Archaeological Investigations at Panaca Summit - Bureau of Land ...
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1 BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT NEVADA t T ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS AT PANACA SUMMIT Robert G. Elston Kenneth Juell - I t 1987 1 I CULTURAL RESOURCE SERIES No. 10
Recovered faunal remains were ident
Chapter 5. FLAKED STONE ARTIFACTS b
Irreqular Cored Irregular cores (Ta
Larae Bifaces Large bifaces are man
I ! Y 1” I I a. b. I \ \ ’ c. d
P C, 1 I a. b. Q cm 5 1 .1
Figure 7. Large obsidian bifaces. 4
Figure 8. Obsidian bifaces. a.-f. L
Table 5 , Attributes of Large Bifac
Small Bifaces Small bifaces were ma
I I I I a. b. C. I I I d. e. I I f.
Specimen No. Table 7. Attributes of
I I ' I a. \ / b. r I ..- C. d. e.
Specimens 26Ln1775-704-2 and 26Ln17
specimen 26Ln1775-1400-8-19 (Figure
a. b. C. d. e. f. h. i. I. 0 5 A
Figure 12. Projectile points. a. Co
The Horticultural Period is also re
Chapter 6 . GROUNDSTONE ARTIFACTS b
Y I I Y m 0 K II II I1 II 65
Figure 13. Tabular metate fragment;
(77.8%) exhibit moderate use, and t
4 N U m b 3- e r O 2- f I e m 8 1 -
the site may indicate that handston
N U m b e r 0 f G f i s" s U r f a
One longitudinal edge shoulder of t
n 26Ln1775 26Ln3357 0 f G n d i n 9
Chapter 7. INCISED TABLETS AND POLI
Stvlistic Attributes The descriptio
clearly interrupts the design, abou
Figure 21, Order of incised line el
All incisions were made with a shar
I Figure 23. Order of incised line
I 1 t stained by a natural dark red
- a b C
Figure 26. Order of incised line el
composition. Tool tracks are not si
Figure 29. Line drawing of incised
Near the top center of the tablet,
Figure 30. Incised polished stones.
Figure 31. Carved and polished ston
The 26Ln1775 collection includes on
Chapter 8. CERAMIC ARTIFACTS by Ken
107 r-. N c7 4 0 W m m u u h s 01 m
i Figure 32. Fremont Pottery. a. Sn
Thirteen Snake Valley Corrugated sh
Figure 33. Rim Forms of Functional
Figure 34. Rimsherd Cross-Sections.
Figure 35. Modified sherds. a. tubu
the scraping or smoothing wet and d
Figure 36 (left). Pottery Scoop. Fi
Chapter 9. PANACA SUMMIT SITE CLASS
present as snow (winter). Consideri
Table 20. Functional Tool Classes P
Tvge B Short-Term Camas Six sites w
which have 20 or 30 flakes (22 54),
locations, The trend is consistent
Table 26. Debitage Raw Material Div
Site type distribution according to
highly correlated. That is, absolut
Increasing Assemblage Diversity
In order to calculate a linear regr
site, with a high degree of accurac
Figure 40, Relative assemblage dive
Relative diversity is greatest in P
Figure 41. study area. Locations of
Table 30. Survey Recorded Assemblag
m I 3
Class I - Mice, Shrews Class I1 - R
Table 33 (Continued). Attributes of
Woodrat houses appear to be randoml
epresented by a small, diffuse lith
Test Excavation The soils of the ri
Table 38. Debitage Class by Materia
Figure 46. Site map, 26Ln3356 Key t
Artifact Assemblaae and Inferred Ac
approximately 7000 sq m (140m by 50
Table 46. Debitage Count by Samplin
to 7 feet high and 5 to 30 feet lon
Both primary and secondary debitage
siltstone and chert are common lith
Table 53. Debitage Material Types,
of biface thinning flakes (Table 58
Figure 50. Site map, 26Ln1775
P Figure 51. Map of Locus A, 26Ln17
Figure 52. Mag of Locus B, 26Ln1775
Figure 53. Map of Loci E, M, and St
Unit 2). A 1 x 0.5 m test pit (Test
\ \ ' \ \ ' \ 0 1400-7
Figure 55. Map of Locus I, 26Ln1775
Locus H Locus H (Figure 56) lies on
Table 59. Artifacts Recovered From
a 900-6, 7, 12; 903-6; 1100-18, 19
Table 62. Plant Taxa, Flotation Sam
Table 63. Faunal Remains from 26Ln1
t The flotation study and faunal an
Chapter 11. CONCLUSIONS by Robert G
Table 66. Comparisons of Survey Ass
Sample Size Effect The sample size
U w 0 w n E .- 6 a Q a 0 '9 0 0 0 q
3.00 - Obsidian n=6 r = 0.997 / 26L
Sampling Site Variety Although the
REFERENCES CITED Adovasio, James M.
Clerico, Sheryl, and Robert G. Elst
Elston, Robert G., Jonathan 0. Davi
1980b Environmental Characteristics
1986 Woodrat Bone-Collecting Behavi
Muto, Guy R. 1971 A Stage Analysis
Simms, Steven R . 1983 The Effects
Tuohy, Donald R. 1967 An Incised St
Appendix A PETROGRAPHIC THIN-SECTIO
shaping (rolling the clay in coils
of Snake Valley painted ceramics, I
Madsen, Rex 1977 Prehistoric Cerami
ounded quartz (this percentage incl
coiling of the clay during the manu
minerals are mostly angular feldspa
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