Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook - Business Insights

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Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook - Business Insights

Asia Pacific Electricity

Market Outlook

Country profiles of supply, demand,

regulation and infrastructure

Report Price: $2875

Publication Date: February 2010

E N E R G Y


Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook

Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

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Report overview

Two of the fastest growing

economies China and India are in

the Asia Pacific region.

Alongside this economic growth, the

demand for energy is increasing

continuously. China is the world’s

second largest consumer of energy,

consuming more than 11% of the

world’s total electricity consumption.

It is second to only to the US in

electricity consumption. India is

presently the sixth largest electricity

generating country in the world and

accounts for about 4% of the

world's total electricity generation.

Pages 153

Figures 51

Tables 13

“Identify and evaluate

emerging opportunities for

investment and growth within

the Asia Pacific electricity

market using the

comprehensive analysis in this

report...”

‘The Asia Pacific Electricity Market

Outlook’ is a new management report that provides an in-depth analysis

of eight Asia Pacific electricity markets including key regions of Australia

with comprehensive data on supply/demand balance. The

country/regional profiles also feature an overview of supply/demand, an

examination of key governmental, legal and political influences on the

sector, analysis of each country/region’s generation capacity and

electricity network.

How has electricity production and

consumption changed over time?

What are the supply balances for

each country and how much power

is traded with whom?

Who are the key producers and

distributors of electricity in Asia

Pacific?

What is the timetable for

liberalization in each of the Asia

Pacific energy markets?


Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook

Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

Key findings

In China's power market, 50% of generation comes

from central government-owned power companies,

which include five power generators and two nuclear

power generators; 40% comes from local governmentowned

power companies; and private and foreign

independent power producers hold only a 10% market

share.

Annual electricity generation and consumption in

India have increased by about 64% over the past

decade, and India's projected rate of increase for

electricity consumption—estimated at as much as 8–10%

annually through to 2020— is one of the highest in the

world.

Figure 10.38: South Korea, power production

by fuel input (%), 2008

Hong Kong's total installed electricity capacity is around 10,664MW. The country imports its fuels

for power generation from China. Coal being the major fuel followed by natural gas.

New South Wale's total electricity generation capacity is around 14,900MW (excluding capacity

from the Snowy Hydro project). Most of the power generation plants are coal-fired and are located

in Hunter Valley, near the central western coal fields or on the Central Coast.

India’s per capita consumption presently stands at 632KWh per year. However, at 8% GDP

growth, it is estimated that per capita consumption in India in 2032 will reach 2,643KWh per year.

Key features

• Profiles of each country’s electricity

infrastructure including electricity networks

and their ownership, and generation

capacities.

• An understanding of Asia Pacific electricity

market regulation, including local legislation,

competitive conditions and market reforms.

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• Power demand data by consumer type

divided into residential, non-residential and

power generation in megawatts.

• An overview of the wholesale electricity

trading market in each country focusing on

the market owners and operators, the active

players, liquidity and future prospects.

• Power supply data in terawatt hours as well

as production, power imports and exports by

country.

• Power demand forecasts for each country

to 2020, in addition to market trends

detailing power production and demand by

sector.


Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook

Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

Sample Information

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Chapter 1: China

Supply overview

Whilst coal is by far the main power generation fuel

input, a significant role is also played by hydro

capacity. China has faced a power shortage problem

since 2002, despite a rapid and ongoing capacity

addition strategy. The main reason for this shortage

is the distance between load centers and coal

resource centers, as result of which there is a

disruption in the supply of fuel for the generation of

power.

Figure 1.1: China, power production by fuel input (%), 2008

There are five main generation companies and they

own a 50% share of the market. These are China

Huaneng Group, China Datang Corporation, China

Guodian Corporation, China Huadian Corporation

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and China Power Investment Corporation. These

gencos are not allowed to hold more than a 20% share

of the generating capacity in each province, even though they are operated under separate authorizations from

the state council.

Power transmission is mainly done through two power grids: State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC), which

supplies power to north China, northeast China, central China and east China; and China Southern Power Grid

Corporation (CSPGC), which covers the

Yunnan, Guizhou, Hainan and Guangdong

provinces.

Figure 1.2: China, power production by fuel input (TWh), 1990-

2008e

Demand overview

The industrial sector accounts for by far

the largest share of end use demand, in

excess of 80%. Demand in this sector has

continued to outpace that seen in other

sectors.

Industrial demand is constituted

predominantly of demand from the heavy

industries, which include steel, non-ferrous

metals, chemical constructing materials,

and petroleum processing and coking plants.

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The major factor behind China’s quest to boost its generation capacity is its rapidly increasing economic growth,

which has grown at a rate of 12% in the past decade. China’s electricity demand has been growing at an

average rate of around 11% on a year-on-year basis in recent years.


Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook

Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

Table of Contents

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CHAPTER 1 CHINA

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 2 HONG KONG

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 3 INDIA

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 4 JAPAN

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Mergers and Acquisitions

- Wholesale Environment

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 5 NEW SOuTH

WALES

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 6 NEW ZEALAND

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 7 QuEENSLAND

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 8 SINGAPORE

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 9 SOuTH AuSTRALIA

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity Networks

CHAPTER 10 SOuTH KOREA

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Wholesale Environment

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 11 TASMANIA

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity Networks

CHAPTER 12 VICTORIA

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity networks

CHAPTER 13 WESTERN

AuSTRALIA

Market summary

• Supply and demand balance

• Supply overview

• Demand overview

• Regulatory structure

• Infrastructure

- Generation capacity

- Electricity Networks

APPENDIx

• Definitions


Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook

Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

Table of Contents

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LIST OF FIGuRES

• China, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008

• China, power production by fuel

input (TWh), 1990-2008e

• China, power sectional consumption

(%), 2008

• China, power historic and forecast

consumption (TWh), 1990-2020

• China, power production capacity

(MW), 2008e

• Hong Kong, power production by

fuel input (%), 2008e

• Hong Kong, power production by

fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e

• Hong Kong, power sectional

consumption (%), 2008e

• Hong Kong, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-

2020

• Hong Kong, power production

capacity (MW), 2008e

• India, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008

• India, power production by fuel

input (TWh), 1990-2008e

• India, power sectoral consumption

(%), 2008e

• India, power consumption historic

and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020

• India, power production capacity

(MW), 2008e

• Japan, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008e

• Japan, power production by fuel

input (TWh), 1990-2008e

• Japan, power sectoral consumption

(%), 2008e

• Japan, power consumption historic

and forecast (TWh), 1990-2020

• Japan, power production capacity

(MW), 2008e

• Australia, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008

• Australia, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008

• Australia, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-

2020

• New Zealand, power production by

fuel input (%), 2008

• New Zealand, power production by

fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e

• New Zealand, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008

• New Zealand, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-

2020

• Australia, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008e

• Australia, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008e

• Queensland, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-

2020

• Singapore, power production by

fuel input (%), 2008

• Singapore, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008

• Singapore, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-

2020

• Singapore, power production

capacity (%), 2008

• Australia, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008

• Australia, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008

• South Australia, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-

2020

• South Korea, power production by

fuel input (%), 2008

• South Korea, power production by

fuel input (TWh), 1990-2008e

• South Korea, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008e

• South Korea, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 1990-

2020

• South Korea, power production

capacity (MW), 2008e

• Australia, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008

• Australia, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008e

• Tasmania, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-

2020

• Australia, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008

• Australia, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008e

• Victoria, power consumption

historic and forecast (TWh), 2006-

2020

• Australia, power production by fuel

input (%), 2008

• Australia, power sectoral

consumption (%), 2008e

• Western Australia, power

consumption historic and forecast

(TWh), 2006-2020

LIST OF TABLES

• China, power supply and demand

balance (TWh), 2007-2008e

• Hong Kong, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e

• India, power supply and demand

balance (TWh), 2007-2008e

• Japan, power supply and demand

balance (TWh), 2007-2008e

• Australia, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e

• New Zealand, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008

• Australia, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008

• Singapore, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e

• Australia, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008e

• South Korea, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008

• Australia, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008

• Australia, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008

• Australia, power supply and

demand balance (TWh), 2007-2008


Asia Pacific Electricity Market Outlook

Country profiles of supply, demand, regulation and infrastructure

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