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first American German textbook,

Deutsches Lesebuchf_'r Anfdnger. He

was also the first German teacher

• in this country to use Schiller's

works as his text material, and his

Lesebuch had extensive passages

from Wilhelm Tell, Maria Stuart,

The Revolt of the Netherlands, Geisterseher,

Spiel des Schicksals, and 13

minor poems.

Follen's influence was felt far

beyond Harvard, as American

scholars began traveling to Germany

to strengthen America's ties

with the republican humanists of

the Continent. Although every

German university had its share of

American students, Gbttingen

University in Lower Saxony,

where Gauss taught, drew the best

American scholars. Tickn0r, Edward

Everett, George Bancroft

and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

all did graduate work at Gbttingen.

It was another American

graduate student at" GSttingen,

Henry Edwin Dwight, who delivered

the final blow to the British

misinterpretation of Schiller.

Dwight spent several years at

GSttingen, and in 1829 published

Travels in the North of Germany, in

Schiller recitingto a devotedcircleoffriends and collaboratorsin Weimar. Prints which he noted that Schiller "is

such as the one shown above were widely circulatedin the United States during only known in our language by a

the nineteenth century, translation of Wallenstein, and by

the works of his boyhood, especially

by his Robbers, which he

would send his German republi- graduate of the University of wrote at 17 years of age .... In

can allies to teach German, using Giessen in Germany. Follen was a Germany, however, Schiller has

Schiller's works as texts, to Amer- member of Lafayette's network of created a national drama, and, in

icans. German republicans, and as such a country too, where Shakespeare

Tickner, along with his he was banned from teaching or is as much read and admired as in

friends Washington Irving and earning a living in Germany, un- England and the United States.

historian George Prescott,.ran the der the reactionary Carlsbad De- An enlightened people like the

American end of this intervention crees of 1818. Germans, cannot for thirty years,

into American education, in At Harvard, Follen organized have formed such an estimate of

which they secured a Harvard the first American Department of their great dramatist, if his plays

University teaching position for Modern Languages, and shortly possess the character usually as-

Charles (Karl) Follen, an 1818 after his arrival in 1825, wrote the cribed to them by the English."

CAMPAIGNER/June 1980 59

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