Hidden Apartheid - CHRGJ

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Hidden Apartheid - CHRGJ

The right to freedom of opinion and expression and freedom of peaceful assembly

and association

Dalits’ right to freedom of opinion and expression, and rights to freedom of peaceful

assembly and association are compromised by police abuse of Dalit activists, retaliatory

attacks by private actors that are carried out with impunity, and social and economic

boycotts against Dalits.

The right to form and join trade unions

Dalits’ right to form and join trade unions is undermined by an unwillingness to register

unions where workers are illiterate.

On the basis of this information, we respectfully request that the following issue be raised

with the State Party:

• Provide information (including statistical data, disaggregated by caste and gender)

on the actual participation of Dalits in State institutions, including national and local

government, the police, the judiciary, and in institutes of higher education.

The right to freedom of movement and residence within the border of the State and

the right to leave any country, including one's own, and to return to one’s country

Dalits’ right to freedom of residence is severely curtailed by the practice of “untouchability”

which often dictates where Dalits must live. Dalits’ right to freedom of movement within

India is curtailed by conditions that make Dalits vulnerable to migratory labor and by the

forced displacement of Dalits in the aftermath of episodes of caste violence. Moreover,

Dalits’ right to leave India, while formally granted, is not substantively guaranteed due to

Dalits’ disproportionately low economic status and their inability to acquire relevant

documents and the proof necessary, for instance, to make a passport.

The right to marriage and choice of spouse

Strict prohibitions on marriage and other social interaction between Dalits and the uppercaste

routinely violate the rights of Dalits to marry and choose their spouse. These

prohibitions on inter-marriage are a hallmark feature of the caste system and are designed

to ensure rigid social norms of purity and pollution. Inter-marriages are frequently the

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