E-news update November 2 2005 In this issue: EU 1.1. EU Must Do ...

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E-news update November 2 2005 In this issue: EU 1.1. EU Must Do ...

to renewable energies. An ecological finance reform should also be implemented to remove direct and

indirect subsidies for unsustainable energy. "The EU must take the lead and grasp the technical,

political and economic opportunities to reduce CO2 emissions by one third by 2020," added Oliver

Rapf. "This will work towards global efforts to keep the world’s average temperature less than 2°C

above pre-industrial levels and will help the EU to renew and intensify its leadership in international

climate change negotiations." Notes: The report "Freezing climate change" has been developed for

WWF by the Wuppertal Institute (Germany), www.wupperinst.org. The report compares a "business

as usual" scenario, that assumes existing policies will continue without specific emphasis on climate

and energy, with a "target 2020" scenario, which considers the potential to increase energy efficiency

and market penetration of renewable energies. This scenario also assumes a fuel switch to less

carbon-intensive fossil fuels and a moratorium on new nuclear power plants and compliance with

ongoing nuclear phase-out.

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1.6. Parliament steps back from fight on f-gases

26 October 2005, ENDS daily

The European parliament has opted to avoid a serious fight with EU states over fluorinated

greenhouse gases. In a second reading vote on Wednesday, the assembly rejected calls for a draft

regulation to bear down much harder on uses of f-gases as well as emissions. Eliminating one big

flashpoint, the parliament ignored its own legal service and dismissed a proposal for the regulation to

be placed entirely on an environment legal base. The council of ministers' decision to place clauses on

labelling and specific use bans on an internal market legal base therefore stands. This will reduce the

scope for individual member states to impose stricter national controls, On the other hand the

parliament did try to hold onto the spirit of greater national autonomy through two amendments

passed to the regulation's recitals. One specifically states that the law "should not prevent member

states from maintaining or introducing stricter protective measures". Parliament declined to endorse

another flashpoint amendment, which stated that f-gases "shall only be used where other safe,

technically feasible and environmentally acceptable alternatives do not exist." F-gas manufacturers

had launched intense protests against such a change (ED 21/10/05

).

The parliament rejected a series of proposals to extend the regulation's limited number of specific use

bans. These included calls to prohibit of HFCs in aerosols and in virtually all domestic, commercial and

industrial refrigeration, of all f-gases in stationary air conditioning and most foams, and of sulphur

hexafluoride in all applications except switchgear. Among the 20 or so amendments passed by the

assembly, MEPs demanded clearer labelling requirements for f-gas containing equipment. They also

voted to require member states to facilitate cross-border transport of recovered f-gases for

destruction or reclamation. And they converted to a requirement an option for the European

commission to propose by 31 December 2007 new containment requirements for f-gases in nonmobile

air conditioning and mobile refrigeration. During the same voting session, MEPs passed only

one amendment to a related directive on f-gases in automotive air conditioning. The legislation's

phase-out schedule for HFCs therefore remains as agreed by ministers. The parliament's single

change to the council's common position will permit member states to promote car air conditioning

using low global warming potential gases.

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ENERGY AND EMISSIONS

2.1. Britain hosts energy summit while failing to meet its emission targets

1 November 2005, http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/article323794.ece

By Andy McSmith: Energy ministers from across the world gather in London today to begin the latest

chapter in the increasingly urgent international battle against climate change. Their talks open against

a background of growing concern about the visible effects of man-made global warming, such as the

disappearance of 40 per cent of Arctic sea ice, and the potential impact of rapid growth in China, India

and other fast-developing economies. Tony Blair, who invited the ministers to the summit, is expected

to address them today. The new dialogue was kickstarted at July's summit of the world's richest

nations in Gleneagles, Scotland, where Mr Blair pushed climate change to the top of the agenda - then

disappointed many by appearing to concede too much to the United States, the biggest producer of

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