News Items 2010 - CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University

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News Items 2010 - CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University

Varieties Developed

CSK HIMACHAL PRADESH KRISHI VISHVAVIDYALAYA, PALAMPUR

“DIRECTORATE OF RESEARCH”

Major R & D Activities of the University


The University so far has developed and released the following 134 improved/high yielding varieties

of different crops (19 of Rice; 21 of Wheat; 9 of Maize; 5 of Barley; 22 of Pulses; 19 of Oilseeds; 12

of Fodders; 2 of Buckwheat; 1 of Sugarcane; 22 of Vegetables and 2 of Tea) for cultivation in

different agro-climatic conditions of the State.

Crop Name of Varieties Total

Rice

Himalaya-1, Himalaya-2,Himalaya-741, Himalaya-799, RP-732, NaggarDhan, 19

Himalaya-2216, RP-2421, VL Dhan-221, Kasturi Basmati, HPR-933, HPR-957,

HKR-126, Irani Mushkan, HPR-1179 (Bhrigu Dhan), HPR-1068, HPR-1156

(Sukara Dhan), HPR-2143, Varundhan

Wheat

VL-421, VL-616, HD-2285, HS-277,HS-240, Aradhana, Saptdhara, HS-295, 21

Surbhi, Palam, Chandrika, HPW-155 (Onkareshwar), Raj.3777, HPW-

251(Aryan), HPW-211, HS-420 (Shivalik) and VL Gehun-829, HPW-249

(Asmi), HPW-236 (Santosh) and HPW-251 (Aryan)

Maize

Early Composite, Parvati, Naveen, Sartaj hybrid, Girija, VL-78 (Baby Corn 9

Composite), Bajaura Popcorn, Sweet Corn and hybrid (HQPM-1)

Barley

Sonu, Gopi, Vimal 2-rowed (Hulled), Harit 6-rowed (Hulless) and HBL-391 5

(Gokul)

Pulses

Baizu (Kulthi), Vipasha (Lentil), Jawala (Rajmash), Kanchan (Rajmash), Baspa 22

(Rajmash), Triloki (Rajmash), Kailash (Rajmash), HPG-17 (Gram), Himachal

Chana No.1 (Chickpea), Himachal Chana-2 (Chickpea), GPF-2 (Chickpea)

Sarita (Pigeonpea), PDU-1 (Urdbean), UG-218(Urdbean), Pant U-19

(Urdbean), UPU 00-31 (Himachal Mash-1) of Urdbean, Suketi-1 (Mungbean),

Himachal Lobia-1 (Cowpea), C-519 (Himachal Lobia-2) of Cowpea, Markanday

(Lentil), , Palampur-93 (Black gram), Sml-668 (Moongbean)

Oilseeds Varuna (Raya), Bhawani (Toria), RCC(Mustard), KBS-3 (Brown Sarson), 19

Shivalik (Soybean), Harit Soya (Soybean), Palam Soya (Soybean), Janaki

(Linseed), Jeevan (linseed), Surbhi (Linseed), Nagarkot (Linseed), Sheetal

(Gobhi sarson), Neelam (Gobhi Sarson), LTK-4 (Brijeshwari), Him Alsi-1 , Him

Alsi-2 , KL-214 (Himani) and KL-215 (Bhagsu) of Linseed, Him Soya

(Soybean), Jayanti (Karan Rai).

Fodders Oat (Palampur-1), Guinea (Grass (PGG-9), IGFRI-5, Setaria (PSS-1), White 12

Clover (Palampur composite), Lucerne (Anand-3), Shaftal-48, Napier Bajara(

NP-37), Fescue (Hima-1), Setaria (S-92), Red Clover (PRC-3), Fescue(Hima-

4).

Buckwheat USDA-1 (Ogla), Uday (Phafra). 2

Sugarcane COS-767 1

Vegetables Palam Priya (Pea), Punjab-89 (Garden pea), Palam Pink (Tomato), Palam 22

Pride (Tomato), Palam Green (Chinese Cabbage), Surajmukhi (Chillies), GHC-

1 (Garlic), Palam Samridhi (Sprouting Broccoli), Palam kanchan (Broccoli),

Palam Vichitra (Broccoli), Palam haritika (Broccoli), Palam Tender Knob (Knolkhol),

Palam Paushtik( Leek), Palam Hariday, Palam (Radish), Arka Nidhi and

Arka Keshav (Brinjal), Palam Uphar (Cauliflower), Palam Lohit (DPO-1) of

Onion, DPT-1 (Palam Pitamber) and DPT-2 (Palam Lalima) of Turmeric, DPF-

205 (Palam Somya) and Pusa Kasuri of Fenugreek.

Tea Kangra Asha, Kangra Jwala 2

Total 134




University supplies annually about 500 quintals of breeder and about 1200 quintals foundation

seed of different crop varieties to the State Department of Agriculture for further multiplication.

Four agro-climatic zones into which the state was divided earlier have now been delineated into

nine agro-ecological zones based on GIS for effective agricultural planning in Himachal Pradesh.

The surface area of the state of Himachal Pradesh has been calculated as 86384 sq. km. based

on 3-D imagery using modern Geo-IT technologies whereas the earlier area based on 2-D

imagery is 55673 sq.km. currently used for the purpose of planning.

The university has been identified as Niche Area of Excellence in Organic Farming. A

consortium of organic practices and inputs – composts, manures, sprays and inoculums have

been developed. The organic farm has the recognition of International Federation of Organic


Farming Movement (IFOAM), National Centre of Organic Farming (NCOF) Govt. of India and

International Certifying Agency. The research efforts have been intensified for the formulation of

package of practices for organic farming.

Six technologies viz., herbal dye, citrus based formulation, bio-pesticide formulation, premix

blower type Biogas Stove and improved tissue chamber assembly for isolated organ bath

apparatus and use of perennial grass for doubled haploid production in wheat have been filed and

four patents viz., a repellent/antifeedant agent, insecticidal bioactive extract, pesticidal

preparation and a repellent agent have been registered.

The technology for harvesting roof top and run-off water in poly-ethylene spread tanks has been

standardized by the university for hill farmers. The water may be stored in small dug-out farm

ponds by individual farmer (100-200 m 3 ) or community basis (6000 m 3 or more). Cost of stored

water is about Rs. 60/m 3 (excluding digging cost).

Integrated Disease Management (IDM) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) modules for the

management of diseases, insect pests and weeds of different crops have been developed. Rice

blast forecasting module has been developed and validated in collaboration with IMTECH,

Chandigarh. Effective rice blast resistant genes have been pyramided in elite genetic background.

Micro-propagation protocols for multiplication of carnation, ginger and foliage begonias have been

standardized.

The University developed technology to eradicate obnoxious weeds viz., Lantana, Ageratum

and Parthenium from community pastures, grasslands and forest lands with public participation.

Developed and released seven agricultural tools/implements, viz., Palam Plough, Haloder, Manual

Rice Transplanter, Maize Sheller, Shrachi Power Tiller, Self-Propelled Reaper and Paddy Thresher

have been recommended for use by the farmers of the state. Three new tools/implements viz.,

Power Tiller operated Multi-crop Planter, Power Tiller operated Zero-till Drill and Maize Dehuskercum

Sheller have been designed and developed.

Amelioration of Acidic Soils: About 75,479 ha of cultivated area in Kangra, Kullu, Chamba,

Mandi and Sirmour districts is acidic in nature with pH below 5.5. University has developed and

tested cost effective technology of applying lime @ 1/10 th of lime requirement (4 t/ha) in furrows

to kharif crops except paddy at farmers fields in Kangra district.

Launched by the University “Kangra Natural Organic Tea- “Dhauladhar” has distinctive flavor

with higher antioxidants as compared to tea of other growing regions of India and is free from

agro-chemicals.

The university’s ultra modern spawn laboratory which supplies high quality seed of buttom

mushroom, dhingri and milky mushroom has helped in spread of mushroom cultivation

technology to Kangra and adjoining districts thus providing additional income of between Rs

70,000 to 1,25,000 per annum to the farmers. For the first time, university has succeeded in

introducing mushroom cultivation in Lahaul Valley during summers. A low temperature loving

strain of Pleurotus ostreatus(dhingri) which will make its cultivation possible throughout the year

has been made available to the growers.

Continuous use of nitrogen alone through urea without FYM has the most deleterious effect on

crop productivity vis-à-vis soil health. In maize-wheat cropping sequence under rain-fed

conditions, continuous application of FYM 10 t/ha along with N or NP (25-100%) to maize saved

25-50%N, 50% P and 100% K of maize and 50% NPK budget of wheat. In rice-wheat system

application of 50% NPK + 50% N (FYM) to rice and 100% NPK to wheat was most productive and

sustainable nutrient management system.

A model Forage Production and Management unit of the university has been operationalized and

the improved pasture land is now producing 400-500 qha -1 of green fodder with 10 times

improvement over initial status after rehabilitation of Lantana and other weeds infested land into

Productive Pasture at Dairy Unit of the university.

For vermin-composting, the efficiency of Eisenia foetida (temperate region) and Eudrilus

eugenae (tropical region) species of worms have be studied and popularized in the state.



The University is providing elite planting material of apple, pear, peach, plum, apricot, kiwi,

persimmon, pomegranates and pecan nut not only to the farmers of the state but also to other

hill states like Arunachal Pradesh.

The College of Veterinary an d Animal Sciences of the university has well established clinics with

modern diagnostic facilities for treatment of sick animals. Attending disease outbreaks and

clinical camps is its regular feature in various districts of HP. The university produces products


like uromol-min bricks, mineral mixture, cattle feed, broiler feed, layer feed and dog biscuits in

addition milk and fishes (meat & aquarium).
















Development of hybrids of rice, maize and vegetables (tomato, capsicum and brinjal),

Development of feasible & viable organic farming packages and identification of different niches

suitable for organic agriculture .

Development of biopesticides/biocontrol agents for organic agriculture to reduce health hazards of

synthetic pesticides.

Development & demonstration of Integrated Farming System modules for various agro-ecological

zones.

Bio-conservation of traditional landraces of different crops possessing special quality attributes for

commercial exploitation/ export.

Refining high tech irrigation systems for hills, fertification & alternate cropping systems.

Designing need based cost effective hill farm tools/machines

Exploitation of microbial resources of Himachal Pradesh with respect to bio-fertilizers, fermented

foods and other economically important products.

Development of transgenics for root rot wilt complex in peas and diamond back moth in cabbage.

Studies on management of infertility in large (cow & buffalo) and small (sheep & goat) ruminants.

Molecular diagnosis and disease forecasting of important infectious diseases among livestock including

poultary.

Studiies on women empowerment vis-à-vis socio-economic status for policy planning.

Evaluation of potential of Aloe vera in human foods and cosmetics.

Post harvest technology and value addition.

To generate database for marketing intelligence and policy planning of perishable commodities.

Priority Areas of Researchable Issues


















Development of hybrids of rice, maize and vegetables (tomato, capsicum and brinjal).

Development of feasible & viable organic farming packages and identification of different niches

suitable for organic agriculture.

Development of biopesticides/biocontrol agents for organic agriculture to reduce health hazards of

synthetic pesticides.

Development & demonstration of Integrated Farming System modules for various agro-ecological

zones.

Bio-conservation of traditional landraces of different crops possessing special quality attributes for

commercial exploitation/ export.

Refinement of rain water harvesting technology and its efficient utilization.

Refining high tech irrigation systems for hills, fertification & alternate cropping systems.

Designing need based cost effective hill farm tools/machines

Exploitation of microbial resources of Himachal Pradesh with respect to bio-fertilizers, fermented

foods and other economically important products.

Development of transgenics for root rot wilt complex in peas and diamond back moth in cabbage.

Molecular diagnosis and disease forecasting (rice blast, late blight of potato)

Studies on management of infertility in large (cow & buffalo) and small (sheep & goat) ruminants.

Molecular diagnosis and disease forecasting of important infectious diseases among livestock including

poultary.

Studiies on women empowerment vis-à-vis socio-economic status for policy planning.

Evaluation of potential of Aloe vera in human foods and cosmetics.

Post harvest technology and value addition.

To generate database for marketing intelligence and policy planning of perishable commodities.

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