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IMPACT - Harvard Kennedy School - Harvard University

IMPACT - Harvard Kennedy School - Harvard University

IMPACT - Harvard Kennedy School - Harvard

2013 autumn winter spring summer volume 5 t issue 3 IMPACT INSIDE 2 Research Briefs 3 Masoud: Arab Paradox 4 Edin: Earned Income 5 Sparrow: Police Science 6 Goodman: Extra Math Research from Harvard Kennedy School www.hks.harvard.edu POVERTY Closing the Achievement Gap in Boston William Julius Wilson Faculty Researcher William Julius Wilson, Geyser University Professor, Harvard University; Director, Joblessness and Urban Poverty Research Program, Harvard Kennedy School Paper Title Poverty, Politics, and a “Circle of Promise”: Holistic Education Policy in Boston and the Challenge of Institutional Entrenchment Coauthor Jeremy Levine, phd candidate, Harvard University The Harlem Children’s Zone, a campaign to close the achievement gap between black and white students, has been called “the Harlem Miracle” by The New York Times, which cited astonishing gains in math and verbal proficiency at area charter schools. The initiative started as a one -block pilot project in the mid-1990s and has since grown to encompass a 97-square-block section of New York City’s Harlem district. The program’s success has inspired other cities to try something similar — Boston among them. In February 2010, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino announced a neighborhood-based education plan, dubbed the “Circle of Promise,” to serve youths in some of the city’s poorest communities. The “circle” spans five square miles, riddled by crime and poverty, and includes 10 out of the 12 chronically “underperforming” schools identified by the Boston School Department. Education reform, the Menino administration insists, must extend beyond school walls to offer urban students an array of enrichment services, such as preschool, after-school, vocational, athletic, and recreational programs. (continued on page 7) SECURITY Counting the Costs of War Linda Bilmes Faculty Researcher Linda Bilmes, Moynihan Senior Lecturer in Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School Paper Title The Financial Legacy of Iraq and Afghanistan: How Wartime Spending Decisions Will Constrain Future National Security Budgets The United States has already spent close to $2 trillion on the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. But those expenditures — on combat operations, reconstruction, and other direct costs of war — are only a fraction of what the wars will eventually cost the country, according to research by Linda Bilmes, Moynihan Senior Lecturer in Public Policy. The final figure, Bilmes calculates, will be $4 trillion. In The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq Conflict, a book Bilmes coauthored with the Nobel Prize–winning economist Joseph Stiglitz, Bilmes helped unveil the future costs of the conflict, such as disability compensation to veterans. In her new paper, “The Financial Legacy of Iraq and Afghanistan: How Wartime Spending Decisions Will Constrain Future National Security Budgets,” Bilmes updates her past research and focuses more closely on areas such as the ballooning costs of caring for veterans and members of the armed services. Those costs already promised to be staggeringly high. About 2.5 million men and women have served in Iraq and Afghanistan, and just over 1.5 million had left active duty by September 2012. Of those, more than half were receiving government medical care, and one out of every two veterans had already applied for permanent disability benefits. Those costs, already more than $134 billion, will continue to climb for years, eventually totaling an additional $836 billion. As Bilmes reports in her paper, the largest payments for World War ii veterans were in the 1980s, and payments to Vietnam and first Gulf War veterans are still rising today. (continued on page 8)

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