awareness about the<br />

magnitude of the problem of trafficking; discuss various<br />

types of trafficking; familiarise the participants to the legal<br />

provisions such as Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, JJ<br />

Act and process and consequences of trafficking; and<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

critically analyse and evolve their own role in prevention<br />

of trafficking.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

31.03.<strong>2004</strong>-01.04.<strong>2004</strong> 33 Lucknow<br />

The Regional Centre, Bangalore also organised<br />

a Training of Trainers of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) on<br />

Prevention of Trafficking of Women and Children in<br />

Karnataka. The programme content broadly covered<br />

situational analysis of trafficking in the country and the<br />

A view of training of SHGs on Trafficking of Women and Children<br />

trainers in Bangalore.<br />

state; prevention of trafficking; legal provisions for<br />

preventing trafficking and role of police; rescue and<br />

rehabilitation of trafficked women and children; HIV/AIDS<br />

with reference to trafficked women and children;<br />

familiarisation with the training module on trafficking for<br />

SHGs; and planning for the training of SHGs.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

16.02.<strong>2004</strong>-17.02.<strong>2004</strong> 35 Bangalore<br />

Counselling for Child Care Institutions<br />

As a signatory to UN convention on Rights of<br />

Child, India is expected to protect children from abuse<br />

and exploitation under Articles 19, 34, 36, 37 and 39.<br />

Similarly, JJ Act 2000 also provides for care,<br />

protection, treatment and rehabilitation of children. As<br />

a result there are several homes and Institutions set<br />

up for homeless children, children in need of care and<br />

the ones in conflict with law. The Institutes are often<br />

managed by staff who are not well versed in handling<br />

problems of the children.<br />

17


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

Much of the problems of the inmates of these<br />

Institutions can be solved or minimised if the officials/<br />

staff working or directly dealing with them are oriented<br />

towards the basic principles/skills/methods of<br />

counselling. They need to be oriented on the skills of<br />

understanding and relating to the children sympathetically<br />

with sensitivity and have the desired rapport with them.<br />

The Regional Centre, Bangalore conducted a<br />

study on Childcare Institutions in Karnataka (2001).<br />

The study revealed that the counsellors employed in<br />

childcare institutions were either less qualified for the<br />

post or were not adequately trained in the profession of<br />

counselling, suggesting the need for their periodical<br />

training in counselling. Further, the study reported that<br />

the staff was required to carry on multiple responsibilities,<br />

in which case less importance was given to the role<br />

related to interaction with children. Another study<br />

conducted by the Regional Centre, Bangalore titled<br />

“Survey of Counselling Services in Karnataka” (<strong>2003</strong>),<br />

further supported the observations that counsellors<br />

employed in counselling centres/child care institutions<br />

need periodical exposure/training on counselling skills.<br />

Keeping this in view, the Regional Centre, Bangalore<br />

organised two Training Programmes on Counselling<br />

for the Functionaries of Child Care Institutions, one<br />

each for Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The programme<br />

content broadly covered issues related to the needs of<br />

children, problems if needs are not met, and ways and<br />

means of managing them in institutions. Varied<br />

dimensions of counselling were discussed in specific<br />

reference to counselling the children in institutions.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

05.01.<strong>2004</strong>-09.01.<strong>2004</strong> 31 Bangalore<br />

08.03.<strong>2004</strong>-12.03.<strong>2004</strong> 22 Bangalore<br />

Development of Adolescent Girls<br />

WHO defines adolescence as a period of life<br />

between 10 and 19 years of age. It is the second most<br />

critical period of development characterised by spurt in<br />

physical and psychological development, which makes<br />

this age very different from others. Adolescence is much<br />

18<br />

more than one rung up the ladder from childhood. It is<br />

a leave-taking of the dependencies of childhood and a<br />

precocious reach for adulthood. An adolescent is a<br />

traveller who has left one place and has not reached<br />

the next… It is an intermission between earlier freedoms<br />

and subsequent responsibilities and commitments.<br />

Making the change from childhood to adulthood is too<br />

big a task for a short time. Therefore, the child must<br />

have extra care and time bestowed upon her to make<br />

the change. However, this does not seem to<br />

Dr. Usha Abrol, Regional Director Bangalore addressing the conusellors<br />

of Child Care Institutions on development of adolescent girls.<br />

characterise the environment wherein present-day<br />

adolescents grow. Acknowledging the crucial nature of<br />

the age group, adolescents have become an important<br />

target group in programmes of the government.<br />

However, most of the programmes for adolescents are<br />

not designed to provide services in an integrated and<br />

comprehensive manner to address their holistic needs<br />

and problems. Adolescent girls in particular are provided<br />

special services to be able to bridge consequences of<br />

gender discrimination and grow up into healthy<br />

confident and agile members of society. It is felt that<br />

the active involvement of NGOs along with<br />

government would go a long way in<br />

creating an environment conducive for<br />

holistic development of adolescent girls. It<br />

is in this backdrop that the Regional<br />

Centre, Bangalore organised an Orientation<br />

Course on Holistic Development


of Adolescent Girls for Representatives of Social<br />

Organisations. The main objectives of the course were<br />

to help the participants appreciate the developmental<br />

needs of adolescent girls; facilitate effective programme<br />

planning for holistic development of adolescent girls;<br />

enhance the managerial skills of the participants in the<br />

context of programmes dealing with adolescent girls;<br />

and develop strategies for community support system<br />

for holistic development of adolescent girls.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

16.03.<strong>2004</strong>-19.03.<strong>2004</strong> 35 Bangalore<br />

Another Orientation Training Programme for<br />

NGOs on Needs and Problems of Adolescent Girls<br />

of Tribal and OBC Communities of North-Eastern<br />

Region was organised by the Regional Centre,<br />

Guwahati. The programme content broadly covered<br />

situational analysis; needs and problems; existing<br />

programmes and services of adolescents; nutritional<br />

needs; common ailments and menstrual problems in<br />

girls; malnutrition and detection of nutritional deficiency<br />

diseases; importance of family life education and existing<br />

laws; social problems; integrated approach for protection<br />

from social hazards and role of NGOs.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

14.07.<strong>2003</strong>-18.07.<strong>2003</strong> 15 Guwahati<br />

The Regional Centre, Indore organised a<br />

Regional Workshop on Training on Life Skill Education<br />

of Tribal Adolescents. The main issues discussed<br />

were situational analysis of tribal women with special<br />

reference to adolescent girls; impart knowledge and skills<br />

on life skill education; anaemia - a critical issue in tribal<br />

women and adolescent girls; discuss key issues on the<br />

development of adolescents in the Western Region;<br />

inculcate techniques in imparting life skill education<br />

training for the trainers.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

30.07.<strong>2003</strong>-31.07.<strong>2003</strong> 33 Indore<br />

The feedback of the above-mentioned<br />

programme gave impetus to Regional Centre, Indore to<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

A view of Regional Workshop on Life Skill Education of Tribal<br />

Adolescents organised by Indore Centre.<br />

organise two Training of Trainers on Life Skill of Tribal<br />

Adolescent Girls. The broad contents of the<br />

programmes covered situational analysis of women with<br />

special reference to tribal adolescent girls; special issues<br />

in the lives of tribal adolescent girls; socio-economic<br />

pressures on tribal adolescent girls: role and responsibilities<br />

of trainers & social organisations; health,<br />

nutrition and other related issues of tribal adolescent girls;<br />

formal & non-formal education and vocational training;<br />

economic development/empowerment: potential and<br />

opportunities for tribal adolescent girls; violence and<br />

exploitation of tribal adolescent girls: prevalence and<br />

precautions; skill development in tribal adolescent girls<br />

for negotiation, communication & counselling; skills in<br />

personality development with a special emphasis on<br />

confidence, self-esteem, self reliance and leadership; life<br />

skill education and trainers: training need assessment;<br />

planning, organisation and development of module on<br />

life skill education training and plan of action.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

08.03.<strong>2004</strong>-11.03.<strong>2004</strong> 21 Indore<br />

16.03.<strong>2004</strong>-19.03.<strong>2004</strong> 37 Raipur<br />

The Regional Centre, Indore organised a<br />

Regional Consultation on Reduction of Malnutrition<br />

19


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

Regional Consultation on Malnutrition and Anaemia being addressed<br />

by Dr. Manjula Chakravarty, Regional Director. Sitting in middle is<br />

Shri KD Joshi, Vice Chairman, NIPCCD.<br />

and Anaemia in Adolescents. Major focus on the first<br />

day was on critical issues in prevention and reduction of<br />

malnutrition and anaemia in adolescents, constraints and<br />

gaps, health and nutrition needs of adolescents and need<br />

and importance of life skill education.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

13.03.<strong>2004</strong>-14.03.<strong>2004</strong> 26 Pune<br />

Developing Healthy Parenting Skills<br />

The family is the basic social unit where the child<br />

is reared and nurtured. A baby begins to learn rapidly<br />

from the moment it is born. By the end of the second<br />

year of life most of the growth of human being is complete.<br />

The future years are also vital for the development of<br />

behaviour and personality. Early childhood development<br />

is very rapid, specially when the child first develops his/<br />

her abilities to think and learn while laying foundation for<br />

their values and behaviours as adult. It is very important<br />

to equip the parents and communities with the necessary<br />

parenting and child care knowledge. Since NGOs play<br />

an important role in creating such an awareness in the<br />

community, therefore, to enhance their skills in this area<br />

as well as impart latest knowledge in this field, the<br />

Regional Centre, Guwahati organised a Workshop on<br />

Developing Healthy Parenting Skills for Executive<br />

Members of NGOs Working in the Field of Women<br />

and Child Development. The main issues discussed<br />

were developing healthy parenting skills - concept and<br />

issues; appropriate parenting skills; problems common<br />

in children due to unhealthy parenting practices;<br />

20<br />

counselling/education of parents: need and relevance;<br />

helping parents to cope up with their stress - methods<br />

and tips; role of parents in different stages of development;<br />

and developing strategies for healthy parenting<br />

skills.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

15.09.<strong>2003</strong>-16.09.<strong>2003</strong> 45 Guwahati<br />

Learning and Behavioural Problems of<br />

Children<br />

Due to unprecedented stress, changing family<br />

structures, increased pressure for achievement and<br />

influence of mass media learning and behaviour<br />

problems are on the rise now-a-days among school going<br />

children. These problems generally manifest themselves<br />

in the form of aggressive behaviour, depression, attention<br />

deficit disorders, excessive tension, memory disorder,<br />

scholastic backwardness, learning disability,<br />

performance anxiety for exams, withdrawal etc. Children<br />

with these problems often need professional help and<br />

guidance to overcome their difficulties. However, most<br />

of the schools are not technically or professionally geared<br />

up to address the problems of these children due to<br />

various reasons and limitations. Further, the teachers<br />

are also not equipped or trained to identify children with<br />

difficulties. Since the Regional Centre, Lucknow is<br />

running a Child Guidance Centre to help children with<br />

learning and behavioural problems, as a part of advocacy,<br />

it organised three Orientation Courses for School<br />

Teachers on Learning and Behavioural Problems of<br />

Children with an aim to equip the participants to identify<br />

children with difficulties in their schools and refer them<br />

to CGC for assessment and timely interventions. The<br />

content of the courses included learning and behavioural<br />

problems of children, role of school teachers in child<br />

mental health, planning for identification of learning and<br />

behavioural problems of children.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

29.07.<strong>2003</strong>-30.07.<strong>2003</strong> 23 Lucknow<br />

30.09.<strong>2003</strong>-01.10.<strong>2003</strong> 19 Lucknow<br />

27.01.<strong>2004</strong>-28.01.<strong>2004</strong> 18 Lucknow


Capacity Building of Voluntary Organisations<br />

In the wake of developments in the preceding<br />

decade for improving the situation of women and children,<br />

voluntary sector has come to occupy a unique place<br />

reaching towards the overall goals of survival, protection,<br />

development and participation of children by initiating<br />

innovative projects and programmes. However, with the<br />

multiplicity in the number of voluntary organisations in<br />

the area, the resources and managerial capacities of so<br />

many voluntary organisations has become an issue of<br />

concern. It has been observed that voluntary<br />

organisations specially working at the village/grassroots<br />

District Level Workshop on Capacity Building held at Solapur.<br />

level do not have information or access to information<br />

regarding programmes and schemes of Government for<br />

development of women and children. They also lack<br />

professional and technical skills to implement the projects<br />

and programmes at the field level.<br />

With the above in view, the Institute organised a<br />

series of District Level Workshops on Capacity Building<br />

of Voluntary Organisations. The Workshops broadly<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Dr. Adarsh Sharma, Director in the inaugural function of Indore workshop<br />

on capacity building of voluntary organisations by lighting the lamp.<br />

covered issues such as role of voluntary organisations in<br />

social development; establishing and managing a<br />

voluntary organisation; good governance in voluntary<br />

organisations; people’s participation; accountability,<br />

transparency and responsibility; programmes/schemes for<br />

development of women and children; Rashtriya Mahila<br />

Kosh; programmes for SC/ST; grant-in-aid programmes<br />

through CSWB, STEP and NORAD; programmes and<br />

schemes under Ministry of Rural Development with specific<br />

reference to Swaran Jayanti Programme. The Workshops<br />

organised at Sawai Madhopur (Rajasthan), Lucknow (UP)<br />

and Solapur (Maharashtra) were inaugurated by Smt.<br />

Jaskaur Meena, the-then Hon’ble Minister of State for<br />

Human Resource Development and Chairperson,<br />

NIPCCD. Shri K. D. Joshi, Vice-Chairperson, NIPCCD<br />

inaugurated the Workshop at Indore.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

17.05.<strong>2003</strong>-18.05.<strong>2003</strong> 96 Sawai<br />

Madhopur<br />

01.09.<strong>2003</strong>-02.09.<strong>2003</strong> 70 Indore<br />

09.09.<strong>2003</strong>-10.09.<strong>2003</strong> 126 Lucknow<br />

21.12.<strong>2003</strong>-22.12.<strong>2003</strong> 139 Solapur<br />

Besides above, the Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

also organised an Orientation Training on Capacity<br />

Building of Social Organisations in Child Development.<br />

The course content broadly covered areas such<br />

as the principles and stages of child development;<br />

understanding children and their need; need and<br />

21


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

importance of early childhood stimulation; child rearing<br />

practices and effects of culture on socialisation;<br />

developing healthy parenting skills; common behavioural<br />

problems among children; problems of exceptional<br />

children; contribution of play in child development; role<br />

of family and peers in child development etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

09.02.<strong>2004</strong>-13.02.<strong>2004</strong> 24 Guwahati<br />

Project Formulation and Management Skills<br />

It was suggested by the participants of the District<br />

Level Orientation Workshop on Capacity Building of<br />

Voluntary Organisations held from 17-18 May <strong>2003</strong> at Sawai<br />

Madhopur that the Institute should organise a course on<br />

project formulation and management skills exclusively for<br />

the participants who attended the above-mentioned<br />

Workshop. In view of this, the Institute organised a Course<br />

on Project Formulation and Management Skills. The<br />

Participants of Workshop on Project Formulation & Management Skills<br />

holding deliberations with faculty.<br />

main objectives of the course were to: acquaint the<br />

participants with project formulation and management skills;<br />

develop among them skills in preparing project proposal in<br />

the area of women and child development; and equip them<br />

with skills on financial sustainability in management of<br />

resources. Another Orientation Course, with similar<br />

objectives, on Project Formulation and Management<br />

Techniques was organised as a follow-up to the State Level<br />

Seminar on Role of Voluntary Organisations in Development<br />

organised at Dehradun from 30-31 October <strong>2003</strong>. The<br />

course content broadly covered need for viable project<br />

proposals in the area of women and child development;<br />

22<br />

information about schemes like NORAD, Swadhar, STEP,<br />

Crèche and RMK; planning and formulation of project<br />

proposal - key issues; Project formulation in groups;<br />

budgeting; effective management of the project; and<br />

principles of finance and fund management.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

29.07.<strong>2003</strong>-30.07.<strong>2003</strong> 16 New Delhi<br />

03.03.<strong>2004</strong>-05.03.<strong>2004</strong> 15 New Delhi<br />

Two Orientation Training Programmes on<br />

Project Formulation for Functionaries of NGOs were<br />

organised by the Regional Centres, Guwahati and<br />

Lucknow. The content of the training programmes broadly<br />

covered emerging trends in social welfare and<br />

development in India; project planning – concept and<br />

methods; SHGs – its need and concept; PLA – its need<br />

and importance; use of PLA in project planning;<br />

formulation of project proposal; project appraisal;<br />

estimating project cost etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

01.09.<strong>2003</strong>-12.09.<strong>2003</strong> 43 Guwahati<br />

15.03.<strong>2004</strong>-19.03.<strong>2004</strong> 23 Lucknow<br />

Sensitisation on Governmental Programmes<br />

and Schemes<br />

Voluntary sector has come to occupy an important<br />

place as a third sector as it has been contributing immensely<br />

in socio-economic development of the country. Its capacity<br />

to sensitise people and mobilise locally available resources/<br />

assets has been a key element in augmenting government’s<br />

efforts to outreach its programmes to the targeted sections<br />

of the society. In pursuance of its policy to support and<br />

encourage voluntary action, the Government of India has<br />

initiated a programme of financial assistance to voluntary<br />

organisations through grant-in-aid. The Department of<br />

Women and Child Development has been helping voluntary<br />

organisations to undertake several welfare and development<br />

activities by providing assistance through its various<br />

schemes for welfare and development of women and<br />

children. Similarly, there are also many other womenspecific<br />

and child-related schemes of other Ministries and<br />

Government Departments. However, information about such


A session of workshop on Sensitisation of State Level Officials.<br />

schemes/programmes is often scattered and not always<br />

accessible to voluntary organisations working in remote<br />

parts of the country. With a view to fill up this gap the Institute<br />

started bringing out a source book on financial assistance<br />

for voluntary organisations. In furtherance of this effort<br />

institute organised an Orientation Workshop for<br />

Sensitisation of State Level Officials on Governmental<br />

Programmes and Schemes with the aim that these officials<br />

would support and encourage voluntary action and<br />

innovation in areas where it is non-existent. The programme<br />

content broadly covered role of state level officials in<br />

promoting voluntary action/initiatives; overview of<br />

programmes of Department of Women and Child<br />

Development; schemes of Central Social Welfare Board;<br />

schemes of DWCD for empowerment of women (STEP/<br />

NORAD/Swadhar); scheme of DWCD for the welfare of<br />

women (Swayamsiddha); schemes of Department of Family<br />

Welfare for women and children; Education Guarantee<br />

Scheme and Alternative and Innovative Education (EGS<br />

and AIE): linkages with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA);<br />

Assistance for Voluntary Organisations for Taking up Action<br />

Programmes/Projects for Child Labour/Women Labour:<br />

Scheme of Ministry of Labour; scheme of Ministry of Rural<br />

Development for Skill Development of Urban Poor (SJSRY).<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

06.08.<strong>2003</strong>-08.08.<strong>2003</strong> 18 New Delhi<br />

Role of Social Organisations in Development<br />

Social organisations can play important role in<br />

the development process of the state. From a small<br />

number of social organisations in the pre-independence<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

era, several social organisations are now working all over<br />

the country. In India, their importance and relevance in<br />

the development process was first realised in the early<br />

years of planning process. Since then, these social<br />

organisations have been working in partnership with<br />

government for bringing about change and development<br />

in the society. Though their role has been very important,<br />

a wide variation in their performance still exists in different<br />

states. It is widely acknowledged and accepted that<br />

without contribution and participation of social organisations<br />

there is no possibility of overall development of the<br />

society. In today’s context, when the Government is busy<br />

in developing infrastructure and providing support system<br />

for economic development, social organisations can play<br />

a pivotal role in social movement. As they are closely<br />

associated with vital social changes in the society, with<br />

the help of people and community at large, they have<br />

tried to change the environment and generated selfconfidence<br />

among the people for the betterment of their<br />

lives. It can hardly be denied that there is a need for<br />

partnership between Government and social organisations<br />

for progressive and sustainable development.<br />

There is also need to mutually understand and appreciate<br />

each other’s role and perception in the changing social<br />

scenario. It is therefore essential that Government may<br />

continue to have continuous dialogue with the social<br />

sector for bringing the two closer for accelerating the<br />

social development process.<br />

Keeping the above in view, the Institute has been<br />

organising a series of State Level Seminars since 2001.<br />

Continuing with this endeavour, during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, the<br />

Institute organised two State Level Seminars on Role<br />

of Voluntary Organisations in Development,<br />

popularly known as “Bharat Utkarsh”. The Seminar<br />

broadly focused on need for voluntary action for the<br />

development of women and children; voluntarism:<br />

challenges and issues for social development in States;<br />

social organisations: interface with panchayat and<br />

government; capacity building of social organisations;<br />

economics of social organisations; governance issues<br />

of social organisations; women development and<br />

empowerment - women’s participation and self-help<br />

23


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

groups: Swayamsiddha; girl child education and<br />

training; children in difficult circumstances; child labour,<br />

education, health and moral education; and grant-inaid<br />

system of the Department of Women and Child<br />

Development: present procedures and needs for<br />

simplifications.<br />

24<br />

Representatives of NGOs participated enthusiastically in Jharkhand workshop on role of voluntary organisations.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

30.10.<strong>2003</strong>-31.10.<strong>2003</strong> 104 Dehradun<br />

13.01.<strong>2004</strong>-14.01.<strong>2004</strong> 204 Ranchi<br />

Good Governance in Voluntary Organisations<br />

Good governance means the effective<br />

management of resources in an NGO in a manner that is<br />

open, transparent, accountable, equitable and ensures<br />

delivery of services that are responsive to people’s needs.<br />

The rule of law, for effective management should have<br />

transparency, accountability as essential components of<br />

good governance. The issue of governance is widely<br />

regarded now as one of the key ingredients for sustainable<br />

development. In order to ensure effective and proper<br />

management of resources, good governance becomes<br />

an important aspect of every NGO to become sustainable.<br />

In view of this, the Institute organised a five-day Training<br />

on Good Governance in Voluntary Organisations. The<br />

content of the training programme broadly covered<br />

meaning of governance; essential characteristics of good<br />

governance; good governance vis-a-vis sustainability of<br />

programmes; better human resource management leading<br />

to good governance; financial and legal framework for good<br />

governance; action needed to be taken in order to tackle<br />

the problems of lack of good governance; and evolving<br />

strategies for participatory governance.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

23.02.<strong>2004</strong>-27.02.<strong>2004</strong> 40 New Delhi<br />

Planning, Execution and Evaluation of<br />

Programmes<br />

Effective and timely planning assumes great<br />

significance in realising the desired goals of a<br />

programme. Proper planning is an essential pre-requisite<br />

for appropriate execution of programmes. In the absence<br />

of such a plan, a programme often meets with failures.<br />

Inaugural view of the workshop on Good Governance in Voluntary<br />

Organisations.


Voluntary organisations are engaged in planning and<br />

implementation of numerous welfare and developmental<br />

programmes in diverse fields of social development<br />

having bearing on the people and society. It is therefore,<br />

of utmost importance that voluntary organisations plan<br />

out their programmes with apt and realistic insight and<br />

vision. In this context needless to emphasise that the<br />

functionaries of voluntary organisations should have<br />

knowledge and skills in programme planning and project<br />

execution. Linked with this, they are supposed to<br />

strengthen their knowledge and skills in monitoring the<br />

implementation of programmes. The economic, political,<br />

social as well as physical environment in which the<br />

voluntary organisations have to work is also changing<br />

constantly. Hence, it is very important for a project/<br />

An ongoing session of training course on planning, execution and<br />

evaluation of programmes.<br />

programme to be sufficiently flexible to effectively adopt<br />

to such changes if needed during its implementation.<br />

Proper planning, execution, review and evaluation<br />

therefore can go a long way to cope with this changing<br />

scenario and have the desired effect on the community.<br />

Keeping the above in view, the Institute organised a<br />

Training on Planning, Execution and Evaluation of<br />

Programmes for the Functionaries of Voluntary<br />

Organisations. The course contents broadly covered<br />

developing blueprint of a project and its components;<br />

planning activities and working out action; planning<br />

resource requirements and strategising resource<br />

mobilisation; tracking projects through scheduling<br />

techniques ; being effective communicator for successful<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

project implementation; need for monitoring and evolving<br />

a monitoring system; and need for evaluation and working<br />

out an evaluation plan.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

31.03.<strong>2004</strong>-02.04.<strong>2004</strong> 27 New Delhi<br />

Workshop for District Officials Dealing with<br />

Women and Child Development<br />

Development of children is key to achieve<br />

human development. Development interventions<br />

made in terms of health, nutrition and education help<br />

in improving their status. This is a globally recognised<br />

fact and every nation is trying to ensure children the<br />

access to these basic services through planned<br />

interventions. In India, ICDS is the most comprehensive<br />

programme designed for early childhood<br />

care and development, which aims at enhancing<br />

survival and development of children of vulnerable<br />

section. With its vast network of functionaries, ICDS<br />

has made a remarkable community level impact by<br />

influencing the quality of childcare practice. Such an<br />

activity is a continuous process, which needs to be<br />

supplemented with new concepts and practices,<br />

reinforcement of knowledge and skills. The workforce<br />

at managerial and supervisory level who matter most<br />

in making it successful, need to be constantly<br />

reinforced about the broad areas of concern i.e. the<br />

basic philosophy of ICDS, the tips for better service<br />

delivery to women and children, strengthening the<br />

community’s capabilities for better care of their future<br />

generation. This would be possible through constant<br />

communication with implementing machinery by<br />

convincing them of its importance and converting it<br />

into a socially beneficial action. Keeping this in view,<br />

the Institute, in collaboration with Department of<br />

Women Development and Child Welfare, Government<br />

of Andhra Pradesh, organised a Workshop for<br />

District Level Officials Dealing with Women and<br />

Child Development. The main objectives of the<br />

workshop were to orient the functionaries with the<br />

basic concepts and mechanisms in ICDS; orient them<br />

on the strategies for enhancing the women’s socio-<br />

25


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

economic capabilities for the uplift of the family and<br />

community; and orient them on alternative methods<br />

of health care.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

27.09.<strong>2003</strong> 42 Hyderabad<br />

Implementation of Juvenile Justice Act 2000<br />

The Juvenile Justice Act (JJA) 1986 came into<br />

force as a piece of legislation designed for the care,<br />

protection, development and rehabilitation of the<br />

neglected and delinquent juvenile, as well as for the<br />

adjudication and disposition of certain matters relating<br />

to them. It is generally considered a progressive law in<br />

accordance with international principles, such as UN<br />

Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which the Indian<br />

Government became a signatory in 1992. Despite the<br />

fact the Juvenile Justice Act fulfilled a long-standing<br />

demand for a uniform juvenile justice system, many<br />

lacunae were noticed in the Act. This called for review<br />

and amendment of the Act and consequently an<br />

amended Act entitled Juvenile Justice (Care and<br />

Protection of Children) Act, 2000 came into force.<br />

Experience has shown that there is lack of awareness<br />

about the provisions of the Act not only among the<br />

beneficiaries but also among the state machinery<br />

including the police, the judiciary and the staff of<br />

correctional Institutions and this leads to many difficulties<br />

in its implementation. Apathy of the concerned<br />

functionaries is another stumbling block in implementing<br />

the provisions of the Act in its right spirit. Training and<br />

sensitisation of those working in the juvenile justice<br />

Dr. P.K. Bhattacharjee, Regional Director addressing the consultation<br />

meet on implementation of JJ Act being organised by Guwahati Centre.<br />

26<br />

system can play an important role in motivating the<br />

functionaries and equipping them with necessary<br />

information for implementing the Act. The need for<br />

sensitising on the Juvenile Justice Act and its<br />

implementation has been stressed at various meetings<br />

on the Juvenile Justice Act. Keeping this in view, the<br />

Regional Centre, Guwahati organised a North-Eastern<br />

Regional Consultation Meet on the Implementation<br />

of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children)<br />

Act, 2000. The contents of the workshop included child<br />

welfare in India; shift from custody to rehabilitation; salient<br />

features of Juvenile Justice Act, 2000; model rules under<br />

JJ Act; working with the allied systems; role of<br />

Government, social organisations and media in<br />

implementation of JJ Act, 2000.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

04.08.<strong>2003</strong>-05.08.<strong>2003</strong> 29 Guwahati<br />

Participatory Learning and Action<br />

Participatory Learning & Action (PLA) is a<br />

flexible, innovative and non-structured method of<br />

planning and designing programmes, which has the<br />

ability to change attitudes and lives of the people in the<br />

community. PLA approaches and methods may be used<br />

for appraisal, analysis and research in many subject<br />

areas. These approaches are in sharp contrast to the<br />

one in which programmes and projects aimed at welfare<br />

and development of the poor are initiated, designed and<br />

implemented from top to down by implementing<br />

agencies without the consultation and involvement of<br />

intended beneficiaries. In the context of NGOs, PLA<br />

techniques for empowering the community have been<br />

found as a critical factor, as these ultimately aim at<br />

changing levels of knowledge, attitude and behaviour<br />

of the community. With this in view, the Regional Centre,<br />

Guwahati organised a Skill Training on Participatory<br />

Learning and Action (PLA) for NGOs of North-<br />

Eastern Region. The broad contents of the training<br />

programme were concept and philosophy of PLA;<br />

Principles of PLA; tools and techniques of PLA;<br />

sequencing, combining and limitations of PLA


A view of participants during practical session of PLA at a village in<br />

Kamrup district in Assam.<br />

techniques; and application of PLA techniques in<br />

various programmes.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

13.10.<strong>2003</strong>-17.10.<strong>2003</strong> 29 Guwahati<br />

Child Rights and Child Protection<br />

The Institute initiated a project to draft booklets<br />

on the subject of Child Care & Protection (CCP) in<br />

Hindi. A total of six documents were drafted. The<br />

material comprised of two comics, two booklets, one<br />

small poster and one brochure. The subjects covered<br />

issues under the broad head of child rights and child<br />

protection. The project on pictorial booklets envisaged<br />

that a workshop would be organised for finalisation of<br />

the material developed by the project team.<br />

Accordingly, a Workshop on Finalisation of Pictorial<br />

Booklets on Child Rights and Child Protection was<br />

organised by the Regional Centre, Lucknow. The<br />

Workshop deliberated on each booklet/material in<br />

terms of its content for the broad target group. Aspects<br />

such as presentation, language, nuances, cultural<br />

context, story-usage/narration/flow, characteri-sation,<br />

graphics, diagrams, cartoons etc. were discussed in<br />

the Workshop. Group work was arranged and<br />

culminated in an open-house discussion and<br />

presentation.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

19.12.<strong>2003</strong> 21 Lucknow<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Counselling and Support Services for Women<br />

Despite many legal provisions, social programmes<br />

and support services for the protection of<br />

women, they continue to feel unprotected. Counselling<br />

Centres have an important role to play in guiding and<br />

supporting women victims of violence/atrocities. The<br />

counsellor needs updated knowledge of available<br />

support services and new counselling techniques.<br />

Keeping above in view, the Institute organised an<br />

Orientation Course on Counselling and Support<br />

Services for Women in Distress. The main objectives<br />

of the course were to sensitise the participants about<br />

gender issues and status of women; inform them about<br />

innovative approaches, programmes and schemes to<br />

empower them in fighting injustices; develop communication<br />

and negotiation techniques among them; develop<br />

counselling skills and various processes involved<br />

therein; and develop networking among NGOs, police,<br />

prosecution and rehabilitation of women in distress. The<br />

course content broadly covered situational analysis of<br />

women in distress; laws related to women in distress;<br />

domestic violence and atrocities against women;<br />

policies and programmes for empowerment of women<br />

in distress; state interventions and supportive services;<br />

role of different agencies/organisations involved in<br />

cases related to women in distress, ensuring minimum<br />

standard in delivery of services and institutional care;<br />

communication and negotiation techniques; counselling<br />

skills and networking.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

23.06.<strong>2003</strong>-27.06.<strong>2003</strong> 46 Ahmedabad<br />

Combating Domestic Violence<br />

Women’s movement in India is quite strong that<br />

has pushed the agenda of violence against women<br />

consistently. One of the innovative interventions in<br />

the area is setting up of the Crime Against Women<br />

Cells by Delhi Police. These special cells address<br />

the needs of the women, who are the victims of<br />

domestic violence. Police officials posted to these<br />

cells require special training for handling the cases.<br />

Keeping the above in view, the Institute organised a<br />

27


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

A view of programme on Combating Domestic Violence for<br />

officers of Delhi Police.<br />

series of Training Programmes on Combating<br />

Domestic Violence for Delhi Police Personnel of<br />

Crime Against Women Cells/Home Guards and a<br />

one-day Gender Sensitisation Training Module has<br />

also been developed for inclusion in ongoing police<br />

training for Home Guards. The main objectives of the<br />

training programmes were to make the participants<br />

understand causes and consequences of domestic<br />

violence; sensitise them towards gender issues and<br />

ways to incorporate these issues in day-to-day<br />

working; work out strategy for combating domestic<br />

violence and effective functioning of crime against<br />

women cells; and work out strategy for network among<br />

different agencies for combating crimes against<br />

women. The content of the training programmes<br />

broadly covered situational analysis of women and<br />

strategy for gender justice; gender violence – locus,<br />

manifestation and strategy: policies and programmes<br />

for providing support services to victims of violence;<br />

effective redressal of domestic violence and marital<br />

disputes, gender sensitisation in the internal<br />

functioning of police; role of law enforcement agencies<br />

for combating domestic violence and crime against<br />

women; and networking with voluntary agencies and<br />

professionals for combating crimes against women.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

16.06.<strong>2003</strong>-19.06.<strong>2003</strong> 20 New Delhi<br />

24.07.<strong>2003</strong>-28.07.<strong>2003</strong> 50 Patiala<br />

05.01.<strong>2004</strong>-08.01.<strong>2004</strong> 25 New Delhi<br />

08.03.<strong>2004</strong>-12.03.<strong>2004</strong> 19 New Delhi<br />

28<br />

Integrating Support Services with Family<br />

Courts<br />

The jurisprudence of family courts revolves<br />

around three broad objectives namely: (a) to conserve<br />

and not disrupt the family life, (b) be helpful and not<br />

harmful to individual parents and their children, and (c)<br />

be preservative rather than punitive to family and<br />

marriage. In order to achieve the above objectives<br />

emphasis has been laid on special procedure to be<br />

adopted by family courts to help the people in conflict.<br />

The common perception about the working of family<br />

courts in India have not been as expected. Normally<br />

they are perceived as special courts for women and<br />

mainly for matrimonial disputes. Issues regarding<br />

children have been relegated to the secondary position.<br />

The reasons attributed to the unsatisfactory working of<br />

family courts include overexpectations of the people in<br />

general, inadequate training to the personnel of support<br />

services, insufficient manpower and lack of co-ordination<br />

between courts and support services. To discuss these<br />

inadequacies in detail and to evolve measures to<br />

eliminate the bottlenecks in integrating family courts<br />

and support services, the Institute organised a two-day<br />

Workshop on Integrating Support Services with<br />

Family Courts in India in collaboration with Campus<br />

Law Centre, Delhi University. The broad contents of the<br />

workshop were identification of problems/difficulties for<br />

justice delivery through Family Courts; expanding<br />

jurisdiction of Family Courts - an imperative; formulation<br />

Dr. Adarsh Sharma addressing the delegation of workshop being<br />

organised in collaboration with Law Centre, Delhi University on<br />

Integrating Support Services with Family Courts in India.


of model rules for Family Courts and working out a<br />

proposal for integrative support services with Family<br />

Courts - an action research. It also reviewed the<br />

implementation of Family Court Act as framed by<br />

various states after comparative analysis with an<br />

attempt to draft model rules which could be uniformly<br />

incorporated by them.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

13.09.<strong>2003</strong>-14.09.<strong>2003</strong> 30 New Delhi<br />

STEP/Swawalamban Programmes<br />

The contribution of women towards growth of<br />

national economy has been established beyond doubt.<br />

In developmental planning there has been frequent<br />

emphasis on creating greater employment opportunities<br />

for women. The thrust of such efforts has been on self<br />

employment since the Eighth Plan. The Ninth Five-Year<br />

Plan has also advocated greater exposure for women<br />

and upgrading their skills to enable them to gain<br />

employment in the non-traditional sectors, in order to<br />

withstand the effect of structural adjustments in the Indian<br />

economy. The STEP and Swawalamban schemes aim<br />

at providing training and employment to women in the<br />

non-traditional occupations with an assured employment<br />

tie-up. In order to have effective implementation of these<br />

schemes, project implementing agencies need to be<br />

oriented towards gender issues besides the gender<br />

concerns in employment and economic aspects of<br />

employment in non-traditional sectors. Keeping this in<br />

view, the Institute organised an Orientation Course for<br />

Representatives of Organisations Implementing<br />

STEP/Swawalamban Programmes. The programme<br />

content broadly covered empowerment of women and<br />

gender-related issues focusing on economic<br />

empowerment of women; policies and programmes for<br />

women’s empowerment; various types of income<br />

generating activities under STEP/Swawalamban project<br />

and gender-biased planning in designing income<br />

generating projects for women; ways to select viable<br />

economic activities; steps involved in implementation;<br />

supervision and management of income generating<br />

projects; marketing the products; linkages and networking<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

with different business support agencies; communication,<br />

negotiation and counselling skills.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

17.11.<strong>2003</strong>-21.11.<strong>2003</strong> 23 Lucknow<br />

Women’s Empowerment<br />

Development involves making investment in<br />

people to enable them to improve the quality of life. The<br />

goals of development cannot be achieved without<br />

focusing on the needs and problems of women<br />

comprising half the population. As human development<br />

becomes a central concern in the agenda of<br />

development, gender equality and equity emerge as<br />

major issues. A variety of programmes in different sectors<br />

of development have been initiated to improve the quality<br />

of life among women and to raise their economic and<br />

social status. The success of these efforts to a very large<br />

extent depends on a clear perspective of gender issues,<br />

needs and problems and gender sensitivity of policy<br />

makers, planners, implementers and field level<br />

functionaries.<br />

Gender training is presented as a way to address<br />

and alter the root causes of systematic inequalities<br />

between women and men in development process.<br />

Gender training is a practical tool for analysing gender<br />

differentiation and provides adequate knowledge<br />

regarding major factors that can influence mainstreaming<br />

or change the equation of gender differentiation. It is an<br />

intervention which aims to change awareness, upgrade<br />

knowledge, skills and behaviours in relation to gender.<br />

It is concerned with developing skills and capacity to<br />

translate awareness into concrete specific actions leading<br />

to positive changes. Keeping the above in view, the<br />

Institute organised a Gender Training on Women’s<br />

Empowerment. The training content broadly covered<br />

basic concepts of gender; gender analysis framework;<br />

tools and techniques of gender planning; gender<br />

indicators and budgeting; participatory approach in<br />

formulating project; voluntary action for women’s<br />

development and incorporating gender in NGOs, agenda;<br />

constitutional provisions and legal safeguards for women;<br />

29


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

policies, programmes and machinery for advancement<br />

of women; capacity building of women in difficult<br />

circumstances; economic, political and social<br />

empowerment of women; developing communication,<br />

negotiation, assertive and leadership skills among<br />

women; networking among different agencies; gender<br />

and violence; locus, manifestation and strategies for<br />

combating violence; gender differentiation in education<br />

and vocational training and strategies for correction;<br />

gender dimensions of health and population control;<br />

participatory approaches in gender training etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

01.12.<strong>2003</strong>-12.12.<strong>2003</strong> 33 New Delhi<br />

Women Empowerment for SHGs<br />

World attention is being focused on the status<br />

and conditions of women for last two three decades.<br />

Efforts are being made to uplift the status of women<br />

through various developmental processes. In India, the<br />

Depart-ment of Women and Child Development has<br />

initiated many programmes such as Rashtriya Mahila<br />

Kosh (RMK), Swa-Shakti, Swayamsiddha, STEP etc.<br />

as a progressive step towards alleviating poverty and<br />

empowerment of women. While reviewing the progress<br />

regarding formation of SHGs especially through RMK,<br />

the lack of response from NGOs in the majority of states<br />

from the North-Eastern region was observed. Keeping<br />

this in view, the Regional Centre, Guwahati organised<br />

a Skill Training on Women Empowerment for SHGs.<br />

The course contents included empowerment of women<br />

with focus on economic empowerment; gender-related<br />

issues; policies and programmes for women<br />

development; formation of Self-Help Groups: need and<br />

importance, methods etc; sources of credit and<br />

strategies including SHGs of women, financial and<br />

accounts management; leadership and communication<br />

skills; role of various agencies in coordination and<br />

convergence of services in formation and sustenance<br />

of SHGs of women.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

18.08.<strong>2003</strong>-22.08.<strong>2003</strong> 47 Guwahati<br />

30<br />

Micro-Enterprises and Small Business<br />

Development<br />

Self-Help Groups (SHGs) consist of members who<br />

are poor having low saving capacity and generally<br />

depending on money lenders or private sources for<br />

meeting their consumption and emergent needs. An SHG<br />

comprises like-minded individuals who volunteer to save<br />

small amounts of money in a common pool, out of which<br />

need-based loans are given to members for meeting their<br />

emergent credit requirements based on the priorities<br />

decided by the group. The group members take collective<br />

decisions on all matters including those relating to terms<br />

of credit viz, purpose, size, interest rate and repayment<br />

period. They exercise close supervision on utilisation of<br />

loans and exert peer and moral pressure on members to<br />

A session on Microenterprise & Small Business Development.<br />

continue savings and repay loans promptly in time. In other<br />

words, SHG can be referred to as a group of poor women<br />

who own, manage and control a micro bank of their own.<br />

The opportunity cost for poor in SHG Mechanism is quite<br />

high for they put in their stakes from out of their hard earned<br />

savings. It is, therefore, necessary that innovative,<br />

imaginative and efficient approaches are used to<br />

channelise energies of rural women to secure all those<br />

conditions that encourage their well being.<br />

With majority of tribal and backward communities,<br />

the strengthening of SHGs is more relevant and desired<br />

for upliftment of poor and downtrodden societies in<br />

Chhattisgarh. In last few years, thousands of SHGs have<br />

come up in Chhattisgarh as in other parts of the country.


Majority of SHGs are formed under ICDS programme<br />

with the active support of NGOs. NABARD is also playing<br />

crucial role in strengthening of SHGs. It is increasingly<br />

realised that for strengthening SHGs, the capacity and<br />

skills of different stakeholders like ICDS functionaries<br />

and NGOs involved in SHG formation need to be<br />

enhanced and updated keeping in view the area-specific<br />

needs and problems. Keeping the above in view, the<br />

Regional Centre, Indore organised three-day Training<br />

of Trainers on Micro Enterprise and Small Business<br />

Development to strengthen Self Help Groups (SHGs).<br />

The broad contents of the programme included formation<br />

and strengthening of SHGs; schemes for SHGs; financial<br />

accounting system for SHGs; SHG - bank linkage<br />

programmes; entrepreneurship concept, nature and<br />

need; communication and negotiation skill; basic<br />

concepts in gender; rural women development and<br />

empowerment project; national training policy etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

09.12.<strong>2003</strong>-12.12.<strong>2003</strong> 39 Raipur<br />

Another Training of Trainers on Promotion and<br />

Sustenance of SHGs was organised by the Regional<br />

Centre, Indore. The programme content included<br />

mobilisation of women’s groups and essential skills for<br />

motivation and leadership; communication, negotiation<br />

and conflict resolution for effective management of<br />

SHGs; use of participatory learning appraisal/<br />

An off-campus Programme for Trainers on Sustenance of Self-Help<br />

Groups organised by Indore Centre in Gujarat.<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

participatory rural appraisal techniques; role of self help<br />

groups in women’s health; management of finance and<br />

maintenance of activities of SHGs; networking of self<br />

help groups in cluster development; gender and gender<br />

development; and linkages of SHGs with financial<br />

institutions /agencies.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

16.12.<strong>2003</strong>-20.12.<strong>2003</strong> 29 Gandhi<br />

Nagar<br />

Gender Sensitisation of Police, Prosecution,<br />

Judicial, Social and Probation Officers<br />

Social Justice is the human essence of the Indian<br />

Constitution. Gender Justice is one of its important<br />

aspects of social justice. Therefore several provisions<br />

have been made in our legal framework to ensure<br />

gender justice. To provide the benefits of these<br />

provisions, it is necessary to create gender sensitivity<br />

and awareness among all concerned. Keeping the<br />

above in view the Institute organised Gender<br />

Sensitisation Training for the Police, Prosecution<br />

and Probation Officers of Gujarat. The programme<br />

mainly aimed at sensitising the participants on gender<br />

issues and workout strategy for gender justice;<br />

discussing the situation of women in difficult<br />

circumstances who are forced to interact with police<br />

both as accused and victim as also women under<br />

custody/detention; working out the action plan for<br />

gender-sensitive delivery of justice and law<br />

enforcement. The content of the programme broadly<br />

covered crime against women: a sociological analysis<br />

with reference to the State, psychological and physical<br />

violence on women; protective laws and their<br />

enforcement; sexual harassment at work place and<br />

recent guidelines issued by Supreme Court of India on<br />

this subject; women and domestic violence; issues<br />

related to trafficking and prostitution of girls and women;<br />

custodial care for women; distinctive reforms; and<br />

incorporating gender issues in training.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

18.03.<strong>2004</strong>-20.03.<strong>2004</strong> 75 Gandhi<br />

Nagar<br />

31


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

Gender Sensitisation Workshops<br />

In the successive Five-Year Plans, a variety of<br />

programmes in different sectors of development have<br />

been initiated in our country to improve the life<br />

conditions of women and to raise their economic and<br />

social status. These programmes are implemented by<br />

different Ministries and Departments. Besides centrally<br />

sponsored schemes, the State Governments have also<br />

launched several schemes for welfare and development<br />

of women. The Government has increasingly recognised<br />

the role of voluntary sector in women’s<br />

development. Besides UN agencies, many international,<br />

bilateral and multilateral development and donor<br />

agencies have included ‘gender and development’ in<br />

their agenda. The success of these efforts, to a very<br />

large extent, depends on a clear perspective on gender<br />

issues, gender needs and gender sensitivity of policy<br />

makers, planners, implementers and field level<br />

functionaries. The development objectives may not<br />

achieve the desired results if some critical gender needs<br />

are not addressed properly. Most people working in<br />

such programmes may not discriminate against women<br />

intentionally, yet this may happen, if they do not have<br />

the necessary awareness and sensitivity towards<br />

gender issues.<br />

As part of Women Empowerment Year (2001),<br />

Karnataka State Women’s Development Corporation<br />

(KSWDC) prepared an action plan, based on which the<br />

Institute organised three one-day Gender Sensitisation<br />

Workshops for Senior District level Officials to update<br />

their knowledge on gender issues. The main objectives<br />

of these workshops were to enrich the understanding of<br />

participants about gender issues; enable them to develop<br />

a clear perspective and understanding of linkages<br />

between gender and development; provide them<br />

information on policies and programmes for women’s<br />

development; and share the experiences of participants<br />

on gender issues.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

16.12.<strong>2003</strong> 28 Gulbarga<br />

28.01.<strong>2004</strong> 28 Belgaum<br />

03.02.<strong>2004</strong> 25 Mysore<br />

32<br />

Communication Materials for Awareness<br />

Generation<br />

As a part of project formulation, under STEPinitiated<br />

Women Dairy Cooperative Societies,<br />

awareness generation programmes are conducted in<br />

order to ensure all round capacity building of women<br />

beneficiaries. Awareness in the area of health and<br />

nutrition, legal literacy, gender sensitisation is imparted<br />

as a supplementary input to enhance the knowledge<br />

and skills of target beneficiaries. Presently, each state<br />

is using its own resources and methodology for<br />

imparting Awareness Generation activities. A survey<br />

undertaken by the Institute on communication material<br />

used under STEP programme indicated that there are<br />

no specific materials available for awareness generation<br />

programme for women in dairy sector. Wherever some<br />

materials are available they are not targeted at women<br />

in dairy sector. Hence, they are not comprehensive as<br />

they are made for different target groups under different<br />

schemes/programmes. It has also been observed that<br />

usage of communication material for such activities are<br />

Deliberations at the National Meet for Dairy Sector; 3rd from left is<br />

Smt. VS Rao, Jt. Secretary, DWCD and to her right, Dr. Usha Abrol,<br />

Regional Director, Bangalore.<br />

inadequate for sensitising women in the dairy sector.<br />

The material used for such activities varies in terms of<br />

its content, messages, and its specificity. There is no<br />

uniformity in terms of the modality of conveying the<br />

messages vis-a-vis resource persons. Therefore, there<br />

is a need for standardising the material to ensure a<br />

uniform framework. However, related information from<br />

various parts of the country is also not available. In


view of this, the Institute organised a National<br />

Consultation Meet on Communi-cation Materials for<br />

Awareness Generation for Women in Dairy Sector.<br />

The main objectives of the meet were to discuss the<br />

communication material used for awareness generation<br />

programmes by different states; identify the gaps and<br />

develop the need-based relevant material; and evolve<br />

a consensus for developing a prototype communication<br />

material that could be used for Awareness Generation<br />

Programme for Women in Dairy Sector.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

29.12.<strong>2003</strong>-30.12.<strong>2003</strong> 31 Bangalore<br />

Orientation for Family Counselling Centres<br />

Central Social Welfare Board through its State<br />

Social Welfare Advisory Board extends financial<br />

assistance to voluntary organisations for running Family<br />

Counselling Centres mainly with the objectives of helping<br />

families/individuals to sort out and cope with many<br />

marital/familial problems. Counselling is not just an act<br />

of advising or guiding another person. The art of<br />

counselling depends much on the specific knowledge,<br />

understanding, skill, attitudes and values of the<br />

counsellors. In order to ensure that the Family Counselling<br />

Centres financed by it effectively serve the clients,<br />

Assam State Social Welfare Advisory Board approached<br />

the Regional Centre, Guwahati to impart training to the<br />

Counsellors and the Office Bearers of those voluntary<br />

organisations who are running Family Counselling<br />

Centres in Assam. Accordingly, the Regional Centre,<br />

Guwahati organised an Orientation Training for<br />

Counsellors of Family Counselling Centres. The<br />

content broadly covered status of women with special<br />

reference to regional differences; introduction to<br />

counselling - its methods, elements and stages in<br />

counselling; activities for development of a counsellor;<br />

the relationship between counsellor and counsellee;<br />

introduction to family system - issues, structure, and<br />

changes; family dynamics and family stresses and<br />

problems in Indian families; crisis management and<br />

methods of working with families and function of social<br />

workers; introduction to therapeutic techniques etc.<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

18.08.<strong>2003</strong>-29.08.<strong>2003</strong> 24 Guwahati<br />

Following this, the Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

organised an Orientation Training for Office Bearers<br />

of Family Counselling Centres. The content of the<br />

training programme included introduction to counselling<br />

and basic concepts and skills in counselling; role of officebearers<br />

and responsibilities of family counsellors in<br />

relation to the family counselling centres; monitoring and<br />

supervision of family counselling centres; laws/<br />

legislations pertaining to women; working and liaisoning<br />

with other governmental institutions, NGOs etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

04.09.<strong>2003</strong>-05.09.<strong>2003</strong> 19 Guwahati<br />

Investigation and Gender Justice<br />

Violence/crime against women is a global<br />

phenomenon and its manifestation varies from culture to<br />

culture. They are the reflection of deep-rooted social evils<br />

and expression of “Gender Ideology” which systematically<br />

discriminates and suppresses women. The unequal status<br />

of Indian woman in every field makes her vulnerable to<br />

gender bias, constitutional equality notwithstanding.<br />

Violence and crimes against women in India are yet to be<br />

eradicated completely. The typical categories of crimes<br />

as reported officially are rape, molestation, kidnapping and<br />

abduction of women and girls, eve teasing and dowry<br />

deaths - having ample gaps for such incidences like<br />

foeticide, sati, witch hunting etc. The role of Law<br />

Enforcement Agencies (LEA) particularly Police has been<br />

found crucial in curbing violence against women. To<br />

promote sensitisation of police personnel on these issues<br />

for better enforcement of laws on the culprits, the Regional<br />

Centre, Indore organised a five-day Gender Sensitisation<br />

Training Programme on Investigation and Gender<br />

Justice for Law Enforcement Agencies of Madhya<br />

Pradesh in collaboration with Police Training School,<br />

Indore. The contents of the programme covered overview<br />

of situation of women in the State; constitutional provisions<br />

and legislations to support women; investigation of womenrelated<br />

cases and gender justice; violence, crime against<br />

33


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

women – prevalence and precautions; government and<br />

social organisations providing support services to women<br />

and girls in distress; sensitising the police in understanding<br />

women’s issues of crimes and violence and support legally<br />

and morally; and other relevant issues.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

23.06.<strong>2003</strong>-27.06.<strong>2003</strong> 22 Indore<br />

Sensitisation on Women and Children:<br />

Intervention Strategies<br />

Realising the situation of Women and Children<br />

in our country, Government has initiated various<br />

measures. The Five-Year Plans of Government of India<br />

have laid adequate emphasis on Women and Children<br />

in its developmental schemes and programmes. As in<br />

the past, the Tenth Five-Year Plan (2002-2007) has also<br />

focused on need for promotion and development of<br />

women and children in country’s developmental<br />

agenda. The Government reaffirms that investment in<br />

these programmes means investment in country’s<br />

progress. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child<br />

(CRC), ratified by our country in 1992 also provides a<br />

strong base for initiating necessary legal and other<br />

developmental measures for the protection of rights of<br />

the child. The recommendations that emerged from the<br />

Working Group on Child Development during the Ninth<br />

Plan Period aimed at quality improvement in Early<br />

Childhood Care and Development. Under the Beijing<br />

Declaration, India is committed to develop and<br />

implement strategies based on the needs and efforts<br />

of poor women; eradiate illiteracy among women by<br />

ensuring elementary education for girls and access for<br />

women to meet the educational needs of women at the<br />

local level; ensure access of women, throughout their<br />

life cycle to appropriate, affordable and quality heath<br />

care information and related issues; eliminate violence<br />

against women through integrated measures to prevent<br />

and protect them from becoming victims of all kinds of<br />

violence etc.<br />

The feedback on implementation of these<br />

schemes and programmes in the state of Rajasthan has<br />

34<br />

shown that the social evil practices such as “Sati Pratha,”<br />

“Nath Pratha,” “Early Marriage” ‘’Purdah System” etc.<br />

have been the major causes of poor implementation of<br />

these programmes. There is a need to review<br />

programmes related to women and children and<br />

recommend suitable intervention measures for better<br />

implementation in the State. Keeping the above in view,<br />

the Regional Centre, Indore organised, in collaboration<br />

with Directorate of Women and Child Development,<br />

Government of Rajasthan, a three-day Sensitisation<br />

Programme on Women and Children: Intervention<br />

Strategies for the State of Rajasthan. The major issues<br />

discussed in the three-day meet were divided into two<br />

phases: In Phase I (Day I) issues related exclusively to<br />

women development/empowerment were discussed and<br />

highlighted whereas in Phase II (Day II) Child<br />

Development issues were in focus. In each of these<br />

phases there were group discussions and presentations.<br />

On Day 3, “Best Practices- Alternative Models for<br />

Development” being implemented in the state were<br />

focused. The presenters included renowned experts and<br />

representatives of reputed organisations like Shri Anil<br />

Bordia, Secretary, Doosra Dashak, Shri Hitesh Gupta,<br />

Secretary Vatsalya and Shri Umakant Ozha of<br />

Lokjumbish. The programme also focused on issues like<br />

constitutional provisions and rights of women and children<br />

including adolescent girls of Rajasthan; plan, policies,<br />

programmes and schemes of women empowerment;<br />

gaps and constraints in developmental interventions for<br />

empowerment of women; and role of social organisations,<br />

Government and other stake holders.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

24.09.<strong>2003</strong>-26.09.<strong>2003</strong> 29 Jaipur<br />

Workshop on ICDS<br />

ICDS has made a remarkable community level<br />

impact by influencing the quality of childcare practice.<br />

Such an activity is a continuous process, which needs to<br />

be supplemented with new concepts and practices,<br />

reinforcement of knowledge and skills. The work force<br />

at managerial and supervisory level, who are making it


successful, need to be constantly reinforced about the<br />

basic philosophy ICDS stands for. In this sphere, some<br />

of the areas of concern are the tips for better service<br />

delivery to women and children, strengthening the<br />

communities’ capabilities for better care of their future<br />

generation etc. This would be possible through constant<br />

interaction with the implementing machinery by making<br />

them convinced of its importance and convert them into<br />

social action. Keeping this in view, the Regional Centre,<br />

Bangalore organised a Workshop on ICDS for District<br />

Officers of Tamil Nadu. The main objectives of the<br />

workshop were to re-orient the participants towards the<br />

origin, history, concept, principles of Anganwadis; re-look<br />

at the concept, definition of the child, its features and<br />

strategies at different stages of Child Development;<br />

review the concept of ‘karyakarti’; and make a critical<br />

analysis of women empowerment and its relevance to<br />

ICDS.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

26.02.<strong>2004</strong> 45 Chennai<br />

Counselling for CHILDLINE and Street Children<br />

Functionaries<br />

Functioning since 2001 in Guwahati, CHILDLINE<br />

has been catering to the children in distress the city.<br />

Indian Council for Child Welfare (ICCW), Assam State<br />

Branch has been acting as the collaborative agency for<br />

CHILDLINE. ICCW, Assam State Branch is also running<br />

projects for street children in Guwahati. Functionaries of<br />

both CHILDLINE and street children projects have to<br />

counsel children as well as parents/guardians and<br />

relatives of the children on various issues relating to care<br />

and protection of these neglected/distressed children. It<br />

is imperative that these functionaries possess minimum<br />

skills on counselling techniques and other relevant<br />

subjects. The Regional Centre, Guwahati, as the Nodal<br />

Agency for CHILDLINE, organised an Orientation<br />

Training on Counselling for CHILDLINE and Street<br />

Children Functionaries. The contents of the programme<br />

included introduction to counselling - its methods,<br />

elements and stages; qualities of good counsellor and<br />

activities for development of a counsellor; developing<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

listening skills with exercises; developing effective<br />

communication and interviewing skills; need and<br />

limitations of information and advice giving in counselling;<br />

counselling to special groups; problem solving and<br />

coping with feelings in counselling; counselling children<br />

with behavioural problems.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

25.09.<strong>2003</strong>-26.09.<strong>2003</strong> 25 Guwahati<br />

Childline<br />

The personnel working on the Childline project<br />

are required to be equipped with information, knowledge<br />

and skills in order to respond to calls for helping children.<br />

Such a job entails quick reflexes, deft handling, and skills<br />

such as listening, conversation, counselling, reporting,<br />

record keeping, documentation, mentoring etc. Capacity<br />

building of these personnel is an important element of<br />

improving the work of Childline. While Childline India<br />

Foundation takes up the issues and organises<br />

programmes, their basic idea is to provide a forum to<br />

exchange experiences of a particular region and relate<br />

these to city-level interventions. Thus, skill-level activity<br />

for city-level Childline personnel assumes importance at<br />

the city-level. In view of this, the Regional Centre,<br />

Lucknow organised a Workshop for Lucknow Childline<br />

Personnel. The main objectives of the Workshop were<br />

to strengthen the working of Lucknow Childline personnel<br />

by providing information inputs (on subjects such as<br />

reporting, recording, listening and conversation – faceto-face<br />

and through telephone, tele-counselling etc.); and<br />

improve service delivery by case-discussions.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

3.10.<strong>2003</strong> 29 Lucknow<br />

Child Net is a customised software for archiving<br />

information collected while implementing Childline. It is<br />

therefore necessary for childline personnel to familiarise<br />

themselves with the software in order to use it. In view of<br />

this, the Regional Centre, Lucknow organised a<br />

Workshop on Implementation of ChildNet for<br />

Lucknow Childline Personnel. The contents of the<br />

35


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

workshop included an introduction to Windows and MS<br />

Office software. It also implemented practical examples<br />

and usage on ChildNet Software. The participants<br />

actually used the software during the workshop.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

25.05.<strong>2003</strong> 15 Lucknow<br />

Universal Children’s Day<br />

Every year, Children’s Day, the day of Pandit<br />

Jawahar Lal Nehru, the country’s first Prime Minister’s<br />

birthday on 14th of November is celebrated throughout<br />

the country with colour and vigour. This year too, the<br />

country was enthusiastically planning for different<br />

programmes for celebration of Children’s Day. The<br />

Minister of State for Human Resource Development<br />

conceived an innovative idea of collating children’s<br />

expressions regarding their thoughts, feelings and<br />

expectations on the occasion of Children’s Day falling in<br />

<strong>2003</strong>. She believed that in today’s world, when the<br />

country was witnessing technological advancement,<br />

there was still continued disparity of all kinds, illiteracy<br />

and lack of services for basic survival and development<br />

36<br />

of children. Consequently, children were facing<br />

tremendous difficulties. In this context it was worth<br />

understanding their needs and difficulties by asking them<br />

to express themselves. It was believed that<br />

understanding children’s perspective would greatly<br />

facilitate the government to contextually plan services,<br />

programmes and schemes for them. Thus, she<br />

suggested that Children’s Day of this 56th year of<br />

independence be celebrated through a symbolic activity<br />

of asking children to express themselves on 56 meter<br />

long canvas of white Khadi.<br />

In almost all the states the Children’s Day was<br />

celebrated at the State Level as a weeklong programme<br />

of cultural, creative and educational activities. Along with<br />

these, the activity of collating ‘Children’s Expressions” was<br />

carried in 24 states and union territory of Pondicherry. In<br />

certain states special workshops for children, parents and<br />

Anganwadi Workers were organised on different themes.<br />

Amidst this vibrant and colourful environment a white slate<br />

of 56 meter Khadi cloth was spread out for the children to<br />

express themselves. Children were divided into groups<br />

and were familiarised with the activity through their<br />

Childern’s Day celebrated by the Institute and its Regional Centres drew wide response from children and the community.


coordinators. When children realised that the Government<br />

was very serious about seeking their opinion and views<br />

and in understanding their thoughts and feelings, they felt<br />

quite motivated. A similar event was organised at Bal<br />

Bhavan, New Delhi on the occasion of Children’s Day on<br />

14 November <strong>2003</strong> wherein children from all over India<br />

(predominantly from Delhi) attending a Mega event<br />

organised by Bal Bhavan also expressed their views on<br />

the 56 meter long cloth. This event was witnessed by,<br />

among prominent dignitaries, Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi,<br />

Hon’ble Minister of Human Resource Development and<br />

Smt. Jaskaur Meena, Hon’ble Minister of State for Human<br />

Resource Development. In all about eleven thousand<br />

children participated in the activity. The responses of<br />

children were analysed by Psychologists and based on<br />

this analysis a report has been brought out.<br />

C. SPONSORED<br />

Capacity Building of ICDS Manpower in<br />

Nutrition and Health Education and Monitoring<br />

and <strong>Report</strong>ing<br />

The institutional training provided to the ICDS<br />

functionaries at the time of recruitment is very basic.<br />

During the institutional training, the exposure of the<br />

trainees to the field situation is limited. This affects their<br />

ability to apply the knowledge gained to the practical,<br />

actual field situation. Also, during this training, they get<br />

only a limited experience of conducting the household<br />

survey, techniques of community education for increasing<br />

the coverage of beneficiaries, linking the advantages of<br />

supplementary nutrition with better nutrition and health<br />

status and on monitoring the uptake of food commodity<br />

and measuring its impact. Hence, the effectiveness of<br />

these functionaries in the field is compromised. To<br />

improve the ICDS programme implementation, it is<br />

imperative that the institutional training is followed up<br />

with recurrent training.<br />

Amongst the various skills required by the ICDS<br />

functionaries, the two most important skills are nutrition<br />

and health education (NHED) and monitoring and<br />

reporting. Unfortunately, both these areas are also the<br />

weakest links in ICDS. Nutrition and health education is<br />

a very dynamic area and it is essential that its concepts<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

are regularly reinforced and updated with the latest<br />

information. In addition, it is essential to provide<br />

appropriate skills to these functionaries to be good<br />

communicators so that they become effective change<br />

agents. Monitoring and reporting is the key component<br />

of the programme that helps to assess the quality of<br />

programme implementation and helps to steer the<br />

programme towards improved implementation. It is,<br />

therefore, essential to build capacity of the ICDS<br />

functionaries to understand the basic issues of nutrition<br />

and health in the community, be effective communicator,<br />

understand the need for correct reporting and<br />

assessment of the field situation, and use this information<br />

for improving programme implementation. With this in<br />

view, a Course on Capacity Building of ICDS<br />

Manpower in Nutrition and Health Education and<br />

Monitoring and <strong>Report</strong>ing in WFP-Assisted Projects<br />

was organised for Rajasthan (districts Banswara,<br />

Chittorgarh and Dungerpur). The course content broadly<br />

covered trainers’ perception on role of AWWs/<br />

Supervisors/CDPOs in the delivery of nutrition and health<br />

services; importance of correct reporting and its<br />

interpretation for improved programme implementation;<br />

identification of critical issues in health and nutrition –<br />

an overview; understanding the critical issues such as<br />

maternal health and nutrition; feeding and care of young<br />

children; immunization and care during common<br />

childhood diseases; refresher on growth monitoring and<br />

counselling etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

28.04.<strong>2003</strong>-02.05.<strong>2003</strong> 45 Udaipur<br />

Juvenile Justice<br />

Several discussions have taken place on juvenile<br />

justice system in order to meet new challenges and<br />

bring it in conformity with UN Convention on the Rights<br />

of the Child. Now with the enactment of the Juvenile<br />

Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, it<br />

is important that persons working in Juvenile justice<br />

system are made aware of the important changes<br />

introduced in the new Act. Last year Delhi Police<br />

Training College took the initiative to approach the<br />

37


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

Institute with a proposal to train the police from all nine<br />

districts of Delhi police on the provisions of the JJ Act.<br />

It resulted into fruitful collaboration between the Delhi<br />

Police, the institute and the Police Training College. Dr<br />

Kiran Bedi, the most widely known police woman of<br />

the country took an active interest in this endeavour.<br />

She not only ensured that policemen were deputed for<br />

the training but also attended a number of valedictory<br />

sessions of these courses to acquaint her personally<br />

of the utility of these courses. This year also, the Institute<br />

organised an Orientation course on Juvenile Justice<br />

(Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 for the<br />

Police Officers of Delhi. The contents covered were<br />

CRC and its implication for juvenile justice system;<br />

inquiry about the juvenile; apprehension of the juvenile<br />

in conflict with law; punishment for cruelty, employing<br />

for begging, giving liquor or narcotic to juvenile or child;<br />

cognizable offences; socio-psychological needs of<br />

children; role of police in protecting the interest of<br />

children and restoring them to their family/parents; role<br />

of childline services etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

24.06.<strong>2003</strong>-27.06.<strong>2003</strong> 25 New Delhi<br />

Skill Building in Research Methodology<br />

Academicians and researchers from universities<br />

and other research organisations as a part of their<br />

academic activities carry out major chunk of social<br />

research on social issues. Technical and academic<br />

institutions/organisations are also involved in undertaking<br />

micro/macro level research projects and supervising<br />

masters/ Ph.D. dissertations as a part of their academic<br />

activities. In order to contribute significantly to the<br />

discipline of social science research, it is necessary to<br />

improve the quality research for providing empirical basis<br />

for policy formulation.<br />

There is an urgent need therefore, to keep the<br />

academicians abreast with contemporary changes and<br />

developments in the field of research approaches. In view<br />

of the above, the Institute, in collaboration with ICSSR,<br />

organised an Orientation Course on Research<br />

38<br />

Methodology for the Faculty of Social Sciences of<br />

North-Eastern Region. The contents broadly covered<br />

qualitative and quantitative framework of research -<br />

introduction and overview; research paradigms, designing<br />

research, special techniques and methods for doing<br />

research – case study, interview, observation and action<br />

research and data analysis, use of computer packages<br />

and report writing. Group exercises were held for providing<br />

hand- on experiences to participants.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

24.11.<strong>2003</strong>-05.12.<strong>2003</strong> 35 Agartala<br />

Project Formulation for Social Interventions<br />

The role of social scientists in formulation, appraisal<br />

and evaluation of social development programme is being<br />

increasingly recognised. Project designing, monitoring and<br />

evaluation are critical inputs for realising the objectives of<br />

social development programmes and projects. Several<br />

intervention projects at the community level are being<br />

implemented by Government and non-Government<br />

agencies. The research methodology and statistical<br />

techniques seek useful information according to the facts/<br />

data, through structured procedures and conforming to<br />

rigour of research. Diversity and multidisciplinary approach<br />

of research in social sciences makes it imperative that the<br />

methodology used is sound. Also the efficacy and rigour<br />

determines the quality and subsequently its relevance to<br />

policy decisions.<br />

Statistical techniques are important part of survey<br />

and research methods. It is also an essential area in<br />

which a researcher should possess adequate<br />

competence and skills to carry out survey/research work<br />

effectively/efficiently. These techniques facilitate in<br />

meaningful analysis and interpretation of data.<br />

Application of statistical techniques in social sciences<br />

research is also essential in terms of analysis of data in<br />

different dimensions and interpretation of data to arrive<br />

at conclusions. The statistical techniques and research<br />

methods are interlinked in nature; one supplements the<br />

other and is interrelated and dependent as tools for<br />

interpretation of data related to social situations.


For designing these developmental programmes,<br />

researchers and academicians are mainly drawn from<br />

disciplines of Social Work, Home Science and Social<br />

Sciences. Unless teachers at Universities are provided<br />

skills in project formulation, implementation and<br />

appraisal, they will not be able to meet these<br />

expectations. In view of these, the Institute organised a<br />

Refresher Course on Project Formulation for Social<br />

Interventions: Application of Social Science Research<br />

Methods and Statistical Techniques. The focus of the<br />

course was on covering theoretical/practical constructs<br />

related to project formulation, appraisal, monitoring and<br />

evaluation of social development programmes.<br />

Participatory methodology was used as far as possible<br />

including group work, discussions, field exercises and<br />

presentations. Course participants were exposed to the<br />

tools and methods used in survey/research work with<br />

communities. Planning social research design based on<br />

statistical techniques in terms of sample selection, tool<br />

designing and data analysis were other important<br />

components of the course contents.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

05.01.<strong>2004</strong>-24.01.<strong>2004</strong> 17 New Delhi<br />

Shishuinfo: A Data Base Software<br />

The Department of Women and Child<br />

Development is in the process of finalising a National<br />

Plan of Action for Children which will specify goals and<br />

targets for the next decade on critical indicators relating<br />

to children and women in India. Similarly, the State<br />

Governments are also developing the State-specific<br />

Action Plans for Children. Following this, it is also<br />

proposed to draw up need-based district plans of Action,<br />

which would address specific gap areas.<br />

One of the key starting points of any planning<br />

process is to assess and analyse relevant data and<br />

information. In order to<br />

develop evidence-based<br />

plan that is realistic,<br />

achievable and<br />

measurable, Department<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

of Women and Child Development (DWCD), in collaboration<br />

with UNICEF, has developed a software ‘Shishuinfo: A<br />

Database Software’. It is hoped that the software would<br />

facilitate to assess and analyse relevant data and information<br />

and support plans related to children based on a sound<br />

situational analysis.<br />

At the instance of DWCD, the Institute, in<br />

collaboration with UNICEF, organised two<br />

Orientation Workshops on Shishuinfo: A Database<br />

Software for the officials from Directorate of Planning,<br />

Economics and Statistics and Department of Women<br />

and Child Development of Southern and North-Eastern<br />

States in order to orient the key personnel in planning<br />

and developing Action Plans for Children. The<br />

objectives of the Regional Workshops were to give<br />

hands-on training on the software; help tap data<br />

available at the lowest geographical level and by subpopulations;<br />

and to generate tables, graphs and maps<br />

for reports, reviews and presentations with basic<br />

computer skills.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

17.02.<strong>2004</strong>-18.02.<strong>2004</strong> 25 Bangalore<br />

23.02.<strong>2004</strong>-24.02.<strong>2004</strong> 30 Guwahati<br />

Consultation on National Plan of Action on<br />

Children<br />

The Regional Centre, Bangalore, in collaboration<br />

with Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Government of India, organised a Southern Regional<br />

Consultation on National Plan of Action on Children<br />

with a view to formulating National Plan of Action for<br />

Children for the current decade 2000-2010. The<br />

programme was attended by 75 representatives of<br />

NGOs, senior government officials from the states of<br />

Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala,<br />

Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and representatives<br />

of UNICEF, NIPCCD and Officials from WCD,<br />

Government of Karnataka.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

16. 06. <strong>2003</strong> 75 Bangalore<br />

39


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

Gender Justice and Role of Police<br />

Police responsibility has increased over the years.<br />

In addition to law and order management, police are also<br />

supposed to handle a whole range of social issues in the<br />

light of various social legislations. However, repeatedly police<br />

are criticized for its bureaucratic and routine crime control<br />

measures, its indifference to clientele and its alienation from<br />

the community. There is hardly any attempt to inculcate<br />

qualities such as endurance, sympathetic attitude, patience,<br />

and respect for the individual etc. within the police force.<br />

The use of force, abusive language, use of third degree<br />

methods, suspecting every person to be a criminal are some<br />

characteristics of police culture. Despite many legal<br />

provisions and social programmes for the protection of<br />

women, the women remain unprotected not only by the<br />

lawbreakers, but also by the so-called pro-tectors of law.<br />

Many a time “custodial rape” by disciplined force hits<br />

headlines of newspapers. The law enforcement machinery<br />

has an important role to play in preventing and controlling<br />

crimes against women. The enforcement machinery,<br />

particularly at the middle level in general is yet to be fully<br />

sensitive to the problems and woes of women in a humane<br />

way. Women interacting with enforcement agencies feel<br />

lost and suffer from guilt, self-blame, anger and depression.<br />

It is, therefore, necessary to create sustainable<br />

gender sensitivity and awareness in police personnel for<br />

long-term solution to the problem of crimes against women.<br />

Keeping this in view, the Regional Centre, Bangalore<br />

organised a Vertical Interaction Course on Gender<br />

Justice and Role of the Police for senior police personnel.<br />

This programme was organised at the behest of Bureau<br />

of Police Research and Development. The training broadly<br />

covered topics related to gender issues and gender<br />

concerns. It included situational analysis of women; issues<br />

related to domestic violence, dowry, rape, eve teasing,<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

08.12.<strong>2003</strong>-13.12.<strong>2003</strong> 18 Bangalore<br />

trafficking and police interventions towards women in crisis;<br />

government support including coordination between police<br />

and NGOs; training need analysis and related issues.<br />

40<br />

Uses of Communication Material for<br />

Awareness Generation Programme<br />

Awareness Generation Activity is an integral part of<br />

Women Dairy Co-operative Society that aims at building<br />

the capacity of women. The issues in Health and Nutrition,<br />

Gender Mainstreaming and Legal Literacy are the three<br />

major crucial advocacy issues identified for capacity<br />

development of women. Presently, there is no framework<br />

or standardised communication materials available for<br />

awareness generation activities. Secondly, the<br />

implementers of STEP programme in the area of awareness<br />

generation activity have often expressed these lacunae and<br />

urged NIPCCD for conducting workshops, in order to equip<br />

themselves for such activities. This need was also expressed<br />

in the National Consultation Meet for Communication<br />

Material, which was held on 29 and 30 December <strong>2003</strong>.<br />

During the meet, it was realised that a comprehensive<br />

module along with communication material was required<br />

for facilitation of awareness generation activities for women<br />

in dairy sector. With this as background, the institute<br />

developed a training module with the focus on improving<br />

skills of trainers on awareness generation activities. In order<br />

to finalise the module, functionaries of the Milk Union who<br />

are implementing STEP programmes, were invited to fieldtest<br />

and provide their critical views about its usage. Besides,<br />

a forum was also required for orienting the participants to<br />

different issues of awareness generation techniques and<br />

to obtain the feedback on the module. With this as a<br />

backdrop, the Regional Centre, Bangalore organised a<br />

Workshop on Uses of Communication Material for<br />

Awareness Generation Programme under STEP. This<br />

programme was sponsored by Karnataka Milk Federation.<br />

The main objectives of the Workshop were to familiarise<br />

the participants to the strategies of awareness generation<br />

activities; provide skills in conducting awareness generation<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

27.01.<strong>2004</strong>-30.01.<strong>2004</strong> 18 Bangalore<br />

activities using the module, devised for awareness<br />

generation activities; and work out modalities for sensitising<br />

the officials on usage of the module and to develop action


plans for conducting awareness generation activity.<br />

Community-Oriented and Child-Friendly<br />

Policing<br />

At the request of the project Aashwas of Assam<br />

Police, the Regional Centre, Guwahati organised nine<br />

Orientation Training for Assam Police Personnel on<br />

Community-Oriented and Child-Friendly Policing<br />

during the year. These programmes were sponsored by<br />

UNICEF, Kolkata. The main objectives of these<br />

programmes were to develop skills among the<br />

participants to handle and counsel effectively the children/<br />

people showing errant behaviour; equip the police<br />

personnel at all levels to grow and develop better humane<br />

communication skills; and bring a positive attitude<br />

amongst policemen towards community-oriented<br />

policing. The programme content broadly covered<br />

situational analysis of children in India with particular<br />

relevance to Assam; physical and psycho social needs<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

05.05.<strong>2003</strong>-09.05.<strong>2003</strong> 30 Guwahati<br />

19.05.<strong>2003</strong>-23.05.<strong>2003</strong> 32 Guwahati<br />

23.06.<strong>2003</strong>-27.06.<strong>2003</strong> 32 Guwahati<br />

30.06.<strong>2003</strong>-04.07.<strong>2003</strong> 34 Guwahati<br />

07.07.<strong>2003</strong>-11.07.<strong>2003</strong> 30 Guwahati<br />

21.07.<strong>2003</strong>-25.07.<strong>2003</strong> 26 Guwahati<br />

28.07.<strong>2003</strong>-01.08.<strong>2003</strong> 25 Guwahati<br />

19.08.<strong>2003</strong>-23.08.<strong>2003</strong> 41 Guwahati<br />

25.08.<strong>2003</strong>-29.08.<strong>2003</strong> 29 Guwahati<br />

of the children; rights of the children; human rights<br />

concerns in policing; Juvenile Justice Care and Protection<br />

of Children Act, 2000; community policing;<br />

communication, counselling and negotiation skills;<br />

intervention with abused and traumatized children; stress<br />

management etc.<br />

In addition, the Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

organised four Refresher Courses for Assam Police<br />

personnel on Community-Oriented and Child-<br />

Friendly Policing. The programme content broadly<br />

covered situational analysis of children in insurgency-<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

15.12.<strong>2003</strong>-17.12.<strong>2003</strong> 32 Guwahati<br />

18.12.<strong>2003</strong>-20.12.<strong>2003</strong> 31 Guwahati<br />

22.12.<strong>2003</strong>-24.12.<strong>2003</strong> 31 Guwahati<br />

29.12.<strong>2003</strong>- 31.12.<strong>2003</strong> 34 Guwahati<br />

affected areas of Assam; people-oriented policing, areaspecific<br />

strategies; attitudinal change; communication<br />

and interrogation skills; Juvenile Justice (Care and<br />

Protection of Children) Act, 2000; dealing with violenceaffected<br />

children; Handling of complaints more<br />

professionally and humanly etc.<br />

Child Care and Nutrition<br />

Intake of good nutritious food is the key to good<br />

health and wellbeing and inadequate intake both in quality<br />

and quantity leads to malnutrition, particularly<br />

undernutrition, especially in children. Studies indicate that<br />

in Uttar Pradesh, 49 percent of children suffer from protein<br />

energy malnutrition and 58 percent are underweight.<br />

Women’s nutrition and health status is central to the quality<br />

of their lives and is a key determinant of the survival and<br />

healthy development of their children. Despite the fact that<br />

food production has increased over the decades,<br />

malnourishment is a major problem and a majority of Indian<br />

women belonging to the lower socio-economic strata are<br />

undernourished. The major nutritional deficiencies of<br />

concern are protein energy malnutrition, anaemia, iodine<br />

deficiency disorders and vitamin A deficiency. In Uttar<br />

Pradesh over 30 percent women suffer from chronic<br />

energy deficiency [Body Mass Index (BMI) < 8.5] and 60-<br />

70% women in reproductive age (15-45 years) are anaemic<br />

with haemoglobin less than 10g/cl. Women in general and<br />

pregnant women in particular have special nutritional<br />

needs. Keeping in view the importance of nutritional care<br />

of women and children, it was felt necessary to build up<br />

the knowledge and capacity of the supervisors of Mahila<br />

Dairy Project on the issues relating to child care and<br />

nutrition. Hence an Orientation Training on Child Care<br />

Nutrition for Project Staff of Directorate of Mahila Dairy<br />

Project, Uttar Pradesh was organised by the Regional<br />

Centre, Lucknow, sponsored by Directorate of Mahila Dairy<br />

Project, Uttar Pradesh. The content of the training broadly<br />

41


Training/Consultation Meets/Symposia<br />

included importance of good nutrition and healthy living;<br />

health and nutritional status of women and children; health<br />

and nutritional status of women and children; health and<br />

nutritional care of pregnant and lactating women; nutritional<br />

deficiency diseases among pregnant and lactating women;<br />

nutritional care of infants and children; common nutritional<br />

deficiency diseases and micronutrient deficiency diseases<br />

among children; immunisation and home management of<br />

common disease of children; personal hygiene and<br />

environmental sanitation; health and nutritional needs of<br />

42<br />

adolescent girls; importance of milk in maintenance of good<br />

nutrition in women and children and role of field staff in<br />

promoting nutrition and health education among women<br />

of milk cooperative society. A field visit was made to study<br />

how an NGO is working in a community under the<br />

supervision of CARE in providing the health and nutrition<br />

education to the community and at Anganwadi Centres.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

15.03.<strong>2004</strong>-19.03.<strong>2004</strong> 11 Lucknow


two<br />

Training Programmes<br />

under Project UDISHA


Training Programmes<br />

under Project UDISHA<br />

NIPCCD has been designated by the<br />

Department of Women and Child Development (DWCD)<br />

as an apex Institution for training of functionaries of<br />

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)<br />

programme. It has the responsibility of planning,<br />

coordinating and monitoring training; building up<br />

training infrastructure and capabilities of institutions<br />

engaged in training; organising training of trainers;<br />

designing, revising and standardising syllabi for training<br />

of all categories of ICDS functionaries; developing<br />

model programme schedule; and preparing, procuring<br />

and distributing training materials and aids. The Institute<br />

also provides technical support and feedback on training<br />

of ICDS functionaries to the DWCD.<br />

From 1 July 2002, as per the order of DWCD,<br />

Government of India, NIPCCD Headquarters and<br />

44<br />

Status of Programmes/Activities during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Regional Centres discontinued routine training of<br />

category I and II of National Training Component of<br />

Project Udisha with the approved EFC norms i.e. Training<br />

of CDPOs/ACDPOs and Orientation and Refresher<br />

Training of Trainers of AWTCs and MLTCs. However,<br />

North-Eastern States were exempted from this and<br />

Regional Centre, Guwahati continued to organise this<br />

training. Now DWCD, Government of India have issued<br />

another order on 23rd January <strong>2004</strong> regarding restoration<br />

of above training to NIPCCD.<br />

During the year, NIPCCD Regional Centre,<br />

Guwahati, at the request of the State Government also<br />

conducted Training of Supervisors which otherwise is<br />

conducted at Middle Level Training Centres. The status<br />

of programmes/activities related to ICDS training is<br />

shown in the table below.<br />

Category Name of Programme No. of Prog. No. of Parti.<br />

I. Training of l Job Training Course for CDPOs/ACDPOs 5 113<br />

ICDS Functionaries l Refresher Course for CDPOs/ACDPOs 2 43<br />

l Job Training Course for Supervisors * 2 63<br />

II. Training of Trainers l Orientation Training for Trainers of AWTCs 3 77<br />

III. Other Training l Orientation Training for Trainers of STIs 1 10<br />

Programmes l Skill Training for Instructors of AWTCs on IMCI 1 23<br />

l Orientation Training Programme for NIPCCD<br />

Faculty on Use of Revised Curriculum for ICDS<br />

functionaries and Trainers<br />

1 15<br />

V. IEC and l Handbook for AWWs - -<br />

Documentation l Best Training Practices in ICDS - -<br />

l Training Update - -<br />

VI. Seminars/ l Regional Workshop for Training and 1 41<br />

Workshops Communication Materials<br />

VII.Contingency, l Printing and Dissemination of 6 syllabi for - -<br />

Research & Other ICDS Functionaries and Trainers<br />

Projects l Analyses of the reports of visit of Sh. K.D. Joshi,<br />

Vice Chairperson, NIPCCD<br />

- -<br />

* Organised as per the request of State Government


The details of activities/programmes organised<br />

are given in following pages:<br />

CATEGORY I: TRAINING OF ICDS FUNCTIONARIES<br />

(a) Job Training Course (JTC) for CDPOs/<br />

ACDPOs<br />

CDPOs/ACDPOs are provided initial Job Training<br />

of about 2 months at duration NIPCCD Headquarters<br />

and its Regional Centres. The main objectives of these<br />

programmes are to orient CDPOs/ACDPOs to the various<br />

components of ICDS; enable them to develop skills<br />

necessary to become effective managers and<br />

implementers of ICDS programme; acquaint them with<br />

ways of eliciting community participation to maximise the<br />

reach of services of ICDS; and make them aware of their<br />

role and responsibilities and those of other ICDS and<br />

Block functionaries. The revised Job Training given to<br />

CDPOs/CDPOs is of 45 working days and skill-based.<br />

The revised syllabus includes 4 days Supervised<br />

Practice and is based on participatory training<br />

techniques. During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, 113 CDPOs/<br />

ACDPOs received Job Training in 5 courses. The details<br />

of CDPOs/ACDPOs trained is shown in the table.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

19.05.<strong>2003</strong>-11.07.<strong>2003</strong> 22 Guwahati<br />

05.01.<strong>2004</strong>-28.02.<strong>2004</strong> 31 Lucknow<br />

19.01.<strong>2004</strong>-11.03.<strong>2004</strong> 13 Guwahati<br />

27.01.<strong>2004</strong>-20.03.<strong>2004</strong> 23 Bangalore<br />

15.03.<strong>2004</strong>-10.05.<strong>2004</strong> 24 New Delhi<br />

(b) Refresher Course for CDPOs/ACDPOs<br />

Refresher courses for CDPOs/ACDPOs are<br />

organised to keep them abreast of the latest developments<br />

in ICDS and also to enhance their supervisory, monitoring<br />

and liaison skills for effective coordination and<br />

convergence of services at the Anganwadi Centres. During<br />

the year, 43 CDPOs/ACDPOs received Refresher Training<br />

at Regional Centre Guwahati.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

14.07.<strong>2003</strong>- 23.07.<strong>2003</strong> 17 Guwahati<br />

15.12.<strong>2003</strong>-24.12.<strong>2003</strong> 26 Guwahati<br />

(c) Job Training Course for ICDS<br />

Supervisors<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Trainee CPPOs performing field activities during 25th JTC.<br />

On the request of Assam and Nagaland<br />

Governments, NIPCCD Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

organised one Job Training Course for each State and<br />

trained 63 supervisors (26 from Assam and 37 from<br />

Nagaland) with an objective to orient them to the various<br />

components of ICDS; acquaint them with ways of eliciting<br />

community participation to maximise the reach of services<br />

of ICDS; and make them aware of their role and<br />

responsibilities and those of other ICDS and block<br />

functionaries.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

06.10.<strong>2003</strong>-27.11.<strong>2003</strong> 37 Guwahati<br />

01.03.<strong>2004</strong>-21.04.<strong>2004</strong> 26 Guwahati<br />

CATEGORY II: TRAINING OF TRAINERS<br />

(a) Orientation Training of Trainers of<br />

AWTCs<br />

Orientation Training was organised for Instructors<br />

of AWTCs at NIPCCD Regional Centres Bangalore,<br />

Lucknow and Guwahati with an aim to orient them about<br />

ICDS programme; apprise them of their role and<br />

responsibilities and tasks assigned; and make them<br />

aware of academic, administrative and organisational<br />

aspects of training of AWWs and Helpers. During the<br />

year, 77 Instructors of AWTCs received Orientation<br />

Training in three programmes.<br />

45


Training Programmes under Project UDISHA<br />

CATEGORY III: OTHER TRAINING PROGRAMMES<br />

(a) Orientation Training for Trainers of State<br />

Training Institutes (STIs)<br />

NIPCCD Headquarters organised one Orientation<br />

Training for Trainers of STIs with an aim to orient the State<br />

trainers about ICDS programme, services, trends and<br />

challenges; strengthen the skills of state<br />

trainers in planning and organising training<br />

programmes for ICDS functionaries &<br />

Trainers of AWTCs & MLTCs; train them in<br />

use of various training methods and<br />

techniques; apprise them of syllabus and<br />

programme content of training of ICDS functionaries and<br />

trainers and also provide a forum for exchange of innovative<br />

ideas, best training practices and experiences in training.<br />

During the year, 10 state trainers received orientation training.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

21.07.<strong>2003</strong>-02.08.<strong>2003</strong> 10 New Delhi<br />

(b) Skill Training for Instructors of AWTCs<br />

on Integrated Management of Childhood<br />

Illnesses (IMCI)<br />

NIPCCD Headquarters organised one skill<br />

training for instructors of AWTCs on IMCI with an aim<br />

to train the trainers of AWTCs in management of<br />

46<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

03.02.<strong>2004</strong>-16.02.<strong>2004</strong> 17 Lucknow<br />

16.02.<strong>2004</strong>-27.02.<strong>2004</strong> 44 Guwahati<br />

22.03.<strong>2004</strong>-02.04.<strong>2004</strong> 16 Bangalore<br />

A session of Skill Training for Instructors of AWTCs on Integrated<br />

Management of Childhood Illnesses.<br />

childhood illnesses in an integrated manner i.e. Acute<br />

Respiratory Infections (ARIs) Diarrhoea, Malnutrition,<br />

Fever and other common ailments; equip trainers of<br />

AWTCs with technical and communication skills for<br />

assessment, classification & treatment of common<br />

childhood illnesses and ailments; build skills of trainers<br />

of AWTCs in counselling mothers and for providing<br />

home treatment to sick children; strengthen skills of<br />

trainers of AWTCs on suitable training techniques to<br />

impart IMCI training effectively to Anganwadi workers.<br />

During the year, 23 Instructors of AWTCs received skill<br />

training on IMCI.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

22.03.<strong>2004</strong>-26.03.<strong>2004</strong> 23 New Delhi<br />

(c) Orientation Training Programme for<br />

NIPCCD Faculty on use of Revised<br />

Curriculum for ICDS and Trainers<br />

NIPCCD Headquarters organised one orientation<br />

training programme for the faculty of NIPCCD<br />

Headquarters and its Regional Centres on use of Revised<br />

Curriculum for ICDS Functionaries and Trainers with an<br />

Dr. Adarsh Sharma, Director explaining the NIPCCD faculty about the<br />

revised curriculum for ICDS functionaries and trainers. To her right are<br />

Smt. R. Punhani, Jt. Director and Shri Anand Kumar.<br />

aim to familiarise NIPCCD faculty about the special<br />

features of new syllabi for ICDS functionaries and<br />

trainers; build up their skills for adopting systematic<br />

approach in planning and organising training<br />

programmes comprising training need assessment<br />

(TNA), pre-planning of training programmes,<br />

implementation of programmes and their monitoring<br />

and evaluation; apprise the participants about the


innovative training techniques and strengthen the<br />

capabilities in planning and organising practical<br />

exercises, mock session and supervised practice during<br />

the training programmes. During the year, 15 faculty<br />

from NIPCCD Headquarters and Regional Centres<br />

received the orientation training on use of Revised<br />

Curriculum for ICDS Functionaries and Trainers of<br />

AWTCs and MLTCs.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

14.01.<strong>2004</strong>-16.01.<strong>2004</strong> 15 New Delhi<br />

CATEGORY V: IEC AND DOCUMENTATION<br />

(a) Handbook for AWWs<br />

NIPCCD Headquarters prepared the draft of the<br />

Handbook for AWWs in Hindi & <strong>English</strong> with an aim to<br />

provide basic reading material to AWWs for performing their<br />

various tasks effectively. The Handbook comprises mainly<br />

of six parts. Each part covers various subjects related to<br />

role and job responsibilities of AWW. These include:<br />

1. ICDS Programme and Services<br />

2. Early Childhood Care and Development<br />

3. Nutrition and Health Care<br />

4. Information, Education and Communication (IEC)<br />

5. Community Mobilisation and Participation<br />

6. Management of AWC<br />

The Draft Handbook for AWWs was pre-tested in<br />

the workshop organised on 13 September, <strong>2003</strong> at Sawai<br />

Madhopur, Rajasthan. The pre-testing was done with<br />

AWWs, Supervisors, CDPOs and ACDPOs. The final<br />

draft manuscript of the Handbook has been submitted to<br />

Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Government of India.<br />

(b) Best Training Practices in ICDS<br />

Institute has collected the information on Best<br />

training practices adopted in ICDS from different states.<br />

A copy of the compilation has been sent to Department<br />

of women and Child Development, Government of India<br />

for approval.<br />

(c) Training Update<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Training update issues for the year 2002 and <strong>2003</strong><br />

have been sent to Publication Unit for printing.<br />

CATEGORY VI: WORKSHOPS/SEMINARS/MEETS<br />

(a) Regional Workshop for Training and<br />

Communication Materials<br />

NIPCCD Headquarters organised the above<br />

Workshop on 23-25 April <strong>2003</strong> at Pune with an aim to<br />

share state-specific experiences of innovative ICDS<br />

training and communication process and materials and<br />

lessons learnt; develop a common understanding of<br />

UDISHA guidelines on quality improvement of training<br />

and communication and their adaptation in<br />

implementation in state-specific contexts for improved<br />

young child nutrition and development outcomes; and<br />

standardise guidelines for formulating state-specific<br />

communication strategy for ICDS and identifying statespecific<br />

key action for quality improvement in ICDS<br />

training, communication process and materials. The<br />

workshop was attended by 41 experts from the states of<br />

Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan,<br />

Maharashtra Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh.<br />

The outcome of the Workshop were:<br />

i. Understanding of unique features of innovative<br />

ICDS training and communication approaches<br />

across major states in northern and western<br />

region which have contributed to service quality<br />

improvement.<br />

ii. Familiarity with UDISHA guidelines on quality<br />

improvement in ICDS training and<br />

communication; their adaptation/implementation,<br />

modalities for promoting early child care for better<br />

survival, growth and development.<br />

iii. Guidelines for formulation of State communication<br />

strategy for ICDS.<br />

iv. State-specific key actions supporting technical,<br />

resources & timeframe identified.<br />

v. Inventory of core ICDS training material/<br />

communication approaches<br />

47


Training Programmes under Project UDISHA<br />

vi. Regional training technical resource network was<br />

created. During the workshop State presentations<br />

were made by the officials of the participating<br />

States. The training/teaching material prepared<br />

by the States/Organisation was displayed and an<br />

inventory of material was prepared for use in<br />

training. The state-specific action plans were<br />

prepared and presented during the workshop.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

23.04.<strong>2003</strong>-25.04.<strong>2003</strong> 41 Pune<br />

CATEGORY VII: CONTINGENCY, RESEARCH &<br />

OTHER PROJECT<br />

(a) Syllabi for ICDS Functionaries and<br />

Trainers<br />

NIPCCD Headquarters prepared the following 6<br />

syllabi for ICDS functionaries and trainers of AWTCs and<br />

MLTCs and sent to States/UTs for their use.<br />

48<br />

(i) Induction Training of AWWs<br />

(ii) Job Training Course for AWWs<br />

(iii) Job Training Course for Supervisors<br />

(iv) Job Training Course for CDPOs/ACDPOs<br />

(v) Orientation Training for Trainers of<br />

AWTCs/MLTCs/STIs<br />

(vi) Orientation Course for Helpers<br />

(b) <strong>Report</strong>s of Visit of Shri K.D. Joshi, Vice<br />

Chairperson, NIPCCD<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, Shri K.D. Joshi,<br />

Vice-Chairperson NIPCCD, visited AWTCs in nine<br />

states i.e. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu,<br />

Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh,<br />

Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan. AWWs got the<br />

opportunities to be apprised about the process and<br />

stages of child development, social issues and problems<br />

concerning children and women including foeticide and<br />

infanticide, child abuse and care of pregnant women.<br />

Shri K.D. Joshi emphatically pointed out the<br />

importance of yogasans during pregnancy. He actually<br />

performed yogasan which can be easily done by<br />

expectant mothers.<br />

During the visits at different places, Shri Joshi<br />

observed that there are three basic principles of development,<br />

which the functionaries need to rethink for facilitating<br />

the holistic development of the children. These are:<br />

l Hansthe Hansthe Khelo- Play with a smile,<br />

Khelthe Khelthe Seekho – Learn while playing<br />

l Angana is courtyard and the children develop<br />

through experiential learning and not by sitting in<br />

one room. AWC plays significant role in facilitating<br />

such an experiential learning.<br />

l Anganwadi acts like a bridge between the home<br />

and the school. Therefore the responsibilities of<br />

nurturing these children lies with all the ICDS<br />

functionaries as team.<br />

Shri Joshi stressed that the real development could<br />

be achieved only when we strive towards Athmonnathi<br />

(i.e. growth of the self) in every one of us. Quoting the<br />

16th chapter from Bhagavatgeeta he listed 26 Gunas<br />

(characteristics) i.e. fearlessness, transparency,<br />

knowledge, yoga, discipline, service, perseverance, selfdependence,<br />

work culture, patience, submissiveness,<br />

truthfulness, non-annoyance, sacrifice, peace,<br />

selflessness, detachment, tolerance, verve, for-giveness,<br />

courage, gracefulness, non-enmity, clean-liness, kindness<br />

and plain-heartedness.


three<br />

Training/Meeting<br />

Under Other Projects


Training/Meeting<br />

under Other Projects<br />

Swashakti and Swayamsiddha<br />

The Institute has, since 1996, been the Lead<br />

Training Agency (LTA) for Swashakti Project, a Project<br />

which aims at holistic empowerment of women through<br />

formation Self-Help Groups (SHGS) of women at the<br />

grassroots. In pursuance if its objectives the LTA has been<br />

organising training programmes, workshops, orientation<br />

programmes, seminars, etc. besides developing materials<br />

for project functionaries at various levels. It has also been<br />

coordinating inter-State and intra-State programmes in<br />

close coordination with Women Development Corporations<br />

(WDCs) and the State Departments in the nine States<br />

where Swashakti is being implemented. It has been acting<br />

as resource centre on networking the SHGs and the line<br />

departments to make the project an effective tool of<br />

upliftment of poor rural women. These tasks were<br />

continued to be performed during <strong>2003</strong>-04. Lead Training<br />

Agency (LTA) undertook the coordination and<br />

management of the training activities under the Project by<br />

working closely with State Women’s Development<br />

Corporations (WDCs) and the implementing NGOs to<br />

assess State-specific training needs, training priorities of<br />

the Project, identification/preparation of appropriate<br />

training modules and materials, putting WDCs in touch<br />

with out-of-State training resources at their request and<br />

undertook Training of Trainers.<br />

Recognising the useful role of the Institute as an<br />

LTA of Swashakti, the Department of Women and Child<br />

Development, Government of India selected the Institute<br />

as the Lead Agency for ‘Swayamsiddha’, a national-level<br />

empowerment programme for women launched in 2001.<br />

The LTA is expected to perform the multiple roles of<br />

programme supporter, training provider and extend<br />

monitoring and evaluation support for training. The Lead<br />

Agency maintained synergy between the two Projects<br />

by utilising the knowledge gained in its role as LTA for<br />

Swashakti while performing for Swayamsiddha.<br />

The highlights of the initiatives of the Lead<br />

Training Agency during <strong>2003</strong>-04 are presented below.<br />

50<br />

Swashakti<br />

A. TRAINING PROGRAMMES<br />

Induction Course for Newly Recruited Officials<br />

of Swashakti Project<br />

The Lead Training Agency of Swashakti<br />

organised an Induction Course for the Newly<br />

Recruited Officials of Swashakti Project viz. Business<br />

Development Officers, District Project Managers,<br />

Communication Officers, Training Coordinators from<br />

seven States with a view to acquaint them with the<br />

philosophy of Swashakti and rules specific to the project;<br />

sensitise them to the concept of SHG, its dynamics and<br />

orient them about savings in micro credit; familiarise them<br />

with the networking and micro-enterprise development<br />

activities initiated in Swashakti Project.<br />

A view of Induction Course for Newly Recruited Officials of<br />

Swashakti Project.<br />

The course concluded with two observational visits<br />

to ASEED, Baghpat and Sakhi Samiti, Alwar. Field visits<br />

were organised with an aim to study the micro-enterprise<br />

initiatives of ASEED for rural women and to observe the<br />

process in formation of cluster and federation at Sakhi Samiti.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

19.05.<strong>2003</strong>-24.05.<strong>2003</strong> 27 New Delhi<br />

Training Programme for Village Librarian and<br />

Members of Village Library Committee and<br />

Field Workers of Swashakti Project<br />

During the year, the LTA, in collaboration with<br />

Rajiv Gandhi Foundation (RGF) initiated a project for


setting up village libraries in six districts of three<br />

Swashakti implementing States viz. Haryana, Madhya<br />

Pradesha and Uttar Pradesh. In this connection, LTA in<br />

tandem with RGF organised six Training Programmes<br />

for Village Librarians and Members of Village Library<br />

Committee and Field Workers of Swashakti Project<br />

in six districts viz. Sultanpur, Unnao and Sitapur (Uttar<br />

Pradesh), Betul and Tikamgarh (Madhya Pradesh) and<br />

Sonepat (Haryana) where village libraries are being set<br />

up. In all, 160 Field Workers, Village Librarians and<br />

members of Village Library Committee received training<br />

in these programmes. The Officials from LTA-SSP<br />

(NIPCCD), RGF and PRIA attended the above training<br />

programmes.<br />

The focus of the programmes was on orienting<br />

Swashakti Village Librarians, members of Village Library<br />

Committee and field workers with States, which would<br />

help supervise the activities of the village library project<br />

at the grassroots level. The training programmes<br />

sensitised them on the need for village library and the<br />

modalities on how to set up and manage library, who<br />

would run the library, how to maintain records and<br />

registers, the role of Village Library Committee and that<br />

of its supervisors’ etc.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

28.01.<strong>2004</strong>-30.01.<strong>2004</strong> 31 Betul<br />

01.02.<strong>2004</strong>-03.02.<strong>2004</strong> 31 Tikamgarh<br />

17.02.<strong>2004</strong>-19.02.<strong>2004</strong> 23 Sultanpur<br />

21.02.<strong>2004</strong>-23.02.<strong>2004</strong> 23 Unnao<br />

10.03.<strong>2004</strong>-12.03.<strong>2004</strong> 32 Sonepat<br />

23.03.<strong>2004</strong>-25.03.<strong>2004</strong> 26 Sitapur<br />

Training Programme for Health and Nutrition<br />

Volunteers<br />

‘Nutrition and health education’ is important for any<br />

developmental programme/projects that aim at nutritional<br />

improvement of the beneficiaries. One of the avowed<br />

empowerment objective of Swashakti Project has been to<br />

have a framework for awareness raising in different areas<br />

that can bring about better quality of life, viz. in area of<br />

health, nutrition, family welfare and legal rights. Many of<br />

the States have already initiated some work in giving<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

awareness on health and nutrition education by organising<br />

theme camps, health camps and through video film shows<br />

followed by discussion with Self-Help Groups. The aim of<br />

such an exercise is to build-up the capacity of the women/<br />

mother to look after the health and nutrition needs of the<br />

child as well as their own health and nutrition needs by<br />

gaining awareness about importance of proper nutrition<br />

and health. In order to equip the SHG group with necessary<br />

information and skills, an appropriate training package,<br />

aided by visually appealing training/teaching aid, has been<br />

developed by LTA.<br />

In all, the Lead Training Agency of Swashakti<br />

proposed to organise 15 Model Training programmes<br />

based on the Health and Nutrition Education Kit<br />

(comprising a Source book having 13 lesson plans,<br />

training teaching aids to implement the lesson plans and<br />

training techniques) brought out by National Institute of<br />

Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD)<br />

for the volunteers selected from groups.<br />

During <strong>2003</strong>-04, four training programmes for the<br />

duration of five working days for Health and Nutrition<br />

Volunteers of Swashakti Project were organised. The<br />

programmes were exclusively meant for health and<br />

nutrition volunteers and select animators with a view to<br />

orient them on health and nutrition and to enhance their<br />

knowledge and skills base with regard to maternal/child<br />

health and nutrition. In all 95 animators, motivators and<br />

volunteers have so far received comprehensive training<br />

in the States of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Chhattisgarh.<br />

The programme content was designed in a<br />

manner that it would generate awareness and skill on<br />

health and nutrition and cover the areas like (i) health<br />

and nutritional status of women and children - an<br />

overview; (ii) basic health and nutrition services available<br />

at State, District level for women and children; (iii) health<br />

care for pregnant and lactating women and children<br />

below six years; (iv) nutritional care for vulnerable groups<br />

– pregnant, lactating women, infants; (v) management<br />

of common diseases of children and immunisation; (vi)<br />

complementary feeding for children 0-2 years and<br />

nutrition for pre-school children 2-6 years; (vii) health and<br />

51


Training/Meeting under Other Projects<br />

nutritional needs of adolescent girls; (viii) nutritional<br />

deficiency diseases; (ix) personal hygiene and<br />

environmental sanitation; (x) basic information on HIV/<br />

AIDS and STIs; and (xi) community and village monitoring<br />

of women and children and evolving a simple module to<br />

train SHGs members.<br />

Training on Child Care and Management<br />

Swashakti Project has a provision of setting up<br />

of creches/day care facilities by the Self-Help Groups<br />

(SHGs) on a limited basis in the areas where women<br />

are working at some distance and alternate facilities are<br />

not available. Department of Women and Child<br />

Development considered implementation of this<br />

component of the Project and decided that states, districts<br />

and NGO representatives implementing the Project be<br />

sensitised by giving them training so as to enable them<br />

to provide support to SHGs in establishing the creches<br />

in their areas. The Institute was assigned the<br />

responsibility of selection of an agency and providing<br />

training to states, districts and NGO representatives<br />

implementing Swashakti Project.<br />

Udisha unit of the Institute was assigned the task<br />

of hiring an agency to provide consultancy in designing<br />

the workshops, preparing course curricula and relevant<br />

material for distribution to the participants and conduct<br />

training programmes for states, district officials,<br />

Managers/Business Development Officers and<br />

representatives of 218 NGOs functioning in 57 districts<br />

of 9 states with the objective of creating awareness<br />

among the functionaries of programme implementing<br />

agencies on child care services to be provided to SHGs<br />

by giving them training and enabling them to provides<br />

support to SHGs in supporting creches in their project<br />

areas and equip them for the same. Mobile Creches, a<br />

pioneer in the area of creches and daycare as an<br />

52<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

13.02.<strong>2004</strong>-17.02.<strong>2004</strong> 25 Lucknow<br />

08.03.<strong>2004</strong>-12.03.<strong>2004</strong> 18 Delhi<br />

09.03.<strong>2004</strong>-13.03.<strong>2004</strong> 27 Indore<br />

22.03.<strong>2004</strong>-26.03.<strong>2004</strong> 25 Lucknow<br />

organisation was commissioned to conduct training. Out<br />

of 10 training programmes planned. Three Training<br />

Programmes on Child Care and Management were<br />

organised during the year for the participants from the<br />

states of Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and<br />

Uttaranchal.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

27.01.<strong>2004</strong>-31.01.<strong>2004</strong> 24 New Delhi<br />

03.02.<strong>2004</strong>-07.02.<strong>2004</strong> 24 New Delhi<br />

23.02.<strong>2004</strong>-27.02.<strong>2004</strong> 32 New Delhi<br />

B. WORKSHOPS/REVIEW MEETING<br />

Review Meeting of Training Coordinators of<br />

Swashakti Project<br />

The Lead Training Agency of Swashakti Project<br />

organised a Review Meeting with Training Coordinators<br />

of the States between 3-4 February <strong>2004</strong> at NIPCCD,<br />

New Delhi to review the progress achieved in implementation<br />

of Swashakti project by the States during the<br />

year <strong>2003</strong>-04. It reviewed the progress achieved in the<br />

Dr. Sulochana Vasudevan, Project Director LTA presenting the status<br />

report during Review Meeting. To her left sitting at dias is Smt. VS Rao,<br />

Jt. Secretary, DWCD.<br />

last quarter of the year <strong>2003</strong> and the initiatives taken by<br />

the States in operationalising training in MED, literacy,<br />

cluster training. The forum was also utilised to discuss<br />

the problems of the States in execution of training<br />

programmes/commissioning of agencies; review the<br />

progress achieved in material development initiatives;<br />

special achievements of the States in training; etc.


Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

03.02.<strong>2004</strong>-04.02.<strong>2004</strong> 11 New Delhi<br />

Eleven Training Coordinators from Jharkhand,<br />

Gujarat, Haryana, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh and<br />

Madhya Pradesh and officials of LTA-SSP attended this<br />

meeting.<br />

C. MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES OF LTA<br />

Based on the training needs assessment, the LTA<br />

recognises the importance of capacity building measures<br />

of stakeholders of the project, particularly the trainers.<br />

The LTA has, therefore, developed modules and<br />

manuals, handbooks and resource books for field<br />

workers to execute their tasks effectively in the field.<br />

Constant efforts are made at the LTA to identify and<br />

prepare such materials which are trainer-friendly and<br />

those which have not been produced by other projects/<br />

agencies. The materials developed are for the use of<br />

trainers to train illiterate group members. The materials<br />

produced by LTA so far have received an overwhelming<br />

response and appreciation from various quarters. Since<br />

many Swashakti implementing States are located in Hindi<br />

heartland, materials are mainly produced in Hindi and<br />

<strong>English</strong>. The documents which were brought out during<br />

<strong>2003</strong>-04 are mentioned below.<br />

Sl. Documents Developed Language<br />

No. by LTA-Swashakti <strong>English</strong>/Hindi<br />

1. Illustrative Module on Appropriate<br />

Technologies for Drudgery Reduction<br />

of Women<br />

Hindi<br />

2. Emerging Issues and Trends in SHGs<br />

Networking<br />

<strong>English</strong><br />

3. Empowered Women: Empowered Society<br />

(Compendium of Activities of Women’s<br />

Empowerment Year 2001)<br />

<strong>English</strong>/Hindi<br />

4. Swashakti Gram Pustakalaya Pariyojana-<br />

Margdarshi Pustika<br />

Hindi<br />

5. Swashakti Gram Pustakalaya Pariyojana-<br />

A brochure on Swashakti Village Library<br />

Hindi<br />

Swayamsiddha<br />

D. WORKSHOPS<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Orientation Training for PIAs of North-Eastern<br />

States under Swayamsiddha<br />

Swayamsiddha is a composite programme for<br />

empowerment of women, to be implemented at the block<br />

level by Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs) for a<br />

duration of four-to-five years. In order to familiarise project<br />

implementing agencies and functionaries with the<br />

mission and vision of Swayamsiddha, NIPCCD has<br />

organised series of orientation and sensitisation<br />

workshops on a zonal basis since 2001-02.<br />

During <strong>2003</strong>-04, organisation of orientation<br />

workshops continued and LTA organised an Orientation<br />

Training for PIAs of North-Eastern and Southern States<br />

at Institute’s Regional Centre, Lucknow. Twenty participants<br />

comprising the Nodal Officers, PIAs/CDPOs and<br />

Field Coordinators and NGO functionaries from the states<br />

of Sikkim, Mizoram, Meghalaya participated.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

07.10.<strong>2003</strong>-09.10.<strong>2003</strong> 20 Lucknow<br />

The main objectives of this training were to orient<br />

the participants on salient features of Swayamsiddha,<br />

familiarise them with SHG concept and its dynamics, train<br />

them on group fund management, maintenance of<br />

records and registers, linking the groups with banks and<br />

cluster formation, give them exposure to best practices<br />

in the field through interface with SHGs and Project<br />

implementers in Swayamsiddha Project.<br />

Review Meeting of State Nodal Officers<br />

Implementing Swayamsiddha<br />

During the year, LA-SSD (NIPCCD) organised<br />

four Quarterly Review Meetings of State Nodal Officers<br />

Implementing Swayamsiddha for Northern, Central,<br />

Southern and North-Eastern States. These review<br />

meetings were scheduled at NIPCCD, New Delhi and<br />

Regional Centre, Bangalore.<br />

During these meets, the progress achieved in<br />

implementation of Swayamsiddha was reviewed and<br />

53


Training/Meeting under Other Projects<br />

ways and means to achieve progress in areas of<br />

capacity building and operationalising training strategy<br />

to reach the grassroot were discussed. The review<br />

meetings identified several problems and bottlenecks<br />

affecting the speedy implementation of the programme.<br />

It also provided a platform to the participants to discuss<br />

common problems and to find a solution on a<br />

participatory manner. These review meetings also<br />

discussed other issues of importance viz. training action<br />

plan for 2002-03 and <strong>2003</strong>-04 drawn by the states;<br />

training need assessment currently under progress in<br />

States; identification of State Training Institutions: terms<br />

of reference for identification; institutions – financial<br />

arrangement including budgeting; evolving training<br />

strategy for training of trainers at the district and block<br />

levels; training material requirement for Swayamsiddha<br />

A session of 4th Review Meeting of Nodal Officers of<br />

Swayamsiddha in progress<br />

54<br />

– adaptation, translation and printing of Swashakti<br />

material; evolving mechanism for monitoring training<br />

quality; role and responsibility of Department of Women<br />

and Child Development (DWCD), Government of India,<br />

Lead Agency of Swayamsiddha (NIPCCD) and State<br />

Governments in regard to implementation of<br />

Swayamsiddha; review of block plans forwarded by<br />

States; review of action plan of the States for the year<br />

2002-03 and <strong>2003</strong>-04; bottlenecks in implementation of<br />

Swayamsiddha at State, District and block levels; etc.<br />

Among the important suggestions that emerged<br />

during these review meetings was the need for putting<br />

in place a system of Monitoring Information System and<br />

training strategy at the grassroot level.<br />

Dates No. of Participants Venue<br />

04.04.<strong>2003</strong>-05.04.<strong>2003</strong> 24 Delhi<br />

08.04.<strong>2003</strong>-09.04.<strong>2003</strong> 09 Delhi<br />

16.04.<strong>2003</strong> 09 Delhi<br />

23.04.<strong>2003</strong> 15 Delhi<br />

21.07.<strong>2003</strong> 16 Delhi<br />

22.07.<strong>2003</strong> 12 Delhi<br />

23.07.<strong>2003</strong> 08 Delhi<br />

24.07.<strong>2003</strong> 12 Delhi<br />

29.10.<strong>2003</strong>-31.10.<strong>2003</strong> 24 Bangalore<br />

12.02.<strong>2004</strong> 12 Delhi<br />

13.02.<strong>2004</strong> 21 Delhi


four<br />

Research Evaluation Studies<br />

And Other Projects


Research/Evaluation<br />

Studies and Other Projects<br />

Research and Evaluation studies constitute an<br />

integral part of the Institute’s academic activities.<br />

NIPCCD undertakes research projects and evaluation<br />

studies in the different areas of voluntary action, women<br />

and child development guided by the Institute’s research<br />

policy.<br />

Research Policy of NIPCCD: Some<br />

Highlights<br />

l Identification of needs and problems in the areas<br />

of public cooperation and child development;<br />

l Providing information for policy formulation and<br />

programme development and serving as a<br />

clearing house for information and research;<br />

l Developing empirically based training curricula and<br />

instructional material so as to enrich training<br />

contents and methodology;<br />

l Assessing the impact of ongoing programmes,<br />

identifying bottlenecks and effective mid-term<br />

corrections for promotion of voluntary action,<br />

mother care and child development;<br />

l Establishing liaison with other research bodies/<br />

institutions.<br />

Research/Evaluation Studies,<br />

Documentation/Compilations<br />

The Headquarters and its Regional Centres<br />

undertake research on crucial areas of its concerns.<br />

Evaluation studies are conducted to access on-going<br />

schemes of interventions or projects of women and child<br />

development as an independent initiative or at the request<br />

of sponsoring department/agency. Documenta-tion of the<br />

research work is done in form of reports, compilations<br />

and manuals for wider dissemination of findings.<br />

A brief account of the research/evaluation<br />

studies, compilations and other projects completed<br />

during the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong> is given in the following<br />

paragraphs.<br />

56<br />

An Evaluation Study of Creches Run<br />

under the National Creche Fund<br />

The study was undertaken by the Headquarters of<br />

the Institute at the instance of Department of Women and<br />

Child Development. The specific objectives of the study<br />

were to evaluate the extent to which the scheme achieved<br />

its objectives; evaluate the adequacy of infrastructural<br />

facilities in terms of accommodation, equipment, staff,<br />

instructional and play materials; study the delivery of<br />

services like nutrition, health check-ups, pre-school<br />

education etc.; evaluate the organisational capacity of<br />

voluntary organisations for effectively implementing the<br />

scheme; and find out difficulties and bottlenecks in<br />

implementation of the scheme and suggest ways and<br />

means for improving the implementation and widening of<br />

the coverage of the scheme. Data were collected from<br />

Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

a. Creches under General Category<br />

l Sixty-seven percent of the creche centres were<br />

located in rural areas, 33 percent were in urban<br />

areas and slums.<br />

l As high as 91 percent of creches were housed in<br />

single-room accommodations. Majority of creches<br />

(66 percent) were located in the houses of either<br />

the Creche Worker or the Helper. In 49 percent<br />

creche centres the size of the room was larger than<br />

8 x 10 sq. ft. However, outdoor space was found<br />

to be non-existent in 40 percent creches and<br />

inadequate in 38 percent centres. Only 10 percent<br />

of the creches were having adequate space for<br />

outdoor activities. As regards condition of buildings,<br />

most of the centres (63 percent) were housed in<br />

pucca buildings, 26 percent in kutcha buildings and<br />

11 percent in huts.<br />

l Fifty-six percent creche centres were having<br />

unsafe surroundings for children. Poor or no<br />

ventilation was seen in 41 percent creche centres


and lighting was very poor in 56 percent creches.<br />

Kitchen and storage facility was not found in 36<br />

percent of creches. Eighty-nine percent of the<br />

creche centres did not have any toilet facility.<br />

l Potable water was available in only 39 percent<br />

creche centres, whereas the rest were depending<br />

upon other sources like well, bore well, open pond<br />

etc. for water supply.<br />

l Acute shortage of necessary items like cots,<br />

cradles, mattresses, towels, play and teaching<br />

material etc. was felt in almost all the creches.<br />

l A lot of discontentment among organisers about<br />

various budgetary provisions was observed. Nonrecurring<br />

grant of Rs.4000/- was perceived to be<br />

inadequate by 90 percent of the organisers.<br />

Majority of the organisers were dissatisfied due<br />

to delay in receipt of grants.<br />

l As per scheme, the creche centres should<br />

function for 8 hours a day. The study revealed<br />

that only 18 percent centres were working for eight<br />

hours and majority (49 percent) were running for<br />

less than four hours. However, 94 percent centres<br />

were easily accessible to the community.<br />

l Disruption in supplementary nutrition was<br />

reported by 35 percent creche centres. However,<br />

65 percent creches reported that they could<br />

manage to provide suppleme-ntary nutrition<br />

without any disruption during the last six months.<br />

l Fifty-one percent mothers reported that their<br />

children were getting such ‘ready to eat’ food as<br />

biscuits, toffees, bread etc. and 33 percent<br />

informed that children were getting combination<br />

of ‘ready to eat’ food and cooked food both. While<br />

visiting the creche centres during data collection,<br />

it was observed that quantity was not sufficient<br />

and quality was poor. Variety in menu of<br />

supplementary nutrition was lacking everywhere.<br />

l Pre-school education is one of the most important<br />

activities of the creche programme. However, it<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

was observed that the activities were mostly<br />

stereotyped and these revolved around poems,<br />

rhymes, action songs (89 percent), story telling<br />

(82 percent), concepts of alphabets (65 percent)<br />

and concepts of pre-numbers and numbers<br />

(47 percent). Further, 65 percent of the creche<br />

workers were not organising any separate<br />

activities for children below three years.<br />

l Fifty-eight percent creche workers reported that<br />

health check-ups were being arranged periodically.<br />

However, only 33 percent beneficiary mothers were<br />

aware about the medical check-ups at the centres.<br />

The frequency of health check-ups ranged from<br />

once a month to once in three months. Lack of<br />

funds and non-availability of qualified doctors in<br />

far-flung creche centres were mentioned as the<br />

reasons for poor health check-up services.<br />

b. AWC-cum-Creche Centres<br />

Though a certain number of AW Centres were<br />

decided to be converted into AW-cum-Creche Centres<br />

in all the States and the Central Government had<br />

released the funds also to all the States for this, yet it<br />

was found that in majority of States action to convert the<br />

Centres into AW-cum-Creches was not taken by the State<br />

Government. Hence, it was not possible to collect data<br />

from all the 15 Centres as was originally envisaged in<br />

the study. Data from only seven AWC-cum-Creches in<br />

two states of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa could be<br />

collected which revealed following:<br />

l Almost all the CDPOs were discontented with the<br />

provisions under various budget heads. They<br />

urged for immediate increase of budget<br />

allocations for smooth implementation of the<br />

creche programme.<br />

l Late release of grants was one of the major<br />

problems faced by CDPOs, which hinders smooth<br />

functioning of creches. Limitation of the scheme to<br />

enrol only 25 children per creche was considered<br />

as a problem by them. They were also of the view<br />

that guidelines of NCF scheme were not clear in<br />

57


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

58<br />

respect of supplementary nutrition, delivery of<br />

medical facilities and training of creche workers.<br />

l Eighty-six percent creches were found in urban<br />

slums and rest in rural areas. Majority of them were<br />

centrally located and easily accessible to children.<br />

All the centres were housed in pucca buildings with<br />

single-room accommodations. Almost all the centres<br />

lacked the facility of separate kitchen and storage<br />

space. Toilet facility was also not available. The<br />

condition of buildings was fairly good with adequate<br />

lighting and ventilation. However, none of the centres<br />

was having outdoor space for play activities.<br />

l Analysis of data revealed that almost all the centres<br />

lacked the stores of equipment and consumable<br />

items. Very few materials like durries, utensils,<br />

table, chair, cooking gas etc. were available.<br />

Further, these were not sufficient in number.<br />

l Like in general creches, only a few toys and play<br />

materials were available in AWC-cum-Creches.<br />

Their condition was very poor. As regards teaching<br />

aids, few charts on animals, birds, alphabets,<br />

numbers etc. were found displayed in the centres.<br />

l Majority of the creche workers were facing<br />

problems due to inadequate space and difficulty<br />

in organising activities. Their motivation level was<br />

found to be low as they were receiving only<br />

Rs.300/- as honorarium. Moreover, they were not<br />

receiving it in time. It was often delayed by two to<br />

three months.<br />

l Twenty-eight percent mothers reported that<br />

supplementary nutrition was not being provided on<br />

regular basis. Seventy-one percent mentioned that<br />

children were getting ‘ready to eat’ and cooked food<br />

both at the centres. However, 20 percent reported<br />

that their children were getting only ‘ready to eat’<br />

food such as roasted chana, biscuits etc.<br />

Mother and Child Protection Card<br />

In collaboration with Department of Women and<br />

Child Development and UNICEF, NIPCCD has developed<br />

a mother and child protection card to promote adoption<br />

of key care practices by the families and utilisation of<br />

services through ICDS and family welfare systems. The<br />

card would help families to know about various types of<br />

services which they need to access for the health and<br />

wellbeing of women and children. The card will also<br />

empower families to make decisions for improved health<br />

and nutrition status and development of young children<br />

on a continual basis. A working group was formed for<br />

developing this communica-tion tool. The card has also<br />

been validated by many health experts, child development<br />

professionals and other related field experts. A guidebook,<br />

each in <strong>English</strong> and Hindi has also been developed for<br />

use of Mother and Child Protection Card.<br />

The card comprises various topics which include:<br />

care during pregnancy, emergency, danger signs,<br />

preparation for home delivery, care of the new born,<br />

breastfeeding, immunisation, growth chart, care during<br />

illness, feeding and development milestones from 0-3 years.<br />

During the year questionnaire for pre-testing the card with<br />

health professionals and beneficiaries has been developed<br />

in Hindi and <strong>English</strong> with the help of UNICEF. The<br />

questionnaires were sent to the Departments of Paediatrics,<br />

Preventive and Social Medicine and Gynae cological<br />

Obstetrics of Medical Colleges in India. The feedback<br />

received from 100 health professionals has been analysed.<br />

Pre-testing of the card among health and ICDS functionaries<br />

as well as mothers have also been completed.<br />

Data was collected by using interview and survey<br />

methods. Separate schedules were prepared for the<br />

mothers and health and ICDS functionaries. All these<br />

schedules were pre-tested at Mehrauli, New Delhi. The<br />

schedules developed for mothers contained questions<br />

related to their impression about card, their knowledge-test<br />

regarding developmental tasks, danger signs of mothers<br />

and newborn, comments on messages and pictures in the<br />

card etc. The schedules developed for health professionals<br />

and functionaries contained questions regarding their<br />

suggestions on information given on the card.<br />

The guidebook for using card was distributed to<br />

the mothers during pre-testing. The pre-testing was


conducted in Primary Health Centres (Mehrauli and<br />

Najafgarh) whereas home visits were conducted after<br />

two months of usage of card on pregnant and lactating<br />

mothers. Doctors were covered by sending card and<br />

guidebook to them for their suggestions.<br />

The data was collected, coded and analysed<br />

using statistical formulae. Chi-square test was applied<br />

to know, if there are any significant differences after initial<br />

assessment and after two month of usage of card and<br />

also between responses of pregnant and lactating<br />

mothers. Data collected from doctors was also analysed<br />

statistically.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l More than 80 percent of respondents find the card<br />

easy to understand, simple, well organised,<br />

interesting and colourful. Majority of the<br />

respondents find the pictures and messages<br />

related to care of pregnant mothers, children upto<br />

3 years and about developmental tasks clear and<br />

self-explanatory.<br />

l Eighty-three percent felt that the card should be<br />

kept with the mothers; 84 percent wanted it to be<br />

priced, and among those one rupee price of the<br />

card was preferred. More than 90 percent of the<br />

doctors felt that the mother and child protection<br />

card is of utility for mothers.<br />

l Regarding the name of the card, 69 percent<br />

respondents said that the card should be named as<br />

‘Mother and Child Protection Card’. Majority of the<br />

doctors find the card informative, easily<br />

understandable with clear, self-explanatory<br />

illustrations and content.<br />

l After two months of usage of card the knowledge<br />

and awareness level of majority of mothers about<br />

pregnancy and child care is increased. Significant<br />

results were found when the responses were<br />

tested on chi-square test.<br />

l Almost all the mothers liked the information given in<br />

the card. Pregnant women consider this card useful<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

as it gives them vital information about pregnancy,<br />

antenatal care etc.; lactating mothers liked it as it<br />

contains knowledge about developmental tasks and<br />

feeding pattern of child at different ages.<br />

l Mothers delivering their 1st child and lactating<br />

mothers of 1st child found this card most useful<br />

for them as they were having their first baby and<br />

they knew very little about which areas to be given<br />

importance in mother and child development.<br />

Survey to Assess the Need for<br />

Specialised Training for Counsellors to<br />

Work in the Area of Child Mental Health<br />

This study was conducted by the Headquarters<br />

with the objectives of examining the role and<br />

responsibilities of Mental Health Functionaries in different<br />

settings; identifying strengths and lacunae in training of<br />

Mental Health Functionaries from different streams and<br />

knowing potential avenues for their employment. The<br />

sample included 50 stakeholders that were involved in<br />

planning, decision making and delivery of mental health<br />

services for children in the city of Delhi.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l The counselling and guidance services for<br />

children and adolescents are currently being<br />

offered in variety of settings: Schools both private<br />

and municipal; Special Schools for children with<br />

disability; Child Guidance Centres attached to<br />

hospitals, academic institutions functioning<br />

independently; non-governmental organisations<br />

working in special areas e.g. Street and Working<br />

children, children who are victims of sexual,<br />

physical and emotional abuse, children with<br />

learning disability, autism etc.; and Child Welfare<br />

Organisations (often NGOs) offering noninstitutional<br />

services such as foster care adoption,<br />

sponsorship and institutional services for children<br />

in conflict with law.<br />

l The activities undertaken by mental health<br />

professionals in schools and NGO sectors were<br />

59


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

60<br />

overlapping in many areas. Besides, this the<br />

basic difference lay in the fact that while the school<br />

tended to give special focus on activities to make<br />

its processes child-friendly and for better homeschool<br />

liaison, NGOs were organising communitybased<br />

interventions in disadvantaged<br />

communities. The delivery mechanisms of<br />

schools and NGOs also differed. The counsellors<br />

were working directly with children, parents and<br />

teachers in schools whereas community workers<br />

carried out many of the programme activities<br />

along with counselling. The role of mental health<br />

professionals in these settings were relatively<br />

different and marginal.<br />

l In schools, the role of mental health professional<br />

was that of organising vocational guidance,<br />

counselling children, maintaining home-school<br />

liaison, coordinating with school to make schoolprocesses<br />

child-friendly, undertaking developmental<br />

group work and organising inclusive education.<br />

Relatively fewer counsellors were involved in<br />

assessment work and psychological testing.<br />

l The Survey identified that besides psychiatrist,<br />

the mental health functionaries who were<br />

undertaking counselling and psychosocial<br />

intervention were coming from two streams of<br />

discipline viz. psychology and social work. Some<br />

functionaries were also from the field of child<br />

development and special education.<br />

l Training in Child Guidance and Counselling was<br />

limited. No University in the country offers<br />

Masters Degree in Counselling. Few Institutions<br />

or Universities in the country were providing<br />

specialised programmes in clinical psychology<br />

and psychiatric social work. In view of limited<br />

availability of specialised courses in the area of<br />

Psychiatry, Social Work and Clinical Psychology<br />

most of the functionaries were only<br />

Postgraduates in Social Work or Psychology.<br />

These courses however did not prepare students<br />

with adequate clinical skills to design and<br />

undertake counselling and psychosocial<br />

interventions with children.<br />

l The Survey identified some specialised training<br />

programmes in the area of counselling and to<br />

undertake psychosocial interventions, in the city<br />

of Delhi. The entry point to most of these<br />

programmes was undergraduation. Some of the<br />

programmes were providing training in specific<br />

psychosocial interventions while others were<br />

training students to work in specific settings.<br />

Similarly much heterogeneity was observed in<br />

transaction of these programmes. While some<br />

of them were planned through Distance Mode,<br />

the other was a part time programme. There was<br />

only a handful that was relatively better planned<br />

with required clinical training and field exposure.<br />

l Majority of respondents (83 percent) observed<br />

that training was not fully equipping the mental<br />

health functionaries to perform their roles. The<br />

most frequently identified lacuna in training was<br />

that it was too theoretical, the practical hands-on<br />

training with children were not rigorous enough<br />

to hone the skills of functionaries to work for<br />

mental health issues in various settings. The<br />

exposure was also not supervised adequately.<br />

About 40 percent respondents reported that<br />

training was too generic with no focus on the child.<br />

A quarter of the respondents felt that the finer<br />

skills in undertaking counselling and psychosocial<br />

intervention were missing. The functionaries were<br />

not trained in skills related to child-centred<br />

communication, crisis interventions, assessing<br />

and planning intervention programmes, remedial<br />

intervention etc. These skills were found critical<br />

to move counselling and psychosocial<br />

interventions forward beyond assessment and<br />

palliative treatment.<br />

l The respondents strongly recommended that the<br />

counsellors should have a strong base in<br />

understanding stages of Child Development with its<br />

linkages for promo-tive, preventive or clinical work


with children, their families and with communi-ties<br />

at large. Counsellors should have the attitudes of<br />

genuine concern, empathy and compassion for<br />

children. The specific skills required of the counsellor<br />

were enlisted as child-centred communication and<br />

assessment, observations and skills of undertaking<br />

different psychosocial interventions.<br />

l The responses thereby suggested a framework for<br />

planning the course on Guidance and Counselling.<br />

It was suggested that the course should be holistic,<br />

multidisciplinary, with a lifespan perspective,<br />

focussing on developing skills with emphasis on<br />

hands-on experience of working with children in<br />

different settings. Furthermore, it was opined that<br />

the programme should have a core curriculum for<br />

all students followed by specialisations that could<br />

be developed around skills required to work with<br />

children at different age epochs or for working with<br />

children with different problems. The course should<br />

have built-in provision of regular and careful<br />

supervision by experienced faculty.<br />

l It was recommended that the candidates of the<br />

course should be carefully selected at the entry<br />

point itself and only those who have genuine<br />

interest should be admitted.<br />

l Majority of the respondents (90 percent) claimed<br />

that the scope of the programmes was very<br />

promising. There were possibilities of absorption<br />

of these students in schools, as also in NGOs<br />

working in Child Welfare/Development, Special<br />

Schools, Child Guidance Centres, and freelance<br />

practice setting.<br />

l Some respondents viewed that quality of the<br />

programme itself would determine its market. It was<br />

recommended that NIPCCD should work towards<br />

broadening the scope of counselling at the national<br />

level. NIPCCD should advocate counselling<br />

services for children in different settings such as<br />

for Juvenile Delinquents under JJ Act; as also<br />

counselling for adoption and foster care.<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

Developing Protocols of Child Guidance<br />

and Counselling<br />

A Research Study on State of Art of Functioning<br />

of Child Guidance Centres has been conducted by the<br />

Headquarters of the Institute. The specific objectives of<br />

the study were to map Child Guidance Centres across<br />

the country and to observe patterns in spread of services<br />

across the country; understand service delivery<br />

mechanism and types of services offered by CGCs; and<br />

etch out descriptive profiles of Child Guidance Centres.<br />

The study was conducted through a mailed questionnaire<br />

that was sent to nearly 210 Child Guidance Service<br />

agencies in various States. This was coupled with<br />

networking with key institutions across the country to<br />

locate more CGCs and validate the existence of already<br />

enlisted CGCs. Sixty-six Child Guidance Service<br />

agencies responded to the mailed questionnaire. The<br />

analysis with respect to the organisation and delivery of<br />

services was carried out for 54 service agencies, the<br />

rest of them were excluded, as these service agencies<br />

did not fit in the defined criteria for Child Guidance<br />

Centres.<br />

The outcome of the Research included:<br />

i) Statewise listing of Child Guidance<br />

Centres in the country.<br />

ii) Individual Profiles of 58 Child Guidance<br />

Centres.<br />

iii) Analysis of trends related to structure and<br />

functioning of Child Guidance Centres.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l The study identified a total of 165 Child Guidance<br />

Centres across the country including three CGCs,<br />

which were started by its own regional centres in<br />

the past one year.<br />

l Trends in functioning of Child Guidance Centres<br />

revealed that they were rarely functioning as<br />

independent units. Based on the organisation that<br />

were anchoring the counselling and guidance<br />

61


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

62<br />

activities, four different types of CGCs emerged:<br />

those functioning through (a) Hospitals, (b)<br />

Disability or Mental Health programmes, (c)<br />

Development and Welfare Programmes for<br />

children, (d) Technical Institutions.<br />

l It was observed that half of the parent bodies that<br />

were running CGCs were non-governmental<br />

organisations and one-third were a part of<br />

Government-run organisations. The rest of CGCs<br />

were a part of university department or private<br />

bodies.<br />

l More than 50 percent of CGCs were receiving<br />

funds from the government. The other sources<br />

of fund were: fee from the clients (45 percent),<br />

resources of the host institutions (40 percent) and<br />

external donor funding (17 percent). The funds<br />

from the Government came from the Ministry of<br />

Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Social<br />

Justice and Empowerment and Ministry of Human<br />

Resource Development.<br />

l While all the CGCs were undertaking tertiary level<br />

activities, there were shades of differences in their<br />

activities and target groups. The new client groups<br />

that CGCs were endeavouring to reach out were<br />

street and working children, sexually abused<br />

children, Children committed under JJ Act, preschool<br />

children, aged children and neonates.<br />

Some CGCs were defining the arena of its work<br />

around a specific psychopathology such as<br />

Autism, Learning Disability etc.<br />

l Despite these progressive trends the study<br />

pointed out that children below 3 years of age<br />

and above 14 years of age remained relatively<br />

neglected.<br />

l Almost 70 percent of CGCs were undertaking<br />

outreach activities in the form of prevention and<br />

early identification programmes in schools or<br />

disadvantaged community settlements. However,<br />

there were other sets of CGCs that were initiating<br />

supportive community-based intervention<br />

programmes to address gaps in services. These<br />

included Day Care Centres, remedial intervention<br />

centres, psychosocial interventions for sexually<br />

abused etc.<br />

l The study observed with concern that almost 40<br />

percent of CGCs did not have a multidisciplinary<br />

team of psychiatrist, psychologist and social<br />

worker deemed essential for child guidance and<br />

counselling.<br />

A Quick Appraisal of Psychological<br />

Morbidity of School going Adolescents<br />

of Delhi<br />

The study was conducted by the Headquarters<br />

with the objectives of assessing mental health status of<br />

school going adolescents; and screening out students<br />

with problem behaviour. In connection with the study,<br />

massive collaborative and networking activities were<br />

undertaken with Directorate of Education and School<br />

Principals for seeking permission to conduct the study,<br />

as well as identify clientele for AGSC. The study was<br />

conducted on 1302 students from South-West Delhi<br />

schools, out of which 514 (39.48 percent) were male and<br />

the rest i.e. 788 (60.52 percent) were females. For the<br />

purpose of the study the age group of the respondents<br />

was 12-19 years for which students from class VIII to XII<br />

were selected. Almost 50 percent of the respondents<br />

were from both the nuclear or extended families. The<br />

socio-economic status varies from lower middle class to<br />

higher strata of society. Fathers of 64 percent<br />

respondents were in service whereas mothers of 80<br />

percent respondents were housewives.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l Problem behaviour is a result of many factors.<br />

The main factors are internalisation and<br />

externalisation; 31 percent respondents are in<br />

high-risk category of problem behaviour, whereas<br />

18 percent are in borderline.<br />

l Internalisation: Almost 40 percent of the<br />

respondents have internalisation as source of<br />

problem behaviour such as withdrawn behaviour


– somatic complaints and anxious depressed<br />

behaviour 5 percent and 18 percent respondents<br />

mentioned withdrawn, somatic complaints or<br />

anxious and depressed behaviour, respectively.<br />

l Externalisation: Approximately, 24 percent<br />

respondents showed externalisation as source of<br />

problem behaviour, which included delinquent and<br />

aggressive behaviour. Almost 11 percent<br />

respondents showed both delinquent and<br />

aggressive behaviour, but there were respondents<br />

who have neither internalisation nor externalisation<br />

as source of problem behaviour. Approximately<br />

34 percent, 14 percent and 10 percent were found<br />

to have social problems, thought problems and<br />

attention problems, respectively.<br />

l Sources of Daily Stress: Too many things to do<br />

along with making many decisions are the two<br />

major sources of daily stress among schoolgoing<br />

adolescents; almost 27 percent respondents<br />

voted in favour of these two sources. Doing home<br />

work and meeting deadline came second on the<br />

list of daily stress.<br />

l Performance in School: Approximately 50<br />

percent respondents do not have satisfactory<br />

performance in school; they scored 30-40 percent<br />

in academics. Only 13 percent respondents got<br />

70 percent and above in academics.<br />

l Out of total 1302 students more than 48 percent<br />

(630) showed problem behaviour. Almost equal<br />

numbers of boys and girls in the age group 13-16<br />

years have psychiatric morbidity. Maximum students<br />

with psychiatric morbidity were in VIII or IX class.<br />

l Most of the students with problem behaviour are<br />

first born but do not have any significant family<br />

history of any serious illness during last one year.<br />

More than 50 percent with behavioural problem<br />

were below average in academics. Maximum<br />

number of students (355) have social problems.<br />

l Majority of the students have internalisation and<br />

externalisation problems. Most of the students<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

face social problems, anxious and depressed<br />

behaviour. Very few students show withdrawn and<br />

aggressive behaviour.<br />

Child Labour in Hotels/Dhabas<br />

The problem of child labour has been attracting the<br />

attention of social scientists, social workers and<br />

governments from time to time. The recommendations of<br />

various committees, seminars and reports do mention the<br />

problems of the child labour and their treatment and<br />

rehabilitation is often casual and limited in scope. A number<br />

of surveys conducted in the areas of child labour do not<br />

present an integrated picture of the problems. In most of<br />

the studies, children working in hotels/dhabas are one of<br />

the categories investigated but there is no separate specific<br />

study on the problem under reference especially in Lucknow<br />

city. Against this backdrop, a study was conducted on Child<br />

Labour in Hotels/dhabas in Lucknow city.<br />

This study was conducted by the Regional Centre,<br />

Lucknow with the objectives of investigating the socioeconomic<br />

status of the children; studying the factors,<br />

which compel them to enter into hotel/dhaba work at a<br />

tender age; studying their life pattern, use of leisure time,<br />

aspirations and other such dimensions; identifying the<br />

problems being faced by the children working in hotel/<br />

dhaba; and suggesting some corrective measures to<br />

improve their situation. For the purpose of data collection<br />

the city of Lucknow was divided into three zones. A<br />

sample of 300 children (100 each from three zones)<br />

working in hotels/dhabas and 60 owners (20 each from<br />

three zones) of hotels/dhabas were selected through<br />

clustered sampling techniques.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l Almost three-fourth of child workers were Hindus<br />

followed by Muslims, Sikh and Buddhist.<br />

l The majority of the respondents (86 percent)<br />

belonged to scheduled castes/scheduled tribes<br />

and backward castes.<br />

l About 40 percent child workers belonged to the<br />

age group 9-11 years followed by 11-12 years<br />

63


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

64<br />

(33 percent). Another 16 percent children belonged<br />

to the age group of 13-15 years followed by 6-8<br />

years (11 percent).<br />

l Educational achievement of these children is<br />

extremely poor. More than two-third (68 percent)<br />

never attended school, 30 percent attended but<br />

left the school. However, remaining 2 percent,<br />

although working, were attending school. The<br />

educational background of their family was very<br />

low as 58 percent of the family members were<br />

illiterate.<br />

l With regard to shelter, it was found that 61 percent<br />

of the child workers were living in premises of the<br />

work place i.e. hotel/dhaba; 36 percent were<br />

residing with their parents/relatives in slums, the<br />

remaining 3 percent were living on street as they<br />

were destitute.<br />

l The majority of children (69 percent) had to work<br />

for 12-18 hours a day and remaining 31 percent<br />

work for 8-12 hours a day. Only 26 percent<br />

children get 1-2 hours leisure time and 21 percent<br />

2-3 hours a day. Moreover, there were no fix time<br />

for 53 percent children.<br />

l The distribution of wage of working children shows<br />

that 50 percent children earned between Rs. 301–<br />

500 per month. About 30 percent earned between<br />

Rs. 101–300 per month, 14 percent earned<br />

between Rs. 501-800 per month and remaining<br />

6 percent of them earned Rs.100/- or even less.<br />

l Majority (73%) of the child workers receiving their<br />

salary on monthly basis, about 11 percent on<br />

weekly basis and just over 5 percent on daily<br />

basis. The remaining 2 percent half yearly and 7<br />

percent were without salary.<br />

l Over 50 percent child workers work without<br />

holiday.<br />

l As many as 68 percent of the children stated that<br />

the work had affected their health for performing<br />

various tasks. Besides working in the hotel, 46<br />

percent children work in household of the hotel<br />

owner.<br />

l Children were also involved in various bad habits<br />

like, smoking (15 percent), playing cards and<br />

eating pan/gutka (27 percent).<br />

A Rapid Assessment of Convergence of<br />

DPEP with ICDS<br />

The National Policy on Education (1986) and the<br />

Programme of Action (1992) stressed the importance of<br />

early childhood education as an important precursor to<br />

primary education and overall development of the child.<br />

Early Childhood Education (ECE) has been perceived<br />

in the context of Uttar Pradesh as a means of preparing<br />

children for primary education and also as a fillip to girls’<br />

education. ECE is relevant to achieve the goals of<br />

Universalisation of elementary Education (UEE). It has<br />

two-fold relevance in District Primary Education<br />

Programme (DPEP). ECE facilitates school readiness<br />

among children in the pre-school age group and it also<br />

enables girls to attend school regularly as they are freed<br />

from sibling care responsibilities. The programme<br />

evolved its strategies essentially on the basis of the<br />

experiences from Uttar Pradesh Basic Education Project<br />

(UPBEP).<br />

Universalising elementary education in the State<br />

with focus on quality prompted the UPBEP to launch<br />

Shishu Shiksha Kendra Scheme to provide effective ECE<br />

services. The Government of UP then launched DPEP-<br />

II in convergence with ICDS. In the year 2002, an<br />

evaluation of ECCE programme in the DPEP-II districts<br />

of UP was also carried out. However, there is no evidence<br />

of information or studies on the functional aspects of ECE<br />

services in those Anganwadi Centres which are<br />

functioning in primary schools under DPEP-II in selected<br />

districts. It was therefore proposed to conduct a rapid<br />

assessment of operational/functional aspects of ECE in<br />

Anganwadi Centres (AWCs) running in convergence with<br />

DPEP-II in or adjoining primary school premises.<br />

The study was carried out by the Regional Centre,<br />

Lucknow with the objectives of making an analysis of


facilities available for ECE/PSE in Anganwadi Centres<br />

functioning in convergence with DPEP; assessing<br />

enhancement in skills of AWWs in conducting ECE<br />

activities after their supplementary training conducted by<br />

DIET under DPEP; and studying problems experienced<br />

by AWWs in delivery of ECE/PSE service at AWCs and<br />

suggest ways and means to overcome them.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l Anganwadi Bhawans in only some of the primary<br />

schools were constructed to run AWCs.<br />

Infrastructural facilities of Anganwadi Bhawans<br />

were not available in many primary schools. A few<br />

of AWCs have been selected for convergence<br />

without considerations of aspects like locality,<br />

distance of primary school, availability of space,<br />

accessibility to young children, and available<br />

infrastructural facilities.<br />

l All the Training Learning Materials (TLMs) have<br />

not been given to one or all of the AWCs. There<br />

was no actual replenishment of TLMs, items/<br />

materials.<br />

l Training under DPEP was quite beneficial in skill<br />

enhancement of AWWs. However, many of AWWs<br />

remained untrained even after a couple of years<br />

of implementation of convergence. Timings<br />

between primary school and the Aanganwadi<br />

Centres were not synchronised properly. Primary<br />

school timings were longer more than timings<br />

followed under ICDS for Pre-school age children.<br />

l There were problems of space, specific place and<br />

accommodation for AWCs. Besides, another<br />

rampant problem related to delayed/irregular<br />

payments of additional honorarium by DPEP to<br />

AWWs and Helpers.<br />

Micro level Study on Birth Weight and<br />

Neo-natal Deaths of Hospital-Born<br />

Children in Hospitals of Guwahati City<br />

Though various programmes have been introduced<br />

to reduce mortality and morbidity of the young babies still<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

IMR and MMR in our country are quite high in comparison<br />

to other developed countries. Much of this is preventable<br />

if proper and timely care is taken by the mothers.<br />

Birth weight is an important indicator to know<br />

the mortality and morbidity status of the baby. Hence,<br />

the Regional Centre, Guwahati undertook this study<br />

to understand the status of birth weight and neonatal<br />

deaths of the babies born in hospitals. Apart from<br />

this, as maternal health status is very much related<br />

to the birth weight, mortality and morbidity. Hence<br />

data relating to the mother’s previous health status,<br />

general background, etc. were also collected.<br />

The objectives of the study were to find out the<br />

birth weights of the newborns in the hospitals; find out the<br />

incidence of neonatal mortality and morbidity; and study<br />

the causes of low birth weight, mortality and morbidity.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l Out of 265 respondents 69 (26.04 percent) had<br />

abortion in their earlier pregnancies. However,<br />

for majority it was their first pregnancy. Out of 69<br />

abortions, 40 were spontaneous and the rest 29<br />

were induced.<br />

l It was found that 96.98 percent respondents<br />

consulted doctor during pregnancy. Majority of<br />

them visited the doctor first in their first trimester.<br />

Total number of visits to the medical personnel<br />

made by the largest number of the mothers (54.86<br />

percent) was 4-6 times. In all, eight mothers did<br />

not consult doctor at all during the entire period<br />

of pregnancy.<br />

l Highest number of respondents (96.23 percent)<br />

mentioned receiving TT vaccine, followed by<br />

checking blood pressure (92.83 percent). Though<br />

82.64 percent consumed IFA tablets, the number<br />

of consumption of these tablets varied. Over a<br />

third (39.73 percent) consumed these tablets only<br />

between 1-50 nos. which is quite inadequate.<br />

l It was found that though 61.13 percent mothers<br />

took some amount of additional food at this stage,<br />

65


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

66<br />

still a large number of them did not take care of<br />

this part due to various reasons like ignorance,<br />

poverty, ailments, negligence, etc.<br />

l A good number of mothers (90.57 percent) were<br />

found knowing about family planning. Among them<br />

46.67 percent did not use any measure. Most of<br />

the respondents who used family planning<br />

measures preferred oral tablets as they felt it<br />

convenient.<br />

l Most of the newborns (90.42 percent) were<br />

initiated to breast feeding within first day of birth.<br />

Few of them put their babies onto breast later<br />

than first day. In all, out of 261 neonates, 28<br />

(10.73 percent) were given prelacteal foods.<br />

l The birth weight of majority of the neonates<br />

(79.03 percent) was normal, i.e. ± 2500 gm. The<br />

rest 56 babies (20.97 percent) were born with birth<br />

weight (LBW), less than 2500 gm. Out of 56 LBW<br />

babies, 33.93 percent were pre-term and the rest<br />

(66.07 percent) were normal term babies. Standard<br />

deviation of LBW and normal babies was 0.192<br />

and 0.320, respectively.<br />

l Though various factors affect birth weight, here only<br />

few of them, which were felt necessary, were<br />

analysed with birth weights. These are given below:<br />

i) There is a decline in the incidence of LBW<br />

babies with increase of family income.<br />

ii) Education does not have any impact on<br />

birth weight. Insignificant result of chisquare<br />

test also supported the fact.<br />

iii) Chances of LBW babies were found more<br />

where mothers belonged to the age group<br />

below 19 and above 34 years.<br />

iv) LBW babies were found to be more in<br />

mothers who did not take extra food during<br />

the pregnancy period.<br />

v) It was found that chances of LBW babies<br />

were more among the first born and birth<br />

order third onwards. In this regard the results<br />

of chi-square test was found to be significant.<br />

l The neonatal deaths were found less (5.8 percent)<br />

among the hospital-born children in comparison<br />

to the country’s figure 46 (64 percent of the<br />

present IMR of 72). Causes of these deaths could<br />

not be ascertained from hospital records, but the<br />

hospital personnel mentioned that most of these<br />

deaths were due to pre-maturity or LBW. Except<br />

LBW, other morbidity patterns were not seen<br />

among the neonates of the study population.<br />

Concurrent Evaluation of STEP Projects<br />

Department of Women and Child Development<br />

(DWCD), Government of India has extended support to<br />

many voluntary organisations in NE Region. During the<br />

years, at the instance of DWCD, Government of India,<br />

the Regional Centre, Guwahati accomplished the<br />

concurrent evaluation of eight STEP projects (6 in<br />

Nagaland and 2 in Manipur). The objectives of these<br />

evaluations were mainly to look into the functioning of<br />

groups formed, additional income accruing to the<br />

beneficiaries, whether there has been an improvement<br />

in awareness level of beneficiaries as far as health,<br />

literacy and gender sensitisation, etc. are concerned.<br />

The STEP project was evaluated in the following<br />

eight organisations implementing the project:<br />

1. Thujo Multipurpose Cooperative Society Ltd.,<br />

Phek, Nagaland<br />

2. Onnuri Mission Society, Dimapur, Nagaland<br />

3. Kohima District Cooperative Milk Producers’<br />

Union Ltd., Dimapur, Nagaland<br />

4. Integrated Rural Development Centre, Kohima,<br />

Nagaland<br />

5. Longkama Multipurpose Cooperative Society,<br />

Mokokchong, Nagaland<br />

6. Henueru Multipurpose Cooperative Society,<br />

Kohima, Nagaland


7. Chilchil Mission Society, Imphal, Manipur<br />

8. Wangjing Woman & Girls’ Society, Thoubal,<br />

Manipur<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l All the organisations implementing the STEP<br />

Projects have achieved their targets almost 80 –<br />

95 percent.<br />

l The micro-enterprise taken up by the women<br />

groups deserves expansion to more areas for the<br />

economic empowerment of women.<br />

l Products of all the groups covered by these<br />

organisations under STEP programme have<br />

demand in the local market. Thus marketing is<br />

not a problem for the STEP projects in NE<br />

Region.<br />

l The STEP programme undertaken by the<br />

organisations has inspired the women of<br />

neighbouring areas which could be kept involved<br />

for further expansion of the programme amongst<br />

the hard working tribal women of the hilly states<br />

of the region.<br />

l All the organisations were facing problem in<br />

smooth running of the scheme due to delays in<br />

receipt of grant-in-aid.<br />

l All the beneficiaries interviewed were of the view<br />

that after the implementation of the STEP<br />

programme, their socio-economic status has<br />

ameliorated.<br />

Survey of Counselling Services in<br />

Karnataka<br />

Individuals are confronted with variety of<br />

problems both in personal and professional life. One of<br />

the methods being adopted to deal with/solve these<br />

problems is counselling. Counselling services have<br />

become almost a necessity to address these problems;<br />

it is assumed that these services help in alleviating<br />

problems of human relationship. Counsellors are being<br />

employed in schools, hospitals, companies, and<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

factories and even in voluntary organisations.<br />

Counselling as a profession has come to stay.<br />

Counselling services are provided by<br />

Government-run institutions, private institutions and<br />

individual practitioners. Psychologists and social workers<br />

appointed in these institutions are offering counselling<br />

services to people approaching them. The informal data<br />

available on this subject show that the institutions, both<br />

government and private, are offering training on<br />

counselling and these institutions are on the increase.<br />

There is a need to look into the details of the counselling<br />

services provided by these institutions, training offered<br />

and such other related issues.<br />

Voluntary sector is doing a equally pioneering job<br />

in providing counselling services. However, their nature,<br />

and area of focus differ. While therapeutic counselling is<br />

a specialised field, which can be handled by professionals<br />

and trained counsellors e.g. Psychiatrists, Clinical<br />

Psychologists and Psychiatric Social Workers, a more<br />

‘diluted’ form of counselling is being used for advising,<br />

communicating, empathising, guiding, referring and<br />

providing emotional support to people. This type of<br />

counselling is being given by persons whose<br />

qualifications and training are not fully known. There is a<br />

need to compile data on the total number of institutions<br />

both Government and voluntary, providing counselling<br />

services, individuals providing counselling services,<br />

qualification of counsellors providing counselling services<br />

and the areas of counselling.<br />

In view of the above, a need was felt to conduct a<br />

survey on counselling services in Southern states, to start<br />

with, in Karnataka. Many Government departments have<br />

started helplines and employment of counsellors in<br />

almost all sectors is on the increase. In this context, a<br />

document containing details on counselling would have<br />

certainly helped not only the needy ones, but also to those<br />

who want to get trained, or undertake research in the<br />

field of counselling.<br />

The Regional Centre, Bangalore, therefore,<br />

conducted this survey with the objectives of collecting<br />

information about the number of institutions providing<br />

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Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

counselling services; assessing infrastructure available<br />

in counselling centres (including staff); being apprised<br />

of the training facilities available for counselling; taking<br />

stock of counselling services; and preparing a directory<br />

of counselling services/ centres.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l There are counselling centres, delivering<br />

counselling services in Karnataka. In some centres,<br />

counselling is an additional activity. The data<br />

collected from different sources indicated that there<br />

are 227 numbers of counselling centres. Out of<br />

this, the particulars about 102 have been collected.<br />

l There is a concentration of counselling centres/<br />

activities in urban areas, specifically in Bangalore<br />

(28 nos). Only a few are found in some districts like<br />

Gulburga and Raichur. This does not mean that there<br />

are no people in need of counselling services in<br />

these areas; in fact, they are availing these services<br />

from counselling centres in other districts.<br />

l All the counselling centres reported that they have<br />

reasonably good infrastructure. However, this area<br />

needs further probe so as to assess their relevance<br />

and adequacy.<br />

l The counsellors are employed for delivering<br />

services both on full time and part time basis, but<br />

more on full time basis. Their qualification varied<br />

from matriculation to doctoral degree. Similarly,<br />

their training also varied from attending a few<br />

days’ orientation courses to intensive training for<br />

two years.<br />

l The salary of the counsellors differed not only on<br />

the seniority but also from centre to centre.<br />

Similarly, the honorarium paid to volunteers also<br />

varied from Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 5,000 and above<br />

per month.<br />

l Majority of the centres depended on grants for<br />

financial support, more so from the Government.<br />

However, the funding by private institutions was<br />

also reported in running counselling centres.<br />

68<br />

l The fees collected for counselling services are<br />

relatively nominal, and in many centres, it is free<br />

of cost.<br />

l Counselling centres are seen collaborating their<br />

work with other centers, more for seeking<br />

advanced services. The collaboration was found<br />

relatively more in the area of referral and<br />

rehabilitation services.<br />

l The counselling centres in reference are<br />

delivering variety of services for different<br />

problems. Majority of the centres provide<br />

combination of services and not just one or two.<br />

Family, marital and individual counselling services<br />

are provided relatively more in majority of the<br />

centres.<br />

l The response regarding training and training<br />

centres was limited; they only furnished<br />

information like duration of training, admission<br />

criteria etc. However, the survey indicated that<br />

the privately run training centres are more in<br />

number.<br />

l The curriculum followed in training centres around<br />

the academic background of trainers; the<br />

admission criteria for trainees varied from centre<br />

to centre, and from programme to programme;<br />

same was true of the evaluation criteria.<br />

l Like counselling centres, training centres for<br />

counselling are located mainly in Bangalore.<br />

Concurrent Evaluation of Women’s<br />

Dairy Projects being Implemented<br />

under STEP Project<br />

Since the STEP Project of Mahila Chetna Manch<br />

(MCM), Bhopal was sanctioned in 1997 and MCM received<br />

only 1st instalment of the grant, and the Project already<br />

completed the scheduled time frame (3 years), a need<br />

was felt to undertake an evaluation of the project to assess<br />

the extent of implementation as also the impact of the<br />

project on target community/area. The evaluation of the<br />

project was entrusted to the Regional Centre, Indore by


the Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government<br />

of India.<br />

The objectives of the evaluation were to assess<br />

the extent of implementation of the project with reference<br />

to the objectives of the project and its terms of reference;<br />

review the financial aspects of grants released and its<br />

utilisation as per the sanction; to ascertain the impact of<br />

the project on the lives of women covered under the project<br />

including issues related to linkages, training, awareness<br />

and overall empowerment; and provide suggestions/<br />

recommendations for future directions for project.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l Since empowerment parameters are not generally<br />

quantifiable, the major sources of information are:<br />

inferences drawn from discussion held with the<br />

project staff working at village level, women from<br />

the villages and the community (panchayat<br />

members, Women Dairy Cooperative Societies<br />

(WDCSs) and Self Help Groups (SHGs)<br />

members.<br />

l Highly patriarchal and feudal society of the project<br />

area initially showed extreme resistance for such<br />

‘all women project.’ Instead, they wanted the<br />

project for male members. Continuous efforts/<br />

meetings were held with the male members that<br />

include community leaders as well as husbands<br />

of women targeted by the project implementers.<br />

The discussion process ranged from awareness<br />

generation to counselling to negotiation for<br />

women’s participation, mobility and visible<br />

involvement in economic activity outside their<br />

home. Moreover, women specially those whose<br />

family own land and cattle, themselves were<br />

shaky and lacked in self confidence to handle<br />

such jobs. Women being mostly illiterate, ignorant<br />

and confined to home and hearth, felt uneasy with<br />

their new role.<br />

l However, with the persistent efforts of project<br />

officials and some motivated community<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

members, men allowed their wives/daughters-inlaw<br />

to become the member and take part in<br />

meetings, working for collection and such limited<br />

activities. Nonetheless, this initiated a quantum<br />

jump in women’s lives.<br />

l Males have realised and accepted the importance<br />

of women (through the project) and their potential<br />

in the economic improvement of the family. Firstly<br />

women were allowed to undertake the<br />

responsibility and most importantly women could<br />

undergo training/skill upgradation for the works of<br />

WDCSs. Women members also have been taken<br />

outside their village for exposure visits (without their<br />

men) by the project staff. Today they (women)<br />

admit that they feel more confident in interacting<br />

with outsiders/men. Moreover, they can come out<br />

and participate in outside meetings with project staff<br />

and others.<br />

l The study team observed that men still do not<br />

leave women all that free. They are generally<br />

around to oversee the work, maintenance of<br />

records/registers (women being mostly illiterate<br />

or with low literacy). Further, during the discussion<br />

with women WDCS/SHG members, group of men<br />

(mostly the husbands) are around at same<br />

distance and often volunteered for comments/<br />

interactions.<br />

l Attitudes of women about gender equality in<br />

health, nutrition, education etc. are very positive.<br />

Though it is also true that adolescent girls (under<br />

18 years) are generally married. This, they<br />

attribute to lack of educational facilities and other<br />

opportunities at village level, lack of<br />

communication/transport facilities. Poverty is<br />

another major reason (for not so well off families)<br />

to get rid of expenses on the daughter.<br />

l Women members of SHGs, many of whom are<br />

member of WDCSs as well, want to have other<br />

income generating programmes, for which the male<br />

members of the family, community leader also are<br />

69


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

70<br />

interested. Women now regularly participate in group<br />

meetings, discuss such issues, and attempt to find<br />

out other avenues with the help of project staff.<br />

l On enquiry about family violence/wife beating,<br />

women admitted that it has reduced a little and<br />

they feel they can show their resistance and raise<br />

objection to such behaviour more strongly now<br />

than before the start of the programme.<br />

l The other gain was in the women panchayat<br />

member. A few panchayat members informed that<br />

they are sensitive towards many issues like<br />

educational facilities for girls, improvement of<br />

roads etc. for which women suffer. They tried to<br />

raise the issue in Gram Sabha for the intervention,<br />

but because of their small number and other<br />

drawbacks (illiteracy, lack of communication skill<br />

etc.), their voices are not heard.<br />

l Women panchayat members informed that their<br />

knowledge about functioning of panchayat and<br />

role of panchayat members was increased with<br />

inputs from the MCM project staff. They<br />

contemplate approaching Gram Sabha with<br />

groups of women – which is difficult at this stage.<br />

l It is understood that after observing the success<br />

of the project, Government officials (Collectors)<br />

and community leaders from other districts are<br />

inviting the MCM to help in formation of WDCSs<br />

in their districts/villages. In addition, private sector<br />

people from Ice cream, milk and other milk product<br />

industries are also approaching them to link them<br />

with WDCS and work for them.<br />

l Though impact of the project cannot be drawn in<br />

straight-jacketed fashion, it can definitely be<br />

inferred that the project has made some dent in<br />

the lives of women of the highly patriarchal society<br />

of the area. However, the aspirations of women<br />

need much more support and hand holding before<br />

they can be truly empowered to take control of<br />

their lives.<br />

Case Study on Female Infanticide,<br />

Usilampatti, Tamil Nadu<br />

A case study on Mother and Child Welfare Project,<br />

Usilampatti run by ICCW, Tamil Nadu was taken up by<br />

the Headquarters with a view to have first hand<br />

experience and information about the project on female<br />

infanticide and its activities as a means for women<br />

empowerment; identify reasons for success or failures<br />

of the activities of the project; document the activities as<br />

a Case Study for use in training programme; advocacy<br />

throughout the country particularly in the Northern belt<br />

where there is strong preference for sons due to sociocultural<br />

reasons; and understand the ways and means<br />

adopted to promote the survival, growth and development<br />

of girl child from conception to birth and at subsequent<br />

stages of life.<br />

For this purpose, an empirical inquiry for<br />

investigating the phenomenon of female infanticide was<br />

made. The study used multiple sources of evidence for<br />

collecting information. Case Study method enabled<br />

probing the phenomenon deeply and analyse it<br />

intensively. Unit of analysis for defining the event of<br />

female infanticide was Usilampatti Taluka of Madurai<br />

District, Tamil Nadu.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS<br />

l It is a model project towards curbing the practice<br />

of female infanticide as also a concurrent attempt<br />

to empower women. It is an excellent work<br />

towards promotion of birth survival, growth,<br />

protection and development of girl child.<br />

l The attempt made by the council proves that a<br />

change in unhealthy social practices/beliefs is<br />

tough, faces resistance and is slow process but<br />

not impossible. This type of efforts could be made<br />

in other States through NGOs. This could go a long<br />

way to balance sex ratio at national level.<br />

l All girls are sent to school. As they study, they<br />

make family as a whole educated. This will enable<br />

them to intervene more forcefully and positively<br />

on social issues.


l The need of the hour is to change the mindset<br />

prevailing in primitive society. Society has to<br />

liberate itself from this curse to move forward<br />

jointly by rubbing the shoulders in workplace,<br />

cooperate at each and every step with women<br />

and accord equal status and honour to them. Men<br />

folk have to understand that men and women both<br />

are complementary and supplementary to each<br />

other. If one suffers, another is bound to face<br />

“dooms day.”<br />

l There is a need to take up the programmes on<br />

education, health in each and every nook and<br />

corner of India with the help and support of civil<br />

society organisations.<br />

l District Level Committee on violence against<br />

women need to monitor the clinics and activities<br />

of radiologists scrupulously. Schools and colleges<br />

need to be sensitised on this issue including its<br />

far reaching impact.<br />

Implementation of State Policies for<br />

Empowerment of Women : An Appraisal<br />

Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government<br />

of India has announced National Policy for the<br />

Empowerment of Women (NPEW) (2001) and has also<br />

prepared an Action Plan in Consultation with different<br />

Ministries/Departments of Government of India. As a<br />

follow-up of this, State Government have also brought<br />

out their own state policies for the empowerment of<br />

women and worked out Action Plan in relation to the<br />

policy. The goal of this policy is to bring about the<br />

advancement, development and empowerment of<br />

women.<br />

The Institute undertook the task of advocating<br />

and publicising NPEW among officials, NGOs, women<br />

activists, professionals academicians. Besides, it was<br />

also decided to take stock of policies along with action<br />

plans evolved by the States/UTs in the light of NPEW<br />

of women and analyse their structure and mechanism<br />

to ensure efficient monitoring.<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

In order to ensure dissemination of policy; discuss<br />

policy prescription and translating policy provisions into<br />

action; evolve operational strategies and institutional<br />

mechanisms as also sharing of experiences of<br />

participants on the policies and programmes<br />

implemented by Central and State Government, three<br />

Regional Level Workshops were held in Trichur,<br />

Ahemmadabad and Guwahati in 2001-02. During the<br />

workshops, an overall view of the status of formulation/<br />

implementation of State Policy for Empowerment of<br />

Women in specific States was presented by the<br />

participants and gaps keeping in view the National Policy<br />

for the Empowerment of women were identified in the<br />

areas of health and family welfare; nutrition; media;<br />

economic empowerment; education; social empowerment,<br />

shelter, environment, and violence; women in<br />

difficult circumstances; and political participation and<br />

decision making.<br />

In <strong>2003</strong>-04 the Institute approached the Women<br />

and Child Development Departments of different States/<br />

UTs to get feedback related to State-Specific Women<br />

Policy and Action Plans prepared by them. Only 18<br />

States/UTs who responded informed that the policy is<br />

still under preparation. For the appraisal of States Policy,<br />

the policy documents and Action Plans prepared by the<br />

specific States were studied and analysed in the light of<br />

policy provisions. Based on the commonalities found in<br />

the documents, an analysis report was prepared.<br />

SOME MAJOR FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS<br />

As a result of analysis of State Policies received,<br />

following recommendations emerge as action points<br />

under different sections of the Women Empowerment<br />

Policy.<br />

I. Economic Empowerment<br />

l Enhancing credit facilities to women and to<br />

ensure adequate flow of credit through<br />

financial institutions and banks to women<br />

living below poverty line.<br />

l Adequate Institutional support like creche,<br />

hostels and short stay homes for women in<br />

71


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

72<br />

night shift, security, rest room and<br />

transportation.<br />

l Organisation of women cultivators/agricultural<br />

labours into women groups and to make them<br />

functional.<br />

l Provide training to women to promote skills for<br />

income generating activities like handloom<br />

weaving, traditional arts, handicrafts, collection<br />

of waste, use of sewing machine as well as<br />

focus on Information Technology,<br />

Biotechnology etc.<br />

l Coverage of women cooperatives under<br />

centrally sponsored schemes in all districts.<br />

Judicial and Legal System<br />

l Effective review and implementation of all<br />

relevant legal provisions including Child<br />

Marriage Restraint Act, Immoral Traffic<br />

Prevention Act, Pre-Natal Diagnostics<br />

Techniques, (Regulation, Prevention and<br />

Misuse Act) Factories and Bonded Labour<br />

Abolition Act, Dowry Prohibition Act etc.<br />

l Extend land rights to women and encourage<br />

co-ownership of property by women to offer<br />

productive assets like house, shop, factory etc.<br />

l Public advocacy and swift legal redressal shall<br />

be ensured in cases where women are deprived<br />

of rights and create mass consciousness and<br />

provide legal awareness about women’s rights.<br />

SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT<br />

(a) Education<br />

l Access to education for women and girls<br />

l Enrolment of all girls in schools and ensure<br />

retention of enrolled girls in schools with<br />

special emphasis to girls belonging to SC/ST/<br />

OBC and minorities.<br />

l Reduce gender gaps and providing quality<br />

education to girls with emphasis on education<br />

for life.<br />

(b) Health Care and Nutrition<br />

l Increased investment in women’s education<br />

and health and ensure women have access to<br />

affordable and proper health care, information<br />

and related services.<br />

l Special attention needs to be paid to creating<br />

awareness about AIDS, menstrual health care<br />

and hygiene: gynaecological problems, STD,<br />

osteoporosis and nutrition issues.<br />

l Encourage local women organisations/SHGs<br />

to participate in PHC’s activities including<br />

traditional medicine and measures to promote<br />

self care and increased community care.<br />

Reduction of IMR and MMR – achievement<br />

of targets and block specific strategies for<br />

eliminating nutrition related deaths<br />

(c) Drinking Water and Sanitation<br />

l Access to safe drinking water to all<br />

households within the distance of one<br />

kilometre and sanitation facilities within<br />

habitation.<br />

(d) Housing and Shelter<br />

l Shelter for all. Priority to women-headed<br />

households.<br />

(e) Environment, Science and Technology<br />

l In view of depletion of forest wealth, alternative<br />

resources of energy to be developed/provided<br />

for rural women and to take initiatives for the<br />

improvement of agriculture/horticulture/forest<br />

technologies.<br />

(f) Women in difficult circumstances<br />

l Provision of adequate financial assistance and<br />

ideal homes with vocational training facilities<br />

for destitute, deserted, widows, disabled and<br />

women victims of social violence.<br />

(g) Violence against Women<br />

l Access to help line, family counselling centre,<br />

legal aid centre, short stay home, women police<br />

cell in every block


l Implementation of Prevention of Domestic<br />

Violence Act, appointment of protection officer<br />

and constitution of family court, constitution<br />

of complaints committees against sexual<br />

harassment in all public & private Institutions<br />

and educational Institutions. Introduced<br />

Gender Sensitisation training for planners,<br />

politicians, police personnel, judiciary people<br />

and administrative officers.<br />

(h) Rights of the Girl Child<br />

l Elimination of girl child labour in hazardous<br />

industries, providing educational life skills for<br />

girl child labour and ensuring vigorous<br />

enforcement of MTP Act and Foeticide Act and<br />

massive awareness Campaign.<br />

SOCIO-LEGAL ASPECTS OF THE FUNCTIONING OF<br />

FAMILY COURTS IN INDIA<br />

The philosophy on the basis of which family courts<br />

were established is to treat problems relating to family<br />

(divorce, maintenance, alimony, custody, education and<br />

financial support of children) as a social therapeutic<br />

problem rather than legal. Therefore, the main attributes<br />

of family courts are: it should conserve, and not disrupt<br />

family life; it should be helpful and not harmful to individual<br />

parties and children; and it should be preservative rather<br />

than punitive to family and marriage.<br />

On the basis of these attributes it is evident that family<br />

court requires a less formal and more active investigational<br />

and inquisitional procedure, meaning thereby that the<br />

procedure is not adversial where the court works as an umpire<br />

to see how a legal action is defeated or won by contesting<br />

parties. The procedure being inquisitional means involvement<br />

of the parties, social workers, lawyers, welfare officers,<br />

psychiatrists and other related groups in finding out a solution<br />

to the family problem on humane considerations, to overcome<br />

the troubles, reconcile and resolve the conflict and provide<br />

assistance to concerned parties.<br />

Almost two decades are over since the passing<br />

of Family Courts Act, 1984 in India. Twenty-year<br />

period seems to be sufficient in any kind of polity to<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

assess the working and utility of these courts. At this<br />

point, it was thought appropriate that the Institute<br />

should take up the task of writing a theme paper which<br />

will, besides concerning the background on Family<br />

Court, revolve on around ranging questions and issues<br />

for the overall assessment and working towards<br />

constructive action. Accordingly, a theme paper has<br />

been prepared by the Headquarters of the Institute<br />

during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>.<br />

SCHEMES OF CHILDREN IN THE GOVERNMENT OF<br />

INDIA FOR DEVELOPMENT AND WELFARE OF<br />

CHILDREN<br />

A plethora of schemes have been launched during<br />

the last more than five decades for the development and<br />

welfare of children in our country. These include the<br />

schemes sponsored by the Central Government, the<br />

State Governments, projects run by non-governmental<br />

organisations under the grant-in-aid schemes of the<br />

government and government-controlled agencies.<br />

All Departments within the Government bring out<br />

brochures of schemes and programmes implemented by<br />

them. Similarly, guidelines for various grant-in-aid schemes<br />

are available separately with the concerned Government<br />

Departments and Government-controlled bodies.<br />

Generally, the schemes run by the State Governments<br />

known within the State only and many socially beneficial<br />

ideas get restricted to a limited sphere of knowledge.<br />

The Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Government of India, brought out in 1999 a Handbook of<br />

Schemes for Assistance covering both, the schemes and<br />

programmes for development and welfare of women and<br />

children implemented through the Department and bodies<br />

under it, namely - NIPCCD, CSWB and RMK to enable<br />

convergence of schemes at the district level and to develop<br />

a nodal point at the Block-level for enhancing the outreach<br />

of the compiling schemes of other Government Departments<br />

for welfare and development of women and children with<br />

the same objective. The information about the state-level<br />

schemes, therefore, is not yet available with the Block-level<br />

nodal agency (office of the CDPO) for enabling the<br />

population to avail the benefits of the State-sponsored<br />

73


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

schemes. Limited area of knowledge about several<br />

innovative State-level schemes also reduces chances of<br />

replication of viable developmental models. In view of these,<br />

the Headquarters of the Institute brought out a compilation<br />

titled, Schemes of Children in the Government of India for<br />

Development and Welfare of Children.<br />

The main objective of the documentation was to<br />

bring out a compilation of Schemes for development<br />

and welfare of children being implemented by the Centre<br />

and the States and their agencies with the specific<br />

objectives of strengthening the National database on<br />

children at DCWC; providing both Central and Statelevel<br />

schemes for development and welfare of children<br />

to NGOs and the Block-level nodal agencies for child<br />

development at one place; apprising policy makers and<br />

planners with the innovative initiatives of both the<br />

Central and State Governments to provide Child<br />

development and welfare.<br />

Various sources of information at the Central and<br />

State level were tapped through all available modes of<br />

communication to collect relevant information. The<br />

publication was released on 14 November <strong>2003</strong> (the<br />

Universal Children’s Day) by the Hon’ble Minister for<br />

Human Resource Development. The publication has<br />

been organised into sections compiling schemes for early<br />

childcare and development, schemes to promote child<br />

health, schemes for children’s education, schemes for<br />

disabled children, schemes for children from scheduled<br />

castes and OBCs, schemes for tribal children, schemes<br />

for prevention and rehabilitation of child labour, social<br />

defence schemes for<br />

children, schemes for<br />

adolescents. The book<br />

is a valuable reference<br />

document for the<br />

government departments,<br />

state agencies<br />

and NGOs working<br />

towards development<br />

and welfare of children and various faculties in colleges<br />

and universities related to social welfare and child<br />

development.<br />

74<br />

PROGRAMMES OF DEPARTMENT OF WOMEN AND<br />

CHILD DEVELOPMENT, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA<br />

<strong>2003</strong> (36 BOOKLETS IN HINDI AND ENGLISH EACH)<br />

This set of 36 booklets on India and each State/<br />

Union Territory was prepared by the Documentation<br />

Centre on Women and Children of the Institute, and<br />

released by the then Hon’ble Minister of Human<br />

Resource Development, Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi on the<br />

occasion of Universal Children’s Day, 14 November <strong>2003</strong>.<br />

The publication gives district-wise position of the<br />

funds released and the beneficiaries covered under<br />

various programmes of the Department of Women and<br />

Child Development, Government of India, for the years<br />

2001-02 and 2002-03. Each booklet covers one State/<br />

Union Territory, and one booklet covers India. Information<br />

is given in each booklet about the voluntary organisations<br />

funded district wise under 20 programmes/schemes of<br />

the Government of India.<br />

PREPARATION AND DEVELOPING OF PRINT<br />

MATERIALS/PAMPHLET/BROCHURE FOR<br />

CREATING AWARENESS IN COMMUNITY ABOUT<br />

PREVENTION, EARLY DETECTION AND<br />

MANAGEMENT OF MENTAL RETARDATION AMONG<br />

CHILDREN<br />

Mental retardation is a global problem. Out of<br />

total Indian population, it is estimated that 2.5 percent<br />

children are suffering from mental retardation. The<br />

process of growth and development is slow in mentally<br />

retarded children. They are different from normal<br />

children by being slow in performing developmental<br />

tasks like smiling, sitting, walking, etc. with delayed<br />

process of retention, recapitulation and understan-ding.<br />

They behave like under-aged children; a six-year old<br />

may behave like three years old. There is a need<br />

therefore to raise awareness of people about the<br />

manifestations related to Mental Retardation and to<br />

facilitate early detection of the condition to help their<br />

rehabilitation in the society. With this in view, the<br />

Regional Centre, Guwahati took up a project on<br />

preparation and development of print materials like<br />

pamphlets/brochure for creating awareness in<br />

community about prevention, early detection and


management of mental retardation among children. As<br />

a part of the above project, a Brochure on Prevention,<br />

Early Detection and Management of Mental Retardation<br />

has been prepared.<br />

The brochure has been published in Bodo, Bengali<br />

and Khasi languages during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>.<br />

DEVELOPMENT OF TRAINING MODULES<br />

Following the suggestions given by the General<br />

Body of the Institute in its Meeting held on 27 May <strong>2004</strong><br />

the Institute undertook development of following training<br />

modules:<br />

i. Gender Training Module on Women<br />

Empowerment<br />

ii. Counselling for Functionaries of Child<br />

Care Institutes<br />

iii. Health and Nutrition of Young Children and<br />

Women<br />

iv. Prevention of Trafficking of Women and<br />

Children<br />

v. Holistic Development of Adolescent Girls<br />

vi. Management of Child Care Services<br />

ON-GOING RESEARCH/EVALUATION STUDIES<br />

A Survey of Working Women Hostels in India<br />

The Headquarters of the Institute has undertaken<br />

this project in collaboration with two organisations namely<br />

School of Planning and Architecture (SPA) and Human<br />

Settlement & Management Institute (HSMI). The Institute<br />

gave inputs into the initiation and during the process of<br />

the study in terms of finalisation of study design, selection<br />

of sample cities, the tools of the study, pre-testing and<br />

guidance as and when required.<br />

The study was initiated in five cities with the criteria<br />

of having a population of over 10 lakh namely, Lucknow.<br />

Ludhiana, Vishakhapatnam (covered by SPA), Madurai<br />

and Bhopal (covered by HSMI). The objectives of the study<br />

are to review related surveys/studies; assess the extent<br />

of need for the establishment; and expansion of hostels<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

for employed single women; ascertain socio-economic<br />

background of the respondents; find out the finances/<br />

schemes available elsewhere for such social infrastructure;<br />

examine land availability from institutional sources for<br />

single working women’s hostel construction; examine the<br />

extent of incorporation of social infrastructure and<br />

community services requirement in urban planning;<br />

explore the methods sought by single working women to<br />

meet their housing needs and parameters considered in<br />

decision making.<br />

The interim draft report has been submitted by<br />

both the organisations. As techniques and methods of<br />

data collection use of questionnaires, observation<br />

method, case studies and focused group discussions was<br />

made apart from the secondary source data.<br />

Incidence of the Desertion by NRIs of Married<br />

Women<br />

The Headquarters of the Institute has undertaken<br />

a study on Desertion of Married Women by NRIs, in Andhra<br />

Pradesh and Punjab. For the study in Andhra Pradesh<br />

Department of Women’s studies, Sri Padmavati Mahila<br />

Visvavidhalayam, Tirupati, AP is collaborating with the<br />

Institute. The main objectives of the study were to identify<br />

the factors leading to the desertion of women by NRI,<br />

analyse the legal aspects regarding relief and rehabilitation<br />

needs of the deserted women both in terms of<br />

psychological counselling, economic support, legal aid,<br />

social support, medical aid etc. suggest suitable<br />

immigration policies to curb such fraudulent marriages and<br />

the jurisdiction for punishment of the offenders: study the<br />

procedures for return of material and money taken from<br />

brides by bridegrooms, study the role of gender<br />

sensitisation/awareness of parents to give equal treatment<br />

to girls and not dispose them as commodities in the<br />

marriage market and suggest legal measures to ensure<br />

care and protection of married women and role of parents.<br />

The tools for data collection have been developed<br />

and pre-tested. First instalment of funds has been<br />

released to the collaborating agency. The preliminary visit<br />

to district headquarters has been made and review of<br />

literature has been done.<br />

75


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

Action Research on Integrating Support<br />

Services with Family Courts<br />

The Headquarters of the Institute, in collaboration<br />

with Women’s Studies and Development Centre,<br />

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, and Centre for<br />

Women’s Studies, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling,<br />

West Bengal, has undertaken an Action Research on<br />

Integrating Support Services with Family Courts in the<br />

States of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Goa. The<br />

objectives of the study are to examine the effectiveness<br />

of functioning of various support services; identify,<br />

examine and analyse the mechanism/devices that exist<br />

for handling marital disputes in the Family Court; assess<br />

in-depth role of support services and family courts in the<br />

context of premises on which the institution of family court<br />

has been established; integrate support services for<br />

women victims of violence with Family Courts; appraise<br />

the effectiveness of the functioning of various support/<br />

agencies/mechanisms for resolving marital problems;<br />

assess the extent of existing linkages of supportive<br />

services with that of Family Courts and provide guidance<br />

and suggestions for betterment; and develop the<br />

counselling skills of NGOs particularly women’s groups<br />

to deal effectively with the women approaching the family<br />

courts.<br />

76<br />

Data Collection of the study is in progress.<br />

A Study of Voluntary Efforts in the Area of<br />

Child Development in North-Eastern Region<br />

The Regional Centre, Guwahati has undertaken<br />

this study. The main objectives of the study are to analyse<br />

the nature of programmes undertaken by voluntary<br />

organisation for child welfare/development; look into the<br />

organisational set-up, sources of fund including nature<br />

of grants-in-aid received from various sources; find out<br />

extent of community participation in the programmes of<br />

the organisations and its resources and to find out the<br />

effectiveness of the personnel of voluntary organisations<br />

engaged in implementing various programmes and the<br />

mechanisms of monitoring the programmes undertaken<br />

by the organisations.<br />

<strong>Report</strong> writing of the study is in progress.<br />

Anganwadi Training Centres (AWTCs) in Uttar<br />

Pradesh : An Evaluation<br />

The Regional Centre, Lucknow has undertaken<br />

this study. The main objectives of the study are to assess<br />

the existing infrastructural and training facilities available<br />

in the centres; identify gaps in the transaction of training;<br />

assess the human resources in terms of their<br />

specialisation, training and experience in the AWTCs;<br />

find out problems and hurdles faced by the centres in<br />

organisation of training programmes; and suggest<br />

measures to strengthen the overall functioning of the<br />

centres and effective impart of training.<br />

Primary data collection work from the field has<br />

been completed.<br />

A Study on Special Arrangements to Combat<br />

Violence and Crime against Women in the<br />

states of Punjab and Haryana<br />

Violence against women continues to be a<br />

pervasive, systemic, and even sanctioned practice. The<br />

key challenge that remains is to move the issue ahead,<br />

from the level of awareness generation among people<br />

to the realisation that it is human rights violation and a<br />

crime, socially unacceptable, counter to community<br />

norms and detrimental to development. One of the vital<br />

steps taken for combating domestic violence is creation<br />

of Crime against Women (CAW) Cells in police. The CAW<br />

cells work directly with women, their families and<br />

community in providing range of services including<br />

interface with police, emotional support, and counselling<br />

and crimes intervention.<br />

The Headquarters of the Institute has undertaken<br />

the present study, which intends to assess the<br />

effectiveness of these cells in addressing domestic<br />

violence – effectiveness in combating and redressal of<br />

crime against women. Along with this, the study attempts<br />

to examine the nature and form of violence experienced<br />

by women and the nature of incidents in which police<br />

intervention was sought after. The study will also analyse<br />

the perception of police about violence and the level of<br />

gender sensitivity among police. The main objectives of<br />

the study are to examine the nature of assistance and<br />

support services required by victims and role of CAW


cells and other agencies in redressal of domestic<br />

violence; assess the effectiveness of CAW cells in<br />

combating the domestic violence and redressal of crime<br />

against women; analyse the problems, constraints and<br />

gaps in functioning of CAW cells; and suggest ways and<br />

means to strengthen the CAW cells for the effective<br />

combating and redressal of domestic violence.<br />

Data collection for the study is in progress.<br />

A Short Study on Colostrum Feeding Practices<br />

in Uttaranchal & Uttar Pradesh<br />

The Regional Centre, Lucknow has undertaken<br />

this study. The main objectives of the study is to evaluate<br />

the colostrums feeding status of new-born babies in the<br />

states of Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh; understand the<br />

various myths and misconceptions associated with<br />

initiation of breastfeeding and colostrum feeding and<br />

reasons for delayed initiation; and apprise the research<br />

findings to the state authority of UP and Uttaranchal so<br />

that necessary strategy for educating mothers to promote<br />

breastfeeding can be undertaken.<br />

Data collection and analysis work has been<br />

completed. <strong>Report</strong> writing is in progress.<br />

Situational Analysis of AWTCs in Bihar and<br />

Jharkhand<br />

This study has been undertaken by the Regional<br />

Centre, Lucknow. The main objectives of the study are to<br />

assess the existing infrastructural and training facilities<br />

available in the AWTCs; identify gaps in the transaction of<br />

training; assess the human resources in terms of their<br />

specialisations, training and experience in the AWTCs; find<br />

out problems and hurdles faced by AWTCs in organisation<br />

of training programmes; and suggest measures to<br />

strengthen the overall functioning of the Centres.<br />

Data collection work from the state of Bihar has<br />

been completed and data analysis work is in progress.<br />

Development of Children and Empowerment<br />

of Women in Madhya Pradesh – Case Profile<br />

of Voluntary Organisations<br />

In the last decade, the state of Madhya Pradesh<br />

has seen considerable expansion of NGO sector to<br />

launch a nationwide mission namely literacy, health,<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

education, empowerment through skill development etc.<br />

Many voluntary organisations have taken the initiative<br />

to adopt new models of development that draw on both<br />

scientific methods and the universal values inherent in<br />

all regions. Such models are able to stimulate human<br />

transformation and build capacity and empowerment of<br />

individuals and communities to cater to the needs of<br />

women and children. These approaches have been found<br />

to be more effective than the historically dominated<br />

strategies of developmental programmes.<br />

Alternative Models for Development has come to<br />

be recognised as an important factor in the success of<br />

development programmes. The significance of alternative<br />

models lies in the fact that the very objectives of these<br />

modules are related to development and empowerment<br />

of women and children. Yet very little information on these<br />

models is available. NGOs, as the voluntary organisations<br />

are usually termed, are strategic players in the growth of<br />

the participatory development model. The strategy<br />

adopted by most NGOs seems to have derived from the<br />

leading thinker Paulo Freire (1972), who considers<br />

education as a weapon by which human beings can<br />

perceive, interpret, criticise and finally transform their own<br />

environment.<br />

The Regional Centre, Indore has undertaken this<br />

study. Detailed design including methodology, sample<br />

has been worked out. Observation points/issues for Case<br />

Study has been framed. Selection of organisations for<br />

coverage under case study is completed.<br />

Time Management by CDPOs – An Empirical<br />

Study in Rajasthan<br />

Time is an important individual resource for proper<br />

utilisation of programme implementation. In the context<br />

of Integrated Child Development Services Programme<br />

(ICDS), management of time implies judicious utilisation<br />

of hours earmarked for delivery of services at the<br />

Anganwadi Centre (AWC). It also refers to allotment of<br />

time for each activity to be undertaken for the day after<br />

the office hours. Although ICDS has generated<br />

tremendous interest among researchers, social workers<br />

and policy makers, most of the studies undertaken have<br />

77


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

largely been associated with impact assessment. Among<br />

various research studies conducted on ICDS, very few<br />

have focused on time inputs of the ICDS functionaries. It<br />

was observed during the visits to ICDS projects that most<br />

of the time CDPOs are unable to utilise the time allotted<br />

to them as per the guidelines for monitoring the delivery<br />

of services at their projects. To improve and achieve some<br />

of these that are integrated in time management, it is felt<br />

that CDPOs may need to manage the time allotted for<br />

monitoring the delivery of services in their areas. The<br />

data collected for the present study would help in<br />

intensive analysis of time by CDPOs and programme<br />

implementers that could feed into training and<br />

management of the programme. The major objectives<br />

of the study are to estimate the utilisation of time by<br />

CDPOs for different activities related to delivery of<br />

services; assess the amount of time spent by CDPOs in<br />

performing their roles and responsibilities; find out how<br />

effectively time management component is integrated in<br />

delivery of services by CDPOs; and suggest strategies<br />

for effective utilisation and management of time.<br />

The study has been taken up by to the Regional<br />

Centre, Indore. Schedules for study are under<br />

preparation.<br />

Effect of Migration on Lives of Women &<br />

Children – An Empirical Study in Chhattisgarh<br />

In Indian context, major migration streams are<br />

inter-state and intra-state wherein people migrate to<br />

industrialised and urban centres for business or<br />

employment opportunities. A different trend of migration<br />

has been observed in the state of Chhattisgarh, which<br />

may be termed as seasonal migration. The major source<br />

of their livelihood at their place of origin is paddy cropping<br />

(June to October). Poor people from different parts of<br />

Chhattisgarh migrate to major urban/industrialised<br />

centres like Raipur, Durg (Bhilai) and Bilaspur during noncropping<br />

season to earn their livelihood and return back<br />

to their homes at the start of the cropping season.<br />

Though, in-migration in Chhattisgarh from other States<br />

is also substantial, but intra-state seasonal migration for<br />

a certain period causes mounting problems to migrant<br />

families, specially women and children.<br />

78<br />

Looking at the varied problems of seasonal<br />

migrants, it was considered appropriate to study the effect<br />

of migration on vulnerable groups of women and children.<br />

In view of this, the Regional Centre, Indore is conducting<br />

a study of Effect of Migration on Children and Women of<br />

Chhattisgarh. The major objectives of the study are to<br />

examine the socio-economic profile of migrants and<br />

analyse causes of their migration; understand the<br />

problems faced by the migrants specially women and<br />

children in their new setting; know the effect of migration<br />

on various aspects of their lives; and suggest measures<br />

to reduce/stop migration as also for improving living<br />

conditions and wellbeing of migrant population specially<br />

women and children of Chhattisgarh.<br />

The research tools for the study are under<br />

preparation.<br />

Analysis of Role Effectiveness of ICDS<br />

Supervisors<br />

A supervisor supports and guides the AWWs and<br />

assists in recording home visits; organising community<br />

meetings and visits of health personnel and providing<br />

on-the-job orientation to Anganwadi Workers in<br />

conducting pre-school activities etc. She has to contact<br />

the community, Anganwadi Workers, with other frontline<br />

workers including gram sevikas, primary school<br />

teachers. The role of the supervisor is to assist CDPO<br />

for disbursing honorarium to AWWs/Helpers, making<br />

alternate arrangement during leave of AWWs/Helpers,<br />

issuing material to AWWs, making arrangements for<br />

storage and distribution of food, medicine, pre-school<br />

material etc. She has to help in collecting MPRs from<br />

AWWs, checking reported figures from records,<br />

compiling reports of all AWs, entering reports in the<br />

diary, taking note of shortfalls/achievements to initiate<br />

corrective measures, maintaining registers and records,<br />

providing help to illiterate AWWs in filling up registers<br />

and records, preparing list of equipment and material<br />

required for preparing list of AWWs/Helpers for training,<br />

maintaining attendance and leave records, fixing dates<br />

for sectoral/project level meetings and organising them.<br />

In view of diverse role being played by supervisors in<br />

ICDS programme a study on Analysis of Role


Effectiveness of ICDS Supervisors has been<br />

undertaken by the Regional Centre, Indore. The<br />

objectives of the study are to analyse the role and job<br />

responsibilities of supervisors in ICDS; analyse role<br />

effectiveness of Supervisors; and enlist constraints<br />

faced by Supervisors in performing the job effectively.<br />

The preliminary information concerning the study<br />

has been collected. Preliminary work for development<br />

of tools for the study is in progress.<br />

State Profiles of Children in India<br />

The Department of Women and Child<br />

Development, Government of India, brought out The<br />

Indian Child - A Profile, 2002 giving a overall and statewise<br />

‘living account’ of the status of children across the<br />

country. This exercise gave an insight into the<br />

achievements in each sector (education, health, nutrition<br />

and social environment) having an impact on child<br />

development. This publication was a compilation of data<br />

to contribute towards the National Database on Children.<br />

However, the information is open to analytical treatment<br />

for policy making and planning the developmental<br />

strategies and initiatives. At the macro-level, there is a<br />

need to work out regional trends from micro-level data<br />

for need-based planning under the policy of decentralised<br />

planning and operationalisation of programmes for child<br />

development.<br />

In view of the above, the Institute undertook an<br />

assignment of preparing a document on “State Profile of<br />

Children in India, <strong>2003</strong>” with a specific focus on regional<br />

trends in each sector and defining micro-level priorities<br />

and policy initiatives for child development. The specific<br />

objectives of preparing this document were to provide<br />

information to policy planners to evolve focused<br />

strategies for child development with reference to regional<br />

priorities and needs; provide appropriate data-support<br />

to micro-level planners and NGOs working in the area of<br />

child development; and strengthen National Database<br />

on Children for use of researchers, NGOs, scholars,<br />

academicians, policy makers, strategy planners and<br />

trainers engaged in the area of child development and<br />

integrated development programmes.<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

The project is in progress. The provisional<br />

population figures are being replaced by the final<br />

population figures for Census, 2001. The district-wise<br />

data on education is also being updated and the districtwise<br />

data on crimes/violence against children is being<br />

processed. The options for data presentation are being<br />

studied.<br />

Datasheet on Violence against Women<br />

The first ever “Datasheet on Violence against<br />

Women” was published by the Department of Women<br />

and Child Development in 1992, focusing on the “Trends<br />

and Magnitude of Crimes against Women, 1987-1991,”<br />

necessitating the development of a new Datasheet<br />

covering the period the last decade (1991-2001) and<br />

working out the trends and analysing finer aspects of<br />

the data to define priority areas needing special attention<br />

of the law and order machinery (State & Central Home<br />

Departments, police personnel in the field, paramilitary<br />

forces on civilian duty), Central and State Departments<br />

for Women’s Welfare and Development, Central and<br />

State Social Welfare Boards and the National and State<br />

Commissions for Women, besides NGOs working for<br />

welfare and rehabilitation of women. The specific<br />

objectives behind developing and printing the Datasheet<br />

are to strengthen the National Database on Women;<br />

disseminate information on violence against women, with<br />

special reference to six major crimes against women to<br />

agencies working for the welfare of women; and to<br />

generate information-based documents within DCWC for<br />

dissemination to academicians, policy planners,<br />

researchers and social workers to meet the current data<br />

needs of those working for welfare and rehabilitation of<br />

women.<br />

Data has been procured and data entry is in<br />

progress.<br />

A Source Book for Voluntary Organisations<br />

The Regional Centre, Lucknow is bringing out a<br />

Source Book for Voluntary Organisations. The objective<br />

of the Source Book is to present specific information to<br />

voluntary organisations on funding, training and<br />

regulations governing them in a brief and simple form.<br />

79


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

Reference materials for preparing the document<br />

have been collected and the chapter scheme of the book<br />

has been finalised.<br />

Pictorial Booklets on Child Rights and Child<br />

Protection<br />

A document titled Pictorial Booklets on Child<br />

Rights and Child Protection is being prepared by the<br />

Regional Centre, Lucknow. The main objectives of the<br />

document are to assist personnel working in institutions/<br />

organisations who are catering to children’s needs and<br />

in carrying forward issues such as child marriage; create<br />

small, easy to use, illustrated booklets on issues<br />

concerning children and the role of these personnel in<br />

creating child-friendly environment.<br />

80<br />

Booklets have been finalised.<br />

Call Trend Analysis of Lucknow Childline<br />

The Regional Centre, Lucknow is conducting this<br />

study with the objectives of studying calls received at<br />

the Childline Call Centre along with action initiated;<br />

finding out concentration in areas from where calls were<br />

received, time taken to reach the site, utilisation of<br />

resources, pattern of coordination with resource<br />

agencies, reference and management of Childline<br />

personnel; and reviewing and improving call<br />

management.<br />

Draft report of the study is ready.<br />

OTHER ON-GOING IMPORTANT PROJECTS<br />

Developing News Clipping in E-Form<br />

The Regional Centre, Lucknow has undertaken this<br />

project with a view to ensure a prolonged shelf life of the<br />

newspaper clippings and also make efforts to facilitate<br />

users in accessing and editing the same. The digitised<br />

data, which saves space, can be stored either on magnetic<br />

media (such as CD-Rom disks) or on computer hard disks.<br />

It is an ongoing project under which scanning of<br />

more than 215 clippings has been completed.<br />

Digital Library<br />

This project is an activity undertaken by the<br />

Regional Centre, Lucknow. This project is related with<br />

Newspaper Clippings. While the former is being<br />

addressed as a separate project, the second item would<br />

be addressed as part of the project. The main purpose<br />

of the Digital library is to archive documents on to<br />

electronic media such as hard disks, magnetic tapes or<br />

CD disks. The information is digitalized by way of typing<br />

the documents or scanning and error-checking for<br />

accuracy.<br />

The job includes browsing the net, data-mining,<br />

downloading and information management. This would<br />

be followed by the process of categorising the<br />

documents, developing keywords and organising the<br />

same for easy access at end-user level.<br />

CHILDLINE<br />

1. ACTIVITIES OF LUCKNOW CHILDLINE<br />

Childline is a national project of the Ministry of<br />

Social Justice and Empowerment and is being<br />

implemented by Childline India Foundation, a national<br />

agency based at Mumbai. Initially it started in Mumbai in<br />

June 1996. Currently Childline is operating in 55 cities.<br />

Childline is a national, 24-hour emergency<br />

outreach service, a free phone Helpline for children in<br />

need of care and protection. The Childline number<br />

1098 is a toll free number that is common in all the<br />

cities of India. It aims to reach out to the most<br />

marginalised children in the age group 0-18 years.<br />

Childline responds to calls for medical assistance,<br />

shelter, protection from abuse, restoration, deathrelated<br />

calls, emotional support and guidance,<br />

information and referral services.<br />

Childline operates through a network of NGOs in<br />

a city, which not only responds to the needs of the child<br />

but also plays a major role in crises intervention, longterm<br />

care and rehabilitation.<br />

Childline was initiated in the<br />

city of Lucknow in February 2001.<br />

The Structure of Childline includes<br />

a Collaborative Organisation, a<br />

Support Organisation and a Nodal<br />

organisation. Initially the


collaborative organisation was Ankur Yuva Chetna Shivir.<br />

Two support organisations were Human Unity Movement<br />

(HUM) and UP Council for Child Welfare. Thereafter,<br />

Regional Centre Lucknow of NIPCCD was associated<br />

in the Childline project as Nodal organisation in October<br />

2001, and formally started operating from December 15,<br />

2001. UP Council for Child Welfare was dropped from<br />

the team of Childline partners in 2002.<br />

Highlights<br />

l The Fifth CAB meeting was held on June 26, <strong>2003</strong><br />

at NIPCCD, Regional Centre Lucknow. It is<br />

organised once in three months.<br />

l 1098 - Connectivity to BSNL mobile service in<br />

Lucknow.<br />

l A presentation on Lucknow Childline was made<br />

for District Magistrates and Chief Development<br />

Officers of seven districts of Lucknow division on<br />

August 6, <strong>2003</strong>.<br />

Director’s Meet<br />

Three meetings of Directors were held in the<br />

period of reporting. Salient issues discussed included<br />

the following:<br />

l Plan of action<br />

l Operational issues at the city level.<br />

COORDINATION MEETS<br />

Team Members Meeting<br />

A total of 25 Team Members Meetings were<br />

organised in period of reporting.<br />

Coordinators & Team Members Meeting<br />

A total of four Coordinators and Team Members<br />

meetings were organised in period of reporting.<br />

In both the meetings discussions centred around<br />

case, case follow-up, liaisoning, Phone support, outreach<br />

activities etc.<br />

Networking<br />

Periodic contact with Resource Organisations for<br />

facilitating work of Childline contacts were made for<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

the easy management, follow up, support and services<br />

(like Hospital) etc.<br />

Training<br />

1. A National Initiative for Child Protection (NICP)<br />

workshop for Civil Defence personnel was<br />

organised on April 9, <strong>2003</strong>. A total of 86<br />

participants attended the workshop. Participants<br />

were Deputy Wardens, Divisional Wardens, Post<br />

wardens, and Volunteers.<br />

2. Child Net workshop was organised on May 25,<br />

<strong>2003</strong> for Childline personnel. A total of 15<br />

participants attended the workshop.<br />

3. Workshop on Finalisation of Pictorial Booklets on<br />

Child Rights and Child Protection was organised<br />

on December 19, <strong>2003</strong>. The workshop was<br />

attended by 21 participants, who were from both<br />

Government and voluntary sector.<br />

2. ACTIVITIES OF GUWAHATI CHILDLINE<br />

Regional Centre, Guwahati is acting as the Nodal<br />

Organisation for CHILDLINE Guwahati with the Regional<br />

Director performing as Nodal Director. Regional Centre<br />

Guwahati is providing necessary guidance and assistance,<br />

monitoring and coordinating with other concerned agencies<br />

for delivering services to children in distress. Besides the<br />

regular activities, Regional Centre, Guwahati celebrated the<br />

Third Foundation Day of Guwahati CHILDLINE on 10th<br />

February, <strong>2004</strong> with a day long programme, which included<br />

awareness campaign by children, interaction with<br />

beneficiary children, cultural programmes by children in the<br />

presence of senior government officials, social workers,<br />

functionaries and common people.<br />

Case Statistics Lucknow Childline from April<br />

03 to March 04<br />

Type of Calls Number<br />

Intervention 410<br />

Missing Child 320<br />

Emotional support and Guidance 162<br />

Unclassified 65<br />

Information 4421<br />

Others 42124<br />

Total 47502<br />

81


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

FACILITATING CENTRE FOR VOLUNTARY<br />

ORGANISATIONS<br />

A Facilitating Centre for Voluntary Organisations<br />

of the region has also been started at Regional Centre,<br />

Guwahati during the year. The Centre extends<br />

consultations, guidance and assistance to the voluntary<br />

organisations on planning and formulating programmes<br />

for women and children, acquaint the organisations about<br />

sources of finance and help in applying for funds and<br />

also provides tips for management of the voluntary<br />

organisations.<br />

FIELD DEMONSTRATION SERVICES<br />

CHILD CARE CENTRE<br />

Thirty-five children in the age group of 2½ to 5<br />

years were enrolled in Child Care Centre (CCC) in the<br />

new session beginning from April <strong>2003</strong>. The Centre<br />

caters to the children of neighbouring localities like<br />

Shahpur Jat, Hauz Khas Police Colony and NIPCCD<br />

Campus. Considering the fact that young children can<br />

actively participate in the pre-school programme for few<br />

hours only, the duration of the centre is three hours, from<br />

9.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.<br />

The CCC aims at the holistic development of the<br />

child. It follows play-way methodology to provide a<br />

stimulating environment for intellectual, language, social,<br />

emotional and physical development of the child. The<br />

ECE programme is planned taking into account the<br />

developmental level and needs of the children. The<br />

programmes at CCC reflect a balance between individual<br />

and group activities, free play and guided activities, active<br />

82<br />

play and quiet play, indoor and outdoor activities and<br />

activities to foster all aspects of development. Themebased<br />

approach was followed to impart pre-school<br />

education during the year.<br />

To provide a variety of experiences to children,<br />

the Centre undertakes activities like free and structured<br />

conversation, rhymes and songs, story telling and story<br />

making, music and movement, dramatisation, indoor play<br />

activities with blocks, beads, puzzles etc. doll play, puppet<br />

play, clay modelling, outdoor games and activities like<br />

running, jumping, hopping, balancing, sand play, water<br />

play, gardening and nature walk etc.<br />

Various festivals and National Days like Raksha<br />

Bandhan, Janmashtami, Holi, Diwali, Christmas,<br />

Universal Children’s Day, Independence Day and<br />

Republic Day were celebrated in the Centre with active<br />

participation of children and their mothers. Magic show<br />

and various cultural activities were organised to celebrate<br />

Universal Children’s Day (14 November <strong>2003</strong>). On this<br />

occasion, Fancy Dress, Racing, Drawing and Painting<br />

Competitions were organised for children. A competition<br />

of ‘Nutritious Recipes for Pre-schoolers’ was organised<br />

for mothers.<br />

The CCC was utilised as a placement agency to<br />

give practical training to functionaries attending child care<br />

and development programmes at the Institute and students<br />

of various courses dealing with child development. Field<br />

Placement of students of Home Science from Jodhpur<br />

Children are involved in creative activities at Child Care Centre.


University was done during the year. In addition, students<br />

from Manav Bharati and Bal Bharati Nursery Teachers<br />

Training Institutes, New Delhi; trainees from North Delhi<br />

Polytechnic for Women, New Delhi; students of Home<br />

Science College from Hissar University; students of Social<br />

Work from Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi; lecturers from<br />

SCERT, Delhi; and doctors undergoing Post Graduate<br />

Diploma in Maternal and Child Health (PGDMCH) from<br />

Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi visited CCC to observe<br />

its activities. A Family Study of Children attending the<br />

Centre was also done by these Doctors. Smt. Kasturi<br />

Gupta Menon, Secretary, Department of Women and Child<br />

Development, Government of India also visited the Centre.<br />

During the year, nine meetings of Mahila Mandal<br />

were organised to discuss matters related to programmes<br />

and activities of the Centre as also to impart health and<br />

nutrition education to beneficiary mothers.<br />

CHILD GUIDANCE CENTRE (CGC): HEADQUARTERS<br />

The Child Guidance Centre provides diagnostic,<br />

therapeutic and referral services to children up to 14 years<br />

of age with developmental, learning and behavioural<br />

problems including childhood disabilities. The centre<br />

functions on a part time basis (15 hours a week) and<br />

extends its services through a multidisciplinary team<br />

comprising social worker, psychiatrist, child development<br />

worker, clinical psychologist and speech therapist.<br />

In the year <strong>2003</strong> to <strong>2004</strong>, 131 new cases were<br />

registered. The dominant problems that were diagnosed<br />

were Learning Disability; Attention Deficit Hyperactive<br />

Disorders; Childhood Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome;<br />

Minimal Brain Damage; Developmental Delays; Mental<br />

Retardation and Borderline Intelligence; and Speech and<br />

Language problems. The profile of these children<br />

revealed that their distribution across early childhood,<br />

middle childhood and adolescence was 38 percent,<br />

44 percent and 23 percent respectively. Moreover<br />

77 percent of clinic attendants were boys as against<br />

22 percent of girls.<br />

The Centre not only provides assessment and<br />

guidance services but also offers a range of therapeutic<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

and follow-up services. Since a large proportion of children<br />

come during the early developmental years (upto 6 years),<br />

the Centre has devised a special assessment premise for<br />

these children that includes baseline assessments,<br />

stimulation programme, monitoring and reassessment for<br />

appropriate diagnosis. Thus, children in this age group<br />

invariably receive follow-up services that include home<br />

training programme and parental counselling. Children<br />

with learning disability represent another major proportion<br />

of clients of the centre, for whom supportive services are<br />

not readily available in the city. The Centre bridges the<br />

gap by networking with schools and professionals;<br />

extending itself to train lay tutors, teachers and other<br />

paraprofessionals to handle the individualised educational<br />

programme developed for the child. The other follow-up<br />

services comprise speech therapy and auditory training,<br />

medicinal intervention, parental counselling, home training<br />

programme and child counselling/play therapy.<br />

Approximately 43 percent of the new registrants availed<br />

follow-up services at the centre for a period of 3 to 6<br />

months. Another 50 children registered during the earlier<br />

years also continued for follow-up services.<br />

The Centre has wide recognition among<br />

professionals, schools, special schools and hospitals.<br />

Though schools are primary source of referrals, yet the<br />

Centre also enjoys the privilege of getting referrals from<br />

specialised institutions such as AIIMS, Kalawati Saran<br />

Hospital etc.<br />

The clinical experience gained at micro level are<br />

continuously integrated to address macro issues related<br />

to child mental health. The project, Upscaling Child<br />

Guidance Services, was evolved during the year to<br />

address macro issues related to advocacy, promotion,<br />

developing manpower and protocols of assessment and<br />

therapy related to Child Guidance and Counselling.<br />

Project: Developing and Finalising the Curriculum for<br />

Advanced Diploma on Child Guidance and<br />

Counselling<br />

In view of lack of availability of trained manpower<br />

(mental health professionals) to work in the area of Child<br />

Guidance and Counselling, the Institute planned to<br />

83


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

develop an Advanced Diploma on Child Guidance and<br />

Counselling.<br />

Following activities were undertaken to evolve the<br />

curriculum of the proposed programme:<br />

l A conceptual framework and Draft curriculum of<br />

Advanced Diploma was developed on the basis<br />

of recommendations of the Market Survey.<br />

l The Draft curriculum was sent for peer review to<br />

30 institutions and mental health professionals.<br />

The responses were qualitatively analysed with<br />

respect to strengths and limitations of the<br />

curriculum and suggestions for improvement.<br />

l A core group was constituted to finalise and firm<br />

up the curriculum. A Workshop for Finalising the<br />

Operational Details of Advanced Diploma was<br />

organised from 19-21 May <strong>2003</strong> at Surajkund,<br />

Faridabad. The participants of the workshop were<br />

members of the core group (six) and the concerned<br />

faculty from NIPCCD. The specific objec-tives of<br />

the Workshop were to finalise the content and<br />

structure of Advanced Diploma and to evolve<br />

operational details related to launching of the<br />

Diploma. The curriculum was critically analysed<br />

keeping in view the findings of the Market Survey<br />

and peer review of the draft curriculum.<br />

l The outcome of the Workshop was modification<br />

of the curriculum with respect to the (i) Vision (ii)<br />

Perspective (iii) Objectives (iv) Eligibility and<br />

Selection Criteria (v) Structure, Sequence and<br />

Calendar of the Programme and (vi) Evaluation.<br />

The organisational details related to strategies of<br />

organising field work and supervision for the same<br />

were discussed at length. Practical fieldwork<br />

training, centralised clinical supervision and<br />

individual mentorship were agreed upon to be<br />

raison de tre to the training of functionaries of the<br />

training programme.<br />

l The revised programme was sent to National<br />

Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences,<br />

Bangalore for review and concurrence for<br />

84<br />

transaction of the programme on pilot basis. The<br />

programme was endorsed by NIMHANS.<br />

CHILD GUIDANCE CENTRE: BANGALORE<br />

The Regional Centre, Bangalore started Child<br />

Guidance Centre this year with the objectives of<br />

providing services - preventive and promotive, to<br />

children of the catchment area including identification,<br />

intervention (assessment, diagnostic, therapeutic) and<br />

follow-up services; providing liaison service with other<br />

professional centre, both by referring cases to them for<br />

advanced professional help (assessment and<br />

therapeutic intervention) as also following up of cases<br />

referred by them; acting as a demonstration centre for<br />

the placement of trainees of NIPCCD, as also for the<br />

field work training of students of social work, psychology,<br />

and home science.<br />

The existence of Child Guidance Services in the<br />

vicinity would facilitate the Anganwadi Workers, teachers<br />

and parents to seek professional help for the problems<br />

Above Hon'ble Minister of State, HRD Smt. Jaskaur Meena at the<br />

inaugural function of Child Guidance Centre, Bangalore.


of the children in the initial stage itself. CGC has started<br />

with the mission of building mental health network<br />

through bio-psychosocial scholastic intervention for<br />

holistic development of children within the radius of 10<br />

km of Yelahanka New Town of Bangalore city. The CGC<br />

was inaugurated by Smt. Jaskaur Meena, Honourable<br />

Minister of State for Human Resource Development,<br />

Government of India on 11th September, <strong>2003</strong>.<br />

Children are made to participate in any of the numerous<br />

activities at Child Care Centre.<br />

CLIENTELE<br />

Catchments: villages in and around Yelahanka<br />

Satellite Town (approximately 50 villages within the<br />

radius of 10 km)<br />

Children up to 14 years of age group, with specific<br />

intervention for 0-6 years age group from the pre-school<br />

centres, childcare centres, schools, NGOs, are part of<br />

this activity.<br />

Methodology of working<br />

Through awareness camps, people are able to<br />

identify the children having behavioural problems, who<br />

need professional help. These children who are brought<br />

to CGC are screened for initial diagnosis and depending<br />

on the nature of the problem, are given therapeutic<br />

services, which include psychosocial treatment both to<br />

the child with problems and his network (like schools,<br />

peer group, family etc). Discussions are held with school<br />

authorities to identify and refer cases to CGC. Many a<br />

times, children with severe psychiatric problem may need<br />

admission for continuous and advance treatment. Under<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

such circumstances, it will refer these cases to other<br />

professional institutions wherever these services are<br />

available. In some instances children who are already<br />

treated but only to be followed up to avoid relapse or to<br />

ensure regularity in completion of the required duration<br />

of treatment, CGC can provide these follow-up services.<br />

The CGC also collaborates with other agencies for<br />

specialised services. Some of these agencies are<br />

NIMHANS, Institute of Speech and Hearing, Spastics<br />

Society of Karnataka, and Bangalore Children’s Hospital.<br />

Since the inception, CGC has trained volunteers<br />

of People’s Trust, a collaborating NGO. The training was<br />

attended by a total of 74 volunteers. Training of about 64<br />

Anganwadi workers for four circles of ICDS Yelahanka<br />

has been completed. Schools in and around Yelahanka<br />

New Town were visited and briefed about the CGC. A<br />

training programme for the school teachers at<br />

Sheshadripuram School has been completed which was<br />

attended by 48 teachers. So far, 144 children with their<br />

parents have availed of CGC services. Majority of<br />

children referred to the Centre are for learning disabilities<br />

or behavioural problems and mental retardation. The<br />

other problems observed are that of malnutrition, speech<br />

defect, hyperactivity, depression and phobia.<br />

CHILD GUIDANCE CENTRE: GUWAHATI<br />

Regional Centre, Guwahati commissioned its<br />

Child Guidance Centre during the year <strong>2003</strong>. Equipped<br />

with all modern amenities and manned by qualified<br />

Psychologist, Special Educator, Social Worker, Speech<br />

Therapist this Child Guidance Centre is regularly serving<br />

children with behavioural problems from Guwahati. A<br />

good number of cases of such children are now regularly<br />

being referred to CGC of Regional Centre, Guwahati by<br />

Psychiatrists and other physicians.<br />

CHILD GUIDANCE CENTRE: LUCKNOW<br />

Many children are born into warm and loving<br />

homes that contribute to their growth and development.<br />

However, as they progress towards adulthood they<br />

encounter difficulties at various fronts including family,<br />

neighbourhood, schools, peer groups and society at<br />

85


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

large. These difficulties may reflect in the form of anxiety,<br />

aggression, difficulty in the form of fear of school, fear of<br />

examinations, lack of confidence, lack of attention,<br />

inferiority complex, and other behaviour, like stealing,<br />

truancy, disobedience etc. To overcome their difficulties<br />

these children often need professional guidance and<br />

counselling, which is available at Child Guidance Centre.<br />

Child Guidance Centre (CGC) was set up at Regional<br />

Centre, Lucknow in February <strong>2003</strong> with the objectives of<br />

identifying children (between 6 to 14 years) having<br />

difficulties; providing professional assessment services<br />

for children with difficulties; providing guidance and<br />

counselling services to children and parents; and referring<br />

children to institutions for specialised services and help.<br />

86<br />

The Centre provides services viz<br />

q Educational Assessment;<br />

q Remedial Education;<br />

q I.Q. and other psychological assessments;<br />

q Medicinal intervention;<br />

q Counselling and Guidance to children and<br />

parents;<br />

q Play observations and therapy; and<br />

q Referral services<br />

The services of CGC are provided through four<br />

professionals viz. Psychiatrist, Special Educators,<br />

Psychologist, and Social Worker.<br />

One playroom has been developed for developing<br />

rapport with child and use the facility of play therapy<br />

includes various play materials such as musical toys,<br />

push toys, balls construction books, puzzles board game,<br />

card games dolls, doll house, wheel toys, educational<br />

games, crayons, water colours, furniture as per height<br />

of children, white marker board, chalk board, pin up<br />

board, charts, poster and outdoor play materials/<br />

equipments includes badminton set, bat ball etc. The<br />

playroom has also observation cabin, which includes oneway<br />

observation screen. In addition a mini park adjoining<br />

to CGC has been developed for out door play.<br />

The Centre has built linkages with 25 educational<br />

schools in and around 10 km area of the Institute and<br />

referral/resource centres to promote child mental health.<br />

As part of advocacy of CGC following activities<br />

were organised:<br />

l Three orientation courses for school teachers on<br />

Learning and Behavioural Problems of children<br />

within km radius of the Centre in which a total of<br />

60 school teachers participated.<br />

l Organised CGC stall at Lucknow Public School<br />

in order to educate parents about services of Child<br />

Guidance Centre.<br />

l A similar stall was also set up at “Lucknow<br />

Mahotsaw and Consumerex Trade Fair” to bring<br />

awareness among visitors.<br />

l Created awareness among doctors of<br />

Governmental and non-government organisations<br />

on services of CGC.<br />

l Conducted three meetings with school teachers<br />

and principals at their schools on services of Child<br />

Guidance Centre and referral of children with<br />

learning and behavioural problems to CGC.<br />

l Developed handbills of CGC for advocacy.<br />

There is plan to provide once-a-week extension<br />

services of CGC at St. Fidelis College which has 1500<br />

pupils as the principal of the college had voluntarily<br />

offered a plan at his school for assessment and<br />

intervention services of children.<br />

A total of 126 cases were registered for<br />

assessment and interventional services at CGC during<br />

the year.<br />

ADOLESCENT GUIDANCE SERVICE CENTRE<br />

A significant aspect of adolescence is related to<br />

psychological development, which coincides with<br />

physical development resulting in behavioural changes<br />

among adolescents, which are substantially influenced<br />

by their respective socio-cultural milieu. Since


adolescents do not have proper understanding of these<br />

changes, they start distancing themselves and the rapid<br />

pace with which these changes take place generate a<br />

number of problems and special needs which<br />

adolescents find difficult to understand on their own.<br />

Many a times adolescents are so vulnerable to peer<br />

pressure that they feel pushed into courses of action<br />

without having a chance to fully think of the<br />

consequences resulting in teenage crimes, drug abuse,<br />

suicide, sexual deviancy etc.<br />

The problems of adolescents are compounded<br />

and complicated further by families and schools where<br />

unrealistic goals are set for adolescents. The educational<br />

institutions, which accommodate a large number of<br />

adolescent population have dearth of specific services<br />

like Family Life Education, Life Skills Education,<br />

Adolescent Guidance Services etc.<br />

Since the Institute is working for the promotion of<br />

Child and Adolescent Development specifically in the area<br />

of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Family Life<br />

Education, and already has Child Guidance Clinic in place<br />

providing services for children upto 14 years of age, it was<br />

decided that services would be extended to school-going<br />

adolescents in the age group 14-19 years by setting up<br />

an Adolescent Guidance Service Centre at the premises<br />

of the Institute. Thus the AGSCs was established in <strong>2003</strong><br />

with the specific objective of providing counselling and<br />

psycho-social care for adolescents through a comprehensive<br />

adolescent guidance programme.<br />

The Adolescent Guidance Service Centre<br />

provides assessment, diagnostic, therapeutic and referral<br />

services to adolescents (14-19 years of age group) with<br />

physical and mental health problems. The centre<br />

functions on part time basis (Tuesdays and Thursdays<br />

between 2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.). To cater the needs and<br />

problems of adolescents the Centre has a multidisciplinary<br />

team comprising, a psychiatrist, a physician,<br />

a psychologist, a social worker and a nutritionist.<br />

During the year, 45 cases were registered from<br />

various Government school of South-West Delhi. After<br />

the psychological assessment at AGSC the following<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

major problems were assessed: Lack of concentration,<br />

Sibling jealousy, Lack of interest in studies, Anxiety, Poor<br />

performance in school, Aggression, Low motivation &<br />

decision making and Adjustment problems.<br />

According to the problems diagnosed, the<br />

therapies were administered upon the adolescents.<br />

Relaxation therapies and study skill training were given<br />

as home assignment. Parental and family counselling,<br />

is the main strategy to enable parents to become active<br />

parenthesis the treatment of problem.<br />

The centre has started getting recognition from<br />

professionals, schools and from local people. Although<br />

the centre is getting its clientele from schools, yet few<br />

cases have come by their own i.e. self-referral.<br />

EXTENSION OF COUNSELLING SERVICES FOR<br />

TRAFFICKED CHILDREN<br />

Child sexual abuse through trafficking remains a<br />

significant problem for children of our country as not much<br />

attention has been paid to this area. Child sexual abuse is<br />

defined as sexual involvement imposed upon a child by an<br />

adult who has greater power, knowledge and resources.<br />

As children do not have adequate knowledge or the authority<br />

to make the decision about any sexual contact with them,<br />

they are liable to victimisation. The effects of sexual<br />

exploitation of children are profound and sometimes<br />

permanent. Some of the symptoms of sexual abuse include<br />

fear and anxiety, frequent psychosomatic illnesses, overaggressiveness<br />

or withdrawal, sleep problems/nightmares,<br />

suicide attempts, extreme fear of adults, sudden phobic<br />

behaviour, fire setting, self mutilation, eating disorders etc.<br />

The consequences of child sexual abuse can cause<br />

serious psychological symptoms and psychiatric disorders<br />

during adulthood. Therefore, it is important to address this<br />

problem more intensively to minimise the damages.<br />

Counselling services are required for trafficked<br />

children as many children are being exploited and sent<br />

to brothels for sex and pornography. Though protective<br />

and shelter homes have been established by the<br />

Government and non-governmental organisations for<br />

tackling problems of child prostitution, the services do<br />

87


Research/Evaluation Studies and Other Projects<br />

not provide professional guidance and counselling for<br />

trafficked children due to poorly trained staff. Only<br />

specialised counselling services would be effective in<br />

rehabilitating and reintegrating the exploited children into<br />

the society.<br />

Since the Institute is working for the promotion<br />

of child and adolescent development specifically in the<br />

area of child and adolescent mental health and family<br />

88<br />

life education, with child guidance clinic in place, it was<br />

felt that the services could be extended to trafficked<br />

children by way of developing a module and training of<br />

counsellors working in the area of child sexual abuse.<br />

During the year, an Advisory Committee was<br />

constituted. An attempt to map existing counselling<br />

services for trafficked children was also undertaken<br />

during the year.


five<br />

Documentation and<br />

Publications


Documentation<br />

and Publication<br />

Documentation Centre on Women &<br />

Children (DCWC)<br />

The Institute’s Documentation Centre on Women<br />

and Children (DCWC), a computerised Information<br />

Centre, is engaged in identification, collection and<br />

documentation of information on various subjects related<br />

to children and women. Its computerised database holds<br />

a rich indexed collection of documents, both published<br />

and unpublished. It provides a comprehensive<br />

perspective about the status, needs and welfare/<br />

development programmes of children and women.<br />

The following activities were undertaken by<br />

DCWC in the areas of documentation and dissemination<br />

of information during <strong>2003</strong>-04.<br />

Collection, Documentation and<br />

Dissemination of Information<br />

DCWC offered various services i.e. reference,<br />

photocopying, inter-library loan, issue of books and<br />

periodicals, e-mails of reading lists, etc. to the faculty of the<br />

Institute, and scholars from academic and professional<br />

institutions in India. More than 3,000 readers, including 1400<br />

outside users, availed these services. Research Scholars,<br />

students, participants of various training courses, faculty,<br />

functionaries of Government/voluntary organisations/<br />

autonomous organisations and academicians consulted the<br />

resources of DCWC during the year.<br />

A view of Documentation Centre on Women & Children (DCWC)<br />

90<br />

In <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, DCWC collected about 700<br />

unpublished and published documents, added 187 books<br />

to the library and subscribed to 123 journals/magazines<br />

and 25 newspapers. DCWC brought out DCWC<br />

Newsclip on a monthly basis, DCWC Research Bulletin<br />

with abstracts of research studies and Current<br />

Awareness Service on a quarterly basis.<br />

DCWC continued to be a member of Development<br />

Libraries Network (DELNET), American Information<br />

Resource Centre and British Council Division Library.<br />

Internet facilities are available in DCWC since October<br />

1999. A <strong>Report</strong> was prepared and submitted to the<br />

Department of Women and Child Development (DWCD)<br />

regarding setting up DCWC as a “Centre of Excellence”.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, DCWC worked on the<br />

following projects.<br />

PROGRAMMES OF DEPARTMENT OF WOMEN<br />

AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT, GOVERNMENT OF<br />

INDIA: INDIA AND STATES/UTS<br />

This set of 36 booklets on India and each State/<br />

Union Territory was prepared in DCWC, and released<br />

by the-then Hon’ble Minister of Human Resource<br />

Development, Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi on the occasion<br />

of Children’s Day on 14 November <strong>2003</strong>. It gives district<br />

wise, funds released and the beneficiaries covered under<br />

various programmes of the Department of Women and<br />

Child Development, Government of India, for the years<br />

2001-02 and 2002-03. Each booklet covers one State/<br />

Union Territory, and collated figures on entire India are<br />

covered in one booklet. Information is given in each<br />

booklet district wise about the voluntary oganisations<br />

funded under 20 programmes/schemes of the<br />

Government of India.<br />

SCHEMES IN GOVERNMENT OF INDIA FOR<br />

DEVELOPMENT AND WELFARE OF CHILDREN<br />

This document was prepared for DCWC, and<br />

released by the Hon’ble Minister of Human Resource<br />

Development, Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi, on Universal<br />

Children’s Day, 14 November <strong>2003</strong>. It gives details of


schemes for children being implemented by various<br />

Ministries /Departments of Government of India. The<br />

description of each scheme comprises, target group,<br />

contents of services, funding eligibility criteria etc.<br />

FACTSHEET ON WOMEN<br />

This project had been undertaken to depict the<br />

situation of women in different States/Union Territories<br />

of India. It gives information on measures to improve<br />

the situation of women undertaken by the Government,<br />

and statistics on various indicators related to women,<br />

namely health, nutrition, education, employment and<br />

support measures for working women, crime against<br />

women and children, participation of women, etc. The<br />

document is being compiled.<br />

DATASHEET ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN<br />

A Datasheet on Violence against Women is under<br />

preparation in order to strengthen the National Database<br />

on Women; disseminate information on violence against<br />

women, with special reference to six major crimes against<br />

women to agencies working for the welfare of women;<br />

and generate information-based documents within<br />

DCWC for dissemination. Data has been procured and<br />

data entry is in progress.<br />

NATIONAL CHARTER ON CHILDREN<br />

DCWC compiled statistics depicting the<br />

performance of various programmes of the Government<br />

undertaken towards implementing the National Charter<br />

for Children. It listed the legislation, policies and<br />

programmes under various articles of the Charter, and<br />

the beneficiaries covered during <strong>2003</strong>. The current<br />

situation of children, as depicted in the achievements of<br />

the Charter, was prepared for the UN meeting on children<br />

at New York.<br />

STATE PROFILES OF CHILDREN IN INDIA<br />

The Department of Women and Child<br />

Development, Government of India, brought out The Indian<br />

Child - A Profile, 2002 giving a ‘living account’ of the status<br />

of children across the country and at the state-level. This<br />

exercise gave us an insight into the achievements in each<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

sector (education, health, nutrition and social environment)<br />

having an impact on child development. This publication<br />

was a compilation of data to contribute towards the National<br />

Database on Children. However, the information is open<br />

to analytical treatment for policy making and planning the<br />

developmental strategies and initiatives. At the macrolevel,<br />

there is a need to work out regional trends from<br />

micro-level data for need-based planning under the policy<br />

of decentralised planning and operationalisation of<br />

programmes for child development.<br />

The project is in progress. The provisional<br />

population figures are being replaced by the final<br />

population figures for Census, 2001. The district-wise<br />

data on education is also being updated and the districtwise<br />

data on crimes/violence against children is being<br />

processed. The options for data presentation are being<br />

studied.<br />

STRENGTHENING DOCUMENTATION CENTRE ON<br />

WOMEN AND CHILDREN<br />

The Institute is in the process of strengthening<br />

DCWC. Under this project, both infrastructural facilities,<br />

hardware and software is being upgraded. Attempt is<br />

under way to convert documents into UNIMARC format<br />

and make it more interactive for retrieval by users as per<br />

key words identified.<br />

CREATION OF WEB-BASED DOCUMENTS<br />

The document The Indian Child: A Profile which<br />

was prepared collaboratively by DCWC, NIPCCD and<br />

Department of Women and Child Development has<br />

statistics on many indicators related to children. This<br />

document has been uploaded on the Website<br />

(www.wcd.nic.in) of Department of Women and Child<br />

Development.<br />

About 200 research reports and other documents<br />

of the Department of Women and Child Development<br />

were scanned by National Informatics Centre (NIC) for<br />

uploading on DWCD website. These documents were<br />

checked for quality in DCWC and NRCW, and close<br />

collaboration with NlC on the issue is maintained.<br />

91


Documentation and Publication<br />

Biographies of about 50 Eminent Indian Women<br />

were prepared in electronic format, towards setting up a<br />

Database on Eminent Women. Photographs of these<br />

Eminent Women are being collected and scanned, and<br />

the content prepared so that they can be uploaded on<br />

the website.<br />

In keeping with International Standards, documents<br />

are being assigned keywords according to Women’s<br />

Thesaurus and Library of Congress Subject Headings,<br />

and classified according to Dewey Decimal Classification<br />

Edition 21, in addition to the local classification scheme,<br />

and uncontrolled keywords that are being used to facilitate<br />

retrieval according to users needs.<br />

FEEDBACK FROM USERS OF DWCD<br />

q NIPCCD Library is well stocked and staff<br />

extremely helpful - Monica Das, Delhi.<br />

q This is the most appropriate place to get material<br />

for child development research work. Thanks for<br />

the helpful attitude of the staff. Keep it up -<br />

Ranjana Sharma, Hissar (Haryana).<br />

q I am very thankful to everyone for their<br />

cooperation. Everyone was very helpful and<br />

supportive. This library has good books and<br />

journals and I think it is the best library for person<br />

who is working in Child and Adolescent Area.<br />

Keep up the good work – Vasudha Goyal,<br />

Chandigarh.<br />

q A good collection of social issues and general<br />

problems of society in NIPCCD Library. I found<br />

valuable information here – Nethralal Singh, Delhi.<br />

q I found this library very very informative and got lots<br />

of matter on the things of my interest. The staff<br />

members were really very cooperative, nice and very<br />

helping – Geetanjali Sharma, Ludhiana (Punjab).<br />

Publications<br />

During the year, the Institute brought out publications<br />

comprising reports of research studies and<br />

training programmes undertaken by it, syllabi/compendia<br />

92<br />

and other training material prepared for regular training<br />

programmes and training of ICDS functionaries. A list of<br />

publications brought out during the year, excluding the<br />

compendia and the mimeographs, is given below.<br />

1. Scholastic Backwardness: Analysis of Children<br />

Coming to Child Guidance Centre<br />

2. Standing at the Cross Road: A Situational<br />

Analysis of Indian Women<br />

3. Gender Training Module on Women’s<br />

Empowerment<br />

4. Compendium of Activities of the Women’s<br />

Empowerment Year 2002 (Hindi & <strong>English</strong>)<br />

5. State Level Seminar on Role of Voluntary<br />

Organisations in Development of Maharashtra<br />

6. Perspective on Voluntary Action<br />

7. DCWC Research Bulletin<br />

8. National Assessment on Transfer of Technology<br />

in Off-Farm Areas<br />

9. National Seminar on Impact of Insurgency on<br />

Women and Children in North-East Region – A<br />

<strong>Report</strong><br />

10. Multi Country Study on Infant and Young Child<br />

Feeding: <strong>Report</strong> on Practices, Policies and<br />

Programmes<br />

11. Rashtriya Bal Sanskar Sangam – A <strong>Report</strong><br />

12. Training Update (Bilingual - Hindi/<strong>English</strong>)<br />

13. Evaluation of Vanitha Sahaya<br />

Vani – A <strong>Report</strong><br />

14. Syllabus for Induction Training<br />

of Anganwadi Workers<br />

15. Syllabus for Job Training of<br />

Anganwadi Workers<br />

16. Syllabus for Orientation<br />

Training of Helpers


17. Training, Planning and Designing of Project<br />

Proposal – Brochure<br />

18. Schemes of Government of India for Development<br />

and Welfare of Children in <strong>English</strong> (set of 36<br />

booklets)<br />

19. cky fodkl ,oa dY;k.k ds fy, Hkkjr ljdkj dh<br />

;kstuk,W (36 iqfLrdkvksa dk lsV)<br />

20. Course on Training Methodology Course<br />

Evaluation - A <strong>Report</strong><br />

21. Training Programmes on Trafficking of Women<br />

and Children for Government Officials and<br />

Representatives of NGOs<br />

22. foifRrxzLr efgykvksa gsrq ijke'kZ rduhdh ,oe~ lgk;d<br />

lsokvksa ij vuqf'k{k.k dk;ZØe<br />

23. jktLFkku esa LoSfPNd laxBuksa dh {kerk fuekZ.k ij<br />

ftyk Lrjh; dk;Z'kkyk] lokbZ ek/ksiqj<br />

24. NIPCCD – An Introduction<br />

25. fuiflM &,d ifjp;<br />

26. <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong> 2002-<strong>2003</strong> (<strong>English</strong>)<br />

27. <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong> 2002-<strong>2003</strong> (Hindi)<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

28. Calendar of Training Programmes <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

(<strong>English</strong>)<br />

29. Calendar of Training Programmes <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

(Hindi)<br />

SWASHAKTI PUBLICATIONS<br />

30. Emerging Issues and Trends in SHG Networking<br />

31. Illustrative Module on Appropriate Technologies<br />

for Drudgery Reduction of Women<br />

32. Lo'kfDr xzke iqLrdky; ifj;kstuk&ekxZn'khZ iqfLrdk<br />

33. Lo'kfDr xzke iqLrdky; ifj;kstuk&ekxZn'khZ iqfLrdk<br />

(Lo'kfDr xzke iqLrdky; ij ,d czkW'kj)<br />

34. Empowered Women, Empowered Society<br />

(Compendium of Activities of Women’s<br />

Empowerment Year 2001)<br />

93


Documentation and Publication<br />

94


six Sponsored Programmes


Sponsored<br />

Programmes<br />

Since 1975, the Institute has been receiving<br />

assistance from United Nations Children’s Fund<br />

(UNICEF) under Plan of Operations signed between<br />

Government of India and UNICEF for various projects/<br />

programmes to build up its capabilities in the field of<br />

training, research, monitoring, storage and retrieval of<br />

information, women’s development etc. The Institute has<br />

also been receiving assistance from the World Bank<br />

through the Department of Women and Child<br />

Development since 1998-99 for training of functionaries<br />

of World Bank-assisted ICDS Project.<br />

The details of assistance received by the Institute<br />

from various international and other agencies during<br />

2002-<strong>2003</strong> are given in following paragraphs.<br />

UDISHA Project<br />

The World Bank has provided credit to India for<br />

implementation of the Women and Child Development<br />

Project during 1999-<strong>2004</strong>. The objective of the Project<br />

is to improve nutrition and health of pre-school children<br />

and women by increasing the quality, impact, services<br />

and cost effectiveness of the Integrated Child<br />

Development Services (ICDS) programme in selected<br />

States. In addition, the national training component of<br />

the Project, called Udisha, aims at strengthening of ICDS<br />

programme through improved quality of training at all<br />

levels.<br />

NIPCCD being the apex institution for training of<br />

ICDS functionaries has been assigned the task of training<br />

of trainers, supervision of academic aspects of training<br />

and providing technical inputs to the Department of<br />

Women and Child Development, Government of India.<br />

During the year, the Institute organised Job<br />

Training of Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs),<br />

Orientation Training of Trainers of MLTCs/AWTCs,<br />

Orientation Courses for Instructors of AWTCs etc.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of<br />

Rs. 12.94 lakh was incurred under the Project and activities<br />

undertaken reported in the Chapter Two of the <strong>Report</strong>.<br />

96<br />

Swashakti and Swayamsiddha<br />

The Institute was identified as the Lead Training<br />

Agency for Swashakti project by the Department of<br />

Women and Child Development, Government of India in<br />

1996. Since then it has been functioning as the training<br />

and material developing arm of the project and continued<br />

to do so during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong> also. This involved carrying<br />

out of multifarious tasks related to the Project. This Lead<br />

Training Agency also provided support for the newly<br />

launched women empowerment programme called<br />

Swayamsiddha.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of<br />

Rs. 49.58 lakh was incurred under the Project and tasks<br />

completed are described in the Chapter Three of the<br />

<strong>Report</strong>.<br />

Capacity Building of ICDS Manpower in<br />

Nutrition and Health Education and<br />

Monitoring and <strong>Report</strong>ing<br />

The institutional training provided to the ICDS<br />

functionaries at the time of recruitment is of basic nature.<br />

During the institutional training, the exposure of the<br />

trainees to the field situation is limited. This affects their<br />

ability to apply the knowledge gained to the practical<br />

implications of actual field situation. Also, during this<br />

training, they get only a limited experience of conducting<br />

the household survey, techniques of community<br />

education for increasing the coverage of beneficiaries,<br />

linking the advantages of supplementary nutrition with<br />

better nutrition and health status and on monitoring the<br />

uptake of food commodity and measuring its impact.<br />

Hence, the effectiveness of these functionaries in the<br />

field is compromised. To improve the ICDS programme<br />

implementation, it is imperative that the institutional<br />

training is followed up with recurrent training. Amongst<br />

the various skills required by the ICDS functionaries, the<br />

two most important skills are nutrition and health<br />

education (NHED) and monitoring and reporting.<br />

Unfortunately, both these areas are also the weakest links<br />

in ICDS.


Nutrition and Health Education is a very dynamic<br />

area and it is essential that its concepts are regularly<br />

reinforced and updated with the latest information. In<br />

addition, it is essential to give appropriate skills to these<br />

functionaries to be good communicators so that they<br />

become effective change agents. Monitoring and<br />

reporting is the key component of the programme that<br />

helps to assess the quality of programme<br />

implementation and helps to steer the programme<br />

towards improved implementation. It is, therefore,<br />

essential to build capacity of the ICDS functionaries to<br />

understand the basic issues of nutrition and health in<br />

the community, be effective communicator, understand<br />

the need for correct reporting and assessment of the<br />

field situation, and use this information for improving<br />

programme implementation. With this in view, a Course<br />

on Capacity Building of ICDS Manpower in Nutrition<br />

and Health Education and Monitoring and <strong>Report</strong>ing<br />

in WFP-Assisted Projects was organised for<br />

Rajasthan (districts Banswara, Chittorgarh and<br />

Dungerpur).<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of Rs.<br />

2.07 lakh was incurred on this course.<br />

Juvenile Justice<br />

Several discussions have taken place on juvenile<br />

justice system in order to meet new challenges and<br />

bring it in conformity with UN Convention on the Rights<br />

of the Child. Now, with the enactment of the Juvenile<br />

Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, it<br />

is essential that persons working in Juvenile Justice<br />

system are made aware of the important changes<br />

introduced in the new Act. Delhi Police Training College<br />

took the initiative to approach the Institute with a<br />

proposal to train their personnel from all nine districts<br />

of Delhi Police on the provisions of the Act. It all resulted<br />

into fruitful collaboration between the Delhi Police, the<br />

institute and the Police Training College. Dr Kiran Bedi,<br />

the police person of international repute, took active<br />

interest in this endeavour. She not only ensured that<br />

policemen were deputed for the training but also<br />

attended a number of valedictory sessions of these<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

A session of Orientation Course on JJ Act and its Implemantation.<br />

courses herself to acquaint her personally of the utility<br />

of the courses. This year also, the Institute organised<br />

an Orientation course on Juvenile Justice (Care and<br />

Protection of Children) Act, 2000 for the Police<br />

Officers of Delhi.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of Rs.<br />

0.16 lakh was incurred on this course.<br />

Research Methodology<br />

Academicians and researchers from universities<br />

and other research organisation, as a part of their<br />

academic activities, carry out major chunk of social<br />

science research. Technical and academic institutions/<br />

organisations are involved in undertaking micro/macro<br />

level research projects and supervising masters/Ph.D.<br />

dissertations. In order to contribute significantly to the<br />

discipline of social science research, it is necessary thus,<br />

to have quality research. Such an endeavour will have<br />

desirable credibility to be documented as articles in books<br />

and scientific journals. There is an urgent need, therefore,<br />

to keep the academicians posted with contemporary<br />

changes and developments in the field of research<br />

approaches both in quantitative and qualitative terms.<br />

Integration of both quantitative and qualitative<br />

approaches is essential to have insight into several social<br />

issues. In view of the above, the Institute, in collaboration<br />

with ICSSR, organised an Orientation Course on<br />

Research Methodology for the Faculty of Social<br />

Sciences of North-Eastern Region.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of Rs.<br />

5.73 lakh was incurred on this course.<br />

97


Sponsored Programmes<br />

Project Formulation for Social<br />

Interventions<br />

The role of social scientists in formulation,<br />

appraisal and evaluation of social development<br />

programme is being increasingly recognised. Project<br />

designing, monitoring and evaluation are critical inputs<br />

for realising the objectives of social development<br />

programmes and projects. Several intervention projects<br />

at the community level are being implemented by<br />

Government and non-Government agencies. The<br />

research methodology and statistical techniques bring<br />

out useful information according to the facts/data, through<br />

structured procedures of research. Such diversity and<br />

multidisciplinary approach of research in social sciences<br />

makes it imperative that the methodology used is sound.<br />

Also the efficacy and rigour determine the quality and<br />

subsequently its relevance to policy decisions.<br />

Course on Project Formulation being chaired by<br />

Dr. Adarsh Sharma, Director.<br />

Statistical techniques are important part of survey<br />

and research methods. It is also an essential area in<br />

which a researcher should possess adequate<br />

competence and skills to carry out survey and research<br />

work effectively and efficiently. These techniques facilitate<br />

in meaningful analysis and interpretation of data.<br />

Application of statistical techniques in social sciences<br />

research is also essential in terms of analysis of data in<br />

different dimensions and interpretation of data to arrive<br />

at conclusions. The statistical techniques and research<br />

methods are interlinked in nature; one supplements the<br />

other and is interrelated and dependent, as tool for<br />

interpretation of data related to social situations. For<br />

98<br />

designing these developmental programmes,<br />

researchers and academicians are drawn mainly from<br />

disciplines of Social Work, Home Science and Social<br />

Sciences. Unless teachers at Universities are provided<br />

skills in project formulation, implementation and<br />

appraisal, they will not be able to meet these<br />

expectations. In view of these, the Institute organised a<br />

Refresher Course on Project Formulation for Social<br />

Interventions: Application of Social Science Research<br />

Methods and Statistical Techniques.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of Rs.<br />

0.90 lakh was incurred on this course.<br />

Shishuinfo: A Data Base Software<br />

The Department of Women and Child<br />

Development is in the process of finalising a National<br />

Plan of Action for Children which will specify goals and<br />

targets for the next decade on critical indicators relating<br />

to children and women in India. Similarly, the State<br />

Governments are also developing the State-specific<br />

Action Plans for Children. Following this, it is also<br />

proposed to draw up need-based district plans of Action,<br />

which would address specific gap areas.<br />

One of the key starting points of any planning<br />

process is to assess and analyse relevant data and<br />

information. In order to develop evidence-based plan that<br />

is realistic, achievable and measurable, Department of<br />

Women and Child Development (DWCD), in collaboration<br />

with UNICEF, has developed a software ‘Shishuinfo: A<br />

Database Software’. It is hoped that the software would<br />

facilitate to assess and analyse relevant data and<br />

information and support plans related to children based<br />

on a sound situational analysis.<br />

At the instance of DWCD, the Institute, in<br />

collaboration with UNICEF, organised two Orientation<br />

Workshops on Shishuinfo: A Database Software for<br />

the officials from Directorate of Planning, Economics and<br />

Statistics and Department of Women and Child<br />

Development of Southern and North-Eastern States in<br />

order to orient the key personnel in planning and<br />

developing Action Plans for Children.


During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of Rs.<br />

3.15 lakh was incurred on these workshops.<br />

Consultation on National Plan of<br />

Action on Children<br />

The Regional Centre, Bangalore, in collaboration<br />

with Department of Women and Child Development,<br />

Government of India, organised a Southern Regional<br />

Consultation on National Plan of Action on Children<br />

with a view to formulating National Plan of Action for<br />

Children for the current decade 2000-2010. The<br />

programme was attended by 75 representatives of<br />

NGOs, senior government officials from the states of<br />

Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala,<br />

Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and representatives<br />

of UNICEF, NIPCCD and Officials from WCD,<br />

Government of Karnataka.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of Rs.<br />

1.15 lakh was incurred on this programme.<br />

Gender Justice and Role of Police<br />

Police responsibility has increased over the years.<br />

In addition to law and order management, police are also<br />

supposed to handle a whole range of social issues in<br />

the light of various social legislations. However, there is<br />

hardly any attempt to inculcate qualities such as<br />

endurance, sympathetic attitude, patience, and respect<br />

for the individual etc. within the police force. The use of<br />

force, abusive language, use of third degree methods,<br />

suspecting every person to be a criminal are some<br />

characteristics of police culture. Despite many legal<br />

provisions and social programmes for the protection of<br />

women, the women remain unprotected not only by the<br />

lawbreakers, but also by the so-called protectors of law.<br />

Frequentty we come aross the news items on rape in<br />

police custody covered by the media. The law<br />

enforcement machinery has an important role to play in<br />

preventing and controlling crimes against women. The<br />

enforcement machinery, particularly at the middle level<br />

in general is yet to be fully sensitive to the problems and<br />

woes of women in a humane way. Women interacting<br />

with enforcement agencies feel lost and suffer from guilt,<br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

A view of vertical Interaction Course on Gender Justice and Role<br />

of the Police organised by Regional Centre, Bangalore.<br />

self-blame, anger and depression. It is, therefore,<br />

necessary to create sustainable gender sensitivity and<br />

awareness in police personnel for long-term solution to<br />

the problem of crimes against women. Keeping this in<br />

view, the Regional Centre, Bangalore organised a<br />

Vertical Interaction Course on Gender Justice and<br />

Role of the Police for senior police personnel.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of<br />

Rs. 1.22 lakh was incurred on this course.<br />

Uses of Communication Material for<br />

Awareness Generation Programme<br />

Awareness Generation Activity is an integral part<br />

of Women Dairy Co-operative Society that aims at building<br />

the capacity of women. The issues in Health and Nutrition,<br />

Gender Mainstreaming and Legal Literacy are the three<br />

major crucial advocacy issues identified for capacity<br />

development of women. Presently, there is no framework<br />

or standardised communication materials available for<br />

awareness generation activities. Secondly, the<br />

implementers of STEP programme in the area of<br />

awareness generation activity have often expressed these<br />

lacunae and urged NIPCCD for conducting workshops, in<br />

order to equip themselves for such activities. This need<br />

was also expressed in the National Consultation Meet for<br />

Communication Material, which was held on 29 and 30<br />

December <strong>2003</strong>. During the meet, it was realised that a<br />

comprehensive module along with communication material<br />

was required for facilitation of awareness generation<br />

activities for women in dairy sector. With this as<br />

99


Sponsored Programmes<br />

background, the institute developed a training module with<br />

the focus on improving skills of trainers on awareness<br />

generation activities. In order to finalise the module,<br />

functionaries of the Milk Union who are implementing<br />

STEP programmes, were invited to field-test and provide<br />

their critical views about its usage. Besides, a forum was<br />

also required for orienting the participants to different<br />

issues of awareness generation techniques and to obtain<br />

the feedback on the module. With this as a backdrop, the<br />

Regional Centre, Bangalore organised a Workshop on<br />

Uses of Communication Material for Awareness<br />

Generation Programme Under STEP.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of<br />

Rs. 0.83 lakh was incurred on the National Level<br />

Consultation Meet on Communication and Rs. 0.50 lakh<br />

was incurred on the Workshop on Use of Communication<br />

Material.<br />

Community-Oriented and Child-Friendly<br />

Policing<br />

At the request of the project Aashwas of Assam<br />

Police, the Regional Centre, Guwahati organised nine<br />

Orientation Training for Assam Police Personnel on<br />

Community-Oriented and Child-Friendly Policing<br />

during the year. These programmes were sponsored by<br />

UNICEF, Kolkata. The main objectives of these<br />

programmes were to develop skills among the participants<br />

to handle and counsel effectively the children/people<br />

showing errant behaviour; equip the police personnel at<br />

all levels to grow and develop better humane<br />

communication skills; and bring a positive attitude amongst<br />

policemen towards community-oriented policing.<br />

In addition, the Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

organised four Refresher Courses for Assam Police<br />

personnel on Community-Oriented and Child-<br />

Friendly Policing.<br />

100<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of<br />

Rs. 6.60 lakh was incurred on these training programmes.<br />

Child Care and Nutrition<br />

Intake of good nutritious food is the key to good<br />

health and well being and inadequate intake both in<br />

quality and quantity leads to malnutrition particularly<br />

under nutrition, especially in children. Studies indicate<br />

that in Uttar Pradesh, 49 percent of children suffer from<br />

protein energy malnutrition and 58 percent are underweight.<br />

Women’s nutrition and health status is central to<br />

the quality of their lives and is a key determinant of the<br />

survival and healthy development of their children.<br />

Despite the fact that food production has increased over<br />

the decades, malnourishment is a major problem and a<br />

majority of Indian women belonging to the lower socioeconomic<br />

strata are undernourished. The major<br />

nutritional deficiencies of concern are protein energy<br />

malnutrition, iron deficiency (anaemia), iodine deficiency<br />

disorders and vitamin A deficiency. In Uttar Pradesh over<br />

30 percent women suffer from chronic energy deficiency<br />

[body mass index (BMI) < 8.5] and 60-70 percent women<br />

in reproductive age (15-45 years) are anaemic with<br />

haemoglobin level less than 10g/cl. Women in general<br />

and pregnant women in particular have special nutritional<br />

needs. Keeping in view the importance of nutritional care<br />

of women and children, it was felt necessary to build up<br />

the knowledge and capacity of the supervisors of Mahila<br />

Dairy Project on the issues relating to child care and<br />

nutrition. Hence an Orientation Training on Child Care<br />

Nutrition for Project Staff of Directorate of Mahila<br />

Dairy Project, Uttar Pradesh sponsored by Directorate<br />

of Mahila Dairy Project, Uttar Pradesh was organised by<br />

the Regional Centre, Lucknow.<br />

During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, an expenditure of Rs.<br />

0.30 lakh was incurred on this training programme.


seven<br />

Organisation<br />

and Management


Organisation and<br />

Management<br />

The Institute has two constitutional bodies, namely<br />

the General Body and the Executive Council. The<br />

General Body formulates policies while the Executive<br />

Council is responsible for management and<br />

administration of the Institute. The Executive Council may<br />

set up standing or Adhoc committees from time to time<br />

to discharge specific functions. At present, an Academic<br />

Committee to approve academic programmes and an<br />

Adhoc Building committee to oversee the construction<br />

of the buildings of the Regional Centres are in existence.<br />

Meetings of the General Body and the<br />

Executive Committee<br />

The Thirty-fifth <strong>Annual</strong> General Meeting of the<br />

General Body of the Institute was held on 18 March <strong>2004</strong>.<br />

It adopted the Institute’s <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong> and in view of<br />

the non-availability of the Audit Certificate, authorised<br />

the Minister of State for Women and Child Development<br />

and president, General Body to adopt the <strong>Annual</strong><br />

Accounts for 2002-<strong>2003</strong> on their behalf. It also approved,<br />

inter alia, Revised Estimates <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong> and Budget<br />

Estimates <strong>2004</strong>-2005. The General Body, besides<br />

adopting the <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong> of the Institute for 2002-<strong>2003</strong>,<br />

made a general review of the programmes and activities<br />

of the Institute and gave its suggestions.<br />

The Fifty-third and Fifty-fourth Meetings of<br />

the Executive Council of the Institute were held on<br />

A session of General Body Meeting in progress.<br />

102<br />

Executive Council taking stock of the activities of the<br />

Institute in its meeting.<br />

Special session of Executive Council together with select members of<br />

General Body holding deliberations.<br />

27 May <strong>2003</strong> and 18 march <strong>2004</strong> respectively. Besides<br />

reviewing the programmes undertaken by the Institute<br />

during 2002-<strong>2003</strong>, the Council considered and<br />

approved the <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong> of the Institute for the year<br />

2002-<strong>2003</strong>, Revised Estimates <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, Budget<br />

Estimates <strong>2004</strong>-2005 and other administrative and<br />

financial proposals. The Executive Council made a<br />

general review of the programmes organised by the<br />

Institute during the year 2002-<strong>2003</strong> and expressed its<br />

appreciation for the work done by the Institute during<br />

2002-<strong>2003</strong>. The Executive Council approved<br />

amendments in the Bye Laws, Rules and Regulations<br />

of the Institute, delegation of powers, and other<br />

administrative and financial matters.<br />

Funds from Government of India<br />

Grant-in-aid from the Government of India continued<br />

to be the main source of funding the activities of the Institute.


During the year <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>, the Institute received a grant of<br />

Rs. 620.00 lakh under Non-Plan and Rs. 436.00 lakh under<br />

Plan. Besides, the Department of Women and Child<br />

Development allowed the Institute to use miscellaneous<br />

receipts and unspent balances amount-ing to Rs. 109.23<br />

lakh under Non-Plan and Rs. 48.38 lakh under Plan of the<br />

preceding year against which an expenditure of Rs. 730.03<br />

lakh and Rs. 421.53 lakh was incurred under Non-Plan and<br />

Plan respectively. The Department of Women and Child<br />

Development also allowed the Institute to utilise the unspent<br />

balance of 2002-<strong>2003</strong> during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong> of Rs. 57.67 lakh<br />

for Training Activities under UDISHA Project against which<br />

Rs. 15.32 lakh has been incurred. Under RWDEP<br />

(Swashakti Project) an Institute incurred the expenditure of<br />

Rs. 50.57 lakh.<br />

Accounts and Audit<br />

The Institute maintains its accounts on the accrual<br />

system of Accounting as provided in Bye-Law 60 of its<br />

Bye Laws. The Audit of the <strong>Annual</strong> Accounts was<br />

undertaken by M/s R. K. Khanna & Co., New Delhi who<br />

were appointed as Auditors by the Executive Council,<br />

NIPCCD in its meeting held on 14.03.2002. A copy of<br />

the Audit Certificate and <strong>Annual</strong> Accounts of the Institute<br />

are available in the section on “Audit <strong>Report</strong> and <strong>Annual</strong><br />

Accounts <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>” of this <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong>.<br />

Personnel Matters<br />

The Institute convened the meetings of Selection<br />

Committee and the following officials were appointed on<br />

‘direct recruitment basis.<br />

Sl. Name of the No. of Joining Remarks<br />

No. Post Posts<br />

1. Assistant 2 08 September <strong>2003</strong> -<br />

Director and<br />

29 December <strong>2003</strong><br />

2. Assistant Admn. 1 19 August <strong>2003</strong> On<br />

Officer deputation<br />

basis<br />

3. Section Officer 2 18 September <strong>2003</strong> On<br />

(Acctts.) and deputation<br />

29 March <strong>2004</strong> basis<br />

4. Account Clerk 1 7 January <strong>2004</strong><br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

During the year the following employees were<br />

appointed on compassionate ground.<br />

Sl. Name of the Post No. of Date of Appointment<br />

No. Posts<br />

1. Helper 2 25 September <strong>2003</strong> and<br />

19 December <strong>2003</strong><br />

During the year, various meetings of Departmental<br />

Promotion Committee were held and the following posts<br />

were filled up on promotion basis.<br />

Sl. Name of the Post No. of Joining<br />

No. Posts<br />

1. Assistant Director 1 27 October <strong>2003</strong><br />

2. Hindi Officer 1 02 June <strong>2003</strong><br />

3. Stenographer<br />

Grade-I<br />

1 27 May <strong>2003</strong><br />

4. Assistant Admn.<br />

Officer<br />

1 30 October <strong>2003</strong><br />

5. Sr. Hindi Officer 1 31 July <strong>2003</strong><br />

6. Technical Assistant<br />

(Libarary)<br />

1 03 December <strong>2003</strong><br />

7. Assistant 1 26 February <strong>2004</strong><br />

8. U.D.C. 3 01 March <strong>2004</strong><br />

9. Staff Car Driver Gr. II 2 28 September <strong>2003</strong> and<br />

24 August <strong>2003</strong><br />

The following employees in Group ‘A’ and<br />

Group ‘D’ were given benefit of ACP Scheme during<br />

the year.<br />

Sl. No. Name of the Post No. of Posts<br />

1. Assistant Director 1<br />

2. Safai Karamchari 1<br />

3. Helper 1<br />

During the year the following employees retired<br />

on attaining the age of superannuation.<br />

103


Organisation and Management<br />

Implementation of Official Language<br />

Policy<br />

With a view to implementing various constitutional<br />

and legal provisions of Official Language Act 1963, the<br />

Institute had set up a Hindi Section in 1980. This section is<br />

actively involved in promotion of use of Hindi at<br />

Headquarters and its four Regional Centres. It also provides<br />

instant support to the training and other programme divisions<br />

in translation of training material, various proforma and<br />

providing guidance in use of Hindi from time to time. The<br />

104<br />

Hindi Fortnight being celebrated with usual fervour at the Institute. Dr. Adarsh Sharma, Director<br />

reviewing the progressive use of Hindi<br />

Sl. Name of the Post No. of Date of Retirement<br />

No. Posts<br />

1. Assistant Director 1 31 December <strong>2003</strong><br />

2. Hindi Officer 1 31 May <strong>2003</strong><br />

3. Research Assistant 1 29 February <strong>2004</strong><br />

4. Helper 3 31 August <strong>2003</strong>,<br />

31 January <strong>2004</strong> and<br />

31 March <strong>2003</strong><br />

5. Sweeper 1 31 August <strong>2003</strong><br />

services rendered by Hindi Section included translation of<br />

NIPCCD <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong>, <strong>Annual</strong> Audit <strong>Report</strong>, Course<br />

Designs/Brochures of various programmes and translation<br />

of various other materials/notes/letters etc. Detailed list of<br />

work done during the year is as under.<br />

Published <strong>Report</strong>s/Books/Pamphlets etc.<br />

1. Training Update<br />

2. Impact of Training on Service Delivery of<br />

AWWs – Study<br />

3. Handbook for Anganwadi Workers<br />

4. <strong>Annual</strong> and Account <strong>Report</strong> of the Institute<br />

5. Brochure and <strong>Report</strong> of Workshop on Pre-<br />

Testing of Handbook for Anganwadi<br />

Workers<br />

6. Calendar of Programmes (<strong>2003</strong>-04)<br />

Agenda/Agenda Notes and Minutes of<br />

Various Meeting<br />

1. Agenda and Agenda Notes on Meeting of<br />

General Body held during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>


2. Agenda and Agenda Notes on Meeting of<br />

Executive Council held during <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

3. Minutes of the Meetings of General and<br />

Executive Council held during the year<br />

Work Regarding Organisation of Courses/<br />

Workshop etc.<br />

1. Orientation Course on Capacity Building<br />

of Voluntary Organisations<br />

2. Orientation Workshop for Sensitisation of<br />

State Level Officers for Government<br />

Programmes and Schemes<br />

3. Material regarding Workshop on Capacity<br />

Building of Voluntary Organisations in<br />

Madhya Pradesh<br />

4. State Level Seminar on Role of Social<br />

Organisations in Development of Jharkhand<br />

5. State Level Seminar on Role of Social<br />

Organisations in Development of Uttaranchal<br />

6. Training on Fund Raising and Resource<br />

Management<br />

7. Orientation Course on Research<br />

Methodology for Faculty of Social Sciences<br />

8. Orientation Course for Functionaries of<br />

Voluntary Organisations on Health and<br />

Nutrition of Young Child and Women<br />

9. Conference on Education to All<br />

10. Training Programme for Nutrition and<br />

Health Volunteers<br />

11. Training on Good Governance of Voluntary<br />

Organisations<br />

OTHER MISCELLANEOUS<br />

1. Highlights of Programmes Organised<br />

during <strong>2003</strong>-04<br />

2. Review of <strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong> and Comments<br />

on <strong>Annual</strong> Audit <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>Annual</strong> <strong>Report</strong><br />

<strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

3. Syllabus for Induction Training Course for<br />

AWWs<br />

4. Training Module on Prevention of<br />

Trafficking of Women and Children<br />

5. Subject Material of Seminar on Role of<br />

Social Organisations<br />

6. Training Module on SHGs<br />

7. Work Plan of Various Divisions for the year<br />

<strong>2003</strong>-04 (Headquarters, Regional Centres,<br />

Swashakti/ Swayamsiddha, UDISHA)<br />

8. Slides on Programme of NIPCCD<br />

9. Achievements of NIPCCD during <strong>2003</strong>-04<br />

10. Important Areas of Institute (Brief detail of<br />

NIPCCD for discussion with Minister)<br />

11. Speech of State Minister for Minister’s<br />

Meeting in Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

12. Speech of State Minister for Consultation<br />

Meet on National Action Plan for Children<br />

13. Introduction of Swashakti Project<br />

14. <strong>Report</strong>s of Courses Organised during<br />

June <strong>2003</strong><br />

15. <strong>Report</strong>s of Programmes organised during<br />

August <strong>2003</strong><br />

16. Terms of Reference<br />

PROMOTION OF HINDI<br />

In order to promote use of Hindi during 2002-03,<br />

the following measures were also taken by the Institute.<br />

q The Official Language Committee<br />

constituted during 1980-81 continued to<br />

function during this year also. The<br />

meetings of this committee were held in<br />

each quarter regularly. All Regional<br />

Centres also have Official Language<br />

Implementation committees and they<br />

105


Organisation and Management<br />

106<br />

organised meetings of these committees<br />

on quarterly basis.<br />

q To promote use of Hindi these schemes<br />

were continued: (a) Incentive Scheme for<br />

original Hindi noting and drafting in officials<br />

work (b) Grant of ‘Incentive Allowance’ to<br />

Stenographer and Typists for doing their<br />

officials work in Hindi in addition to <strong>English</strong><br />

(c) A Cash Award Scheme for Offices for<br />

giving dictation in Hindi (d) A Cash Award<br />

Scheme regarding published research<br />

articles in Hindi (e) A Cash Award Scheme<br />

for organising at least a three-day<br />

programme in Hindi and (f) A Prize scheme<br />

for writing a book connected with a subject<br />

of interest to the Institute originally in Hindi.<br />

Six Faculty members were given awards for<br />

organising different courses/programmes<br />

exclusively in Hindi. Three Typists of the<br />

Institute were granted incentive allowance<br />

for doing typing work in Hindi in addition to<br />

<strong>English</strong> typing.<br />

q During the period under report, two<br />

Stenographers were deputed for training<br />

in Hindi stenography through full time<br />

course. One has passed the<br />

stenography examination and one is<br />

under training.<br />

Hindi Pakhwara was celebrated during<br />

1-15 September 2002. During this<br />

fortnight variety of competitions were<br />

organised. The main function was<br />

organised on 13 September <strong>2003</strong>. Shri<br />

Prem Sagar, Deputy Secretary, Textile<br />

Ministry was the Chief Guest on this<br />

occasion. Cash Awards were given to<br />

the winners of different competitions and<br />

Cash Awards were also given to those<br />

employees who stood first, second and<br />

third in the scheme of Incentives for<br />

Nothing and Drafting in Hindi and giving<br />

dictation in Hindi. During this period Sub<br />

Committee of Committee of Parliament<br />

on Official Language also inspected the<br />

Institute’s work related to official language<br />

on 11.7.<strong>2003</strong>. To promote the use of<br />

Hindi in Institute Hindi Workshop was<br />

organised in November <strong>2003</strong> for persons<br />

of administrative staff.


Annexure


Annexure I<br />

108<br />

List of Members of General Body of NIPCCD 2002-<strong>2003</strong> and <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

1. Smt. Jaskaur Meena President<br />

Minister of State for Human<br />

Resource Development and<br />

President<br />

General Body, NIPCCD<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

2. Smt. Kasturi Gupta Menon Vice-President<br />

Secretary<br />

Department of Women and<br />

Child Development &<br />

Vice-President, NIPCCD<br />

Room No. 601, ‘A’ Wing<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

3. Dr. (Mrs.) Manorama Patwardhan Vice-<br />

52-A Sangram Colony President<br />

Mahavir Marg<br />

Jaipur (Rajasthan)<br />

4. Shri Bharat Singh Meena Vice-President<br />

Educationist<br />

V/Post – Kachroli<br />

Th. Hindon<br />

Distt.. Karuli (Rajasthan)<br />

5. Ms. Anjali Goyal Member<br />

Director (Finance)<br />

Department of Women and<br />

Child Development<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

Room No. 215, ‘C’ Wing<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

6. Shri R.D. Mukhopadhyay Member<br />

Under Secretary (EE)<br />

Department of Elementary<br />

Education & Literacy<br />

Ministry of Human Resource<br />

Development<br />

Room No. 105, ‘D’ Wing<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

7. Dr. B.K. Tiwari Member<br />

Adviser (Nutrition)<br />

Directorate of General Health Services<br />

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare<br />

Nirman Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 011<br />

8. Deputy Secretary (PD) Member<br />

Ministry of Consumer Affairs<br />

Food and Public Distribution<br />

Department of Food & Public Distribution<br />

Room No. 260, Krishi Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

9. Secretary Member<br />

Department of Family Welfare<br />

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare<br />

Nirman Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 011<br />

10. Joint Secretary (A) Member<br />

Ministry of Rural Development<br />

Department of Rural Development<br />

Krishi Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

11. Shri S.C. Sharma Member<br />

Deputy Secretary<br />

Ministry of Urban Development<br />

Department of Urban Employment<br />

& Poverty Alleviation<br />

Room No. 238, ‘C’ Wing<br />

Nirman Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 011<br />

12. Adviser (SD & WP) Member<br />

Planning Commission<br />

Yojna Bhawan<br />

Parliament Street<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

13. Joint Secretary Member<br />

Department of Women<br />

& Child Development<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001


14. Jt. Secretary (Films) Member<br />

Ministry of Information<br />

& Broadcasting<br />

Room No. 552, ‘A’ Wing<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

15. Deputy Secretary Member<br />

(Social Defence)<br />

Ministry of Social Justice<br />

and Empowerment<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

Representatives from States/UTs<br />

16. Shri C. M. Singh Member<br />

Director (SW)<br />

Directorate of Social Welfare<br />

Andaman & Nicobar Administration<br />

Port Blair – 744 101<br />

(A & N Islands)<br />

17. Project Coordinator Member<br />

Project Management Unit<br />

World Bank ICDS Cell<br />

8-3-222 Vengal Rao Nagar<br />

Near Sri Sarathi Studios<br />

Hyderabad – 500 038<br />

18. Director Member<br />

Social Welfare, Women &<br />

Child Development Department<br />

Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh<br />

Naharlagun – 791 110<br />

(Arunachal Pradesh)<br />

19. Secretary Member<br />

Social Welfare & Probation<br />

Department<br />

Govt. of Assam<br />

Uzan Bazar, Pakighat<br />

Guwahati – 781 007<br />

(Assam)<br />

20. Smt. Vandanakini, IAS Member<br />

Director (ICDS)<br />

Social Welfare Department<br />

Govt. of Bihar<br />

Indra Bhawan, IInd Floor<br />

RC Singh Path<br />

Patna – 800 015<br />

21. Shri Nachhater Singh Member<br />

Deputy Director<br />

Social Welfare<br />

Chandigarh Administration<br />

House No. 3421, Sector–24 D<br />

Chandigarh<br />

22. Additional Director (S.W.) Member<br />

Govt. of National Capital<br />

Territory of Delhi<br />

Department of Social Welfare<br />

Delhi Administration<br />

1, Canning Lane, K.G. Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

23. Shri A.K. Wasnik Member<br />

Director<br />

Directorate of Women and<br />

Child Development<br />

Government of Goa<br />

Junta House, Ist Floor, Ist List<br />

G.M.C. Complex (Old)<br />

Panaji, Goa<br />

24. Additional Chief Secretary Member<br />

Government of Gujarat<br />

Health & Family Welfare Department<br />

Block No. 7, 8th Floor<br />

New Sachivalaya<br />

Gandhinagar – 382 010<br />

25. Mrs. Dheera Khandelwal, IAS Member<br />

Director (WCD)<br />

Directorate of Women & Child Development<br />

Government of Haryana<br />

SCO 360-61, Sector 34-A<br />

Chandigarh<br />

26. Shri G.D Wadhwa Member<br />

Principal Secretary/Secretary to Govt.<br />

Social Welfare Department<br />

Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir<br />

Civil Secretariat<br />

Jammu & Kashmir State<br />

Srinagar – 190 001<br />

27. Shri Kashmir Chand, IAS Member<br />

Director<br />

Social & Women’s Welfare<br />

Govt. of Himachal Pradesh<br />

Block No. 33, 3rd Floor<br />

SDA Complex, Kasumpti<br />

Simla –171009 (Himachal Pradesh)<br />

109


28. Principal Member<br />

Secretary to Government<br />

Department of Women &<br />

Child Development<br />

Govt. of Karnataka<br />

2nd Floor MS Building<br />

Dr. Ambedkar Veedhi<br />

Bangalore – 560 001<br />

29. Secretary to Government Member<br />

Social Welfare Department<br />

Government Secretariat<br />

Thiruvananthapuram – 695 001<br />

(Kerala)<br />

30. Project Director Member<br />

Women & Child Development<br />

Department<br />

Govt. of Madhya Pradesh<br />

Bhopal<br />

31. Commissioner Member<br />

Commissionerate of ICDS<br />

5th Floor, Konkan Bhawan (Extn.)<br />

Navi Mumbai – 400 614<br />

32. Secretary Member<br />

Social Welfare<br />

Govt. of Manipur<br />

Imphal – 795 001<br />

33. Director of Social Welfare Member<br />

Directorate of Social Welfare<br />

Govt. of Meghalaya<br />

Lower Lachummiere<br />

East Khasi Hills<br />

Shillong – 795 001<br />

34. Dr. C. Zosanga Member<br />

Dy. Director (FW)<br />

Department of Health & Family Welfare<br />

Directorate of Health Services<br />

Govt. of Mizoram<br />

Aizwal – 796 012<br />

35. Secretary/Administrator (Welfare) Member<br />

Union Territory of Daman & Diu and<br />

Dadra and Nagar Haveli Secretariat<br />

Moti – Daman - 396220<br />

110<br />

36. Secretary (Welfare) Member<br />

Directorate of Social Justice<br />

Empowerment & Culture<br />

Union Territory of Lakshadweep<br />

Kavaratti Island<br />

Pin – 682 555<br />

37. Secretary Member<br />

Social Security & Welfare<br />

Govt. of Nagaland<br />

Kohima – 727 001<br />

38. Dr. S.B. Agnihotri, IAS Member<br />

Commissioner-cum-Secretary to Govt.<br />

Women & Child Development Department<br />

Govt. of Orissa, Qtr. No.C-13, Unit-VIII<br />

Bhubaneswar-751012 (Orissa)<br />

39. Secretary Member<br />

Department of Social Welfare<br />

Pondicherry Administration<br />

No. 121, Ambalathadayar Madam Street<br />

Pondicherry – 605 011<br />

40. Shri Som Prakash, IAS Member<br />

Director<br />

Department of Social Security and<br />

Women & Child Development<br />

(Social Security Branch)<br />

Punjab Mini Secretariat<br />

Chandigarh<br />

41. Dr. S.N. Methi Member<br />

Joint Project Coordinator<br />

(Training and Communication)<br />

Department of Women &<br />

Child Development<br />

Govt. of Rajasthan<br />

2, Jalpath, Gandhi Nagar<br />

Jaipur-15<br />

42. Mrs. A. Pradhan Member<br />

Joint Secretary<br />

(Child Welfare Department)<br />

Women and Child Development Division<br />

Govt. of Sikkim<br />

Lower Secretariat, Opp. Super Market<br />

Gangtok – 737 101 (Sikkim)


43. Secretary Member<br />

Social Welfare<br />

Fort St. George<br />

Secretariat<br />

Chennai – 600 009<br />

44. Senior Research Officer Member<br />

Department of Social Welfare<br />

and Education<br />

Govt. of Tripura, Gurkhabasti<br />

Agartala – 799 001<br />

45. Director Member<br />

Child Development Services and<br />

Nutrition<br />

Govt. of Uttar Pradesh<br />

Indira Bhawan<br />

Lucknow<br />

46. Secretary Member<br />

Department of Social Welfare<br />

Govt. of West Bengal<br />

Writers Buildings<br />

Kolkata – 700 001<br />

Institutional Members<br />

47. General Secretary Member<br />

All India Boy Scouts Association<br />

7, Mathura Road<br />

Jangpura - B<br />

New Delhi – 110 014<br />

48. Smt. Tej Khanna Member<br />

Vice-President<br />

Association for Social Health in India<br />

4, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

49. Secretary Member<br />

Bhartiya Adimjati Sevak Sangh<br />

Thakkar Bapa Smarak Sadan<br />

Dr. Ambedkar Marg<br />

Link Road, New Delhi – 110 055<br />

50. Dr. B. Mishra, Member<br />

General Secretary<br />

Association of Voluntary Agencies<br />

for Rural Development<br />

5 (FF), Institutional Area<br />

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

51. Dr. Aparna Basu Member<br />

President<br />

All India Women’s Conference<br />

6, Bhagwan Das Road<br />

New Delhi – 110 011<br />

52. Shri Ramdhar Tiwari Member<br />

Vice President<br />

All India Panchayat Parishad<br />

Chandrasheel Bhawan, Airport Road<br />

Motihari, Distt. East Champaran<br />

Bihar<br />

53. Dr. B.C. Shukla Member<br />

Family Counsellor<br />

Harijan Sevak Sangh<br />

Kingsway Camp<br />

Delhi – 110 009<br />

54. Shri Mahesh Sharma Member<br />

General Secretary<br />

Central Bharat Sevak Samaj<br />

Sadhu Samaj Bhawan<br />

22, Sardar Patel Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 021<br />

55. Secretary General Member<br />

All India Balkan-ji-Bari<br />

25, Juhu Road, Santacruz (West)<br />

Mumbai – 400 054<br />

56. Vice-President Member<br />

Bhartiya Grameen Mahila Sangh<br />

Savitri Nagar, Opp. Panchsheel Park<br />

Sheikh Sarai, Phase-I<br />

New Delhi – 110 017<br />

57. Shri Hemant Ramtake Member<br />

(Probation Officer)<br />

Children Aid Society<br />

83, Tankandas, H. Kataria Marg<br />

Opp. Matunga Road<br />

Railway Station<br />

(Western Railway), Mahim<br />

Mumbai – 400 016<br />

58. Vice-Chairman Member<br />

Federation of Organisations Working<br />

for Children in India<br />

7, Mathura Road<br />

Jangpura -B<br />

New Delhi – 110 014<br />

111


59. Administrator Member<br />

Family Planning Association of India<br />

New Delhi Branch, FPAI Bhawan<br />

Sector IV, R.K. Puram<br />

New Delhi – 110 022<br />

60. Secretary Member<br />

Guild of Services (Central)<br />

28, Casa Major Road, Egmore<br />

Chennai – 600 008<br />

61. Dr. Shanti Mathur Member<br />

Vice-President<br />

Federation for the Welfare of<br />

Mentally Retarded (India)<br />

Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg<br />

Special Institutional Area<br />

New Delhi – 110 067<br />

62. Dr. Krishan Gopal Member<br />

General Secretary<br />

All India Centre for Urban and<br />

Rural Development<br />

16, Bhai Veer Singh Marg<br />

Gole Market<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

63. Chairman Member<br />

Indian Council for Mental Health<br />

(Hygiene)<br />

U.P.M. School Building<br />

Khetwadi, Ist Lane, S.V.P. Road<br />

Girgaum<br />

Mumbai – 400 004<br />

64. Shri R.N. Mahlawat Member<br />

General Secretary<br />

Indian Adult Education Association<br />

Shafiq Memorial<br />

17-B, Indraprastha Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

65. Mrs. Gita Siddhartha Member<br />

Secretary General<br />

Indian Council for Child Welfare<br />

4, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

66. President (IMA) Member<br />

Indian Medical Association<br />

I.M.A House, I.P. Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

112<br />

67. Sushri Radha Bhatt Member<br />

Secretary<br />

Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Trust<br />

Kasturbagram<br />

Indore - 452020 (Madhya Pradesh)<br />

68. Wg.Cdr. (Retd.) C.M. Jaywant Member<br />

Executive Director<br />

National Association for the Blind, India<br />

11, Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan Road<br />

Worli Seaface<br />

Mumbai – 400 033<br />

69. Ms. Sudha Balanchandra Member<br />

Executive Secretary & Director General<br />

National Society for Equal<br />

Opportunities for the Handicapped<br />

Postal Colony Road, Chembur<br />

Mumbai – 400 071<br />

70. Smt. Vimal Raghuraj Member<br />

Trustee<br />

National Council for Women in India<br />

99 Bharat Nagar, New Friends Colony<br />

New Delhi - 110 065<br />

71. Shri Anjan Mukherjee Member<br />

Secretary<br />

National Programme & Youth Work<br />

National Council of YMCAs of India<br />

Bharat Yuvak Bhawan<br />

Jai Singh Road, Post Box - 14<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

72. Mrs. Sheila Seda Member<br />

Secretary-General<br />

The Trained Nurses Association of India<br />

L-17, Green Park<br />

New Delhi – 110 016<br />

73. National General Secretary Member<br />

Young Women’s Christian<br />

Association of India<br />

10, Sansad Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

74. Shri M.L.Bhandari Member<br />

National Vice-President<br />

Youth Hostel Association of India<br />

5, Nyaya Marg, Chankaya Puri<br />

New Delhi – 110 021


75. Shri R.N.Talwar Member<br />

Secretary<br />

All India Committee for Eradication<br />

of Illiteracy Among Women<br />

Sarojini House<br />

6, Bhagwan Dass Road<br />

New Delhi – 110 011<br />

76. Dr. A.K. Dutta Member<br />

C/o Indian Academy of Pediatrics<br />

Flat No.3<br />

Lady Hardinge Medical College Campus<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

77. Shri Ranjit S. Chavan, Member<br />

Director General<br />

All India Institute of<br />

Local Self-Government<br />

Sthanikraj Bhawan<br />

C.D. Barfiwala Marg (Juhu Gali)<br />

Andheri (West)<br />

Mumbai – 400 058<br />

78. Shri Dina Nath Batra Member<br />

General Secretary<br />

Vidya Bharti Akhil Bhartiya<br />

Shiksha Sansthan<br />

Gandhi Marg Ring Road<br />

Nehru Nagar<br />

New Delhi – 110 065<br />

79. Secretary Member<br />

Matrashakti Sanvardhan Shaudh<br />

Avam Prashikshan Kendra<br />

16, Lokmanya Nagar<br />

Indore (Madhya Pradesh)<br />

80. Director Member<br />

Indian Council for Social<br />

Science Research<br />

Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, Near JNU<br />

New Delhi – 110 067<br />

81. Prof. Surendra Singh Member<br />

President<br />

Association of Schools of<br />

Social Work in India and<br />

Vice-chancellor<br />

Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith<br />

Varanasi -221 002<br />

Uttar Pradesh<br />

82. Ms. Mridula Sinha Member<br />

Chairperson<br />

Central Social Welfare Board<br />

Samaj Kalyan Bhawan<br />

B-12, Qutab Institutional Area<br />

South of IIT<br />

New Delhi – 110 016<br />

83. Shri Jagdish Prasad Meena Member<br />

Social Worker<br />

Village Toda Meena<br />

Teh. Jamua Ramgarh<br />

Distt. Jaipur (Rajasthan)<br />

84. Dr. Abdul Rajak Khan Member<br />

Retired Additional Director<br />

(Educatin Department Rajasthan)<br />

Hafiz Manzil, Nagoriyan Mohalla<br />

Dausa – 303 303 (Rajasthan)<br />

85. Shri. Shivjee Dubey Member<br />

Advocate<br />

Devipukhari Road<br />

Tinsukia, near Shiv Mandir<br />

Assam<br />

86. Dr. Sucheta Priyavadini Member<br />

N-2/121, IRC Village<br />

Nayapalli<br />

Bhubaneswar – 751 015<br />

Orissa<br />

87. Shri P.L. Kothari Member<br />

353, Lane No. 1<br />

Dharmpur<br />

Dehradun – Uttaranchal<br />

88. Mrs. Mridula Ganesh Pathak Member<br />

Organisation Secretary<br />

Deendayal Research Institute<br />

Nagar Road, Beed, Dharma Smruti<br />

Maharashtra – 431 122<br />

89. Sh. Ashok Bhagat Member<br />

Secretary<br />

Vikas Bharati<br />

Gramayatam, 19<br />

Arogya Bhawan-1, Bariyatu<br />

Ranchi - 834009<br />

Jharkhand<br />

113


90. Ms. Suvarna Yogesh Shastri Member<br />

P.B.40, Rao Colony,<br />

Near to Jail, Ward No. 10<br />

Shahdol - 484 001 (Madhya Pradesh)<br />

91. Mrs. Suman Bhatnagar Member<br />

Garh Madhukar Colony<br />

Kotputli, Jaipur (Rajasthan)<br />

92. Dr. Dinesh Paul Member<br />

Joint Director (CD)<br />

NIPCCD<br />

New Delhi<br />

93. Dr.(Smt.) Adarsh Sharma Member<br />

Additional Director (TC)<br />

NIPCCD<br />

New Delhi.<br />

94. Director Member-Secretary<br />

NIPCCD<br />

Hauz Khas<br />

New Delhi – 110 016<br />

114<br />

List of Members of Executive Council<br />

of NIPCCD <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong> and <strong>2004</strong>-2005<br />

1. Smt. Jaskaur Meena Chairperson<br />

Minister of State for Women<br />

and Child Development &<br />

Chairperson, NIPCCD<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

2. Smt. Kasturi Gupta Menon Vice-Chairperson<br />

Secretary<br />

Department of Women<br />

and Child Development &<br />

Vice-Chairman, NIPCCD<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

3. Shri K.D. Joshi Vice-Chairperson<br />

15, Samarpan<br />

Anandbag Society<br />

Navi Peth<br />

Pune – 411 030<br />

4. Shri Sri Kara Nayak Member<br />

Director (WCD)<br />

Planning Commission<br />

Yojna Bhawan<br />

Parliament Street<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

5. Smt Bela Banerjee Member<br />

Joint Secretary (Language)<br />

Department of Secondary &<br />

Higher Education<br />

Ministry of Human Resource Development<br />

Room No. 122-B, ‘C’ Wing<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

6. Dr. Pradeep Haldar Member<br />

Assistant Commissioner (UIP)<br />

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare<br />

Department of Family Welfare<br />

Room No. 211 ‘B’ Wing<br />

Nirman Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 011<br />

7. Deputy Secretary (Trg.) Member<br />

Ministry of Rural Development<br />

Room No. 362, Krishi Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001


8. Ms. Anjali Goyal Member<br />

Director (Finance)<br />

Department of Women &<br />

Child Development<br />

Room No. 215, ‘C’ Wing<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi – 110 001<br />

9. Ms. Mridula Sinha Member<br />

Chairperson<br />

Central Social Welfare Board<br />

Samaj Kalyan Bhawan<br />

B-12, Qutub Institutional Area<br />

South of IIT<br />

New Delhi – 110 016<br />

10. Prof. Surendra Singh Member<br />

President<br />

Association of Schools of<br />

Social Work in India, and<br />

Vice-Chancellor<br />

Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith<br />

Varanasi-221002<br />

11. Dr. Aparna Basu Member<br />

President<br />

All India Women’s Conference<br />

6, Bhagwan Das Road<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

12. Shri R. N. Mahlawat Member<br />

General Secretary<br />

Indian Adult Education Association<br />

17-B, Indraprastha Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

13. Smt. Gita Sidhartha Member<br />

General Secretary<br />

Indian Council for Child Welfare<br />

4, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Marg<br />

New Delhi – 110 002<br />

14. Ms. Sudha Balanchandra Member<br />

Executive Secretary<br />

& Director General National<br />

Society for Equal Opportunities<br />

for the Handicapped<br />

Postal Colony Road<br />

Chembur<br />

Mumbai – 400 071<br />

15. Dr. A. K. Dutta Member<br />

C/o Indian Academy of Pediatrics<br />

Flat No.3<br />

Lady Hardinge Medical College Campus<br />

New Delhi - 110 001<br />

16. Shri Rakesh Mittal Member<br />

Chartered Accountant<br />

37, Ravi Nagar, Khajrana Road<br />

Indore – 452 008<br />

17. Shri Tara Chand Jain Member<br />

Teh./Post. Wazirpur<br />

Distt. Sawai Madhopur (Rajasthan)<br />

18. Mrs. Neena Choudhary Member<br />

Deendayal Upadhyay<br />

Swalamb Yojna (NYKS)<br />

Village Long (Basia)<br />

Distt.. Gumla – 835 229<br />

Jharkhand<br />

19. Shri K.K. Singh Member<br />

Joint Director (WD)<br />

NIPCCD<br />

New Delhi<br />

20. Dr. A. K. Gopal, Member<br />

Additional Director (MC)<br />

NIPCCD<br />

New Delhi<br />

21. Director Member- Secretary<br />

NIPCCD<br />

New Delhi<br />

List of Members of Adhoc Building Committee<br />

2002-<strong>2003</strong> and <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

1. Prof.J. H. Ansari Chairman<br />

Director<br />

School of Planning and Architecture<br />

I.P. Estate<br />

New Delhi - 110 002<br />

2. Financial Advisor Member<br />

Department of Women<br />

& Child Development<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi - 110 001<br />

115


3. Deputy Secretary/Director Member<br />

(Dealing with NIPCCD)<br />

Department of Women<br />

& Child Development<br />

Shastri Bhawan<br />

New Delhi - 110 001<br />

4. Superintending Engineer Member<br />

Delhi Central Circle -VIII<br />

CPWD, Ist Floor, Seva Bhawan<br />

R.K. Puram<br />

New Delhi - 110 022<br />

5. Chief Architect-I Member<br />

CPWD, Nirman Bhawan<br />

New Delhi - 110 001<br />

116<br />

6. Superintending Engineer Member<br />

CPWD, Electric Circle-V<br />

East Block, Level-5<br />

R.K. Puram<br />

New Delhi - 110 022<br />

7. Director (Horticulture) Member<br />

CPWD<br />

‘Y’ Shape Building<br />

I.P. Estate<br />

New Delhi - 110 002<br />

8. Director Member-Secretary<br />

NIPCCD, Hauz Khas<br />

New Delhi - 110 016


State-wise Break-up of Participants in Various Training<br />

Programmes of the Institute During <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong><br />

A. India<br />

S. No. States/UTs No. of Participants<br />

1. Andhra Pradesh 121<br />

2. Arunachal Pradesh 50<br />

3. Assam 2006<br />

4. Bihar 147<br />

5. Chhattisgarh 104<br />

6. Delhi 467<br />

7. Goa 14<br />

8. Gujarat 64<br />

9. Haryana 27<br />

10. Himachal Pradesh 25<br />

11. Jammu & Kashmir 16<br />

12. Jharkhand 244<br />

13. Karnataka 257<br />

14. Kerala 84<br />

15. Madhya Pradesh 324<br />

16. Maharashtra 183<br />

17. Manipur 86<br />

18. Meghalaya 138<br />

19. Mizoram 29<br />

20. Nagaland 81<br />

21. Orissa 53<br />

22. Punjab 57<br />

23. Rajasthan 195<br />

24. Sikkim 30<br />

25. Tamil Nadu 143<br />

26. Tripura 75<br />

27. Uttaranchal 144<br />

28. Uttar Pradesh 595<br />

29. West Bengal 72<br />

30. Andaman & Nicobar Islands 06<br />

31. Chandigarh 11<br />

32. Daman & Diu 05<br />

33. Pondicherry 17<br />

TOTAL 5870<br />

Annexure II<br />

117


Annexure III<br />

I. Regular Programmes<br />

A. FEE CHARGING PAID PROGRAMMES<br />

Headquarters<br />

1. Training on Planning and Designing Project Proposals (27-31 October <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

2. Training on Fund Raising and Resource Management (29 December <strong>2003</strong>-2 January <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

B. NO-FEE AND UNPAID TRAINING PROGRAMMES<br />

Headquarters<br />

3. World Health Day Programme (1-7April <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

4. Symposium on Shape the Future of Life: Healthy Environments for Children (7 April <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

5. District Level Orientation Workshop on Capacity Building of Voluntary Organisations (17-18 May <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

6. Workshop for Finalization Operational Details of PG Diploma on Child Guidance and Counselling<br />

(19-21 May <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

7. Training Programme on Combating Domestic Violence for Police Personnel of Crime Against Women Cells<br />

(16-19 June <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

8. Orientation Course on Counselling and Support Services for Women in Distress (23-27 June <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

9. Gender Sensitisation Training for Home Guards - One Day Module (5 July <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

10. Developing Gender Sensitisation Training Modules: A Meet (10 July <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

11. Training Programme on Combating Domestic Violence for Police Personnel of Crime Against Women Cells<br />

(24-28 July <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

12. Course on Project Formulation and Management Skills (29-30 July <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

13. Orientation Workshop for Sensitisation of State Level Officials on Governmental Programmes and Schemes<br />

(6-8 August <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

14. Meeting of the Core Group for the Forthcoming State Level Seminars on Role of Voluntary Organisations in<br />

Development (3 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

15. Workshop on Integrating Support Services with Family Courts in India (13-14 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

16. Gender Sensitisation Module for Investigation Officers of Delhi Police (16 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

17. State Level Seminar on Role of Social organisations in Development of Women and Children in Uttaranchal<br />

(30-31October <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

18. Orientation Course for Representatives of Organisations Implementing STEP/Swawalamban Programmes<br />

(17-21 November <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

19. Gender Training on Women’s Empowerment (1-12 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

20. Training Programme on Combating Domestic Violence for Police Personnel of Crime Against Women Cells<br />

(5-8 January <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

21. State Level Seminar on the Role of Social Organisations in the Development of Women and Children in Jharkhand<br />

(13-14 January <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

22. Orientation Course for Personnel of Voluntary Organisations in Health and Nutrition of the Young Child and<br />

Women (9-13 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

118<br />

National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development<br />

List of Programmes Organised During <strong>2003</strong>-<strong>2004</strong>


23. Orientation Training Course on Nutrition and Health Education for Functionaries of Voluntary Organisations<br />

(16-20 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

24. Training on Good Governance in Voluntary Organisations (23-27 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

25. Orientation Course on Project Formulation and Management Techniques (3-5 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

26. Training on Combating Domestic Violence for Police Personnel of Crime Against Women Cells<br />

(8-12 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

27. Orientation Course on Management of Creche Services (15-19 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

28. Gender Sensitisation Workshop of Police, Prosecution, Judicial, Social and Probation Officers of Gujarat<br />

(18-20 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

29. Capacity Building of NGOs in Adopting Participatory Approach and Social Marketing Techniques in Nutrition<br />

and Health Education (29 March-2 April <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

30. Training on Planning, Execution and Evaluation of Programmes (31 March-2 April <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

31. Sensitisation Workshop on Prevention of Trafficking of Women and Children for Government Officials and<br />

Representatives of Voluntary Organisations (31 March-1 April <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

Regional Centre, Bangalore<br />

32. Workshop for District Level Officials Dealing with Women and Child Development (27 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

33. Gender Sensitisation Workshop for Senior District Level Officials (16 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

34. National Consultation Meet on Communication Materials for Awareness Generation for Women in Dairy Sector<br />

(29-30 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

35. Training Programme on Counselling for the Functionaries of Childcare Institutions of Karnataka<br />

(5-9 January <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

36. Gender Sensitisation Workshop for Senior District Level Officials (28 January <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

37. Gender Sensitisation Workshop for Senior District Level Officials (3 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

38. Training of Trainers of SHGs on Prevention of Trafficking of Women and Children in Karnataka<br />

(16-17 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

39. Workshop on ICDS for District Officers of Tamil Nadu (26 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

40. Orientation Course on Health and Nutrition Care of Women and Children for the Functionaries of NGOs of<br />

Southern States (1-5 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

41. Training Programme on Counselling for the Functionaries of Child Care Intuitions of Tamil Nadu<br />

(8-12 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

42. Orientation Course on Holistic Development of Adolescent Girls for Representatives of Social Organisations<br />

(16-19 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

Regional Centre, Guwahati<br />

43. Orientation Training Programme for NGOs on Needs and Problems of Adolescent Girls of Tribal and OBC<br />

Communities of NE Region (14-18 July <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

44. North-Eastern Regional Consultation Meet on Implementation of JJ (Care and Protection) Act, 2000<br />

(04-05 August <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

45. Skill Training on Women Empowerment for SHGs (18-22 August <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

46. Orientation Training for Counsellors of Family Counseling Centres (18-29 August <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

47. Orientation Training on Project Formulation for Functionaries of NGOs of NE Region (1-12 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

48. Orientation training for Office Bearers of Family Counselling Centres (4-5 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

49. Regional Workshop on Developing Healthy Parenting Skills for Executive Members of NGOs Working in the<br />

Field of Women and Child Development (15-16 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

119


50. Skill Training on Nutrition and Health Education (NHED) for Social Organisations in Tribal Areas of NE Region<br />

(15-24 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

51. Orientation Training on Counselling for CHILDLINE and Street Children Functionaries (25-26 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

52. Skill Training on Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) for NGOs of North Eastern Region<br />

(13-17 October <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

53. Orientation Training on Capacity Building of Social Organisations in Child Development (9-13 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

54. Orientation Training on Nutrition and Health Education (NHED) for Functionaries of Voluntary Organisations<br />

(15-24 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

Regional Centre, Lucknow<br />

55. Workshop on Implementation of ChildNet for Lucknow Childline Personnel (25 May <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

56. Orientation Course for School Teachers on Learning and Behavioural Problems of Children (29-30 July <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

57. District Level Workshop on Capacity Building for NGOs In Uttar Pradesh (9-10 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

58. Workshop on Finalisation of Pictorial Booklets on Child Rights and Child Protection (19 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

59. Orientation Training on Project Formulation for Functionaries of Voluntary Organisations (15-19 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

60. Orientation Training on Nutrition and Health Education for Functionaries of Voluntary Organisations<br />

(22-26 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

Regional Centre, Indore<br />

61. Gender Sensitisation Training Programme on Investigation and Gender Justice for Law Enforcement Agencies<br />

of Madhya Pradesh (23-27 June <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

62. Nutrition Awareness Campaign with Focus on Needs of Pregnancy and Introduction of Supplementary Feeding<br />

in Children of Tribal in Madhya Pradesh (24-26 June <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

63. A Regional Workshop on Training on Life Skill Education of Tribal Adolescents (30-31 July <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

64. District Level Workshop on Capacity Building for Voluntary Organisations in Madhya Pradesh<br />

(1-2 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

65. District Level Workshop on Infant and Young Child Feeding (06 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

66. Sensitisation Programme on Women and Children: Intervention Strategies for the State of Rajasthan<br />

(24-26 September <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

67. Training of Trainers on Micro Enterprises and Small Business Development (9-12 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

68. Training of Trainers on Promotion and Sustenance of SHGs in Gujarat (16-20 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

69. District Level Workshop on Capacity Building of NGOs of Maharashtra (21-22 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

70. Training of Trainers on Life Skill of Tribal Adolescent Girls (8-11 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

71. A Regional Consultation on Reduction of Malnutrition and Anemia in Adolescents (13-14 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

72. Training of Trainers on Life Skill of Tribal Adolescent Girls (16-19 March <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

C. SPONSORED<br />

Headquarters<br />

Sponsored by World Food Programme<br />

73. Capacity Building of ICDS Manpower in Nutrition and Health Education and Monitoring and <strong>Report</strong>ing in WFP-<br />

Assisted Projects in Rajasthan (28 April-2 May <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

Sponsored by Police Training College, Delhi<br />

74. Orientation Course on Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 for Police Officers of Delhi<br />

(24-27 June <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

120


Indian Council of Social Science Research<br />

75. Orientation Course on Research Methodology for the Faculty of Social Sciences of North-Eastern Region held<br />

at Agartala, sponsored by ICSSR (24 November-5 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

Sponsored by University Grants Commission<br />

76. Refresher Course on Project Formulation for Social Interventions: Application of Social Science Research Methods<br />

and Statistical Technique (5-24 January <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

Sponsored by UNICEF, New Delhi<br />

77. Orientation Workshop on Shishuinfo: A Data Base Software for Southern States (17-18 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

78. Orientation Workshop on Shishuinfo: A Data Base Software for North Eastern States (23-24 February <strong>2004</strong>)<br />

Regional Centre, Bangalore<br />

Sponsored by Department of Women and Child Development, Government of India<br />

79. Southern Regional Consultation on NPAC-<strong>2003</strong> (16 June <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

Sponsored by Bureau of Police Research and Development<br />

80. Vertical Interaction Course on Gender Justice and Role of Police (8-13 December <strong>2003</strong>)<br />

Sponsored by Karnataka Milk Federation&l