May 2005 PDF - 16 pages - Global Sustainable Electricity Partnership

May 2005 PDF - 16 pages - Global Sustainable Electricity Partnership

A Message from the ‡ Chairman . . . . . . . . 1

The ‡ annual theme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

PPA and the ‡ provide training

on renewables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

UNEP and ‡ unite forces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

CDM workshops in Nicaragua

and Ecuador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

‡ - UNDESA seminar on electricity

interconnection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Wind power on San Cristobal Island . . . . . . 6

A CDM project in Bhutan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

A new ‡ wind power project . . . . . . . . . . 10

‡ scholarship recipients for 2004 . . . . . . 11

‡ Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

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What is the ‡?

Mission Statement

‡ Member Companies

The ‡—which comprises nine

leading electricity companies—

spearheads sustainable

development projects and human

capacity building activities in

developing nations worldwide.

In 2002, the ‡ published 10th

Anniversary. A Decade of Action

that captures its accomplishments

since its creation in 1992. It is

available at

The mission of the ‡ is

“to play an active role in global

electricity issues and to promote

sustainable development.” This

diverse international group offers

electricity sector expertise and

practical competencies in electricity

generation, transmission and

distribution. With field-proven

expertise in the planning,

management, design, operation

and maintenance of energy

facilities, member companies

complement each other, offering

an all-encompassing portrait of

the global electricity industry, to

assist developing countries with

little or no capability to generate


American Electric Power

United States

Électricité de France






Kansai Electric Power Company


Ontario Power Generation







United Kingdom

Tokyo Electric Power Company


A Message from the ‡ Chairman

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Jake Epp

‡ Chairman,



Ontario Power Generation

The Kyoto Protocol signals a new energy era

In 2005, the Kyoto Protocol came into force after much planning and anticipation on the part

of the global community. The significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is an ambitious and

demanding task, requiring that all parties work together toward achieving an important and shared objective.

The ability to work together also plays a significant role in determining the success of the ‡ projects to

reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and to promote sustainable energy practices in developing nations.

As separate companies, our influence is limited but collectively we can make a valued and meaningful

contribution. Recognising this, the ‡ has developed programmes and initiatives that both encourage and

draw upon the sharing of knowledge and expertise.

One important way that knowledge and expertise are shared is through the ‡ Scholarship Programme.

Since the programme’s inception in 2001, a total of 15 scholarships have been awarded at the postdoctoral

and Masters levels — with another five scholarships offered in 2005. Under this programme, students from

developing nations receive support to pursue advanced degrees in sustainable development at universities in

developed or developing countries. After earning their degree, many of these students have returned to their

home countries to apply their knowledge and share their expertise. The ‡ Scholarship Programme is now in

its fourth year and we have been very encouraged by the positive response it has generated internationally

among so many bright and deserving students.

The ‡ various capital projects also have made progress. In 2005, we expect to start construction of a 2,000 kW

windfarm in the Galapagos Islands that should be operational in 2006. In addition, we have completed a

feasibility study and bidding process on a 70 kW run-of-river hydroelectric station in Bhutan and expect to

finish the project in 2005.

Through our Human Capacity Building initiatives, we have made progress to help people access tools

and information that enable them to develop sustainable energy initiatives on their own. To this end,

we have produced a report on assisting the national utility of Lebanon to improve thermal efficiency in one

of its major plants. We also are holding workshops to train Pacific Rim utilities’ engineers and technicians

in developing sustainable energy sites using renewables such as wind, micro-hydro and solar energy.

The ‡ is proud of its performance record over the years, and we look forward to continuing our efforts

to expand the benefits of sustainable energy development to communities and individuals throughout the


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‡ a n d t h e G l o b a l E n v i r o n m e n t

‡ Masters

Scholarship Recipients

for 2004

Education for Sustainable Energy Development

The ‡ annual theme

Education for Sustainable Energy Development (ESED) is the ‡ theme for 2004-2005. This is a

timely choice, given that 2005 is the start of the United Nations Decade for Education and of a worldwide

effort to provide educational opportunities for all people, from kindergarten to university and beyond. The

‡ has had a long-standing commitment to education under the rubric of human capacity building. The

‡ Scholarship Programme, in particular, has been remarkably successful in providing financial resources

to advanced students from developing countries and countries in transition, working on sustainable energy

development at the Masters and postdoctoral levels.

The rationale for an ‡ programme in education for sustainable energy development is based on the results of

an internal study identifing four prevailing factors:

• There is a severe shortage of postsecondary programmes in education for sustainable energy development

in developing countries and graduates in the developing world.

• Some parts of the developing world, Africa in particular, are experiencing a very serious brain drain. Any new

initiatives by the ‡ should avoid exacerbating this problem and, where possible, contribute to its solution.

• Many developing countries, notably China and India, are undergoing rapid industrialisation.

• A programme in sustainable energy education helps fulfil the ‡ objective of promoting social responsibility.

The ‡ expects to expand its support and commitment to education for sustainable energy development in

2005. The plan is to build on the successful ‡ Scholarship Programme and create a network of researchers and

practitioners in sustainable energy development that will focus on higher education and establish links among

experts in academic institutions, industry and non-governmental organisations.

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Combating Climate Change in the Pacific Islands

PPA and the ‡ provide training on renewables

Global climate change and the resulting rise in ocean

levels being of particular concern to the island nations of the

Pacific, the Pacific Power Association (PPA) has approached the

‡ to jointly organise training on renewable energy technologies

for island power utilities.

The PPA is a regional, non-governmental, non-profit organisation

dedicated to promoting cooperation among the island power

utilities in areas such as technical training, information exchange,

and sharing of senior management and engineering expertise.

The ‡ in Bonn

The ‡ continues to maintain a presence at international

events related to the energy sector, such as the

International Conference on Renewable Energies, held

in Bonn, Germany, in June 2004. An ‡ side-event

on “Renewable Energy Technology Diffusion: the ‡

Perspective” showcased the ‡ work on macro and

micro barriers to technology diffusion, and the use of

private-public partnerships and financing solutions to

overcome such barriers.

Following a fact-finding mission conducted in Fiji during the Thirteenth Annual PPA Conference, a draft

training programme was elaborated to assist engineers and technicians in determining and exploiting suitable

renewable energy sites. The organisation of two workshops was proposed: the first, held in March 2005 in the

Marshall Islands, brought together utility representatives from the northern islands; and a second workshop,

to be held later in the year in Fiji, will be devoted to the southernmost islands.

The ‡ experts provide training in wind power generation, solar photovoltaic and micro-hydro technologies.

Each ten-day workshop will cover the entire cycle of renewable energy use for each technology, including

initial identification of appropriate sites, studies, procurement, construction/implementation, and operation

and maintenance, for both grid-connected and stand-alone systems. Significant time has been allotted for case

study exercises, practical demonstrations, a site visit and maximum participant interaction.

The Marshall Islands workshop benefited participants from the American Samoa Power Authority, Chuuk Public

Utility Corporation (Federated States of Micronesia), Commonwealth Utilities Corporation (Commonwealth

of the Northern Mariana Islands), Guam Power Authority, Kosrae Utilities Authority (Federated States of

Micronesia), Kwajalein Atoll Joint Utility Resources (Marshall Islands), Marshalls Energy Company, Palau Public

Utilities Corporation, Pohnpei Utilities Corporation (Federated States of Micronesia) and the Yap State Public

Service Corporation (Federated States of Micronesia).

energies in developing countries.

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‡ a n d t h e G l o b a l E n v i r o n m e n t

Private-Public Partnerships for Rural Electrification

UNEP and ‡ unite forces

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the ‡ have agreed to develop a

workshop on rural electrification. This activity falls within the scope of the Memorandum of Understanding

(MOU) signed between the two organisations in 2002.

Despite its great potential for poverty alleviation and economic development, rural electrification continues

to pose unique challenges to project developers. UNEP and the ‡ wish to assist in project development and

establish a cost-effective and streamlined process to facilitate public-private partnerships between selected

developing countries’ practitioners and partners, and determine the role of each entity to be involved in such


The first three-day workshop was held in February 2005 in Bangkok, Thailand, and brought together some

40 rural electrification experts from 10 South-East Asian countries. In addition to the sessions given by the ‡

and UNEP experts, several developing countries’ representatives presented case studies from their countries

and an ‡ Masters Scholarship recipient for 2003 made a presentation on her research on identifying rural

electrification sites.

Promoting a Flexible Market Mechanism

CDM workshops in Nicaragua and Ecuador

Within the framework of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed during the World Summit

on Sustainable Development (WSSD), the ‡ and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social

Affairs (UNDESA) held two-day workshops on the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Electricity Project


The workshops were held in Managua, Nicaragua, and Guayaquil, Ecuador, in September 2004, in collaboration

with both countries’ Ministries of Environment. Endesa, the Spanish utility and an ‡ partner, also lent its expertise

and experience.

The team of experts provided training to more than 100 participants on the development of electricity sector

projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Throughout the workshop, particular emphasis was

placed on investment issues, sustainable development criteria and the ‡ experience.

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Fostering Regional Cooperation and Integration

‡ - UNDESA seminar on electricity interconnection

The Seminar on Electricity Interconnection aims to

help middle managers of power utilities and experts in power

systems planning and operation, as well as other interested

parties, to properly address major issues that may arise when the

national power systems are interconnected within an integrated

regional grid.

The Seminar will focus on the necessary cooperation and

harmonisation of power systems organisation, planning and

operation on a regional basis, with a view to reaping the full

benefits of optimal resource development within the region.

The ‡ in Chile

At the invitation of UNDP, the ‡ participated in a project

with Chile’s Comisión Nacional de Energía (CNE)

to explore the electrification of the Chiloe Archipelago

islands. The ‡ formalised its involvement by conducting

a wind resource assessments of all of the 36 islands

of the archipelago. The results of the assessments and

studies have indicated that a wind and/or hybrid energy

system in 32 islands appears to be feasible and

financially viable. The ‡ also prepared detailed capital

and operation and maintenance (O&M) cost studies for

each of these islands.

Eight consecutive and interrelated modules will be presented,

each describing an important aspect of power systems integration within a regional framework – from strategic

planning activities and studies to actual interconnected systems organisation and operation, as well as proper

design and financing of interconnection facilities.

The programme will provide a comprehensive overview of the most important issues and features with regard

to interconnecting power systems, as well as hints on best practices and ways of minimising risks, allowing

participants to grasp the most significant and determining ideas and concepts. The programme will be

complemented by examples of interconnection projects and accomplishments in South-East Asia and Africa,

along with a specific presentation on the political and legal framework, a particularly important issue when

interconnecting power systems in developing countries.

Spread over three days, the Seminar on Electricity Interconnection is cosponsored and organised by the ‡

and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) as part of their continuing

efforts to promote sustainable and optimal resource development in a critical and important economic sector,

the electricity supply industry. Maximising the efficiency of the electricity sector has great potential to yield

significant benefits in terms of reduced cost of electricity, increased capacity to meet power demand and

optimal use of available resources, as well as to provide a motor for economic development and contribute to

sustainable development goals.

By promoting cooperation and integration on a regional basis in the electricity supply sector through the

Seminar on Electricity Interconnection, the ‡ and UNDESA hope to foster power systems development that

will yield significant social, economic and environmental benefits for the countries involved in such a vast and

rewarding undertaking.

partnerships signed at WSSD.

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‡ a n d t h e G l o b a l E n v i r o n m e n t

Energy Development on a World Heritage Site

Wind power on San Cristobal Island

Ten years ago, the Ministry of Energy and Mines of the Republic of Ecuador decided that the energy

sector should reduce its dependency on fossil fuel for generating electricity in isolated and remote areas.

Today, a 2,000 kW wind power project developed by the ‡ on one of the islands in the Galapagos Archipelago

is ready to be constructed.

As soon as it starts operating in 2006, this USD 10 million National Priority project will reduce diesel generation

on San Cristobal Island by 50%. CO 2 emissions will decrease from 5,400 tons to 2,700 tons annually.

The ‡ strategy is to develop power projects in close cooperation with host country governments and local

utility companies to establish policies that will be instrumental in attracting commercial electricity development.

A new private-public joint venture will work very closely with Elecgalapagos, the utility company serving the

Galapagos Archipelago, to finance and manage the construction, operation and maintenance of the new

wind-diesel hybrid power system.

Project financing has been very innovative. The ‡ encouraged corporations to use a provision in the country’s

tax code and voluntarily direct a portion of their income tax payments to the San Cristobal municipality for

the project. This was the first time the provision was used to finance a power project. In addition, regulatory

authorities increased by 100% the capital subsidy for the project, so that approximately USD 2 million will be

provided from this source. The ‡ will provide more than 50% of the project funds.

The ‡ has been advised that the project could qualify for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) status under

the Kyoto Protocol. However, the project’s financing does not include the sale of carbon reduction credits

because the proceeds from the certified emission reduction units will not completely offset estimated CDM

registration and verification fees. The ‡ is working with Ecuadorian authorities to revise policies that would

lower transaction costs so that the CDM provisions attract commercial development. The CO 2 emission levels

can be consulted at

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The ‡ initiative is the first power project in Ecuador to undergo

an environmental permitting review and approval process in a

protected area. It is located on a World Heritage site.

The project was approved with safeguards for the endangered

pata pegada (dark-rumped petrel) and the Miconia plant on the

El Tropezon mountain. The dark-rumped petrel is one of six marine

birds found only in the Archipelago; it nests on the ground, under

the woody Miconia shrub. After two years of studying nesting and

flight patterns, a committee of in-country experts convened by

The ‡ in South Africa

In 2004, the ‡ published a study on the use of renewable

energy mini-grid systems in South Africa. The

group had initially planned to implement an off-grid

mini-hybrid demonstration project in South Africa. A

change in the country’s electrification plans made the

sites originally chosen by the ‡ ineligible for off-grid

electrification; however, diffusion of the information

contained in the assessment can greatly benefit similar

electrification efforts in the region.

the ‡ defined measures to be implemented during the design, construction and operation phases in order

to reduce risks and enhance the petrel population. An environmental management plan will be executed as a

part of the project’s long-term operations.

Assisting the ‡, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) commissioned a study of the potential

for renewable energy development in the Archipelago and provided it to the ‡. The UN agency also facilitated

new relations between Ecuadorian authorities and the ‡, and publicised the project.

The ‡ wind-project team and Elecgalapagos have investigated demand-side management opportunities to

improve project economics and use available excess wind energy. The ‡ Distance Learning Human Capacity

Programme has helped students install energy monitors on their home appliances during energy audits and

share those results to increase community awareness about the need to use electricity appropriately.

energies in developing countries.

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‡ a n d t h e G l o b a l E n v i r o n m e n t

Constructing a Micro-Hydropower Plant

A CDM project in Bhutan

In the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan, the ‡ has begun construction of a micro-hydropower plant

to bring electricity to the inhabitants of the remote village of Chendebji.

Situated on the Lamchela Chu river, 2,500 metres above sea level in the Trongsa district in the heart of Bhutan,

the 70 kW run-of-river type facility will electrify the village’s 50 households, as well as a dispensary and a school.

A Bhutanese contractor won the international call for tender for the construction of an intake, a settling basin,

a 200-metre penstock, a powerhouse and distribution lines.

Construction began in August 2004 and is expected to be completed in May 2005.

The project has been carried out in close collaboration with the Bhutan Department of Energy/Ministry of Trade

and Industry, the Ministry of Finance and the National Environment Commission, as well as the ministries of

Communications, Health and Education.

Access to electricity will bring major benefits to the villagers, including:

• Lighting to allow studies and cottage industry activities (such as weaving) after sunset;

• Improved health by reducing indoor smoke from firewood and kerosene use;

• Access to a vaccine refrigerator and other medical devices, as well as tele-medicine capabilities;

• More time for agriculture and/or other income generating activities, as less firewood will have to be


• Possibility of new electric learning tools, including television and computers, to facilitate education for

children and adults.

Access to electricity must nevertheless be tailored to the specific context of the community in order to provide

environmental and health benefits.

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In Chendebji, women and children can spend several hours a day

in very poorly ventilated spaces and are thereby exposed to the

ensuing health problems. Women and children are also the principal

gatherers of wood, for cooking and heating. Gathering wood can

require as a much as a day’s work every week. Wood is always

scarce, as the village is located at the limit of one of Bhutan’s largest

and richest conservation areas.

The ‡ expands its membership

RAO UES of Russia, the country’s largest electricity utility,

was invited in 2004 by the ‡ Chairmen to join the

organisation as an associate partner. This utility accounts

for 70% of Russia’s total electricity production. As an

associate partner, RAO UES of Russia complements the

‡ sustainable development initiatives worldwide. Full

membership will be confirmed at the Ottawa Summit in

June 2005.

In order to help reduce the use of wood for cooking and heating,

the ‡ will facilitate the purchase of rice cookers and water boilers

for each household in the village. It is also looking at installing improved cooking and heating stoves, and better

ventilation at the village school.

Public consultations have been held with the villagers to integrate their concerns and take into consideration

their wishes regarding both construction issues and the development of their community. Construction plans

respect the villagers’ traditional land uses for farming and animal husbandry.

At the request of the villagers, excess energy produced by the plant will be used to heat water which will be

made available, at the powerhouse, to all the village’s families. The access road built from the national highway

to Chendebji will be available for villagers’ use once construction is completed. Finally, additional distribution

lines were added to the original project scope to ensure electrification of several remote houses and a local


In collaboration with the Royal Government of Bhutan, the ‡ has submitted the project for recognition under

the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. The project has gone through all the steps

of the CDM approval process and is currently in the final review phase before registration.

The ‡ hopes to demonstrate the viability of the small-scale project methodology under the CDM, identify

any obstacle to the process and share its findings with the CDM Executive Board. In accordance with CDM

requirements, the project will be monitored throughout the period in which carbon credits will be issued.

partnerships signed at WSSD.

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‡ a n d t h e G l o b a l E n v i r o n m e n t

Developing a Replicable Model in Kenya

A new ‡ wind power project

A new ‡ project is aimed at delivering economically and environmentally sustainable off-grid

power in rural Kenya. The ‡ is undertaking studies to deliver sustainable power for residential, agricultural,

educational and economic ventures. The ‡ studies are investigating community electricity and isolated

grid systems projects, focusing on replicability to assist some of the 86% of Kenyans who are not currently

connected to the grid.

One study underway with the community-run system in the village of Mpeketoni will determine whether

installing wind turbines to work in tandem with existing diesel generation can enhance the economic and

environmental supply of energy.

The Kenyan government currently owns and operates a number of large-scale off-grid electricity systems

powered by fuel oil generators. These are neither economically nor environmentally sustainable but, through

the introduction of wind technology and a new ownership and operation model, this situation could change

in the future.

The ‡ is currently assisting government and private industry with the development of feasibility studies that

will promote the necessary private sector involvement in these systems to make them sustainable. Replication

should be a measure of the ‡ success with this project.

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Dakoua Charles Diarra,

of Mali, is the recipient

of the 2004 ‡

Postdoctoral Scholarship

Supporting Six Outstanding Students

‡ scholarship recipients for 2004

Established in 2001, the ‡ Sustainable Energy

Development Scholarship Programme has awarded three

postdoctoral level awards and 11 Masters level awards. Students

from Bangladesh, Bolivia, China, Ecuador, India, Israel, Kenya, Mali,

Nigeria, the Philippines, Uganda and Vietnam have received

scholarships to study at universities in Australia, Canada, France, the

Netherlands, Thailand, the UK and the USA.

The 2004 Postdoctoral Scholarship Recipient

Dakoua Charles Diarra, a citizen of Mali, was awarded the 2004

Postdoctoral Scholarship to study at Queens University in Canada. Dr. Diarra received his Ph.D. in Renewable

Energy Technology from the Kwame Nkumah University of Science and Technology in Ghana. Dr. Diarra’s

postdoctoral research is aimed at improving the efficiency of solar photovoltaic technology by developing a

system that lowers its sensitivity to high temperatures.

2004 Masters Scholarship Recipients

The ‡ in the W Park

Located in Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger, the W Park

is the largest natural reserve in West Africa. At the Perelegou

Pond in Niger, the ‡ has constructed two small

dams and installed a solar water pump. In Benin and

Burkina Faso, it has installed solar power systems in

the Park’s hospitals and dispensaries. In the village of

Monsey located close to the Park’s perimeter in Benin,

a new water pumping station has replaced a simple

water hole.

Charles Gathu Kirubi holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Appropriate Technology and a Masters degree

in Environmental Sciences from Kenyatta University in Kenya. Mr. Kirubi has begun a Masters programme in

Energy Resources Management at the University of California, Berkeley, USA. His research focuses on improved

charcoal stoves for cooking in urban areas and solar photovoltaic systems for lighting in rural areas.

Mr. Manuel Raul Peláez Samaniego, from Ecuador, has a Mechanical Engineering degree from the University

of Orient in Santiago de Cuba. His Masters research programme will focus on the use of integrated pyrolysis

combined cycle technology in the sugar industry.

Ms. Malini Ranganathan, from India, has a Bachelor’s degree from Bard College in the USA. She is currently

studying for a Masters degree in the Energy and Resource Program at the University of California at Berkeley,

USA. Her Masters research focuses on the role of small and medium-scale energy systems in enhancing

employment and productivity in peri-urban and rural areas in India.

Mr. Victor Centeno Reyes, an industrial engineer from the Philippines, is studying for a Masters in Engineering

Sciences, specialising in Environmental Engineering at the University of Melbourne, Australia. Mr. Reyes

is interested in the economic issues and legal framework associated with energy resources management,

particularly in rural areas.

Ms. Na Yang holds a Bachelor’s degree and a Masters degree in Law from Renmin University in Beijing, and

a Masters degree in Law from the University of Ottawa. She has been senior editor for university law journals

both in Beijing and Ottawa. Ms. Yang has begun a masters programme in Law at the University of Cambridge

to study how to formulate enforceable legal measures to promote renewable and energy efficiency resources

in China.

energies in developing countries.

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‡ a n d t h e G l o b a l E n v i r o n m e n t


‡ Activities

Region Country Ongoing Completed


& Middle East



• Institutional strengthening of the power sector

• Demand-side management plan

• Efficiency improvements in thermal power plant (AIJ)

• Environmental management programme


• Wind assessment

• Substitution of diesel for wind power


• Thermal power plant efficiency


• Mini-hydro plant

South Africa

Southern Africa

West Africa

• Demand-side management

• Renewable mini-grid assessment

• Environmental management

• Environmental strategy

• Solar energy supply systems in the W Park

Asia Bangladesh • Assistance to transmission and distribution companies

Bhutan • Micro-hydro plant • Management strengthening


• Clean coal technology seminar

• Demand-side management

• Environmental assessment of thermal power station


• Technical assistance for environmental management


• Renewable energy supply systems (AIJ)

• Monitoring of renewable energy systems


• Thermal power plant rehabilitation


• Emergency assistance


• Strengthening environment institutions

• Strengthening environment agencies

• Multi-country workshop on rural electrification





• Energy efficiency in schools and kindergartens

• Inspection of the Inguri Dam

• Seminar on regulation, institutional relations and tariffs




• Master plan for the Chiloe Archipelago

Ecuador • Substitution of diesel for wind power in the Galapagos • Workshop on the Clean Development Mechanism


• Environmental assessment of transmission line projects

Nicaragua • Mini-hydro plant • Workshop on the Clean Development Mechanism

Oceania Pacific Island Countries • Renewable energy capacity development

Multi-Region Multi-Country • Environmental impact assessment workshops

International Network

on Small Hydro Power

• Assistance for the establishment of an organisation

promoting small hydropower plants in rural areas

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The ‡ Fund for Sustainable

Energy Development

The ‡ Network of Expertise

for the Global Environment

‡ Annual Themes

The ‡ Fund for Sustainable Energy

Development was created in 1998 to help

assemble funding from the ‡ members

as well as from external donors. This

funding is dedicated to financing the

implementation of selected e 7 projects

that promote sustainable energy

development and/or reduce greenhouse

gas emissions. The ‡ Fund is a non-profit

organisation recognised by the United

Nations Economic and Social Council

as a non-governmental organisation

(NGO) with special consultative status.

The ‡ Fund selected projects seek

to demonstrate the viability of new

technology applications in developing

countries, while implementing Clean

Development Mechanism (CDM) or Joint

Implementation (JI) projects. Another

of the ‡ Fund goals is to enable smallscale

electrification projects to achieve

financial sustainability and to explore

institutional aspects that can facilitate

the long-term management of such


The ‡ Network of Expertise for the

Global Environment provides technical

advice and human capacity building,

and implements demonstration projects

in support of sustainable development

objectives. Its activities focus on

developing and emerging countries facing

environmental, social and other related

challenges in the electricity sector. Since

its creation, it has conducted more than

30 activities or projects in more than

20 countries around the world.

To promote sustainable energy

development and to debate the issues

facing the electricity industry, the ‡

Network of Expertise for the Global

Environment works directly with electric

utilities and governments in developing

countries. New initiatives are often

built on the existing relations with the

‡ partner organisations, development

banks, institutions, foundations and

electric utilities. In 2003-2004, activities

were carried out in collaboration with

• Asian Development Bank



• Organización Latinoamericana

de Energía

• Pacific Power Association

• South African Power Pool

• The Energy Research Institute (TERI)

• World Bank

• World Wildlife Fund

1992 The Environment, Global

Warming and the Development

of the Electric Industry

1993 Electric Utility Structures:

Issues and Opportunities

1994 ‡ Actions towards

Sustainable Development

1995 Technologies

for Sustainable Development

1996 Joint Implementation

1997 SED: Industry Focus

in a Period of Transition

1998 The Internationalisation

of the Electricity Industry

1999 Earning Social Trust

in the Electricity Industry

2000 Regional Electricity Cooperation

and Integration

2001 The Electricity Company

of the 21st Century — a 360°


2002 Risk Management

in the 21st Century

2003 Technology Diffusion

for Sustainable Energy


2004 Joint Implementation

2005 Education for Sustainable Energy


For more information:


‡ Network of Expertise

for the Global Environment

1155 Metcalfe Street, Suite 1120

Montreal QC

H3B 2V6




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