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Guenter Hilmer - Phd Thesis - Glamorgan Dspace - University of ...

Guenter Hilmer - Phd Thesis - Glamorgan Dspace - University of ...

CONTENTS CONTENTS 2.3.2

CONTENTS CONTENTS 2.3.2 Disadvantages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.4 Pedagogical elements and approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.4.1 Instructional design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.4.2 Constructivism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 2.4.3 Pedagogical perspectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 2.5 Educational research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2.5.1 Education and educational research . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2.6 Teaching and learning strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 2.6.1 Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 2.6.2 Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 2.6.3 Non-computable teaching and learning strategies . . . . . 50 2.6.4 Question and Answer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 2.6.5 Lecturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 2.6.6 Case Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 2.6.7 Problem-Solving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 2.7 E-learning and meta-data projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 2.8 Knowledge and learning objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 2.9 Project management and e-learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 2.10 Reuse of material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 2.11 Adaptive Hypermedia System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 2.11.1 Link adaptation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 2.11.2 Content adaptation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 2.11.3 User and knowledge management . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 2.12 Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 2.12.1 Web 2.0 Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 2.12.2 XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 2.12.3 XSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 2.12.4 SMIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 2.12.5 HTML and Dynamic HTML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 4

CONTENTS CONTENTS 2.12.6 Java and Java Script . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 2.13 Research objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 2.13.1 Creation of a suitable framework for content separation . . 72 2.13.2 Evaluation of the framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 2.13.3 Evaluation of the authoring tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 3 EFTECS 74 3.1 Theoretical approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 3.2 EFTECS at EM-Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 3.3 EFTECS at TLS-Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 3.3.1 Question and Answer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 3.3.2 Lecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 3.3.3 Case Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 3.3.4 Drill and Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 3.4 EFTECS at EHP-Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 3.4.1 Physical information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 3.4.2 Domain information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 3.4.3 Adaptation information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 3.4.4 Additional information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 3.5 Linking information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 3.6 Common meta-information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 3.7 Content space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 3.8 The complete EFTECS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 3.9 The eXtensible Educational Markup Language - XEML . . . . . . 93 3.10 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 4 HEAT 94 4.1 General approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 4.1.1 Technical aspects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 4.1.2 Design aspects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 5

  • Page 1 and 2: Separation of educational and techn
  • Page 3: CONTENTS CONTENTS Contents 1 Introd
  • Page 7 and 8: CONTENTS CONTENTS 6 Interview evalu
  • Page 9 and 10: CONTENTS CONTENTS 7.3.5 Presentatio
  • Page 11 and 12: LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF FIGURES Lis
  • Page 13 and 14: LIST OF TABLES LIST OF TABLES List
  • Page 15 and 16: List of Abbreviations ADL - Advance
  • Page 17 and 18: Declaration This work has not previ
  • Page 19 and 20: 1 Introduction 1.1 Aim of project 1
  • Page 21 and 22: 1.4 Problem areas 1 INTRODUCTION ea
  • Page 23 and 24: 1.5 Approach 1 INTRODUCTION Secondl
  • Page 25 and 26: 2 Literature Review 2 LITERATURE RE
  • Page 27 and 28: 2.1 Definition and history of e-lea
  • Page 29 and 30: 2.2 Forms of e-learning 2 LITERATUR
  • Page 31 and 32: 2.2 Forms of e-learning 2 LITERATUR
  • Page 33 and 34: 2.2 Forms of e-learning 2 LITERATUR
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  • Page 37 and 38: 2.2 Forms of e-learning 2 LITERATUR
  • Page 39 and 40: 2.3 Advantages and disadvantages of
  • Page 41 and 42: 2.4 Pedagogical elements and approa
  • Page 43 and 44: 2.4 Pedagogical elements and approa
  • Page 45 and 46: 2.5 Educational research 2 LITERATU
  • Page 47 and 48: 2.6 Teaching and learning strategie
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    2.7 E-learning and meta-data projec

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    2.8 Knowledge and learning objects

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    2.9 Project management and e-learni

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    2.9 Project management and e-learni

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    2.10 Reuse of material 2 LITERATURE

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    2.11 Adaptive Hypermedia System 2 L

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    2.11 Adaptive Hypermedia System 2 L

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    2.12 Technology 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

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    2.12 Technology 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

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    2.13 Research objectives 2 LITERATU

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    3.1 Theoretical approach 3 EFTECS p

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    3.1 Theoretical approach 3 EFTECS A

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    3.2 EFTECS at EM-Layer 3 EFTECS mat

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    3.3 EFTECS at TLS-Layer 3 EFTECS

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    3.3 EFTECS at TLS-Layer 3 EFTECS Fo

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    3.4 EFTECS at EHP-Layer 3 EFTECS 3.

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    3.4 EFTECS at EHP-Layer 3 EFTECS 3.

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    3.6 Common meta-information 3 EFTEC

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    3.8 The complete EFTECS 3 EFTECS 3.

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    3.9 The eXtensible Educational Mark

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    4.1 General approach 4 HEAT 4.1.1 T

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    4.1 General approach 4 HEAT the dif

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    4.2 EHP-Layer 4 HEAT 4.2.2 Technica

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    4.3 EHP-Information 4 HEAT 4.3 EHP-

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    4.4 TLS-Layer 4 HEAT 4.4 TLS-Layer

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    4.4 TLS-Layer 4 HEAT Element Type x

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    4.5 EM-Layer 4 HEAT The important f

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    4.6 Content space 4 HEAT It was def

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    4.7 Material delivery 4 HEAT concep

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    4.8 Detailed example 4 HEAT • Add

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    4.8 Detailed example 4 HEAT Figure

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    4.8 Detailed example 4 HEAT Figure

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    4.8 Detailed example 4 HEAT Figure

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    4.8 Detailed example 4 HEAT Figure

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    4.8 Detailed example 4 HEAT Figure

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    4.8 Detailed example 4 HEAT the aut

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    5 Evaluation methodology 5 EVALUATI

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    5.1 Analysis of alternative approac

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    5.2 Design of the interview evaluat

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    5.2 Design of the interview evaluat

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    5.2 Design of the interview evaluat

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    5.2 Design of the interview evaluat

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    5.2 Design of the interview evaluat

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    5.2 Design of the interview evaluat

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    5.3 Design of the practical evaluat

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    6 Interview evaluation 6 INTERVIEW

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    6.1 Analysis of the pre-test interv

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    6.1 Analysis of the pre-test interv

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    6.2 Analysis of the manual markup t

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    6.3 Analysis of the mid-test interv

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    6.3 Analysis of the mid-test interv

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    6.4 Analysis of the HEAT based mark

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    6.4 Analysis of the HEAT based mark

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    6.5 Analysis of the post-test inter

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    6.5 Analysis of the post-test inter

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    7 Practical evaluation 7 PRACTICAL

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    7.1 Design 7 PRACTICAL EVALUATION O

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    7.2 Existing material 7 PRACTICAL E

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    7.2 Existing material 7 PRACTICAL E

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    7.3 New material 7 PRACTICAL EVALUA

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    7.3 New material 7 PRACTICAL EVALUA

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    7.4 Summary 7 PRACTICAL EVALUATION

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    7.4 Summary 7 PRACTICAL EVALUATION

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    8 Discussion 8 DISCUSSION The insig

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    8.1 Review of the EFTECS 8 DISCUSSI

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    8.1 Review of the EFTECS 8 DISCUSSI

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    8.2 Review of the HEAT 8 DISCUSSION

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    8.2 Review of the HEAT 8 DISCUSSION

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    8.2 Review of the HEAT 8 DISCUSSION

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    8.3 Critique of the study 8 DISCUSS

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    9 Conclusions 9 CONCLUSIONS In this

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    9.1 Research objectives 9 CONCLUSIO

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    9.2 Future work 9 CONCLUSIONS 9.2 F

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    9.2 Future work 9 CONCLUSIONS Howev

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    9.2 Future work 9 CONCLUSIONS therm

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    9.3 Contribution to knowledge 9 CON

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [10] Robert J

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [30] Kendall

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [49] Barbara

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [68] A.W. Str

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [88] Melanie

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [110] The Dep

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [131] David A

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [151] Michael

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    REFERENCES REFERENCES [174] Allianc

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    A Appendices 225 A APPENDICES

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.1 Evaluation tasksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.2 Evaluation Worksheet A APPENDIC

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    A.3 Evaluation Interviews A APPENDI

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    A.4 Summary of interview results A

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    A.4 Summary of interview results A

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    A.4 Summary of interview results A

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    A.4 Summary of interview results A

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    A.4 Summary of interview results A

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES A.5

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES entr

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES docu

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES { i

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES } if

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES answ

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES A.5.

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES //no

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES { al

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES { di

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES d

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES i

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES dr

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES A.5.

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES disp

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES } ]]

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    A.5 XSL-Documents A APPENDICES tls

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    A.6 XEML - eXtensible Educational M

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    A.7 Contents of CD A APPENDICES A.7

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